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1.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(7): 598-603, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By comparing the clinical efficacy of short-segment and long-segment fixation for single-segment thoracic and lumbar spine III stage Kümmell disease to explore a more suitable fixed segment for the disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 46 patients with single-segment thoracic and lumbar spine III stage Kümmell disease treated from July 2013 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Forty-six patients were divided into short-segment fixation group(one vertebra above and below the diseased vertebra) and long-segment fixation group(two vertebrae on the upper and lower of the diseased vertebra) according to different methods of cement stick fixation. There were 25 patients in the short-segment fixation group, including 9 males and 16 females, with an average age of (75.3±4.5) years old, lumbar spine bone mineral density T-value of (-3.1±0.3) g/cm³, follow-up time of (13.0±2.3) months; there were 21 patients in long-segment fixation group, 6 males and 15 females, with an average age of (74.5±3.9) years old, lumbar spine bone mineral density T-value of (-3.2±0.3) g/cm³, follow-up time of (14.7±3.6) months.The gender, age, follow-up time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cement leakage, and the rate of adjacent vertebrae fractures were compared between two groups, as well as pain VAS score, ODI, and kyphosis angle before and after surgery. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, gender, bone density, pain VAS score, ODI, and kyphosis between two groups before surgery. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss of short-segment fixation group were less than that of long-segment fixation group. The pain VAS score, ODI and kyphosis of the two groups were significantly improved at 7 days after the operation and at the latest follow-up, there was no significant difference between two groups. There were no significant differences in bone cement leakage(9/25 vs 11/21) and adjacent vertebrae fractures(4/25 vs 3/21). CONCLUSIONS: Both long-segment fixation and short-segment fixation can effectively relieve pain, correct kyphosis, improve functional index, and achieve better clinical results, but short-segment fixation has less operation time and less intraoperative blood. So single-segment thoracic and lumbar spine III stage Kümmell disease does not need to extend the fixed segment, short-segment fixation is more in line with clinical needs and worthy of further study.


Assuntos
Cifose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Idoso , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387251

RESUMO

The Artemisia argyi leaf (AL) has been used as a traditional medicine and food supplement in China and other Asian countries for hundreds of years. Phytochemical studies disclosed that AL contains various bioactive constituents. Among bioactive constituents, phenolic acids have been recognized as the main active compounds in AL. To the best of our knowledge, no research has been focused on extraction method for the bioactive phenolic acids from AL. Nowadays, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are emerging as a new type of green and sustainable solvent for efficient extraction of bioactive compounds from natural products. In the present study, an environmentally friendly extraction method based on DESs was established to extract bioactive phenolic acids from ALs. Diverse tailor-made solvents, including binary and ternary DESs, were explored for simultaneous extraction of four phenolic acids (3-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid) from AL. The results indicated that the ternary DES composed of a 2:1:2 molar ratio of choline chloride, malic acid, and urea showed enhanced extraction yields for phenolic acids compared with conventional organic solvents and other DESs. Subsequently, the extraction parameters for the four phenolic acids by selected tailor-made DESs, including liquid-solid ratios, water content (%) in the DESs, and extraction time, were optimized using response surface methodology and the optimal extraction conditions were: extraction time, 23.5 min; liquid-solid ratio, 57.5 mL/g (mL of DES/g dry weight of plant material); water content, 54%. The research indicated that DESs were efficient and sustainable green extraction solvents for extraction of bioactive phenolic acids from natural products. Compared to the conventional organic solvents, the DESs have a great potential as possible alternatives to those organic solvents in health-related areas such as food and pharmaceuticals.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9908, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289289

RESUMO

Bacterial diseases of swine are a kind of multifactorial and uncontrollable diseases that commonly exist in pig farms all over the world and will lead to huge economic losses every year. In this study, a detailed and overall survey was carried out to better understand the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibilities of bacterial diseases from 2013 to 2017 in China. A total of 19673 bacterial strains were isolated from 44175 samples collected from 9661 pig farms that distributed in 16 Chinese major pig breeding provinces. The results showed that the average isolation rates of Streptococcus suis (SS), Haemophilus parasuis (HPS), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pasteurella multocida (Pm), Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP), Brodetella bronchiseptica (Bb), Salmonella enteria (SE), Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (E. rhusiopathiae) were 16.9%, 9.7%, 6.3%, 3.4%, 0.3%, 1.5%, 2.3% and 0.9%, respectively. The isolate rates of E. coli, APP and SE showed an increasing trend from 2013 to 2017. The seasonal prevalence characteristics of SS, HPS and Pm were obviously higher from April to August for first two bacteria and higher at February, March, April, and October for Pm. The dominant serotypes for SS, HPS were serotype 2 and serotype 5 (changed from serotype 4), respectively. The SS, HPS, and Pm showed very high antibiotic resistance rates to almost 8 common antibiotics (ß-lactam, aminoglycoside, macrolides, lincomycin, tetracycline, quinolone, polymyxin, and sulfonamide) and an obvious increasing trend of antibiotic resistance rates from 2013 to 2017. In conclusion, the study provides detailed information on the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibilities of different bacterial pathogens of swine from 2013 to 2017 in China. These data can provide a foundation for monitoring epidemiological patterns of bacterial diseases in the Chinese swine herds, as well as provide insight into potential antibiotic resistance profiles in these pathogens.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 6302950, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317034

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of isoleucine (Ile) on the synthesis and secretion of digestive enzymes and cellular signalling in the pancreatic tissue of dairy goats. The pancreatic tissues were incubated in buffer containing 0, 0.40, 0.80, and 1.60 mM Ile. High levels of Ile significantly increased the buffer release and total concentration of ɑ-amylase in the tissues (P < 0.001). The total trypsin and chymotrypsin concentrations in each of the Ile groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05); however, lipase was not affected. High levels of Ile significantly increased ɑ-amylase mRNA expression (P < 0.001) but had no effect on the mRNA expression of trypsin, chymotrypsin, or lipase. Ile did not affect S6K1 phosphorylation levels. High levels of Ile significantly increased the expression of the γ isoform of 4EBP1 (P < 0.001), which indicated that the phosphorylation of 4EBP1 was significantly increased. The phosphorylation level of eEF2 gradually decreased with the addition of Ile (P < 0.001). These results suggested that high doses of Ile can regulate the excretion of enzymes, especially ɑ-amylase, in the pancreatic tissues of dairy goats by modulating mTOR signalling, and this regulation is independent of the mTOR-S6K1 pathway.

5.
J AOAC Int ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288892

RESUMO

Background: Artemisia argyi and A. lavandulifolia are two morphologically similar herbal medicines derived from the Artemisia genus. Although the two Artemisia herbs have been used as herbal medicines for a long time, studies on their phytochemicals and bioactive compositions are still limited, and no research has been devoted to compare the volatile compounds in A. argyi and A. lavandulifolia. Objective: To compare the volatile constituents in A. argyi and A. lavandulifolia and to explore chemical markers for discrimination and quality evaluation of the two Artemisia herbal medicines. Methods: A GC-MS-based metabolomic approach was employed to compare and discriminate A. argyi and A. lavandulifolia from the aspect of volatile compounds. Multivariate statistical methods, including principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminate analysis, were applied to explore chemical markers for discrimination of the two Artemisia herbal medicines. Results: Thirty volatile compounds were identified, and the chemical profiles of volatile compounds in A. argyi and A. lavandulifolia were quite similar. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis results indicated that the two Artemisia herbal medicines could be distinguished effectively from each other. Ten volatile compounds were selected as potential chemical markers for discrimination of the two Artemisia herbal medicines. Conclusions: The GC-MS-based metabolomics could be an acceptable strategy for comparison and discrimination of A. argyi and A. lavandulifolia as well as authentication of herbal medicines derived from other closely related species. Highlights: GC-MS based metabolomic approach was firstly applied to compare and discriminate Artemisia argyi and Artemisia lavandulifolia.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(53): 7623-7626, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194204

RESUMO

Here, we report a facile method to synthesize ruthenium phosphides with diameter 1 nm and an amorphous structure at room temperature. Only 31 mV vs. RHE overpotential is required to deliver 10 mA cm-2 and no degradation in hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance is recorded after 24 h of catalysis at 100 mA cm-2.

7.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 174: 376-385, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202880

RESUMO

Alkaloids, the principal constituents in the caulis of Sinomenium acutum, have gained an increasing interest over the past decades since they are widely employed as a clinical treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, an integrated characterization strategy by combining mass defect filtering-based structure classification (MDFSC) and diagnostic fragment-ion-based extension (DFIBE) was firstly proposed for rapid profiling of alkaloids in Sinomenii Caulis (SC) via ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS). The rectangular MDFSC window could more accurately screen the target alkaloids of different types, and the DFIBE could facilitate the acquisition of characteristic fragment ions for structural elucidation of alkaloids. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprints with principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) was established for identifying the chemical markers and simultaneous determination of sinomenine, magnoflorine, menisperine, stepharanine and ehydrodiscretine. A total of 91 alkaloids, including 82 targeted ones (26 morphinans, 22 aporphines, 20 protoberberines and 14 benzylisoquinolines) were unambiguously identified or tentatively characterized in SC, and 14 of them were reported for the first time. Sinomenine and magnoflorine could be selected as chemical markers to evaluate the quality of SC from different localities. In conclusion, the proposed method provided a potential approach for chemical profiling and holistic quality control of herbal medicines.

8.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163101

RESUMO

Dysosteosclerosis (DOS) is a distinct form of sclerosing bone disease characterized by irregular osteosclerosis and platyspondyly. DOS is genetically heterogeneous; however, only five cases with SLC29A3 mutations and a single case with a splice-site mutation of TNFRSF11A have been reported, and TNFRSF11A is also a causal gene for osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 7 (OP-AR7). Thus, the causal genes of DOS and their genotype-phenotype associations remain unclear. In this study, we examined a Japanese patient with DOS and found a novel variant in TNFRSF11A. The homozygous variant was a G to T transversion at the first nucleotide of exon 9 (c.784G>T). Although the variant was predicted to cause a stop codon mutation (p.E262*), in silico evaluation of the exonic splicing elements followed by RT-PCR for the patient-derived cells showed that it caused aberrant splicing due to the change in the exonic splicing element and produced two types of aberrant transcripts: One caused a premature stop codon (p.E262Vfs*17) leading to nonsense mutation-mediated mRNA decay; the other produced a protein with interstitial deletion (p.E262_Q279del). The effects of the mutation on five splicing isoforms of TNFRSF11A were different from those in OP-AR7, but comparable with those in the first DOS with the TNFRSF11A mutation. Thus, we identified the second case of DOS caused by the TNFRSF11A splice-site mutation and confirmed the novel disease entity. © 2019 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 191, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT (BZR) family genes encode plant-specific transcription factors (TFs) that participate in brassinosteroid signal transduction. BZR TFs have vital roles in plant growth, including cell elongation. However, little is known about BZR genes in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). RESULTS: Therefore, we performed a genome-wide investigation of BvBZR genes in sugar beet. Through an analysis of the BES1_N conserved domain, six BvBZR gene family members were identified in the sugar beet genome, which clustered into three subgroups according to a phylogenetic analysis. Each clade was well defined by the conserved motifs, implying that close genetic relationships could be identified among the members of each subfamily. According to chromosomal distribution mapping, 2, 1, 1, 1, and 1 genes were located on chromosomes 1, 4, 5, 6, and 8, respectively. The cis-acting elements related to taproot growth were randomly distributed in the promoter sequences of the BvBZR genes. Tissue-specific expression analyses indicated that all BvBZR genes were expressed in all three major tissue types (roots, stems, and leaves), with significantly higher expression in leaves. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that Bv1_fxre and Bv6_nyuw are localized in the nuclei, consistent with the prediction of Wolf PSORT. CONCLUSION: These findings offer a basis to predict the functions of BZR genes in sugar beet, and lay a foundation for further research of the biological functions of BZR genes in sugar beet.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Beta vulgaris/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Sequência Conservada/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Plantas , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética , Filogenia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
10.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(17): 17797-17808, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037535

RESUMO

Efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae strain (IMI330189) and Mad1 protein alone or in combination by feeding method to overcome immune-related enzymes and Toll-like pathway genes was investigated in migratory locust. M. anisopliae (IMI330189) is a potent and entomopathogenic fungal strain could be effectively used against insect pests. Similarly, Mad1 protein adheres to insect cuticle, causing virulence to insects. We confirmed maximum 55% of mortality when M. anisopliae (IMI330189) and Mad1 was applied in combination. Similarly, increased PO activity was observed in locust with combined dose of Mad1 + IMI330189 whereas PO, POD, and SOD activities reduced using Mad1 independently. Four Toll-like signaling pathway genes (MyD88, Cactus, Pelle, and CaN) were investigated from midgut and body of the migratory locust after 72 h of treatments. Subsequently, the expression of MyD88 in the midgut and body significantly decreased with the application of Mad1 and Mad1 + IMI330189. Performance of these treatments was absolutely non-consistent in both parts of insects. Meanwhile, IMI330189 significantly raised the expression of Cactus in both midgut and body. However, the combined treatment (Mad1 + IMI330189) significantly reduced the Cactus expression in both body parts. Pelle expression was significantly increased in the midgut with the application of independent treatment of Mad1 and IMI330189 whereas the combined treatment (Mad1 + IMI330189) suppressed the Pelle expression in midgut. Its expression level was absolutely higher in body with the application of IMI330189 and Mad1 + IMI330189 only. On the other hand, Mad1 significantly increased the expression of CaN in midgut. However, all three treatments significantly affected and suppressed the expression of CaN gene in body of locust. This shows that the applications of M. anisopliae and Mad1 protein significantly affected Toll signaling pathway genes, which ultimately increased level of susceptibility of locust. However, their effect was significantly different in both parts of locust which recommends that the Toll-related genes are conserved in midgut instead of locust body.


Assuntos
Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Gafanhotos/microbiologia , Metarhizium , Migração Animal , Animais , Genes de Insetos , Gafanhotos/enzimologia , Controle de Insetos/métodos , Insetos , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Virulência
11.
Infect Genet Evol ; 73: 139-145, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048077

RESUMO

Guangdong Province is one of the most developed and populous provinces in southern China. The subtype situation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Guangdong remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate and estimate the HCV subtypes in drug users (DU) using a city-based sampling strategy to better understand the characteristics of HCV transmission in Guangdong. Archived plasma samples (n = 1074) from DU who were anti-HCV positive in 2014 were selected randomly from 20 cities in Guangdong Province. Subtypes were determined based on core and/or E1 sequences using phylogenetic analysis. The distributions of HCV subtypes in DU and different regions were analyzed. A total of 8 genotypes were identified. The three main HCV subtypes in DU in Guangdong were 6a (63.0%), 3a (15.2%), and 3b (11.8%). Significant differences were discovered among different registered residency and regions but not among genders, marital status, education level, or drug use patterns. HCV subtype 3b was significantly higher in Guangdong residents than in non-Guangdong residents. In contrast, HCV subtype 6a was significantly lower in Guangdong residents than in non-Guangdong residents. Subtype 1b in eastern Guangdong (eastern) was significantly lower, while 6a was significantly higher when compared with other regions. Subtype 3a in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region was significantly higher, while 3b was significantly lower when compared with other regions. In western Guangdong, HCV subtype 3a was significantly lower when compared with other regions. Additionally, in northern Guangdong subtypes 1b and 3b were significantly higher, while 6a was significantly lower when compared with other regions. Our study revealed the diversity and distribution of HCV subtypes in DU in nearly all the cities in Guangdong. The results provide essential information that will allow the establishment of specific intervention strategies that may help prevent HCV transmission.

12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(5): 925-935, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982609

RESUMO

Colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) plays key roles in regulating development and function of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, including microglia and osteoclasts. Mono-allelic mutations of CSF1R are known to cause hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we report seven affected individuals from three unrelated families who had bi-allelic CSF1R mutations. In addition to early-onset HDLS-like neurological disorders, they had brain malformations and skeletal dysplasia compatible to dysosteosclerosis (DOS) or Pyle disease. We identified five CSF1R mutations that were homozygous or compound heterozygous in these affected individuals. Two of them were deep intronic mutations resulting in abnormal inclusion of intron sequences in the mRNA. Compared with Csf1r-null mice, the skeletal and neural phenotypes of the affected individuals appeared milder and variable, suggesting that at least one of the mutations in each affected individual is hypomorphic. Our results characterized a unique human skeletal phenotype caused by CSF1R deficiency and implied that bi-allelic CSF1R mutations cause a spectrum of neurological and skeletal disorders, probably depending on the residual CSF1R function.

13.
J Med Genet ; 56(9): 622-628, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a common vertebral malformation. Spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterised by multiple vertebral malformations and rib anomalies. In a previous study, a compound heterozygosity for a null mutation and a risk haplotype composed by three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in TBX6 have been reported as a disease-causing model of CS. Another study identified bi-allelic missense variants in a SCD patient. The purpose of our study is to identify TBX6 variants in CS and SCD and examine their pathogenicity. METHODS: We recruited 200 patients with CS or SCD and investigated TBX6 variants. We evaluated the pathogenicity of the variants by in silico prediction and in vitro experiments. RESULTS: We identified five 16p11.2 deletions, one splice-site variant and five missense variants in 10 patients. In vitro functional assays for missense variants identified in the previous and present studies demonstrated that most of the variants caused abnormal localisation of TBX6 proteins. We confirmed mislocalisation of TBX6 proteins in presomitic mesoderm cells induced from SCD patient-derived iPS cells. In induced cells, we found decreased mRNA expressions of TBX6 and its downstream genes were involved in somite formation. All CS patients with missense variants had the risk haplotype in the opposite allele, while a SCD patient with bi-allelic missense variants did not have the haplotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that bi-allelic loss of function variants of TBX6 cause a spectrum of phenotypes including CS and SCD, depending on the severity of the loss of TBX6 function.

14.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791211

RESUMO

Rice is a major source of cadmium (Cd) intake for Asian people. Indica rice usually accumulates more Cd in shoots and grains than Japonica rice. However, underlying genetic bases for differential Cd accumulation between Indica and Japonica rice are still unknown. In this study, we cloned a quantitative trait locus (QTL) grain Cd concentration on chromosome 7 (GCC7) responsible for differential grain Cd accumulation between two rice varieties by performing QTL analysis and map-based cloning. We found that the two GCC7 alleles, GCC7PA64s and GCC793-11 , had different promoter activity of OsHMA3, leading to different OsHMA3 expression and different shoot and grain Cd concentrations. By analyzing the distribution of different haplotypes of GCC7 among diverse rice accessions, we discovered that the high and low Cd accumulation alleles, namely GCC793-11 and GCC7PA64s , were preferentially distributed in Indica and Japonica rice, respectively. We further showed that the GCC7PA64s allele can be used to replace the GCC793-11 allele in the super cultivar 93-11 to reduce grain Cd concentration without adverse effect on agronomic traits. Our results thus reveal that the QTL GCC7 with sequence variation in the OsHMA3 promoter is an important determinant controlling differential grain Cd accumulation between Indica and Japonica rice.

15.
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) ; 103(3): 705-712, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761631

RESUMO

The high rate of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle of dairy calves can benefit their first lactation even lifetime milk yield. Since the rate of protein synthesis is relatively low in the post-absorptive state, the aim of this research was to determine whether leucine supplementation could increase the post-absorptive essential amino acid (EAA) utilization and protein synthesis in the skeletal muscle. Ten male neonatal dairy calves (38 ± 3 kg) were randomly assigned to either the control (CON, no leucine supplementation, n = 5) or supplementation with 1.435 g leucine/L milk (LEU, n = 5). Results showed that leucine significantly increased the length and protein concentration in longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle, whereas it decreased creatinine concentration and glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (GOT) activity. Compared to the control group, leucine supplementation also reduced the glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) activity. Supplementation of leucine improved the phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1) and substrates ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (p70S6K). Supplementation of leucine resulted in increased concentrations of glucose, methionine, threonine, histidine and EAAs and decreased concentration of arginine in serum. Liver glucose concentration was higher and pyranic acid was lower in LEU compared to CON. In conclusion, leucine supplementation can promote post-absorptive EAA utilization and hepatic gluconeogenesis, which contributes to protein synthesis in skeletal muscle of dairy calves.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos Essenciais/metabolismo , Gluconeogênese/fisiologia , Leucina/farmacologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Musculares/biossíntese , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Glucose/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória
16.
Hepatol Res ; 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656798

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to evaluate effects of RC-3095 on mice with hepatic ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) injury and further explore the possible underlying mechanism. METHODS: Mice were subjected to partial hepatic ischemia for 60 min followed by different durations of reperfusion. Levels of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and GRP receptor (GRPR) in the blood and liver were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or western blotting (WB) after 3, 6, 12, or 24 h of reperfusion. RC-3095 or normal saline (control) was given i.p. at the time of reperfusion. Expressions of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 in blood and liver samples were examined with ELISA. Neutrophil influx into the liver was assessed by flow cytometry and myeloperoxidase assay. Hematoxylin-eosin staining of the liver and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay were used to determine hepatic injury and hepatocellular necrosis. Activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and p38/extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK) mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) was investigated with WB. RESULTS: The expression of GRP was upregulated within 3 h after reperfusion and remained elevated for up to 24 h in the liver, whereas GRPR was also upregulated after 3 or 6 h of reperfusion, but returned to baseline levels within 24 h. RC-3095 significantly reduced the inflammatory hepatic injury, liver neutrophil accumulation, and hepatocellular apoptosis, probably by inhibiting activation of NF-κB or p38/ERK MAPK. CONCLUSION: These findings supported that GRP-GRPR played an important role in hepatic I/R injury, and RC-3095 ameliorated liver damage by suppressing the inflammatory response and hepatocellular necrosis.

17.
Int J Oncol ; 54(3): 807-820, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664191

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has indicated that the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is involved in the pathogenesis o retinoblastoma (RB); however, the potential role of miR­98 in RB remains elusive. In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR­98 is downregulated in RB tissues and cell lines, and its expression significantly associated with clinicopathological features, including differentiation, N classification and largest tumor base; patients with low miR­98 expression levels exhibited significantly poorer overall survival. Overexpression of miR­98 was suggested to suppress RB cell growth, migration and invasion. In addition, insulin­like growth factor­1 receptor (IGF1R), a well­reported oncogene, was identified as a potential target of miR­98 via a luciferase assay, reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Correlation analysis revealed a significantly negative correlation between miR­98 and IGF1R expression in tumor tissues (n=60). In addition, the results of the present study demonstrated that IGF1R function as an oncogene by promoting RB cell viability, migration and invasion. Furthermore, restoration of IGF1R was observed to reverse the anticancer effects of miR­98 on RB cell viability, migration and invasion. Importantly, the findings of the present study indicated that miR­98 suppressed RB cell growth and metastasis by inhibiting the IGF1R/k­Ras/Raf/mitogen activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal­regulated kinase signaling pathway. Collectively, the present study proposed that miR­98 may serve as a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in the treatment of RB.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores de Somatomedina/metabolismo , Retinoblastoma/mortalidade , Retinoblastoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Somatomedina/genética , Retinoblastoma/genética , Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
J Hum Genet ; 64(3): 261-264, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531807

RESUMO

Spondylocostal dysostosis (SCDO) is a heterogeneous group of skeletal disorders characterized by multiple segmentation defects involving vertebrae and ribs. Seven disease genes have been reported as causal genes for SCDO: DLL3, MESP2, TBX6, HES7, RIPPLY2, DMRT2, and LFNG. Here we report a Japanese SCDO case with multiple severe vertebral anomalies from cervical to sacral spine. The patient was a compound heterozygote for c.372delG (p.K124Nfs*) and c.601G>A (p.D201N) variants of LFNG, which encodes a glycosyltransferase (O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase). The missense variant was in the DxD motif, an active-site motif of the glycosyltransferase, and its loss of the enzyme function was confirmed by an in vitro enzyme assay. This is the second report of LFNG mutations in SCDO.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Glicosiltransferases/genética , Hérnia Diafragmática/genética , Hexosiltransferases/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Hérnia Diafragmática/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Homologia de Sequência
19.
Biosci Rep ; 39(1)2019 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563927

RESUMO

This study was investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of leucine and phenylalanine on the development of the gastrointestinal tract and the intestinal digestive enzyme activity in male Holstein dairy calves. Twenty calves with a body weight of 38 ± 3 kg at 1 day of age were randomly divided into four groups: a control group, a leucine group (1.435 g·l-1), a phenylalanine group (0.725 g·l-1), and a mixed amino acid group (1.435 g·l-1 leucine plus 0.725 g·l-1 phenylalanine). The supplementation of leucine decreased the short-circuit current (Isc) of the rumen and duodenum (P<0.01); phenylalanine did not show any influence on the Isc of rumen and duodenum (P>0.05), and also counteracted the Isc reduction caused by leucine. Leucine increased the trypsin activity at the 20% relative site of the small intestine (P<0.05). There was no difference in the activity of α-amylase and of lactase in the small intestinal chyme among four treatments (P>0.05). The trypsin activity in the anterior segment of the small intestine was higher than other segments, whereas the α-amylase activity in the posterior segment of the small intestine was higher than other segments. Leucine can reduce Isc of the rumen and duodenum, improve the development of the gastrointestinal tract, and enhance trypsin activity; phenylalanine could inhibit the effect of leucine in promoting intestinal development.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Intestino Delgado/enzimologia , Leucina/farmacologia , Fenilalanina/farmacologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Bovinos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestino Delgado/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactase/metabolismo , Masculino , Leite , Tripsina/metabolismo , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
20.
Chin Med ; 13: 60, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30524499

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) have a long history of use because of its potential complementary therapy and fewer adverse effects. However, the toxicity and safety issues of TCM have drawn considerable attention in the past two decades. Metabolomics is an "omics" approach that aims to comprehensively analyze all metabolites in biological samples. In agreement with the holistic concept of TCM, metabolomics has shown great potential in efficacy and toxicity evaluation of TCM. Recently, a large amount of metabolomic researches have been devoted to exploring the mechanism of toxicity induced by TCM, such as hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and cardiotoxicity. In this paper, the application of metabolomics in toxicity evaluation of bioactive compounds, TCM extracts and TCM prescriptions are reviewed, and the potential problems and further perspectives for application of metabolomics in toxicological studies are also discussed.

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