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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(6): 501-512, 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early detection of advanced cystic mucinous neoplasms [(A-cMNs), defined as high-grade dysplasia or malignancy] of the pancreas is of great significance. As a simple and feasible detection method, serum tumor markers (STMs) may be used to predict advanced intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs). However, there are few studies on the usefulness of STMs other than carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 for early detection of A-cMNs. AIM: To study the ability of five STMs-CA19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), CA125, CA724, and CA242 to predict A-cMNs and distinguish IPMNs and MCNs. METHODS: We mainly measured the levels of each STM in patients pathologically diagnosed with cMNs. The mean levels of STMs and the number of A-cMN subjects with a higher STM level than the cutoff were compared respectively to identify the ability of STMs to predict A-cMNs and distinguish MCNs from IPMNs. A receiver operating characteristic curve with the area under curve (AUC) was also created to identify the performance of the five STMs. RESULTS: A total of 187 patients with cMNs were identified and 72 of them showed A-cMNs. We found that CA19-9 exhibited the highest sensitivity (SE) (54.2%) and accuracy (76.5%) and a moderate ability (AUC = 0.766) to predict A-cMNs. In predicting high-grade dysplasia IPMNs, the SE of CA19-9 decreased to 38.5%. The ability of CEA, CA125, and CA724 to predict A-cMNs was low (AUC = 0.651, 0.583, and 0.618, respectively). The predictive ability of CA242 was not identified. The combination of STMs improved the SE to 62.5%. CA125 may be specific to the diagnosis of advanced MCNs. CONCLUSION: CA19-9 has a moderate ability, and CEA, CA125, and CA724 have a low ability to predict A-cMNs. The combination of STM testing could improve SE in predicting A-cMNs.

2.
Vet Microbiol ; 254: 109011, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610013

RESUMO

Glaesserella parasuis is the causative agent of Glässer's disease in swine. Serotyping plays an essential role in prevalence investigations and in the development of vaccination strategies for the prevention of this disease. Molecular serotyping based on variation within the capsule loci of the 15 serovars is more accurate and efficient than traditional serological serotyping. To reduce the running time and facilitate ease of data interpretation, we developed a simple and rapid cycle threshold (Ct) value-based real time PCR (qPCR) method for the identification and serotyping of G. parasuis. The qPCR method distinguished between all 15 serovar reference strains of G. parasuis with efficiency values ranging between 85.5 % and 110.4 % and, R2 values > 0.98. The qPCR serotyping was evaluated using 83 clinical isolates with 43 of the isolates having been previously assigned to a serovar by the gel immuno-diffusion (GID) assay and 40 non-typeable isolates. The qPCR results of 41/43 (95.3 %) isolates were concordant with the GID assay except two isolates of serovar 12 were assigned to serovar 5. In addition, the qPCR serotyping assigned a serovar to each of the 40 non-typeable isolates. Of the 83 isolates tested to assign a serovar, a concordance rate of 98.8 % (82/83) was determined between the qPCR and the previously reported multiplex PCR of Howell et al. (2015) (including those that were either serovars 5 or 12). Despite the inability to differentiate between serovars 5 and 12, the Ct value-based qPCR serotyping represents an attractive alternative to current molecular serotyping method for G. parasuis and could be used for both epidemiological monitoring and the guidance of vaccination programs.

3.
Eye (Lond) ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports an individualised approach rather than radical surgery for conjunctival melanoma (CM). This study aimed to compare the long-term outcome between individualised and conventional exenteration techniques. METHODS: Our study retrospectively recruited advanced CM (clinical T3 stage) patients treated with individualised (13 cases) or conventional (18 cases) exenteration from June 2014 to April 2019. The individualised approach preserved at least three quadrants of the orbit, and the conventional procedures removed at least one third of the orbital tissues. The medical records were collected and analyzed during April 2020, including demographics, tumour characteristics, surgical details, postoperative rehabilitation and tumour-related prognosis. RESULTS: The tumour basal diameter was statistically (P = 0.011) larger in the conventional group (23.3 ± 7.6 mm) than in the individualised group (15.4 ± 6.3 mm). More tissues were preserved in the individualised group, resulting in a shorter duration of wound healing (2.1 ± 0.6 vs. 3.6 ± 2.0 weeks, P = 0.018) and less incidence of hollow appearance (15% vs. 72%, P = 0.003) than the conventional group. After follow-up for 39.3 ± 17.3 months, a comparison of survival curves showed no significant differences (P = 0.638) between the two groups. The 1- and 2-year overall survival rates were estimated as 100% and 80.0% in the individualised group, and 93.8% and 72.5% in the conventional group, respectively. Low or mixed pigmentation was identified as the risk factor for tumour-related mortality based on multivariate regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The individualised approach to exenteration offers improved aesthetic results while still maximises the curable chance for advanced CM.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621178

RESUMO

We propose a new video vectorization approach for converting videos in the raster format to vector representation with the benefits of resolution independence and compact storage. Through classifying extracted curves on each video frame as salient ones and non-salient ones, we introduce a novel bipartite diffusion curves (BDCs) representation in order to preserve both important image features such as sharp boundaries and regions with smooth color variation. This bipartite representation allows us to propagate non-salient curves across frames such that the propagation in conjunction with geometry optimization and color optimization of salient curves ensures the preservation of fine details within each frame and across different frames, and meanwhile, achieves good spatial-temporal coherence. Thorough experiments on a variety of videos show that our method is capable of converting videos to the vector representation with low reconstruction errors, low computational cost and fine details, demonstrating our superior performance over the state-of-the-arts. Our approach can also produce comparable results to video super-resolution.

6.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): 321-332, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487499

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the relative efficacy of maxillary protraction combined with a modified alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) protocol compared with conventional protocols in the early orthopedic treatment of skeletal Class III malocclusion. METHODS: A sample of 39 patients was divided into 3 groups on the basis of different interventions. Conventional facemask (FM) with splint-type intraoral devices was performed in the FM group (7 males and 5 females; mean age, 9.53 ± 1.37 years). Maxillary expansion with an activation rate of 0.5 mm/d (twice a day) followed by FM therapy was applied in the rapid maxillary expansion group (RME/FM) (6 males and 6 females; mean age, 9.31 ± 1.60 years). In the Alt-RAMEC/FM group (7 males and 8 females; mean age, 10.01 ± 1.31 years), Alt-RAMEC was started simultaneously and throughout the entire course of maxillary protraction, with repetitive alternations between activation and deactivation of expanders (0.5 mm/d for 7 days). The patients in all groups were instructed to wear FMs for a minimum of 12 h/d. Pretreatment and posttreatment lateral cephalograms were all traced and measured. RESULTS: The Alt-RAMEC group showed statistically more significant maxillary advancement than other groups (A-VRP, 3.87 mm vs 3.04 mm [RME/FM], vs 2.04 mm [FM]; P <0.05). Analysis of variance did not reveal significant intergroup differences in palatal plane angulation changes (P >0.05). No pronounced mandibular clockwise rotations were noted in the Alt-RAMEC/FM group with distinct intergroup differences (P <0.05). There were more skeletal effects (88.7%) during overjet correction in the Alt-RAMEC/FM protocol. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of the modified Alt-RAMEC protocol with FM revealed more favorable skeletal effects compared with FM and RME/FM protocols in treating prepubertal patients with maxillary deficiency.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 588: 19-30, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387821

RESUMO

Photocatalytic technology assisted via peroxymonosulfate (PMS) has good potential in water treatment. In this study, the Co3O4/Bi2WO6 composite was constructed via an in-situ calcination process and used to activate PMS for the degradation of ciprofloxacin (CIP) under visible light irradiation. The obtained 5 wt% Co3O4/Bi2WO6(CBWO-2) can highly effectively remove 86.2% CIP within 5 min visible light irradiation in presence of PMS. The excellent degradation performance of Co3O4/Bi2WO6/PMS system can be attributed to the synergistic effect between p-n heterojunction and PMS activation. The conduction band and valence band deviation between Co3O4 and Bi2WO6 were calculated by XPS techniques. Besides, DFT calculations were performed to further confirm the internal structure between Co3O4 and Bi2WO6. This work not only provides an approach to fabricate heterostructures but also indicated that Co3O4/Bi2WO6/PMS/Vis system is a potential environment remediation alternative for the efficient removal of recalcitrant organic compounds from wastewaters.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(5): 6710-6719, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512147

RESUMO

Water contaminated with low concentrations of pollutants is more difficult to clean up than that with high pollutant content levels. Membrane separation provides a solution for removing low pollutant content from water. However, membranes are prone to fouling, losing separation performances over time. Here we synthesized neutral (IM-NH2) and positively charged (IL-NH2) imidazole derivatives to chemically functionalize membranes. With distinct properties, these imidazole grafts could tailor membrane physicochemical properties and structures to benefit forward osmosis (FO) processes for the removal of 20-100 ppm of Safranin O dye-a common dye employed in the textile industry. The water fluxes produced by IM-NH2- and IL-NH2-modified membranes increased by 67% and 122%, respectively, with DI water as the feed compared to that with the nascent membrane. A 39% flux increment with complete dye retention (∼100%) was achieved for the IL-NH2-modified membrane against 100 ppm of Safranin O dye. Regardless of the dye concentration, the IL-NH2-modified membrane exhibited steadily higher permeation performance than the original membrane in long-term experiments. Reproducible experimental results were obtained with the IL-NH2-modified membrane after cleaning with DI water, demonstrating the good antifouling properties and renewability of the newly developed membrane.

9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 213: 113154, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476932

RESUMO

In this study, a series of multifunctional hybrids against Alzheimer's disease were designed and obtained by conjugating the pharmacophores of xanthone and alkylbenzylamine through the alkyl linker. Biological activity results demonstrated that compound 4j was the most potent and balanced dual ChEs inhibitor with IC50 values 0.85 µM and 0.59 µM for eeAChE and eqBuChE, respectively. Kinetic analysis and docking study indicated that compound 4j was a mixed-type inhibitor for both AChE and BuChE. Additionally, it exhibited good abilities to penetrate BBB, scavenge free radicals (4.6 trolox equivalent) and selectively chelate with Cu2+ and Al3+ at a 1:1.4 ligand/metal molar ratio. Importantly, after assessments of cytotoxic and acute toxicity, we found compound 4j could improve memory function of scopolamine-induced amnesia mice. Hence, the compound 4j can be considered as a promising lead compound for further investigation in the treatment of AD.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(3): 4242-4257, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495407

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide, and its prognosis is still not optimistic. Oxaliplatin is a type of platinum chemotherapeutic agent, but its treatment effects on OSCC and molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Parthanatos, a unique form of cell death, plays an important role in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. This study aims to investigate whether oxaliplatin inhibits OSCC by inducing parthanatos. Our results showed that oxaliplatin inhibited the proliferation and migration of OSCC cells in vitro, and also inhibited the tumorigenesis in vivo. Further experiments proved that oxaliplatin induced parthanatos in OSCC cells, characterized by depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential, up-regulation of PARP1, AIF and MIF in the nucleus, as well as the nuclear translocation of AIF. Meanwhile, PARP1 inhibitor rucaparib and siRNA against PARP1 attenuated oxaliplatin-induced parthanatos in OSCC cells. In addition, we found that oxaliplatin caused oxidative stress in OSCC cells, and antioxidant NAC not only relieved oxaliplatin-induced overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) but also reversed parthanatos caused by oxaliplatin. In conclusion, our results indicate that oxaliplatin inhibits OSCC by activating PARP1-mediated parthanatos through increasing the production of ROS.

11.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461319

RESUMO

Pinellia ternata is a perennial herbaceous plant, which tubers can be used for anti-inflammatory and has a significant position in Traditional Chinese Medicine (Marki et al. 1987). In April 2020, bacterial stem blight first occurred on P. ternata in Jingmen City (30°32'N, 111°51'E), Hubei Province, China. In the follow-up investigation, the disease also appeared in plantations of P. ternata in Qianjiang City, Tianmen City. Initial symptoms showed orange-red streak on the stem, then progressed into chlorotic and water-soaked lesions, which caused roots to be necrotic and leaves to stunting, fading, and wilting. In the end, the leaves withered, the stems rotted completely, and the incidence of plant collapse reached 20~30%. To isolate the plant pathogenic bacteria, twenty P. ternata plant samples with distinct chlorotic stem symptoms were obtained from two fields in Jingmen City. Symptomatic samples were cut to 1-cm-long pieces by sterile scalpel, then were streaked onto nutrient agar medium and grow at 28℃ for 48 h. Four pure typical aerobic, gram-negative bacteria were isolated by characterized with transparent, smooth, round, convex surfaces. The isolated colonies did not produce fluorescent pigments on King's B medium. In addition, the isolates were positive for nitrate reduction, arabinose, mannitol, D-ribose, sucrose, D-sorbitol, and were negative for gelatin liquefaction, rhamnose, D-glucose, D-melibiose. These characteristics were identified as Pseudomonas extremorientalis (Ivanova et al. 2002). One representative colony ZJH1 was selected randomly for further verification. The 16s rRNA, gyrB, and rpoD regions were obtained with primers 27F/1492R (Weisburg et al. 1991), gyrB-Fps/ gyrB-Rps, and rpoD-Fps/ rpoD-Rps, respectively (Sarkar and Guttman. 2004). These sequences were deposited in GenBank as accession nos. MT459234.1, MT469887.1 and MT469886.1, which revealed 99% homology with P. extremorientalis strain BS2774 (accession nos. LT629708.1). The pathogenicity of P. extremorientalis strain ZJH1 was confirmed by using 3-month-old, healthy, greenhouse-grown P. ternata plants. The stems were stabbed and inoculated 10 µL of the bacterial suspension (108 CFU / ml), inoculating the same amount of sterile water as a control, repeated 5 times for each treatment. The plants were cultivated in a greenhouse at 28 °C and a humidity of 80%. Three days later, the stems showed necrosis, followed by the withered leaves and died plants, whereas the control had no symptoms. P. extremorientalis were reisolated and verified again from symptomatic plants, which was consistent with Koch's postulates. This experiment was repeated thrice to get the same result. To our knowledge, this is the first report of bacterial stem blight caused by P. extremorientalis on P. ternata in China. Stem blight caused by P. extremorientalis poses a significant threat to yield and marketability of P. ternata. Further research on selecting resistant variety and effective chemical control is needed. References: Ivanova, E. P., et al. 2002. Int J Syst Evol Micr. 2113:2120. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-52-6-2113 Marki, T., et al. 1987. Planta Med. 53:412. Sarkar, S. F., Guttman, D. S. 2004. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70:1999. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.70.4.1999-2012.2004 Weisburg, W. G., et al. 1991. J. Bacteriol. 173:697. https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.173.2.697-703.1991 F. F. Wang and Y. J. You contributed equally to this work. The author(s) declare no conflict of interest. Funding: National Modern Agricultural Industrial Technology System (grant no. CARS-21), Technology R&D Program of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (grant no. D20190015), Science Funds for Young Scholar of Institute of Chinese Herbal Medicines, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences (grant no. 2019ZYCJJ01), Key R&D Program of Hubei Province (grant no. 2020BCA059), Key Technology R&D Projects of Hubei Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Center (grant no. 2020-620-000-002-04).

12.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470057

RESUMO

TWIST1 is an important basic helix-loop-helix protein linked to multiple physiological and pathological processes. Although TWIST1 is believed to be involved in vascular pathogenesis, its effects on homeostasis of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) remain poorly understood. Here, we show that TWIST1 protein levels were significantly elevated during SMC phenotypic switching in vivo and in vitro. TWIST1 overexpression promoted phenotypic switching of SMCs, while siRNA targeting of TWIST1 prevented cell transition. Mechanistically, TWIST1 decreased the level of microRNA-143/145, which governs smooth muscle marker gene transcription. In addition, TWIST1 repressed p68 mRNA and protein expression, a crucial modulator of SMC behavior and microRNA biogenesis. Our co-immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated a previously unrecognized molecular interaction between TWIST1 and p68 protein. Finally, we found that TWIST1 triggered SMC phenotypic switching and suppressed microRNA-143/145 expression by promoting the proteasomal degradation of p68. These data suggest a novel role of TWIST1 in the regulation of SMC homeostasis by modulating p68/microRNA-143/145 axis.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123465, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846256

RESUMO

Pyrolysis is a promising technology for recycling organic materials from waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs). Nevertheless, the generated organic bromides are toxic and urgently needed to be removed. The coexisting copper (Cu) of WPCBs has potential performance on debromination. However, the catalytic effect and mechanism of Cu on pyrolysis process and products were still unclear. To clarify the in-situ catalysis of Cu, the analysis on kinetics and pyrolysis products was performed. The results showed that Cu can change the mechanism function of pyrolysis, which reduced the apparent activation energy (Ea). The mechanism function of Cu-coated WPCBs was obtained by Sesták-Berggren model and expressed as: dαdt=1.65×107×1-α-1.30α6.09-ln1-α-6.03exp⁡-202.45KJ/molRT. Product analysis suggested that Cu promoted the conversion of organic bromides to Br2 and HBr. During the process of pyrolysis, bromide atoms interacted with Cu to form coordination compound, which can weaken the strength of C-Br bond and generate bromide free radical (Br*). Besides, Cu can promote the conversion of aromatic-Br to Br2 as the catalyst for Ullmann cross-coupling reaction. Therefore, the presence of Cu was beneficial to pyrolysis. This work provided the theoretical basis for the improvement and application of pyrolysis technology.

14.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 82: 103565, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321209

RESUMO

From a perspective of drug administration, eco-pharmacovigilance (EPV) has been proposed as a new approach to prevent the environmental risks posed by pharmaceutical emerging contaminants. However, it is impracticable to practice unitary and rigor EPV process for all the pharmaceutical substances with complex and diversified chemical, biological or toxicological properties. We proposed the "targeted EPV" that is the science and activities associated with the targeted detection, evaluation, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects of high-priority hazardous pharmaceuticals in the environment, especially focusing on the control of main anthropogenic sources of pharmaceutical emission among key stakeholders in high-risk areas could be used as an optimized management strategy for pharmaceutical pollution. "Targeted EPV" implementation should focus on the targeted monitoring of the occurrence of high-priority pharmaceuticals in environmental samples, the targeted reporting of over-standard discharge, the targeted management for main emission sources, the targeted legislation and researches on high-priority pharmaceutical pollutants, as well as the targeted educational strategies for specific key populations.


Assuntos
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle , Farmacovigilância , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Ambientais , Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas
15.
Environ Microbiol ; 23(2): 1210-1221, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325106

RESUMO

Planktonic microorganisms play a key role in the biogeochemical processes of the aquatic system, and they may be affected by many factors. High-throughput sequencing technology was used in this study to investigate and study the bacterioplankton community of water bodies in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin in Qinghai Plateau. Results showed that Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria are the predominant phyla in this river section, while the main genera are Thiomonas, Acidibacillus, Acidocella, Rhodanobacter, Acidithiobacter and Gallionella, which are autochthonous in the acid-mine drainage. Additionally, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, permanganate index and pH are significantly correlated with the bacterioplankton abundance and are the main limiting factors for the spatial distribution of the bacterioplankton. PICRUSt inferred that the mainstream microbial assemblages had a higher abundance of KOs belong to metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides, while the tributary had higher abundance of KOs belong to the immune system. The relationship between bacterioplankton community composition and environmental factors in the Heihe River basin was discussed for the first time in this study, which provides a theoretical basis for the healthy, orderly development of the water environment in the Heihe River Basin.

16.
Chemosphere ; 263: 127875, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835968

RESUMO

Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) settled slowly and incompletely in a nano-iron reactor (NIR) in wastewater treatment, and the effluent quality and processing capacity of nZVI were degenerated. Herein, three types of polyacrylamide (PAM), anionic-APAM (nZVIAPAM), cationic-CPAM (nZVICPAM), and nonionic-NPAM (nZVINPAM)) were applied to modify the nZVI (nZVIPAM), which were proved to enhance aggregation and sedimentation in the gravity settling clarifier of NIR. PAM modification lead to aggregate by forming large agglomerates. The median sizes of aggregates were 32, 194, 168 and 133 µm respectively for nZVI, nZVICPAM, nZVINPAM, and nZVIAPAM. Under quiescent conditions, bare nZVI needed 5 min to reach sedimentation equilibrium, while nZVIPAM just within 1 min nZVICPAM settled more quickly and completely than nZVINPAM and nZVIAPAM. The Fe concentration in the dynamic flow NIR effluent could keep a low level for 8 h for nZVIPAM, while bare nZVI for 6 h. Iron concentration was 3.11, 0.037, 0.93, and 1.20 mg·L-1 for nZVI, nZVICPAM, nZVINPAM, and nZVIAPAM after 8-h-reaction. Meanwhile, the reactivity of nZVIPAM was kept much longer for lead removal in the NIR. Results demonstrated PAM modifications (especially CPAM) provided a reliable solution for nZVI aggregation and sedimentation in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Resinas Acrílicas , Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 100: 317-327, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279045

RESUMO

The biodegradation was considered as the prime mechanism of crude oil degradation. To validate the efficacy and survival of the crude oil-degrading strain in a bioremediation process, the enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (egfp) was introduced into Acinetobacter sp. HC8-3S. In this study, an oil-contaminated sediment microcosm was conducted to investigate the temporal dynamics of the physicochemical characterization and microbial community in response to bacterium amendment. The introduced strains were able to survive, flourish and degrade crude oil quickly in the early stage of the bioremediation. However, the high abundance cannot be maintained due to the ammonium (NH4+-N) and phosphorus (PO43--P) contents decreased rapidly after 15 days of remediation. The sediment microbial community changed considerably and reached relatively stable after nutrient depletion. Therefore, the addition of crude oil and degrading cells did not show a long-time impact on the original microbial communities, and sufficient nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients ensures the survive and activity of degrader. Our studies expand the understanding of the crude oil degradative processes, which will help to develop more rational bioremediation strategies.


Assuntos
Poluição por Petróleo , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Bactérias , Biodegradação Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos , Nutrientes , Microbiologia do Solo
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123667, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254748

RESUMO

The emission characteristics of respirable particulate matter (PM10), and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) size distribution, gas-particle partitioning and occupational exposure in two e-waste recycling workshops (manual and thermal dismantling workshop: ManuDW and TherDW) were investigated. The PM10 mass concentration was higher but the number concentration was lower in the ManuDW than in the TherDW. The gaseous phase PBDE concentration (40.5 ng/m3) was higher in the ManuDW than in the TherDW (10.6 ng/m3) while the particulate phase PBDE concentration was just reverse (57.7 vs 156 ng/m3). The size distribution of particle was similar for two workshops but the size distribution of particle-bound PBDE exhibited remarkable differences. BDE-209 was the dominant congener in particle-bound PBDE in the TherDW, while Tri-, Tetra-, and Deca-BDE were the three most abundant homologues in the ManuDW. The size distribution of particle-bound PBDE homologue profile in the ManuDW was also distinct from that in the TherDW. The PBDE exposure doses were 13.9 and 15.3 ng/kg/day in the ManuDW and the TherDW, far lower than reference doses. Gaseous and particle phase have same contribution to the total doses in the ManuDW but the exposure doses in the TherDW mainly come from the particle phase.

19.
Neurosci Lett ; : 135542, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278507

RESUMO

Recent studies have reported that microRNAs are abnormally expressed in brain tissues of Alzheimers disease (AD) patients. However, the accurate function of miR-20b-5p in AD has not been elucidated. We intended to investigate the role and underlying mechanism of miR-20b-5p in AD. The expression of miR-20b-5p was increased, and the expression of RhoC was decreased in the hippocampus of Appswe/PS△E 9 mice. In order to construct a cell model in vitro to study the underlying action mechanism, PC12 cells were treated with Aß25-35. The cell apoptosis detected by flow cytometry and the expression of cleaved-caspase-3 detected by western blot were both remarkably increased in PC12 cells treated with Aß25-35, but they were reduced by miR-20b-5p inhibitor. In addition, MTT test showed that the cell survival rate in Aß25-35 + miR-20b-5p inhibitor group was higher than that in Aß25-35 + NC inhibitor group. Double luciferase reporter gene analysis confirmed that the binding site of miR-20b-5p was in 3 '- UTR of RhoC mRNA. Knockdown of RhoC increased neuronal apoptosis induced by Aß25-35 and the expression of cleaved-caspase-3, while miR-20b-5p inhibitor reversed these effects. Knockdown of RhoC aggravated the inhibition effect on cell viability induced by Aß25-35, while miR-20b-5p inhibitor diminished these effects. In conclusion, inhibition of miR-20b-5p attenuates apoptosis induced by Aß25-35 in PC12 cells through targeting RhoC. Therefore, miR-20b-5p may be a perspective curative target for AD.

20.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(11): 3508-3531, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294252

RESUMO

A compelling set of links between chemotherapy- or radiation-induced intestinal inflammation and microbial dysbiosis has emerged. It is the proportional imbalance between pathogenic and beneficial bacteria that aggravates intestinal mucositis. Bacteria that ferment fibers and produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), (such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate) are typically reduced in the mucosa and feces of patients undergoing cancer therapy. In contrast, increasing lipopolysaccharide-producing bacteria result in proinflammatory events by interacting with Toll-like receptors. A collective acceptance is that bacterial metabolites are critical in recovering intestinal homeostasis. We herein review evidence supporting the positive roles carried out by SCFAs. SCFAs, acting as signaling molecules, directly activate G-coupled-receptors and inhibit histone deacetylases. Thus, SCFAs are able to strengthen the gut barrier and regulate immunomodulatory functions. Furthermore, it is possible to reverse intestinal microbial dysbiosis and subsequently suppress the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by directly applying SCFA-producing bacteria. In addition, anticancer effects of SCFAs have proved in the colorectal cancer. In this review, we discuss microbial dysbiosis and its impact on chemotherapy- or radiation-induced intestinal mucositis. Moreover, we summarize the mechanisms of SCFA production and its effects on intestinal mucositis. This review suggests the therapeutic potential of SCFAs for the management of chemotherapy- or radiation-induced intestinal inflammation.

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