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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 581(Pt A): 177-184, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771729

RESUMO

Shaping metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) powders into formed bodies plays a crucial role in opening up the excellent properties of MOFs to a broad range of applications. Gallate-based MOFs, termed as M-gallate (M = Co, Mg, Ni), have shown excellent performance for adsorption separation of C2 hydrocarbons. However, the industrial applications of MOF powders will inevitably confront problems of high pressure drop, pipe blockage, and dust pollution. Herein, we use hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a binder to produce gallate-based MOFs pellets. The crystal structure of the well-shaped materials after molding remained intact, and the surface area of the materials hardly decreases after shaping. Adsorption isotherms of C2 hydrocarbons including ethylene, ethane and acetylene on the activated powders and pellets of M-gallate were recorded and compared with the outperformers. The shaped pellets were also examined by breakthrough experiments on the fixed-bed separation of C2H2/C2H4 (1:99, v/v) and C2H4/C2H6 (50:50, v/v) gas mixtures. These results proved that M-gallate pellets was promising candidates for the practical industrial realization of C2 hydrocarbons separation.

2.
Gigascience ; 9(9)2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Analyses that use genome assemblies are critically affected by the contiguity, completeness, and accuracy of those assemblies. In recent years single-molecule sequencing techniques generating long-read information have become available and enabled substantial improvement in contig length and genome completeness, especially for large genomes (>100 Mb), although bioinformatic tools for these applications are still limited. FINDINGS: We developed a software tool to close sequence gaps in genome assemblies, TGS-GapCloser, that uses low-depth (∼10×) long single-molecule reads. The algorithm extracts reads that bridge gap regions between 2 contigs within a scaffold, error corrects only the candidate reads, and assigns the best sequence data to each gap. As a demonstration, we used TGS-GapCloser to improve the scaftig NG50 value of 3 human genome assemblies by 24-fold on average with only ∼10× coverage of Oxford Nanopore or Pacific Biosciences reads, covering with sequence data up to 94.8% gaps with 97.7% positive predictive value. These improved assemblies achieve 99.998% (Q46) single-base accuracy with final inserted sequences having 99.97% (Q35) accuracy, despite the high raw error rate of single-molecule reads, enabling high-quality downstream analyses, including up to a 31-fold increase in the scaftig NGA50 and up to 13.1% more complete BUSCO genes. Additionally, we show that even in ultra-large genome assemblies, such as the ginkgo (∼12 Gb), TGS-GapCloser can cover 71.6% of gaps with sequence data. CONCLUSIONS: TGS-GapCloser can close gaps in large genome assemblies using raw long reads quickly and cost-effectively. The final assemblies generated by TGS-GapCloser have improved contiguity and completeness while maintaining high accuracy. The software is available at https://github.com/BGI-Qingdao/TGS-GapCloser.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 258: 112814, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251760

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ganoderma lucidum Polysaccharide (GLP),traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) active ingredient, has a long history and has good curative effects on radiation injury. However, the mechanism of GLP treating radiation injury has not been clearly elucidated. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed to investigate the preventive effects of GLP on mice with radiation injury and to explore its mechanisms by serum metabolomics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty mice were randomly divided into three groups,and namely 10 per group. The normal control group and the radiation model with normal saline and GLP group with GLP treatment (96 mg·kg-1) for 14 days. 2 h after 7th day after the intragastric administration, the model group and GLP group were subjected to whole body irradiation by X-rays except the normal control group. The peripheral blood WBC, RBC, HGB, PLT indicators.UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique was used to analyze the serum of normal group, model group and GLP group, and to explore its potential key biomarkers and corresponding related metabolic pathways. RESULTS: The number of peripheral blood leukocytes (WBC) in the radiation model group was lower than that in the GLP group and the number of platelets (PLT) in the GLP group was significantly higher than that in the model group.Combined with the methods of principal component analysis (PCA), projection to latent structure-discrimination analysis (PLS-DA), three group were clearly distinguished from each other and 18 metabolites were identified as the potential biomarkers in the GLP treated mice. The identified biomarkers indicated that there were perturbations of the taurine and hypotaurine metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism. CONCLUSION: GLP can play a role in radiation protection by improving the expression of related potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways in serum of radiation-induced mice.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188243

RESUMO

The simultaneous capture of trace propyne and propadiene from propylene is one of the important but energy demanding industrial processes because of their similar physicochemical properties as well as the ultralow concentration in the mixtures. Herein, a highly stable Ca-based MOF, constructed from an inexpensive precursor (CaCO3) and rigid squaric acid, is capable of preferentially capturing trace propyne and propadiene with record-high uptake capacities of 2.44 and 2.64 mmol/g at pressures as low as 5 mbar, respectively. Direct multicomponent breakthrough experiments confirm that Ca-based MOF exhibits an excellent performance for simultaneous removal of trace propyne and propadiene from propylene. DFT simulation and in situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction of propadiene- and propyne-adsorbed Ca-based MOFs reveal that the strong affinity of the framework toward two species is ascribed to the multiple types of cooperative binding including π-π stacking and C-H···O interactions. The calcium squarate framework sets a new benchmark for adsorptive purification of propylene, showing great potential in the practical application.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009387

RESUMO

The separation of mixed C4 olefins is a highly energy-intensive operation in the chemical industry due to the close boiling points of the unsaturated C4 isomers. In particular, the separation of trans/cis-2-butene is among the most challenging separation processes for geometric isomers and is of prime importance to increase the added value of C4 olefins. In this work, we report a series of isostructural gallate-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely, M-gallate (M = Ni, Mg, Co), featuring oval-shaped pores, that are ideally suitable for shape-selective separation of trans/cis-2-butene through their differentiation in minimum molecular cross-section size. Significantly, Mg-gallate displays a record high trans/cis-2-butene uptake selectivity of 3.19 at 298 K, 1.0 bar in single-component adsorption isotherms. These gallate-based MOFs not only exhibit the highest selectivity for trans/cis-2-butene separation but also accomplish a highly efficient separation of 1,3-butadiene, 1-butene, and iso-butene. DFT-D study shows that Mg-gallate interacts strongly with trans-2-butene and 1,3-butadiene along with short distances of C···H-O cooperative supramolecular interaction of 2.57-2.83 and 2.45-2.79 Å, respectively. In breakthrough experiments, Mg-gallate not only displays prominent separation performance for trans/cis-2-butene but also realizes the clean separation of a ternary mixture of 1,3-butadiene/1-butene/iso-butene and a binary mixture of 1-butene/iso-butene. This work indicates that M-gallate are industrially promising materials for adsorption separation of geometric isomers of C4 hydrocarbons.

6.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125010, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605993

RESUMO

In this study, electrochemical oxidation of Acid Orange 7 (AO 7) azo dye has been investigated using a Fe-doped PbO2 electrode. The degradation of AO 7 followed pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. The removals of AO 7, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) were 87.15%, 49.88% and 44.94% after 60 min of electrolysis at the optimal conditions (Na2SO4 concentration 0.1 M, initial pH 5, initial AO 7 concentration 100 mg L-1 and applied current density 20 mA cm-2), respectively. And the corresponding degradation rate constant was 0.035 min-1. The intermediates formed during electrochemical process were identified, and a possible degradation pathway was proposed, which was initiated by the oxidation of azo bond (-NN-), hydroxylation and substitution reaction of -NH2 and -SO3H under the attack of OH, and ended with the formation of mineralization products such as NH4+, NO3-, SO42-, CO2 and H2O. The toxicity of treated AO 7 solution towards Vibrio fischeri increased slightly at first and then rapidly reduced to non-toxicity with prolonging time. The results indicate that electrochemical oxidation of AO 7 using Fe-doped PbO2 electrode is a promising way.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/química , Benzenossulfonatos/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrólise/métodos , Chumbo/química , Óxidos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Eletrodos , Eletrólise/normas , Cinética , Oxirredução , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Chemistry ; 25(68): 15516-15524, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469453

RESUMO

The separation of acetylene from ethylene is of paramount importance in the purification of chemical feedstocks for industrial manufacturing. Herein, an isostructural series of gallate-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), M-gallate (M=Ni, Mg, Co), featuring three-dimensionally interconnected zigzag channels, the aperture size of which can be finely tuned within 0.3 Šby metal replacement. Controlling the aperture size of M-gallate materials slightly from 3.69 down to 3.47 Šcould result in a dramatic enhancement of C2 H2 /C2 H4 separation performance. As the smallest radius among the studied metal ions, Ni-gallate exhibits the best C2 H2 /C2 H4 adsorption separation performance owing to the strongest confinement effect, ranking after the state-of-the-art UTSA-200a with a C2 H4 productivity of 85.6 mol L-1 from 1:99 C2 H2 /C2 H4 mixture. The isostructural gallate-based MOFs, readily synthesized from inexpensive gallic acid, are demonstrated to be a new top-performing porous material for highly efficient adsorption of C2 H2 from C2 H4 .

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 28197-28204, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310714

RESUMO

The pore size of adsorbents plays a vital role in determining the overall separation performance of gas separation and purification by adsorption. In this work, the pore apertures of the coordination pillared layer (CPL) was systematically controlled by adjusting the length of pillared ligands. We used pyrazine, 4,4'-bipyridine, and 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)-ethylene with increased length to synthesize CPL-1 (L = pyrazine), CPL-2 (L = 4,4'-bipyridine), and CPL-5 [L = 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)-ethylene], respectively. The aperture size of these CPLs varies from 4 to 11 Å: CPL-1 (4 × 6 Å2), CPL-2 (9 × 6 Å2), and CPL-5 (11 × 6 Å2). Among the three frameworks, CPL-2 exhibits the highest C2H2 uptake at ambient conditions as it has moderate pore size and porosity. However, CPL-1 has the best separation performance in the breakthrough experiments with binary gas mixture of C2H2/C2H4, thanks to the optimal pore size nearly excluding C2H4, which is only observed in the state-of-the-art UTSA-300a so far. The DFT calculations were carried out to elucidate the specific adsorption sites for both acetylene and ethylene among these frameworks. The modeling results suggest that binding strength is highly related to aperture size and that CPL-1 shows the highest adsorption selectivity owing to the optimal pore size. This work demonstrates that engineering pore size enables us to fabricate the highly efficient metal-organic framework (MOF)-based adsorbents for specific gas separation on the basis of the isoreticular chemistry.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(23): 9358-9364, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091084

RESUMO

The efficient separation of xenon (Xe) and krypton (Kr) is one of the industrially important processes. While adsorptive separation of these two species is considered to be an energy efficient process, developing highly selective adsorbent remains challenging. Herein, a rigid squarate-based metal-organic framework (MOF), having a perfect pore size (4.1 Å × 4.3 Å) comparable with the kinetic diameter of Xe (4.047 Å) as well as pore surface decorated with very polar hydroxyl groups, is able to effectively discriminate Xe atoms, affording a record-high Xe/Kr selectivity. An exceptionally high Xe uptake capacity of 58.4 cm3/cm3 and selectivity of 60.6 at low pressure (0.2 bar) are achieved at ambient temperature. The MOF exhibits the highest Xe Henry coefficient (192.1 mmol/g/bar) and Xe/Kr Henry selectivity (54.1) among all state-of-the-art adsorbents reported so far. Direct breakthrough experiments further confirm the excellent separation performance. The density functional theory calculations reveal that the strong interaction between Xe and the framework is a result of the synergy between optimal pore size and polar porosity.

10.
Food Funct ; 10(3): 1707-1717, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30839970

RESUMO

Correlations between oxidative stress and degenerative diseases have been gaining increasing attention. A number of studies affirm that exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can alleviate oxidative stress and further prevent the related diseases. In our previous study, Lactobacillus helveticus KLDS1.8701 has been shown to possess high antioxidant capacity in vitro. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ameliorative effects of EPS produced by L. helveticus KLDS1.8701 on oxidative stress. Firstly, EPS was isolated from the culture of L. helveticus KLDS1.8701 and purified using DEAE-Sepharose Fast Flow chromatography. Secondly, the antioxidant capacities of EPS fractions were evaluated using in vitro methods. Thirdly, an in vivo study was performed to investigate the possible protective effects of EPS on d-galactose (d-gal)-induced liver damage and gut microbiota disorder. In vitro antioxidant activity results suggested that EPS-1 exhibited strong scavenging properties on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, and chelating activity on ferrous ion. In vivo, EPS-1 supplementation significantly attenuated oxidative status such as decreased organic index, liver injury and liver oxidative stress. EPS-1 supplementation shifted the gut microbiota composition to that of the control group. In addition, the analysis of Spearman's rank correlation suggested that the protective effects of EPS correlated with manipulating the gut microbiota composition in d-gal-induced mice. These results implied that EPS-1 supplementation could mitigate hepatic oxidative stress via manipulating the gut microbiota composition and be used as a potential candidate to attenuate oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus helveticus/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres , Radical Hidroxila , Ferro/química , Quelantes de Ferro , Lactobacillus helveticus/classificação , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Picratos , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Superóxidos
11.
J Biotechnol ; 217: 49-50, 2016 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26603119

RESUMO

Enterococcus durans KLDS6.0930 strain was originally isolated from traditional naturally fermented cream in Inner Mongolia of China. The complete genome sequence of E. durans KLDS6.0930 was carried out using the PacBio RSII platform. The genome contains a circular chromosome and two circular plasmids. Genome sequencing information provides the genetic basis for bioinformatics analysis of bile salt and acid tolerance, cell adhesion, and molecular mechanisms responsible for lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Sequência de Bases , Enterococcus/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Plasmídeos/genética , Probióticos
12.
Microb Biotechnol ; 9(6): 737-745, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26200795

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the probiotic properties of Enterococcus strains isolated from traditional naturally fermented cream in China. Four Enterococcus isolates showed high cholesterol removal ability in media were identified as Enterococcus durans (KLDS 6.0930 and 6.0933) and Enterococcus faecalis (KLDS 6.0934 and 6.0935) by 16S rRNA and pheS gene sequences, respectively, and selected for further evaluation. In order to assess the probiotic potential and safety of these strains, the property of four Enterococcus strains were examined, including acid and bile tolerance, adherence to Caco-2 cells and antibiotics susceptibility. All four strains showed potential cholesterol assimilation, de-conjugation of bile salts and/or cholesterol degradation to remove cholesterol in vitro. In addition, the potential effect of E. durans KLDS 6.0930 on serum cholesterol levels was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats. After 4 weeks administration, compared with rats fed a high-cholesterol diet without lactic acid bacteria supplementation, there was a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the serum of rats treated with KLDS 6.0930. Furthermore, total bile acid level in the feces was significantly (P < 0.05) increased after KLDS 6.0930 administration. These observations suggested that the strain E. durans KLDS 6.0930 may be used in the future as a good candidate for lowering human serum cholesterol levels.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Enterococcus/isolamento & purificação , Enterococcus/fisiologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/análise , Biotransformação , Células CACO-2 , Adesão Celular , China , Colesterol/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Enterococcus/classificação , Enterococcus/genética , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Fezes/química , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Soro/química
13.
J Sci Food Agric ; 95(7): 1514-20, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25082083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary mineral deficiency, hypertension and diabetes have become serious human health problems. Dietary approaches are increasingly being investigated to address these issues. Identification of food-derived biological peptides has become an important approach to control such diseases. Peptides generated from aquatic byproducts have been shown to possess biological activities. RESULTS: Significantly higher copper-chelating activity was observed on simulated hydrolysis of intact collagen. The collagen hydrolysate generated in the gastric stage exhibited moderate angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 2.92 ± 0.22 mg mL(-1), which significantly decreased to 0.49 ± 0.02 mg mL(-1) after intestinal digestion. The dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV-inhibitory potency of the collagen hydrolysate generated directly following simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID) (IC50 2.59 ± 0.04 mg mL(-1)) was significantly lower than that of the collagen tryptic hydrolysate (CTH) (IC50 1.53 ± 0.01 mg mL(-1)). The antioxidant activities of collagen and CTH using the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay were 0.87 ± 0.10 and 1.27 ± 0.03 µmol Trolox equivalent (TE) g(-1) respectively after SGID. CONCLUSION: This study identifies collagen as a good and inexpensive substrate for the generation of biologically active peptides with potential applications as functional ingredients in the management of chronic illness and mineral deficiency problems.


Assuntos
Colágeno/farmacologia , Proteínas na Dieta/farmacologia , Gadiformes , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Alimentos Marinhos , Pele/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/metabolismo , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Quelantes/metabolismo , Quelantes/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Digestão , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/metabolismo , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/farmacologia , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/farmacologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo
14.
Food Chem ; 173: 536-42, 2015 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25466056

RESUMO

Peptides with the ability to chelate dietary minerals have been reported to have potential as functional food ingredients. A collagen tryptic hydrolysate (CTH), previously shown to chelate iron, was further investigated for the presence of Ca, Fe and Cu chelating peptides. Sequential purification steps, including immobilised metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were employed for the separation of chelating peptides. GPC analysis showed that the mineral chelating peptides were mainly between 500 and 2000 Da. Subsequent identification was carried out using UPLC-ESI-QTOF MS/MS. Overall, 10 sequences were identified as potential chelating peptides. The Ca, Fe and Cu chelating activity of GPAGPHGPPG was 11.52±2.23 nmol/µmol, 1.71±0.17 nmol/µmol and 0.43±0.02 µmol/µmol, respectively. This study identifies collagen as a good source of peptides with potential applications as functional ingredients in the management of mineral deficiencies.


Assuntos
Quelantes/isolamento & purificação , Colágeno/química , Gadiformes/metabolismo , Minerais/metabolismo , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Pele/química , Alaska , Animais , Quelantes/química , Fracionamento Químico , Peptídeos/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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