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1.
Talanta ; 237: 122960, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736685

RESUMO

H2S has been reported to play essential roles in a variety of physiological and pathological procedures. In this work, a novel fluorescent probe, Rho-HS, for detecting H2S was developed by introducing the ortho-halogen to activate the least reactive recognition group 2,4-dinitrophenyl moiety. In combination of the structures from both Rhodamine B and fluorescein, Rho-HS could generate both the colorimetric and fluorescent responses. This feature was not frequently achieved and could lead to the quantitative and convenient for the end-user. In comparison with recent probes for H2S, the major advantages of Rho-HS included suiting wide pH range (6.0-10.0), relatively rapid response (within 15 min) and the high selectivity among the competing species including the biothiols. With low cytoxicity, Rho-HS was further applied in the biological imaging in living MCF-7 cells and Caenorhabditis elegans. We hope that the designing strategy in this work might provide useful information for more preferable implements in this field.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Xantonas , Fluoresceína , Corantes Fluorescentes , Imagem Óptica
2.
J Affect Disord ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although undergoing antidepressant treatments, many patients continue to struggle with chronic depression episode. Seeking the potential biomarkers and establishing a predictive model of clinical improvements is vital to optimize personalized management of depression. Mounting evidence showed thyroid hormones changes are central to leading paradigms of depression. METHODS: Here, we conducted a real-world based retrospective study using clinical and biochemical data of 2086 depressive inpatients during period of 2014-2020. We first performed regression analyses to evaluate the contributing effect of free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in predicting the clinical outcomes of depression. Then we established 7 predictive models using different combination of such hormones by supervised learning methods and tested the actual prediction efficacy on clinical outcomes, in order to select the one with the best predictive power. RESULTS: The results showed that lower values of FT3 and FT4 can both predict a poor clinical outcome in depression. Further, a model with the best performance was selected (sensitivity=0.91, specificity=0.79, and ROC-AUC=0.86), including the values of FT3 and FT4, and the scores of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) as features. LIMITATIONS: The predictive model requires further external validation, and multi-center researches to confirm its clinical applicability. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings present a crucial role of thyroid measurements in predicting clinical outcomes of depression. Assessment of thyroid hormone should be extended to routine practice settings to determine which patients should be most in need of earlier or intensive interventions for preventing continued dysfunction.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(45): 13618-13627, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735150

RESUMO

Using Sprague-Dawley rats and rat PC12 cells treated with sodium fluoride (NaF), we investigated the effects of SIK2-CRTC1 signaling on the neurobehavioral toxicity induced by fluoride. The in vivo results demonstrated that NaF treatment induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in juvenile rats, resulting in histological and ultrastructural abnormalities in the rat hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex. Moreover, NaF exposure induced neuronal loss and excessive apoptosis. We also found that NaF elevated the expression of SIK2 and reduced the expression of CRTC1, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and VGF. The in vitro results showed that NaF suppressed cell viability, induced SIK2-CRTC1 signaling dysfunction, and caused excessive apoptosis in PC12 cells. Notably, targeted knockout of SIK2 with SIK2-siRNA or blocking of SIK2-CRTC1 signaling with 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) (as well as venlafaxine) can reduce apoptosis and increase cell viability in vitro. These findings suggest that neuronal death resulting from abnormal SIK2-CRTC1 signaling contributes to neurobehavioral toxicity induced by fluoride.


Assuntos
Depressão , Fluoretos , Animais , Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Ansiedade/genética , Apoptose , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Depressão/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição
4.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101788, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786845

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and the major pathological factor of most cardiovascular diseases, leading to ≈1/3 of deaths worldwide. Improving local delivery of anti-inflammatory drugs to the site of atherosclerosis has significant promise to prevent the development of atherosclerotic plaque clinically. Here, a modified-macrophage-membrane-coated nanoparticle drug delivery able to transport colchicine to the atherosclerotic site is reported. This hybrid system efficiently targets endothelial cells under an inflammatory environment while escaping the endocytosis of macrophages. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of the modified-macrophage-membrane-coated nanoparticles on foam cells is studied. In vivo, the migration of the modified-macrophage-membrane-coated nanoparticles to atherosclerotic lesions is confirmed in a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque mouse model. Intravenous injections of the hybrid system successfully reduce the lipid plaque load and improve the plaque stability. This strategy provides a potential therapeutic system for the targeted delivery of anti-inflammatory drugs to the atherosclerotic site for the treatment of atherosclerosis in cardiovascular diseases.

5.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 239: 113879, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758947

RESUMO

A total of 649 children aged 7-13 years of age were recruited in a cross-sectional study in Tongxu County, China (2017) to assess the effects of interaction between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SOD2 and SOD3 gene and fluoride exposure on dental fluorosis (DF) status. Associations between biomarkers and DF status were evaluated. Logistic regression suggested that the risk of DF in children with rs10370 GG genotype and rs5746136 TT genotype was 1.89-fold and 1.72-fold than that in children with TT/CC genotype, respectively. Increased T-SOD activity was associated with a lower risk of DF (OR = 0.99). The rs2855262*rs10370*UF model was regarded as the optimal interaction model in generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction analyses. Our findings suggested that rs4880 and rs10370 might be useful genetic markers for DF, and there might be interactions among rs10370 in SOD2, rs2855262 in SOD3, and fluoride exposure on DF status.

6.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 277, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809627

RESUMO

Mutations in the Forkhead Box C1 (FOXC1) are known to cause autosomal dominant hereditary Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, which is a genetic disorder characterized by ocular and systemic features including glaucoma, variable dental defects, craniofacial dysmorphism and hearing loss. Due to late-onset of ocular disorders and lack of typical presentation, clinical diagnosis presents a huge challenge. In this study, we described a pathogenic in-frame variant in FOXC1 in one 5-year-old boy who is presented with hypertelorism, pupil deformation in both eyes, conductive hearing loss, and dental defects. By whole exome sequencing, we identified a 3 bp deletion in FOXC1, c.516_518delGCG (p.Arg173del) as the disease-causing variant, which was de novo and not detected in the parents, and could be classified as a "pathogenic variant" according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines. After confirmation of this FOXC1 variant, clinical data on Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome-associated clinical features were collected and analyzed. Furthermore, Although the affected individual present hearing loss, however, the hearing loss is conductive and is reversible during the follow-up, which might not linke to the FOXC1 variant and is coincidental. Routine examination of FOXC1 is necessary for the genetic diagnosis of hypertelorism-associated syndrome. These findings may assist clinicians in reaching correct clinical and molecular diagnoses, and providing appropriate genetic counseling.

7.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739677

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element for the body. Studies have confirmed that Zn deficiency can cause oxidative stress. The purpose of the present study was designed to investigate the effect of Zn on fibrosis in lung of mice and its mechanism. Mice were fed with different Zn levels dietary, then we found that the Zn-deficient diet induced a decrease of Zn level in lung tissue. The results also revealed the alveolar structure hyperemia and an inflammatory exudated in the alveolar cavity. Moreover, immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) increased. And the Sirius red staining indicated an increase in collagen with Zn deficiency. Furthermore, oxygen radicals (ROS) levels were significantly increased, and the antioxidants were significantly decreased. Meanwhile, inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-1ß) were remarkably increased, and the ELISA results showed that collagen I, III, and IV and fibronectin (FN) were increased. In addition, the expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMPs) were detected by qPCR. The results showed that the expression of TIMPs was increased but the expression of MMPs was decreased. The results of the experiment in vitro were consistent with that in vivo. All the results indicated that Zn deficiency aggravated the oxidative stress response of lung tissue to induce inflammation, leading to fibrosis in lung.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 53: 128420, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728369

RESUMO

In this paper, a new class of novel sulfonamides incorporating aminosaccharide tails were designed and synthesized based on the sugar-tail approach. Then, all the novel compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against three carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoenzymes (hCA I, hCA II and hCA IX). Interestingly, effective inhibition of these three CA isoforms were observed, especially the glaucoma associated isoform hCA II. It is worth noting that these glycoconjugated sulfonamide derivatives also showed better CA inhibitory effects compared to the initial segment carzenide. Among them, compound 8d was the most effective inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM against hCA II. Subsequent physicochemical properties studies showed that all compounds have good water solubility and neutral pH values in solutions. And these important physicochemical properties make target compounds acquire obvious advantages in the preparation of topical and nonirritating antiglaucoma drugs. Moreover, the target compounds showed lower corneal cytotoxicity than acetazolamide (AAZ) and good metabolic stability in vitro. In addition, molecular docking studies confirmed the interactions between aminosaccharide fragment and hydrophilic subpocket of hCA II active site were crucial for the enhanced CA inhibitory activity. Taken together, these results suggested 8d would be a promising lead compound for the development of topical antiglaucoma CAIs.

9.
Integr Med Res ; 10(4): 100778, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608432

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused more than 180 million infections and 3.9 million deaths. To date, emerging clinical evidence has shown the synergetic benefits of Chinese herbal injections in treating this contagious respiratory disease. This review aims to summarize and analyze the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal injections in the therapy of COVID-19. Methods: The literature from 3 electronic databases, PubMed, CNKI, and Web of Science, were searched using the search terms "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2", "traditional Chinese medicine", "herb", "herbal", and "injection". Then the identified articles were comprehensively evaluated. Results: Limited data demonstrated that Chinese herbal injections could significantly improve the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients, especially in combination with conventional treatment strategies. The benefits of which were mainly associated with the relief of symptoms, prevention of secondary infection, regulation of inflammation and immune function. There was also evidence showing the inhibitory effects on SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro. Nevertheless, available real-world data suggested the increased risk of adverse event. Furthermore, the defects of existing researches and the insights for discovering novel antiviral drugs were prospectively discussed. Conclusion: Evidence-based advances revealed that Chinese herbal injections such as XueBiJing injection and ShenMai injection, exerted potent effects against COVID-19. Further laboratory researches and clinical evaluation are needed to gather scientific evidence on the efficacy and safety.

10.
Chemistry ; 27(66): 16415-16421, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599532

RESUMO

The assembly of two tripyridinium-tricarboxylate ligands and different metal ions leads to seven isostructural MOFs, which show novel 2D→2D supramolecular entanglement featuring catenane-like interlocking of tricyclic cages. The MOFs show tripyridinium-afforded and metal-modulated photoresponsive properties. The MOFs with d10 metal centers (1-Cd, 1-Zn, 2-Cd, 2-Zn) show fast and reversible photochromism and concomitant fluorescence quenching, 1-Ni displays slower photochromism but does not fluoresce, and 1-Co and 2-Co are neither photochromic nor fluorescent. It is shown here that the network entanglement dictates donor-acceptor close contacts, which enable fluorescence originated from interligand charge transfer. The contacts also allow photoinduced electron transfer, which underlies photochromism and concomitant fluorescence response. The metal dependence in fluorescence and photochromism can be related to energy transfer through metal-centered d-d transitions. In addition, 1-Cd is demonstrated to be a potential fluorescence sensor for sensitive and selective detection of UO2 2+ in water.

11.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 532, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vertigo and dizziness (VD) are among the most frequently seen symptoms in clinics and are important for medical students, especially for those in Chinese standardized residency training (SRT). The aim of our study was to examine the PAL method's feasibility in the clinical teaching of VD-related diseases for SRT students in China. METHODS: This is a randomized, controlled, multicenter study. A total of 228 residents were invited to participate in this study, of which 198 completed the program. The students were randomized into two groups, and VD-related diseases were taught using lecture-based learning (control group) or peer-assisted learning (PAL). An examination paper and a rating scale were used to evaluate students' performance in the mastery of VD-related theoretical knowledge and clinical skills, meanwhile students' perceptions, satisfaction, and risk of burnout were also analyzed using a questionnaire. Independent-samples t-test and chi-square analysis were performed to evaluate statistical significance for continuous variables and categorical variables, respectively, using SPSS 18.0 software. RESULTS: The PAL group performed better in mastering theoretical knowledge and clinical skills than the control group. And more students believed that PAL could help improve their personal qualities such as teamwork skills. However, more students reported that PAL increased the risk of burnout. CONCLUSIONS: PAL was a suitable and effective method in the clinical teaching of some specialized diseases, especially it was recommended for students who had gained initial knowledge and skills, such as Chinese SRT students. However, we should draw attention to the increased risk of burnout if PAL is intended to be widely used in clinical teaching. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN53773239 , 05/07/2021, retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Internato e Residência , Estudantes de Medicina , China , Tontura , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Ensino , Vertigem/diagnóstico
12.
Biofactors ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652043

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3 ), an air pollutant in the living environment, has many toxic effects on various tissues and organs. However, the underlying mechanisms of NH3 -induced tracheal cell autophagy remains poorly understood. In present study, chickens and LMH cells were used as NH3 exposure models to investigate toxic effects. The change of tracheal tissues ultrastructure showed that NH3 exposure induced autolysosomes. The differential expression of 12 circularRNAs (circRNAs) was induced by NH3 exposure using circRNAs transcriptome analysis in broiler tracheas. We further found that circ-IFNLR1 was down-regulated, and miR-2188-5p was up-regulated in tracheal tissues under NH3 exposure. Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter system showed that circ-IFNLR1 bound directly to miR-2188-5p and regulated each other, and miR-2188-5p regulated RNF182. Overexpression of miR-2188-5p caused autophagy and its inhibition partially reversed autophagy in LMH cells which were caused by ammonia stimulation or knockdown of circ-IFNLR1. The expressions of three autophagy-related genes (LC3, Beclin 1, and BNIP3) were observably up-regulated. Our results indicated that NH3 exposure caused autophagy through circ-IFNLR1/miR-2188-5p/RNF182. These results provided new insights for the study of ammonia on environmental toxicology on ceRNA and circRNAs in vivo and vitro.

13.
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582282

RESUMO

The degradation time is a crucial factor in evaluating the performance of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) stents. Bulk degradation mode was commonly used to analyze the stent degradation behavior by finite element approach. However, the PLGA stents may present surface degradation more than bulk degradation under certain conditions, which will greatly affect the degradation time after implantation. In this study, the degradation processes of the poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) stent were reproduced utilizing finite element analysis. Both bulk degradation and surface degradation modes were considered. The correlation between tensile stress and degradation rate was investigated. The degradation time was analyzed selectively. The stress distribution, fracture, and mass loss were also compared between bulk degradation mode and surface degradation mode. The simulation results showed that, in both evolution modes, the degradation began at the 'peak-valley' region and fracture occurred at the cross of links and rings. Additionally, high levels of Von-Mises stress were observed in these two regions. Compared with bulk degradation, the fracture time of the stent was delayed by 63% in the surface degradation mode. In conclusion, the mass loss rate and scaffolding period showed great differences between surface degradation and bulk degradation. Based on this study, it is suggested that bulk degradation mode is not applicable to the case of inadequate water uptake mode, such as the tracheal stent degradation process. More experimental research should be carried out to accurately predict the scaffolding period after implantation. The mechanical properties of the fracture zone should be strengthened.

15.
J Microsc ; 284(3): 244-255, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494267

RESUMO

The adhesion between asphalt binder and aggregate is very important to the performance and durability of asphalt pavement. In order to explore the characterisation of modified asphalt binder in microstructure during aging and rejuvenation, the virgin asphalt binder and three kinds of modified asphalt binder (styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymer (SBS), rubber powder and high viscosity and high elasticity [HVHE] modifier) in different aging and rejuvenation condition were prepared. The micromorphology and surface adhesion were measured by atomic force microscopy. The average roughness value was used as the index to evaluate the micromorphology of asphalt binder. The surface adhesion was used as the index to evaluate the adhesion properties of asphalt binder. Results show that the "bee" structure of SBS-modified asphalt binder increased slightly after long-term aging, and the recovery effect of aromatics oil was the closest to that of the unaged one. The rubber powder-modified asphalt binder and HVHE-modified asphalt binder showed the spot structure. And no matter for short-term aging or long-term aging, aromatics oil had the best recovery effect on micro morphology. The adhesion of the three modified asphalts would decrease gradually after aging. The effects of three kinds of rejuvenator on the adhesion of SBS-modified asphalt binder and rubber powder-modified asphalt binder were different. Rejuvenator, aromatic oil and warm mix asphalt mixture (WMA) additive could rejuvenate the loss of adhesion of HVHE-modified asphalt binder to a certain extent.

16.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 235, 2021 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a biomarker for better outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, this conclusion is controversial. In addition, MSs can be a useful marker for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of genes, but this finding has not been well studied. Here, we aimed to clarify the predictive value of MSI/LOH within tumor-related genes in CRC. METHODS: We detected MSI/LOH of MSs in tumor-related genes and the Bethesda (B5) panel by STR scanning and cloning/sequencing. We further analyzed the relationship between MSI/LOH status and clinical features or outcomes by Pearson's Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The findings indicated that the MSI rates of B5 loci were all higher than those of loci in tumor-related genes. Interestingly, MSI/LOH of 2 loci in the B5 panel and 12 loci in tumor-related genes were associated with poorer outcomes, while MSI/LOH of the B5 panel failed to predict outcomes in CRC. MSI of BAT25, MSI/LOH of BAT26 and MSI of the B5 panel showed closer relationships with mucinous carcinoma. In addition, LOH-H of the B5 panel was associated with increased lymphatic metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, MSI/LOH of certain loci or the whole panel of B5 is related to clinical features, and several loci within tumor-related genes showed prognostic value in the outcomes of CRC.

18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 694933, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367978

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly malignant tumor and is insensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, as it is highly correlated with its complex tumor microenvironment (TME). A comprehensive description of PDAC's immune microenvironment at the pathological level has not been reported, thus limiting its treatment. Previous studies have shown that large-section histopathology (LSH) can reveal the complete structure and margin of the tumor on a single slice and effectively reflect intratumoral heterogeneity. LSH, as opposed to classic small-section histopathology (SSH), can also be used to explore the infiltration state of immune cells in different regions. In the current study, EnVision immunohistochemical staining was used to explore the panoramic distribution of CD4-, CD8-, CD15-, CD20-, and CD56 (surface markers of helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, neutrophils, B cells, and NK cells, respectively)-positive cells in 102 pairs of paraffin wax-embedded PDAC samples (LSH vs SSH) for the first time. These indicators were then analyzed, and correlations of clinicopathological characteristics with clinical prognoses were analyzed. The findings of this study show that LSH can effectively indicate more immune cells than SSH. Upregulated CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD56 or downregulated CD15 was correlated with a good prognosis in PDAC patients. However, analysis of SSH showed that only upregulated CD4 and CD8 can be used as indicators of a good prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that 7 variables, namely, pTNM stage (P=0.002), PDL1 expression (P=0.001), CDX2 expression (P=0.008), DPC4 expression (P=0.004), CD4 expression in LSH (P<0.001), CD8 expression in LSH (P=0.010) and CD15 expression in LSH (P=0.031), were significantly correlated with the prognosis of PDAC patients. The findings of this study indicate that LSH is an effective tool for a panoramic assessment of the immune microenvironment in pancreatic cancer patients.

19.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(11): 939, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350254

RESUMO

Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a common and lethal hematopoietic malignancy that is highly dependent on the immune microenvironment. However, light has yet to be shed on the landscape of adaptive immunity-related genes. This work aimed to uncover the novel molecular events in AML and potential therapeutic strategies for AML treatment. Methods: For the current research, the transcriptional information of 732 genes that participate in adaptive immunity was collected from 173 patients with AML, and the patients were grouped into different cohorts based on the different expression patterns. The correlations between gene expression and clinical characteristics, including prognosis, were studied. Results: According to the notably different expressions of adaptive immunity-related genes, the 173 patients were divided into 2 clusters and 3 subclusters. No significant differences in overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) were detected between the clusters or subclusters. There were obvious discrepancies found in age, peripheral blood (PB) blast percentage, and French-American-British (FAB) classification between each cluster or subcluster. The patients in cluster 1 were older and more of them had M5 type; the patients in cluster 2 were younger and more of them had M2 type. Further, 81 genes were significantly correlated with age and 101 genes were significantly correlated with PB blast percentage. Comparison of the prognosis between each FAB type revealed that patients with M3 type displayed the most favorable OS and PFS. Among the differentially expressed genes (DEGs), CLEC2B expression was much lower in M2 patients than in patients with other types (P<0.001), and its high expression indicated a worse outcome (12.4 vs. 46.5 months of OS). Conclusions: This study has uncovered the expression profile of adaptive immunity-related genes in AML. The different gene expression patterns are not associated with survival, but are significantly correlated the FAB types. CLEC2B expression is low in patients with M2 type and is negatively correlated with prognosis, thus revealing a potential therapeutic target for AML.

20.
Pathogens ; 10(7)2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358031

RESUMO

The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a global concern. Immunoglobin A (IgA) contributes to virus neutralization at the early stage of infection. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess whether SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA production persists for a longer time in patients recovered from severe COVID-19 and its lasting symptoms that can have disabling consequences should also be alerted to susceptible hosts. Here, we tracked the anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor-binding domain (RBD) antibody levels in a cohort of 88 COVID-19 patients. We found that 52.3% of the patients produced more anti-SARS-CoV-2 RBD IgA than IgG or IgM, and the levels of IgA remained stable during 4-41 days of infection. One of these IgA-dominant COVID-19 patients, concurrently with IgA nephropathy (IgAN), presented with elevated serum creatinine and worse proteinuria during the infection, which continued until seven months post-infection. The serum levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 RBD and total IgA were higher in this patient than in healthy controls. Changes in the composition of the intestinal microbiota, increased IgA highly coated bacteria, and elevated concentration of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 were indicative of potential involvement of intestinal dysbiosis and inflammation to the systemic IgA level and, consequently, the disease progression. Collectively, our work highlighted the potential adverse effect of the mucosal immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection, and that additional care should be taken with COVID-19 patients presenting with chronic diseases such as IgAN.

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