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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 305: 120537, 2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737189

RESUMO

Both inorganic and polymeric membranes have been widely applied for antimicrobial applications. However, these membranes exhibit low biocompatibility, weak biodegradability, and potential toxicity to human being and environment. Biomass materials serve as excellent candidates for fabricating functional membranes to address these problems due to their unique physical, chemical, and biological properties. Here we present recent progress in the fabrication, functional regulation, and antimicrobial applications of various biomass-based membranes. We first introduce the types of biomass membranes and their fabrication methods, including the phase inversion, vacuum filtration, electrospinning, layer-by-layer self-assembly, and coating. Then, the strategies on functional regulation of biomass membranes by adding 0D, 1D, and 2D nanomaterials are presented and analyzed. In addition, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral applications of biomass-based functional membranes are summarized. Finally, potential development aspects of biomass membranes are discussed and prospected. This comprehensive review is valuable for guiding the design, synthesis, structural/functional tailoring, and sustainable utilization of biomass membranes.

2.
Se Pu ; 41(2): 122-130, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725708

RESUMO

Snake venom is a complex mixture secreted from the glands of poisonous snakes, which contains proteins, peptides, lipids, nucleosides, sugars, amino acids, amines, metal ions, and other components. According to the toxicological classification, snake venoms can be classified as neurotoxins, anticoagulants and procoagulant toxins, cardiac toxins, other toxin proteins, and enzymes. Proteins and peptides are the key components of snake venom. The establishment of rapid, accurate analysis and identification methods for proteins in snake venom is a prerequisite for snake venom-related forensic identification, intoxication events, and pharmaceutical development. Until now, the classical analysis and identification methods have mainly been biochemical or immunoassays for DNA or proteins, such as polymerase chain reaction, agglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fluorescent immunoassay, and various biosensing approaches. These methods have some limitations such as a high false-positive ratio, low sensitivity, poor anti-interference ability, and limited species discrimination capability. In recent years, with the rapid development of mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, the proteomics of snake venom has also attracted much attention and has contributed to the identification of snake species, in which non-targeted and targeted proteomics represent two main divisions. However, species identification via proteomics is in its infancy in forensic science. First, the tandem MS spectra of peptide sequences are highly complex, which poses a great challenge for the strict and accurate matching of peptides based on the rational speculation of MS fragmentation rules and theoretical calculations in non-targeted proteomics. Second, for the confirmation and identification of unknown substances, reference substances are commonly needed, but those for snake venom are lacking. Proteomics in snake venom identification is still in progress to improve the identification confidence and clarify the identification rules. In this work, a method based on nano-ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (Nano LC-MS/HRMS) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) was developed for identifying proteins and their source species, with strict rules for five suspected snake venom samples and their contamination in one case. Three SEC elution peaks were obtained from each of the five samples, which were lyophilized and treated with trypsin in solution, and then separated and analyzed by Nano LC-MS/HRMS. First, the Full MS/dd MS2 mode was used for the non-targeted acquisition of peptide information in the samples, and after submission to the Swiss-Prot database, the protein databases of Serpentes, Colubroidea, Elapidae, Elapinae, and Naja were contracted stepwise and compared. A total of 32 proteins from Naja atra were identified under the conditions of both peptide spectrum match and false discovery rate less than 1%, and number of characteristic peptides greater than or equal to two. All of these were derived from ten families of Naja atra, mainly three-finger toxins, metalloproteinases, and phospholipase A2. Proteins D3TTC2, D5LMJ3, Q7T1K6, Q9DEQ3, and Q9YGI4 were the most common among the five samples. Finally, the parallel reaction monitoring mode was adopted to select two unique peptides for each protein for targeted verification. It was considered that a protein in the samples was truly identified when it met the strict standard "the Δm/z of at least 75% y+ and b+ ions of each unique peptide was less than 5 ppm". After these consequently procedures, we identified that all five samples contained the venom of the Naja atra. Our identification method is a systematic and strict example that can provide effective technical support for the forensic identification of snake venom poisoning, as well as for pharmaceutical development toward snake venoms.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Venenos de Serpentes , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Venenos de Serpentes/análise , Venenos de Serpentes/química , Venenos de Serpentes/metabolismo , Peptídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Proteoma/análise
3.
Opt Lett ; 48(3): 684-687, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723563

RESUMO

We propose a chaotic region-optimized probabilistic constellation shaping (CRPCS) scheme to enhance the security and the resistance to turbulence for free-space optical (FSO) communications. For this approach, a four-dimensional hyperchaotic system generates a pseudorandom sequence to rotate and encrypt the constellation. Constellation distribution of short pseudorandom sequences behaves as the law of a non-uniform character. Grouping long pseudorandom sequences and counting the characteristics of constellation distribution can realize probabilistic constellation shaping with low and fixed redundant information. We demonstrate a 56 Gbyte/s coherent FSO communication system based on log-normal and Gamma-Gamma turbulence models with a key space of 1075. The results show that the optical receiver sensitivity is improved by 0.3-1.1 dB, and the transmission distance is also improved by 3.2%-7.0% in different shaping cases.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205156, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727826

RESUMO

Volcanic ash is a major threat to aviation safety. The softening/melting temperatures of volcanic ash lie far below typical aero-engine operating temperatures. Thus, molten ash can accelerate the failure of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). Here, inspired by natural superhydrophobic surfaces (e.g., the lotus leaf), a molten-volcanic-ash-phobic TBC, which provides a large possibility to eliminate molten ash issues of TBCs, is developed. A hierarchically structured surface is first prepared on a (Gd0.9 Yb0.1 )2 Zr2 O7 (GYbZ) pellet by ultrafast laser direct writing technology, aiming to confirm the feasibility of the biomimetic microstructure to repel molten volcanic ash wetting. Then biomimetic-structured GYbZ TBCs are successfully fabricated using plasma spray physical vapor deposition, which reveals "silicate" phobicity at high temperatures. The exciting molten-volcanic-ash-phobic attribute of the designed surfaces is attributed to the lotus-leaf-like dual-scale microstructure, emulating in particular the existence of nanoparticles. These findings may be an important step toward the development of next-generation aviation engines with greatly reduced vulnerability to environmental siliceous debris.

5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 66, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of unilateral wiltse transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) combined with unilateral nail bar system fixation for single-level lumbar degenerative diseases with the assistance of a new automatic retraction device in a retrospective comparative study. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with single-level lumbar degenerative diseases from September 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Bilateral nail bar fixation with bullet-type fusion cage (ctrl group, 24 patients) and unilateral nail bar fixation on the affected side with kidney-like fusion cage (study group, 22 patients) were performed in TLIF via wiltse intermuscular approach assisted by a new automatic retraction device. The differences in intraoperative blood loss, operative time, intraoperative fluoroscopy time, postoperative drainage, bed rest, VAS score, ODI score, JOA score, serological creatine kinase (CK), the proportion of multifidus atrophy, modified Pfirrmann classification and intervertebral space height of the upper intervertebral disc were compared between the two groups based on clinical and imaging data. RESULTS: Intraoperative bleeding, operative time, and postoperative drainage were significantly lower in study group than ctrl group, and there were no significant differences in bed rest time and intraoperative fluoroscopy time between them. In addition, there was no statistical difference in CK between the study group and the ctrl group at 24 and 48 h postoperatively. Moreover, no statistically significant difference was found in VAS score of low back pain, VAS score of lower limb pain, ODI index, modified Pfirrmann classification of the upper intervertebral disc and intervertebral space height of the upper intervertebral disc between two groups. The atrophy ratio of multifidus muscle was significantly lower in the study group. CONCLUSION: The new automatic retraction device assisted unilateral TLIF surgery with wiltse approach combined with unilateral nail bar fixation is a simple, effective and easy to master surgical method for single-level lumbar degenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Atrofia
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2023: 3626776, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36714031

RESUMO

Biodegradable iron alloy implants have become one of the most ideal possible candidates because of their biocompatibility and comprehensive mechanical properties. Iron alloy's impact on chondrocytes is still unknown, though. This investigation looked at the biocompatibility and degradation of the Fe30Mn0.6N alloy as well as how it affected bone formation and chondrocyte autophagy. In vivo implantation of Fe30Mn0.6N and Ti6Al4V rods into rabbit femoral cartilage and femoral shaft was carried out to evaluate the degradation of the alloy and the cartilage and bone response at different intervals. After 8 weeks of implantation, the cross-sectional area of the Fe30Mn0.6N alloys lowered by 50.79 ± 9.59%. More Ca and P element deposition was found on the surface Fe30Mn0.6N rods by using energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (P < 0.05). After 2, 4, and 8 weeks of implantation, no evident inflammatory infiltration was seen in peri-implant cartilage and bone tissue of Fe30Mn0.6N and Ti6Al4V alloys. Also, implantation of Fe30Mn0.6N alloy promoted autophagy in cartilage by detecting expression of LC3-II compared with Ti6Al4V after implantation (P < 0.05). Fe30Mn0.6N alloy also stimulated early osteogenesis at the peri-implant interface compared with Ti6Al4V after implantation (P < 0.05). In the in vitro test, we found that low concentrations of Fe30Mn0.6N extracts had no influence on cell viability. 15% and 30% extracts of Fe30Mn0.6N could upregulate autophagy compared to the control group by detecting beclin-1, LC3, Atg3, and P62 on the basis of WB and IHC (P < 0.05). Also, the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway mediated in the upregulation of autophagy of chondrocytes resulting in exposure to extract of Fe30Mn0.6N alloy. It is concluded that Fe30Mn0.6N showed degradability and biocompatibility in vivo and upregulated autophagy activity in chondrocytes.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Coelhos , Fêmur/metabolismo , Ligas/química , Implantes Absorvíveis , Cartilagem/metabolismo
7.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633187

RESUMO

Research on metabolic heterogeneity provides an important basis for the study of the molecular mechanism of a disease and personalized treatment. The screening of metabolism-related sub-regions that affect disease development is essential for the more focused exploration on disease progress aberrant phenotypes, even carcinogenesis and metastasis. The mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) technique has distinct advantages to reveal the heterogeneity of an organism based on in situ molecular profiles. The challenge of heterogeneous analysis has been to perform an objective identification among biological tissues with different characteristics. By introducing the divide-and-conquer strategy to architecture design and application, we establish here a flexible unsupervised deep learning model, called divide-and-conquer (dc)-DeepMSI, for metabolic heterogeneity analysis from MSI data without prior knowledge of histology. dc-DeepMSI can be used to identify either spatially contiguous regions of interest (ROIs) or spatially sporadic ROIs by designing two specific modes, spat-contig and spat-spor. Comparison results on fetus mouse data demonstrate that the dc-DeepMSI outperforms state-of-the-art MSI segmentation methods. We demonstrate that the novel learning strategy successfully obtained sub-regions that are statistically linked to the invasion status and molecular phenotypes of breast cancer as well as organizing principles during developmental phase.

8.
Bone Joint Res ; 12(1): 33-45, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642417

RESUMO

AIMS: Circular RNA (circRNA) is involved in the regulation of articular cartilage degeneration induced by inflammatory factors or oxidative stress. In a previous study, we found that the expression of circStrn3 was significantly reduced in chondrocytes of osteoarthritis (OA) patients and OA mice. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to explore the role and mechanism of circStrn3 in osteoarthritis. METHODS: Minus RNA sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the expression of circStrn3 in human and mouse OA cartilage tissues and chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were then stimulated to secrete exosomal miR-9-5p by cyclic tensile strain. Intra-articular injection of exosomal miR-9-5p into the model induced by destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) surgery was conducted to alleviate OA progression. RESULTS: Tensile strain could decrease the expression of circStrn3 in chondrocytes. CircStrn3 expression was significantly decreased in human and mouse OA cartilage tissues and chondrocytes. CircStrn3 could inhibit matrix metabolism of chondrocytes through competitively 'sponging' miRNA-9-5p targeting Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5), indicating that the decrease in circStrn3 might be a protective factor in mechanical instability-induced OA. The tensile strain stimulated chondrocytes to secrete exosomal miR-9-5p. Exosomes with high miR-9-5p expression from chondrocytes could inhibit osteoblast differentiation by targeting KLF5. Intra-articular injection of exosomal miR-9-5p alleviated the progression of OA induced by destabilized medial meniscus surgery in mice. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results demonstrate that reduction of circStrn3 causes an increase in miR-9-5p, which acts as a protective factor in mechanical instability-induced OA, and provides a novel mechanism of communication among joint components and a potential application for the treatment of OA.Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2023;12(1):33-45.

9.
Foods ; 12(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613418

RESUMO

The present study used acetic acid, sodium hydroxide, and pepsin extract acid-soluble collagen (ASC), alkali-soluble collagen (ALSC), and pepsin-soluble collagen (PSC) from the bones of spent-hens, and the effects of three extraction methods on the characteristics, processing properties, antioxidant properties and acceptability of chicken bone collagen were compared. The results showed that the extraction rates of ASC, ALSC and PSC extracted from bones of spent-hens were 3.39%, 2.42% and 9.63%, respectively. The analysis of the amino acid composition, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and ultraviolet full spectrum showed that the collagen extracted by the three methods had typical collagen characteristics and stable triple-helix structure, but the triple helical structure of PSC is more stable, and acid and alkaline extraction seems to have adverse effects on the secondary structure of chicken bone collagen. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) scanning showed that PSC had higher thermal stability and more regular, loose, and porous microstructure. In addition, PSC has good processing properties, in vitro antioxidant activity, and organoleptic acceptability. Therefore, enzymatic hydrolysis was still one of the best methods to prepare collagen from bones of spent-hens, and enzyme-soluble collagen has wider application prospects in functional food and medicine and also provides an effective way for the high-value comprehensive utilization of waste chicken bone by-products.

10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 25(1): 46-50, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the significance of E-cadherin and the association between E-cadherin methylation status and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by examining the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and its gene methylation status in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children with ALL. METHODS: The samples of 5 mL bone marrow blood were collected from 42 children with ALL who were diagnosed for the first time at diagnosis (pre-treatment group) and on day 33 of induction chemotherapy (post-treatment group). RT-qPCR, Western blot, and methylation-specific PCR were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and the methylation level of the E-cadherin gene. The changes in each index after induction chemotherapy were compared. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin in the post-treatment group were significantly higher than those in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05), while the positive rate of E-cadherin gene methylation in the post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05). At the end of the test, the children with negative methylation had significantly higher overall survival rate and event-free survival rate than those with positive methylation (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: E-cadherin expression is associated with the development of ALL in children, and its decreased expression and increased methylation level may indicate a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Caderinas , Metilação de DNA , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Humanos , Caderinas/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro
11.
Chem Biol Interact ; 372: 110369, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708975

RESUMO

G and V-type nerve agents represent the most toxic chemical warfare agents. Their primary toxicity was the consequence of the covalent inhibition of the pivotal acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which induces overstimulation of cholinergic receptors and overaccumulation of cholines, eventually leading to death by respiratory arrest. The inhibitory and reactivation kinetics of cholinesterase (ChE) are essential for the toxicology and countermeasures of nerve agents. Medical defensive research on V-type nerve agents (V agents) has been mainly reported on VX and VR. Here we demonstrated the first systematical kinetic analysis between the type of ChE [native or recombinant human AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)] and three V agents, including VX, VR, and Vs, another isomer of VX, and highlighted the effects of native and recombinant ChE differences. The spontaneous reactivation and aging kinetics data of Vs-inhibited BChEs were firstly reported here. The results showed that AChE was more easily inhibited by three V agent compared to BChE, regardless of whether it is native or recombinant. The increased inhibitory potency order on AChE was VX, Vs, then VR, and on BChE was VX, then Vs and VR. The difference between native and recombinant ChE could influence the inhibition, aging, and spontaneous reactivation kinetics of three V agents, whether AChE or BChE, which was systematically revealed for the first time. For inhibition kinetics, the ki of three V agents for recombinant AChE was significantly higher than native AChE, and the stronger the inhibitory potency of V agents, the more pronounced difference in ki. In terms of aging and spontaneous reactivation kinetics, recombinant ChE was found to be more prone to spontaneous reactivation, but more resistant to aging compared to native ChE, particularly for AChE. The performed covalent molecular docking results partially explained the effects of differences between native and recombinant ChE on enzyme kinetics from the perspective of binding energy and conformation.

12.
Plant Sci ; 329: 111600, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682586

RESUMO

Ein3-binding F-box (EBF) proteins have been determined to modulate ethylene response processes by regulating EIN3/EIL protein degradation in Arabidopsis and tomato. However, the function of pear PbrEBFs in ethylene-dependent responses during fruit ripening remains unclear. In this study, PbrEBF1, PbrEBF2, and PbrEBF3 display contrasting expression patterns in response to ethylene and 1-MCP treatment. PbrEBF3 displayed potential fruit ripening-associated function in a transient expression experiment. Yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) and Firefly luciferase complementation imaging (LCI) assays indicated that PbrEBF3 interacts with PbrEIL1, PbrEIL2, and PbrEIL3 proteins. In turn, the transcription of PbrEBF3 is directly regulated by PbrEILs via a feedback loop. PbrEILs trigger a transcriptional cascade of PbrERF24 and finally affect ethylene synthesis. Overall, PbrEBF3 plays a central role in pear fruit ripening through mediation of the ethylene signaling pathway.

13.
Cell Signal ; 104: 110589, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621727

RESUMO

We previously reported that CAP1 (Cyclase-Associated Protein 1) regulates matrix adhesion in mammalian cells through FAK (Focal Adhesion Kinase). More recently, we discovered a phosphor-regulation mechanism for CAP1 through the Ser307/Ser309 tandem site that is of critical importance for all CAP1 functions. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the CAP1 function in adhesion and its regulation remain largely unknown. Here we report that Rap1 also facilitates the CAP1 function in adhesion, and more importantly, we identify a novel signaling pathway where CAP1 mediates the cAMP signals, through the cAMP effectors Epac (Exchange proteins directly activated by cAMP) and PKA (Protein Kinase A), to activate Rap1 in stimulating matrix adhesion in colon cancer cells. Knockdown of CAP1 led to opposite adhesion phenotypes in SW480 and HCT116 colon cancer cells, with reduced matrix adhesion and reduced FAK and Rap1 activities in SW480 cells while it stimulated matrix adhesion as well as FAK and Rap1 activities in HCT116 cells. Importantly, depletion of CAP1 abolished the stimulatory effects of the cAMP activators forskolin and isoproterenol, as well as that of Epac and PKA, on matrix adhesion in both cell types. Our results consistently support a required role for CAP1 in the cAMP activation of Rap1. Identification of the key role for CAP1 in linking the major second messenger cAMP to activation of Rap1 in stimulating adhesion, which may potentially also regulate proliferation in other cell types, not only vertically extends our knowledge on CAP biology, but also carries important translational potential for targeting CAP1 in cancer therapeutics.

14.
Cereb Cortex ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646465

RESUMO

Cortical folding patterns are related to brain function, cognition, and behavior. Since the relationship has not been fully explained on a coarse scale, many efforts have been devoted to the identification of finer grained cortical landmarks, such as sulcal pits and gyral peaks, which were found to remain invariant across subjects and ages and the invariance may be related to gene mediated proto-map. However, gyral peaks were only investigated on macaque monkey brains, but not on human brains where the investigation is challenged due to high inter-individual variabilities. To this end, in this work, we successfully identified 96 gyral peaks both on the left and right hemispheres of human brains, respectively. These peaks are spatially consistent across individuals. Higher or sharper peaks are more consistent across subjects. Both structural and functional graph metrics of peaks are significantly different from other cortical regions, and more importantly, these nodal graph metrics are anti-correlated with the spatial consistency metrics within peaks. In addition, the distribution of peaks and various cortical anatomical, structural/functional connective features show hemispheric symmetry. These findings provide new clues to understanding the cortical landmarks, as well as their relationship with brain functions, cognition, behavior in both healthy and aberrant brains.

15.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous cross-sectional studies have identified a possible link between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and dementia. However, the association of H. pylori infection with longitudinal cognitive decline has rarely been investigated. OBJECTIVE: This cohort study aims to demonstrate the effects of H. pylori infection on longitudinal cognitive decline. METHODS: This cohort study recruited 268 subjects with memory complaints. Among these subjects, 72 had a history of H. pylori infection, and the rest 196 subjects had no H. pylori infection. These subjects were followed up for 24 months and received cognitive assessment in fixed intervals of 12 months. RESULTS: At baseline, H. pylori infected, and uninfected participants had no difference in MMSE scores. At 2 years of follow-up, H. pylori infected participants had lower MMSE scores than uninfected participants. H. pylori infection was associated with an increased risk of longitudinal cognitive decline, as defined by a decrease of MMSE of 3 points or more during follow-up, adjusting for age, sex, education, APOEɛ4 genotype, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and smoking history (HR: 2.701; 95% CI: 1.392 to 5.242). H. pylori infection was associated with larger cognitive decline during follow-up, adjusting for the above covariates (standardized coefficient: 0.282, p < 0.001). Furthermore, H. pylori infected subjects had significantly higher speed of cognitive decline than uninfected subjects during follow-up, adjusting for the above covariates. CONCLUSION: H. pylori infection increases the risk of longitudinal cognitive decline in older subjects with memory complaints. This study is helpful for further understanding the association between infection and dementia.

16.
Pathol Res Pract ; 241: 154260, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36509007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is known as a major complication associated with poor survival. We clinically defined a new and rare type of HCC, PVTT-type HCC (PVTT-HCC), in a small group of HCC patients with HCC presenting only as PVTT without a demonstrable parenchyma tumour. The clinicopathological and biological features of PVTT-HCC are not clear. METHODS: The data for patients who had PVTT-HCC with histologically confirmed HCC from January 2004 to December 2012 at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were retrospectively analysed. The survival outcomes of patients with PVTT-HCC were compared with those of HCC patients with PVTT (HCC-PVTT). Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to match patients at a ratio of 1:3. Then, we performed RNA-Seq analysis of liver samples from PVTT-HCC and HCC-PVTT patients to identify and compare differentially expressed genes and biological pathways between the two groups. RESULTS: We observed and collected 10 rare cases of PVTT-HCC and performed a prospective cohort study to compare overall survival (OS) between PVTT-HCC and HCC-PVTT. PVTT invaded the main portal vein in 10 PVTT-HCC patients. Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that ChildPugh (A/B), different treatments (LR/non-LR), and different groups were independent risk factors for OS. The median OS was 10.3 months (95 % CI = 6.7-13.8) in the HCC-PVTT group and 7.5 months (95 % CI = 2.8-12.1) in the PVTT-HCC group (P = 0.042). From RNA-Seq, 1630 differentially expressed genes were obtained, of which 731 were upregulated and 899 downregulated in PVTT-HCC compared with HCC-PVTT. CONCLUSIONS: The survival outcomes of patients with PVTT-HCC were worse than those of patients with HCC-PVTT. RNA-Seq demonstrated differential gene expression between PVTT-HCC and HCC-PVTT, indicating that the former may have distinguishing biological characteristics and be a new and rare type of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Trombose , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Veia Porta/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Trombose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 123: 15-29, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521980

RESUMO

Diesel vehicles have caused serious environmental problems in China. Hence, the Chinese government has launched serious actions against air pollution and imposed more stringent regulations on diesel vehicle emissions in the latest China VI standard. To fulfill this stringent legislation, two major technical routes, including the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and high-efficiency selective catalytic reduction (SCR) routes, have been developed for diesel engines. Moreover, complicated aftertreatment technologies have also been developed, including use of a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) for controlling carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions, diesel particulate filter (DPF) for particle mass (PM) emission control, SCR for the control of NOx emission, and an ammonia slip catalyst (ASC) for the control of unreacted NH3. Due to the stringent requirements of the China VI standard, the aftertreatment system needs to be more deeply integrated with the engine system. In the future, aftertreatment technologies will need further upgrades to fulfill the requirements of the near-zero emission target for diesel vehicles.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Poluição do Ar/análise , Catálise , China , Gasolina , Material Particulado/análise , Veículos Automotores
18.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 10(4): e2205540, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480314

RESUMO

The conversion of biomass is a favorable alternative to the fossil energy route to solve the energy crisis and environmental pollution. As one of the most versatile platform compounds, 5-hydroxymethylfural (HMF) can be transformed to various value-added chemicals via electrolysis combining with renewable energy. Here, the recent advances in electrochemical oxidation of HMF, from reaction mechanism to reactor design are reviewed. First, the reaction mechanism and pathway are summarized systematically. Second, the parameters easy to be ignored are emphasized and discussed. Then, the electrocatalysts are reviewed comprehensively for different products and the reactors are introduced. Finally, future efforts on exploring reaction mechanism, electrocatalysts, and reactor are prospected. This review provides a deeper understanding of mechanism for electrochemical oxidation of HMF, the design of electrocatalyst and reactor, which is expected to promote the economical and efficient electrochemical conversion of biomass for industrial applications.

19.
Hellenic J Cardiol ; 69: 9-15, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36509330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) on the prognosis of patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) under different treatment strategies. METHODS: We analyzed a total of 1124 patients who were diagnosed with CTO and divided them into groups with good CCC (grade 2 to 3, n = 539) or poor CCC (grade 0 to 1, n = 531). The primary outcome was cardiac death during follow-up; the secondary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). We also performed subgroup analyses in groups with and without CTO revascularization (CTO-R and CTO-NR, respectively), and sensitivity analyses excluding patients who received failed CTO-PCI to further investigate the effect of CCC. RESULTS: During a median follow-up duration of 23 months, we did not detect any significant differences between the good CCC group and the poor CCC group in terms of cardiac death (4.2% vs 4.1%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56-1.83; p = 0.970) and MACEs (23.6% vs 23.2%; adjusted HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.84-1.37; p = 0.590). Subgroup analyses according to CTO revascularization showed similar results. In addition, we observed no differences in sensitivity analyses when patients who received failed CTO-PCI were excluded. CONCLUSION: Good CCC was not associated with a lower risk of cardiac death or MACEs among patients with CTO, regardless of whether the patients received CTO revascularization treatment.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 27(2): 189-203, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541023

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are often found in eukaryocyte and have a role in the pathogenesis of a variety of human disorders. Our related research has shown the differential expression of circRNAs in periprosthetic osteolysis (PPOL). However, the involvement of circRNAs in the exact process is yet unknown. CircSLC8A1 expression was evaluated in clinical samples and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) in this investigation using quantitative real-time PCR. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to explicate its functional role and pathway. We demonstrated CircSLC8A1 is involved in PPOL using gain- and loss-of-function methods. The association of CircSLC8A1 and miR-144-3p, along with miR-144-3p and RUNX1, was predicted using bioinformatics. RNA pull-down and luciferase assays confirmed it. The impact of CircSLC8A1 in the PPOL-mouse model was also investigated using adeno-associated virus. CircSLC8A1 was found to be downregulated in PPOL patients' periprosthetic tissues. Overexpression of CircSLC8A1 promoted osteogenic differentiation (OD) and inhibited apoptosis of hBMSCs in vitro. The osteogenic markers of RUNX1, osteopontin (OPN) and osteocalcin (OCN) were significantly upregulated in hBMSCs after miR-144-3p inhibitor was transferred. Mechanistic analysis demonstrated that CircSLC8A1 directly bound to miR-144-3p and participated in PPOL through the miR-144-3p/RUNX1 pathway in hBMSCs. Micro-CT and quantitative analysis showed that CircSLC8A1 markedly inhibited PPOL, and osteogenic markers (RUNX1, OPN and OCN) were significantly increased (P<0.05) in the mice model. Our findings prove that CircSLC8A1 exerted a regulatory role in promoting osteogenic differentiation in hBMSCs, and CircSLC8A1/miR-144-3p/RUNX1 pathway may provide a potential target for prevention of PPOL.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Osteólise , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Osteólise/genética , Osteólise/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas
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