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1.
Virol J ; 16(1): 129, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever that was first described in China in 2011. We report a patient who died of Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) infection, with a rapidly progressive central nervous system (CNS) disturbance, in Dongyang, Zhejiang Province, China, in 2017. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man was admitted to hospital after 4 days of fever. SFTSV was detected 1 day after the patient was admitted to hospital. The patient presented with CNS disturbance and died 4 days after admission. Detailed clinical and epidemiological investigations and laboratory tests were conducted. Reduced platelet, white blood cell, lymphocyte, and neutrophil counts, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferaseand alanine aminotransferase concentrations, and an increased activated partial thromboplastin time were observed. In a phylogenetic analysis, the isolate clustered close to a strain derived from South Korea. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case of SFTSV infection with CNS disturbance in Dongyang, Zhejiang Province, China. The surveillance of suspected cases of SFTS is important in SFTSV endemic regions.

2.
Int J Pharm ; : 118776, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678374

RESUMO

A comprehensive cocrystal study for the insoluble natural pharmaceutical compound xanthotoxin (XT) was conducted, in which xanthotoxin-para aminobenzoic acid (XT-PABA) and xanthotoxin-oxalic acid (XT-OA) cocrystals were obtained. The xanthotoxin cocrystals were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and FT-IR spectra, and the crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystal structures and thermal analysis showed that XT-OA was more stable than XT-PABA. Energy framework calculation indicated that H-bond and π···π interactions generated in XT-OA were stronger than that in XT-PABA and xanthotoxin. The powder dissolution experiments of xanthotoxin and its cocrystals suggested the XT-OA cocrystal might be applied as an alternative formulation of API, on account of its enhanced solubility and stability in the hydrochloric acid buffer solution (pH 1.2). The cocrystallization engineering can prolong the enhanced apparent solubility via modulating the stability.

3.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23086, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate circular RNA-mitochondrial tRNA translation optimization 1 (circ-MTO1) expression in tumor tissue and its correlation with clinical characteristics and survival profiles, as well as its effect on cancer cell functions in prostate cancer. METHODS: A total of 298 primary prostate cancer patients were included. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was conducted to evaluate circ-MTO1 expression in tumor tissue and paired adjacent tissue. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were recorded. In in vitro experiment, prostate cancer cells were transfected with circ-MTO1 over-expression and negative-control over-expression plasmids. Then cell proliferation, cell invasion and miR-630 as well as miR-17-5p expressions in prostate cancer cells were detected. RESULTS: Circular RNA-mitochondrial tRNA translation optimization 1 expression was downregulated in tumor tissue compared with paired adjacent tissue (P < .001) in patients with prostate cancer. Circ-MTO1 high expression in tumor tissue was correlated with decreased pathological T stage (P = .001) as well as lower pathological N stage (P = .020). As for survival profiles, the DFS (P = .006) and OS (P = .018) were both longer in patients who had circ-MTO1 high expression compared with patients who had circ-MTO1 low expression. In addition, circ-MTO1 high expression independently predicted favorable DFS and OS. Besides, further in vitro experiments illustrated that circ-MTO1 inhibited proliferation (P < .05) and invasion (P < .05) as well as downregulated miR-17-5p expression in prostate cancer cells (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Circ-MTO1 correlates with decreased pathological T/N stage and favorable survival profiles, and it also inhibits cell proliferation, invasion as well as miR-17-5p expression in prostate cancer.

4.
F1000Res ; 82019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723413

RESUMO

Cord blood (CB) has been used as a viable source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) in over 35,000 clinical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) efforts to treat the same variety of malignant and non-malignant disorders treated by bone marrow (BM) and mobilized peripheral blood (mPB) using HLA-matched or partially HLA-disparate related or unrelated donor cells for adult and children recipients. This review documents the beginning of this clinical effort that started in the 1980's, the pros and cons of CB HCT compared to BM and mPB HCT, and recent experimental and clinical efforts to enhance the efficacy of CB HCT. These efforts include means for increasing HSC numbers in single CB collections, expanding functional HSCs ex vivo, and improving CB HSC homing and engraftment, all with the goal of clinical translation. Concluding remarks highlight the need for phase I/II clinical trials to test the experimental procedures that are described, either alone or in combination.

5.
ACS Chem Biol ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609578

RESUMO

Pirin is a nonheme metalloprotein that occurs widely in human tissues and is highly conserved across all taxa. Pirin proteins typically function as nuclear transcription regulators, but two Pirin orthologs, YhhW (from Escherichia coli) and hPirin (from humans) were revealed to possess enzymatic activity of degrading quercetin. The exact role of Pirin homologues and their catalytic specificity remain poorly understood. In this work, by screening against a panel of plant flavonoids, we found that both Pirins catalyze the oxidative degradation of a wide spectrum of flavonol analogues and release carbon monoxide (CO) in the process. This shows that Pirin acts on a broad range of substrates and could represent a novel dietary source of CO in vivo. Although the kinetic profiles differ substantially between two Pirins, the identified substrate structures all share a 2,3-double bond and 3-hydroxyl and 4-oxo groups on their "flavonol backbone," which contribute to the specific enzyme-substrate interaction. While hPirin is iron-dependent, YhhW is identified as a novel nickel-containing dioxygenase member of the bicupin family. Besides the expanded Pirin activity, we present the crystal structures of the native Ni-YhhW and tag-free Fe-hPirin, revealing the distinctive differences occurring at the metal-binding site. In addition, YhhW features a flexible Ω-loop near the catalytic cavity, which may help stabilize the reaction intermediates via a Ni-flavonol complex. The structure-dependent modulation of substrate binding to the catalytic cavity adds to understanding the differential dispositions of natural flavonols by human and bacterial Pirins.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3473-3481, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621234

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of grazing exclusion on the abundance of functional genes (nifH, amoA-AOA, amoA-AOB, narG, nirK, nirS, and nosZ) involved in soil nitrogen cycling in soil profiles (0-10, 10-20, 20-40 and 40-60 cm) from a chronosequence of grazing exclusion (0, 7, 18, 27 and 35 years) in the semiarid grasslands of the Loess Plateau. The relationship between abundance of functional genes and soil nitrogen storage was evaluated. The results showed that 35 years exclusion increased the abundance of nifH and amoA-AOB genes by 67.8% and 17.6% compared with the grazed grassland, respectively, and decreased that of nirK genes. The abundance of nifH, narG, and nirS genes in surface soil (0-10 cm) were significantly higher than that in deep soil (20-40 and 40-60 cm), indicating that those genes had surface accumulation effects. Grazing exclusion increased soil nitrogen storage. Soil nitrogen storage in 0-60 cm layer was the highest at 27 years (20.96 mg·hm-2), indicating that 27 years might be the optimum for grazing exclusion. The abundance of nifH, amoA-AOA and amoA-AOB had a significant linear relationship with nitrogen storage, suggesting that microbes harboring these genes played an important role in soil nitrogen accumulation. Total nitrogen, bulk density, and available phosphorus content were the dominant factors affecting the abundance of functional genes involved in soil nitrogen cycling. Our results provided a scientific reference for understanding soil nitrogen cycling and restoration of degraded grassland.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Solo , Pradaria , Ciclo do Nitrogênio , Microbiologia do Solo
7.
Cell Biol Int ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579960

RESUMO

Genistein is an isoflavone that has estrogen (E2 )-like activity and is beneficial for follicular development, but little is known regarding its function in oxidative stress (OS)-mediated granulosa cell (GC) injury. Here, we found that after exposure to H2 O2 , Genistein weakened the elevated levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), which were regarded as the biomarkers for OS, and rescued glutathione (GSH) content and GSH/GSSG ratio accompanying with a simultaneous increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level, whereas addition of protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H89 impeded the effects of Genistein on the levels of ROS and MDA. Further analysis evidenced that Genistein enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) in H2 O2 -treated GCs, but this enhancement was attenuated by H89. Under OS, Genistein improved cell viability and lessened the apoptotic rate of GCs along with a reduction in the activity of Casp3 and levels of Bax and Bad messenger RNA (mRNA), while H89 reversed the above effects. Moreover, Genistein treatment caused an obvious elevation in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) followed by a decline in the levels of intracellular mitochondrial superoxide, but H89 inhibited the regulation of Genistein on MMP and mitochondrial superoxide. Supplementation of Genistein promoted the secretion of E2 and increased the expression of Star and Cyp19a1 mRNA, whereas suppressed the level of progesterone (P4 ) accompanied with a decline in the level of Hsd3b1 mRNA expression. H89 blocked the regulation of Genistein on the secretion of E2 and P4 , and alleviated the ascending of Star and Cyp19a1 elicited by Genistein. Collectively, Genistein protects GCs from OS via cAMP-PKA signaling.

8.
Mol Biochem Parasitol ; 233: 111220, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542424

RESUMO

The CaaX proteases are closely related in the post-translational modification of many membrane-bound or secreted proteins and play a key role in the activation or stabilization of these molecules belonging to the CAAX family. In this study, a full-length cDNA putatively encoding a FACE-1/Ste24p CaaX protease (type I) of the Schistosoma japonicum was isolated. The cDNA, named SjSte24p, composed of 1646 bp and encoded 473 amino acids with predicted Mr/pI as 54.77 kDa/8.04. SjSte24p is a monoexonic gene constantly expressed in the parasite from cercariae to adult stages. It contained the characteristic of CaaX protease topology, including seven trans-membrane domains and a metallo-protease segment with a zinc-binding motif (HEXXH). SjSte24p shared a considerable degree of sequence identity with the type I CaaX proteases. A phylogenetic analysis showed that this protein family is tightly conserved from fungi to vertebrates. The expressed recombinant SjSte24p protein showed a proteolytic activity, which was inhibited by EDTA. Its activity was increased at low doses of the Zn2+ (0.001-0.01 mM); but was reversibly down-regulated at high doses (>0.1 mM). The native SjSte24p appeared to function in insoluble from. The protein was mainly localized in the tegument on the surface of adult worms. These results indicated that the SjSte24p is a practical zinc-dependent metalloprotease, which belongs to the FACE-1/Ste24p protease family.

9.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 287, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miRNA expression profiles in ectopic endometrium (EC) serving as pathophysiologic genetic fingerprints contribute to determining endometriosis progression; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. METHODS: miRNA microarray analysis was used to determine the expression profiling of EC fresh tissues. qRT-PCR was performed to screen miR-205-5p expression in EC tissues. The roles of miR-205-5p and its candidate target gene, angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2), in endometriosis progression were confirmed on the basis of both in vitro and in vivo systems. miR-205-5p and ANGPT2 expression were measured by in situ hybridization and immunochemistry, and their clinical significance was statistically analysed. RESULTS: miR-205-5p was screened as a novel suppressor of endometriosis through primary ectopic endometrial stromal cell migration, invasion, and apoptosis assay in vitro, along with endometrial-like xenograft growth and apoptosis in vivo. In addition, ANGPT2 was identified as a direct target of miR-205-5p through bioinformatic target prediction and luciferase reporter assay. Re-expression and knockdown of ANGPT2 could respectively rescue and simulate the effects induced by miR-205-5p. Importantly, the miR-205-5p-ANGPT2 axis was found to activate the ERK/AKT pathway in endometriosis. Finally, miR-205-5p and ANGPT2 expression were closely correlated with the endometriosis severity. CONCLUSION: The newly identified miR-205-5p-ANGPT2-AKT/ERK axis illustrates the molecular mechanism of endometriosis progression and may represent a novel diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for disease treatment.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 30(46): 465602, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412321

RESUMO

The development of effective strategies for the massive production of layer-number tunable graphene is of great importance to satisfy the requirements in versatile applications such as energy storage, thermal management, photocatalysis. However, how to prepare the layer-tunable graphene by a simple and efficient way is still a great challenge. Herein, an attempt has been made to exfoliate graphite into layer-tunable graphene by simply soaking the graphite in a binary-component solution composed of H2SO4 and (NH4)2S2O8. In this one-step method, we demonstrate that the layer-number for the as-prepared graphene can be significantly reduced by increasing the exfoliating temperature. An average thickness of ∼20, ∼10, and ∼3 atomic layers can be obtained for the graphene samples exfoliated at the temperature of 30 °C, 60 °C, and 90 °C, respectively. Meanwhile, higher exfoliating temperature not only facilitates the higher efficiency in the exfoliation of graphite, but also achieves a superior conductivity for the prepared graphene. We have demonstrated for the first time that controlling in a sole factor of temperature can effectively tune the layer-number of graphene by a one-step chemical exfoliation method, which will find its great potential in the practical application where the designated property of graphene is required.

11.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 143: 111610, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445386

RESUMO

A label-free and efficient electrochemical biosensor was developed for the ultrasensitive detection of EBV-related DNA by combing AgDNCs@DNA/AgNCs nanocomposites with noncanonical lambda exonuclease (λ exo)-assisted target recycling (LNTR). The conjugates of AgDNCs, DNA/AgNCs and probe DNA (pDNA-AgDNCs@DNA/AgNCs conjugates) worked as not only ideal nanocarriers but also efficient electrochemical tags. LNTR didn't require phosphorylated substrates and could be triggered specifically by target DNA, leading to the recycling use of target DNA and the liberation of plentiful linker probes (LP). Subsequently, the LP hybridized with the capture probes on the electrode and then bond to pDNA-AgDNCs@DNA/AgNCs conjugates, generating a sensitive electric signal directly. What's more, the signal amplification effects of DNA/AgNCs and LNTR were investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed method exhibited a wide linear range of 1 fM to 1 nM and the detection limit down to 0.38 fM. In addition, the developed biosensing method exhibited excellent specificity and was successfully applied to detect target DNA in complex biological matrix. The proposed biosensor without extra bio-labels may provide a promising platform in bioanalysis and biochemical research.

12.
Genet Epidemiol ; 43(8): 941-951, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392781

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have thus far achieved substantial success. In the last decade, a large number of common variants underlying complex diseases have been identified through GWAS. In most existing GWAS, the identified common variants are obtained by single marker-based tests, that is, testing one single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at a time. Generally, the basic functional unit of inheritance is a gene, rather than a SNP. Thus, results from gene-level association test can be more readily integrated with downstream functional and pathogenic investigation. In this paper, we propose a general gene-based p-value adaptive combination approach (GPA) which can integrate association evidence of multiple genetic variants using only GWAS summary statistics (either p-value or other test statistics). The proposed method could be used to test genetic association for both continuous and binary traits through not only one study but also multiple studies, which would be helpful to overcome the limitation of existing methods that can only be applied to a specific type of data. We conducted thorough simulation studies to verify that the proposed method controls type I errors well, and performs favorably compared to single-marker analysis and other existing methods. We demonstrated the utility of our proposed method through analysis of GWAS meta-analysis results for fasting glucose and lipids from the international MAGIC consortium and Global Lipids Consortium, respectively. The proposed method identified some novel trait associated genes which can improve our understanding of the mechanisms involved in ß -cell function, glucose homeostasis, and lipids traits.

13.
J Control Release ; 311-312: 43-49, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446085

RESUMO

Folate (FA) receptor is a cell surface glycoprotein overexpressed on many cancer cells. It is a high affinity ligand for cancer cell targeting. However, delivery of siRNA directly through folate receptor mediated endocytosis for gene silencing has not, if any, been successful in clinical trial. We have reported the application of RNA nanotechnology to construct FA-displaying exosomes for efficient cell targeting, siRNA delivery and cancer regression (Pi et.al Nature Nanotechnology, 2018:13, 82-89; Li et al., Scientific Report, 2018:8, 14,644). However, the mechanism underlying the efficient therapeutic behavior through folate/exosome complex remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that the efficient cancer suppression with the FA-displaying exosome was due to the receptor-mediated cytosol delivery of the siRNA payload without endosome trapping, as attested by fluorescence colocalization analysis, gene knockdown assay and animal tumor regression. It is expected that the high potency of FA-displaying exosome in cytosolic siRNA delivery will renew the concept and interest in using FA as cancer targeting ligand in human cancer therapy.

14.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) has been confirmed as an important complication after major surgery. However, neurosurgical patients have usually been excluded in previous studies. To date, data on POD and risk factors in patients after intracranial surgery are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and risk factors of POD in patients after intracranial surgery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A neurosurgical ICU of a university-affiliated hospital, Beijing, China. INTERVENTIONS: Adult patients admitted to the ICU after elective intracranial surgery under general anaesthesia were consecutively enrolled between 1 March 2017 and 2 February 2018. Delirium was assessed using the Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU. POD was diagnosed as Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU positive on either postoperative day 1 or day 3. Patients were classified into groups with or without POD. Data were collected for univariate and multivariate analyses to determine the risk factors for POD. RESULTS: A total of 800 patients were included. POD was diagnosed in 157 patients (19.6%, 95% confidence interval 16.9 to 22.4%). Independent risk factors for POD included age, nature of intracranial lesion, frontal approach craniotomy, duration of surgery, presence of an episode of low pulse oxygenation at ICU admission, presence of inadequate emergence and emergence delirium, postoperative pain and presence of immobilising events. POD was associated with adverse outcomes and high costs. CONCLUSION: POD is prevalent in patients after elective intracranial surgery. The identified risk factors for and the potential association of POD with adverse outcomes suggest that a comprehensive strategy involving screening for predisposing factors and early prevention of modifiable factors should be established in this population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03087838).

15.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4187-4209, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289440

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are disseminated cancer cells. The occurrence and circulation of CTCs seem key for metastasis, still the major cause of cancer-associated deaths. As such, CTCs are investigated as predictive biomarkers. However, due to their rarity and heterogeneous biology, CTCs' practical use has not made it into the clinical routine. Clearly, methods for the effective isolation and reliable detection of CTCs are urgently needed. With the development of nanotechnology, various nanosystems for CTC isolation and enrichment and CTC-targeted cancer therapy have been designed. Here, we summarize the relationship between CTCs and tumor metastasis, and describe CTCs' unique properties hampering their effective enrichment. We comment on nanotechnology-based systems for CTC isolation and recent achievements in microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip technologies. We discuss recent advances in CTC-targeted cancer therapy exploiting the unique properties of nanomaterials. We conclude by introducing developments in CTC-directed nanosystems and other advanced technologies currently in (pre)clinical research.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Separação Celular/métodos , Nanomedicina/métodos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/isolamento & purificação , Materiais Biomiméticos , Grafite , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica/instrumentação , Microfluídica/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Nanotubos de Carbono
16.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(8): e723-e727, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261342

RESUMO

In the repair of unilateral cleft lip, the Cupid's bow, and vermilion on the affected side are sometimes lowered excessively. Methods involving skin and mucosa flaps have been used to correct this issue, but they pose some risk of scarring. The authors here describe a layered muscle flap technique that was based on the anatomical research of nasal-labial muscles, especially the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle. This technique can be used to suspend the Cupid's bow and vermilion in secondary unilateral cleft lip repair. Forty-five patients with secondary unilateral cleft lip with excessively lowered Cupid's bows and vermilion on the affected side were included in this study, which lasted 3 years. These patients were treated using the layered muscle flap surgical technique. The heights of specific bilateral landmarks were measured on patient photos and used to define the symmetry of bilateral Cupid's bow and vermilion. The comparison between post-operative and pre-operative symmetries was used to evaluate the post-operative results, and most of them were satisfactory. The results were also mostly well retained in follow-up investigations. This layered muscle flap technique could be effective in selected cases.

17.
Stem Cells ; 37(10): 1319-1330, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260147

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem (HSC) and progenitor (HPC) cells are regulated by interacting signals and cellular and noncellular elements of the hematopoietic niche. We previously showed that CD166 is a functional marker of murine and human HSC and of cellular components of the murine niche. Selection of murine CD166+ engrafting HSC enriched for marrow repopulating cells. Here, we demonstrate that CD166-CD166 homophilic interactions enhance generation of murine and human HPC in vitro and augment hematopoietic function of these cells. Interactions between cultured CD166+ Lineage- Sca-1+ c-Kit+ (LSK) cells and CD166+ osteoblasts (OBs) significantly enhanced the expansion of colony-forming units (CFUs). Interactions between CD166+ LSK cells and immobilized CD166 protein generated more CFU in short-term cultures than between these cells and bovine serum albumin (BSA) or in cultures initiated with CD166- LSK cells. Similar results were obtained when LSK cells from wildtype (WT) or CD166 knockout (KO) (CD166-/- ) mice were used with immobilized CD166. Human cord blood CD34+ cells expressing CD166 produced significantly higher numbers of CFUs following interaction with immobilized CD166 than their CD166- counterparts. These data demonstrate the positive effects of CD166 homophilic interactions involving CD166 on the surface of murine and human HPCs. Single-cell RNA-seq analysis of CD150+ CD48- (signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM)) LSK cells from WT and CD166-/- mice incubated with immobilized CD166 protein revealed that engagement of CD166 on these cells activates cytokine, growth factor and hormone signaling, epigenetic pathways, and other genes implicated in maintenance of stem cell pluripotency-related and mitochondria-related signaling pathways. These studies provide tangible evidence implicating CD166 engagement in the maintenance of stem/progenitor cell function. Stem Cells 2019;37:1319-1330.

19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1757954, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341889

RESUMO

Aim: To develop predictive equations of lean body mass (LBM) suitable for healthy southern Chinese adults with a large sample. LBM measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) are considered as the standard ones. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on the consecutive people who did total body measurement with DXA from July 2005 to October 2015. People with diseases that might affect LBM were excluded and overall 12,194 subjects were included in this study. Information about the 10,683 subjects (2,987 males and 7,696 females) from July 2005 to November 2014 was used to establish equations. These subjects were grouped by sex and then subdivided according to their body mass index (BMI). The female group was divided into another two subgroups: the premenopausal and postmenopausal subgroups. Equations were developed through stepwise multilinear regression analysis of height, weight, age, and BMI. Information about the 1,511 subjects (395 males and 1116 females) from December 2014 to October 2015 was used to verify the established equations. Results: BMI, height, weight, and age were introduced into the equations as independent variables in the male group, while age was proved to have no influence on LBM in the female group. Regrouping according to BMI or menopause did not increase the predictive ability of equations. Good agreement between LBM evaluated by equation (LBM_PE) and LBM measured by DXA (LBM_DXA) was observed in both the male and female groups. Conclusion: Predictive equations of LBM suitable for healthy southern Chinese adults are established with a large sample. BMI was related to LBM content; however, there is no need for further group based on BMI or menopause while developing LBM questions.

20.
J Neuroinflammation ; 16(1): 149, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unrestrained activation of Th1 and Th17 cells is associated with the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). While inactivation of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), a GTPase that regulates mitochondrial fission, can reduce EAE severity by protecting myelin from demyelination, its effect on immune responses in EAE has not yet been studied. METHODS: We investigated the effect of Mdivi-1, a small molecule inhibitor of Drp1, on EAE. Clinical scores, inflammation, demyelination and Drp1 activation in the central nervous system (CNS), and T cell responses in both CNS and periphery were determined. RESULTS: Mdivi-1 effectively suppressed EAE severity by reducing demyelination and cellular infiltration in the CNS. Mdivi-1 treatment decreased the phosphorylation of Drp1 (ser616) on CD4+ T cells, reduced the numbers of Th1 and Th17 cells, and increased Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in the CNS. Moreover, Mdivi-1 treatment effectively inhibited IFN-γ+, IL-17+, and GM-CSF+ CD4+ T cells, while it induced CD4+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in splenocytes by flow cytometry. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our results demonstrate that Mdivi-1 has therapeutic potential in EAE by modulating the balance between Th1/Th17 and regulatory T cells.

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