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1.
J Mass Spectrom ; : e4650, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043550

RESUMO

A fully automated method for identification and quantification of five polar pesticides in groundwater by isotope dilution-online solid-phase extraction (SPE) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry was developed. After one step of filtration, an aliquot of a 7.5-ml water sample was automatedly preconcentrated and purified on a turbulent Cyclone SPE column. The analytes were eluted in backflush mode, then separated on an analytical column and acquired by full MS/dd-MS2 scan in negative and positive ions mode. The major parameters for sample loading, cleanup, and elution were optimized in detail. Preconcentration and ionization efficiency were highly improved by using 0.1% acid solution in the mobile phase. The method provided good linearity of calibration coefficients (R2 > 0.995), sensitive method limits of detection (0.5-10.0 ng/L), accurate mass spectra (within 5 ppm error), satisfactory matrix spiking recoveries (98.4% to 109%), and high precision (intraday/interday relative standard deviations 1.57-8.90%). The method was successfully applied to analyze large batch groundwater of National Groundwater Monitoring Project and suspect screening of potential pesticides in groundwater. The study provided a practical alternative for a simple, robust, sensitive, and accurate identification and qualification of five polar pesticides in groundwater.

2.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 8856722, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061952

RESUMO

In this review, we present evidence about the changes of the GABAergic system on the hippocampus under the ischemic environment, which may be an underlying mechanism to the ischemia-induced cognitive deficit. GABAergic system, in contrast to the glutamatergic system, is considered to play an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system over the past several decades. It has received widespread attention in the area of schizophrenia and epilepsy. The GABAergic system has a significant effect in promoting neural development and formation of local neural circuits of the brain, which is the structural basis of cognitive function. There have been a number of reviews describing changes in the GABAergic system in cerebral ischemia in recent years. However, no study has investigated the changes in the system in the hippocampus during cerebral ischemic injury, which results in cognitive impairment, particularly at the chronic ischemic stage and the late phase of ischemia. We present a review of the changes of the GABAergic system in the hippocampus under ischemia, including GABA interneurons, extracellular GABA neurotransmitter, and GABA receptors. Several studies are also listed correlating amelioration of cognitive impairment by regulating the GABAergic system in the hippocampus damaged under ischemia. Furthermore, exogenous cell transplantation, which improves cognition by modulating the GABAergic system, will also be described in this review to bring new insight and strategy on solving cognitive deficits caused by cerebral ischemia.

3.
Zootaxa ; 4786(1): zootaxa.4786.1.12, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056504

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Oxyporus Fabricius, 1775 is described based on specimens collected in Yunnan Province, China, namely Oxyporus (Oxyporus) mojiangius Li, sp. nov. from Mojiang County. The number of Oxyporus species worldwide is thus increased to 132. Color images of the habitus and aedeagus of the new species are included. A key to the Oxyporus species of Yunnan Province is provided.

4.
Hum Reprod ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067638

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Do decidua-derived factors stimulate the conversion of circulating neutrophils to polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSCs) in early human pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Circulating neutrophils can acquire PMN-MDSC-like phenotypes and function via phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 5/programmed death ligand 2 (pSTAT5/PD-L2) signalling after stimulation with decidua-derived granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PMN-MDSCs are an important immunoregulatory cell type in early pregnancy. Neutrophils are of high heterogeneity and plasticity and can polarize to immunosuppressive PMN-MDSCs upon stimulation. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: For analysis of myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) subset proportions, 12 endometrium tissues and 12 peripheral blood samples were collected from non-pregnant women, and 40 decidua tissues and 16 peripheral blood samples were obtained from women with normal early pregnancy undergoing elective surgical pregnancy termination for nonmedical reasons with gestation age of 6-10 weeks. Twenty-nine decidua tissues were collected for isolation of CD15+ PMN-MDSCs. Twenty endometrium tissues and 30 decidua tissues were collected for cytokine analysis, immunohistochemistry or neutrophil stimulation. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 36 healthy donors for isolation of CD3+ T cells and CD15+ neutrophils. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The proportion of MDSC subsets in the decidua and peripheral blood of normal early pregnancy, endometrium and peripheral blood of non-pregnant women was analysed by flow cytometry. The phenotypes and function of decidual PMN-MDSCs and circulating neutrophils were compared by flow cytometry. Circulating neutrophils were stimulated with decidual explant supernatant (DES) and the phenotypes were measured by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence. The suppressive capacity of decidual PMN-MDSCs and DES-conditioned neutrophils was analysed by flow cytometry with or without anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) antibody. Cytokines from DES and endometrial explant supernatant (EES) were detected by a Luminex assay. GM-CSF expression was determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Neutrophils were stimulated with DES, EES, DES with anti-GM-CSF antibody or EES with GM-CSF. CD11b, lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), PD-L2 and pSTAT5 expression were measured by flow cytometry. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The frequency of PMN-MDSCs was significantly increased in the decidua of early pregnancy compared with peripheral blood of non-pregnant women, the endometrium of non-pregnant women or peripheral blood during early pregnancy. Decidual PMN-MDSCs suppressed T-cell proliferation and cytokine production. Phenotypes of decidual PMN-MDSCs were similar to mature activated neutrophils. DES-induced CD11b, LOX-1, PD-L2 expression and STAT5 phosphorylation in neutrophils. The PD-L2 expression in neutrophils was dependent on STAT5 phosphorylation. Both decidual PMN-MDSCs and DES-conditioned neutrophils suppressed T-cell proliferation via PD-1 signalling. GM-CSF was up-regulated in the decidua and induced CD11b, LOX-1 and PD-L2 expression on neutrophils. DES significantly induced CD11b, LOX-1, PD-L2 expression and STAT5 phosphorylation. Anti-GM-CSF antibody remarkably blocked such stimulation in neutrophils. EES did not induce CD11b, LOX-1, PD-L2 expression or STAT5 phosphorylation, while GM-CSF treatment sufficiently stimulated CD11b, LOX-1, PD-L2 expression and STAT5 phosphorylation in neutrophils. LARGE SCALE DATA: N/A. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The study was based on in vitro experiments and we were not able to evaluate neutrophils differentiation to PMN-MDSCs in other sites before entering the maternal-foetal interface due to the limited availability of human samples. This needs to be explored using murine models. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: This is the first study demonstrating that decidual PMN-MDSCs are a group of immunoregulatory cells with mature status, and that neutrophils can be induced to a PMN-MDSC-like phenotype with decidua-derived GM-CSF via pSTAT5/PD-L2 signalling. This study indicates that GM-CSF can facilitate immune tolerance of early pregnancy through regulating PMN-MDSCs and further provides a potential role of GM-CSF in prevention and treatment for pregnancy complications. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81671481) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (81871179). All authors have no competing interests to declare.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078404

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, in which angiogenesis is highly required for lung cancer cell growth and metastasis. Genetic regulation of this multistep process is being studied extensively, however, relatively less is known about the epigenetic regulation of angiogenesis in lung cancer. Several epigenetic alterations contribute to regulating angiogenesis, such as epimodifications of DNA, posttranslational modification of histones, and expression of noncoding RNAs. Here, we review the current knowledge of the epigenetic regulation of angiogenesis and discuss the potential clinical applications of epigenetic-based anticancer therapy in lung cancer. Overall, epigenetic-based therapy will likely emerge as a prominent approach to treat lung cancer in the future.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095697

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, gliding, reddish-orange-coloured, rod-shaped strain, designated SR4T, was isolated from surface seawater sampled at Luhuitou fringing reef (South China Sea). Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene, phylogenomic analysis of single-copy gene families and whole genome data affiliated it to the genus Flammeovirga. It was most closely related to Flammeovirga yaeyamensis NBRC 100898T (97.99 % 16S rRNA gene similarity). The genome average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain SR4T and its reference strains were less than 74.2 and 16.3 %, respectively. Growth occurred at 20-35 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 1-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-4 %). The dominant fatty acids were C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C20 : 4 ω6,9,12,15c. The polar lipid profile of strain SR4T comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, two glycolipids, two aminophospholipids and three unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone was MK-7. The DNA G+C content of strain SR4T was 34.20 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence, strain SR4T is proposed as representing a novel species of the genus Flammeovirga, for which the name Flammeovirga agarivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SR4T (=KCTC 82075T=MCCC 1A17137T).

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5843874, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908900

RESUMO

Rhabdoid tumor of the kidney (RTK) is a rare and severely malignant tumor occurring in infancy and early childhood, with the overall outcomes remain poor. Neither gene regulatory networks nor biomarkers to predict the prognostic outcomes have been elucidated in RTK. In this study, RNA sequencing data were obtained to identify differentially expressed messenger RNAs (mRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and microRNAs (miRNAs) between RTK samples and normal samples. A total of 4217 mRNAs, 284 lncRNAs, and 286 miRNAs were screened out. Of those, 103 mRNAs, 80 lncRNAs, and 45 miRNAs were identified for a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network, in which three significant modules were identified. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed, and the hub-gene cluster consisted of four core genes (EXOSC2, PAK1IP1, WDR43, and POLR1D) was selected. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were also performed to analyze the functional characteristics of differentially expressed mRNAs. Subsequently, among 211 mRNAs, 8 lncRNAs, and 12 miRNAs associated with overall survival (OS) obtained by univariate Cox analysis, 5 mRNAs, 7 lncRNAs, and 7 miRNAs were identified and the risk score formulas were constructed correspondingly using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model analysis. The log-rank tests and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to confirm the predictive value of the risk scores for OS in RTK patients. A genomic-clinicopathologic nomogram integrating the stage and risk scores based on RNAs was established and demonstrated high predictive accuracy and clinical value, which was validated through calibration curves, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses, and decision curve analysis (DCA). In conclusion, this study not only provided potential insights into the mechanisms underlying RTK, but also presented a practicable tool for predicting the prognosis in children with RTK.

8.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976211

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Brain source mechanisms of the cortical EEG brainwave at the resting state in the elderly during normal aging are rarely known. To solve the problem, we use a standard low-resolution electromagnetic tomography to explore the brain source mechanisms on the effects of healthy aging on brain function at the resting state. METHODS: Eye-closed EEG signals at resting state were sampled in 13 normal elderly adults and 17 normal young adults. The EEG rhythms by frequency band, delta, theta, alpha 1, alpha 2, beta 1, and beta 2 were of interest for this analysis. Brain sources of these rhythms were estimated by standard low-resolution electromagnetic tomography. RESULTS: Statistical results demonstrated that central, parietal, occipital, and temporal alpha 1 and theta brain sources presented the pattern normal young adults > normal elderly adults (P < 0.05), whereas the global beta 1 and beta 2 brain sources presented the pattern normal elderly adults > normal young adults (P < 0.05). Moreover, the same is true that amplitude of central, parietal, occipital, and temporal alpha 2 brain sources were lower in normal elderly adults compared with those in normal young adults (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results imply that normal aging is linked to cortical neural desynchronization of alpha and delta rhythms and synchronization of beta rhythm in central, parietal, and frontal cortices at resting state.

9.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970934

RESUMO

To explore the characteristics and prognostic significance of genetic mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we screened the gene mutation profile of 171 previously untreated AML patients using a next-generation sequencing technique targeting 127 genes with potential prognostic significance. A total of 390 genetic alterations were identified in 149 patients with a frequency of 87.1%. Younger age and high sensitivity to induction chemotherapy were associated with a lower number of mutations. NPM1 mutation was closely related to DNMT3A and FLT3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutations, but mutually exclusive with ASXL1 mutation and CEBPAdouble mutation . In univariate analysis, ASXL1 or TET2 mutation predicted shorter overall survival (OS) or relapse-free survival (RFS), DNMT3A, FLT3-ITD, or RUNX1 mutation predicted a higher likelihood of remission-induction failure, whereas NRAS mutation or CEBPAdouble mutation predicted longer OS. Concurrent DNMT3A, FLT3-ITD, and NPM1 mutations predicted shorter OS. Hypomethylation agents could improve the OS in patients with DNA methylation-related mutations. According to multivariate analysis, TET2 mutation was recognized as an independent prognostic factors for RFS. In summary, our study provided a detailed pattern of gene mutations and their prognostic relevance in Chinese AML patients based on targeted next-generation sequencing screening.

10.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 641-648, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the psychological status of the staff in a general hospital during the coronavirus disease 2019 and its influential factors, and to provide references for the mental health services to hospital staff. METHODS: Using star platform of questionnaire, the staff in the general hospital were investigated via Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). The influential factors were discussed by descriptive analysis, rank sum test, single factor analysis, correlation analysis and multiple factors binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2 060 valid questionnaires were collected. The negative emotions of nurses and cleaners were the most obvious. The depression scores, anxiety scores and stress scores for nurses and cleaners were 5.06±7.47, 6.36±7.84, 9.75±8.65, and 6.72±8.84, 4.51±6.56, 9.69±9.56, respectively. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that staff types, education levels, job status, economic situation and concerns on the supplies of protective goods were the main influential factors for depression; staff types, contacting status with infected patients, economic situation, concerns on the supplies of protective goods, history of disease were the main influential factors for anxiety; contacting status with infected patients, economic situation, concerns on the supplies of protective goods were the main influential factors for stress. CONCLUSIONS: There are differences in psychological characteristics among different groups of staff in the general hospital under the outbreak. Thus psychological protection and intervention measures should be formulated according to different groups and work status.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Surtos de Doenças , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Fluoresc ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930925

RESUMO

In this article, the characterization, synthesis, as well as the photocatalysis dye degradation performance of two novel silver(I) coordination polymers, namely, [Ag(L)(Hbdc)]n (1, L = 1,4-Bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-yl)butane, H2bdc = 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid) and [Ag2(L)(hip)]n (2, H2hip = 5-Hydroxyisophthalic acid), were investigated. Fascinatingly, the photocatalytic performance of Complexes 1 and 2 have been investigated, wherein Complex 2 is considered an excellent photocatalyst for degrading Rhodamine B/methyl violet/methylene blue mixed organic dyes. Furthermore, the treatment activities of Complexes 1 and 2 on Tic disorder (TD) were assessed when used with haloperidol, and biochemical studies were conducted to reveal the mechanism in detail. Initially, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was carried out to determine the dopamine and high vanillic acid contents in the striatum of the TD animal model. Subsequently, the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was utilized to determine the relative expression of dopamine 1 and 2 receptor.

12.
Pancreatology ; 20(7): 1268-1274, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868182

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/AIM: Pancreatic necrosis occurs in a quarter of patients with acute pancreatitis, many of whom form an acute necrotic collection (ANC). The current standard treatment is to defer percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) until the latter becomes "walled off," which takes approximately four weeks. The majority of patients that develop persistent organ failure (POF), the primary determinant of mortality, do so within four weeks. To defer PCD until after four weeks may result in a worse outcome because of a missed opportunity to treat early infection and thereby reduce the severity and/or duration of POF. This study is aimed to compare the clinical outcome of the current standard approach with early on-demand PCD in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) patients with ANC and POF. METHODS/DESIGN: This is an open-label, multi-center, parallel, randomized, controlled trial. All patients with ANP who develop POF during the first week of onset will be screened for eligibility. In total, 120 study subjects will be randomized to either early on-demand PCD or standard care. Patients assigned to the former will receive PCD when they show signs of decompensation like new-onset OF, aggravation of pre-existent OF, and persistent OF for more than a week. The primary composite endpoint is major complication and/or death. Patients will be followed until discharge or death with an additional follow-up 90 days after randomization. DISCUSSION: This study challenges the standard 4-week delay before PCD and will answer the question whether early on-demand PCD is associated with a lower incidence of major complications and/or death.

13.
Biosci Rep ; 40(9)2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869841

RESUMO

Some microRNAs (miRs or miRNAs) have been reported to function as tumor suppressors in gallbladder cancer (GBC). However, the specific effect of miR-205-5p on GBC remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to unravel the effects of miR-205-5p on the drug resistance in GBC. For this purpose, the expression of miR-205-5p and protein kinase C ϵ (PRKCE) was quantified in the peripheral blood sample harvested from GBC patients and healthy volunteers. Then the relationship between miR-205-5p and PRKCE was validated. After isolating the GBC stem cells, ectopic expression and depletion experiments were conducted to analyze the effect of miR-205-5p and PRKCE on cell proliferation, drug resistance, apoptosis, and colony formation rate as well as the expression of apoptotic factors (Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), and cleaved caspase 3). Finally, the mouse xenograft model of GBC was established to verify the function of miR-205-5p in vivo. Intriguingly, our results manifested that miR-205-5p was down-regulated, while PRKCE was up-regulated in peripheral blood samples and stem cells of patients with GBC. Moreover, miR-205-5p targeted PRKCE and negatively regulated its expression. The overexpression of miR-205-5p or silencing of PRKCE inhibited the drug resistance, proliferation, and colony formation rate while promoting apoptosis of GBC stem cells. Additionally, the overexpression of miR-205-5p attenuated drug resistance to gemcitabine but promoted the gemcitabine-induced cell apoptosis by inhibiting the PRKCE in vivo. Overall, an intimate correlation between miR-205-5p and PRKCE is a key determinant of drug resistance of GBC stem cells, thus, suggesting a novel miR-205-5p-based clinical intervention target for GBC patients.

14.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965690

RESUMO

The application of rational design in reallocating metabolic flux to accumulate desired chemicals is always restricted by the native regulatory network. In this study, recombinant Pichia pastoris was constructed for malic acid production from sole methanol through rational redistribution of metabolic flux. Different malic acid accumulation modules were systematically evaluated and optimized in P. pastoris. The recombinant PP-CM301 could produce 8.55 g/L malic acid from glucose, which showed a 3.45-fold increase compared to the parent strain. To improve the efficiency of site-directed gene knockout, NHEJ-related protein Ku70 was destroyed, whereas leading to the silencing of heterogenous genes. Hence, genes related to by-product generation were deleted via a specially designed FRT/FLP system, which successfully reduced succinic acid and ethanol production. Furthermore, a key node in the methanol assimilation pathway, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase was knocked out to liberate metabolic fluxes trapped in the XuMP cycle, which finally enabled 2.79 g/L malic acid accumulation from sole methanol feeding with nitrogen source optimization. These results will provide guidance and reference for the metabolic engineering of P. pastoris to produce value-added chemicals from methanol.

15.
Mol Cells ; 43(8): 718-727, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868489

RESUMO

The imbalance between the proliferation and apoptosis of B-cell precursors is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), while its specific regulatory mechanism remains perplexing. This study aimed to expound the underlying mechanism of the proliferation and apoptosis of BCP-ALL cells from the perspective of non-coding RNA. In this study, long non-coding RNA colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (LncRNA CRNDE) was upregulated in the bone marrow of BCP-ALL patients and BCP-ALL cell lines (NALM-6 and RS4;11). Functionally, LncRNA CRNDE knockdown restrained cell proliferation and boosted cell apoptosis in NALM-6 and RS4;11 cells. The subsequent investigation confirmed that LncRNA CRNDE bound to miR-345-5p and negatively regulated miR-345-5p expression. The overexpression of miR-345-5p suppressed cell proliferation and boosted cell apoptosis in NALM-6 and RS4;11 cells. Further experiments revealed that miR-345-5p downregulated cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) expression by targeting its mRNA directly. CREB overexpression reversed the effect of miR-345-5p mimic on cell proliferation and apoptosis in NALM-6 and RS4;11 cells. Finally, in vivo experiments showed that LncRNA CRNDE knockdown prolonged the survival of mice xenotransplanted with NALM-6 cells. In conclusion, LncRNA CRNDE upregulated CREB expression by suppressing miR-345-5p, thus promoting cell proliferation and reducing cell apoptosis in BCP-ALL.

16.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 641-648, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-745314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the psychological status of the staff in a general hospital during the coronavirus disease 2019 and its influential factors, and to provide references for the mental health services to hospital staff. METHODS: Using star platform of questionnaire, the staff in the general hospital were investigated via Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). The influential factors were discussed by descriptive analysis, rank sum test, single factor analysis, correlation analysis and multiple factors binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2 060 valid questionnaires were collected. The negative emotions of nurses and cleaners were the most obvious. The depression scores, anxiety scores and stress scores for nurses and cleaners were 5.06±7.47, 6.36±7.84, 9.75±8.65, and 6.72±8.84, 4.51±6.56, 9.69±9.56, respectively. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that staff types, education levels, job status, economic situation and concerns on the supplies of protective goods were the main influential factors for depression; staff types, contacting status with infected patients, economic situation, concerns on the supplies of protective goods, history of disease were the main influential factors for anxiety; contacting status with infected patients, economic situation, concerns on the supplies of protective goods were the main influential factors for stress. CONCLUSIONS: There are differences in psychological characteristics among different groups of staff in the general hospital under the outbreak. Thus psychological protection and intervention measures should be formulated according to different groups and work status.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Surtos de Doenças , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982978

RESUMO

Urinary exosomal miRNAs can reflect the physiological and possibly pathophysiological state of cells lining the kidney and participate in the regulation of transcription and translation of proteins, which are playing an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease. In the present study, urine was collected from DM and DKD patients with a duration more than 10 years and urinary exosomal miRNA profiling was conducted in urinary exosomes obtained from three patients with type 2 diabetes (DM) and three patients with type 2 diabetic kidney disease (DKD) using Exiqon's microRNA arrays. In total, the expression of 14 miRNAs (miR-4491, miR-2117, miR-4507, miR-5088-5P, miR-1587, miR-219a-3p, miR-5091, miR-498, miR-4687-3p, miR-516b-5p, miR-4534, miR-1275, miR-5007-3p, and miR-4516) was up-regulated (>2-fold) in DKD patients compared to healthy controls and DM patients. We used qRT-PCR based analysis of these 14 miRNAs in urinary exosomes from 14 DKD to 14 DM patients in confirmation cohort, among which seven miRNAs were consistent with the microarray results. The expressions of miR-4534 and miR-516b-5p correlated with trace proteinuria levels in the confirmation cohort. In conclusion, it has been confirmed that the expression of urinary exosomal miRNA in patients with type 2 diabetes DKD has changed. Mir-4534 might affect the FoxO signaling pathway by targeting BNIP3, and is expected to become a new biomarker for the progression of type 2 DKD disease, which will provide further research on the pathogenesis of DKD.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991779

RESUMO

Most prostate carcinomas require androgen stimulation to grow, and for nearly 70 years androgen ablation therapy has been one of the central therapeutic strategies against advanced prostate cancer. Although most tumours initially respond to this therapy, some will be acquired resistant and progress to metastatic castration-resistant (mCRPC) disease which clinically tends to progress more rapidly than earlier disease manifestations. The underlying molecular biology of mCRPC is highly complex, and numerous mechanisms have been proposed that promote and retain androgen independence. In various clinical and preclinical data explored, the nature of intracellular signalling pathways mediating mitogenic acquired resistant effects of GPCRs in prostate cancer is poorly defined. G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) contributes to the modulation of basic cellular functions-such as cell proliferation, survival, or motility-and is involved in metabolic homeostasis, inflammation, or angiogenic processes. Moreover, altered GRK2 levels are starting to be reported in different tumoural contexts and shown to promote breast tumourigenesis or to trigger the tumoural angiogenic switch. Thus, we are exploring recent findings that present unexpected opportunities to interfere with major tumourigenic signals by manipulating GPCR-mediated pathways.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22329, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957401

RESUMO

RATIONALE: A supernumerary kidney is an extremely rare renal anomaly. Currently, <100 cases are reported in the literature. There are only 2 right unilateral supernumerary kidneys reported in the literature thus far, but no confirmed cases of urothelial carcinoma in supernumerary kidneys. We report a case of a right supernumerary with urothelial carcinoma, which is, to the best of our knowledge, reported for the first time. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old female patient presented with intermittent, painless, whole course and gross hematuria for about 3 months. Her physical and laboratory examinations did not reveal any significant findings except positive occult blood in routine urine examination. Contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography revealed a dysplastic supernumerary kidney under the normal right kidney. DIAGNOSES: The ureteroscopy showed that the ureter was Y-shaped in the middle part. The medial ureter led to a normal kidney. The lateral ureter was just 2 cm and led to a small cavity in which there was a mass whose biopsy showed urothelial carcinoma. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with a right supernumerary kidney with urothelial carcinoma. INTERVENTION: Nephroureterectomy, including the right normal and supernumerary kidneys, and partial cystectomy by laparoscopy were performed after the ureteroscopy. The patient then received 6 cycles of gemcitabine and cisplatin regimen chemotherapy and regular intravesical epirubicin chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: No recurrence or metastasis was found on follow-up computed tomography performed 13 months postoperatively. LESSONS: A supernumerary kidney is an extremely rare renal anomaly. Malignancy can occur in supernumerary kidneys.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Rim/anormalidades , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Nefroureterectomia , Ureter/anormalidades
20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15723, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973268

RESUMO

Calcium is not only a nutrient necessary for plant growth but also a ubiquitous central element of different signaling pathways. Ca2+ deficiency in soil may cause embryo abortion, which can eventually lead to abnormal development of peanut pods during the harvest season. To further study the mechanisms by which Ca2+ affects the shells and kernels of peanuts, transcriptome sequencing was used to explore the genes differentially expressed in shells and kernels during the early stage of peanut pod development between Ca2+ sufficient and deficient treatments. In this study, 38,894 expressed genes were detected. RNA-seq based gene expression profiling showed a large number of genes at the transcriptional level that changed significantly in shells and kernels between the Ca2+ sufficient and deficient treatments, respectively. Genes encoding key proteins involved in Ca2+ signal transduction, hormones, development, ion transport, and nutrition absorption changed significantly. Meanwhile, in the early stage of pod development, calcium first promoted nutrient absorption and development of shells, which has less effect on the formation of seed kernels. These results provide useful information for understanding the relationship between Ca2+ absorption and pod development.

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