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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112228, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513838

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chuanxiong Rhizoma and Cyperi Rhizoma (CRCR), an ancient and classic herbal pair, has been used in herbal medicines for treating migraine, but its effective components are not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study aimed to identify and quantify the quality markers and anti-migraine active components in CRCR based on chemometric analysis between chemical constituents and pharmacological effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HPLC fingerprints of eight batches of CRCR samples were obtained, and their characteristic common peaks were identified by HPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The therapeutic effects of eight batches of CRCR samples on nitroglycerin-induced migraine rats were evaluated by migraine-related neurotransmitters and neuropeptides. Similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were applied to screen the quality markers. Artificial neural network and partial least squares regression models were used to screen the anti-migraine compounds by correlating the chemical constituents in HPLC fingerprints and pharmacological indicators. RESULTS: Eighteen characteristic common peaks were found in the HPLC fingerprints, including eleven known compounds and seven unknown compounds. Ferulic acid (FA), senkyunolide I (SI), senkyunolide A (SA), 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP), Z-ligustilide (LIG), Z-3-butylidenephthalide (BDPH), nookatone (NKT), levistilide A (LA), α-cyperone (CYP) and other five unknown compounds (P1, P2, P7, P8 and P9) were identified as quality markers. SA, NBP, LIG, NKT, CYP and other three unknown compounds (P1, P4 and P9) can be considered as anti-migraine prototype compounds. The quality markers and anti-migraine active components were further quantified in CRCR extract, rat serum and cerebral cortex by UPLC-MS/MS, which gives a clue to track the dynamic changes of the contents of the main constituents. CONCLUSIONS: Our study explored the anti-migraine material basis, and could lay a foundation for the improvement of the quality control of CRCR in practice.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672635

RESUMO

"Green" solvent ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([Emim]Ac) was used as a solvent for maize starch (MS) and potato starch (PS). Different scanning calorimetry (DSC), microscopy, rapid visco analysis, X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy were carried out to systematically investigate the phase transition, viscosity, crystalline structure and morphology of the two typical starches. The effect of [Emim]Ac/H2O ratio on the behaviors of starch was explored and the difference between native MS and PS in [Emim]Ac/H2O mixtures was compared. The effects of IL were closely related to the starch source and structure. With the increase of [Emim]Ac/H2O ratio, the gelatinization and dissolution of starch occurred competitively and synergistically. DSC results demonstrated that the transition of starch was from a single endotherm to an exotherm/endotherm, and then to a single exotherm with the increase of IL. The gelatinization temperature of MS was as low as 44.4 °C in IL/H2O mixture, which provided a wonderful solvent for MS. RVA, microscopy, XRD and SEM results provided forceful evidence for the effect of [Emim]Ac. This study provided experimental supports and theoretical foundation for understanding the starch behaviors in "green" solvents and expanding industrial applications of starch-based degradable materials in more appropriate solvents.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17708, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689803

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preoperative sleep quality on acute postoperative pain in breast cancer patients.The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used to assess the overall sleep status of women scheduled for unilateral modified radical mastectomy in the past month. Based on the responses, patients were allocated to good sleep group or poor sleep group. Postoperatively, acute pain was assessed using the numerical rating score in the first 24 hours; in addition, the requirement of analgesics and the incidence of postoperative complications were recorded.A total of 108 breast surgery patients were enrolled. Based on the PSQI results, 55 (51%) patients were allocated to poor sleep group and 53 (49%) to good sleep group. Pain scores were similar in the 2 groups at the end of surgery (P = .589); however, poor sleep group reported higher postoperative pain scores than the good sleep group at 2 (P = .002), 6 (P < .001), 12 (P < .001), and 24 (P = .002) hours after surgery. The incidence of severe pain in the poor sleep group was higher than that in the good sleep group (27% vs 8%, P = .018), and the ratio of participants who required rescued analgesics was greater in the poor sleep group (52% vs 22%, P = .002). In addition, patients with poor sleep quality had more postoperative complications and longer hospital stay.In this study, breast cancer patients with poor preoperative sleep quality reported more severe postoperative pain, required more analgesics, experienced more complications, and had longer hospital stay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current methods of treating lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT), such as catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) alone, or percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) alone, are accompanied by unacceptably high risks of complications. This preliminary retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of CDT combined with PMT (via the AngioJet system), relative to CDT alone, in treating LEDVT. METHODS: Forty-two patients (43 limbs) with symptomatic DVT received either CDT alone (n = 12), or PMT combined with CDT (PMT+CDT), from May 2012 to December 2016. The groups were compared for clinical outcomes, and demographics, LEDVT risk factors, and dosages of urokinase. Thrombus removal, by venographic evidence, was classified as grades I (<50%), II (50 to 99%), or III (>99%). RESULTS: In the CDT (PMT+CDT) cohorts, grades I, II, and III thrombus removal was achieved by 8% (3%), 17% (10%), and 75% (87%) of patients, respectively. The urokinase dosage and hospitalization required by the CDT group (5.29 ± 0.45 million IU, 20.4 ± 4.6 d) was significantly greater than that of the PMT+CDT (4.08 ± 1.15 million IU, 16.0 ± 6.0 d; P = 0.001, 0.039). The clinical outcomes of the two groups were similar. CONCLUSION: Combined PMT and CDT was effective and safe for LEDVT clinical therapy, and hospital stay, urokinase dosage, and complications were less compared with patients who received CDT only.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751700

RESUMO

To explore a valuable new enzyme method that effectively changes the molecular structure and absorption property of potato and sweet potato starch granules, the common combination of α-amylase (AA) and glucoamylase (GA), namely AA→GA (common method as contrast), the combination of glycosyltransferase (GT) and GA, namely GT→GA, or the combination of sequential AA, GT and GA (AA→GT→GA) treatment was utilized. The results indicated that three types of enzyme treatments increased the pore size, pore volume, specific surface area and relative crystallinity of potato and sweet potato starches, resulting in a significant increment in adsorption capacities. Compared to GT→GA or AA→GA treatment, AA→GT→GA treatment had the most significant effect on the hydrolysis of starches since a lower amylose content, higher branched degree and more amount of short side chains of starches obtained using AA→GT treatment might increase the amount of GA active sites. So, GT→AA→GA treatment had the most significant absorption impact on oil, dye and heavy metal ions of starches. Compared to native starch, the adsorption capacity of GT/AA/GA-treated starches increased by about 7∼21 folds. Thus, a novel GT→AA→GA treatment may be a most effective method to prepare porous potato and sweet potato starches as desirable green adsorbents.

6.
Behav Brain Res ; : 112346, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722241

RESUMO

Hypotheses about the functional properties of the dentate gyrus and adult dentate neurogenesis have been shaped by early observations of the anatomy of this region, mostly in rodents. This has led to the development of a few core propositions that have guided research over the past several years, including the predicted role of this region in pattern separation and the local transformation of inputs from the entorhinal cortex. We now have the opportunity to review these predictions and update these anatomical observations based on recently developed techniques that reveal the complex structure, connectivity, and dynamic properties of distinct cell populations in the dentate gyrus at a higher resolution. Cumulative evidence suggests that the dentate gyrus and adult-born granule cells play a role in some forms of behavioral discriminations, but there are still many unanswered questions about how the dentate gyrus processes information to support the disambiguation of stimuli.

7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(11): 1223-8, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out the methodological quality evaluation and content analysis of the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture-moxibustion in China, and to provide reference for the development and updating of future guidelines. METHODS: With Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and EvaluationⅡ(AGREEⅡ), 20 evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion in China were evaluated from six aspects: scope and purpose, stakeholder involvement, rigour of development, clarity of presentation, applicability and editorial independence. In addition, the contents of 20 guidelines were systematically analyzed, and the characteristics of guidelines were summarized from the aspects of disease selection, operation technology type and safety. RESULTS: The scores of six domains were scope and purpose (91.1%), stakeholder involvement (68.5%), rigour of development (68.6%), clarity of presentation (90.3%), applicability (34.5%) and editorial independence (16.7%). The recommendations of the 20 acupuncture guidelines covered common clinical problems such as diagnosis, treatment and precautions, which were in line with the clinical characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion in terms of content structure. CONCLUSION: The methodology of the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion in China conformed to the requirements of AGREEⅡ on the quality evaluation, and the overall quality was moderate, but the aspects of applicability and editorial independence were still needed to be improved. The contents of recommendations in 20 guidelines were specific and clear, in line with the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion, presenting clinical reference value. In the future, in the process of guideline development, the method of developing acupuncture and moxibustion guidelines should be constantly improved to improve the quality of the guidelines; in the meantime, more attention should be paid to the generalization and clinical applicability evaluation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , China , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743714

RESUMO

Interferon-inducible transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) restrict infection by several viruses, such as influenza A virus, West Nile virus and dengue virus. It has not been determined whether porcine IFITM (pIFITM) inhibits infection by pseudorabies virus (PRV), an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus, which is the etiological agent of Aujeszky's disease in pigs. Here, we report that PRV infection elicited pIFITM1 expression in PK15 porcine kidney epithelial cells and 3D4/21 alveolar macrophages. pIFITM2 and pIFITM3 expression was only elevated in PK15 cells during PRV infection. Depletion of pIFITM1 using RNA interference, either in PK15 or in 3D4/21 cells, enhanced PRV infection while overexpression of pIFITM1 had the opposite effect. Knockdown of pIFITM2 and pIFITM3 did not influence PRV infection, suggesting that pIFITM2 and pIFITM3 are independent of PRV infection. PRV-induced pIFITM1 expression was dependent on the cGAS/STING/TBK1/IRF3 innate immune pathway and interferon-alpha receptor-1, suggesting that pIFITM1 is up-regulated by the type I interferon signaling pathway. The anti-PRV role of pIFITM1 was inhibited upon PRV entry. Our data demonstrate that pIFITM1 is a host restriction factor that inhibits PRV entry that may shed light on a strategy for prevention of PRV infection.

9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 362-367, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference of fertility of Biomphalaria glabrata snails between self-fertilization and cross-fertilization and to observe the circadian rhythm of laying eggs, the effect of light on laying eggs and the tolerance of the snail to water and food deficiency, so as to provide the evidence for control and elimination of B. glabrata snails in the field. METHODS: Under laboratory conditions, a single B. glabrata egg for self-fertilization was separated and hatched individually, and young snails were raised in different plastic boxes individually. The eggs for cross-fertilization were hatched and the young snails were fed in the same plastic box. The ability of spawn, the development of the eggs, and the number of snails growing from young to adult snails were compared between the self-fertilization and cross-fertilization. The snails were in the water under four environments, all day illumination, all day without illumination, daytime lighting and night without illumination, and daytime without illumination but night lighting. The eggs were collected and counted daily. The circadian rhythm of spawn and the effect of illumination on spawn were observed. The adult snails were divided into 6 groups and exposed to the environments with relative humidity of 0, 65%, 87% and 100%, respectively. The survival rates of the adult snails exposed to the different environments after different time were observed. The adult snails were placed at 25 °C in the oven to remove water content from the soft body of snails. When the dehydration rates of the soft bodies achieved 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 52%, 55%, 57%, 60%, and 70% respectively, the survival rates of the adult snails exposed to the oven were observed. RESULTS: In the 25 °C water, the average laying egg number for 15 days per snail was (8.77 ± 16.92) eggs/snail in the self-fertilization snail. The average laying egg number for 15 days per snail was (149.71 ± 142.28) eggs/snail in the cross-fertilization snails. There was a significant difference between the self-fertilization snail and cross-fertilization snail (t = 0.999 999, P < 0.01). The hatching rate and reproductive maturation rate of the self-fertilization snails and cross-fertilization snails were 50.1% and 78.9%, and 19.3% and 3.8%, respectively, There was a significant difference (the hatching rate: χ2 = 18.18, P < 0.01, the reproductive maturation rate: χ2 = 11.83, P < 0.01) . In the natural environment of daytime with illumination and nighttime with darkness, the amount of laying 20 eggs of B. glabrata snail was (944.07 ± 392.53) eggs/day during a whole day, among them the amount of laying eggs during daytime account for 10.1% and the amount of laying eggs during nighttime account for 89.9%, and the laying egg was given priority to with the night. The above results suggested that the dark environment was conducive to B. glabrata snails to lay eggs. The above results suggested that light can promote the increase of spawning of B. glabrata. When B. glabrata was exposed to the environments with the relative humidity of 0, 65%, 87% and 100% at 25 °C, respectively, and the longest survival times of snails were 7, 70, 150 d and 100 d, respectively. In the 25 °C water, the snails could survive for 50 days without food. The adult snails were placed at 25 °C in the oven to remove water content from the soft body of snails. When the dehydration rates of the soft bodies achieved 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 52%, 55%, 57%, 60%, and 70% respectively, the survival rates of the adult snails exposed to the oven were 100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, 70%, 30%, 0, 0, 0 and 0, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: B. glabrata can achieve the reproductive process by cross-fertilization or self-fertilization. There is a significant difference in reproductive ability between the cross-fertilization snail and self-fertilization snail, cross-fertilization is stronger than self-fertilization, but the rate of reproduction in the self-fertilization is higher than that in the cross-fertilization. It is indicated that B. glabrata that survive after the dry season plays an important role in the maintenance of local snail populations and transmission of schistosomiasis mansoni.


Assuntos
Biomphalaria , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Schistosoma mansoni , Animais , Biomphalaria/parasitologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/fisiologia , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida/fisiologia , Reprodução , Schistosoma mansoni/fisiologia , Esquistossomose mansoni/transmissão , Estações do Ano
10.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611650

RESUMO

Although PD-L1/PD-1 blockade therapy has been approved to treat many types of cancers, the majority of patients with solid tumors do not respond well, but the underlying reason remains unclear. Here, we studied ovarian cancer (OvCa), a tumor type generally resistant to current immunotherapies, to investigate PD-1-independent immunosuppression. We found that PD-L1 was not highly expressed in the tumor microenvironment (TME) of human OvCa. Instead, B7-H3, another checkpoint molecule, was highly expressed by both tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating antigen-presenting cells (APCs), which correlated with T-cell exhaustion in patients. Using ID8 OvCa mouse models, we found that B7-H3 expressed on tumor cells, but not host cells, had a dominant role in suppressing antitumor immunity. Therapeutically, B7-H3 blockade, but not PD-1 blockade, prolonged the survival of ID8 tumor-bearing mice. Collectively, our results demonstrate that tumor-expressed B7-H3 inhibits the function of CD8+ T cells and suggest that B7-H3 may be a target in patients who are not responsive to PD-L1/PD-1 inhibition, particularly OvCa patients.

11.
World J Pediatr ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric rheumatology. We aimed to further understand the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of MAS in China. METHODS: A multi-center cohort study was performed in seven hospitals in China from 2012 to 2018. Eighty patients with MAS were enrolled, including 53 cases with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA-MAS), 10 cases of Kawasaki disease (KD-MAS), and 17 cases of connective tissue disease (CTD-MAS). The clinical and laboratory data were collected before (pre-), at onset, and during full-blown stages of MAS. We compared the data among the SJIA-MAS, KD-MAS, and CTD-MAS subjects. RESULTS: 51.2% of patients developed MAS when the underlying disease was first diagnosed. In patients with SJIA, 22.6% (12/53) were found to have hypotension before the onset of SJIA-MAS. These patients were also found to have significantly increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), as well as decreased albumin (P < 0.05), but no difference in alanine aminotransferase, ferritin, and ratio of ferritin/erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) at onset of MAS when compared to pre-MAS stages of the disease. In addition, ferritin and ratio of ferritin/ESR were significantly elevated in patients at full-blown stages of SJIA-MAS compared to pre-MAS stage. Significantly increased ferritin and ratio of ferritin/ESR were also observed in patients with SJIA compared to in KD and CTD. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed that 12,217.5 µg/L of ferritin and 267.5 of ferritin/ESR ratio had sensitivity (80.0% and 90.5%) and specificity (88.2% and 86.7%), respectively, for predicting full-blown SJIA-MAS. The majority of the patients received corticosteroids (79/80), while biologic agents were used in 12.5% (10/80) of cases. Tocilizumab was the most commonly selected biologic agent. The overall mortality rate was 7.5%. CONCLUSIONS: About half of MAS occurred when the underlying autoimmune diseases (SJIA, KD, and CTD) were first diagnosed. Hypotension could be an important manifestation before MAS diagnosis. Decreased albumin and increased AST, LDH, ferritin, and ratio of ferritin/ESR could predict the onset or full blown of MAS in patient with SJIA.

12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572400

RESUMO

Platelets are anucleate cells produced by megakaryocytes. In recent years, a robust body of literature supports the evolving role of platelets as key sentinel and effector cells in infectious diseases, especially critical in bridging hemostatic, inflammatory, and immune continuums. Upon intravascular pathogen invasion, platelets can directly sense viral, parasitic, and bacterial infections through pattern recognition receptors and integrin receptors or pathogen: immunoglobulin complexes through Fc and complement receptors-although our understanding of these interactions remains incomplete. Constantly scanning for areas of injury or inflammation as they circulate in the vasculature, platelets also indirectly respond to pathogen invasion through interactions with leukocytes and the endothelium. Following antigen recognition, platelets often become activated. Through a diverse repertoire of mechanisms, activated platelets can directly sequester or kill pathogens, or facilitate pathogen clearance by activating macrophages and neutrophils, promoting neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation, forming platelet aggregates and microthrombi. At times, however, platelet activation may also be injurious to the host, exacerbating inflammation and promoting endothelial damage and thrombosis. There are many gaps in our understandings of the role of platelets in infectious diseases. However, with the emergence of advanced technologies, our knowledge is increasing. In the current review, we mainly discuss these evolving roles of platelets under four different infectious pathogen infections, of which are dengue, malaria, Esterichia coli (E. coli) and staphylococcus aureus S. aureus, highlighting the complex interplay of these processes with hemostatic and thrombotic pathways.

13.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 934-943, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600596

RESUMO

Really Interesting New Gene (RING) finger proteins are highly conserved molecules that participate in a variety of biological processes such as regulation of development, apoptosis and antiviral immunity in vertebrates. However, the functions of RING finger proteins are still poorly understood in crustaceans. Previously, we found that the transcript of a homolog of RING finger protein 152 (CqRNF152-like) was up-regulated in a differentially expressed transcriptome library of the haematopietic tissue (Hpt) cells from red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus upon white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection, which is one of the most devastating viral diseases for crustaceans like shrimp and crayfish. The full-length cDNA sequence of CqRNF152-like was then identified with 975 bp, including an ORF of 685 bp that encoded a 195 amino acids protein, a 5'- UTR of 180 bp, and a 3'-UTR with a poly (A) tail of 207 bp. The conserved domain prediction showed that CqRNF152-like contained a conserved RING-finger domain. Gene expression analysis showed that CqRNF152-like was distributed in all tissues examined and the transcript is significantly up-regulated after WSSV challenge both in vivo in Hpt tissue and in vitro in cultured Hpt cells. Furthermore, the transcripts of both an immediate early gene ie1 and a late envelope protein gene vp28 of WSSV were clearly increased in the Hpt tissues, hemocytes and cultured Hpt cells after gene silencing of CqRNF152-like, which were further proved to be significantly decreased after overloading of recombinant CqRNF152-like protein in Hpt cell cultures. Meanwhile, CqRNF152-like was found to bind with WSSV envelope protein VP28 by proteins pull-down assay. Similar to most of RNF proteins, CqRNF152-like protein sequence contained a conserved RING-finger domain and showed self-ubiquitination activity in a RING finger domain dependent manner. Taken together, CqRNF152-like is likely to function as an antiviral molecular against WSSV infection through interaction with the envelope protein VP28 in a crustacean C. quadricarinatus. This is the first report that a RING finger protein with directly antiviral functions via interaction with viral protein and self-ubiquitination activity in crustacean, which sheds new light on the molecular mechanism of WSSV infection and the control of white spot disease.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3749-3757, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602949

RESUMO

Based on UPLC specific chromatogram and determination of seven main components,this study aimed at evaluating the quality of Cistanche deserticola,C. tubulosa and C. sinensis. Echinacoside,cistanoside A,verbascoside,tubuloside A,isoacteoside,2'-acetylacteoside,tubuloside B were used as reference substances. UPLC analysis was performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 8 µm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-0. 08% trifluoroacetic acid solution. The flow rate was0. 3 mL·min-1,and the injection amount was 10 µL. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and the detection wavelength was 330 nm.The UPLC specific chromatograms were processed with ChemPattern software. UPLC specific chromatograms of C. deserticola and C.tubulosa from different samples were of high similarity,but the similarities of their counterfeit C. sinensis were less than 0. 06. Both of cluster and principal component analysis can distinguish certified products and counterfeits. The content ratios of echinacoside/verbascoside and verbascoside/isoacteoside were quite different between C. deserticola and C. tubulosa,which had distinct significance.The UPLC specific chromatogram and contents of seven main components can provide a basis for quality evaluation of Cistanches Herba.


Assuntos
Cistanche/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cistanche/classificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Análise de Componente Principal
15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3426-3434, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621229

RESUMO

To optimize the effects of nitrate (NO3--N) to ammonium (NH4+-N) ratios on water consumption characteristics, grain yield and water use efficiency (WUE) of maize under full film mulching on double ridges, a field experiment was conducted at semi-arid Loess Plateau of Gansu Province, China during 2015 to 2017 cropping seasons. The treatments with different ratios of NO3--N to NH4+-N included: N1 (1:0), N2 (1:1), N3 (1:3) and N4 (3:1). The results showed that different NO3--N/NH4+-N ratios had significant impacts on soil water storage in 0-200 cm soil layer. Treatment N3 had the lowest soil water storage. Treatment N4 significantly increased total water consumption by 2.9%, 1.9% and 0.9% in 2015, and 2.3%, 1.4%, and 2.2% in 2017, compared with N1, N2 and N3 treatments, respectively. Compared with the other treatments, treatment N4 increased grain yield by 3.3%-9.9%, 3.5%-24.2% and 8.3%-36.1% and improved WUE by 1.6%-6.8%, 4.9%-21.8%, and 6.6%-32.9% in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively. Treatment N4 had the highest partial productivity of nitrogen fertilizer, followed by N2, N3 and N1, respectively. We recommended treatment N4 as the best nitrate and ammonium ratio to improve water use efficiency, N partial productivity, and grain yield of maize in arid and semi-arid Loess Plateau.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Zea mays , Agricultura , China , Ingestão de Líquidos , Solo , Água
16.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 30(10): 118, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628540

RESUMO

The use of a pedicle screw fixation system with rods made of more compliant materials has become increasingly popular for spine fusion surgery in recent years. The aim of this study was to compare stress responses of the implants in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) when using flexible and conventional rigid posterior fixation systems. A previously validated intact L1-S1 finite element model was modified to simulate single-level (L4-L5) TLIF with bilateral pedicle screw fixation using two types of connecting rod (rigid and flexible rods). The von Mises stresses in the implants (including TLIF cage, pedicle screws and rods) for the rigid and flexible fixations were analyzed under static and vibration loadings. The results showed that compared with the rigid fixation, the use of flexible fixation decreased the maximum stress in the pedicle screws, but increased the maximum stress in the cage and the ratio of maximum stress in the rods to the yield stress. It was also found that with decreasing diameter of the flexible rod (i.e. increasing flexibility of the rod), the maximum stress was decreased in the pedicle screws but increased in the cage and the rods. The findings imply that compared with the rigid rod, application of the flexible rod in the pedicle screw fixation system for the TLIF might decrease the breakage risk of pedicle screws but increase the risk of cage subsidence and rod breakage. Moreover, flexibility of the rod in the flexible fixation system should be carefully determined.

17.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(6): 4915-4924, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661128

RESUMO

Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), a carrier protein encoded by solute carrier family 10 member 1 (SLC10A1), is expressed in the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes, where it is responsible for the uptake of bile acids from plasma into hepatocytes. The first patient with NTCP deficiency was described in 2015. A limited number of such patients have been reported in the literature and their genotypic and phenotypic features require further investigation. The current study investigated 4 patients with NTCP deficiency from two unrelated families. The patients were subjected to SLC10A1 genetic analysis and it was revealed that all patients were compound heterozygous for the c.800C>T (p.Ser267Phe) and c.595A>C (p.Ser199Arg) SLC10A1 variants. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the latter variant had not been previously reported. Further analysis in 50 healthy individuals did not identify carriers. The c.595A>C (p.Ser199Arg) variant exhibited co­segregation with hypercholanemia and exhibited a relatively conserved amino acid when compared with homologous peptides. Moreover, SWISS­MODEL prediction revealed that the mutation affected the conformation of the NTCP molecule. The 4 patients demonstrated varying degrees of hypercholanemia while a downward trend in the plasma levels of total bile acids (TBA) in 2 pediatric patients and occasionally normal TBA level in an adult case were observed. The results indicated an autosomal recessive trait for NTCP deficiency, supported the primary role of NTCP in the uptake of bile acids from plasma and suggested that hepatic uptake of bile acids may occur by means other than NTCP uptake. Moreover, the novel missense variant c.595A>C(p.Ser199Arg) enriched the SLC10A1 mutation spectrum and may serve as a new genetic marker for the molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling of NTCP deficiency.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17335, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that microRNA-32 (miRNA-32) is an exosome microRNA that affects the proliferation and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. In this study, our goal was to assess the expression of plasma microRNA-32 and its potential as a biomarker to predict the tumor response and survival of patients with NSCLC undergoing platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Plasma microRNA-32 levels before and after 1 cycle of platinum-based chemotherapy in 43 patients with NSCLC were measured using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay (qPCR). In addition, the demographic and survival data of the patients were collected for analysis. RESULTS: A significant correlation was observed between the changes in microRNA-32 levels before and after 1 chemotherapy cycle and the treatment response (P = .035). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the level of microRNA-32 after 1 chemotherapy cycle was significantly correlated with the prognosis of patients. The median progression-free survival (P = .025) and overall survival (P = .015) of patients with high microRNA-32 levels (≥7.73) after 1 chemotherapy cycle was 9 and 21 months, respectively. In contrast, the median survival of patients with low microRNA-32 levels (<7.73) was 5 and 10 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The plasma levels of microRNA-32 correlated with the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy and survival, indicating that microRNA-32 may be useful for predicting the effectiveness of platinum-based chemotherapy and prognosis in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence about whether remnant cholesterol (RC), especially non-fasting RC, is a causal risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) in Chinese subjects is rare. Recently, estimated RC level (RCe) was applied in many studies with large population. We aimed to compare fasting and non-fasting RCe calculated by LDL-C level determined by different methods in Chinese subjects, and investigate their contributions to CHD. METHODS: Levels of TC, TG and HDL-C were measured directly in 273 CHD patients (CHD group) and 136 controls (CON group) before and at 4 h after a daily breakfast. LDL-C level was measured directly or calculated by Friedewald equation at TG < 4.5 mmol/L. RC level estimated by calculated or measured LDL-C was termed as RCe1 or RCe2. Contributions of different RC levels to CHD were evaluated by multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Both RCe1 and RCe2 increased significantly at 4 h after breakfast (both p < 0.05). RCe1 was significantly higher than RCe2 in fasting or non-fasting state (p < 0.05). RCe1 was closely related to RCe2, especially in the highest quartile of RCe1 (p < 0.05). Non-fasting RCe1 or RCe2 and fasting RCe2 independently predicted CHD after adjustment for traditional risk factors (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although RCe1 was significantly higher than RCe2, non-fasting RCe, no matter RCe1 or RCe2, after a daily breakfast was an independent predictor for CHD risk in Chinese subjects, indicating that the non-fasting state is critical in the development of atherosclerosis.

20.
Org Lett ; 21(21): 8577-8581, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613107

RESUMO

The known benzonaphthyridine alkaloid, albogrisin A (1), and six new compounds, including two pyrazinone stereoisomers, albogrisin B (2)/B' (2'), together with four 4H-pyrroloquinolinones, two diastereoisomers, albogrisin C (3)/C' (3'), and their methyl esters, albogrisin D (4)/D' (4'), were isolated from mangrove-derived Streptomyces albogriseolus MGR072. 2 and 2' are converted into 1 in acidic aqueous solution but into 3/3' and 4/4' in 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid acetonitrile. 4 and 4' are new indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 inhibitors.

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