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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723618

RESUMO

Soybean 7S storage protein (ß-conglycinin) is the most important allergen, exhibits resistance in gastrointestinal (GI) digestion, and causes allergies in humans and animals. A previous study has demonstrated that 7S proteins contained innate amyloid aggregates, but the fate of these specific protein aggregates in intestinal digestion and correlation to allergenicity are unclear. In this study, via a modified INFOGEST static in vitro digestion and IgE binding test, we illustrate that the survived amyloid aggregates of soybean 7S protein in GI digestion might be dominant IgE epitopes of soybean protein in humans. The impact of conjugated primary bile acid salt (BS) profile on digestion resistance and immunogenicity of soybean protein is assessed, regarding the binding affinity of BS to protein aggregates with consideration of the BS composition and the physiologically relevant colloidal structure. The results show that chenodeoxycholate-containing colloidal structures exhibit high affinity and unfolding capacity to protein amyloid aggregates, promoting proteolysis by pancreatic enzymes and thus mitigating the antigenicity of soybean protein. This study presents a novel understanding of bile acid profile and colloidal structure influence on the digestibility and antigenicity of dietary proteins. It should be helpful to design in vitro digestion protocol and accurately replicate physiologically relevant digestion conditions.

2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 23(1): 7, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suanzaoren-Wuweizi herb-pair (SWHP), composed of Zizyphi Spinosi Semen (Suanzaoren in Chinese) and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus (Wuweizi in Chinese), is a traditional herbal formula that has been extensively used for the treatment of insomnia. The study aimed to explore the targets and signal pathways of Suanzaoren-Wuweizi (S-W) in the treatment of anxiety by network pharmacology, and to verify the pharmacodynamics and key targets of SWHP in mice. METHODS: The Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) as well as literature mining were used to obtain the main chemical ingredients of Suanzaoren and Wuweizi. The SwissTargetPrediction platform was used to predict drug-related targets. The GeneCards, TTD, DisGeNET and OMIM databases were used to obtain potential targets for the treatment of anxiety with the chemical components of S-W. Drug-disease intersection genes were selected, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using STRING. The core targets of S-W in the treatment of anxiety were selected according to the topological parameters, and GO functional enrichment as well as KEGG pathways enrichment analyses were performed for potential targets. The relationship network of the "drug-active ingredient-disease-target-pathway" was constructed through Cytoscape 3.8.0. The pharmacodynamics of SWHP in the treatment of anxiety was evaluated by the elevated plus maze (EPM), the light/dark box test (LDB) and the open field test (OFT). The mechanisms were examined by measuring monoamine neurotransmitters in brain of mice. RESULTS: The results showed that there were 13 active ingredients for the treatment of anxiety in the network. This includes sanjoinenine, swertisin, daucosterol, schizandrer B, wuweizisu C and gomisin-A. Additionally, there were 148 targets, such as AKT1, TNF, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, EGFR, ESR1, HSP90AA1, CCND1, and DRD2, mainly involved in neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions, the Serotonergic synapse pathway and the cAMP signaling pathway. After 1 week of treatment, SWHP (2 and 3 g/kg) induced a significant increase on the percentage of entries into and time spent on the open arms of the EPM. In the LDB test, SWHP exerted anxiolytic-like effect at 2 g/kg. In the open-field test, SWHP (2 g/kg) increased the number of central entries and time spent in central areas. The levels of brain monoamines (5-HT and DA) and their metabolites (5-HIAA, DOPAC) were decreased after SWHP treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The anti-anxiety effect of SWHP may be mediated by regulating 5-HT, DA and other signaling pathways. These findings demonstrated that SWHP produced an anxiolytic-like effect and the mechanism of action involves the serotonergic and dopaminergic systems, although underlying mechanism remains to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Ansiolíticos , Schisandra , Animais , Camundongos , Ansiolíticos/farmacologia , Farmacologia em Rede , Serotonina
3.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 45(1): 555-570, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661523

RESUMO

Wogonin is one of the main active components of Scutellaria baicalensis, which has anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenesis, and anti-fibrosis effects. Nevertheless, the effect of wogonin on pulmonary hypertension (PH) still lacks systematic research. This study aims to elucidate the potential mechanism of wogonin against PH through network pharmacology and further verify it through biological experiments in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). The potential targets and pathways of wogonin against PH were predicted and analyzed by network pharmacology methods and molecular docking technology. Subsequently, the proliferation of PASMCs was induced by platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Cell viability and migration ability were examined. The method of Western blot was adopted to analyze the changes in related signaling pathways. Forty potential targets related to the effect of wogonin against PH were obtained. Based on the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, gene-ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment, and molecular docking, it was shown that the effect of wogonin against PH is closely related to the proliferation of PASMCs and the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) pathway. A variety of results from biological experiments verified that wogonin can effectively inhibit the proliferation, migration, and phenotypic transformation of PDGF-BB-mediated PASMCs. In addition, the anti-proliferation effect of wogonin may be achieved by regulating HIF-1/ NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) pathway.

4.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anoctamin-1 (ANO1) was identified as an unfavorable prognostic marker in pancreatic cancer. However, the exact implication of ANO1 in pancreatic cancer is still poorly understood. Here we investigated the effect of ANO1 in pancreatic cancer progression under the context of oncogenic KRAS, aiming at finding a new therapeutic target. METHODS: Knockdown and overexpression of oncogenic KRAS as well as ANO1 in PDAC cell lines were performed by lentivirus infection. Cell proliferation and migration assay, RNA seq analysis were performed in PDAC cells bearing different status of ANO1 and KRAS. In vivo mice model was used to investigate the xenograft tumor growth with different status of KRAS and ANO1. RESULTS: Our results showed that ANO1 expression level is elevated in poorly differentiated cancer cells. Overexpression of ANO1 in PDAC cancer cells was found to promote cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, which synergized with the introduction of oncogenic KRAS. Consistently, knockdown of ANO1 expression was found to suppress cancer growth in vitro and in vivo. RNA seq analysis revealed that the observed synergistic cancer-promoting effect from ANO1 and oncogenic KRAS is likely due to concurrent activating key genes involved in lipid metabolism including HMGCS1. CONCLUSION: The outcome from our study suggests that ANO1 plays an important role in promoting pancreatic cancer development, especially at the presence of oncogenic KRAS. Considering the prevalence of KRAS mutation in pancreatic cancer patients, suppression ANO1 may represent a potential effective therapeutic measure in pancreatic cancer treatment.

5.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1643, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717635

RESUMO

The instability of rock slope is still a very frequent geological disaster, which seriously affects people's life and production activities. Previous studies have mainly focused on deformation mechanism, prediction, and control of hard rock with single lithology, while there are limited studies on the theoretic computational method of the stability for soft-hard interbedded anti-inclined rock strata. In this study, a geomechanical model for the toppling failure of soft-hard-interbedded anti-inclined rock slope is established. The modes of failure for soft and hard rock strata are analyzed, the computational formula of the downward thrust for each anti-inclined rock stratum is derived, and the stability safety factor of each rock stratum is defined. A theoretical computational method for determining the potentially most dangerous failure surface of soft-hard-interbedded anti-inclined rock slope is proposed. By comparing with the existing research results, the theoretical solving method proposed in this study can well solve the location of the potentially most dangerous failure surface of soft-hard-interbedded anti-inclined rock slope. The potentially most dangerous failure surface of this kind of slope is approximately planar, and the angle between it and the normal plane of the rock strata is an acute angle within 30°. It provides theoretical support for the stability analysis of this kind of slope.

6.
Gene ; 857: 147181, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623676

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to explore the potential molecular mechanism associated with shear stress on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression. This study performed RNA sequencing on AAA patients (SQ), AAA patients after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR, SH), and normal controls (NC). Furthermore, we identified the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNA (cirRNAs) and constructed competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Finally, 164 differentially expressed miRNAs, 179 co-differentially expressed lncRNAs, and 440 co-differentially expressed circRNAs among the three groups were obtained. The differentially expressed miRNAs mainly enriched in 325 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Target genes associated with co-differentially expressed genes among the group of SH, SQ, and NC mainly enriched in 66 KEGG pathways. LncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions, including 15 lncRNAs, 63 miRNAs and 57 mRNAs, was constructed. CircRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network included 79 circRNAs, 21 miRNAs, and 49 mRNAs. Among them, KLRC2 and CSTF1, targeted by miR-125b, participated in cell-mediated immunity regulation. MiR-320-related circRNAs and SATB1-AS1 serving as the sponge of miRNAs, such as has-circ-0129245, has-circ-0138746, and has-circ-0139786, were hub genes in ceRNA network. In conclusion, AAA patients might be benefit from EVAR based on various pathways and some molecules, such as miR-125b and SATB1-AS1, related with shear stress.

7.
J Econ Entomol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625153

RESUMO

Hymenopteran parasitoids generally show a haplo-diploid sex determination system. Haploid males are produced from unfertilized eggs, whereas diploid females develop from fertilized eggs (arrhenotokous). In some cases, diploid females develop from unfertilized eggs (thelytokous). Diglyphus wani (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a biological control agent for agromyzid leafminers and have arrhenotokous and thelytokous strains. However, the morphological characteristics of two strains of D. wani are so similar that it is difficult to accurately distinguish them based on morphology. Here, a rapid molecular identification method was developed based on the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) and one-step multiplex PCR. Two primer combinations, PC1 (Ar-F1/Th-F1/WR2) and PC2 (Ar-F1/Th-F4/WR2), were designed and repeatedly screened to distinguish two strains simultaneously, of which two special forward primers Th-F1/Th-F4 were used for the thelytokous strain and one special forward primer Ar-F1 was used for the arrhenotokous strain. In addition, a common reverse primer, WR2, was used for both strains. The PC1 and PC2 PCR assays were effective in distinguishing the two strains at different developmental stages and field colonies. This method provides a reliable, highly sensitive, and cost-effective tool for the rapid identification of the two strains of D. wani.

8.
Acta Diabetol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625925

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the effect and mechanism of autologous blood transfusion impeding glycolysis in macrophages and inhibiting red blood cells (RBCs) injury in type 2 diabetes through PI3K/Akt/PKM2 signaling axis. METHODS: Cell transfection were performed and diabetic mice model was constructed. The group were divided into control (NC) and type 2 diabetes model (T2D). T2D model mice were injected with preserved autologous blood, si-PI3K, si-PKM2, si-NC Tran+T2D, (Tran+T2D+si-PI3K, Tran+T2D si-PKM2, Tran+T2D+si-NC) through tail vein. The anti-oxidative effects of transfusion of autologous blood in CD14+ monocytes were detected. The expression of PI3K/Akt/PKM2 protein in CD14+ monocytes were examined by western blot. Effect of autologous blood transfusion ameliorating RBCs injury by regulating PI3K and PKM2 in T2D mice were detected. RESULTS: Effects on oxidative stress in T2D mice were all overturned after autologous blood transfusion in T2D mice. The results manifested that the levels of PI3K, pAkt and PKM2 were downregulated, while the expression of HIF-1α was upregulated in CD14+ monocytes from T2D mice, whereas these influences were all effectively reversed by autologous blood transfusion in T2D mice. The survival rate of RBCs in the serum of T2D mice was declined in the serum of T2D mice, while the effect was reversed by the autologous blood transfusion. CONCLUSION: Autologous blood transfusion can reduce glycolysis in macrophages and inhibit the release of inflammatory factors through the PI3K/PKM2 signal axis, thereby inhibiting red blood cell damage and improving the oxygen-carrying capacity and survival activity of RBCs in diabetic patients.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2023: 1277258, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644162

RESUMO

In this study, the expression of Cripto-1 and the role of macrophage polarization in immune response after allogeneic transfusion were analyzed by constructing a mouse model of allogeneic transfusion. In order to analyze the effects of miR-449a on the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway and the expression of downstream related regulatory factors under normal and abnormal conditions, we adopt in vitro and in vivo experiments separately. The molecular mechanism of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway was analyzed by blocking or activating gene expression and western blotting. Experiment in vitro has confirmed that inhibition of miR-449a increased the protein expression of Cripto-1. In vivo experiments confirmed that allogeneic transfusion reduced the expression of Cripto-1, which further inhibited NF-κB signaling pathway through AKT/PI3K phosphorylation, regulated macrophage polarization, inhibited M1 polarization of macrophages, promoted M2 polarization, and thus affected immune response of the body.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and quality of life concerning SSLF using conventional instruments for Chinese women with symptomatic stage 2 and 3 apical prolapse. METHOD: This single-arm prospective cohort study was conducted at our hospital between October 2011 and December 2018. Eligible participants were followed up over 3 years after surgery. The primary surgical outcome was composite surgical failure. Secondary outcomes included satisfactory rate, quality of life (QoL) scores and long-term complications. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients were enrolled (mean age, 57.1 years), of whom 55 (93.22%) completed 3-year follow-up. At year 3, the composite failure rate was 21.34% (95%CI 9.30% -31.79%), and satisfactory rate was 81.40% (95%CI 66.09% -91.08%). Right thigh pain and de novo dyspareunia occurred in 1.8% and 14.6% patients after year 1, but at year 3 there was none. 5.5% patients had lower urinary tract symptoms. Improvement in urinary symptoms and prolapse symptoms was found, but sexual function showed no significant change. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with results at year 1, complication rates of SSLF decreased at year 3. The composite failure rate was relatively low and satisfactory rate relatively high at year.3. Prolapse and urinary symptoms improved significantly after surgery.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 577-581, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018180

RESUMO

Axon regeneration of central neurons is a complex process that is tightly regulated by multiple extrinsic and intrinsic factors. The expression levels of distinct genes are changed after central neural system (CNS) injury and affect axon regeneration. A previous study identified dusp2 as an upregulated gene in zebrafish with spinal cord injury. Here, we found that dual specificity phosphatase 2 (DUSP2) is a negative regulator of axon regeneration of the Mauthner cell (M-cell). DUSP2 is a phosphatase that mediates the dephosphorylation of JNK. In this study, we knocked out dusp2 by CRISPR/Cas9 and found that M-cell axons of dusp2-/- zebrafish had a better regeneration at the early stage after birth (within 8 days after birth), while those of dusp2+/- zebrafish did not. Overexpression of DUSP2 in Tg (Tol 056) zebrafish by single-cell electroporation retarded the regeneration of M-cell axons. Western blotting results showed that DUSP2 knockout slightly increased the levels of phosphorylated JNK. These findings suggest that knocking out DUSP2 promoted the regeneration of zebrafish M-cell axons, possibly through enhancing JNK phosphorylation.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(1): 749-759, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534616

RESUMO

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 FAs) are essential nutrients and are considered effective in improving human health. Recent studies highlight the importance of the combination of n-3 FAs and polyphenols for limiting the oxidation of n-3 FAs and exhibiting synergistic beneficial effects. Herein, we developed a novel formulation technology to prepare oleogels that could be used for the codelivery of n-3 FAs and polyphenols with high loading efficacy and oxidative stability. These oleogels are made from algal oil with polyphenol-enriched whey protein microgel (WPM) particles as gelling agents via simple and scalable ball milling technology. The oxidative status, fatty acid composition, and volatiles of protein oleogels during accelerated storage were systematically assessed by stoichiometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. These results showed that protein oleogels could overcome several challenges associated with the formulation of n-3 oils, including long-term oxidative stability and improved sensory and textural properties. The protein oleogel system could provide an excellent convenience for formulating multiple nutrients and nutraceuticals with integrating health effects, which are expected to be used in the care of highly vulnerable populations, including children, the elderly, and patients.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Polifenóis , Criança , Humanos , Idoso , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/química , Ácidos Graxos/química
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(20): 5584-5590, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471976

RESUMO

Danzhi Xiaoyao Powder is a classical prescription for anxiety. This study aims to analyze the effect of this medicine on mitochondrial morphology and function of anxiety rats and explore the mechanism of it against anxiety. Specifically, uncertain empty bottle drinking water stimulation(21 days) was employed to induce anxiety in rats. The elevated plus-maze test and open field test were respectively performed on the 7 th, the 14 th, and the 21 st days of the stimulation, so as to detect the anxiety-related protein index brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) and evaluate the anxiety level of animals. On this basis, the effect of this prescription on anxiety rats was preliminarily evaluated. After the behavioral test on the 21 st day, rats were killed and the brain tissues were separated for the observation of the mitochondrial morphology and the determination of mitochondrial function-related indicators and the adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK) level. The results showed that Danzhi Xiaoxiao Powder could alleviate the anxiety-like behavior of rats, significantly increase the percentage of time in open arm in elevated plus-maze test and the ration of activity time in the central area of the field, dose-dependently raise the activity levels of respiratory chain complex Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ and the adenosine triphosphate(ATP) content, and elevate the levels of BDNF and phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPK). Clear structure and intact morphology of mitochondrial cristae in medial prefrontal cortex cells and amygdala were observed in the Danzhi Xiaoyao Powder group. In summary, Danzhi Xiaoyao Powder exerts therapeutic effect on anxiety, and the mechanism is the likelihood that p-AMPK protects the structure and maintains the function of mitochondria.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Ratos , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Pós , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the value of dose distribution-based dosiomics and planning CT-based radiomics to predict radiation-induced temporal lobe injury (TLI) and guide individualized intensity-modulated radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5599 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients were enrolled, including 2503, 1072, 988, and 1036 patients in the training, validation, prospective test, and external test cohorts, respectively. The concordance index (C-index) was used to compare the performance of the radiomics and dosiomics models with that of the QUANTEC and Wen's models. The predicted TLI-free survival rates of redesigned simulated plans with the same dose-volume histogram but different dose distributions for same patient in a cohort of 30 randomly selected patients were compared by the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test. RESULTS: The radiomics and dosiomics signatures were constructed based on 30 selected CT features and 10 selected dose distribution features, respectively, which were important predictors of TLI-free survival (all P<0.001). However, the radiomics signature had a low C-index. The dosiomics risk model combining the dosiomics signature, D1cc, and age had favorable performance, with C-index values of 0.776, 0.811, 0.805, and 0.794 in the training, validation, prospective test, and external test cohorts, respectively, which were better than those of the QUANTEC model and Wen's model (all P<0.001). The dosiomics risk model can further distinguish patients in a same risk category divided by other models (all P<0.05). Conversely, the other models were unable to separate populations classified by the dosiomics risk model (all P>0.05). Two simulated plans with the same dose-volume histogram but different dose distributions had different TLI-free survival rates predicted by dosiomics risk model (all P≤0.002). CONCLUSION: The dosiomics risk model was superior to traditional models in predicting the risk of TLI. This is a promising approach to precisely predict radiation-induced toxicities and guide individualized intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

15.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 7249-7257, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533254

RESUMO

Background: Aspergillus spp. infection in immunocompromised patients results in increasing morbidity and mortality. This study investigated clinical and microbiological characteristics of aspergillosis in a Chinese tertiary teaching hospital. Methods: A total of 114 patients with aspergillosis were included over a 5-year period at Ruijin Hospital. In sum, 114 Aspergillus strains were isolated and identified at species level using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, confirmed by ITS gene region and ß-tubulin (BenA) gene sequencing. Sensititre YeastOne was used in vitro to test susceptibility to antifungal drugs: amphotericin B, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, isavuconazole, micafungin, anidulafungin, and caspofungin. Results: The median age of the patients was 61 (19) years, men accounted for 53.5% (n=61) of the sample, about 64% were immunocompromised, and 36% had underlying diseases. Pulmonary diseases accounted for 27.2%. Aspergillus isolates were mainly isolated from sputum (n=42, 36.8%). Antifungal therapy was administered to 106 (93.0%) patients and voriconazole (n=76, 66.7%) was the most frequently used as empirical therapy. Aspergillus fumigatus (n=69, 60.5%) was the most common species. There was a 73.7% concordance between MALDI-TOF MS and molecular identification. All Aspergillus isolates showed good susceptibility to anidulafungin and caspofungin. Conclusion: Immunocompromised patients are an at-risk population for aspergillosis, and voriconazole was used as empirical therapy in Ruijin Hospital, China. A. fumigatus was the predominant Aspergillus species causing aspergillosis, and A. flavus - as non-A. fumigatus species are increasing - the second-leading cause of aspergillosis. Anidulafungin and caspofungin were the most active in vitro against the Aspergillus isolates tested. The MALDI-TOF MS method showed good accuracy for identification of common Aspergillus spp. In vitro antifungal-susceptibility testing is crucially important for decisions on effective therapy with aspergillosis.

16.
Pharm Dev Technol ; : 1-10, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541732

RESUMO

A satisfactory clinical effect in treating periodontitis is often difficult to achieve by conventional non-surgical systemic drug delivery due to the narrow anatomical structure of the periodontal pocket and insufficient drug concentration at lesion sites. In addition, the feasibility of combating periodontal tissue lesions by restoring the alveolar bone and allowing collagen regeneration has not been fully explored. The objective of this study was to prepare a microemulsion integrating the anti-inflammatory and osteogenic active ingredients of baicalin and clove oil (BC-MEs). Then, the composite hydrogel obtained by mixing poloxamer 407 and 188 was used as the thermosensitive gel matrix to load BC-MEs and form a drug reservoir (Gel-BC-MEs) injectable in situ. Gel-BC-MEs exhibited a significant, sustained release of baicalin for 12 h, gelation temperature was 33.4 ± 0.36 °C, and pH was 5.45 ± 0.12. The experiment on a rat periodontitis model demonstrated that Gel-BC-MEs significantly improved periodontal tissue repair by collagen regeneration and osteogenesis by inhibiting osteoclast infiltration. This study proposes a novel strategy for periodontal tissue repair by enhancing the therapeutic potential of a microemulsion using an in situ nano-gel delivery system.

17.
RSC Adv ; 12(54): 35290-35299, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36540231

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are widely used in the adsorption separation of various gases. A fundamental understanding of the effective separation of xylene isomers helps improve aromatic products' separation efficiency and reduce industrial separation costs. Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations combined with Molecular Science is widely used to predict gas adsorption and diffusion in single crystals with metal-organic frameworks. We performed a GCMC + MD combined approach to study xylene isomers' adsorption and separation in Cu-HKUST-1 to predict the permeability and selectivity of the ternary gas mixture in the MOF with the adsorption and diffusion usage data. Most current studies take into account the computational cost and difficulty. Most recent research models are limited to the adsorption of a single or specific molecule, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon dioxide, etc. For this reason, we report an attempt to study the adsorption separation of aromatic gases (p-xylene/o-xylene/m-xylene) based on Cu-HKUST-1 single-crystal materials based on some previous research methods with an appropriate increase in computational cost. To predict the adsorption selectivity and permeability of the ternary mixture of xylene isomers on the MOF surface, the model simulation calculates key parameters of gas adsorption, including gas adsorption volume (N), the heat of adsorption (Q st), Henry coefficient (K), and diffusion coefficient (D).

18.
Curr Med Imaging ; 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of computed tomography-guided localization needle (LN) and methylene blue (MB) for pulmonary nodule localization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2019 and January 2022, 547 patients underwent computed tomography-guided LN (n=171) or MB (n=376) localization and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) resection. RESULTS: In total, 171 and 376 nodules were localized via LN and MB, respectively, with respective technical localization success rates of 92.98 % and 88.56 % (p = 0.111). The pulmonary nodule localization time was significantly shorter for the MB group than for the LN group (p < 0.05). However, the rates of total complication, chest pain, and cough were significantly lower in the LN group (c2 = 8.251/25.092/5.127, all p < 0.05). Furthermore, the LN group had a shorter VATS time than the MB group (p < 0.05). The VATS achieved a 100% operation success rate in both groups, and there was no significance between groups with respect to the types of surgery (p > 0.05) or the blood loss (p > 0.05). Moreover, logistic regression analysis showed that the localization technique was an independent risk factor for total complications and chest pain. CONCLUSION: Both techniques can effectively localize pulmonary nodules before VATS. MB had a shorter localization time, but the LN had a shorter VATS time and a lower incidence of complications, especially chest pain.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499273

RESUMO

Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most important oil crops in the world. The planting area and output of rapeseed are affected by the flowering time, which is a critical agronomic feature. COL9 controls growth and development in many different plant species as a member of the zinc finger transcription factor family. However, BnaCOL9 in rapeseed has not been documented. The aim of this study was to apply CRISPR/Cas9 technology to create an early-flowering germplasm resource to provide useful material for improving the early-maturing breeding of rapeseed. We identified four COL9 homologs in rapeseed that were distributed on chromosomes A05, C05, A03, and C03. We successfully created quadruple BnaCOL9 mutations in rapeseed using the CRISPR/Cas9 platform. The quadruple mutants of BnaCOL9 flowered earlier than the wild-type. On the other hand, the flowering time of the BnaCOL9 overexpression lines was delayed. An analysis of the expression patterns revealed that these genes were substantially expressed in the leaves and flowers. A subcellular localization experiment demonstrated that BnaCOL9 was in the nucleus. Furthermore, we discovered that two key flowering-related genes, BnaCO and BnaFT, were highly elevated in the BnaCOL9 mutants, but dramatically downregulated in the BnaCOL9 overexpression lines. Our findings demonstrate that BnaCOL9 is a significant flowering inhibitor in rapeseed and may be employed as a crucial gene for early-maturing breeding.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Brassica napus/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Mutagênese , Flores/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
20.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(16): 1696-1701, 2022 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546049

RESUMO

The lunar soils evolution over time is mainly caused by space weathering that includes the impacts of varying-sized meteoroids and charged particles implantation of solar/cosmic winds as well. It has long been established that space weathering leads to the formation of outmost amorphous layers (50-200 nm in thickness) embedded nanophase iron (npFe0) around the mineral fragments, albeit the origin of the npFe0 remains controversial . The Chang'e-5 (CE-5) mission returned samples feature the youngest mare basalt and the highest latitude sampling site , providing an opportunity to seek the critical clues for understanding the evolution of soils under space weathering. Here, we report the surface microstructures of the major minerals including olivine, pyroxene, anorthite, and glassy beads in the lunar soil of CE-5. Unlike the previous observations, only olivine in all crystals is surrounded by a thinner outmost amorphous SiO2 layer (∼10 nm thick) and embedded wüstite nanoparticles FeO (np-FeO, 3-12 nm in size) instead of npFe0. No foreign volatile elements deposition layer and solar flare tracks can be found on the surface or inside the olivine and other minerals. This unique rim structure has not been reported for any other lunar, terrestrial, Martian, or meteorite samples so far. The observation of wüstite FeO and the microstructures support the existence of an intermediate stage in space weathering for lunar minerals by thermal decomposition.


Assuntos
Marte , Solo , Animais , Feminino , Cavalos , Dióxido de Silício , Meio Ambiente Extraterreno , Minerais/química
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