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2.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 1: CD003654, 2022 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35000192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the first update of a review published in 2010. While calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are often recommended as a first-line drug to treat hypertension, the effect of CCBs on the prevention of cardiovascular events, as compared with other antihypertensive drug classes, is still debated. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether CCBs used as first-line therapy for hypertension are different from other classes of antihypertensive drugs in reducing the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events. SEARCH METHODS: For this updated review, the Cochrane Hypertension Information Specialist searched the following databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) up to 1 September 2020: the Cochrane Hypertension Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2020, Issue 1), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and ClinicalTrials.gov. We also contacted the authors of relevant papers regarding further published and unpublished work and checked the references of published studies to identify additional trials. The searches had no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials comparing first-line CCBs with other antihypertensive classes, with at least 100 randomised hypertensive participants and a follow-up of at least two years. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently selected the included trials, evaluated the risk of bias, and entered the data for analysis. Any disagreements were resolved through discussion. We contacted study authors for additional information. MAIN RESULTS: This update contains five new trials. We included a total of 23 RCTs (18 dihydropyridines, 4 non-dihydropyridines, 1 not specified) with 153,849 participants with hypertension. All-cause mortality was not different between first-line CCBs and any other antihypertensive classes. As compared to diuretics, CCBs probably increased  major cardiovascular events (risk ratio (RR) 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00 to 1.09, P = 0.03) and increased congestive heart failure events (RR 1.37, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.51, moderate-certainty evidence). As compared to beta-blockers, CCBs reduced the following outcomes: major cardiovascular events (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.92), stroke (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.88, moderate-certainty evidence), and cardiovascular mortality (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.99, low-certainty evidence). As compared to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, CCBs reduced stroke (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.99, low-certainty evidence) and increased congestive heart failure (RR 1.16, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.28, low-certainty evidence). As compared to angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), CCBs reduced myocardial infarction (RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.94, moderate-certainty evidence) and increased congestive heart failure (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.36, low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: For the treatment of hypertension, there is moderate certainty evidence that diuretics reduce major cardiovascular events and congestive heart failure more than CCBs. There is low to moderate certainty evidence that CCBs probably reduce major cardiovascular events more than beta-blockers. There is low to moderate certainty evidence that CCBs reduced stroke when compared to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and reduced myocardial infarction when compared to angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), but increased congestive heart failure when compared to ACE inhibitors and ARBs. Many of the differences found in the current review are not robust, and further trials might change the conclusions. More well-designed RCTs studying the mortality and morbidity of individuals taking CCBs as compared with other antihypertensive drug classes are needed for patients with different stages of hypertension, different ages, and with different comorbidities such as diabetes.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994328

RESUMO

Background Increased CCKBR expression density or frequency has been reported in many neoplasms. Objective We aimed to investigate whether CCKBR drives the growth of gastric cancer (GC) and its potential as a therapeutic target of immunotoxins. Methods A lentiviral interference system was used to generate CCKBR-knockdown gastric cancer cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and clonogenic assays were used to evaluate cell proliferation. Wound-healing and cell invasion assays were performed to evaluate cell mobility. Cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Tumor growth in vivo was investigated using a heterologous tumor transplantation model in nude mice. In addition, we generated the immunotoxin FQ17P and evaluated the combining capacity and tumor cytotoxicity of FQ17P in vitro. Results Stable downregulation of CCKBR expression resulted in reduced proliferation, migration and invasion of BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cells. The impact of CCKBR on gastric cancer cells was further verified through CCKBR overexpression studies. Downregulation of CCKBR expression also inhibited the growth of gastric tumors in vivo. Furthermore, FQ17P killed CCKBR-overexpressing GC cells by specifically binding to CCKBR on the tumor cell surface. Conclusion The CCKBR protein drives the growth, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer cells, and it might be a promising target for immunotoxin therapy based on its aberrant expression, functional binding interactions with gastrin, and subsequent internalization.

4.
Food Funct ; 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048100

RESUMO

The demand for facile delivery systems from natural biopolymers with long-term storage stability to deliver liposoluble nutraceuticals such as ß-carotene (BC) is increasing. In this work, a facile and reliable emulsifier of chitosan (CS)-NaOH-modified casein (CA) nanoparticles (NPs) was fabricated for the stabilization of high internal phase Pickering emulsions (HIPPEs) with versatile stability. Dynamic light scattering, TEM, FTIR, and interface tension results indicated that CS-CA NPs exhibited nanoscale (109-373 nm), positive charge (22-38 mV), pH-response, spherical in shape, assembled spontaneously by non-covalent interactions, and high surface activity. Optical microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), and rheometer results demonstrated that HIPPEs were emulsified by a dense and compact 3D network between the continuous phase and the interfacial region. Hence, the CS-CA NP-stabilized HIPPEs showed long-term storage stability (over 18 months at ambient temperature) and thermostabilization (1 month at 80 °C). The robust and compact CS-CA NPs dramatically declined the contents of primary and secondary oxidation production in HIPPEs than that by corn oil. Moreover, CS-CA NPs stabilized HIPPEs appreciably enhanced the bioaccessibility (2.56 times) and chemical stability (thermal, UV-light, and storage) of BC. This research evidenced that CS-protein or polysaccharide-CA-based systems could be an encouraging formulation to commercially construct tunable HIPPEs with adorable stability for liposoluble nutraceuticals with enhanced attributes.

5.
Neurotox Res ; 40(1): 267-275, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981455

RESUMO

Disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important hallmark of sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE). Selegiline, a selective and irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase type B, has been applied for the treatment of nervous disorders. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether selegiline has a protective capacity in the impairment of the BBB in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. In a sepsis mouse model, administration of selegiline ameliorated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced impairment of BBB integrity. Additionally, treatment with selegiline increased the expression of the tight junction protein junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) against LPS. Also, we found that selegiline inhibited the production of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß. In an in vitro experimental model, bEnd.3 brain endothelial cells were exposed to LPS. Results indicate that stimulation with LPS significantly increased the permeability of bEnd.3 cells and reduced the expression of JAM-A, both of which were rescued by treatment with selegiline. Additionally, selegiline prevented the activation of the NF-κB/MLCK/p-MLC signaling pathway in LPS-challenged bEnd.3 cells. These results indicate that selegiline exerted a protective effect on BBB dysfunction, which might be attributed to the inhibition of the NF-κB/MLCK/p-MLC signaling pathway. These findings provide a basis for further research into the neuroprotective mechanism of selegiline.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; 347: 126703, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031437

RESUMO

Chemical modification on hydrochars can significantly improve their ability of removing heavy metal ions from wastewater, but so far no research has focused on the chemical modification through free radical reaction. In this work, a cation functionalized hydrochar (CFHC) bearing - N+H2R was synthesized by grafting-polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) onto bamboo hydrochar under initiation by benzoyl peroxide, followed by the amination with the introduced epoxy group and diethylenetriamine and a subsequent hydrochloric acid treatment. The resulted CFHC exhibited a superior removal capacity of 424.09 mg·g-1 for Cr(VI), and the highest sorption occurred at pH of 2. Combining a series of characterizations and tests, it was concluded that the sorption conformed to the pseudo-second-order and Freundlich equations, indicating a multilayer chemisorption process that mainly driven by electrostatic reaction, reduction, and surface complexation. This research proved that a free radical polymerization treatment could effectively transform hydrochars into super adsorbents for wastewater treatment.

7.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1299-1309, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782575

RESUMO

During acute reperfusion, the expression profiles of long noncoding RNAs in adult rats with focal cerebral ischemia undergo broad changes. However, whether long noncoding RNAs are involved in neuroprotective effects following focal ischemic stroke in rats remains unclear. In this study, RNA isolation and library preparation was performed for long noncoding RNA sequencing, followed by determining the coding potential of identified long noncoding RNAs and target gene prediction. Differential expression analysis, long noncoding RNA functional enrichment analysis, and co-expression network analysis were performed comparing ischemic rats with and without ischemic postconditioning rats. Rats were subjected to ischemic postconditioning via the brief and repeated occlusion of the middle cerebral artery or femoral artery. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression levels of differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs after ischemic postconditioning in a rat model of ischemic stroke. The results showed that ischemic postconditioning greatly affected the expression profile of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs in the brains of rats that underwent ischemic stroke. The predicted target genes of some of the identified long noncoding RNAs (cis targets) were related to the cellular response to ischemia and stress, cytokine signal transduction, inflammation, and apoptosis signal transduction pathways. In addition, 15 significantly differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were identified in the brains of rats subjected to ischemic postconditioning. Nine candidate long noncoding RNAs that may be related to ischemic postconditioning were identified by a long noncoding RNA expression profile and long noncoding RNA-mRNA co-expression network analysis. Expression levels were verified by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. These results suggested that the identified long noncoding RNAs may be involved in the neuroprotective effects associated with ischemic postconditioning following ischemic stroke. The experimental animal procedures were approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Kunming Medical University (approval No. KMMU2018018) in January 2018.

8.
Talanta ; 236: 122827, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635217

RESUMO

Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a global threat with significant attributable morbidity and mortality. Information on microfluidic detection for CM diagnosis is still limited. We developed a multifunctional microfluidic module that integrated the pathogen enrichment and on-chip nucleic acid extraction. The module adopted a simple filtration membrane to effectively capture Cryptococcus cells and simplify the process, and combined lyticase digestion, alkaline lysis and heating methods to optimize the strategy to achieve nucleic acid extraction. The entire process was operated in the module, which reduced the exposure risk of directly processing cryptococcal samples. A portable one-pot lyophilized LAMP reagent bead with no temperature limit was developed, which improved the flexibility of operation. This module did not require any additional instrument, and is promising to develop a simple, rapid, and efficient approach to realize the "sample in and answer out" detection of real CSF samples. This microfluidic module had practical prospects and is expected to replace LFA for efficacy evaluation and follow-up in the middle and late stages of CM treatment, and could be used as an auxiliary method to confirm cases with questionable LFA results in the early diagnosis of CM.


Assuntos
Meningite Criptocócica , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Meningite Criptocócica/diagnóstico , Microfluídica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126741, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352526

RESUMO

Hydrochar (AAHC) with rich carboxylate groups was prepared by one-step hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of bamboo and acrylic acid with the presence of ammonium persulphate, and then activated by a sodium hydroxide solution. AAHC was featured by elemental analysis, SEM, XPS, FTIR, Zeta potential analysis and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, and applied to test adsorptive ability of methylene blue (MB) by batch sorption experiments. Despite a small Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of 5.03 m2·g-1, AAHC has excellent MB adsorbing capacity owing to the richness of carboxylate groups. Compared with hydrochar produced without adding ammonium persulphate, AAHC exhibits larger BET surface, pore volume and carboxylate groups, indicating a small amount of ammonium persulfate plays an important role in HTC in addition to the free radical initiator. This work provides a facile and cheap method combining HTC and polymerization for preparation of carboxylate-rich hydrochar.


Assuntos
Azul de Metileno , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Acrilatos , Adsorção , Sulfato de Amônio , Azul de Metileno/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
10.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 209: 114529, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915325

RESUMO

The intestinal barrier dysfunction and the gut microbiota dysbiosis with excessive progress of inflammation contribute to the occurrence and acceleration of ulcerative colitis (UC). Painong Powder, a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, consists of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Paeoniae Radix Alba and Platycodonis Radix, which has been found to defend against colitis, but it is unclear whether its role in preventing UC is related to gut microbiota. This study aims to evaluate the effects of Painong-San extract (PNS) on UC and reveals the mechanisms related to gut microbiota. Firstly, a total of 125 chemical compounds, including 42 flavonoids, 29 triterpenoids, 21 monoterpenoids, 11 polyphenols, 6 limonoids, 5 alkaloids, 4 coumarins and 7 other compounds, were identified from PNS using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Then, the results in vivo studies demonstrated that PNS treatment reduced the weight loss and the disease activity index, prevented colon shortening and alleviated colonic tissue damage in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mice. The intestinal barrier damage was repaired after PNS administration through promoting the expression of tight junction proteins (claudin-1, occludin and zonula occludens-1). More interestingly, PNS regulated gut microbiota dysbiosis, suppressed the overgrowth of conditional pathogenic gut bacteria, such as Oscillospiraceae and Helicobacter, while the probiotic gut microbiota like Romboutsia, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Akkermansia were increased. Furthermore, PNS remarkably ameliorated colonic inflammatory response through inhibiting intestinal TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway by down-regulating the protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα. Taken together, PNS effectively improved DSS-induced colitis through the modulation of gut microbiota, restoration of intestinal barrier function and attenuation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling cascades, which may provide a new explanation of the mechanisms of PNS against UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colo/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/genética , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
11.
Pulm Circ ; 11(4): 20458940211059713, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881019

RESUMO

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and pulmonary function test are important methods for detecting human cardio-pulmonary function. Whether they could screen vasoresponsiveness in idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension (IPAH) patients remains undefined. One hundred thirty-two IPAH patients with complete data were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were classified as vasodilator-responsive (VR) group and vasodilator-nonresponsive (VNR) group on the basis of the acute vasodilator test. Pulmonary function test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were assessed subsequently and all patients were confirmed by right heart catheterization. We analyzed cardiopulmonary exercise testing and pulmonary function test data and derived a prediction rule to screen vasodilator-responsive patients in IPAH. Nineteen of VR-IPAH and 113 of VNR-IPAH patients were retrospectively enrolled. Compared with VNR-IPAH patients, VR-IPAH patients had less severe hemodynamic effects (lower RAP, m PAP, PAWP, and PVR). And VR-IPAH patients had higher anaerobic threshold (AT), peak partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2), oxygen uptake efficiency (OUEP), and FEV1/FVC (P all <0.05), while lower peak partial pressure of end-tidal oxygen (PETO2) and minute ventilation (VE)/carbon dioxide output (VCO2) slope (P all <0.05). FEV1/FVC (Odds Ratio [OR]: 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.26, P = 0.02) and PeakPETCO2 (OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.01-1.26, P = 0.04) were independent predictors of VR adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index. A novel formula (=-16.17 + 0.123 × PeakPETCO2 + 0.127×FEV1/FVC) reached a high area under the curve value of 0.8 (P = 0.003). Combined with these parameters, the optimal cutoff value of this model for detection of VR is -1.06, with a specificity of 91% and sensitivity of 67%. Compared with VNR-IPAH patients, VR-IPAH patients had less severe hemodynamic effects. Higher FEV1/FVC and higher peak PETCO2 were associated with increased odds for vasoresponsiveness. A novel score combining PeakPETCO2 and FEV1/FVC provides high specificity to predict VR patients among IPAH.

12.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 764306, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881235

RESUMO

The nucleic acid-based technique has been widely utilized in many fields including for on-site detection. However, traditional molecular detection techniques encounter limitations like relying on instruments, time consuming or complex operation, and cannot meet the demands of on-site testing. In this study, a rapid DNA extraction method (RDEM), recombinase aided amplification (RAA), and chemical heating packet (CHP) are integrated and termed as RRC platform for on-site detection of nucleic acid. For demonstration purposes, SHZD32-1 (a new transgenic soybean line from China) was detected using the novel platform to demonstrate its feasibility and capability for on-site detection. Using the RDEM, high-quality DNA appropriate for molecular detection was quickly extracted in 3-5 min. The heat energy generated by CHP was met the temperature requirements of RAA. Using the RRC platform, the whole detection process can be accomplished within only 30 min, and the results can be visually detected with glasses under blue light. No special or expensive instrument was needed for the detection process. This study provides a novel approach for on-site detection of nucleic acids besides providing valuable insight on related future research.

13.
Food Res Int ; 150(Pt A): 110733, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865752

RESUMO

Novel supramolecular nanofibrils assembled from food-grade saponin glycyrrhizic acid (GA) are effective building blocks to make complex multiphase systems, e.g., emulsion foams. In this work, the effects of different oil phases (castor oil, sunflower oil, dodecane, and limonene) on the formation, stability and structural properties of long-lived emulsion foams prepared by GA nanofibrils (GNs) were investigated. The obtained results showed that soft-solid emulsion foams (4 wt% GNs) can be fabricated, independently of oil phase, and their structural properties, viscoelasticity, and tribological properties can be well tuned by oil phase polarity. Compared to the GNs aqueous foams, the presence of jammed emulsion droplets in the liquid channels and at the surfaces of bubbles can provide a higher bubble stability for emulsion foams. For more polar oil phase (castor oil), GNs showed a higher affinity to the oil-water interface with a lower interfacial tension, thus forming smaller oil droplets and bubbles, which leads to the higher mechanical strength, denser network microstructures, and lower friction coefficients of emulsion foams. However, the limonene foam exhibited weak storage stability and rheological properties, as well as the relatively low lubrication, which may be related to the formation of oil droplet aggregates and clusters induced by the volatility of limonene. GN-based emulsion foams are thermoresponsive, independently of oils, and the temperature-switchable process for the destabilization and regeneration of foams can be controlled and repeated. These emulsion foams based on natural saponin nanofibrils with tunable properties have potential sustainable applications in foods, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products.

14.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 4253606, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868517

RESUMO

This study aims to design a set of the visual artificial intelligence system based on medical information mining for hospital emergency care management. A visual artificial intelligence emergency first aid nursing management system is designed by analyzing the needs of the emergency first aid nursing management system. The results show that system personnel allocation, comparative management, record management, query management analysis, basic setup analysis, nursing management basis, and nonfunctional requirements all need to be optimized for the emergency first aid management system. In this study, the comparative management module, log management module, and the query management module are designed, and the emergency first aid management system of different APP terminal functions in different modules is described in detail. The nursing document query business is tested, and the corresponding time of query of nursing assessment sheet, nurse shift record, nurse record, and physical sign observation sheet is 375.50 ms, 351.48 ms, 336.36 ms, and 245.57 ms, respectively. It shows that the visual artificial intelligence emergency nursing management system based on medical information mining can provide convenience for clinical work to a large extent and has potential application value in hospital emergency nursing work.

15.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4931-4948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858034

RESUMO

Introduction: In order to find the early diagnostic markers of AIDS combined with TM infection, we detected and analyzed the serum exosomal miRNAs of AIDS patients with or without TM infection. Materials and Methods: We profiled the expression levels of miRNAs via RNA sequencing in serum exosomes from the pooled samples of 17 AIDS patients combined without TM infection and 15 AIDS combined with TM infection patients. For external validation, we validated these results using real-time quantification polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in an independent cohort of 35 AIDS patients combined without TM infection and 33 AIDS combined with TM infection patients. Finally, bioinformatics was used to predict the target genes and pathways of meaningful miRNAs. Results: A total of 131 serum exosomal miRNAs including 73 up-regulated and 59 down-regulated miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed (log2FC≥1 and FDR <0.01) in the two groups. A validation analysis revealed that three miRNAs (miR-192-5p, miR-194-5p and miR-1246) were upregulated in exosomes from AIDS combined with TM infection patients. ROC analyses showed that the AUC in combined diagnosis of the three miRNAs was 0.742, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 0.568 and 0.861, respectively. In the biological process analysis, all the 3 miRNAs were involved in transcription, DNA-templated and positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter. At the same time, the related pathways were involved in TGF-ß signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG and cAMP signaling pathway, etc. Conclusion: miR-192-5p, miR-194-5p and miR-1246 in serum exosomes might be a potential biomarker for AIDS combined with TM infection patients, which may be involved in TGF-ß signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG and cAMP signaling pathway, etc. Further research is needed on the biological functions and mechanisms of these miRNAs.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(21): 213902, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860072

RESUMO

Monolithic optical parametric oscillators extend laser frequencies in compact architectures, but normally guide and circulate all pump, signal, and idler beams. Critical frequency matching is raised among these resonances, limiting operation stability and continuous tuning. Here, we develop a box resonator geometry that guides all beams but only resonates for signal. Such noncritical frequency matching enables 227 GHz continuous tuning, with sub-10 kHz linewidth and 0.43 W power at 3310 nm. Our results confirm that monolithic resonator can be effectively used as a tunable laser including midinfrared wavelength, as further harnessed with methane fine spectral measurement at MHz accuracy.

17.
Zookeys ; 1071: 109-126, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887696

RESUMO

Diglyphus species are ecologically and economically important on agromyzid leafminers. In 2018, a thelytokous species, Diglyphuswani Liu, Zhu & Yefremova, was firstly reported and described. Subsequently, the arrhenotokous D.wani were discovered in Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces of China. We compared the morphological characteristics of thelytokous and arrhenotokous strains. However, the females of two strains had a strongly similar morphology and showed subtle differences in fore- and hind-wings. The difference was that forewing of arrhenotokous female was with denser setae overall, showing that costal cell with 2 ~ 4 rows of setae on dorsal surface and the setae of basal cell with 15 ~ 21 hairs and forewing of thelytokous female was with two rows of setae on dorsal surface and basal cell with 10 ~ 15 hairs generally. The setation beneath the marginal vein of the hind-wing of arrhenotokous female is denser than the same area of thelytokous female. To explore the genetic divergence between thelytokous and arrhenotokous strains of D.wani, the mitochondrial and nuclear gene were applied and sequenced. The polygenic analyses revealed that two strains can be distinguished by COI, ITS1 and ITS2. The mean sequence divergence between the two strains was 0.052, 0.010 and 0.007, respectively. Nevertheless, the 28S gene was unfeasible due to its containing a sharing haplotype between different strains. The two strains of D.wani are dominant parasitoids against agromyzid leafminers and such effective discernible foundation provides future in-depth studies on biological characteristics, along with insight into field application of two strains of D.wani.

18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(51): 12180-12186, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918519

RESUMO

The interplay among collective electronic states like superconductivity (SC) and charge density wave (CDW) is of significance in transition metal dichalcogenides. To date, a consensus on the relationship between SC and CDW has not been established in IrTe2. Here we use the Au-assisted exfoliation method to cleave IrTe2 down to 10 nm. A striking feature is the concurrence of phase separation in a single piece of nanoflake, i.e., the superconducting (P3̅m1) and CDW (P3̅) phases. In the former area, the dimensional fluctuations suppress the CDW ordering and induce SC at 3.5 K. The CDW area at the phase boundary shows enhanced TCDW at 605 K (TCDW = 280 K in the bulk phase), which is accompanied by a unique wrinkle. Detailed analyses suggest that the strain-induced bond breaking of Te-Te dimers favors the CDW. Our works provide compelling evidence of competition between SC and CDW in IrTe2.

19.
Gene Expr Patterns ; 43: 119229, 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IFNLR1 has been recently identified to be related to autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (ADNSHL). It is reported to be expressed in the inner ear of mice and the lateral line of zebrafish. However, it remains unclear how defects in this gene lead to hearing loss. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the global gene expression changes in zebrafish when the expression of ifnlr1 is downregulated. METHODS: Transcriptome analysis was performed on ifnlr1 morpholino knockdown zebrafish and the control zebrafish using RNA-seq technology. RESULTS: The results show that 262 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were up-regulated while 146 DEGs were down-regulated in the E4I4-Mo zebrafish larvae compared to the control-Mo. Six pathways were significantly enriched, including steroid biosynthesis pathway, adipocytokine signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway, p53 signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathway. Among them, three pathways (steroid biosynthesis pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway and p53 signaling pathway) are immune-associated. CONCLUSIONS: The transcriptome analysis results contribute to the groundwork for future research on the pathogenesis of IFNLR1-associated hearing loss.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 767642, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925025

RESUMO

Lysozymes are naturally occurring enzymes present in a variety of biological organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, and animal bodily secretions and tissues. It is also the main ingredient of many ethnomedicines. It is well known that lysozymes and lysozyme-like enzymes can be used as anti-bacterial agents by degrading bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan that leads to cell death, and can also inhibit fungi, yeasts, and viruses. In addition to its direct antimicrobial activity, lysozyme is also an important component of the innate immune system in most mammals. Increasing evidence has shown the immune-modulatory effects of lysozymes against infection and inflammation. More recently, studies have revealed the anti-cancer activities of lysozyme in multiple types of tumors, potentially through its immune-modulatory activities. In this review, we summarized the major functions and underlying mechanisms of lysozymes derived from animal and plant sources. We highlighted the therapeutic applications and recent advances of lysozymes in cancers, hypertension, and viral diseases, aiming toseeking alternative therapies for standard medical treatment bypassing side effects. We also evaluated the role of lysozyme as a promising cancer marker for prognosis to indicate the outcomes recurrence for patients.

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