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1.
Intervirology ; : 1-7, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401269

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidemic Japanese encephalitis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases that cause central nervous system damage. The vaccination has become the most effective and economical measure for its control. Hence, real-time monitoring of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) proliferation is crucial to optimize virus inoculation, culturing conditions, and virus harvest time. METHODS: The proliferation dynamics of JEV in BHK-21 cells was studied by combining the established quantitative PCR method with the conventional TCID50 assay in this study. RESULTS: The proliferation curve determined by the 2 methods has a definite parallel relationship, but the quantitative real-time PCR method (4 h) is faster and more sensitive than the TCID50 method (3-4 days). The determination results of TCID50 showed that the highest viral titer was 105.44 TCID50/0.1 mL and 104.86 TCID50/0.1 mL in cell suspension and culture supernate, respectively, while the virus RNA copies reached the peak at 1.0 × 107.5 copies/µL and 1.0 × 105.6 copies/µL in cell suspension and culture supernate, respectively. CONCLUSION: The comprehensive analysis showed that the best time for JEV proliferation in BHK-21 cell was 60 h post infection.

2.
ACS Omega ; 5(37): 24073-24080, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984729

RESUMO

The application of electrochemical modification for accelerating methane extraction in lean coal seams is limited due to the lack of experimental and theoretical research studies. Therefore, electrochemical modification with different electric potential gradient values was selected to modify lean coals in this study; meanwhile, the amount of methane adsorption and the methane desorption ratio were tested and analyzed. The results showed that the maximum amount of methane adsorption in coal samples decreased after electrochemical modification and the decrease in methane adsorption increased with an increase in electric potential gradient. The methane desorption ratio increased from 83.20% up to 87.84 and 86.90% at the anode and cathode zone, respectively, after electrochemical modification using a 4 V/cm electric potential gradient. A higher electric potential gradient performs better in the electrochemical modification. The mechanism of electrochemical modification using different electric potential gradients was revealed based on the measurements of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and liquid nitrogen adsorption. It is due to an increase in acid groups in coal molecular structure and the change of the specific surface area of coal after modification. The results obtained from this work contribute to the methane extraction via the electrochemical method in lean coal seams.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(16)2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806652

RESUMO

Anisotropy is the difference in the microstructure or mechanical properties of materials in different directions. Anisotropic behavior occurs in rolled sheets, and this anisotropy is very obvious in laminated composites. In this work, the influence of anisotropy on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti/Al laminated composites fabricated by rolling was investigated. The results show that the microstructure and mechanical properties of the Ti/Al laminated composites were obviously anisotropic. The grains in the Al layer of the composites were elongated along the rolling direction and were compressed perpendicular to the rolling direction. The grains in the Ti layer of the composites had no obvious preferential orientation and comprised mainly twins. With the rolling direction as 0°, the mechanical properties of the Ti/Al laminated composites varied greatly as the angle of the composites increased. The tensile strength, elongation and bond strength of the Ti/Al laminated composites decreased with increasing angle of the composites. In addition, the microhardness of the Ti/Al laminated composites increased with increasing angle of the composites.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(12)2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630468

RESUMO

The adsorption of CO2 and CO2/CH4 mixtures on kaolinite was calculated by grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations with different temperatures (283.15, 293.15, and 313.15 K) up to 40 MPa. The simulation results show that the adsorption amount of CO2 followed the Langmuir model and decreased with an increasing temperature. The excess adsorption of CO2 increased with an increasing pressure until the pressure reached 3 MPa and then decreased at different temperatures. The S C O 2 / C H 4 decreased logarithmically with increasing pressure, and the S C O 2 / C H 4 was lower with a higher temperature at the same pressure. The interaction energy between CO2 and kaolinite was much higher than that between CH4 and kaolinite at the same pressure. The interaction energy between the adsorbent and adsorbate was dominant, and that between CO2 and CO2 and between CH4 and CH4 accounted for less than 20% of the total interaction energy. The isothermal adsorption heat of CO2 was higher than that of CH4, indicating that the affinity of kaolinite to CO2 was higher than that of CH4. The strong adsorption sites of carbon dioxide on kaolinite were hydrogen, oxygen, and silicon atoms, respectively. CO2 was not only physically adsorbed on kaolinite, but also exhibited chemical adsorption. In gas-bearing reservoirs, a CO2 injection to displace CH4 and enhance CO2 sequestration and enhanced gas recovery (CS-EGR) should be implemented at a low temperature.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432866

RESUMO

Since the rise of two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, it seems that electronic devices will soon be upgraded with spintronics, in which the manipulation of spin degree of freedom endows it obvious advantages over conventional charge-based electronics. However, as the most crucial prerequisite for the above-mentioned expectation, 2D semiconductors with adjustable magnetic interaction are still rare, which has greatly hampered the promotion of spintronics. Recently, transition metal phosphates have attracted tremendous interest due to their intrinsic antiferromagnetism and potential applications in spintronics. In the work described herein, parasitic ferromagnetism is achieved for the first time by exfoliating an antiferromagnetic chalcogenophosphate to a few layers. Taking the transition metal chalcogenophosphate Mn2P2S6 as an example, the antiferromagnetic transition at the Néel temperature is completely suppressed, and the magnetic behaviors of the as-obtained few-layered Mn2P2S6 are dominated by parasitic ferromagnetism. We experimentally verify an electron redistribution by which part of the Mn 3d electrons migrate and redistribute on P atoms in few-layered Mn2P2S6 due to the introduced Mn vacancies. The results demonstrated here broaden the tunability of the material's magnetic properties and open up a new strategy to rationally design the magnetic behaviors of 2D semiconductors, which could accelerate the applications of spintronics.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458417

RESUMO

Purification of the enveloped virus poses a challenge as one must retain viral infectivity to preserve immunogenicity. The traditional process of virus purification is time-consuming, laborious and hard to scale up. Here, a rapid, simple and extensible laboratory program for the purification of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was developed by using differential centrifugation, ultrafiltration, Sepharose 4 fast flow gel chromatography, and CaptoTM Core 700 chromatography. The entire process recovered 61.64% of the original virus, and the purified virus particles maintained good activity and immunogenicity. The purification process described has potential application in large-scale production of high-purity JEV.

7.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(5): 306, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356232

RESUMO

A strip test is described for the optical determination of influenza virus H3 subtype. It utilizes gold nanoparticle (AuNP) coated polystyrene latex microspheres (PS) as the label and a sandwich format. The AuNP and PS particles were linked using monoclonal antibodies against influenza virus as the bridge. Under the optimal conditions, the visual detection limit of the AuNP-PS-based strip test was as low as 1/16 hemagglutination unit (HAU). It was 64 times higher than that of 10 nm (4 HAU) AuNP-based strip tests. Quantitative analysis showed that the detection limit of the AuNP-PS-based strip is 0.016 HAU. The AuNP-PS-based strip test showed no cross-reactivity to the other subtypes (H1, H5, H7, or H9) of influenza viruses. Graphical abstract .

8.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(14): 6223-6234, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445000

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is an emerging swine pathogen associated with acute porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS)-like clinical signs, reproductive failure, and multisystemic inflammation. Current evidence shows that PCV3 is spread worldwide, and its high incidence may pose a threat to the global pig industry. Capsid (Cap) protein is the sole structural protein which plays an important role in inducing protective immunity against PCV3 infection. In this study, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Cap protein of PCV3 were produced by the hybridoma technique. Subsequently, 12 serial overlapping peptides (P1 to P12) spanning the entire region of Cap were synthesized to determine the B cell epitope regions using the mAbs. Results from dot-blot and peptide ELISA identified that P3, P9, and P10 were the major B cell antigenic regions. Fine mapping by shorter N- and C-terminal truncated peptides confirmed that the motifs 57NKPWH61, 140KHSRYFT146, and 161QSLFFF166 were linear B cell epitopes, which were highly conserved among different PCV3 strains. Interestingly, we found that the motif 140KHSRYFT146 was highly conserved in all reported types of PCVs (i.e., PCV1, PCV2, PCV3, and PCV4), except for the substitution (Y → K → R) of the first residue. This is the first research to identify B cell epitopes of PCV3 Cap, and these findings may lead to a better understanding of the antibody-antigen interaction and provide some guidance for PCV3 vaccine design.Key points• The recombinant Cap protein of PCV3 was expressed and purified in soluble form. • PCV3 Cap-specific mAbs prepared in this study had no cross-reactivity with PCV1/PCV2 Cap. • This is the first report of three conserved linear B cell epitopes on PCV3 Cap. • The minimal residues of the epitopes were 57-61 aa, 140-146 aa, and 161-166 aa.

9.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(3): 266-271, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184955

RESUMO

Necroptosis has been implicated in a variety of disease states, and RIPK3 is one of the kinases identified to play a critical role in this signaling pathway. In an effort to identify RIPK3 kinase inhibitors with a novel profile, mechanistic studies were incorporated at the hit triage stage. Utilization of these assays enabled identification of a Type II DFG-out inhibitor for RIPK3, which was confirmed by protein crystallography. Structure-based drug design on the inhibitors targeting this previously unreported conformation enabled an enhancement in selectivity against key off-target kinases.

10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7533-7548, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571862

RESUMO

Background: The influenza A virus (IAV) is known for its high variability and poses a huge threat to the health of humans and animals. Pigs play a central role in the cross-species reassortment of IAV. Ectodomain of matrix protein 2 (M2e) is the most conserved protective antigen in IAV and can be used to develop nanovaccines through nanoparticles displaying to increase its immunogenicity. However, the high immunogenicity of nanoparticles can cause the risk of off-target immune response, and excess unwanted antibodies may interfere with the protective efficacy of M2e-specific antibodies. Therefore, it is necessary to select reasonable nanoparticles to make full use of antibodies against nanoparticles while increasing the level of M2e-specific antibodies. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the most susceptible virus in pigs and can promote IAV infection. It is meaningful to develop a vaccine that can simultaneously control swine influenza virus (SIV) and PCV2. Methods: In the present study, M2e of different copy numbers were inserted into the capsid (Cap) protein of PCV2 and expressed in Escherichia coli to form self-assembled chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) nanovaccine. BALB/c mice and pigs were immunized with these nanovaccines to explore optimal anti-IAV and anti-PCV2 immunity. Results: Cap is capable of carrying at least 81 amino acid residues (three copies of M2e) at its C-terminal without impairing VLPs formation. Cap-3M2e VLPs induced the highest levels of M2e-specific immune responses, conferring protection against lethal challenge of IAVs from different species and induced specific immune responses consistent with PCV2 commercial vaccines in mice. In addition, Cap-3M2e VLPs induced high levels of M2e-specific antibodies and PCV2-specific neutralizing antibodies in pigs. Conclusion: Cap-3M2e VLP is an economical and promising bivalent nanovaccine, which provides dual protection against IAV and PCV2.


Assuntos
Circovirus/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A/imunologia , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Especificidade de Anticorpos/imunologia , Aves/virologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/química , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral , Influenza Aviária/imunologia , Influenza Aviária/prevenção & controle , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Influenza Humana/virologia , Linfócitos/citologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Neutralização , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Suínos , Vírion/imunologia , Vírion/ultraestrutura
11.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 8(16): e1900456, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267679

RESUMO

Influenza A virus (IAV), a deadly zoonotic pathogen, poses a tremendous threat and burden to global health systems. Pigs act as "mixing vessel" hosts to support and generate new pandemic viruses. Preventing the spread of IAV in pigs effectively can delay or even block cross-species transmission. Universal vaccines based on the highly conserved ectodomain of influenza matrix protein 2 (M2e) have been widely reported, but have not been applied due to inadequate protection. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) causes immunosuppression and promotes swine influenza virus (SIV) infection. Here, M2e is inserted into capsid protein of PCV2 without burying the neutralizing epitopes and self-assembles to form a bivalent nanovaccine. Inoculation with the nanovaccine induces robust M2e- and PCV2-specific immune responses. The nanovaccine confers protection against lethal challenges of IAV from different species in mice, and significantly reduces SIV titers in pigs' respiratory tract and blocks SIV transmission. These results indicate that the nanovaccine is an economical and promising PCV2 and universal IAV bivalent vaccine, and it will synergistically and powerfully offer potential ability to block IAV cross-species reassortment and transmission.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Circovirus/imunologia , Circovirus/patogenicidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/patogenicidade , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Suínos , Vacinação/métodos , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/metabolismo
12.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(11)2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159375

RESUMO

In this paper, the initial values of damage parameters in the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model are determined by a microscopic test combined with empirical formulas, and the final accurate values are determined by finite element reverse calibration. The original void volume fraction (f0), the volume fraction of potential nucleated voids (fN), the critical void volume fraction (fc), the void volume fraction at the final failure (fF) of material are assigned as 0.006, 0.001, 0.03, 0.06 according to the simulation results, respectively. The hemispherical punch stretching test of commercially pure titanium (TA1) sheet is simulated by a plastic constitutive formula derived from the GTN model. The stress and strain are obtained at the last loading step before crack. The forming limit diagram (FLD) and the forming limit stress diagram (FLSD) of the TA1 sheet under plastic forming conditions are plotted, which are in good agreement with the FLD obtained by the hemispherical punch stretching test and the FLSD obtained by the conversion between stress and strain during the sheet forming process. The results show that the GTN model determined by the finite element reverse calibration method can be used to predict the forming limit of the TA1 sheet metal.

13.
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 31(3): 475-480, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973087

RESUMO

We evaluated an immunochromatographic strip for the detection of avian avulavirus 1 (Newcastle disease virus, NDV) based on a high-affinity monoclonal antibody (mAb) that specifically recognizes the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein. The anti-HN mAb was labeled with colloidal gold as the detector. A chicken anti-NDV polyclonal antibody and staphylococcal protein A (SPA) were blotted on the nitrocellulose membrane for the test and control lines, respectively. The strip specifically recognized the NDV antigen with no cross-reactivity to other viruses that were examined. Furthermore, it specifically recognized a variety of NDV isolates, including virulent and attenuated strains. These results were confirmed using hemagglutination (HA) and RT-PCR assays. The NDV detection strip detected 104.9 EID50 viruses/0.1 mL in the NDV-infected sample, which is comparable to the classical HA test (105.2 EID50/0.1 mL). Following experimental infection, NDV was detected using the detection strip in infected tissues as early as 36 h after experimental infection and prior to development of clinical signs and appearance of gross anatomic lesions. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the NDV detection strip for NDV infection were 83.3% and 100%, respectively, as confirmed by RT-PCR.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/análise , Imunoensaio/veterinária , Doença de Newcastle/diagnóstico , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/análise , Galinhas , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Imunoensaio/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óvulo , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos
14.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 306-311, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891131

RESUMO

The four members of the Janus family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases play a significant role in immune function. The JAK family kinase inhibitor, tofacitinib 1, has been approved in the United States for use in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A number of JAK inhibitors with a variety of JAK family selectivity profiles are currently in clinical trials. Our goal was to identify inhibitors that were functionally selective for JAK1 and JAK3. Compound 22 was prepared with the desired functional selectivity profile, but it suffered from poor absorption related to physical properties. Use of the phosphate prodrug 32 enabled progression to a murine collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model. The demonstration of a robust efficacy in the CIA model suggests that use of phosphate prodrugs may resolve issues with progressing this chemotype for the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as RA.

15.
Biologicals ; 57: 61-66, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477957

RESUMO

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) fall into cytopathic (CP) and noncytopathic (NCP) biotypes, based on their ability to kill cultured cells. NCP-BVDV can not be titrated by conventional means as used for CP-BVDV, which has impeded the identification of antiviral drugs targeting NCP-BVDV virus strains. In this study, the application of an immunoperoxidase assay in the screening of antiviral drugs was tested using two known BVDV inhibitors, ribavirin and ammonium chloride (NH4Cl). Phospholipase C inhibitor U73122 was identified to affect BVDV infection by using this immunoperoxidase assay. In addition, the results of immunoperoxidase assay were validated by real-time PCR. Taken together, the immunoperoxidase assay is a useful and versatile method suitable for antiviral drug screening targeting NCP-BVDV.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/efeitos dos fármacos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/métodos , Cloreto de Amônio/farmacologia , Animais , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/virologia , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/fisiologia , Estrenos/farmacologia , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/normas , Pirrolidinonas/farmacologia , Ribavirina/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
J Neurovirol ; 25(1): 42-49, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402823

RESUMO

Following acute infection of mucosal surfaces by bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), sensory neurons are a primary site for lifelong latency. Stress, as mimicked by the synthetic corticosteroid dexamethasone, consistently induces reactivation from latency. Two viral regulatory proteins (VP16 and bICP0) are expressed within 1 h after calves latently infected with BoHV-1 are treated with dexamethasone. Since the immediate early transcription unit 1 (IEtu1) promoter regulates both BoHV-1 infected cell protein 0 (bICP0) and bICP4 expressions, we hypothesized that the bICP4 protein is also expressed during early stages of reactivation from latency. In this study, we tested whether bICP4 and bICP22, the only other BoHV-1 protein known to be encoded by an immediate early gene, were expressed during reactivation from latency by generating peptide-specific antiserum to each protein. bICP4 and bICP22 protein expression were detected in trigeminal ganglionic (TG) neurons during early phases of dexamethasone-induced reactivation from latency, operationally defined as the escape from latency. Conversely, bICP4 and bICP22 were not readily detected in TG neurons of latently infected calves. In summary, it seems clear that all proteins encoded by known BoHV-1 IE genes (bICP4, bICP22, and bICP0) were expressed during early stages of dexamethasone-induced reactivation from latency.


Assuntos
Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/genética , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/virologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/virologia , Gânglio Trigeminal/virologia , Proteínas Virais/genética , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/metabolismo , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/patologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Rim/virologia , Masculino , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/patologia , Gânglio Trigeminal/efeitos dos fármacos , Gânglio Trigeminal/metabolismo , Gânglio Trigeminal/patologia , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Ativação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Latência Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 10: 170-186, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29499931

RESUMO

Glioma is recognized as a highly angiogenic malignant brain tumor. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) greatly restricts the therapeutic effect of anti-angiogenic tumor therapy for glioma patients. However, the molecular mechanisms of VM formation in glioma remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that LINC00339 was upregulated in glioma tissue as well as in glioma cell lines. The expression of LINC00339 in glioma tissues was positively correlated with glioma VM formation. Knockdown of LINC00339 inhibited glioma cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tube formation, meanwhile downregulating the expression of VM-related molecular MMP-2 and MMP-14. Furthermore, knockdown of LINC00339 significantly increased the expression of miR-539-5p. Both bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assay revealed that LINC00339 regulated the above effects via binding to miR-539-5p. Besides, overexpression of miR-539-5p resulted in decreased expression of TWIST1, a transcription factor known to play an oncogenic role in glioma and identified as a direct target of miR-539-5p. TWIST1 upregulated the promoter activities of MMP-2 and MMP-14. The in vivo study showed that nude mice carrying tumors with knockdown of LINC00339 and overexpression of miR-539-5p exhibited the smallest tumor volume through inhibiting VM formation. In conclusion, LINC00339 may be used as a novel therapeutic target for VM formation in glioma.

18.
J Sci Food Agric ; 98(10): 3722-3727, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29315602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of peptides in regulatory interactions has caused peptide-protein docking to attract the attention of many researchers. A variety of methods for molecular modeling of peptide-protein docking, such as local search and global search, are currently used. RESULTS: The interactions of 11 peptides and CSFV E2 protein were evaluated by the GalaxyPepDock and FlexX/ SYBYL programs, respectively. The assessment scores of all the peptides were correlated with their KD values. The final results showed that a moderate correlation coefficient was represented between KD values and CScores of predicted models by FlexX/ SYBYL. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that considering the flexibility of the peptide is better than searching for more potential binding sites on the target protein surface while performing peptide-protein molecular docking. These data provide reasonable evidence for the molecular design of peptides and guidance for the functional assignment of target proteins. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas/química , Sítios de Ligação , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica
20.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 11: 84, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28381990

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has highlighted the potential role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in solid tumors. Here, we elucidated the function and possible molecular mechanisms of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 in human glioma U87 and U251 cells. Quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) demonstrated that KCNQ1OT1 expression was up-regulated in glioma tissues and cells. Knockdown of KCNQ1OT1 exerted tumor-suppressive function in glioma cells. Moreover, a binding region was confirmed between KCNQ1OT1 and miR-370 by dual-luciferase assays. qRT-PCR showed that miR-370 was down-regulated in human glioma tissue and cells. In addition, restoration of miR-370 exerted tumor-suppressive function via inhibiting cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while promoting the apoptosis of human glioma cells. Knockdown of KCNQ1OT1 decreased the expression level of Cyclin E2 (CCNE2) by binding to miR-370. Further, miR-370 bound to CCNE2 3'UTR region and decreased the expression of CCNE2. These results provided a comprehensive analysis of KCNQ1OT1-miR-370-CCNE2 axis in human glioma cells and might provide a novel strategy for glioma treatment.

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