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1.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770884

RESUMO

Semiconducting metal oxides can detect low concentrations of NO2 and other toxic gases, which have been widely investigated in the field of gas sensors. However, most studies on the gas sensing properties of these materials are carried out at high temperatures. In this work, Hollow SnO2 nanofibers were successfully synthesized by electrospinning and calcination, followed by surface modification using ZnO to improve the sensitivity of the SnO2 nanofibers sensor to NO2 gas. The gas sensing behavior of SnO2/ZnO sensors was then investigated at room temperature (~20 °C). The results showed that SnO2/ZnO nanocomposites exhibited high sensitivity and selectivity to 0.5 ppm of NO2 gas with a response value of 336%, which was much higher than that of pure SnO2 (13%). In addition to the increase in the specific surface area of SnO2/ZnO-3 compared with pure SnO2, it also had a positive impact on the detection sensitivity. This increase was attributed to the heterojunction effect and the selective NO2 physisorption sensing mechanism of SnO2/ZnO nanocomposites. In addition, patterned electrodes of silver paste were printed on different flexible substrates, such as paper, polyethylene terephthalate and polydimethylsiloxane using a facile screen-printing process. Silver electrodes were integrated with SnO2/ZnO into a flexible wearable sensor array, which could detect 0.1 ppm NO2 gas after 10,000 bending cycles. The findings of this study therefore open a general approach for the fabrication of flexible devices for gas detection applications.

2.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9916881, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777635

RESUMO

Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a progressive cardiovascular disease, which is a permanent and localized dilatation of the abdominal aorta with potentially fatal consequence of aortic rupture. Dysregulation of circRNAs is correlated with the development of various pathological events in cardiovascular diseases. However, the function of circRNAs in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is unknown and remains to be explored. This study is aimed at determining the regulatory mechanisms of circRNAs in AAAs. This study was aimed at exploring the underlying molecular mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysms based on the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory hypothesis of circRNA, miRNA, and mRNA. Methods: The expression profiles of circRNAs (GSE144431), miRNAs (GSE62179), and mRNAs (GSE7084, GSE57691, and GSE47472) in human tissue sample from the aneurysm group and normal group were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, respectively. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network was constructed by using Cytoscape 3.7.2 software; then, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by using the STRING database, and the hub genes were identified by using the cytoHubba plug-in. The circRNA-miRNA-hub gene regulatory subnetwork was formed to understand the regulatory axis of hub genes in AAAs. Results: The present study identified 40 differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs) in the GSE144431, 90 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRs) in the GSE62179, and 168 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs) with the same direction regulation (130 downregulated and 38 upregulated) in the GSE7084, GSE57691, and GSE47472 datasets identified regarding AAAs. The miRNA response elements (MREs) of three DECs were then predicted. Four overlapping miRNAs were obtained by intersecting the predicted miRNA and DEmiRs. Then, 17 overlapping mRNAs were obtained by intersecting the predicted target mRNAs of 4 miRNAs with 168 DEGs. Furthermore, the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network was constructed through 3 circRNAs, 4 miRNAs, and 17 mRNAs, and three hub genes (SOD2, CCR7, and PGRMC1) were identified. Simultaneously, functional enrichment and pathway analysis were performed within genes in the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. Three of them (SOD2, CCR7, and PGRMC1) were suggested to be crucial based on functional enrichment, protein-protein interaction, and ceRNA network analysis. Furthermore, the expression of SOD2 and CCR7 may be regulated by hsa_circ_0011449/hsa_circ_0081968/hsa-let-7f-5p; the expression of PGRMC1 may be regulated by hsa_circ_0011449/hsa_circ_0081968-hsa-let-7f-5p/hsa-let-7e-5p. Conclusion: In conclusion, the ceRNA interaction axis we identified may be an important target for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. This study provided further understanding of the potential pathogenesis from the perspective of the circRNA-related competitive endogenous RNA network in AAAs.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842870

RESUMO

Novel hexagonal α-cobalt hydroxide nanosheets are synthesized through a 2-methylimidazole-induced hydrolysis strategy with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a surfactant. The weak alkaline environment provides favorable conditions for the formation of metastable α-Co(OH)2, while the same raw material will produce ß-Co(OH)2 when a strong alkali solution is used. CTAB plays a vital role not only in hexagonal oriented growth, but also in the formation of the hydrotalcite-like structure of α-Co(OH)2 with high crystallinity. The crystallinity of both α- and ß-Co(OH)2 is very poor without CTAB as a surfactant. The Co in this Co(OH)2-x layer presents most of the CoII and a small part of the CoIII, and the interlayer nitrate anion balances the positive charge of the host layer. The redox function produced by the CoII and CoIII of α-Co(OH)2 together with the large layer spacing jointly promotes the electron and mass transfer. The use of hydrazine hydrate for transfer hydrogenation involves the transport of protons and electrons produced by decomposition, and the rapid transport is bound to be conducive to the reduction process. Nitro compounds with varieties of functional groups can be smoothly reduced to the corresponding amines with high selectivity, when α-Co(OH)2 was used as a catalyst under mild conditions.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(40): 47800-47806, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590841

RESUMO

Effective and timely joint monitoring has been a significantly vital research direction in human healthcare. As an emerging technology, flexible electronics provides more possibilities and applicabilities for practical sensing and signal transmission. Here, we provide novel elastic MXene microfibers of controllable morphologies at a microscale through microfluidic technology for actual joint motion monitoring. Double-network hydrogels including covalently cross-linking polyacrylamide and ionically cross-linking alginate were chosen for superelasticity. For the improvement of the electrical conductivity of superelastic hydrogel microfibers, MXene was selected to mix with them. By introducing the cross-linker to the outer channel, microfibers with controllable diameters along with high electrical conductivities and tensile properties could be fabricated successfully. The practical value of the synthesized microfibers in joint movement sensing has been demonstrated by acting as the element of new motion sensors. Based on these features, it is believed that these elastic MXene hydrogel microfibers have high potential for rapid sensing and diagnosis of joint diseases.

5.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 10(11): e12145, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514732

RESUMO

Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) is a widely adopted method for the isolation of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from complex samples. SEC can efficiently remove high-abundant proteins, while often requires multiple fractionation operation using diversified column settings. In this study, we aim to establish a simplified SEC method to acquire high quality EVs. In comparison of all three cross-linked Sepharose resins with the sample types of FBS and human serum (HS), CL-6B and CL-4B showed superior performance in regular SEC to CL-2B in terms of significantly narrower EV and protein peaks, higher resolutions and EV purity. By increasing their bed volumes to 20 ml, the resolutions of CL-6B and CL-4B columns could be significantly improved, while the CL-6B column had the best performance with higher particle yields and tighter EV peaks. With the CL-6B 20 ml column, we further established a simplified dichotomic SEC method that only requires two bulk elutions to acquire EVs in the Eluate 1 and proteins in the Eluate 2. We further justified that such CL-6B columns were reusable for at least 10 consecutive times, and the dichotomic SEC was applicable to EV isolations from HS and FBS-free supernatants of fluorescently labelled and unlabelled SW620 cells. The proteomics analysis implicated that although the two methods had dissimilar abilities in removing different co-isolating contaminant proteins from EVs, the dichotomic SEC and ultracentrifugation could isolate EVs from human plasma with comparable purity. This dichotomic SEC has its intriguing potential to be used for EV preparation toward clinical testing and/or basic research.

6.
PeerJ ; 9: e12154, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589309

RESUMO

Freezing injury is one of the main restriction factors for winter wheat production, especially in the northern part of the Winter Wheat Region in China. It is very important to assess the risk of winter wheat-freezing injury. However, most of the existing climate models are complex and cannot be widely used. In this study, Zunhua which is located in the northern boundary of Winter Wheat Region in China is selected as research region, based on the winter meteorological data of Zunhua from 1956 to 2016, seven freezing disaster-causing factors related to freezing injury were extracted to formulated the freezing injury index (FII) of wheat. Referring to the historical wheat-freezing injury in Zunhua and combining with the cold resistance identification data of the National Winter Wheat Variety Regional Test (NWWVRT), consistency between the FII and the actual freezing injury situation was tested. Furthermore, the occurrence law of freezing injury in Zunhua during the past 60 years was analyzed by Morlet wavelet analyze, and the risk of freezing injury in the short term was evaluated. Results showed that the FII can reflect the occurrence of winter wheat-freezing injury in Zunhua to a certain extent and had a significant linear correlation with the dead tiller rate of wheat (P = 0.014). The interannual variation of the FII in Zunhua also showed a significant downward trend (R2 = 0.7412). There are two cycles of freezing injury in 60 years, and it showed that there's still exist a high risk in the short term. This study provides reference information for the rational use of meteorological data for winter wheat-freezing injury risk assessment.

7.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(8): 2348-2352, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345693

RESUMO

In this study, whole chloroplast genomes of five Salix species (S. argyracea, S. dasyclados, S. eriocephala, S. integra 'Hakuro Nishiki', and S. suchowensis) were sequenced. These chloroplast genomes were 155 ,605, 155, 763, 155, 552, 155, 538, and 155 ,550 bp in length, harboring 131 genes (77 unigenes), 37 tRNA genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 86 mRNA genes, respectively. The genes ycf1, psaI, ycf2-2, rpoC2, rpl22, atpF, and ndhF were under positive selection among the 21 Salix species. psaI, ycf2-2, atpF, and ycf1-2 were under positive selection between the tree willow and shrub willow, and rpoC2, rpl22, and ycf1-2 were positively selected among the shrub genomes. The gene rps7 was most variable among the genomes. Phylogenetic analysis of 21 Salix species and Chosenia arbutifolia provide evidence that the cp genome data partially support the relationship with traditional taxonomic concepts in the Flora of China. This chloroplast genome elucidates Salix taxonomy and provides evidence for evolutionary research.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(19): e2100126, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369090

RESUMO

As a fundamental feature of solid surfaces, wettability is playing an increasingly important role in our daily life. Benefitting from the inspiration of biological paradigms and the development in manufacturing technology, numerous wettability materials with elaborately designed surface topology and chemical compositions have been fabricated. Based on these advances, wettability materials have found broad technological implications in various fields ranging from academy, industry, agriculture to biomedical engineering. Among them, the practical applications of wettability materials in biomedical-related fields are receiving remarkable researches during the past decades because of the increasing attention to healthcare. In this review, the research progress of materials with specific wettability is discussed. After briefly introducing the underlying mechanisms, the fabrication strategies of artificial materials with specific wettability are described. The emphasis is put on the application progress of wettability biomaterials in biomedical engineering. The prospects for the future trend of wettability materials are also presented.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(20): e2102156, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436831

RESUMO

Electronic skins have received increasing attention in biomedical areas. Current efforts about electronic skins are focused on the development of multifunctional materials to improve their performance. Here, the authors propose a novel natural-synthetic polymers composite structural color hydrogel film with high stretchability, flexibility, conductivity, and superior self-reporting ability to construct ideal multiple-signal bionic electronic skins. The composite hydrogel film is prepared by using the mixture of polyacrylamide (PAM), silk fibroin (SF), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly (4-styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS, PP), and graphene oxide (GO) to replicate colloidal crystal templates and construct inverse opal scaffolds, followed by subsequent acid treatment. Due to these specific structures and components, the resultant film is imparted with vivid structural color and high conductivity while retaining the composite hydrogel's original stretchability and flexibility. The authors demonstrate that the composite hydrogel film has obvious color variation and electromechanical properties during the stretching and bending process, which could thus be utilized as a multi-signal response electronic skin to realize real-time color sensing and electrical response during human motions. These features indicate that the proposed composite structural color hydrogel film can widen the practical value of bionic electronic skins.

10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9934951, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306317

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have posed a great threat to human life, and the necessity of its monitoring and treatment is decided by symptomatology and/or the aneurysm size. Accumulating evidence suggests that circular RNAs (circRNAs) contribute a part to the pathogenesis of AAAs. circRNAs are novel single-stranded RNAs with a closed loop structure and high stability, having become the candidate biomarkers for numerous kinds of human disorders. Besides, circRNAs act as molecular "sponge" in organisms, capable of regulating the transcription level. Here, we characterize that the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of circRNAs in AAA development were further elucidated. In the present work, studies on the biosynthesis, bibliometrics, and mechanisms of action of circRNAs were aims comprehensively reviewed, the role of circRNAs in the AAA pathogenic mechanism was illustrated, and their potential in diagnosing AAAs was examined. Moreover, the current evidence about the effects of circRNAs on AAA development through modulating endothelial cells (ECs), macrophages, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was summarized. Through thorough investigation, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of circRNAs in AAA development were further elucidated. The results demonstrated that circRNAs had the application potential in the diagnosis and prevention of AAAs in clinical practice. The study of circRNA regulatory pathways would be of great assistance to the etiologic research of AAAs.

11.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(10): 857, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164491

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of malignant melanoma accounts for only approximately 5% of skin malignant tumors, however, it accounts for 75% of its mortality. Long-chain non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has a wide range of functional activities. Disorders of lncRNAs may lead to the occurrence and development of melanoma, and may also be related to immunotherapy. Methods: The transcriptomic data of primary and metastatic melanoma patients and 331 immune-related genes were downloaded from skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) in the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. On this basis, 460 immunologically relevant lncRNAs were identified by constructing a co-expression network of immunogenic genes and lncRNAs in primary and metastatic melanoma patients. Prognostic genes were screened using univariate Cox regression analysis. ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the robustness of the prognostic signature. Results: Univariate correlation analysis showed that only 3 of the 23 immune-related lncRNAs were at high risk and the rest were at low risk. Signatures of 7 immune-related lncRNAs were identified by multivariate correlation analysis. The clinical correlation analysis showed that the 7 immune-related lncRNAs were associated with the clinical stage of primary and metastatic melanoma. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that only 7 immune-related lncRNA signals divided tumor patients into high-risk and low-risk groups, while the low-risk group was enriched in the immune system process M13664 and immune response M19817 sets. PPI interaction network analysis showed that 11 G protein-coupled receptors and 6 corresponding ligands in the 2 gene sets affected the tumor microenvironment and were negatively related to the risk of the 7 immune-related lncRNAs. The tumor microenvironment immune cell infiltration analysis also supported the finding that anti-tumor immunity in the low-risk group was stronger than in the high-risk group. Conclusions: These results indicate that characteristics of the 7 immune-related lncRNAs have prognostic value for melanoma patients and can be used as potential immunotherapy targets.

12.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(26): 6102-6110, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170708

RESUMO

In modern electronics, metals have not occupied the same role as semiconductors because their electrical properties are largely independent of the potential that is applied to them. However, this limitation of bulk metals can be overcome at the nanoscale, where metal nanoparticles functionalized with charged organic ligands can have highly tunable electrical characteristics enabling the fabrication of basic electronic components. Here, we show the recent progress on the design and construction of the basic electronic components (e.g., diodes and transistors) based on charged metal nanoparticles and the coupled transport of ionic and electronic charges within nanoparticle layers (Poisson and Nernst-Planck diffusion equations, PNP model) and how to assemble these electronic components and various metal nanoparticle sensors to achieve basic computations and "chemoelectronics". Meanwhile, we envision the future research directions and a possible breakthrough in metal nanoparticle electronics.

13.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2021: 7065907, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763650

RESUMO

Electronic skins with distinctive features have attracted remarkable attention from researchers because of their promising applications in flexible electronics. Here, we present novel morphologically conductive hydrogel microfibers with MXene encapsulation by using a multi-injection coflow glass capillary microfluidic chip. The coaxial flows in microchannels together with fast gelation between alginate and calcium ions ensure the formation of hollow straight as well as helical microfibers and guarantee the in situ encapsulation of MXene. The resultant hollow straight and helical MXene hydrogel microfibers were with highly controllable morphologies and package features. Benefiting from the easy manipulation of the microfluidics, the structure compositions and the sizes of MXene hydrogel microfibers could be easily tailored by varying different flow rates. It was demonstrated that these morphologically conductive MXene hydrogel microfibers were with outstanding capabilities of sensitive responses to motion and photothermal stimulations, according to their corresponding resistance changes. Thus, we believe that our morphologically conductive MXene hydrogel microfibers with these excellent features will find important applications in smart flexible electronics especially electronic skins.

14.
J Proteome Res ; 20(5): 2521-2532, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710899

RESUMO

Keloid is a benign tumor characterized by persistent inflammation, increased fibroblast proliferation, and abnormal deposition of collagen in the wound. The etiology of keloid is unclear. Here, we explored the phospho-signaling changes in human keloid fibroblasts via phosphoproteome mass spectrometry analysis. We found that comparative phosphoproteomics could statistically distinguish keloid from control fibroblasts. Differentially expressed phosphoproteins could predict the activation of known keloid-relevant upstream regulators including transforming growth factor-ß1, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-5. With multiple bioinformatics analyses, phosphorylated FLNA, TLN1, and VCL were significantly enriched in terms of calcium homeostasis and platelet aggregation. We biologically verified that keloid fibroblasts had a higher level of Ca2+ influx than the control fibroblasts upon ionomycin stimulation. Via co-cultivation analysis, we found that human keloid fibroblasts could directly promote platelet aggregation. As suggested by PhosphoPath and gene set enrichment analysis, pFLNA was centered as the top phosphoproteins associated with keloid phenotypes. We validated that pFLNA was upregulated both in keloid fibroblasts and keloid tissue section, implicating its biomarker potential. In conclusion, we reported the first phosphoproteome on keloid fibroblasts, based on which we revealed that keloid fibroblasts had aberrant calcium homeostasis and could directly induce platelet aggregation.


Assuntos
Queloide , Cálcio , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/patologia , Homeostase , Humanos , Queloide/genética , Queloide/patologia , Agregação Plaquetária , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507871

RESUMO

Retinal electrical stimulation is a widely utilized method to restore visual function for patients with retinal degenerative diseases. Transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) represents an effective way to improve the visual function due to its potential neuroprotective effect. However, TES with single electrode fails to spatially and selectively stimulate retinal neurons. Herein, a computational modeling method was proposed to explore the feasibility of spatially selective retinal stimulation via temporally interfering electric fields. An eyeball model with multiple electrodes was constructed to simulate the interferential electric fields with various electrode montages and current ratios. The results demonstrated that the temporal interference (TI) stimulation would gradually generate an increasingly localized high-intensity region on retina as the return electrodes moved towards the posterior of the eyeball and got closer. Additionally, the position of the convergent region could be modulated by regulating the current ratio of different electrode channels. The TI strategy with multisite and steerable stimulation can stimulate local retinal region with certain convergence and a relatively large stimulation range, which would be a feasible approach for the spatially selective retinal neuromodulation.


Assuntos
Retina , Visão Ocular , Estimulação Elétrica , Eletrodos , Humanos
16.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(3): 1263-1277, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503261

RESUMO

As an effective programmable DNA targeting tool, CRISPR-Cas9 system has been adopted in varieties of biotechnological applications. However, the off-target effects, derived from the tolerance towards guide-target mismatches, are regarded as the major problems in engineering CRISPR systems. To understand this, we constructed two sgRNA libraries carrying saturated single- and double-nucleotide mismatches in living bacteria cells, and profiled the comprehensive landscape of in vivo binding affinity of dCas9 toward DNA target guided by each individual sgRNA with particular mismatches. We observed a synergistic effect in seed, where combinatorial double mutations caused more severe activity loss compared with the two corresponding single mutations. Moreover, we found that a particular mismatch type, dDrG (D = A, T, G), only showed moderate impairment on binding. To quantitatively understand the causal relationship between mismatch and binding behaviour of dCas9, we further established a biophysical model, and found that the thermodynamic properties of base-pairing coupled with strand invasion process, to a large extent, can account for the observed mismatch-activity landscape. Finally, we repurposed this model, together with a convolutional neural network constructed based on the same mechanism, as a predictive tool to guide the rational design of sgRNA in bacterial CRISPR interference.


Assuntos
Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Pareamento Incorreto de Bases , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , DNA/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Modelos Genéticos , Ligação Proteica , RNA/química , Termodinâmica
17.
Thyroid ; 31(4): 563-571, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138723

RESUMO

Background: Malnutrition in early life may permanently change the structure and function of the body, which lead to a number of diseases in adulthood. The effect of famine exposure during the early life on thyroid function and disorders remains unclear. This study investigated the association between exposure to the Great Chinese Famine (1959-1961) in early life and thyroid function and disorders in adulthood. Methods: Nine thousand eight hundred eighty-one subjects with appropriate birth dates derived from the Thyroid disorders, Iodine status, and Diabetes Epidemiological survey were included. Thyroid function and disorders were defined by the test results of blood sample and ultrasonography of all participants. Associations between famine exposure in early life and thyroid function and disorders in adulthood were assessed with binary logistic regression and linear regression. Results: Participants exposed to the Great Chinese Famine during the fetal stage was associated with a higher thyrotropin (TSH) level in adulthood (ß = 0.024; p = 0.038), compared with the nonexposed participants. The association was significant among rural participants (ß = 0.039; p = 0.02) but not in urban participants (ß = 0.005; p = 0.77). Fetal-exposed group did not show a higher risk of thyroid disorders than the age-matched balanced control group, including overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis, and thyroid nodules (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Famine exposure during the fetal stage was associated with a higher TSH level in adulthood. The fetal stage could be the critical period for programming the pituitary-thyroid axis.

18.
Bioact Mater ; 6(6): 1555-1562, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294733

RESUMO

Adsorption of low-density lipoprotein from plasma is vital for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Appropriate adsorbent material for efficient and selective adsorption of low-density lipoprotein is highly desired. In this work, we developed pollens-derived magnetic porous particles as adsorbents for this purpose. The natural pollen grains were modified to obtain high surface porosity, a large inner cavity, magnet responsiveness, and specific wettability. The resultant particles exhibited satisfying performance in the adsorption of a series of oils and organic solvents out of water. Besides, the particles were directly utilized to the adsorption of low-density lipoprotein in plasma, which showed high selectivity, and achieved an outstanding adsorption capacity as high as 34.9% within 2 h. Moreover, their salient biocompatibility was demonstrated through simulative hemoperfusion experiments. These features, together with its abundant source and facile fabrication, makes the pollens-derived magnetic porous particles excellent candidate for low-density lipoprotein -apheresis and water treatment applications.

19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 494, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has diverse wheat varieties that adapt to very different environments divided into ten agro-ecological zones. A better understanding of genomic differences and patterns of selection among agro-ecological zones could provide useful information in selection of specific adaptive traits in breeding. RESULTS: We genotyped 438 wheat accessions from ten zones with kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) markers specific to 47 cloned genes for grain yield, quality, adaptation and stress resistance. Phylogenetic trees and principle component analysis revealed clear differences in winter and spring growth habits. Nucleotide diversity (π) and π ratio (πCL/πMCC) suggested that genetic diversity had increased during breeding, and that Chinese landraces (CL) from Zones I-V contributed little to modern Chinese cultivars (MCC). π ratio and Fst identified 24 KASP markers with 53 strong selection signals specific to Zones I (9 signals), II (12), III (5), IV (5), V (6), and VI (6). Genes with clear genetic differentiation and strong response to selection in at least three zones were leaf rust resistance gene Lr34 (I, II, III and IV), photoperiod sensitivity gene Ppd-D1 (I, II, III, IV and V), vernalization gene Vrn-B1 (V, VII, VIII and X), quality-related gene Glu-B1 (I, II and III) and yield-related genes Sus1-7B (I, II, III, IV and IX), Sus2-2A (I, II, III., IV and VI) and GW2-6B (II, V and VI). CONCLUSIONS: This study examined selection of multiple genes in each zone, traced the distribution of important genetic variations and provided useful information for ecological genomics and enlightening future breeding goals for different agro-ecological zones.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Genoma de Planta/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos , Triticum/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Alelos , China , Produção Agrícola , Resistência à Doença/genética , Ecologia , Grão Comestível/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Variação Genética , Genoma de Planta/fisiologia , Genômica , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(12): 105255, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory response is a critical contributor to cerebral ischaemia injuries and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. Early growth response-1 (Egr-1), an oxygen-sensing transcription factor which is rapidly and markedly triggered in ischaemic events, acts as a master switch coordinating the upregulation of multiple target proinflammatory genes. Here, we explored whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) activation by telmisartan can modulate Egr-1 expression and the subsequent inflammatory responses in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia. METHODS: Cerebral ischaemia was induced in rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Brain injury was evaluated by brain water content, infarct volume, and Evans blue dye extravasation. Egr-1 and claudin-5 levels were assessed by western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: MCAO-provoked Egr-1 expression was time dependent, peaking at 24 h and continuing to 72 h. The elevation in Egr-1 was coupled with a reduction in claudin-5. Telmisartan treatment significantly corrected the alterations of Egr-1 and claudin-5, alleviated the neurological deficits, and reduced brain water content, infarct volume, and Evans blue dye extravasation 24 h after MCAO. However, all the benefits of telmisartan were reversed by antagonising PPARγ with GW9662. CONCLUSION: Egr-1, a proinflammatory factor, is positively associated with post-ischaemic inflammation and the associated BBB dysfunction. PPARγ serves as an upstream transcription factor of the Egr-1 cascade. Targeting Egr-1 may emerge as a potential strategy to suppress inflammatory responses following ischaemic stroke.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , PPAR gama/agonistas , Telmisartan/farmacologia , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Claudina-5/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Masculino , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
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