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1.
J Nat Prod ; 84(2): 187-194, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586438

RESUMO

Aeroponically grown Physalis acutifolia afforded five new and six known withanolides including 10 physalins. The structures of the new withanolides, acutifolactone (1), 5ß,6ß-epoxyphysalin C (2), 5α-chloro-6ß-hydroxyphysalin C (3), and an inseparable mixture of 5ß,6ß-epoxy-2,3-dihydrophysalin F-3ß-O-sulfate (4) and 5ß,6ß-epoxy-2,3-dihydrophysalin C-3ß-O-sulfate (5), were elucidated by analysis of their spectroscopic data and chemical interconversions. The known withanolides were identified as physalins B (6), D (7), F (8), H (9), I (10), and U (11) by comparison of their spectroscopic data with those reported. Evaluation of 1-11 and the derivatives, 13 and 13a, obtained from 4 and 5 against a panel of four human cancer cell lines [NCI-H460 (non-small-cell lung), SF-268 (CNS glioma), PC-3 (prostate adenocarcinoma), and MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma)] and normal human lung fibroblast (WI-38) cells revealed that physalins 2, 3, 8, and 9 exhibited selective cytotoxic activity to at least one of the cancer cell lines tested compared to the normal cells and that 7, 10, and 11 were inactive up to a concentration of 10.0 µM. These data provided some preliminary structure-activity relationships and suggested that the mechanism of cytotoxic activity of physalins may differ from other classes of withanolides.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3863, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594193

RESUMO

Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been widely spread in China and several other countries. Early finding of this pneumonia from huge numbers of suspects gives clinicians a big challenge. The aim of the study was to develop a rapid screening model for early predicting NCP in a Zhejiang population, as well as its utility in other areas. A total of 880 participants who were initially suspected of NCP from January 17 to February 19 were included. Potential predictors were selected via stepwise logistic regression analysis. The model was established based on epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, white blood cell count, and pulmonary imaging changes, with the area under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve of 0.920. At a cut-off value of 1.0, the model could determine NCP with a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 82.3%. We further developed a simplified model by combining the geographical regions and rounding the coefficients, with the AUROC of 0.909, as well as a model without epidemiological factors with the AUROC of 0.859. The study demonstrated that the screening model was a helpful and cost-effective tool for early predicting NCP and had great clinical significance given the high activity of NCP.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento , Modelos Biológicos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , /fisiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 271: 113895, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524512

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ginkgo biloba L. fruit, also known as Bai Guo, Ya Jiao Zi (in pinyin Chinese), and ginkgo nut (in English), has been used for many years as an important material in Chinese traditional medicine to treat coughs and asthma and as a disinfectant, as described in the Compendium of Materia Medica (Ben Cao Gang Mu, pinyin in Chinese), an old herbal book. Ginkgo nuts are used to treat phlegm-associated asthma, astringent gasp, frequent urination, gonorrhoea and turgidity; consumed raw to reduce phlegm and treat hangovers; and used as a disinfectant and insecticide. A similar record was also found in Sheng Nong's herbal classic (Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, pinyin in Chinese). Recent research has shown that Ginkgo biloba L. exocarp extract (GBEE) can unblock blood vessels and improve brain function and exhibits antitumour and antibacterial activities. AIM OF STUDY: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Ginkgo biloba L. exocarp extract (GBEE) on methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) biofilms and assess its associated molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antibacterial effects of GBEE on S. aureus and MRSA were determined using the broth microdilution method. The growth curves of bacteria treated with or without GBEE were generated by measuring the CFU (colony forming unit) of cultures at different time points. The effects of GBEE on bacterial biofilm formation and mature biofilm disruption were determined by crystal violet staining. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to measure the effects of GBEE on the gene expression profiles of MRSA biofilm-related factors at 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h. RESULTS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of GBEE on S. aureus and MRSA was 4 µg/mL, and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was 8 µg/ml. Moreover, GBEE (4-12 µg/mL) inhibited S. aureus and MRSA biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, GBEE also destroyed mature biofilms of S. aureus and MRSA at 12 µg/ml. The expression of the MRSA biofilm-associated factor icaA and sarA were downregulated after 6 h of treatment with GBEE, while sigB was downregulated after 12 h. MeanwhileMeanwhile, icaR was upregulated at 12 h. In addition, GBEE also downregulated the virulence gene hld and inhibited the synthesis of staphyloxanthin. CONCLUSIONS: GBEE has excellent antibacterial effects against S. aureus and MRSA and inhibits their biofilm-forming ability by altering related gene expression.

4.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416829

RESUMO

: The rapid progresses of high throughput sequencing technology-based omics and mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics such as data-independent acquisition (DIA) and its penetration to clinical studies have generated increasing number of proteomic data sets containing 100 s-1000s samples. To analyze these quantitative proteomic data sets and other -omics data sets more efficiently and conveniently, we present a web server-based software tool ProteomeExpert implemented in Docker, which offers various analysis tools for experimental design, data mining, interpretation, and visualization of quantitative proteomic data sets. ProteomeExpert can be deployed on an operating system with Docker installed or with R language environment. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The Docker image of ProteomeExpert is freely available from https://hub.docker.com/r/lifeinfo/proteomeexpert. The source code of ProteomeExpert is also openly accessible at http://www.github.com/lifeinfo/ProteomeExpert/. In addition, a demo server is provided at https://proteomic.shinyapps.io/peserver/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SUPPLEMENTARY DATA ARE AVAILABLE AT BIOINFORMATICS ONLINE.

5.
Chemosphere ; 263: 128193, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297158

RESUMO

The interfacial tracer test (ITT) conducted via aqueous miscible-displacement column experiments is one of a few methods available to measure air-water interfacial areas for porous media. The primary objective of this study was to examine the robustness of air-water interfacial area measurements obtained with interfacial tracer tests, and to examine the overall validity of the method. The potential occurrence and impact of surfactant-induced flow was investigated, as was measurement replication. The column and the effluent samples were weighed during the tests to monitor for potential changes in water saturation and flux. Minimal changes in water saturation and flux were observed for experiments wherein steady flow conditions were maintained using a vacuum-chamber system. The air-water interfacial areas measured with the miscible-displacement method completely matched interfacial areas measured with methods that are not influenced by surfactant-induced flow. This successful benchmarking was observed for all three media tested, and over a range of saturations. A mathematical model explicitly accounting for nonlinear and rate-limited adsorption of surfactant at the solid-water and air-water interfaces as well as the influence of changes in surface tension on matric potentials and flow was used to simulate the tracer tests. The independently-predicted simulations provided excellent matches to the measured data, and revealed that the use of the vacuum system minimized the occurrence of surfactant-induced flow and its associated effects. These results in total unequivocally demonstrate that the miscible-displacement ITT method produced accurate and robust measurements of air-water interfacial area under the extant conditions.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Água , Modelos Teóricos , Porosidade , Tensão Superficial
6.
J Proteome Res ; 20(1): 1079-1086, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338382

RESUMO

Batch effects are unwanted data variations that may obscure biological signals, leading to bias or errors in subsequent data analyses. Effective evaluation and elimination of batch effects are necessary for omics data analysis. In order to facilitate the evaluation and correction of batch effects, here we present BatchSever, an open-source R/Shiny based user-friendly interactive graphical web platform for batch effects analysis. In BatchServer, we introduced autoComBat, a modified version of ComBat, which is the most widely adopted tool for batch effect correction. BatchServer uses PVCA (Principal Variance Component Analysis) and UMAP (Manifold Approximation and Projection) for evaluation and visualization of batch effects. We demonstrate its applications in multiple proteomics and transcriptomic data sets. BatchServer is provided at https://lifeinfor.shinyapps.io/batchserver/ as a web server. The source codes are freely available at https://github.com/guomics-lab/batch_server.

7.
Chemosphere ; 2632021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184521

RESUMO

The interfacial tracer test (ITT) conducted via aqueous miscible-displacement column experiments is one of a few methods available to measure air-water interfacial areas for porous media. The primary objective of this study was to examine the robustness of air-water interfacial area measurements obtained with interfacial tracer tests, and to examine the overall validity of the method. The potential occurrence and impact of surfactant-induced flow was investigated, as was measurement replication. The column and the effluent samples were weighed during the tests to monitor for potential changes in water saturation and flux. Minimal changes in water saturation and flux were observed for experiments wherein steady flow conditions were maintained using a vacuum-chamber system. The air-water interfacial areas measured with the miscible-displacement method completely matched interfacial areas measured with methods that are not influenced by surfactant-induced flow. This successful benchmarking was observed for all three media tested, and over a range of saturations. A mathematical model explicitly accounting for nonlinear and rate-limited adsorption of surfactant at the solid-water and air-water interfaces as well as the influence of changes in surface tension on matric potentials and flow was used to simulate the tracer tests. The independently-predicted simulations provided excellent matches to the measured data, and revealed that the use of the vacuum system minimized the occurrence of surfactant-induced flow and its associated effects. These results in total unequivocally demonstrate that the miscible-displacement ITT method produced accurate and robust measurements of air-water interfacial area under the extant conditions.


Assuntos
Ar/análise , Água/química , Adsorção , Benchmarking , Modelos Teóricos , Fenômenos Físicos , Porosidade , Tensão Superficial , Tensoativos/química
8.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(5): 446-451, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354955

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the possible mechanism of Huanshao Capsules (HSC) protecting the reproductive function in rats with ornidazole-induced asthenozoospermia (AZS). METHODS: Forty SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups of equal number, blank control, AZS model control, HSC and L-carnitine (LC) intervention. The AZS model was established in the latter three groups of rats by intragastrical administration of ornidazole at 400 mg/kg/d for 28 days, and meanwhile the animals in the HSC and LC groups were treated by gavage of HSC at 0.31 g/kg/d and LC at 100 mg/kg/d, respectively. Then, all the rats were killed for examination of the LC content, sperm concentration, sperm motility and expression of OCTN2 mRNA in the epididymis and observation of the histopathological changes in the testis tissue. RESULTS: Compared with the AZS model controls, the rats in the HSC and LC groups showed significantly increased LC content (2 880.3 vs 6 366.5 and 6 934.7 mg/L, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (ï¼»34.58 ± 10.25ï¼½ vs ï¼»46.19 ± 14.23ï¼½ and ï¼»42.25 ± 6.11ï¼½ ×106/ml, P < 0.01), sperm motility (ï¼»42.59 ± 7.54ï¼½% vs ï¼»61.34 ± 7.98ï¼½% and ï¼»61.34 ± 7.98ï¼½%, P < 0.01) and expression of OCTN2 mRNA in the epididymis (26.07% vs 27.26% and 27.15%, P < 0.01). The animals of the HSC group exhibited a higher comparability than those of the LC group to the blank controls in the morphology, arrangement and activity of spermatogenic cells. CONCLUSIONS: HSC can protect the reproductive function and improve sperm concentration and motility in the model rats with ornidazole-induced AZS, which may be associated with its abilities of up-regulating the expression of OCTN2 mRNA and increasing the LC content in the epididymis.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Ornidazol , Animais , Astenozoospermia/induzido quimicamente , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Carnitina/metabolismo , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Epididimo/metabolismo , Masculino , Ornidazol/toxicidade , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/metabolismo , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides
9.
Water Resour Res ; 56(2)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223573

RESUMO

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are emerging contaminants of critical concern. As surfactants, PFAS tend to accumulate at air-water interfaces and may stay in the vadose zone for long times before contaminating groundwater. Yet not well understood, the extent of retention in the vadose zone has critical implications for risk management and remediation strategies. We present the first mathematical model that accounts for surfactant-induced flow and solid-phase and air-water interfacial adsorption. We apply the model to simulate PFOS (a PFAS compound of primary concern) transport in the vadose zone at a model fire-training area site impacted by Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF). Air-water interfacial adsorption is shown to have a significant impact-amplified by the low water content due to gravity drainage-total retardation factors range from 233 to 1355 for the sand and 146 to 792 for the soil used in the study. The simulations illustrate it can take several decades or longer for PFOS to reach groundwater. Counterintuitively, the lower water content in the sand-due to stronger drainage and weaker capillary retention-leads to retardation factors greater than for the soil. Also, most PFOS is adsorbed at air-water interfaces with only 1-2% in the aqueous phase. The implications include 1) fine-texture materials could have lower retardation factors than sand due to higher retained water content, 2) soil PFAS concentrations are likely to be orders of magnitude higher than those in groundwater at source zones. Both implications are consistent with recent field observations at hundreds of AFFF-impacted sites.

10.
Oncogenesis ; 9(11): 99, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168819

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) on miRNA transcription. Our results of miRNA chip assay and ChIP-seq showed that MeCP2 inhibited the expressions of numerous miRNAs by binding to their upstream elements, including not only the promoter but also the distal enhancer. Among the affected miRNAs, miR-22 was identified to remarkably suppress gastric cancer (GC) cell proliferation, arrest G1-S cell cycle transition, and induce cell apoptosis by targeting MeCP2, MTHFD2, and MTHFR. Understanding GC metabolism characteristics is the key to developing novel therapies that target GC metabolic pathways. Our study revealed that the metabolic profiles in GC tissues were altered. SAM (S-adenosylmethionine), a universal methyl donor for histone and DNA methylation, which is specifically involved in the epigenetic maintenance of cancer cells, was found increased. The production of SAM is promoted by the folate cycle. Knockdown of MTHFD2 and MTHFR, two key enzymes in folate metabolism and methyl donor SAM production, significantly suppressed GC cell proliferation. MiR-22 overexpression reduced the level of endogenous SAM by suppressing MTHFD2 and MTHFR, inducing P16, PTEN, and RASSF1A hypomethylation. In conclusion, our study suggests that miR-22 was inhibited by MeCP2, resulting in deficiency of endogenous SAM, and ultimately leading to tumor suppressor dysregulation.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20217, 2020 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214659

RESUMO

Mammalian oocytes represent impaired quality after undergoing a process of postovulatory aging, which can be alleviated through various effective ways such as reagent treatment. Accumulating evidences have revealed the beneficial effects of astaxanthin (Ax) as a potential antioxidant on reproductive biology. Here, porcine matured oocytes were used as a model to explore whether Ax supplement can protect against oocyte aging in vitro and the underlying mechanism, and therefore they were cultured with or without 2.5 µM Ax for an additional 24 h. Aged oocytes treated with Ax showed improved yield and quality of blastocysts as well as recovered expression of maternal genes. Importantly, oxidative stress in aged oocytes was relieved through Ax treatment, based on reduced reactive oxygen species and enhanced glutathione and antioxidant gene expression. Moreover, inhibition in apoptosis and autophagy of aged oocyte by Ax was confirmed through decreased caspase-3, cathepsin B and autophagic activities. Ax could also maintain spindle organization and actin expression, and rescue functional status of organelles including mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and lysosomes according to restored fluorescence intensity. In conclusion, Ax might provide an alternative for ameliorating the oocyte quality following aging in vitro, through the mechanisms mediated by its antioxidant properties.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(9)2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899846

RESUMO

Due to the characteristics of high electron mobility, ambient stability, proper energy level, and low processing temperature, zinc oxide (ZnO) has become a very promising electron transport material for photovoltaics. However, perovskite solar cells fabricated with ZnO reveal low efficiency because perovskite crystals may decompose thermally on the surface of ZnO as a result of proton transfer reactions. In this study, we are the first to incorporate an inexpensive, non-toxic polyethylene glycol (PEG) into ZnO and explore the passivation effect on the electron transport layer of perovskite solar cells. Suspension stability, surface roughness, electrical conductivity, crystal size, and photovoltaic properties with respect to the PEG incorporation are analyzed. The experimental results revealed that PEG incorporation effectively passivated the surface defects of ZnO, increased the electrical conductivity, and suppressed the charge recombination. The photocurrent density could increase from 15.2 to 19.2 mA/cm2, an increase of 27%.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 740: 140017, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927568

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are contaminants of critical concern due to their persistence, widespread distribution in the environment, and potential human-health impacts. In this work, published studies of PFAS concentrations in soils were compiled from the literature. These data were combined with results obtained from a large curated database of PFAS soil concentrations for contaminated sites. In aggregate, the compiled data set comprises >30,000 samples collected from >2500 sites distributed throughout the world. Data were collected for three types of sites- background sites, primary-source sites (fire-training areas, manufacturing plants), and secondary-source sites (biosolids application, irrigation water use). The aggregated soil-survey reports comprise samples collected from all continents, and from a large variety of locations in both urban and rural regions. PFAS were present in soil at almost every site tested. Low but measurable concentrations were observed even in remote regions far from potential PFOS sources. Concentrations reported for PFAS-contaminated sites were generally orders-of-magnitude greater than background levels, particularly for PFOS. Maximum reported PFOS concentrations ranged upwards of several hundred mg/kg. Analysis of depth profiles indicates significant retention of PFAS in the vadose zone over decadal timeframes and the occurrence of leaching to groundwater. It is noteworthy that soil concentrations reported for PFAS at contaminated sites are often orders-of-magnitude higher than typical groundwater concentrations. The results of this study demonstrate that PFAS are present in soils across the globe, and indicate that soil is a significant reservoir for PFAS. A critical question of concern is the long-term migration potential to surface water, groundwater, and the atmosphere. This warrants increased focus on the transport and fate behavior of PFAS in soil and the vadose zone, in regards to both research and site investigations.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 130: 110468, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795921

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis has no effective target for its prevention or reversal. Fibinogen-like protein 2 (Fgl2) is a novel prothrombinase exhibiting coagulation activity and immunomodulatory effects. Although Fgl2 is known to play a vital role in the development of liver and interstitial fibrosis, its function in renal fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, Fgl2 expression was found to be markedly increased in kidney tissues from mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal fibrosis and patients with chronic kidney disease. However, Fgl2 deficiency aggravated UUO-induced renal fibrosis, as evidenced by the significantly increasing collagen I, fibronectin, and α-SMA expression, extracellular matrix deposition, and profibrotic factor (TGF-ß1) secretion. Administration of rmFgl2 (recombinant mouse Fgl2) significantly alleviated UUO-induced renal fibrosis in mice, suggesting that the increased fibrosis can be reversed by supplementing rmFgl2. Although there was no difference in the percentages of total macrophages between Fgl2+/+ and Fgl2-/- mice, Fgl2 deficiency remarkably facilitated M2 macrophage polarization and accelerated M1 macrophage polarization to a low degree, during UUO-induced renal fibrosis development in mice. Similar results were observed when Fgl2+/+ and Fgl2-/- mice bone marrow-derived macrophages were treated for M1 or M2 polarization. Moreover, Fgl2 deficiency significantly increased the phosphorylation of STAT6, a critical mediator of M2 polarization, in both UUO-induced fibrotic kidney tissues and bone marrow-derived M2 macrophages. In conclusion, the aggravation of renal fibrosis by Fgl2 deficiency is facilitated by the p-STAT6-dependent upregulation of macrophage polarization, especially of M2.

16.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) is the most common bone disease, which is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the third major threat of life and health among the elderly. The etiology of OP is multifactorial, and it remains unclear about its potential regulatory mechanism. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are the non-coding RNAs that are over 200 bases in chain length. Increasing evidence indicates that LncRNAs are the important regulators of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation, and the occurrence of OP is greatly related to the dysregulation of the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) differentiation lineage. Meanwhile, LncRNAs affect the occurrence and development of OP by regulating OP-related biological processes. METHODS: In the review, we summarized and analyzed the latest findings of LncRNAs in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and related biological processes of OP. Relevant studies published in the last five years were retrieved and selected from the PubMed database using the keywords of LncRNA and OP. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: The present study aimed to examine the underlying mechanisms and biological roles of LncRNAs in OP, as well as osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation. Our results contributed to providing new clues for the epigenetic regulation of OP, making LncRNAs the new targets for OP therapy.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11187, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636462

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to optimize the process parameters for preparing polystyrene (PS) PM2.5 particles by supercritical antisolvent (SAS) method. Toluene was selected as the solvent and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) was used as the antisolvent. The Box-Behnken design-response surface method was applied to investigate the effect of crystallizer pressure, PS massic concentration, flow ratio of CO2/solution and crystallizer temperature on the size and the distribution of PS particles, systematically. It is found that crystallizer temperature is the most significant variable on the size and the distribution of PS particles, followed by flow ratio of CO2/solution and PS massic concentration, and crystallizer pressure is the slightest significant factor. The particle size increases with the increase of crystallizer temperature. The optimum conditions are obtained as crystallizer pressure 9.8 MPa, PS massic concentration 1.6 wt%, flow ratio of CO2/solution 140 g/g and crystallizer temperature 309 K. Under these conditions, the PS particle with the size of 2.78 µm and a narrow size distribution has been prepared, meeting PM2.5 standard aerosols. The results suggest that it is feasible to produce PM2.5 standard aerosols by SAS.

18.
World J Urol ; 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623501

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the role of atrial fibrillation (AF) on complicating inpatient outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients treated with RP during 2012-2014 within National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Length of stay, cost of hospitalization, and in-hospital complications were compared between patients with or without diagnosis of AF. Propensity score matching methods and multivariable regression analysis were used to adjust for potential confounders and a trend analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Patients with AF had a significantly longer hospital stay (coefficient 0.19, 95% CI 0.09-0.29, P < 0.001) and higher cost (coefficient 0.10, 95% CI 0.06-0.15, P < 0.001). Post-operative cardiac complications were significantly higher for patients with AF (OR 16.38, 95% CI 7.72-34.74, P < 0.001), while no differences were found in other complications between the two groups. Similar results were shown in propensity score matching methods. The cardiac complications after laparoscopic RP (OR: 37.71, 95% CI 1.85-768.73, P = 0.018) and open RP (OR: 16.78, 95% CI 1.41-199.51, P = 0.026) were significantly higher than robot-assisted RP (RARP) in patients with AF. The results of trend study indicated that postoperative cardiac complication rates showed a trend of decreasing year by year while the prevalence of AF was rising. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative AF is associated with increased cardiac complications, longer hospital stay and higher cost in PCa patients undergoing RP. RARP may be a preferred choice for patients with AF. Attention should be paid to this special patient population. Reasonable pre-operative risk stratification and standardized management should be done to decrease perioperative complications.

19.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(16): 115606, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690261

RESUMO

The emergence of multidrug resistant microorganisms has triggered the impending need for new aitimicrobial strategies. The antivirulence strategy with the benefite of alleviating the drug resistance becomes the focus of research. In this study, 22 quorum sensing inhibitors were synthesized by mimicking the structure of autoinducer and acinetobactin and up to 34% biofilm inhibition was observed with 5u. The biofilm inhibition effect was further demonstrated with extracellular polysaccharides inhibition and synergism with Gentamycin sulphate.

20.
J Environ Manage ; 272: 111047, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677620

RESUMO

Green synthesized iron nanoparticles have been received increasing attention due to its advantages of a simple, rapid and cost-effective synthesis. In this study, green iron nanoparticles by grape seed extracts (GS-Fe-NPs) were used as a heterogeneous catalyst of Fenton-like system to degrade bisphenol A (BPA) in the aqueous solution. The properties of GS-Fe-NPs before and after reaction were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction respectively. Effect factors, including initial pH value, initial BPA concentration, GS-Fe-NPs dosage, H2O2 dose and temperature on the degradation were investigated systematically. Good performances on the BPA degradation were observed over the wider pH range (3.0-11.0) in the GS-Fe-NPs/H2O2 system. At solution initial pH 6.9 (not adjusted), the BPA degradation efficiency could achieve 96.4% with GS-Fe-NPs 0.30 g/L and H2O2 1.0 mol/L at 308 K. Furthermore, quenching experiments confirmed that OH was the main free radical and its contribution to the BPA degradation varied with the initial pH. The kinetics behavior of BPA degradation had good agreements with the pseudo-first-order model (R12 0.9710-0.9997), suggesting that the degradation of BPA is dominated by redox process. Based on the identified intermediates by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, the possible degradation pathways and BPA removal mechanism in the GS-Fe-NPs/H2O2 system were proposed. It provides a simple and effective water treatment method for BPA contaminated water.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Cinética , Fenóis
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