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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(3): 2342-2348, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597962

RESUMO

Among many modulation methods, strain engineering is often chosen for nanomaterials to produce tunable band gaps continuously. Inspired by the recently reported two-dimensional material PC3, we explore the tuning of strain on the spin-dependent transport properties of PC3 nanoribbons using the first-principle approach. Surprisingly, strain regulation achieves uninterrupted completely dual-spin polarization over a wide energy range near EF. Analysis reveals that the peculiar transmission spectra arise from the interesting evolution of the band structure, in which strain induces bands to shift and broaden/flatten. This results in triggering the transition of PC3NRs from bandgap-tunable bipolar magnetic semiconductors to spin-gapless semiconductors to ferromagnetic metals or half-metal magnets. Their unique performance demonstrates great potential in spintronics, and our study is expected to provide ideas and theoretical support for the design and application of novel PC3-based spintronic devices in the future.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36636943

RESUMO

Correction for 'Rich magnetic phase transitions and completely dual-spin polarization of zigzag PC3 nanoribbons under uniaxial strain' by Hui-Min Ni et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2023, https://doi.org/10.1039/d2cp05066h.

3.
Bone ; : 116680, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702335

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the main lethal disease among females, and metastasis to lung and bone poses a serious threat to patients' life. Therefore, identification of novel molecular mediators that can potentially be exploited as therapeutic targets for treating osteolytic bone metastases is needed. A murine model of breast cancer bone metastasis was developed by injection of 4 T1.2 cells into the left ventricle and hence directly into the arterial system leading to bone. AEP (Asparagine endopeptidase) inhibitor combined with epirubicin or epirubicin alone was administered by intraperitoneal injection into animal model. The presence of bone metastatic and osteolytic lesions in bone were assessed by bioluminescent imaging and X-rays analysis. The expression of EMT (Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition) relevant genes were examined by Western blotting. Cell migration and invasion were investigated with a transwell assay. Compound BIC-113, small molecule inhibitors of AEP, inhibited AEP enzymatic activity in breast cancer cell lines, and affected invasion and migration of cancer cells, but had no effect on cell growth. In animal model of breast cancer bone metastasis, compound BIC-113 combined with epirubicin inhibited breast cancer bone metastasis and attenuated breast cancer osteolytic lesions in bone by inhibiting osteoclast differentiation and EMT. These results indicate that compound BIC-113 combined with epirubicin has the potential to be used in breast cancer therapy by preventing bone metastasis via improving E-cadherin expression and inhibition of osteoclast formation.

4.
ACS Synth Biol ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649530

RESUMO

Yeast surface display is an appealing technique for constructing multienzyme cascades. This technique is commonly achieved using a scaffold for the ordered arrangement of various enzymes. However, this method is typically complicated because scaffold use may engender extra metabolic burden on the cell host. Here, we established a direct yeast surface codisplay strategy by employing two complementary anchor motifs, Agα1 and Pir1. These motifs allow for the codisplay of sequential uridine diphosphate-glycosyltransferase (UGT) and sucrose synthase (SUS) on the surface of Pichia pastoris (syn. Komagataella phaffii) for the glycosylation of natural products. We manipulated the displayed stoichiometry, amount, and assembly order of UGT and SUS by coupling them with anchor motifs. Furthermore, their effect on enzyme activity was thoroughly investigated. The surface-codisplayed strain UGT-Pir-SUS-Agα exhibited greater thermostability than the single-displayed strains and their free counterparts. Moreover, the strain UGT-Pir-SUS-Agα was successfully applied to glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) glycosylation to produce GA-3-O-Glc, with sucrose being the sugar donor in this process. This generated 7.5- to 20- and 5.3-fold higher GA-3-O-Glc concentration compared with the free counterparts (enzyme mass loading of 20-fold in excess) and mixed single-displayed strains of UGT-Agα and SUS-Pir, respectively. This increase was due to the improved biochemical properties and substrate channeling effect of strain UGT-Pir-SUS-Agα. This controllable direct surface codisplay strategy, based on complementary anchor motifs, is readily extendable to other enzyme cascades.

5.
Appl Nurs Res ; 69: 151648, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635005

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the prevalence and predictors of compassion satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, and burnout among Chinese hospice nurses. BACKGROUND: Because of prolonged and continual contact with suffering, deaths, and grief, hospice nurses may be vulnerable to emotional burdens and have difficulty maintaining their professional quality of life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 478 hospice nurses were selected from 24 medical institutions in Sichuan province. Demographic, work-related information and work-related trauma questionnaire, the Chinese version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Chinese version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, and the Chinese version of the Professional Quality of Life Scale for Nurses were used for collecting data. RESULTS: The mean scores of compassion satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, and burnout were 34.89 ± 6.21, 26.35 ± 5.24, and 24.49 ± 5.01, respectively. Job satisfaction, perspective-taking, empathic concern, working in tertiary hospitals, and adopting cognitive reappraisal strategy were positively associated with compassion satisfaction, while personal distress was a negative factor, all variables explaining 50.7 % of the variance. Higher burnout was found among nurse who had higher personal distress, worked in secondary or primary hospitals, worked >8 h per day and caring for >10 dying patients last month. In addition, job satisfaction, social support, perspective-taking, empathic concern, and cognitive reappraisal were identified as significant protectors, explaining 50.1 % of the variance. We also found that lower job satisfaction, higher personal distress, higher expressive suppression, lack of social support, senior nurses, and cared for >10 dying patients last month, were positively related to secondary traumatic stress. However, cognitive reappraisal had negative associations. These seven factors explained 32.0 % of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: Hospice care has specific characteristics and hospice nurses may suffer from more work-related stressors compared with other nurses. Our study may provide clues to help nursing administrators identify hospice nurses who are at higher risk of compassion fatigue and design targeted interventions focused on potential risk factors and protectors to improve hospice nurses' compassion satisfaction, while reducing compassion fatigue.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Empatia , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação Pessoal
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 448: 130807, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709734

RESUMO

The separation and purification of complex and stable stubborn oily sewage is extremely challenging. To respond to this challenge, we developed a powerful flexible filter with ultrahigh strength, durability, flux, separation efficiency, and a multiobjective separation function based on a universal epitaxial growth process of glass fiber fabric (Gf). The underwater oil contact angle (UOCA) of the silicate@Gf (MgSi@Gf) filter is 156.3°, so it can achieve both an ultrahigh permeation flux (5632.7 L·m-2·h-1) and oil-water separation efficiency (99.5%) under gravity (≈ 1 kPa) in purifying surfactant-stabilized emulsions, actual industrial oily sewage and mechanical cold rolling emulsions. The filter with a high tensile strength (66.5 MPa) and oil invasion pressure (4626 Pa) can withstand the impact of much sewage or intense water flow. The filter can tolerate extreme conditions and can maintain high separation performance in acid or alkaline (pH 1-13), high or low temperature (100 °C, 200 °C, -18 °C) conditions or natural salty waters such as seawater. The filter can remove methylene blue (MB) dye (99.8%) by filtration, and can be repeatedly and easily reconstructed (renewable advantage). The filter shows great potential for efficiently eliminating the hazards of contaminants in actual oily sewage and thus protect human health.

7.
J Biotechnol ; 363: 32-39, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610479

RESUMO

As an easily obtained organic waste, by-product acetic acid could be an appropriate co-substrate with blue algae wastes (increase C/N ratio of substrates) for co-fermentation of PHA production. However, there are still acrylic acid and other chemicals in by-product acetic acid, which could cause severe inhibition for fermenting microorganisms during PHA production process. The current study represented that alkali pretreatment (pH level of 12) is a more favorable method compared with thermal pretreatment (80 â„ƒ for 30 min) for breaking cell walls of blue algae. It seemed that there was no synergistic effect of the combination of thermal and alkali pretreatment methods (temperature of 80 â„ƒ and pH level of 12). Optimal parameters during electro-fenton process for removal of inhibitors in by-product acetic acid were under current of 0.5 A, pH level of 3 and reaction time of 120 min. Both the highest dry weight of PHA and PHA concentration were achieved by applying blue algae and by-product acetic acid (after pretreatment) as co-substrates (mixed ratio of 3:1, stirring speed of 200 r/min, 24 h), indicating that using by-product acetic acid (after pretreatment) as co-substrate could increase C/N ratio and promote PHA production successfully. The current study could offer new insights for improving PHA production by co-fermentation.

8.
Plant Dis ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691266

RESUMO

Grape anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum spp. is an economically important disease in most vineyards during rainy and humid weather. In June 2021, widespread anthracnose was observed in leaves of Vitis vinifera cv. Red Globe in Yangling city (latitude = 34.28, longitude = 108.07), Shaanxi Province. Diseased plants exhibited circular brown necrotic lesions with yellow borders in young leaves (Fig. 1A). Approximately 80% of the 75 grape plants showed disease symptoms that were consistent with those previously reported for anthracnose on grape caused by C. acutatum, C. gloeosporioides, and C. viniferum (Hong et al. 2008; Oo and Oh 2017). To isolate the pathogen, ten diseased leaves were collected. Small pieces (0.5 mm × 0.5 mm) of symptomatic tissue were surface sterilized with 75% alcohol for 30 s, transferred to 4% NaClO for 2 min, and then washed twice with sterile distilled water. The pathogen was isolated and cultured on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25 °C with a 12 h light/dark photoperiod. Hyphal tips of the isolate were transferred to fresh PDA after 1 day. Acervuli were formed after 15 days on PDA. The colonies were single-spored to obtain pure cultures. Pure cultures on PDA appear white to grey, and the reverse of the colonies was olive gray or yellowish white (Fig. 1B, C). Conidia were single-celled, hyaline, straight cylindrical with ends rounded, and measured 12.50 to 17.78 µm (length) (mean=15.19 µm, n=50) × 3.66 to 5.82 µm (width) (mean=4.48 µm, n=50) (Fig. 1D). The morphological characteristics matched the previous descriptions of C. gloeosporioides by Sawant et al. (2012). For molecular identification, genomic DNA was extracted from isolate YLRG13, and the actin (ACT), internal transcribed spacer (ITS), and beta-tubulin (TUB2) were amplified using the primer pairs ACT-512F/ACT-783R (Carbone and Kohn 1999), ITS1F/ITS4 (White et al. 1990), and T1/T2 (O' Donnell and Cigelnik 1997), respectively. The ACT (OQ031183 and MZ686707), ITS (OP999326 and MZ669974), and TUB2 (OQ031184 and MZ686708) nucleotide sequences of isolates YLRG5 and YLRG13 were deposited in GenBank. BLASTn showed 99 to 100% similarity with C. gloeosporioides. Neighbor-joining trees based on the three genes was constructed using PAUP version 4.0b10. The results showed the isolated YLRG5 and YLRG13 from V. vinifera was closely related to C. gloeosporioides with high bootstrap values (Fig. S2). Pathogenicity testing was performed with isolate YLRG13 by 10 µL conidial suspension (4×108 conidia/ml) on the surfaces of five wounded detached leaves of six-year-old Vitis vinifera cv. Red Globe. Sterile distilled water was used as a control. Inoculated plants were placed in a humid chamber at 25 °C. Conidial germination was observed at 24 hours post-inoculation (Fig. S1E). Four days after inoculation, typical anthracnose symptoms developed on inoculated grape leaves (Fig. S1F). No symptoms were observed on the controls. The fungus reisolated from the symptomatic grape leaves showed the same morphological characteristics of the inoculated isolate, fulfilling Koch's postulates. To our knowledge, this is the first report of grape anthracnose caused by C. gloeosporioides in Northwestern of China. C. gloeosporioides was reported causing anthracnose on a wide variety of horticultural crops, such as almond, avocado, apple, banana, cashew, citrus, cucumber, grape, guava, mango, onion, papaya, passion fruit, pepper, strawberry, tomato, and watermelon (Sharma and Kulshrestha 2015), suggesting the potential cross-infection between grape and other horticultural crops.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 27(1): 113-126, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36515567

RESUMO

A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying PD-L1 aberrant expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) will help reveal predictive biomarkers and overcome resistance to treatment. In this study, the prognostic significance of PD-L1 in forty-five HNSCC archival samples was determined by qRT-PCR. The biological function associated with malignant behaviour was assessed by PD-L1 depletion, miR-382-3p re-expression and regulation of circ_0000052. The interactions of PD-L1-miRNA and miRNA-circRNA were determined by qRT-PCR, Western blot analysis, dual-luciferase reporter assays and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. PD-L1 was highly expressed in patient samples and cancer cell lines. Higher levels of PD-L1 were associated with patient recurrences and play a pivotal role in regulating cell proliferation, migration, invasion, clonogenicity and apoptosis. In addition to demonstrating that the IFN-γ/JAK2/STAT1 signalling pathway can induce PD-L1 overexpression in HNSCC, a novel mechanism by which upregulated circ_0000052 mediates PD-L1 overexpression was also demonstrated. To do this, circ_0000052 competitively binds to miR-382-3p and alleviates its repression of PD-L1. This leads to overexpression of PD-L1, causing the aggressiveness of the cells. Our data demonstrate that circ_0000052 is oncogenic, and the circ_0000052/miR-382-3p/PD-L1 axis is critical in HNSCC progression. The manipulation of circRNAs/miRNAs in combination with anti-PD-L1 therapy may improve personalized disease management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Evasão da Resposta Imune , MicroRNAs/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética
10.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510421

RESUMO

Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) is an economically important crop in Zhejiang, China. In the autumn of 2021, crown necrobiosis and angular leaf spot was observed in commercial strawberry fields (cultivar 'fenyu') in Cixi, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China (N30°9'55″, E121°21'13″). The disease incidence ranged from 5 to 8 % in the field, but could reach 50 to 60 % in some heavily affected plastic tunnels. In the affected field, this disease could reduce strawberry production by 50%. Early symptoms were water-soaked lesions around the vein of the abaxial leaves; subsequently, reddish-brown irregular spots and coalesced lesions developed. In humid conditions, a sticky bacterial ooze exuding from lesions was observed. Finally, the crown of the diseased plant was necrotized, and several pockets were observed inside the crown after dissection. To isolate the causal agent, the infected leaves and crown tissues from six different plants were surface-sterilized with 75% ethanol for 1 min, rinsed twice with sterile distilled water, cut into small pieces, and soaked in 5 ml of sterile distilled water for 20 min. The supernatant from the cut-up pieces was serially diluted and spread on nutrient agar medium. After 2 to 3 days at 28℃, several yellow colonies were grown on the medium. The colonies from five infected plants were gram-negative, anaerobic rods, yellow, viscous, and gloss, which are typical characteristics of Erwinia anana (Wells et al. 1986). To confirm the identity of the causal bacteria, PCR was conducted for six randomly selected colonies to amplify 16S rRNA (Monciardini et al. 2002), fusA, and gyrB (Stice et al. 2002). The amplicons were sequenced and blasted, and the results showed that the six colonies were identical. The 16S rRNA, fusA, gyrB sequences of the isolate CM3 were deposited in GenBank with accession number ON754076.1, OP587277, and OP587278; BLAST search showed 99.93% (1445 bp out of 1446 bp), 100% (746 bp out of 746 bp), 99.64% (1371 bp out of 1376 bp) similarity with strains of Pantoea ananatis (KT741001.1, MH015093.1 and CP066803.1 accessions, respectively). The resulting concatenated data set of 16S rRNA-fusA-gyrB was used to build a multilocus phylogenetic analysis (MLSA) by maximum likelihood criteria. The MLSA tree indicated that the isolate CM3 belonged to Pantoea ananatis. The isolate's identity was further confirmed by P. ananatis-specific primers pagyrB-F/R (Xiao et al. 2022). Thus, this isolate was designated as P. ananatis CM3. To fulfill Koch's postulates, two old leaves were broken off each of the ten 2-month-old strawberry (cultivar 'fenyu') plants to create wounds, each plants was sprayed with a cell suspension of P. ananatis (107CFU/ml, 0.5 ml) on the stem base. Ten plants were sprayed with water to serve as a control. All plants were kept at 28/25°C (day/night) under a 12-h/12-h photoperiod. All plants were covered with transparent plastic bags to maintain humidity. After 48 h, the bags were removed. After 2 weeks, water-soaked lesions on some leaves were observed similar to those in the field . Three to five weeks after inoculation, the crown of the inoculated plants was necrotized, which was similar to the symptoms in the field. No symptoms were observed in the control plants. The experiment was repeated three times. The bacteria were successfully reisolated from the inoculated crown tissues and leaves and confirmed as CM3 according to the same methodologies used for the initial identification. Bacterial leaf blight in strawberry caused by Pantoea ananatis has been reported in Nova Scotia, Canada, and Egypt (Bajpai et al. 2019; Abdel-Gaied et al. 2022). To our knowledge, this is the first report of Pantoea ananatis causing crown necrobiosis on strawberry in China. This report provides a basis for further research on this disease and its management and control.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(2): 203-206, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476996

RESUMO

In the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO, controlling the binding of the *COOH intermediate is key to adjusting the selectivity and catalytic activity of the CO product. Herein, we report that CN vacancies were used to control the binding of the *COOH intermediate on a Co PBA-VCN catalyst treated by H2 cold plasma bombardment to improve the CO2RR into CO. The CN vacancies can tune the local electronic structure and coordination environment of CoIII-CN-CoII (Co-PBA-VCN) with a high CO faradaic efficiency close to 100% with remarkable durability (>87 h), and a low onset overpotential of 0.17 V in CO2RR. The steric effects of the VCN can decrease the free energy barrier of the rate limiting step for the formation of *COOH which can further crack into *CO on the active site of the Co near the VCN. This work provides a new strategy to tune the binding of the *COOH intermediate on the catalyst surface by new vacancies of VCN to enhance the CO2RR into a single product.

12.
Biomed Eng Online ; 21(1): 89, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Icariin (ICA), a main active ingredient of Herba Epimedium, could promote bone formation, inhibit bone resorption and alleviate inflammatory responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ICA on the inhibition of bacteria associated with peri-implantitis, and fabricate a calcium phosphate cement (CPC) with ICA-loaded gelatin microspheres (GMs) as a local drug delivery system efficiently promoting bone formation and alleviating inflammation. RESULTS: In this study, ICA exhibited antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis with a MIC value of 1 × 10-4 mol/L. When the concentration of ICA was 0.5 mM, the encapsulation efficiency of GMs reached the maximum value of 76.26 ± 3.97%. GMs with ICA revealed a controlled release profile, 0.5 mM ICA exhibited a higher ICA release profile than the other groups during a 21 d monitoring span. The results of SEM and XRD demonstrated successful fabrication of a calcium phosphate cement with ICA-loaded GMs. ICA released from CPC/GMs (ICA) was slower than ICA released from GMs within 10 days. CPC/GMs (ICA) exhibited antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis, but the antibacterial rate of CPC/GMs (ICA) was only 17.15 ± 6.06%. In addition, CPC/GMs (ICA) promoted the proliferation of BMSCs and significantly stimulated the differentiation and maturation of BMSCs. In vivo, H&E and Masson staining experiments demonstrated that CPC/GMs (ICA) exhibited better capacity for bone regeneration than CPC/GMs and CPC, and the expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß in the tissue around CPC/GMs (ICA) was significantly lower than CPC/GMs and CPC in IHC staining (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, ICA exhibited limited antibacterial activity against bacteria associated with peri-implantitis. A composite material of calcium phosphate cement with ICA-loaded gelatin microspheres was developed, which not only promoting osteoinductivity and bone formation, but also alleviating inflammation, demonstrating its potential as a promising bone substitute material for treatment of peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Gelatina , Peri-Implantite , Humanos , Microesferas , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Regeneração Óssea , Cimentos Ósseos/farmacologia
13.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(8): e814-e818, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409855

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cerebellopontine angle meningiomas (CPAMs) are benign tumors that arise from the dura mater of the petrosal surface of the temporal bone, lateral to the trigeminal nerve. This study aimed to describe 1 case of CPAMs violating the mastoid and highlight the unique superiority of the presigmoid transmastoid approach for this type of CPAMs from an otologist's perspective. METHODS: One case of specific CPAMs treated by total resection via presigmoid transmastoid approach in otomicrosurgery was described. RESULTS: A patient was referred for the left intracranial space-occupying lesion found in physical examination. Surgical resection via presigmoid transmastoid approach was performed and there was no sign of recurrence of tumor 2 years after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Presigmoid transmastoid approach in otomicrosurgery is suitable for CPAMs invading the mastoid. It is suggested that neurosurgeons and ear surgeons should comprehensively analyze the type and extent of the tumor and flexibly adopt surgical methods to ensure it is the best for patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Neuroma Acústico , Humanos , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Ângulo Cerebelopontino/diagnóstico por imagem , Ângulo Cerebelopontino/cirurgia , Ângulo Cerebelopontino/patologia , Otorrinolaringologistas , Neoplasias Cerebelares/patologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia
14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(10): 2670-2678, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384601

RESUMO

In order to understand the interspecific and ecological relationships of Michelia odora (extremely small population) community and strengthen the protection of wild M. odora resources in Junzifeng Nature Reserve, we studied the niche characteristics and interspecific associations of dominant tree species. The results showed that M. odora, Machilus chekiangensis, Schima superba, and Alniphyllum fortunei had obvious niche breadth advantages, which were the constructive species of the community. Among the 190 groups of species pairs among the 20 dominant tree species, 50.5% of species pairs had niche overlap value greater than 0.5. The degree of ecological niche differentiation among species was general. M. odora had large niche overlap with other 19 species, indicating a competitive risk when resources were insufficient. The overall associations of dominant tree species were significantly positive, indicating the community was at the late stage of relatively stable succession. The results ofχ2 test, asso-ciation coefficient, and Pearson correlation coefficient showed that all the significance ratios of interspecific association were lower, and that the independence among species was relatively strong. There was a positive correlation between interspecific association and niche overlap. The M. odora community was relatively mature, with full utilization of resources and stable interspecific relationship. To promote the rejuvenation and create a good habitat of M. odora population, the population size with large overlap with M. odora niche and significant negative association could be appropriately limited, while that with positive interaction could be increased.


Assuntos
Magnoliaceae , Theaceae , Árvores , Ecossistema , Densidade Demográfica
15.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 23(11): 899-914, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to observe the clinical and immune response characteristics of vaccinated persons infected with the delta variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Yangzhou, China. METHODS: We extracted the medical data of 129 patients with delta-variant infection who were admitted to Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital (Yangzhou, China) between August and September, 2021. The patients were grouped according to the number of vaccine doses received into an unvaccinated group: a one-dose group and a two-dose group. The vaccine used was SARS-CoV-2-inactivated vaccine developed by Sinovac. We retrospectively analyzed the patients' epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and imaging data. RESULTS: Almost all patients with delta-variant infection in Yangzhou were elderly, and patients with severe/critical illness were over 70 years of age. The rates of severe/critical illness (P=0.006), fever (P=0.025), and dyspnea (P=0.045) were lower in the two-dose group than in the unvaccinated group. Compared to the unvaccinated group, the two-dose group showed significantly higher lymphocyte counts and significantly lower levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and D-dimer during hospitalization and a significantly higher positive rate of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies at admission (all P<0.05). The cumulative probabilities of hospital discharge and negative virus conversion were also higher in the two-dose group than in the unvaccinated group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Two doses of the SARS-CoV-2-inactivated vaccine were highly effective at limiting symptomatic disease and reducing immune response, while a single dose did not seem to be effective.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Estado Terminal , Imunidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Virais/efeitos adversos
16.
Inflamm Res ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-dependent nuclear receptor and highly expressed in human and rodent lungs. 15-Deoxy-delta-12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), known for cyclopentenone prostaglandin, is the endogenous ligand of PPARγ. However, the associations among PPARγ, 15d-PGJ2 and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were unclear. METHODS: All 130 fasting blood samples and 40 lung specimens were obtained from COPD patients and control subjects. Serum 15d-PGJ2 was detected by ELISA. The expressions of oxidative stress indicators were measured using western blotting and PPARγ nuclei were evaluated with immunohistochemistry in lungs. The associations among serum 15d-PGJ2, pulmonary PPARγ and oxidative stress indicators, and COPD were estimated. RESULTS: Serum 15d-PGJ2 was reduced in COPD patients compared with healthy volunteers. Linear and logistic regression analysis indicated that serum 15d-PGJ2 was positively associated with pulmonary function in COPD patients. In addition, PPARγ-positive nuclei were reduced and oxidative stress indicators, included HO-1 and NOX-4, were increased in lungs of COPD patients. Further correlative analysis suggested that pulmonary function parameters was positively correlated with serum 15d-PGJ2 and pulmonary PPARγ-positive nuclei, inversely related to oxidative stress indicators in lungs of COPD patients. Pretreatment with 15d-PGJ2 obviously attenuated TNFα-induced oxidative stress in BEAS-2B cells. CONCLUSIONS: Serum 15d-PGJ2 and pulmonary PPARγ are reduced, and oxidative stress is elevated in COPD patients. Serum 15d-PGJ2 is inversely associated with oxidative stress in COPD patients.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 248: 114280, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375368

RESUMO

The negative impact of banned pesticides is of special importance for their high toxicity. In this study, nationwide screening of banned pesticides in 37462 fruit and vegetable samples was carried out from 2012 to 2018 using a self-developed HPLC-Q-TOF/MS technique. The dietary exposure risks associated with the banned pesticides were assessed. The results showed that 66.62 % of the samples were detected at least one pesticide. Among the pesticide-positive samples, a total of 18 banned pesticides were detected in 1798 samples for 1896 times. The risk assessment revealed that 11.71 % of the positive detections exceeded the safety limits and posed an unacceptable risk, while 37.29 % of the positive detections posed acceptable risks. According to the screening and assessment results, two national maps were presented to show the total detection ratios of the banned pesticides and the unacceptable risks of dietary exposure. It should be noted that omethoate had higher residual concentration, unacceptable risk frequency and unacceptable risk proportion. This is the first nationwide comprehensive report on screening and risk assessment banned pesticides.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Verduras , Frutas/química , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Praguicidas/análise , Exposição Dietética , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Resíduos de Praguicidas/toxicidade , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Medição de Risco , China
18.
ACS Omega ; 7(43): 39019-39027, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340137

RESUMO

Aiming at the disadvantages of high cost, complex processes, low yield, and narrow bandwidth of carbon-based microwave absorbing materials, this paper provides a novel and efficient method for synthesizing metal oxide/carbonized bamboo fibers using renewable natural bamboo fibers as a carbon source. The results suggested that the metal oxides such as NiO and Fe3O4 were uniformly dispersed on the carbonized bamboo fibers and proved that the dielectric component NiO and magnetic component Fe3O4 can significantly improve the microwave absorption performance of the carbonized bamboo fibers. As expected, the NiO/carbonized bamboo fibers showed excellent microwave absorption performance due to the appropriate complex permittivity, high impedance matching, and attenuation coefficient. A wide effective bandwidth of 6.4 GHz with 2.2 mm thickness is achieved, covering the entire Ku-band. Remarkably, the reflection loss (RL) values less than -10 dB covered the whole X-band at a thickness of 3.0 mm. This work reveals the potential of carbonized bamboo fibers-based composite as an economic and broadband microwave absorbent and offers a new strategy for designing promising microwave absorption materials.

19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 131: 891-897, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334700

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary Bovine lactoferricin (LFcinB) on the growth performance and non-specific immunity in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Five experimental diets were 1.0‰ Bovine lactoferricin (LCB1); 1.5‰ Bovine lactoferricin (LCB1.5); 2.0‰ Bovine lactoferricin (LCB2); 2.5‰ Bovine lactoferricin (LCB2.5); the control group, basal diet without Bovine lactoferricin. A total of 600 prawns were randomly assigned to 5 groups in triplicate in 15 tanks for an 8-week feeding trial. The results showed the final weight, weight gain rate, specific growth rate and survival rate of prawns in the treatment groups were significantly improved versus the control (P < 0.05). The feed conversion ratio was reduced significantly in treatment groups compared to the control (P < 0.05). Compared with the control, alkaline phosphatase (AKP), acid phosphatase (ACP), lysozyme (LZM), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in the hepatopancreas of the treatment groups were significantly enhanced, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content was reduced significantly (P < 0.05). Compared with the control, the relative expression levels of AKP, ACP, LZM, CAT, SOD, Hsp70, peroxiredoxin-5, Toll, dorsal and relish genes were significantly higher among treatment groups, except for the AKP gene in the LCB1 group and the Hsp70 gene in the LCB1.5 group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control, the relative expression levels of TOR, 4E-BP, eIF4E1α and eIF4E2 genes were significantly enhanced in the LCB1.5 group (P < 0.05). When resistance against Vibrio parahaemolyticus in prawn is considered, higher doses of Bovine lactoferricin show better antibacterial ability. The present study indicated that dietary Bovine lactoferricin could significantly improve the growth performance and improve the antioxidative status of M. rosenbergii. The suitable addition level is 1.5 g/kg. LFcinB has great potential as a new feed additive without the threat of drug resistance.

20.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 23(1): 459, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-target interactions (DTIs) prediction becomes more and more important for accelerating drug research and drug repositioning. Drug-target interaction network is a typical model for DTIs prediction. As many different types of relationships exist between drug and target, drug-target interaction network can be used for modeling drug-target interaction relationship. Recent works on drug-target interaction network are mostly concentrate on drug node or target node and neglecting the relationships between drug-target. RESULTS: We propose a novel prediction method for modeling the relationship between drug and target independently. Firstly, we use different level relationships of drugs and targets to construct feature of drug-target interaction. Then, we use line graph to model drug-target interaction. After that, we introduce graph transformer network to predict drug-target interaction. CONCLUSIONS: This method introduces a line graph to model the relationship between drug and target. After transforming drug-target interactions from links to nodes, a graph transformer network is used to accomplish the task of predicting drug-target interactions.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Interações Medicamentosas
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