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1.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116510, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265230

RESUMO

Both microplastic and biofilm are contamination sources in drinking water, but their integrated impacts on water quality have been rarely studied, especially in drinking water distribution pipes with complex hydraulic conditions. This study explored the impacts of hydraulic conditions (0-2 m/s) on microplastic biofilm (MP-BM) development, shear stresses distribution, and microbial community structures. The research was conducted for two weeks using a pilot test device to simulate practical water pipes. The following were the primary conclusions: (1) According to morphology analysis, clusters (>5 µm) significantly increased in the plastisphere when the flow velocity ranged from 0.55 m/s to 0.95 m/s, and average size of clusters decreased when the flow velocity ranged from 1.14 m/s to 1.40 m/s (2) Characteristics of MP-BM impact shear stress on both plastisphere and pipe wall biofilm. Shear stresses were positively correlated with flow velocity, number of MP-BM, and size of MP-BM, while negatively correlated with diameters of pipes. (3) 31 genera changed strictly and monotonously with the fluid velocity, accounting for 15.42%. Opportunistic pathogens in MP-BM such as Sediminibacterium, Curvibacter, and Flavobacterium were more sensitive to hydraulic conditions. Moreover, microplastics (<100 µm) deserve more attention to avoid human ingestion and to prevent mechanical damage and bio-chemical risks.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Microbiota , Humanos , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Biofilmes
2.
J Comput Chem ; 44(1): 15-26, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36169382

RESUMO

The hydrogen evolution effect of ZrS2 carrier loaded with transition metal single-atom (SA) was explored by first-principles method. ZrS2 was constructed with transition metal single-atom and dual-atom. The structure-activity relationship of supported single-atom catalysts was described by electronic properties and hydrogen evolution kinetics. The results show that the ZrS2 carrier-loaded atomic-level catalysts are more likely to occur in acidic environments, where the Mo SA load has a higher hydrogen precipitation capacity than the Pt SA. In the case of dual-atom adsorption, most of the hydrogen reduction processes are higher than that of single atom loading, which indicates that the outer orbital hybridization is more likely to lead to the interfacial charge recombination of the catalyst. Thereinto, Ni/Pt @ZrS2 has the lowest Gibbs free energy (0.08 eV), and the synergistic effect of transition metals induces the deviation of the center of the d-band from the Fermi level and improves the dissociation ability of H ions. The design provides a new catalytic model for the HER and provides some ideas for understanding the two-site catalysis.

3.
EClinicalMedicine ; 55: 101717, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386039

RESUMO

Background: Early detection and prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer (CRC) can significantly reduce CRC-related mortality. Recently, circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) methylation has shown good application foreground in the early detection and prognosis prediction of multiple tumours. Methods: This multicentre cohort study evaluated ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns based on archived plasma samples (collected between 2010 and 2018) from 1138 individuals at two medical centres: Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) and Southern Medical University Nanfang Hospital (Guangzhou, Guangdong, China), including 366 healthy individuals, 182 patients with advanced adenoma (AA), and 590 patients with CRC. Samples were processed using the ColonES assay, a targeted bisulfite sequencing method that detects ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns in 191 genomic regions. Among these 1138 samples, 748 were used to develop a classification model, and 390 served as a blinded cohort for independent validation. The study is registered at https://register.clinicaltrials.gov with the unique identifier NCT03737591. Results: The model obtained from unblinded samples discriminated patients with CRC or AA from normal controls with high accuracy. In the blinded validation set, the ColonES assay achieved sensitivity values of 79.0% (95% confidence interval (CI), 66%-88%) in AA patients and 86.6% (95% CI, 81%-91%) in CRC patients with a specificity of 88.1% (95% CI, 81%-93%) in healthy individuals. The model area under the curve (AUC) for the blinded validation set was 0.903 for AA samples and 0.937 for CRC samples. Additionally, the prognosis of patients with high preoperative ctDNA methylation levels was worse than that of patients with low ctDNA methylation levels (p = 0.001 for relapse-free survival and p = 0.004 for overall survival). Interpretation: We successfully developed and validated an accurate, noninvasive detection method based on ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns that may enable early detection and prognosis prediction for CRC. Funding: The Grant of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81871958), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82203215), Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (No. 19140902100), Scientific Research Fund of Fudan University (No.IDF159052), Shanghai Municipal Health Commission (SHWJRS 2021-99), and Shanghai Sailing Program (22YF1408800).

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 130: 106201, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327683

RESUMO

Thirteen new alkaloids (1-13) as well as ten known compounds were isolated from the solid-state fermented rice medium of the fungus Chaetomium nigricolor YT-2. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data, quantum calculations, and single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Chaetonigrisin A (1) represents an unprecedented carbon skeleton featuring a polycyclic 1H-pyrano[3,2:3,4-]​furo[2,​3-​b]​indole. Chaetonigrisin B (2) displays a unique carbon skeleton with a 1,3­dioxolane bridged-ring. Chaetonigrisin C (3) is a spirocyclic indole alkaloid. Chaetonigrisins D-H (4-8) are a group of asymmetric dimers, formed with two 3-indol-3yl-1,2-propanediol (4-6) or with a 3-indol-3yl-1,2-propanediol and a 3-indol-2yl-1,2-propanediol (7-8) by a pyran ring. Chaetonigrisins I-L (9-12) each contains a 3-indol-3yl-1,2-propanediol or 3-indol-2yl-1,2-propanediol substructure. Chaetonigrisin M (13) is a new quinoline alkaloid. The neuroprotective activity assay showed that at the concentration of 40 µM, compounds (4-7, 11, and 12) improved the cell viability of PC12 cells were 49.26 %, 74.69 %, 74.76 %, 86.63 %, 66.89 %, and 69.92 %, respectively induced by 6-OHDA, compound 7 showed significant neuroprotective activity via upregulation of SOD1 mRNA and Bcl-2 mRNA.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Chaetomium , Chaetomium/química , Propilenoglicol , Alcaloides Indólicos/química , Alcaloides/química , Carbono , RNA Mensageiro , Estrutura Molecular
5.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1006412, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337546

RESUMO

Based on a 12-year bibliographic record collected from the Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) database, the present study aims to provide a macroscopic overview of the knowledge domain in financial decision making (FDM). A scientometric and bibliometric analysis was conducted on the literature published in the field from 2010 to 2021, using the CiteSpace software. The analysis focuses on the co-occurring categories, the geographic distributions, the vital references, the distribution of topics, as well as the research fronts and emerging trends of financial related decision making. The steady increase of papers published year by year demonstrated the increasing interest on this topic at the international level. The scientometric analysis of the literature showed that financial decision, investment decision, and financing decision stood out of the crowd of the research on FDM, suggesting their important role in FDM and its research. The results of citation burst analysis predicted the focus of topics, i.e., the impact of individual differences such as financial literacy, gender and age on FDM in the coming years. Different from the traditional approach of literature review, this bibliometric analysis offers a scientometric approach to reveal the status quo and the development trend of FDM by macro and quantitative means. In addition, future research directions for the field are recommended.

6.
Front Surg ; 9: 984892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338638

RESUMO

Background: The goal of the current study was to explore the application of preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction (3DR) based on thin-slice magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the simultaneous guidance of en bloc tumor resection and adjacent perforator flap elevation. Methods: The prospective cohort included 35 patients diagnosed with either soft tissue sarcoma or squamous cell skin cancer between 2019 and 2021. The preoperative 3DR based on thin-slice MRI illustrated the spatial anatomical relationship among the tumor, underlying muscle, adjacent perforator vessels, and bone around the surgical region. The accuracy of preoperative imaging data was verified by intraoperative vessel dissection and postoperative pathological measurements. Results: Tumor size from 3DR data showed relatively high concordance rates with pathological measurements within the 95% limits of agreement. An average of three perforators (range: 1-7) with a mean diameter of 0.32 cm (range: 0.18-0.74 cm) from the 3DR were present in our study. The average distance between tumor boundary and perforator piercing sites on the 3DR was 2.2 cm (range: 1.2-7.7 cm). The average length of artery perforator coursing along the subcutaneous tissue was 5.8 cm (range: 3.3-25.1 cm). The mean flap harvest time was 55 mins (range: 36-97 min). The average flap size was 92.2 cm2 (range: 32-126 cm2). One perforator flap occurred distal partial necrosis. Conclusion: A thorough understanding of anatomical structures in the surgical region according to full-field 3DR based on thin-slice MRI can improve the performance of radical resection of the tumor and adjacent perforator flap transfer, especially for junior surgeons with a poor experience.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(31): 11658-11664, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma has a high incidence among gastrointestinal tumors, and it very rarely metastasizes to the penis. The literature reports that the prognosis after penile metastasis is generally poor, with a median survival of about 9 mo. Metachronous isolated metastasis to the penis originating from sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma has not been reported so far. Here, we report a case of sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma with isolated penile metastasis occurring 2 years after surgery. The mass was pathologically confirmed as metastatic adenocarcinoma, and oral chemotherapy with capecitabine was given after surgery. The tumor did not recur during the 2-year follow-up period. CASE SUMMARY: A 79-year-old man presented to the urology department with "a mass located at the root of the penis since 1 mo". Enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination suggested a 12 mm × 10 mm × 9 mm nodule at the root of the right penile corpus cavernosum. Cranial, pulmonary, and abdominal CT; and bone scan did not show any tumorigenic lesions. The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level was slightly elevated (6.01 ng/mL, reference value 0-5 ng/mL). The patient had undergone laparoscopic radical sigmoidectomy for sigmoid colon cancer 2 years ago. The postoperative pathology showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, and the stage was PT2N0M0. The penile mass was removed under general anesthesia. The postoperative pathology showed adenocarcinoma, and immunohistochemistry showed CDX2(+), CK20(+), and Villin(+). Based on the medical history, he was diagnosed with penile metastasis from sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma. The CEA level returned to normal (3.34 ng/mL) 4 d after surgery. Oral chemotherapy with capecitabine was given subsequently, and tumor recurrence was not found during the 2-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is a rare case of metachronous isolated penile metastasis from sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma. The penis is a potential site of metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma, and the possibility of metastasis should be considered in patients with a history of colon cancer who present with a penile mass. Solitary penile metastasis can be removed surgically, in combination with chemotherapy, and it may have good long-term outcomes.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419236

RESUMO

From spanning bulks to nanoclusters, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates of noble metals have frequently been explored for a long time. However, further downsizing nanoclusters to the atomic level, the surface plasmon resonance effect disappears, making the research on the SERS effect of atom-scale noble metal still lacking. Here, we discover a single-atom enhanced Raman scattering (SAERS) effect based on Au single atoms anchored on amorphous C3N4 nanosheets (Au1/ACNs). The Au1/ACN exhibits an excellent spectral stability and reproducibility, as the uniform dispersed Au single atoms avoid the agglomeration of Au atoms to generate nonuniformly dispersed "hotspots" that suffer from poor SERS stability and reproducibility. Even only ∼2.5% Au-coated area in the laser illuminated area can yield an enhancement factor of 2.5 × 104. The SAERS effect is attributed to the synergistic effect of Au single atoms anchored on amorphous C3N4, which increases the dipole moment and polarizability of molecules, enhancing the Raman signal of probe molecules. Furthermore, we propose a novel single-atom charge transfer mechanism that single-atom Au dominates higher electron delocalizability and higher electronic density of states near the HOMO level than the Au cluster. Our results will erect a new milepost for the application of single-atom materials in the field of enhanced Raman spectroscopy.

9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6549, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319657

RESUMO

The second near-infrared (NIR II) response photon up-conversion (UC) materials show great application prospects in the fields of biology and optical communication. However, it is still an enormous challenge to obtain efficient NIR II response materials. Herein, we develop a series of Er3+ doped ternary sulfides phosphors with highly efficient UC emissions under 1532 nm irradiation. ß-NaYS2:Er3+ achieves a visible UC efficiency as high as 2.6%, along with high brightness, spectral stability of lights illumination and temperature. Such efficient UC is dominated by excited state absorption, accompanied by the advantage of long lifetimes (4I9/2, 9.24 ms; 4I13/2, 30.27 ms) of excited state levels of Er3+, instead of the well-recognized energy transfer UC between sensitizer and activator. NaYS2:Er3+ phosphors are further developed for high-performance underwater communication and narrowband NIR photodetectors. Our findings suggest a novel approach for developing NIR II response UC materials, and simulate new applications, eg., simultaneous NIR and visible optical communication.


Assuntos
Transferência de Energia , Temperatura
10.
Phys Life Rev ; 43: 239-270, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343569

RESUMO

Climate change has become increasingly severe, threatening ecosystem stability and, in particular, biodiversity. As a typical indicator of ecosystem evolution, vegetation growth is inevitably affected by climate change, and therefore has a great potential to provide valuable information for addressing such ecosystem problems. However, the impacts of climate change on vegetation growth, especially the spatial and temporal distribution of vegetation, are still lacking of comprehensive exposition. To this end, this review systematically reveals the influences of climate change on vegetation dynamics in both time and space by dynamical modeling the interactions of meteorological elements and vegetation growth. Moreover, we characterize the long-term evolution trend of vegetation growth under climate change in some typical regions based on data analysis. This work is expected to lay a necessary foundation for systematically revealing the coupling effect of climate change on the ecosystem.

12.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 13(22): 3198-3209, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331871

RESUMO

Memory impairment and emotional disorder are two common clinical comorbidities in patients with epilepsy. It is imperative to develop a novel therapeutic agent or a strategy. 6-Chloro-7,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-1-(3-methylphenyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine (SKF83959) is a dopamine-1 receptor agonist and sigma-1 receptor allosteric modulator, which displays the neuron-protective and anti-neuroinflammation activity. We examined the effect of SKF83959 on the memory impairment and emotional disorder in the latent period of epilepsy using the mice post-status epilepticus model. We found that SKF83959 ameliorated memory impairment and depressive-like mood, alleviated the neuron damage and the formation of gliosis in hippocampus, suppressed the rise of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß, and induced nitric oxide synthase in the latent period of epilepsy. Additionally, SKF83959 significantly inhibited the activity of calcineurin and glycogen synthase kinase-3ß. All of these protective actions were reversed by BD1047 (a sigma-1 receptor antagonist). In addition, the intra-hippocampus injection of ketoconazole (a dehydroepiandrosterone synthesis inhibitor) also reversed the protective activity of SKF83959. Thus, we concluded that SKF83959 ameliorated the memory impairment and depressive-like mood in epilepsy via allosterically activating the sigma-1 receptor and subsequently inhibiting the calcineurin/glycogen synthase kinase-3ß pathway.


Assuntos
Calcineurina , Epilepsia , Ratos , Animais , Camundongos , Regulação Alostérica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Agonistas de Dopamina/farmacologia , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Quinases da Glicogênio Sintase
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1002142, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386201

RESUMO

Sunitinib is a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with remarkable anticancer activity, while hepatotoxicity is a potentially fatal adverse effect of its administration. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of hepatotoxicity induced by Sunitinib and the protective effect of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA). Sunitinib significantly reduced the survival of human normal hepatocytes (L02 cells), induced the increase of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Chloroquine (CQ) and Z-VAD-FMK were applied to clarify the cell death patterns induced by Sunitinib. Sunitinib significantly induced L02 cells death by triggering apoptosis and autophagy acted as a self-defense mechanism to promote survival. Sunitinib exposure caused excessive ROS generation which activated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signaling. Mechanistically, SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) and SB203580 (p38 inhibitor) respectively blocked apoptosis and autophagy induced by Sunitinib. And inhibition of ROS by NAC pretreatment ameliorated the effect of Sunitinib on MAPKs phosphorylation. GA alleviated Sunitinib-induced cell damage by inhibiting apoptosis and autophagy. These results suggested ROS/MAPKs signaling pathway was responsible for Sunitinib-induced hepatotoxicity and GA could be a preventive strategy to alleviate liver injury caused by Sunitinib.

14.
JMIR Med Inform ; 10(11): e40039, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the costs of machine learning implementation, a systematic approach to prioritizing which models to implement into clinical practice may be valuable. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the health care attributes respondents at 2 pediatric institutions rate as important when prioritizing machine learning model implementation. The secondary objective was to describe their perspectives on implementation using a qualitative approach. METHODS: In this mixed methods study, we distributed a survey to health system leaders, physicians, and data scientists at 2 pediatric institutions. We asked respondents to rank the following 5 attributes in terms of implementation usefulness: the clinical problem was common, the clinical problem caused substantial morbidity and mortality, risk stratification led to different actions that could reasonably improve patient outcomes, reducing physician workload, and saving money. Important attributes were those ranked as first or second most important. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted with a subsample of respondents. RESULTS: Among 613 eligible respondents, 275 (44.9%) responded. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 respondents. The most common important attributes were risk stratification leading to different actions (205/275, 74.5%) and clinical problem causing substantial morbidity or mortality (177/275, 64.4%). The attributes considered least important were reducing physician workload and saving money. Qualitative interviews consistently prioritized implementations that improved patient outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Respondents prioritized machine learning model implementation where risk stratification would lead to different actions and clinical problems that caused substantial morbidity and mortality. Implementations that improved patient outcomes were prioritized. These results can help provide a framework for machine learning model implementation.

15.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395479

RESUMO

A unique ring C-expanded angucyclinone, oxemycin A (1), and seven new ring-cleavage derivatives (2-5 and 9-11) were isolated from the marine actinomycete Streptomyces pratensis KCB-132, together with eight known analogues (6-8 and 12-16). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffractions, and NMR and ECD calculations. Among these atypical angucyclinones, compound 1 represented the first seven-membered ketoester in the angucyclinone family, which sheds light on the origin of fragmented angucyclinones with C-ring cleavage at C-12/C-12a in the Baeyer-Villiger hypothesis, such as 2-4, while the related "nonoxidized" analogues 5-8 seem to originate from a diverse pathway within the Grob fragmentation hypothesis. Additionally, we have succeeded in the challenging separation of elmenols E and F (12) into their four stereoisomers, which remained stable in aprotic solvents but rapidly racemized under protic conditions. Furthermore, the absolute configurations of LS1924 and its isomers (14 and 15) were assigned by ECD calculations for the first time. Surprisingly, these two bicyclic acetals are susceptible to hydrolysis in solution, resulting in fragmented derivatives 17 and 18 with C-ring cleavage between C-6a and C-7. Compared with ring C-modified angucyclinones, ring A-cleaved 11 was more active to multiple resistant "ESKAPE" pathogens with MIC values ranging from 4.7 to 37.5 µg/mL.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399297

RESUMO

The occurrence of metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has raised great concerns about their adverse impacts on nitrification performance. In this study, a heterotrophic nitrifying bacterium Pseudomonas putida strain NP5 showed strong resistance against TiO2 and NiO NPs. Under 5-50 mg/L NP stress, cell viability was still normal, and the final nutrient removal rates, always higher than 80%, were slightly inhibited. Correspondingly, the PO43--P removal rates were almost the same as those observed in the control test. Although the enzyme assay demonstrated ammonia monooxygenase and hydroxylamine oxidoreductase activities markedly decreased caused by increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) level under 50 mg/L NPs stress. The total antioxidant capability of NP5 could eliminate excess ROS to maintain a balance between oxidants and antioxidants. Besides, in response to the escalating burden of NPs, strain NP5 tended to secrete more extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which could protect cell from being damaged by binding to ions and coating. Thus, the strong NP resistance of NP5 would help to overcome the vulnerability of the nitrification process in WWTPs.

17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(11)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363466

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Lipidomics is a pivotal tool for investigating the pathogenesis of mental disorders. However, studies qualitatively and quantitatively analyzing peripheral lipids in adult patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are limited. Moreover, there are no studies comparing the lipid profiles in these patient populations. Materials and Method: Lipidomic data for plasma samples from sex- and age-matched patients with SCZ or MDD and healthy controls (HC) were obtained and analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Results: We observed changes in lipid composition in patients with MDD and SCZ, with more significant alterations in those with SCZ. In addition, a potential diagnostic panel comprising 103 lipid species and another diagnostic panel comprising 111 lipid species could distinguish SCZ from HC (AUC = 0.953) or SCZ from MDD (AUC = 0.920) were identified, respectively. Conclusions: This study provides an increased understanding of dysfunctional lipid composition in the plasma of adult patients with SCZ or MDD, which may lay the foundation for identifying novel clinical diagnostic methods for these disorders.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Esquizofrenia , Adulto , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Lipidômica , Espectrometria de Massas , Lipídeos
18.
Cell Signal ; 101: 110530, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417976

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and recurrence and metastasis are still difficult problems in its current treatment. This study aimed to investigate the effect of SUMO modification of STAT1 protein on the proliferation and invasion of NPC, and to reveal the underlying mechanism. Two gene expression profiles (GSE12452 and GSE53819) of 49 nasopharyngeal carcinomas and 28 normal controls were analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes. In total, 448 up-regulated genes and 622 down-regulated genes were identified. In addition, 16 SUMO-related molecules in the NPC dataset GSE102349 with survival data were analyzed, and it was found that the high expression of SENP1 and SENP2 was closely related to the poor prognosis of NPC. GO and GSEA analysis suggested that immune-related biological processes, IFN-γ-STAT signaling pathway and protein modification-related molecules were significantly enriched in NPC, resulting in poor survival prognosis. In order to verify the results of bioinformatics analysis and explore its underlying molecular mechanisms, western blot, Immunofluorescence, Immunoprecipitation and Immunohistochemistry are conducted in NPC cells, animals and clinical samples. SENP1 and STAT protein levels were increased in NPC tissues. SENP1 inhibited SUMOylation of STAT1, thereby promoting the protein level of STAT1 and the nuclear translocation. SENP1 promoted the proliferation and invasion of NPC by inducing STAT1. Overall, SENP1-induced deSUMOylation of STAT1, resulting in an increased proliferation and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

19.
J Vis Exp ; (189)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408986

RESUMO

Among the lymphatic system in the human body, the spleen is the most extensive one and has hematopoietic, hemofiltration, blood storage, and immune functions. As a new method of preserving the spleen, laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) has been increasingly applied in clinical practice with people's deeper insights into minimally invasive treatment and the development of technical equipment. Compared with conventional open splenectomy, LPS can preserve normal spleen tissue as much as possible, decrease the occurrence of complications after total splenectomy, and reduce postoperative hospital stay. The bipolar radiofrequency excision hemostatic device used for LPS can solidify the splenic tissue and close the small blood vessels, which reduces the hemorrhage of the spleen cross-section and clears the operative field, thus achieving the ideal effect of "bloodless partial splenectomy". Therefore, under the premise of strictly mastering the indications and fully understanding the vascular anatomy of the spleen, the application of the bipolar radiofrequency excision hemostatic device in LPS is worthy of clinical promotion.


Assuntos
Hemostáticos , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Esplenectomia/métodos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Baço/cirurgia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401701

RESUMO

Coal and gas outburst is one of the main dynamic disasters in coal mine production. In order to deeply understand the overall research progress in the field of coal and gas outburst, the Web of Science (WOS) database is used as the sample source, and the bibliometric analysis of the literature in the field of coal and gas outburst from 2000 to 2021 is carried out by CiteSpace software. The knowledge maps of the publication quantity, country, institution, and keyword cluster are drawn. The results show that the time distribution has gone through three stages of germination period, development period, and growth period. In terms of the cooperation network, China, Australia, and the USA are the main core research countries, while China University of Mining and Technology, Chongqing University, and Henan Polytechnic University are the main core research institutions, and the main core journals are IGCG, IGRMM, and Fuel. By drawing the knowledge map of keywords timeline, the evolution law of keywords in the field of coal and gas outburst with time is obtained. Taking keywords as the object, cluster labels with gas outburst, gas extraction, gas control, and pore structure as the core are presented. On this basis, from a new perspective, this paper outlines the "scientific research landscape map" in the field of coal and gas outburst, in order to provide a scientific reference for coal and gas outburst research.

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