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1.
Cells ; 10(3)2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800849

RESUMO

It has been challenging to simultaneously improve photosynthesis and stress tolerance in plants. Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a CO2-concentrating mechanism that facilitates plant adaptation to water-limited environments. We hypothesized that the ectopic expression of a CAM-specific phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), an enzyme that catalyzes primary CO2 fixation in CAM plants, would enhance both photosynthesis and abiotic stress tolerance. To test this hypothesis, we engineered a CAM-specific PEPC gene (named AaPEPC1) from Agave americana into tobacco. In comparison with wild-type and empty vector controls, transgenic tobacco plants constitutively expressing AaPEPC1 showed a higher photosynthetic rate and biomass production under normal conditions, along with significant carbon metabolism changes in malate accumulation, the carbon isotope ratio δ13C, and the expression of multiple orthologs of CAM-related genes. Furthermore, AaPEPC1 overexpression enhanced proline biosynthesis, and improved salt and drought tolerance in the transgenic plants. Under salt and drought stress conditions, the dry weight of transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing AaPEPC1 was increased by up to 81.8% and 37.2%, respectively, in comparison with wild-type plants. Our findings open a new door to the simultaneous improvement of photosynthesis and stress tolerance in plants.

2.
Eur J Immunol ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811758

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Treg) are known to have a central role in orchestrating immune responses, but less is known about the destiny of regulatory T cells after being activated by specific antigens (Ags). This study aimed to investigate the role of superoxide dismutase, an active molecule in the regulation of oxidative stress in the body, in the prevention of Treg apoptosis induced by specific Ags. Ag-specific Tregs were isolated from the DO11.10 mouse intestine. A food allergy mouse model was developed with ovalbumin as the specific Ag and here, we observed that exposure to specific Ag induced Treg apoptosis through converting the precursor of TGF-ß to its mature form inside the Tregs. Oxidative stress was induced in Tregs upon exposure to specific Ags, in which Smad3 bound the latency-associated peptide to induce its degradation, converting the TGF-ß precursor to its mature form, TGF-ß. Suppressing oxidative stress in Tregs alleviated the specific Ag-induced Treg apoptosis in in vitro experiments and suppressed experimental food allergy by preventing the specific Ag-induced Treg apoptosis in the intestine. In conclusion, exposure to specific Ags induces Treg apoptosis and it can be prevented by up-regulating superoxide dismutase or suppressing reactive oxidative species in Tregs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Front Immunol ; 12: 653356, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796116

RESUMO

Background: Pemphigus is a rare but life-threatening autoimmune skin disease characterized by blistering on skin and/or mucous membranes. The physiological process of blister formation involves IgG antibodies against the desmogleins (Dsgs) and desmocollins (Dscs). Additional autoAbs have also been suggested to mediate the disease heterogeneity, such as anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) and antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg) antibodies, the essential culprits of the immune system in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Purpose: To investigate the levels and antibody positivity of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies in pemphigus patients. Methods: Antibody positivity and levels of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies in pemphigus patients as compared to healthy controls were examined. A meta-analysis was conducted by reviewing six similar studies. Results: 98 Chinese pemphigus patients and 65 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Our meta-analysis revealed a significant correlation between increased presence of positive anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies and pemphigus, particularly for pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Such correlation was also observed in our own hospitalized PV patients, but not in pemphigus foliaceus (PF) patients. In addition, the status of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies were also compared between females and males within PV patients, PF patients or controls, as well as compared for females or males between pemphigus patients and controls. In the analysis of T cell counts, we found abnormal low CD3 + T cell counts (< 690 n/µl) were only detected in patients whose thyroid antibody levels were less than 20 IU/ml. Conclusion: Pemphigus patients showed higher levels and antibody positivity of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies than healthy controls. Further investigations are needed to identify the pathogenic functions of these antibodies in pemphigus, as well as to identify the potential shared susceptibility genes.

4.
J Neurosci ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789918

RESUMO

Drosophila odorant receptors (Ors) are ligand gated ion channels composed of a common receptor subunit ORCO (odorant receptor co-receptor) and one of 62 'tuning' receptor subunits that confer odorant specificity to olfactory neuron responses. Like other sensory systems studied to date, exposing Drosophila olfactory neurons to activating ligands results in reduced responses to subsequent exposures through a process called desensitization. We recently showed that phosphorylation of serine 289 on the common odorant receptor subunit ORCO is required for normal peak olfactory neuron responses. Dephosphorylation of this residue occurs upon prolonged odorant exposure, and underlies the slow modulation of olfactory neuron responses we term 'slow desensitization'. Slow desensitization results in the reduction of peak olfactory neuron responses and flattening of dose-response curves, implicating changes in ORCOS289 phosphorylation state as an important modulator of olfactory neuron responses. Here, we report the identification of the primary kinase responsible for ORCOS289 phosphorylation, PKC98E. Antiserum localizes the kinase to the dendrites of the olfactory neurons. Deletion of the kinase from olfactory neurons in the naïve state (the absence of prolonged odor exposure) reduces ORCOS289 phosphorylation and reduces peak odorant responses without altering receptor localization or expression levels. Genetic rescue with a PKC98E predicted to be constitutively active restores ORCO S289 phosphorylation and olfactory neuron sensitivity to the PKC98E mutants in the naïve state. However, the dominant kinase is defective for slow desensitization. Together, these findings reveal that PKC98E is an important regulator of ORCO receptors and olfactory neuron function.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT We have identified PKC98E as the kinase responsible for phosphorylation of the Odorant Receptor Co-Receptor (ORCO) at S289 that is required for normal odorant response kinetics of olfactory neurons. This is a significant step toward revealing the enzymology underlying the regulation of odorant response regulation in insects.

5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 558565, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791264

RESUMO

Background: The world faced crises of prevention and control and shortage of medical resources during the COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) outbreak. The establishment of temporary integrated isolation wards in hospitals, which is universal and representative in China, is one of the most-effective strategies in solving these problems according to China's experiences. Aim: To conduct a preliminary study on the establishment of a temporary integrated isolation ward during the outbreak of COVID-19 and to evaluate related impact. Methods: SWOT analysis was used to analyze the advantages, disadvantages, opportunities, and risks in the establishment of the temporary integrated isolation ward, and corresponding corrective measures were made according to the analysis results. Findings: The ward has formulated more than 10 related work procedures and prevention and control measures. A total of 93 patients with 18 critically ill patients were admitted for treatment and isolation. They were all evaluated based on established procedures and protocols. Twenty-four supplementary nucleic acid tests were ordered and conducted. One new patient with COVID-19 was confirmed and was successfully transferred to the designated COVID-19 infectious control hospital. There were no missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis, no cross-infection of patients, no cluster outbreak, and no infection of medical workers during the entire process. Conclusion: SWOT analysis is helpful in guiding the establishment of a temporary integrated isolation ward and the formulation of prevention and control measures in Hebei General Hospital during the COVID-19 outbreak. It provides the guidance and reference of significance for the establishment of similar types of wards in the future.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0246988, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730031

RESUMO

Microfluidic-based assays have become effective high-throughput approaches to examining replicative aging of budding yeast cells. Deep learning may offer an efficient way to analyze a large number of images collected from microfluidic experiments. Here, we compare three deep learning architectures to classify microfluidic time-lapse images of dividing yeast cells into categories that represent different stages in the yeast replicative aging process. We found that convolutional neural networks outperformed capsule networks in terms of accuracy, precision, and recall. The capsule networks had the most robust performance in detecting one specific category of cell images. An ensemble of three best-fitted single-architecture models achieves the highest overall accuracy, precision, and recall due to complementary performances. In addition, extending classification classes and data augmentation of the training dataset can improve the predictions of the biological categories in our study. This work lays a useful framework for sophisticated deep-learning processing of microfluidic-based assays of yeast replicative aging.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756452

RESUMO

Antidepressants are widely used nowadays. Due to the potential detrimental consequences and involvement in forensic cases, therapeutic drug monitoring of antidepressants is desired. Herein we report a method for sensitive determination of 13 commonly used antidepressants in blood. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method with supported liquid extraction (SLE) was developed for analysis of imipramine, desipramine, fluoxetine, norfluoxetine, paroxetine, maprotiline, sertraline, citalopram, clomipramine, trazodone, doxepin, clozapine and amitriptyline in this study. The limits of detection (LODs) are in the range of 0.0003-0.003 ng/mL, which are lower than other reported methods by several orders of magnitude. The linear ranges are 0.01-200 ng/mL for norfluoxetine, paroxetine and doxepin, while the linear ranges are 0.001-200 ng/mL for the rest antidepressants. The correlation coefficients are over 0.99. Extraction recoveries (ER) ranging in 82.4-101.5% were obtained for the target analytes. The intra-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) range in 4.5-10.3% and inter-day RSDs range in 5.1-12.7%. Reasonable values of matrix effect (ME) ranging in 82.5-110.4% were obtained for quality control samples. The present methodology was used for the analysis of antidepressants in real cases and is expected to have a wide usage for analysis of antidepressants in biomedical area and forensic practice.

8.
Oncogene ; 40(14): 2524-2538, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674746

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant neoplasms. Invasion and metastasis are the main causes of GC-related deaths. Recently, kinesins were discovered to be involved in tumor development. The aim of this study was to elucidate the roles of kinesin superfamily protein 26A (KIF26A) in GC and its underlying molecular mechanism in regulating tumor invasion and metastasis. Using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), we showed that KIF26A expression was lower in GC tissues without lymph node metastasis (LNM) than in nontumorous gastric mucosa, and even lower in GC tissues with LNM than in GC tissues without LNM. Functional experiments showed that KIF26A inhibited migration and invasion of GC cells. We further identified focal-adhesion kinase (FAK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha (PI3KR1), VAV3, Rac1 and p21-activated kinase 2, and ß-PAK (PAK3) as downstream effectors of KIF26A in the focal-adhesion pathway, and we found that KIF26A could regulate FAK mRNA expression through inhibiting c-MYC by MAPK pathway. c-MYC could bind to the promoter of FAK and activate FAK transcription. Moreover, we found that KIF26A-mediated inactivation of the focal-adhesion pathway could reduce the occurrence of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by increasing expression of E-cadherin and reducing that of Snail. Luciferase assays and Western blotting revealed that miR-19a and miR-96 negatively regulate KIF26A. Finally, we found that decreased expression of KIF26A has been positively correlated with histological differentiation, Lauren classification, LNM, distal metastasis, and clinical stage, as well as poor survival in patients with GC. These data indicate that KIF26A could inhibit GC migration and invasion by regulating the focal-adhesion pathway and repressing the occurrence of EMT.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7143, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785798

RESUMO

We proposed a novel interaction potential landscape approach to map the systems-level profile changes of gene networks during replicative aging in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This approach enabled us to apply quasi-potentials, the negative logarithm of the probabilities, to calibrate the elevation of the interaction landscapes with young cells as a reference state. Our approach detected opposite landscape changes based on protein abundances from transcript levels, especially for intra-essential gene interactions. We showed that essential proteins play different roles from hub proteins on the age-dependent interaction potential landscapes. We verified that hub proteins tend to avoid other hub proteins, but essential proteins prefer to interact with other essential proteins. Overall, we showed that the interaction potential landscape is promising for inferring network profile change during aging and that the essential hub proteins may play an important role in the uncoupling between protein and transcript levels during replicative aging.

10.
Org Lett ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783210

RESUMO

A photoinduced pericyclic cascade reaction has been developed to afford oxabicyclo[4.2.0]octenes. Mechanistic studies show that this reaction undergoes [2 + 2]-photocycloaddition, base-promoted elimination, retro-4π-electrocyclization, [1,5]-H shift, and 4π-electrocyclization procedures. This reaction features wide substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, and excellent diastereoselectivity.

11.
J Int Med Res ; 49(3): 3000605211000511, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730926

RESUMO

Ectopic spleen is a rare clinical malformation in which the spleen is relocated from its normal anatomical position to other parts of the abdomen. We report a rare case of abdominopelvic ectopic spleen caused by splenic ligament deficiency. A patient experienced intermittent pain in the left upper abdomen that was progressively aggravated. This was confirmed by comprehensive imaging examinations and postoperative pathology. We also performed a review of the literature on the current state of the field. Our data may help to improve the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic spleen.

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733589

RESUMO

Steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (SIONFH) has been a common disease following corticosteroid therapy. Presently, we aim to explore the functions of circular RNA (circ) PVT1 in SIONFH rats and the underlying mechanism. Glucocorticoid (GC) was used to treat SD rats and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to construct SIONFH model in vitro and in vivo, respectively. The pathological injury of the femoral head in the SIONFH rats was detected via haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The osteogenic differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis of BMSCs were detected. Western blot was used to detect Smad7, Bax, Bcl2 and Smad2/3. The potential targets of circPVT1 and miR-21-5p were validated through luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA pull-down assay, respectively. We found that CircPVT1 was decreased in the femoral head of SIONFH rats and GC-treated BMSCs, while miR-21-5p was markedly up-regulated. Overexpressed circPVT1 attenuated the apoptosis and cell viability inhibition of BMSCs induced by GC, while miR-21-5p up-regulation had the opposite effects. What's more, the in vivo experiments confirmed that up-regulating circPVT1 repressed osteonecrosis in SIONFH rats through repressing apoptosis. Mechanistically, circPVT1 functioned as a ceRNA of miR-21-5p, which targeted at the 3'untranslated region of Smad7. CircPVT1 enhancing Smad7 and mitigating GC activated TGFß/Smad2/3 pathway through inhibiting miR-21-5p. In conclusion, CircPVT1 exerts protective effects against SIONFH via modulating miR-21-5p-mediated Smad7/TGFß pathway.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 94: 107446, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581581

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1(IDO1) has complicated roles in immune-inflammatory response regulation, but its correlation with immune cell infiltration in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unknown. METHODS: Gene expression data were extracted from the GEO database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and functional correlation analysis was performed. The immune hub gene was screened using Maximal Clique Centrality, and verified in DN model mice via western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence analysis. CIBERSORTx was used to assign values to immune cell infiltration in DN and determine a correlation with the hub gene. The prognostic significance of the hub gene was then validated. RESULTS: The 330 screened DEGs from the GEO dataset were most enriched in GO functions and KEGG pathways associated with immune inflammation. IDO1 was identified as a hub immune gene, with upregulated expression in DN model mice. IDO1 expression was positively correlated with M1 macrophages (R = 0.58, P < 0.001) and monocytes (R = 0.44, P = 0.049), and was negatively correlated with resting memory CD4 T cells (R = -0.51, P = 0.019). IDO1 expression was upregulated in peritoneal macrophages after high glucose stimulation, and inflammatory factor production was reversed by IDO1 inhibition. Higher IDO1 expression was associated with worse prognosis in DN patients via multivariate survival analysis (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: IDO1 was identified as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for DN and shown to play a vital role in immune cell infiltration in DN, ascertained using microarray data and CIBERSORTx for the first time.

14.
ChemSusChem ; 14(7): 1659-1673, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565262

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic energy conversion plays a crucial role in realizing energy storage and utilization. Clean energy technologies such as water electrolysis, fuel cells, and metal-air batteries heavily depend on a series of electrochemical redox reactions occurring on the catalysts surface. Therefore, developing efficient electrocatalysts is conducive to remarkably improved performance of these devices. Among numerous studies, transition metal-based nanomaterials (TMNs) have been considered as promising catalysts by virtue of their abundant reserves, low cost, and well-designed active sites. This Minireview is focused on the typical clean electrochemical reactions: hydrogen evolution reaction, oxygen evolution reaction, and oxygen reduction reaction. Recent efforts to optimize the external morphology and the internal electronic structure of TMNs are described, and beginning with single-component TMNs, the active sites are clarified, and strategies for exposing more active sites are discussed. The summary about multi-component TMNs demonstrates the complementary advantages of integrating functional compositions. A general introduction of single-atom TMNs is provided to deepen the understanding of the catalytic process at an atomic scale. Finally, current challenges and development trends of TMNs in clean energy devices are summarized.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 277: 116793, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640820

RESUMO

The Sichuan Basin (SCB) in southwestern China is largely affected by air pollution. Understanding the responses of air pollutant concentrations to emission changes is critical for designing and evaluating effective control strategies. Thus, this study used the Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model to simulate PM2.5 (i.e., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) in winter (January 2015) and ozone (O3) in summer (July 2015) under nine emission reduction scenarios. For each scenario, the anthropogenic emissions of each air pollutant in each SCB grid cell were reduced by the same percentage, ranging from 10% to 90%. We found that approximately 30-70% emission reductions are required to reduce the January mean PM2.5 concentrations in all the SCB urban centers to a value that is less than the Chinese standard for daily mean PM2.5 (24-h PM2.5: 75 µg m-3). However, the January mean PM2.5 concentrations under 90% emission reduction still exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline (25 µg m-3) in 16 SCB urban centers. Moreover, reducing both SCB and non-SCB emissions were critical for achieving the PM2.5 level recommended by WHO. An 80% emission reduction was required to prevent the occurrence of 8-h O3 (i.e., daily maximum 8-h mean O3) non-attainment days in all SCB urban centers. Under 90% emission reduction, July mean 8-h O3 concentrations still exceeded the WHO guideline of 47 ppb in approximately 35% of the SCB areas. In conclusion, this study suggests that (1) compared with the governmental emission reduction targets for 2015-2020 (2-27%), more significant emission reductions are required to meet the Chinese and WHO pollution standards; and (2) both SCB and non-SCB emissions must significantly reduce to achieve the desired pollution targets.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise
16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3844, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589684

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare hematological parameters among normal, α-, and ß-thalassemia fetuses between 17 and 38 weeks of gestation. Pregnant women at risk of having fetuses with thalassemia major and underwent cordocentesis for prenatal diagnosis were recruited. Fetal cord blood samples were collected from 249 fetuses for hematological and DNA analysis. Fetuses were divided into subgroups according to thalassemia DNA genotypes. The average and gestational age of subjects were 27.95 ± 5.78 years and 27.78 ± 3.57 weeks, respectively. The distribution of α-thalassemia, ß-thalassemia, and normal cases was 67.87%, 19.68%, and 12.45%, respectively. Significant differences in almost all the hematological parameters (HbF, HbA, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, and NBRCs) were observed in three groups (P < 0.001, except for RBC, P = 0.446). These differences were also observed in four α-thalassemia subgroups (P < 0.001) and were associated with the number of defected genes. Similarly, in five ß-thalassemia genotypes, HbF, HbA, RBC, MCV, MCH and NBRCs were presented differently (P < 0.05). Additionally, the trends in RBC, Hb, and HCT changes in three α-thalassemia subgroups (silent carrier, trait, and major) and ß+/ß+ fetuses' MCV, MCH, and RDW levels with gestation age were opposite to those of normal fetuses. We compared the distribution of hematological parameters in fetuses affected by most genotypes of thalassemia, as well as their trends in relation to gestational age for the first time, which is a good reference for future studies and prenatal diagnostic practices. The investigated hematological parameters are also valuable in diagnosing and differentiating thalassemia.

17.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 187-202, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542623

RESUMO

Purpose: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a common disease of the hip that leads to severe pain or joint disability. We aimed to identify potential differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs in osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Methods: The data of miRNA and mRNA were firstly downloaded from the database. Secondly, the regulatory network of miRNAs-mRNAs was constructed, followed by function annotation of mRNAs. Thirdly, an in vitro experiment was applied to validate the expression of miRNAs and targeted mRNAs. Finally, GSE123568 dataset was used for electronic validation and diagnostic analysis of targeted mRNAs. Results: Several regulatory interaction pairs between miRNA and mRNAs were identified, such as hsa-miR-378c-WNT3A/DACT1/CSF1, hsa-let-7a-5p-RCAN2/IL9R, hsa-miR-28-5p-RELA, hsa-miR-3200-5p-RELN, and hsa-miR-532-5p-CLDN18/CLDN10. Interestingly, CLDN10, CLDN18, CSF1, DACT1, IL9R, RCAN2, RELN, and WNT3A had the diagnostic value for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Wnt signaling pathway (involved WNT3A), chemokine signaling pathway (involved RELA), focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interaction (involved RELN), cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) (involved CLDN18 and CLDN10), cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, and hematopoietic cell lineage (involved CSF1 and IL9R) were identified. Conclusion: The identified differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs may be involved in the pathology of osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

18.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; 131: 103554, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600999

RESUMO

Helicoverpa armigera utilizes (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16:Ald) as its major sex pheromone component. Three pheromone binding proteins (PBPs) and two general odorant binding proteins (GOBPs) are abundantly expressed in the male antennae of H. armigera. However, their precise roles in the olfactory detection of Z11-16:Ald remain enigmatic. To answer this question, we first synthesized the antibody against HarmOR13, an olfactory receptor (OR) primarily responding to Z11-16:Ald and mapped the local associations between PBPs/GOBPs and HarmOR13. Immunostaining showed that HarmPBPs and HarmGOBPs were localized in the supporting cells of trichoid sensilla and basiconic sensilla respectively. In particular, HarmPBP1 and HarmPBP2 were colocalized in the cells surrounding the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) expressing HarmOR13. Next, using two noninterfering binary expression tools, we heterologously expressed HarmPBP1, HarmPBP2 and HarmOR13 in Drosophila T1 sensilla to validate the functional interplay between PBPs and HarmOR13. We found that the addition of HarmPBP1 or HarmPBP2, not HarmPBP3, significantly increased HarmOR13's response to Z11-16:Ald. However, the presence of either HarmPBP1 or HarmPBP2 was ineffective to change the tuning breadth of HarmOR13 and modulate the response kinetics of this receptor. Taken together, this work demonstrates both HarmPBP1 and HarmPBP2 are involved in Z11-16:Ald detection. Our results support the idea that PBPs can contribute to the peripheral olfactory sensitivity but do little in modulating the selectivity and the response kinetics of corresponding ORs.

19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(3): 85, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587169

RESUMO

A new covalent organic framework (COF) has been prepared with 1,3,6,8-tetra(4-formyl phenyl) pyrene (TFPPy) and 2,6-diaminopyridine (DP) as building units through a Schiff base reaction by a simple tube oven heating procedure and the structure of the COF has been characterized in detail. The obtained DP-Py COF is employed to fabricate a novel electrochemical sensing platform for sensitive and selective determination of theophylline (TP) and caffeine (CAF) simultaneously through compounding with AuNPs; the peak positions of TP and CAF are 0.95 V and 1.28 V, respectively. The synergistic effect between DP-Py COF and AuNPs effectively enhances the analytical sensitivity for the target analytes. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the electrochemical sensing platform shows a sensitive voltammetric response and wide linear range to both TP and CAF, and the detection limits are 0.19 µM and 0.076 µM (S/N = 3), respectively. This method has been successfully used for the determination of TP and CAF in compound paracetamol capsules and black tea samples. The recovery and relative standard deviations (RSD) of TP are 99.3~101% and 97.6~101% and 1.3~2.0% and 1.3~2.1%, respectively, and the recovery and RSD of CAF are 96.1~102% and 99.4~104% and 2.8~3.9% and 1.7~3.2%, respectively. Compared with traditional detection methods, the constructed sensing platform has better performance and is expected to be widely used also in other real sample analyses.

20.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 48, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the distribution of the erector spinal muscle plane block of the thoracic 12 vertebral body (T12) in the dorsal region guided by ultrasound. METHODS: A total of 28 patients, who underwent elective lumbar surgery, were enrolled in the present study. These patients were aged between 18 and 65 years, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade was 1 or 2. The block of the T12 transverse process erector spinal muscle was performed under the guidance of ultrasound, and each side was injected with 25 ml of 0.4% ropivacaine hydrochloride + 2 mg of dexamethasone. The back areas were measured using the cold-warm method (the back area was divided into 11 areas [T7-S1] with the body surface marker). At 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 min after the drug injection, the effectiveness of the regional block was recorded. The presence of puncture hematoma, local anesthesia drug poisoning, nausea, vomiting, headache, and dizziness after the block was recorded. RESULTS: The range of the T12 transverse process block was basically fixed at 30 min after the single injection. No pneumothorax, hematoma, or local anesthetic poisoning occurred in any of the patients. CONCLUSION: The effective longitudinal plane of the T12 transverse process erector spinal muscle block was mainly distributed in the T9-L5 dorsal cutaneous branches, and the distribution of the block area was safe and stable.

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