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1.
Ann Hematol ; 100(11): 2773-2785, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480615

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivations are common complications after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), but data focusing on non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are limited. We retrospectively analyzed the prevalence of EBV and CMV reactivation post-allo-HCT and the impacts on transplant outcomes in 160 NHL patients. The 1-year incidences of EBV and CMV reactivation were 22.58% and 25.55%, respectively. Independent impactors for EBV reactivation were more than 6 lines of chemotherapy (P = 0.030), use of rituximab (P = 0.004), and neutrophil recovery within 30 days post-HCT (P = 0.022). For T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma patients, the International Prognostic Index (IPI) (P = 0.015) and chronic GVHD (P = 0.001) increased the risk of CMV reactivation. CMV reactivation was independently related to a lower risk of relapse (P = 0.027) but higher transplant-related mortality (TRM) (P = 0.038). Although viral reactivation had no significant impact on overall survival (OS) in the whole cohort, it led to an inferior 2-year OS (67.6% versus 92.5%, P = 0.005) and TRM (20.1% versus 4.7%, P = 0.020) in recipients surviving for more than 180 days. We concluded that EBV and CMV reactivation post-allotransplant still deserved concern particularly in NHL patients with high-risk factors, since it is generally related to a deteriorated prognosis. Large-scale studies are warranted to validate our findings.

2.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1534, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There existed evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence and control rate have seasonal variation. Our study aimed to examine the ambient temperature and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) association and estimate temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence and control rate. METHODS: Four cross-sectional health surveys with 26,350 respondents were conducted in Guangdong Province from 2007 to 2015. Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit study participants. The data of demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, diet and use of hypoglycemic medicine, height, weight, FPG and meteorological information were collected. And an inverse distance-weighted method was employed to estimate daily temperature exposures at the individual' s residential district/county. Base on World Health Organization 2006 criteria, participants were divided into normal fasting glucose (NFG) participants (n = 23,877), known T2DM patients (n = 916) and newly detected T2DM patients (n = 1557). Generalized additive mixed model was employed to evaluate the nonlinear associations between temperature and FPG among different T2DM subgroups. The T2DM prevalence and control rate were estimated based on temperature-FPG association. RESULTS: The curves of temperature and FPG were downward parabola for total, NFG and known T2DM groups, while it was "U"-shaped for newly detected T2DM patients. When temperature decreased from 30 °C to 4 °C, the FPG significantly increased 0.24 (95%CI: 0.15, 0.33) mmol/L, 0.10 (95%CI: 0.06, 0.14) mmol/L and 1.34 (95%CI: 0.56, 2.12) mmol/L in total, NFG and known T2DM groups, respectively. Compared to 19 °C, newly detected T2DM patients' FPGs were increased 0.73 (95%CI: 0.13, 1.30) mmol/L at 4 °C and 0.53 (0.00, 1.07) mmol/L at 30 °C. The model-estimated temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence had a down and up trend, with 9.7% at 5 °C, 8.9% at 20 °C and 9.4% at 30 °C, respectively. At 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 °C, the model-estimated temperature-adjusted T2DM control rates were 33.2, 35.4, 38.2, 43.6, 49.1 and 55.2%. CONCLUSION: Temperature was negatively associated with FPG for NFG and known T2DM subgroups, while their association was U-shape for newly detected T2DM patients. Hence, the temperature-adjusted T2DM prevalence show a dip/peak pattern and T2DM control rate display a rising trend when temperature increase. Our findings suggest temperature should be considered in T2DM clinic management and epidemiological survey.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Jejum , Humanos , Prevalência , Temperatura
3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 686-692, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323050

RESUMO

Objective: To establish an artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system for molecular subtyping of colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: 812 whole-slide images (WSIs) of 422 patients were selected from the database of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and were put into the training set (75%) and the test set (25%). The slides were stored in the www.paiwsit.com database. We preprocessed and segmented the slides based on the labelling results of experienced pathologists to generate a training set of more than 4 million labeled samples. Finally, deep learning models were adopted for training. Results: After training with several convolutional neural network models, we tested the performance of the trained deep learning model on the test set of 203 WSIs from 110 patients, and our model achieved an accuracy of 53.04% at patch-level and 51.72% at slide-level, while the accuracy of CMS2 (one of a consensus of four subtypes for CRC) at slide-level was as high as 75.00%. Conclusion: This study is of great significance to the promotion of colorectal cancer screening and precision treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Aprendizado Profundo , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
4.
Front Public Health ; 9: 679406, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277546

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated the embryotoxicity and fetotoxicity of thallium (Tl). However, the effects of prenatal exposure to Tl on birth weight and placental weight and the mediating role of placental weight in the association of Tl with birth weight remain unclear. Methods: We recruited 2,748 participants from the ongoing Prenatal Environment and Offspring Health Cohort (PEOH Cohort) study, which was initiated in 2016 in Guangzhou, China. The Tl concentrations in maternal urine samples collected during the first and third trimester were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Birth weight and placental weight were extracted from maternal medical records. Results: Pregnant women exposed to the highest tertile of Tl in the first trimester (ß = -42.7 g, 95% CI: -82.3, -3.1 g) and third trimester (ß = -50.6 g, 95% CI: -99.0, -2.3 g) had babies with lower birth weights than those exposed to the lowest tertile. We also found significant negative associations of exposure to Tl concentrations in the first and third trimester with placental weight. Mediation analyses showed that 50.3% (95% CI: 15.9, 79.2%) and 33.5% (95% CI: 1.3, 80.3%) of the effects of Tl exposure in the first and third trimester on birth weight were mediated by decreased placental weight. Conclusion: Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to Tl is negatively associated with birth weight and that this association may be mediated by decreased placental weight.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Tálio , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Placenta , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Environ Res ; 200: 111457, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089745

RESUMO

Although strict lockdown measurements implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic have dramatically reduced the anthropogenic-based emissions, changes in air quality and its health impacts remain unclear in China. We comprehensively described air pollution during and after the lockdown periods in 2020 compared with 2018-2019, and estimated the mortality burden indicated by the number of deaths and years of life lost (YLL) related to the air pollution changes. The mean air quality index (AQI), PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2 and CO concentrations during the lockdown across China declined by 18.2 (21.2%), 27.0 µg/m3 (28.9%), 10.5 µg/m3 (18.3%), 8.4 µg/m3 (44.2%), 13.1 µg/m3 (38.8%), and 0.3 mg/m3 (27.3%) respectively, when compared to the same periods during 2018-2019. We observed an increase in O3 concentration during the lockdown by 5.5 µg/m3 (10.4%), and a slight decrease after the lockdown by 3.4 µg/m3 (4.4%). As a result, there were 51.3 (95%CI: 32.2, 70.1) thousand fewer premature deaths (16.2 thousand during and 35.1 thousand after the lockdown), and 1066.8 (95%CI: 668.7, 1456.8) thousand fewer YLLs (343.3 thousand during and 723.5 thousand after the lockdown) than these in 2018-2019. Our findings suggest that the COVID-19 lockdown has caused substantial decreases in air pollutants except for O3, and that substantial human health benefits can be achieved when strict control measures for air pollution are taken to reduce emissions from vehicles and industries. Stricter tailored policy solutions of air pollution are urgently needed in China and other countries, especially in well-developed industrial regions, such as upgrading industry structure and promoting green transportation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Pandemias , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , SARS-CoV-2
6.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is chronic incurable skin inflammation. The anti-inflammatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been put forward to be involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, little was known about the role of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hAD-MSCs) in psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore the feasibility of using hAD-MSCs infusion as a therapeutic approach in psoriatic mice. METHODS: We constructed the psoriasis-like model by IMQ implication, treated with hAD-MSCs by subcutaneous injection. To evaluate the efficacy, we examined the histology, CD45 and ROS positive cells by HE and flow cytometry respectively. We also tested the key cytokines with PCR. Moreover, to achieve a better therapeutic effect, we treated the model by combing with vitamin E application. RESULTS: We found that the classic histological symptoms of psoriasis were relieved after treatment with hAD-MSCs, also, the splenic index, the infiltration of immune cells and several pro-inflammatory cytokines were decreased. Interestingly, we also found that hAD-MSCs could inhibit ROS generation. Moreover, the combination therapy of hAD-MSCs and vitamin E could promote the curative effect with greater ROS inhibition. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that hAD-MSCs could be useful for treating psoriasis by negatively regulating ROS.

7.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 249, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098964

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression is a promising biomarker for identifying treatment related to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Automated image analysis served as an aided PD-L1 scoring tool for pathologists to reduce inter- and intrareader variability. We developed a novel automated tumor proportion scoring (TPS) algorithm, and evaluated the concordance of this image analysis algorithm with pathologist scores. METHODS: We included 230 NSCLC samples prepared and stained using the PD-L1(SP263) and PD-L1(22C3) antibodies separately. The scoring algorithm was based on regional segmentation and cellular detection. We used 30 PD-L1(SP263) slides for algorithm training and validation. RESULTS: Overall, 192 SP263 samples and 117 22C3 samples were amenable to image analysis scoring. Automated image analysis and pathologist scores were highly concordant [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.873 and 0.737]. Concordances at moderate and high cutoff values were better than at low cutoff values significantly. For SP263 and 22C3, the concordances in squamous cell carcinomas were better than adenocarcinomas (SP263 ICC = 0.884 vs 0.783; 22C3 ICC = 0.782 vs 0.500). In addition, our automated immune cell proportion scoring (IPS) scores achieved high positive correlation with the pathologists TPS scores. CONCLUSIONS: The novel automated image analysis scoring algorithm permitted quantitative comparison with existing PD-L1 diagnostic assays and demonstrated effectiveness by combining cellular and regional information for image algorithm training. Meanwhile, the fact that concordances vary in different subtypes of NSCLC samples, which should be considered in algorithm development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno B7-H1 , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Patologistas
8.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115672

RESUMO

Papillary early gastric carcinoma (EGC) is believed to have a low risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM) and thus can be resected endoscopically. We observed anecdotally that some papillary EGC tumors showed conspicuous high-grade dysplastic features, but the significance of these observations is unknown. In this bicenter study we investigated papillary EGCs that were divided into high-grade (n=96) and low-grade (n=118) groups among 1136 consecutive EGC radical resection cases. Concurrent 464 well-moderately differentiated tubular EGCs were served as the control group. Compared with low-grade papillary and well-moderately differentiated tubular EGCs, high-grade papillary EGC displayed significantly larger sizes (mean 2.51 cm), higher frequencies of the elevated macroscopic type (51%), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (38.5%), and LNM (31.2%). Low-grade papillary EGCs exhibited a higher prevalence of the elevated macroscopic type, but not LVI nor LNM, compared with tubular EGC. Independent risk factors for LNM included high-grade histology, female sex, distal location, submucosal invasion, and LVI. The 5-year overall survival rate was significantly lower in high-grade (79.6%) papillary than in low-grade (88.9%) papillary or tubular (92.8%) EGCs, while no significant difference in prognosis was observed in the latter 2 groups. Age of 66 years or older and LNM were independent risk factors for overall survival. In conclusions, high-grade papillary EGC was associated with high frequencies of LVI, LNM, and poor prognosis, and thus unsuitable for endoscopic therapy, while low-grade papillary EGC showed clinicopathologic features and prognosis similar to well-moderately differentiated tubular EGC and may be treated endoscopically in appropriate clinical settings.

9.
Hum Cell ; 34(3): 945-951, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580470

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most fetal malignancy due to the high rate of metastasis and recurrence after treatment. A considerable number of patients with early-stage lung cancer relapse due to overlooked distant metastasis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells in blood circulation that originated from primary or metastatic sites, and it has been shown that CTCs are critical for metastasis and prognosis in various type of cancers. Here, we employed novel method to capture, isolate and classify CTC with FlowCell system and analyzed the CTCs from a cohort of 302 individuals. Our results illustrated that FlowCell-enriched CTCs effectively differentiated benign and malignant lung tumor and the total CTC counts increased as the tumor developed. More importantly, we showed that CTCs displayed superior sensitivity and specificity to predict lung cancer metastasis in comparison to conventional circulating biomarkers. Taken together, our data suggested CTCs can be used to assist the diagnosis of lung cancer as well as predict lung cancer metastasis. These findings provide an alternative means to screen early-stage metastasis.


Assuntos
Contagem de Células/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 88: 101861, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497891

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. In coping with it, histopathology image analysis (HIA) provides key information for clinical diagnosis of CRC. Nowadays, the deep learning methods are widely used in improving cancer classification and localization of tumor-regions in HIA. However, these efforts are both time-consuming and labor-intensive due to the manual annotation of tumor-regions in the whole slide images (WSIs). Furthermore, classical deep learning methods to analyze thousands of patches extracted from WSIs may cause loss of integrated information of image. Herein, a novel method was developed, which used only global labels to achieve WSI classification and localization of carcinoma by combining features from different magnifications of WSIs. The model was trained and tested using 1346 colorectal cancer WSIs from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Our method classified colorectal cancer with an accuracy of 94.6 %, which slightly outperforms most of the existing methods. Its cancerous-location probability maps were in good agreement with annotations from three individual expert pathologists. Independent tests on 50 newly-collected colorectal cancer WSIs from hospitals produced 92.0 % accuracy and cancerous-location probability maps were in good agreement with the three pathologists. The results thereby demonstrated that the method sufficiently achieved WSI classification and localization utilizing only global labels. This weakly supervised deep learning method is effective in time and cost, as it delivered a better performance in comparison with the state-of-the-art methods.

11.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1119): 20200950, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the non-invasive prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) based on qualitative and quantitative imaging features of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI. METHODS: 109 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and immunochemical staining for CD34 were retrospectively evaluated in our institution (the first affiliated hospital of Soochow university). Pre-operative imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were qualitatively and quantitatively reviewed by radiologists. Significant variables for differentiating the VETC-positive and VETC-negative HCCs were identified in univariate and multivariate analyses. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine the optimal cut-off values for quantitative variables. The nomogram based on the coefficient of multivariate analysis was constructed to evaluate the probability of VETC-positive HCCs. RESULTS: The multivariate analysis showed that the serum AST level >40 U l-1 (p = 0.007), non-rim diffuse and heterogeneous arterial phase hyperenhancement (p = 0.035), tumor-to-liver SI ratio of 1.135 or more on AP images (p = 0.001), and tumor-to-liver SI ratio of 0.585 or less on HBP images (p = 0.002) were significant predictors for predicting VETC-positive HCCs. Combing all four significant variables provided a diagnostic accuracy of 82.6%, sensitivity of 83.9%, specificity of 80.9% for identifying VETC status. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve value of the logistical regression coefficient-based nomogram was 0.885 (95% confidence intervals, 0.824-0.946). CONCLUSION: Qualitative and quantitative imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI integrating laboratory examination can provide good diagnostic performance. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: VETC is a novel identified microvascular pattern; associations between imaging features and VETC status have not been investigated. Pre-operative diagnosis of VETC status in HCC is essential to help predict the outcome of patients and make a decision for the therapeutic schedule.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio DTPA , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Oncol Rep ; 45(2): 764-775, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416178

RESUMO

Diffuse large B­cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most prevalent type of non­Hodgkin's lymphoma with a heterogeneous molecular pathogenesis and aggressive clinical manifestations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR­196a­3p and its target gene in the development and progression of DLBCL. RT­qPCR was used to detect the miR­196a­3p expression level in human DLBCL cell lines and DLBCL pathological tissues and compare them with the normal control. The clinical significance of the miR­196a­3p expression was also analyzed in DLBCL patients. Next, the effect of miR­196a­3p overexpression on the cell cycle, apoptosis, and proliferation of DLBCL cells was evaluated. To explore its underlying mechanism, the target gene of miR­196a­3p was predicted and validated using bioinformatics and molecular biological approaches. Finally, the expression of this target gene in clinical specimens and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics were determined. The decreased expression of miR­196a­3p was validated in DLBCL, with further analysis proving that it was correlated with poor prognosis. It was shown that the overexpression of miR­196a­3p was associated with cell cycle arrest, enhanced apoptosis, and inhibited proliferation in DLBCL cells. Furthermore, ADP ribosylation factor 4 (ARF4) was verified as the downstream target gene of miR­196a­3p. Similar to miR­196a­3p restoration in vitro, endogenous ARF4­knockdown was proven to inhibit cell proliferation through cell cycle arrest and elevate apoptosis in DLBCL. The present results indicated that miR­196a­3p downregulation contributed to the tumorigenesis of DLBCL by targeting ARF4 expression, which may be used as a novel prognostic marker or potential molecular therapeutic target for DLBCL management in the future.

13.
Skin Res Technol ; 27(1): 62-69, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extent and depth of facial nonmelanoma skin cancers and the involvement of adjacent structures are critical features for surgical planning, but they are difficult to assess clinically. High-resolution MRI (HR-MRI) with microscopy coil may facilitate detailed evaluation of skin lesions. The authors performed this prospective study to determine the value of high-resolution microscopy coil MRI in the preoperative evaluation of nonmelanoma skin cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2018 and August 2019, 16 lesions from fifteen consecutive patients with facial nonmelanoma skin cancer were evaluated using high-resolution microscopy coil MRI about tumor extent, depth, margins, characteristic, and their spatial relationship with adjacent structures. The preoperative HR-MRI results were compared with the intraoperative findings and with the histopathology, with special note to the depth of invasion. RESULTS: Among the 16 lesions, HR-MRI imaging was found to provide accurate evaluation of tumor extent, depth, and margins and determine whether there was involvement of adjacent structures. The tumor depth measured on HR-MRI showed good correlation with histopathologic results (CCC: 0.973), and Bland-Altman analysis finding no significant bias existed between the two measurements. All lesions except one were completely resected with primary excision. Only one lesion required further excision. During follow-up for 3-15 months, no tumor recurrence was observed in any case. CONCLUSIONS: HR-MRI is an accurate, noninvasive imaging technique that can be used as preoperative evaluation tool for facial nonmelanoma skin cancer. It can accurate predict tumor depth, margins, and involvement of structure. The valuable information it provided facilitates surgeons optimize surgical planning.

14.
J Hypertens ; 39(5): 911-918, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown negative relationships between ambient temperature and blood pressure (BP). However, few studies estimated temperature-adjusted hypertension prevalence and control rate in different population. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of temperature on BP, and further calculate temperature-adjusted hypertension prevalence and control rate. METHODS: Meteorological and BP data in Guangdong Province from 2004 to 2015 were collected. There were 31 351 participants aged 18 years and over. Based on 2018 European society Arterial Hypertension Guidelines, participants were divided into normotensive patients (n = 23 046), known hypertensive patients (n = 2807), and newly detected hypertensive patients (n = 5498). We first used generalized additive model to establish the nonlinear relationship between daily mean temperature and BP, and then calculated the linear effects of temperature on BP among populations with different hypertension status. Finally, we calculated the temperature-adjusted hypertension prevalence and control rate. RESULTS: Generally, there is an inverse relationship between temperature and BP. For a 1 °C increase in temperature, the decreased SBPs for normotensive patients, newly detected hypertensive patients, and known hypertensive patients were 0.37 [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.40, -0.33] mmHg, 0.21 (95% CI: -0.32, -0.10) mmHg and 0.81 (95% CI: -1.02, -0.59) mmHg, while reduced DBPs were 0.19 (95% CI: -0.21, -0.16) mmHg, 0.01 (95% CI: -0.06,0.08) mmHg, and 0.44 (95% CI: -0.56, -0.32) mmHg, respectively. At 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 °C, the hypertension prevalence rates were 32.5, 29.7, 27.7, 26.0, and 25.0%, respectively, and the control rates were 12.0, 17.5, 23.5, 30.1, and 37.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Low temperature increased BP for all populations, especially for known hypertensive patients, which makes hypertension prevalence increase and control rate decrease if temperature reduce. Our findings suggest that temperature should be considered in hypertension clinic management and epidemiological survey.

15.
Int J Infect Dis ; 103: 617-623, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the time-varying transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in China, Wuhan City, and Guangdong province, and compare to that of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). METHODS: Data on COVID-19 cases in China up to 20 March 2020 was collected from epidemiological investigations or official websites. Data on SARS cases in Guangdong Province, Beijing, and Hong Kong during 2002-3 was also obtained. We estimated the doubling time, basic reproduction number (R0), and time-varying reproduction number (Rt) of COVID-19 and SARS. RESULTS: As of 20 March 2020, 80,739 locally acquired COVID-19 cases were identified in mainland China, with most cases reported between 20 January and 29 February 2020. The R0 value of COVID-19 in China and Wuhan was 5.0 and 4.8, respectively, which was greater than the R0 value of SARS in Guangdong (R0 = 2.3), Hong Kong (R0 = 2.3), and Beijing (R0 = 2.6). At the start of the COVID-19 epidemic, the Rt value in China peaked at 8.4 and then declined quickly to below 1.0 in one month. With SARS, the Rt curve saw fluctuations with more than one peak, the highest peak was lower than that for COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 has much higher transmissibility than SARS, however, a series of prevention and control interventions to suppress the outbreak were effective. Sustained efforts are needed to prevent the rebound of the epidemic in the context of the global pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/transmissão , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Número Básico de Reprodução , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos
16.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 50: 151648, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189033

RESUMO

Mucosal melanoma is a rare malignant melanoma with more aggressive and poorer outcomes. The incidence of mucosal melanoma varies greatly among different ethnic groups. We herein sought to characterize the vital genes and pathways of Chinese mucosal melanoma patients. By whole-exome sequencing in six patients with mucosal melanoma, we detected a total of 21,733 CNVs and 2372 SNPs. The CNV/SNP burden varies greatly between individuals, including recurrent CNV targeting PIK3 family, KRAS, APC and BRCA1. Significantly mutated genes were NUDT5, ZBTB18, NEURL4, ZNF430, RBM44, GAK, PCDHA13, STK38 and UBR5. Besides, FAT1 gene was identified frequently mutated in anorectal melanoma patients (3/3, 100%). Moreover, our result showed that HPV infection may be associated with mucosal melanoma. In conclusion, this study indicated that mucosal melanomas have a low SNPs burden and a high number of CNVs and expand the spectrum of mucosal melanoma variants, also provided an insight for the pathological mechanism of mucosal melanoma.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 756: 142614, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the effect of ambient temperature on cardiovascular disease (CVDs) has been well explored, studies using years of life lost (YLLs) as the outcome especially evaluating the average life loss per death attributable to temperatures were rare. We examine the associations between ambient temperature and YLLs of CVDs, and further quantify temperature-related life loss per death. METHODS: Daily YLL rates were calculated using death data from 364 locations across China during 2006-2017, and meteorological data were collected for the same period. A distributed-lag nonlinear model and meta-regression were applied to examine the relationships between temperature and YLL rates of CVDs. Subgroup analyses by age, gender, region, and cause-specific CVDs were investigated. The total YLLs and average YLLs per death attributable to temperature were further quantified to assess life loss caused by non-optimal temperature. RESULTS: Both high and low temperatures significantly increased YLL rates of CVDs, with greater effects for cold than heat. Cerebrovascular diseases (CEDs) account for the largest proportion (47.17%) of total YLLs of CVDs attributable to non-optimal temperature. On average, life loss per CVD death attributable to non-optimal temperatures was 1.51 (95% eCI: 1.33, 1.69) years, with 1.07 (95% eCI: 1.00, 1.15) years from moderate cold. Average life losses per death were observed higher for males (1.71, 95% eCI: 1.43, 1.99), younger population (3.82, 95% eCI: 2.86, 4.75), central China (1.62; 95% eCI: 1.41, 1.83) and hemorrhagic stroke (2.86, 95% eCI: 2.63, 3.10) than their correspondents. CONCLUSIONS: We found that non-optimal temperature significantly aggravated premature death of CVD, with CEDs being the most affected, and most of temperature-related life loss of CVD was attributed to moderate cold. Our findings imply that peoples with CEDs in moderate cold days are vulnerable populations, which may contribute to a better understanding the adverse effects and pathogenesis of temperature on CVDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Masculino , Temperatura
18.
Skin Res Technol ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While uncomplicated cases of skin squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) can be treated with surgery topical therapy alone, more objective and non-invasive examination methods are needed to guide clinicians to make more detailed biopsy and surgical plans for lesions with atypical or subcutaneous growth. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) is a novel skin imaging method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective collection of 19 patients with clinically suspected cSCC. All patients underwent high-resolution DCE-MRI using a 70-mm microscopy coil before operation. The imaging features and results of surgical pathology were recorded. Ktrans , Kep , Ve values, and the time-signal curve (TIC) types were determined using DCE images. RESULTS: 16 cases of cSCC, 3 cases of acanthoma. The subcutaneous invasion of all lesions was clearly displayed, of which 8 lesions invaded the subcutaneous fat layer, 5 invaded the muscle layer, 1 invaded the periosteum, 2 invaded the cap fascia, and the layer of all lesions invasion judged by HR-MR imaging was consistent with the postoperative pathology. The main manifestations of cSCC were ill-defined margin, obvious inhomogeneous enhancement, higher perfusion parameters value and type-III TIC, while acanthoma showed well-defined and type-I TIC. Some imaging findings (such as boundary, enhancement) and DCE perfusion parameters of the two groups overlap. CONCLUSION: High-resolution DCE-MRI can fully and directly display the subcutaneous invasion of cSCC, and more work needs to be done to prove its value. Next, we will expand the sample size, and further explore its value in the differential diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of cSCC from acanthoma or other skin tumors.

19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 237, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In follicular lymphoma (FL), histologic transformation to high-grade FL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a critical adverse step in disease progression. Activation of the oncogene c-MYC and tumor microenvironment remodeling account for FL progression. A panel of microRNA (miRNA) was downregulated in transformed FL (tFL). METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs were systematically compared in 11 lymph nodes from patients at different stages of disease. Expression of miR-7e-5p was analyzed in 46 B-cell lymphomas, including 30 FL tissues and 16 DLBCL tissues. In FL cells, transcriptional regulation of the oncogene c-MYC on its target miR-7e-5p was revealed by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. Exosome, carrying differentially expressed miR-7e-5p was isolated and visualized by transmission electron microscope and fluorescence tracing. The effect of miR-7e-5p on recipient macrophage was determined by target gene quantification, flow cytometry, and TUNEL method in a cocultured system with miR-7e-5p-mimics or inhibitors treatment. Expression of miR-7e-5p targets, macrophage proportions, and clinical parameters were included for correlation analysis. RESULTS: We determined that downregulation of miR-7e-5p, driven by c-MYC overexpression, was associated with poorer prognosis in FL patients. The decreased expression of miR-7e-5p in lymphoma cells led to a reduced exosomal transfer to surrounding macrophages. As a result, the target gene of miR-7e-5p, Fas ligand (FasL), was upregulated and activated the caspase signaling, which led to the apoptosis of M1 macrophages in tumor stroma. Finally, in transformed FL tissues, overexpression of FasL and activation of caspase proteins was detected in tumor stromal macrophages. Downregulation of miR-7e-5p was associated with poorer clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: Downregulation of exosomal miR-7e-5p induces stromal M1 macrophage apoptosis, which leads to immunosurveillance and transformation of FL.

20.
Environ Health ; 19(1): 98, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the associations between ambient temperature and years of life lost (YLLs), but few focused on the difference of life loss attributable to temperature among different socioeconomic development levels. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the disparity in temperature-YLL rate relationships and life loss per death attributable to nonoptimal temperature in regions with various development levels. METHODS: Three hundred sixty-four Chinese counties or districts were classified into 92 high-development regions (HDRs) and 272 low-development regions (LDRs) according to socioeconomic factors of each location using K-means clustering approach. We used distributed lag non-linear models (DLNM) and multivariate meta-analysis to estimate the temperature-YLL rate relationships. We calculated attributable fraction (AF) of YLL and temperature-related average life loss per death to compare mortality burden of temperature between HDRs and LDRs. Stratified analyses were conducted by region, age, sex and cause of death. RESULTS: We found that non-optimal temperatures increased YLL rates in both HDRs and LDRs, but all subgroups in LDRs were more vulnerable. The disparity of cold effects between HDRs and LDRs was significant, while the difference in heat effect was insignificant. The overall AF of non-optimal temperature in LDRs [AF = 12.2, 95% empirical confidence interval (eCI):11.0-13.5%] was higher than that in HDRs (AF = 8.9, 95% eCI: 8.3-9.5%). Subgroups analyses found that most groups in LDRs had greater AFs than that in HDRs. The average life loss per death due to non-optimal temperature in LDRs (1.91 years, 95% eCI: 1.72-2.10) was also higher than that in HDRs (1.32 years, 95% eCI: 1.23-1.41). Most of AFs and life loss per death were caused by moderate cold in both HDRs and LDRs. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality burden caused by temperature was more significant in LDRs than that in HDRs, which means that more attention should be paid to vulnerable populations in LDRs in planning adaptive strategies.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Expectativa de Vida , China , Geografia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Análise Multivariada
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