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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 14(1): 38, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653340

RESUMO

Choroidal melanoma (CM) is the most common type of diagnosed uveal melanoma (UM), which is prone to metastasis and exhibits a poor prognosis. The molecular mechanisms underlying CM progression need further elucidation to research effective therapeutic strategies. Histone deacetylase 7 (HDAC7) is very important in regulating cancer progression, but the significance and effect of HDAC7 on CM progression are unclear. In the present study, we found that HDAC7 is overexpressed in CM tissues versus normal tissues. We built HDAC7 overexpressing CM cell lines to study the functions of HDAC7 in CM progression and verified that upregulation of HDAC7 promoted the proliferation and metastasis of CM cells, while pharmacological inhibition of HDAC7 suppressed both the proliferation and metastasis of CM cells. Furthermore, we found that the aforementioned cancer-promoting effect of HDAC7 was mediated by c-Myc. Targeted inhibition of c-Myc inhibited CM progression by interfering with the HDAC7/c-Myc signaling pathway. Our study highlighted the function of targeting the HDAC7/c-Myc signaling pathway to intervene in the pathological process of CM, which provides potential therapeutic strategies for CM treatment.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Melanoma/genética , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675314

RESUMO

Brown planthopper (BPH), a monophagous phloem feeder, consumes a large amount of photoassimilates in rice and causes wilting. A near-isogenic line 'TNG71-Bph45' was developed from the Oryza sativa japonica variety 'Tainung 71 (TNG71) carrying a dominant BPH-resistance locus derived from Oryza nivara (IRGC 102165) near the centromere of chromosome 4. We compared the NIL (TNG71-Bph45) and the recurrent parent to explore how the Bph45 gene confers BPH resistance. We found that TNG71-Bph45 is less attractive to BPH at least partially because it produces less limonene. Chiral analysis revealed that the major form of limonene in both rice lines was the L-form. However, both L- and D-limonene attracted BPH when applied exogenously to TNG71-Bph45 rice. The transcript amounts of limonene synthase were significantly higher in TNG71 than in TNG71-Bph45 and were induced by BPH infestation only in the former. Introgression of the Bph45 gene into another japonica variety, Tainan 11, also resulted in a low limonene content. Moreover, several dominantly acting BPH resistance genes introduced into the BPH-sensitive IR24 line compromised its limonene-producing ability and concurrently decreased its attractiveness to BPH. These observations suggest that reducing limonene production may be a common resistance strategy against BPH in rice.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Oryza , Hiperplasia Prostática , Animais , Masculino , Humanos , Oryza/genética , Limoneno , Genes de Plantas , Hiperplasia Prostática/genética , Hemípteros/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética
3.
Gene ; 857: 147181, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623676

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to explore the potential molecular mechanism associated with shear stress on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression. This study performed RNA sequencing on AAA patients (SQ), AAA patients after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR, SH), and normal controls (NC). Furthermore, we identified the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNA (cirRNAs) and constructed competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Finally, 164 differentially expressed miRNAs, 179 co-differentially expressed lncRNAs, and 440 co-differentially expressed circRNAs among the three groups were obtained. The differentially expressed miRNAs mainly enriched in 325 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Target genes associated with co-differentially expressed genes among the group of SH, SQ, and NC mainly enriched in 66 KEGG pathways. LncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions, including 15 lncRNAs, 63 miRNAs and 57 mRNAs, was constructed. CircRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network included 79 circRNAs, 21 miRNAs, and 49 mRNAs. Among them, KLRC2 and CSTF1, targeted by miR-125b, participated in cell-mediated immunity regulation. MiR-320-related circRNAs and SATB1-AS1 serving as the sponge of miRNAs, such as has-circ-0129245, has-circ-0138746, and has-circ-0139786, were hub genes in ceRNA network. In conclusion, AAA patients might be benefit from EVAR based on various pathways and some molecules, such as miR-125b and SATB1-AS1, related with shear stress.

4.
EBioMedicine ; 87: 104388, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a severe inherited arrhythmia syndrome that can be unmasked by fever. METHODS: A multicentre clinical analysis was performed in 261 patients diagnosed with fever-induced BrS, including 198 (75.9%) and 27 (10.3%) patients who received next-generation genetic sequencing and epicardial arrhythmogenic substrate (AS) mapping, respectively. FINDINGS: In fever-induced BrS patients, pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) SCN5A variant carriers developed fever-induced BrS at a younger age, and more often in females and those of Caucasian descent. They exhibited significant electrophysical abnormalities, including a larger epicardial AS area, and more prolonged abnormal epicardial electrograms. During a median follow-up of 50.5 months (quartiles 32.5-81.5 months) after the diagnosis, major cardiac events (MCE) occurred in 27 (14.4%) patients. Patients with P/LP SCN5A variants had a higher ratio of MCE compared with the rest. Additionally, history of syncope, QRS duration, and Tpe interval could also predict an increased risk for future MCE according to univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis indicated that only P/LP SCN5A variants were independent significant predictors of MCE. Computational structural modelling showed that most variants are destabilizing, suggesting that Nav1.5 structure destabilization caused by SCN5A missense variants may contribute to fever-induced BrS. INTERPRETATION: In our cohort, P/LP SCN5A variant carriers with fever-induced BrS are more prevalent among patients of Caucasian descent, females, and younger patients. These patients exhibit aggressive electrophysiological abnormalities and worse outcome, which warrants closer monitoring and more urgent management of fever. FUNDING: The current work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation Project of China (Nos. 82270332 & 81670304), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China - Independent Research Project of Wuhan University (No. 2042022kf1217) from China; the National Institutes of Health of USA [NIH R56 (HL47678), NIH R01 (HL138103), and NIH R01 (HL152201)], the W. W. Smith Charitable Trust and the Wistar and Martha Morris Fund, Sharpe-Strumia Research Foundation, the American Heart Association Postdoctoral Fellowship (20POST35220002) from United States; the Netherlands CardioVascular Research Initiative: the Dutch Heart Foundation, Dutch Federation of University Medical Centers, the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development, and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences (PREDICT2) from the Netherlands.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Brugada , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Síndrome de Brugada/etiologia , Síndrome de Brugada/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 1167-1174, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546598

RESUMO

Modulated doping has always been a conventional and effective way to optimize thermoelectric (TE) materials. Unfavorably, the efficiency of conventional doping is always restricted by the strong interdependence of thermoelectric parameters. Here, an unconventional grain boundary doping strategy is reported to solve the above problem using commercial p-type Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 as matrix materials. Decoupling of the three key TE parameters and large net get of the figure of merit (ZT) could be achieved in Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 materials by introducing the gradient Cu-doped grain boundary. A high ZT of ∼1.40 at 350 K and a superior average ZT of ∼1.24 (300-475 K) are obtained in the as-prepared samples, projecting a maximum conversion efficiency of ∼8.25% at ΔT = 200 K, which are considerably greater than those of the commercial Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 matrix and the traditional Cu-doped Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 sample. This study gives deep insights to understand the relationships between the microstructure and the carrier/phonon transport behaviors and promotes a new strategy for improving the thermoelectric performance of commercial p-type Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 materials.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 289: 122182, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512967

RESUMO

To ensure the long-term sustainable development of nuclear energy as well as the prevention and control of uranium pollution, new materials that can simultaneously detect and separate uranium are still urgently needed. Herein, a new fluorescent covalent organic polymer (COP), namely HT-COP-AO, was synthesized andemployed as both the fluorescent probe and absorbent for simultaneous uranium detection and separationconsidering its excellent fluorescence property and strong uranium coordination ability. The results showed that the fluorescence of HT-COP-AO was quickly quenched by uranium within 2 min, and the limit of detection was 0.23 µM (3σ/K). Further studies implied that uranium was coordinated with the amidoxime groups of HT-COP-AO through U-N and O = U = O bonds, which resulted in electron transfer from uranium to HT-COP-AO and quenching the fluorescence of HT-COP-AO consequently. Meanwhile, HT-COP-AO exhibited excellent absorption ability towards uranium, and the maximum absorption capacity (qmax = 401.3 mg/g) was higher than most reported amidoxime modified materials. The HT-COP-AO also showed high selectivity for both uranium detection and separation which makes it a great promising for uranium monitoring in real water samples.


Assuntos
Urânio , Corantes Fluorescentes , Transporte de Elétrons , Polímeros
7.
Phytochemistry ; : 113531, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464100

RESUMO

Eleven undescribed diterpenoids possessing labdane, 3,18-cyclo-labdane, 19 (4 → 3)-labdane and 12-nor-labdane skeletons, named leucolactones A-K, were isolated from the heartwood of a large woody Lamiaceae plant, Leucosceptrum canum. Their structures were determined by NMR, MS, and in the case of leucolactones A by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Plausible biosynthetic pathway of leucolactones were proposed. Leucolactones showed significant inhibitory effects against seed germination and root elongation of Arabidopsis thaliana in the Petri dish bioassay. Among them, the diastereomeric leucolactones G and H were the most potent, with EC50 values for root elongation of 6.53 ±â€¯1.35 and 9.75 ±â€¯1.25 µM, respectively. The preliminary structure-activity relationship of leucolactones was discussed. The increase of auxin reporter activity in A. thaliana DR5::GUS roots by leucolactone H was observed, indicating that leucolactones altered auxin accumulation and distribution. These findings suggested that leucolactones might be involved in regulation of plant growth and development through altering auxin accumulation and distribution, presumably contributing to the heartwood formation in L. canum.

8.
Steroids ; 191: 109157, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549636

RESUMO

Four ergosterol derivatives, named tricholosterols A-D (1-4), have been isolated from the fruiting bodies of Tricholoma terreum. Their chemical structures have been determined using a combination of spectroscopic analysis as well as computational methods. Compound 1 possesses a rare D-ring opening ergosterol skeleton, while compounds 2-4 are rare degraded ergosterols. Compounds 1 and 4 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity against NO production with IC50 values of 27.6 and 31.8 µM, respectively. This is the first report of steroids from T. terreum.

9.
Fitoterapia ; 165: 105402, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36577456

RESUMO

Systematic phytochemical investigation on the Mongolian medicinal herb Lomatogonium carinthiacum led to the isolation of 12 monoterpenoids including three new secoiridoids (1, 2 and 4) and one new iridoid glycoside (13), one new monoterpenoid alkaloid (3), and three new sesquiterpenoids (14-16). Comprehensive spectroscopic analysis (including 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS) and quantum chemistry computations (including ECD and NMR calculations) were applied to elucidate their structures. Weak immunosuppressive activities were observed for the new isolates via inhibiting T cell proliferation and cytokine IFN-γ secretion in vitro.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(23)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499881

RESUMO

Shear fracture frequently occurs in timber beams and panels subjected to transverse loads. At elevated temperatures, wood will undergo complex physical and chemical processes which significantly affect the shear properties. In this paper, the v-notched Douglas-fir specimens with three different shear planes: (a) Radial-Tangential (RT); (b) Radial-Longitudinal (RL), and (c) Longitudinal-Radial (LR), were fabricated and tested under the elevated temperatures from 20 °C to 180 °C. The digital image correlation (DIC) technique was used to measure the shear strain. It was found that the shear plane had a significant effect on the failure modes, shear strength, and shear modulus. The shear strength and shear modulus generally decreased with the increase of temperature. However, the shear strength was significantly improved when the hardening of the dry lignin occurred between 100 °C and 140 °C. Moreover, the design curve for the shear strength in Eurocode 5 is conservative for all the specimens with different shear planes.

11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(23)2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501704

RESUMO

The concentrated transverse load may lead to the web crippling of pultruded GFRP sections due to the lower transverse mechanical properties. Several investigations have been conducted on the web-crippling behavior of the GFRP sections under room temperature. However, the web-crippling behavior is not yet understood when subjected to elevated temperatures. To address this issue, a finite element model considering the temperature-dependent material properties, Hashin failure criterion and the damage evolution law are successfully developed to simulate the web-crippling behavior of the GFRP I sections under elevated temperatures. The numerical model was validated by the web-crippling experiments at room temperature with the end-two-flange (ETF) and end bearing with ground support (EG) loading configurations. The developed model can accurately predict the ultimate loads and failure modes. Moreover, it was found that the initial damage was triggered by exceeding the shear strength at the web-flange junction near the corner of the bearing plate and independent of the elevated temperatures and loading configurations. The ultimate load and stiffness decreased obviously with the increasing temperature. At 220 °C, the ultimate load of specimens under ETF and EG loading configurations significantly decreased by 57% and 62%, respectively, whereas the elastic stiffness obviously reduced by 87% and 88%, respectively.

12.
Immun Ageing ; 19(1): 67, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity rates are increasing worldwide. Obesity leads to many complications, including predisposing individuals to the development of cognitive impairment as they age. Immune dysregulation, including inflammaging (e.g., increased circulating cytokines) and immunosenescence (declining immune system function), commonly occur in obesity and aging and may impact cognitive impairment. As such, immune system changes across the lifespan may impact the effects of obesity on neuroinflammation and associated cognitive impairment. However, the role of age in obesity-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment is unclear. To further define this putative relationship, the current study examined metabolic and inflammatory profiles, along with cognitive changes using a high-fat diet (HFD) mouse model of obesity. RESULTS: First, HFD promoted age-related changes in hippocampal gene expression. Given this early HFD-induced aging phenotype, we fed HFD to young adult and middle-aged mice to determine the effect of age on inflammatory responses, metabolic profile, and cognitive function. As anticipated, HFD caused a dysmetabolic phenotype in both age groups. However, older age exacerbated HFD cognitive and neuroinflammatory changes, with a bi-directional regulation of hippocampal inflammatory gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these data indicate that HFD promotes an early aging phenotype in the brain, which is suggestive of inflammaging and immunosenescence. Furthermore, age significantly compounded the impact of HFD on cognitive outcomes and on the regulation of neuroinflammatory programs in the brain.

13.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(12)2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550974

RESUMO

Patients with severe CNS injuries struggle primarily with their sensorimotor function and communication with the outside world. There is an urgent need for advanced neural rehabilitation and intelligent interaction technology to provide help for patients with nerve injuries. Recent studies have established the brain-computer interface (BCI) in order to provide patients with appropriate interaction methods or more intelligent rehabilitation training. This paper reviews the most recent research on brain-computer-interface-based non-invasive rehabilitation systems. Various endogenous and exogenous methods, advantages, limitations, and challenges are discussed and proposed. In addition, the paper discusses the communication between the various brain-computer interface modes used between severely paralyzed and locked patients and the surrounding environment, particularly the brain-computer interaction system utilizing exogenous (induced) EEG signals (such as P300 and SSVEP). This discussion reveals with an examination of the interface for collecting EEG signals, EEG components, and signal postprocessing. Furthermore, the paper describes the development of natural interaction strategies, with a focus on signal acquisition, data processing, pattern recognition algorithms, and control techniques.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 993856, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531470

RESUMO

Background: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancer and is characterized by an overall good prognosis and early-stage lymph node metastasis. The immune microenvironment is believed to play a crucial role in PTC initiation, progression and metastasis. However, to our knowledge, prognostic tools for thyroid cancer metastasis based on immune scores have not been adequately explored. This study aimed to construct a clinical nomogram to predict lymph node metastasis in patients with PTC. Methods: The genomic data and clinical-pathological characteristics of 447 PTC subjects were obtained from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas data). Logistic regression models were performed for univariate and multivariate analyses to identify significant prediction factors. A prognostic nomogram was built based on the multivariate analysis results. The concordance index (C-index) and calibration curve were used to assess the predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the model. Results: The patients were divided into two subgroups based on immune scores. We found that patients with high immune scores had significantly higher lymph node metastasis risks (OR and 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.774[1.130-2.784]) than those with low immune scores. The C-index for lymph node metastasis was 0.722 (95% CI, 0.671-0.774), which had a favorable performance for clinical prediction. The calibration curve for lymph node metastasis showed significant agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation. Conclusion: High immune scores are significantly correlated with higher lymph node metastasis risk in patients with PTC. Immune score-based prognostic nomograms may help to predict lymph node metastasis and have potential clinical application possibilities.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(12)2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557397

RESUMO

Despite continuous developments of manufacturing technology for micro-devices and nano-devices, fabrication errors still exist during the manufacturing process. To reduce manufacturing costs and save time, it is necessary to analyze the effects of fabrication errors on the performances of micro-/nano-devices, such as the dielectric metasurface-based metalens. Here, we mainly analyzed the influences of fabrication errors in dielectric metasurface-based metalens, including geometric size and shape of the unit element, on the focusing efficiency and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) values. Simulation results demonstrated that the performance of the metasurface was robust to fabrication errors within a certain range, which provides a theoretical guide for the concrete fabrication processes of dielectric metasurfaces.

16.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7961, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575172

RESUMO

Construction of C-N bond continues to be one part of the most significant goals in organic chemistry because of the universal applications of amines in pharmaceuticals, materials and agrochemicals. However, E2 elimination through classic SN2 substitution of alkyl halides lead to generation of alkenes as major side-products. Thus, formation of a challenging C(sp3)-N bond especially on tertiary carbon center remains highly desirable. Herein, we present a practical alternative to prepare primary, secondary and tertiary alkyl amines with high efficiency between alkyl iodides and easily accessible diazonium salts. This robust transformation only employs Cs2CO3 promoting halogen-atom transfer (XAT) process under transition-metal-free reaction conditions, thus providing a rapid method to assemble diverse C(sp3)-N bonds. Moreover, diazonium salts served as alkyl radical initiator and amination reagent in the reaction. Mechanism studies suggest this reaction undergo through halogen-atom transfer process to generate active alkyl radical which couples with diazonium cations to furnish final products.

17.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 971952, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36532277

RESUMO

Introduction: Oxygen-induced retinopathy is a type of retinal pathological neovascularization (NV) disease that leads to vision loss and translates to a significant societal cost. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-inflammatory treatments have been widely used in the clinic, but the results have not been entirely satisfactory. It is necessary to explore other treatments for Ischemic retinal diseases. Methods: The oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model was induced from P7 to P12 as described. Histology evaluation (HE) and retina flat mounts were checked at P17 to confirm the establishment of the OIR model. Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration was checked by transmission electron microscopy at P17 to confirm the neurological damage caused by OIR. Western blot analysis was performed at P12, P15, and P17 to study the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) in normal and OIR mice. Comparative analysis of the expressions of BDNF, CNTF, and FGF-2 in normal and OIR mice was performed. Results: There were many retinal NV and non-perfusion areas in OIR P17. RGCs were degenerated at OIR P17. The expressions of BDNF, CNTF, and FGF-2 gradually increased from P12 to P17 in normal mice and were much higher in OIR mice. The expression curves of BDNF, CNTF, and FGF-2 in the OIR model were inconsistent and did not correlate with each other. Discussion: This study provides evidence for changes in BDNF, CNTF, and FGF-2 in Oxygen-induced retinopathy.

18.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 23(1): 548, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36536297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today's biomedical imaging technology has been able to present the morphological structure or functional metabolic information of organisms at different scale levels, such as organ, tissue, cell, molecule and gene. However, different imaging modes have different application scope, advantages and disadvantages. In order to improve the role of medical image in disease diagnosis, the fusion of biomedical image information at different imaging modes and scales has become an important research direction in medical image. Traditional medical image fusion methods are all designed to measure the activity level and fusion rules. They are lack of mining the context features of different modes of image, which leads to the obstruction of improving the quality of fused images. METHOD: In this paper, an attention-multiscale network medical image fusion model based on contextual features is proposed. The model selects five backbone modules in the VGG-16 network to build encoders to obtain the contextual features of medical images. It builds the attention mechanism branch to complete the fusion of global contextual features and designs the residual multiscale detail processing branch to complete the fusion of local contextual features. Finally, it completes the cascade reconstruction of features by the decoder to obtain the fused image. RESULTS: Ten sets of images related to five diseases are selected from the AANLIB database to validate the VANet model. Structural images are derived from MR images with high resolution and functional images are derived from SPECT and PET images that are good at describing organ blood flow levels and tissue metabolism. Fusion experiments are performed on twelve fusion algorithms including the VANet model. The model selects eight metrics from different aspects to build a fusion quality evaluation system to complete the performance evaluation of the fused images. Friedman's test and the post-hoc Nemenyi test are introduced to conduct professional statistical tests to demonstrate the superiority of VANet model. CONCLUSIONS: The VANet model completely captures and fuses the texture details and color information of the source images. From the fusion results, the metabolism and structural information of the model are well expressed and there is no interference of color information on the structure and texture; in terms of the objective evaluation system, the metric value of the VANet model is generally higher than that of other methods.; in terms of efficiency, the time consumption of the model is acceptable; in terms of scalability, the model is not affected by the input order of source images and can be extended to tri-modal fusion.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1046790, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505457

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common aggressive malignant tumor of the urinary system. Given the heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment, immunotherapy may not fully exert its role in the treatment of advanced patients. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been reported to be critically associated with the differentiation and maturation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), which work against tumor cells. In this study, we identified 10 TIL-related lncRNAs (AL590094.1, LINC02027, LINC00460, AC147651.1, AC026401.3, LINC00944, LINC01615, AP000439.2, AL162586.1, and AC084876.1) by Pearson correlation, univariate Cox regression, Lasso regression, and multivariate Cox regression based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A risk score model was established based on these lncRNAs. Next, a nomogram was constructed to predict the overall survival. By employing differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between groups with high and low risk scores, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed to identify the major biological processes (BP) related to immune DEGs. We analyzed the mutation data of the groups and demonstrated that SETD2 and BAP1 had the highest mutation frequency in the high-risk group. The "CIBERSORT" R package was used to detect the abundance of TILs in the groups. The expression of lymphocyte markers was compared. We also determined the expression of two lncRNAs (AC084876.1 and AC026401.3) and their relationship with lymphocyte markers in the kidney tissue of ccRCC patients and showed that there was a positive correlation between AC084876.1 and FoxP3. Proliferation, migration, and invasion of AC084876.1-downregulated ccRCC cell lines were inhibited, and the expression of PD-L1 and TGF-ß secretion decreased. To our knowledge, this is the first bioinformatics study to establish a prognostic model for ccRCC using TIL-related lncRNAs. These lncRNAs were associated with T-cell activities and may serve as biomarkers of disease prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(12)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557346

RESUMO

Wearable devices based on surface electromyography (sEMG) to detect muscle activity can be used to assess muscle strength with the development of hand rehabilitation applications. However, conventional acquisition devices are usually complicated to operate and poorly comfortable for more medical and scientific application scenarios. Here, we report a flexible sEMG acquisition system that combines a graphene-based flexible electrode with a signal acquisition flexible printed circuit (FPC) board. Our system utilizes a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate combined with graphene transfer technology to develop a flexible sEMG sensor. The single-lead sEMG acquisition system was designed and the FPC board was fabricated considering the requirements of flexible bending and twisting. We demonstrate the above design approach and extend this flexible sEMG acquisition system to applications for assessing muscle strength and hand rehabilitation training using a long- and short-term memory network training model trained to predict muscle strength, with 98.81% accuracy in the test set. The device exhibited good flexion and comfort characteristics. In general, the ability to accurately and imperceptibly monitor surface electromyography (EMG) signals is critical for medical professionals and patients.

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