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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 126: 112143, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082954

RESUMO

Microbial contamination of water represents a great threat to the public health that has attracted worldwide attention. In this work, polypyrrole magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PPy NPs) with sterilization properties were fabricated. More specifically, the Fe3O4@PPy NPs obtained via aqueous dispersion polymerization and an in situ chemical oxidative polymerization exhibited a cationic surface and high photothermal conversion efficiency. More than 50% of bacteria adsorption can be achieved at a dosage of 100 µg/mL Fe3O4@PPy NPs under magnetic field, and high photothermal sterilization efficacy (~100%) can be obtained upon NIR exposure at the same dosage for 10 min. Noteworthy, the Fe3O4@PPy NPs can be recycled by magnetism and reused without affecting their photothermal sterilization capability. This study clearly provides experimental evidence of the great potential of Fe3O4@PPy NPs as stable and reusable nanocomposite materials for bacteria adsorption and photothermal sterilization performance. The application of Fe3O4@PPy NPs can realize enviromental-friendly bacterial contaminated water treatment as well as provide stratgies for synergistical antibacterial materials design.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Polímeros , Bactérias , Fototerapia , Pirróis
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983610

RESUMO

Pesticides and nanoparticles may coexist in soil; however, influences of nanoparticles on accumulation of pesticides in terrestrial organisms are still unclear. This study aims to investigate the influences and mechanisms of metal oxide nanoparticles (nano ZnO and nano CuO) on accumulation of pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) in earthworms and their combined toxicity. The earthworms were cultivated in the soil spiked with nanoparticles (10, 50, 250 mg/kg) and PCNB (100 µg/kg) for 21 days. The concentrations of PCNB in earthworms in binary exposure treatments (PCNB + ZnO and PCNB + CuO) reached 2.47 and 3.13 times of that in individual PCNB exposure treatment, indicating that nanoparticles facilitated the accumulation of PCNB in earthworms. The contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in earthworms in treatments PCNB + ZnO 250 and PCNB + CuO 250 reached 379 and 316 fluorescence intensity/mg Protein, respectively, which were significantly higher than that in control group (183 fluorescence intensity/mg protein), indicating that nanoparticles would cause oxidative stress to earthworms. Earthworm coelomocytes were extracted from healthy earthworms and cultivated in culture media in cytotoxicity tests. Changes of intracellular ROS contents and cell viability suggested that PCNB and nanoparticles caused serious oxidative damage to earthworm coelomocytes, thus leading to the damage of cell membrane and cell death. In in vivo tests, changes of biomarkers (ROS and malondialdehyde) demonstrated that these pollutants injured the earthworms. Increased accumulation of PCNB in binary exposure treatments was due to the damage of body cavity caused by nanoparticles. This study provides a novel hypothesis for nanoparticles facilitating organic pollutants entering terrestrial organisms and determines whether nanoparticles would bring about greater environmental risks of other pollutants.

4.
Mol Cell Neurosci ; 114: 103630, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029694

RESUMO

LilrB2 is an Aß receptor with high affinity, which not only contributes to memory deficits but also mediates the loss of synaptic plasticity. Thus, Aß-LilrB2 interaction inhibitors (ALIs) might be a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease. In this study, an ELISA-based interaction assay was established as a novel approach to identify ALIs and was used to screen 110 compounds from a compound library. Among the 110 compounds, four compounds presented IC50 values lower than the positive control flusipirilene. The two phenyl-1,3,5-triazine derivatives (compound 103 and 104) displayed inhibitory activities with the IC50 of 0.23 µM and 0.05 µM respectively. The neuroprotection activities of the hit compounds were evaluated in SH-SY5Y cell line. Compound 104 presented good safety and neuroprotective effects against Aß. Further study of its effect on the downstream pathway of Aß indicated that compound 104 was able to reverse the Aß induced cofilin dephosphorylation, tau hyperphosphorylation and neurite outgrowth inhibition. The docking study showed that fluspirilene and compound 104 were favorably positioned into the Ben 3 and 4 binding pockets via their aromatic ring, which was similar to that reported for Aß. Based on these facts, compound 104 can be identified as a potential ALI which might be of therapeutic importance for AD treatment.

5.
Genes Genomics ; 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is an economically important crop for vegetable oil and protein production, and yield is a critical trait for grain/vegetable uses of soybean. However, our knowledge of the genes controlling the vegetable soybean yield remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the genetic basis of the vegetable soybean yield. METHODS: The 100-pod fresh weight (PFW), 100-seed fresh weight (SFW), kernel percent (KP) and moisture content of fresh seeds (MCFS) at the R6 stage are four yield-related traits for vegetable soybean. We investigated a soybean mini core collection composed of 224 germplasm accessions for four yield-related traits in two consecutive years. Based on 1514 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were conducted using a mixed linear model (MLM). RESULTS: Extensive phenotypic variation existed in the soybean mini core collection and significant positive correlations were shown among most of traits. A total of 16 SNP markers for PFW, SFW, KP and MCFS were detected in all environments via GWAS. Nine SNP markers were repeatedly identified in two environments. Among these markers, eight were located in or near regions where yield-related QTLs have been reported in previous studies, and one was a novel genetic locus identified in this study. In addition, we conducted candidate gene analysis to the large-effect SNP markers, a total of twelve genes were proposed as potential candidate genes of soybean yield at the R6 stage. CONCLUSION: These results will be beneficial for understanding the genetic basis of soybean yield at the R6 stage and facilitating the pyramiding of favourable alleles for future high-yield breeding by marker-assisted selection in vegetable soybean.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(17): e25691, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907144

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Primary vaginal malignant melanoma is a sporadic and very aggressive tumor that is treated through surgery or radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy. Since most cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage, the operation range is extensive, the quality of life is poor, and the prognosis is gloomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old woman presented irregular water-like leukorrhea for 1 month after 6 years of menopause. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed a 3.1 × 2.6 × 3.2 mass on the middle and lower part of the right vaginal wall. A gynecological examination revealed a 2 to 3 cm exophytic black mass in the lower-right part of the vaginal orifice. This mass was 2 cm from the urethral orifice. Furthermore, the mucosa of the anterior inferior vaginal wall had blackened and thickened, and there were some scattered black dots at the medial labia minora. DIAGNOSIS: Due to the patient's symptoms with radiographic findings, the postmenopausal woman was diagnosed with primary vaginal malignant melanoma. INTERVENTIONS: Surgery was done to remove the mass. The patient also underwent inguinal lymph node dissection, received immunotherapy, and was treated with nivolumab. OUTCOMES: After a 6-month follow-up period, the patient underwent a routine gynecological examination with negative radiological results. Moreover, no local recurrence or distant metastases were found. LESSONS: This patient showed a good response to immunotherapy. With this treatment method, the prognosis is better for advanced-stage women, especially those who cannot endure the surgery. Local lesion resection and inguinal lymph node dissection combined with immunotherapy are recommended. The case reported here may help treat similar clinical cases.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Vaginais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Vagina/patologia , Neoplasias Vaginais/patologia
7.
Gerontology ; : 1-9, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915544

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Frailty has gained increasing attention as it is by far the most prevalent geriatric condition amongst older patients which heavily impacts chronic health status. However, the relationship between frailty and adverse health outcomes in China is far from clear. This study explored the relation between frailty and a panel of adverse health outcomes. METHODS: We performed a multicentre cohort study of older inpatients at 6 large hospitals in China, with two-stage cluster sampling, from October 2018 to April 2019. Frailty was measured according to the FRAIL scale and categorized into robust, pre-frail, and frail. A multivariable logistic regression model and multilevel multivariable negative binomial regression model were used to analyse the relationship between frailty and adverse outcomes. Outcomes were length of hospitalization, as well as falls, readmission, and mortality at 30 and 90 days after enrolment. All regression models were adjusted for age, sex, BMI, surgery, and hospital ward. RESULTS: We included 9,996 inpatients (median age 72 years and 57.8% male). The overall mortality at 30 and 90 days was 1.23 and 1.88%, respectively. At 30 days, frailty was an independent predictor of falls (odds ratio [OR] 3.19; 95% CI 1.59-6.38), readmission (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.25-1.67), and mortality (OR 3.54; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.10-5.96), adjusted for age, sex, BMI, surgery, and hospital ward clustering effect. At 90 days, frailty had a strong predictive effect on falls (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.09-4.01), readmission (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.21-1.57), and mortality (OR 6.50; 95% CI 4.00-7.97), adjusted for age, sex, BMI, surgery, and hospital ward clustering effect. There seemed to be a dose-response association between frailty categories and fall or mortality, except for readmission. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is closely related to falls, readmission, and mortality at 30 or 90 days. Early identification and intervention for frailty amongst older inpatients should be conducted to prevent adverse outcomes.

8.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 7(1): 38, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879801

RESUMO

Dietary selection and intake affect the survival and health of mammals under extreme environmental conditions. It has been suggested that dietary composition is a key driver of gut microbiota variation; however, how gut microbiota respond to seasonal dietary changes under extreme natural conditions remains poorly understood. Sequencing plant trnL (UAA) region and 16S rRNA gene analysis were employed to determine dietary composition and gut microbiota in freely grazing yaks on the Tibetan plateau. Dietary composition was more diverse in winter than in summer, while Gramineae and Rosaceae were consumed frequently all year. Turnover of seasonal diet and gut microbiota composition occurred consistently. Yaks shifted enterotypes in response to dietary change between warm and cold seasons to best utilize nitrogen and energy, in particular in the harsh cold season. Our findings provide insights into understanding seasonal changes of diet-microbiota linkages in the adaptation of mammals to high altitudes.

9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 219: 113430, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865152

RESUMO

Metastasis is the main cause of death in cancer patients; therefore, new strategies or technologies that can inhibit the growth of primary tumors and their metastatic spread are extremely valuable. In this study, we selected an E-selectin-binding peptide as a targeting ligand and an inhibitor of metastasis, and conjugated this peptide with SN38 and PEG to produce an amphiphilic PEGylated peptide-drug conjugate (PDC). Novel self-assembled nanoparticles were then formed by the amphiphilic conjugate. The particles were actively targeted to the tumor vasculature by the peptide and passively to the tumor site by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. As a nano-prodrug, this multifunctional conjugate (PEG-Pep-SN38) could reduce tumor growth, with an effect similar to that of irinotecan. Moreover, it could prolong the survival of mice bearing primary HCT116 tumors, which was not observed for its parent drug, SN38, nor the clinical prodrug of SN38 (irinotecan). Furthermore, this PDC prodrug prevented B16-F10 colonization in the lungs of mice. This study describes a new tumor vasculature-targeting PDC nano-prodrug with convenient preparation and high potential for cancer therapy, with the potential to be applied to other chemotherapeutic drugs.

10.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 389-401, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692618

RESUMO

Purpose: Studies exploring the association of cognitive frailty and mortality have been mainly based on community settings or nursing home settings. The aim of our study was to explore the association between cognitive frailty and 30-day mortality among older Chinese inpatients. Patients and Methods: A national cohort study was performed in different hospitals in China. A baseline survey was conducted from October 2018 and February 2019. Trained investigators collected the 30-day mortality. Cognitive impairment and frailty were defined by the Mini-Cog and FRAIL scale, respectively. Multivariate regression was used to explore the association between cognitive impairment and frailty status with 30-day mortality. Results: Of these participants, there were 3891 (41.91%) women and 5392 (58.09%) men, with an average age of 72.41 (SD=5.72). The prevalence of cognitive frailty was 5.44%. After adjusting for age, gender, education, depression and activities of daily living (ADL), the odds ratios (ORs) for 30-day mortality among inpatients were 3.43 (95% CI: 1.80-6.55) for cognitive frailty, 1.85 (95% CI: 1.01-3.41) for frailty only, and 1.43 (95% CI: 0.77-2.65) for cognitive impairment only compared to the reference group (neither frailty nor cognitive impairment). In addition, the discrimination of 30-day mortality was higher among patients with cognitive frailty (area under the curve =0.676 [95% CI: 0.621-0.731]) than either frailty (area under the curve =0.644 [95% CI: 0.594-0.694]) or cognitive impairment (area under the curve = 0.606 [95% CI: 0.556-0.655]) separately. Stratified analysis showed that these associations still existed when grouped by gender. Conclusion: Our study found that Chinese inpatients with cognitive frailty had a higher risk of 30-day mortality than those without frailty and cognitive impairment, suggesting that clinicians should be encouraged to perform early screening of patients with frailty and cognitive impairment and carry out effective interventions to reverse cognitive frailty syndrome.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(13): 3848-3858, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780242

RESUMO

To explore the influence of the positions of the two nitrogen atoms on the thiazole ring and the isoxazoline ring on the activity, a series of novel piperidyl thiazole derivatives containing oxime ether and oxime ester moieties with two nitrogen atoms on the same or opposite sides have been designed, synthesized, and first evaluated for their fungicidal activities against Phytophthora capsici in vitro. The bioassay results showed that the target compounds possessed moderate to good fungicidal activities against P. capsici, among which oxime ether compound 11b shows the highest fungicidal activity in vitro (EC50 = 0.0104 µg/mL) which is higher than dimethomorph (EC50 = 0.1148 µg/mL) and diacetylenyl amide (EC50 = 0.040 µg/mL). Compared with oxime ether compounds (the two nitrogen atoms are on the opposite sides), the activities of oxime ester compounds were significantly reduced. It is different from the commercial fungicide fluoxapiprolin, and the activities of the compounds with the two nitrogen atoms on the same side were significantly reduced compared to the compounds with the two nitrogen atoms on the opposite sides. Moreover, compounds 11b, 11d, 11e, and 11g showed moderate to good antifungal activities in vivo against Phytophthora capsici, Pseudoperonospora cubensis, and Phytophthora infestans. Scanning electron microscopy of compound 11b on the hyphae morphology showed that compound 11b might cause mycelial abnormalities of P. capsici.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Oximas , Ésteres , Éter , Éteres , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Oximas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis
12.
BMC Genom Data ; 22(1): 10, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant architecture-related traits (e.g., plant height (PH), number of nodes on main stem (NN), branch number (BN) and stem diameter (DI)) and 100-seed weight (100-SW) are important agronomic traits and are closely related to soybean yield. However, the genetic basis and breeding potential of these important agronomic traits remain largely ambiguous in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). RESULTS: In this study, we collected 133 soybean landraces from China, phenotyped them in two years at two locations for the above five traits and conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using 82,187 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). As a result, we found that a total of 59 SNPs were repeatedly detected in at least two environments. There were 12, 12, 4, 4 and 27 SNPs associated with PH, NN, BN, DI and 100-SW, respectively. Among these markers, seven SNPs (AX-90380587, AX-90406013, AX-90387160, AX-90317160, AX-90449770, AX-90460927 and AX-90520043) were large-effect markers for PH, NN, BN, DI and 100-SW, and 15 potential candidate genes were predicted to be in linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay distance or LD block. In addition, real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis was performed on four 100-SW potential candidate genes, three of them showed significantly different expression levels between the extreme materials at the seed development stage. Therefore, Glyma.05 g127900, Glyma.05 g128000 and Glyma.05 g129000 were considered as candidate genes with 100-SW in soybean. CONCLUSIONS: These findings shed light on the genetic basis of plant architecture-related traits and 100-SW in soybean, and candidate genes could be used for further positional cloning.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 215: 112174, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalates, which are used as excipients of drugs, have been related to adverse reproductive outcomes. However, the relationships between medication use and phthalate exposure among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between the medication intake and phthalate metabolites in urine and follicular fluid (FF). METHOD: Eight phthalate metabolites were measured in urine and FF samples from 274 women undergoing IVF using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Information on recent medication intake was obtained via interview by trained staff. We constructed generalized linear regression models to examine the associations of medication intake with phthalate metabolite concentrations and dose-response relationships between the number of medicines used and metabolite concentrations in two matrices. RESULTS: Four of 10 drugs were used by more than 10% of the participants, including vitamins (23.0%), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, 22.3%), antioxidants (12.4%) and amoxicillin (10.2%). Participants who had used TCM had 26.0% (95% CI: 0.0, 58.8%), 32.6% (95% CI: 4.2, 68.8%) and 32.3% (95% CI: 2.6, 70.6%) higher urinary mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) concentrations, respectively, than those who had not. Antioxidant intake was associated with a 30.6% (95% CI: -48.5, -6.6%) decrease in the urinary MBP concentration. Compared with non-users, women who reported the use of medicines had 53.2% (95% CI: 2.7, 128.5%) higher concentrations of MMP and a 37.7% (95% CI: -60.7, -1.5%) lower level of MBP in FF, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the intake of some medications may increase phthalate exposure among women undergoing IVF.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Líquido Folicular/metabolismo , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Adulto , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Líquido Folicular/química , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Reprodução , Vitamina A , Vitaminas , Adulto Jovem
14.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 415, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772211

RESUMO

Approaches to reliably predict the developmental potential of embryos and select suitable embryos for blastocyst culture are needed. The development of time-lapse monitoring (TLM) and artificial intelligence (AI) may help solve this problem. Here, we report deep learning models that can accurately predict blastocyst formation and usable blastocysts using TLM videos of the embryo's first three days. The DenseNet201 network, focal loss, long short-term memory (LSTM) network and gradient boosting classifier were mainly employed, and video preparation algorithms, spatial stream and temporal stream models were developed into ensemble prediction models called STEM and STEM+. STEM exhibited 78.2% accuracy and 0.82 AUC in predicting blastocyst formation, and STEM+ achieved 71.9% accuracy and 0.79 AUC in predicting usable blastocysts. We believe the models are beneficial for blastocyst formation prediction and embryo selection in clinical practice, and our modeling methods will provide valuable information for analyzing medical videos with continuous appearance variation.

15.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 53, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is an organ-specific autoimmune disease that involves the lung and kidneys and leads to rapid glomerulonephritis progression, with or without diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, and even respiratory failure. Classic cases of anti-GBM disease are diagnosed based on the presence of the anti-GBM antibody in serum samples and kidney or lung biopsy tissue samples. However, atypical cases of anti-GBM disease are also seen in clinical practice. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report the rare case of a patient with atypical anti-GBM disease whose serum was negative for the anti-GBM antibody but positive for the myeloperoxidase (MPO) anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA) and another atypical ANCA. Laboratory test results showed severe renal insufficiency with a creatinine level of 385 µmol/L. Renal biopsy specimen analysis revealed 100% glomeruli with crescents; immunofluorescence showed immunoglobulin G (IgG) linearly deposited alongside the GBM. Finally, the patient was discharged successfully after treatment with plasmapheresis, methylprednisolone and prednisone. CONCLUSION: This patient, whose serum was negative for the anti-GBM antibody but positive for p-ANCA and another atypical ANCA, had a rare case of anti-GBM disease. Insights from this unusual case might help physicians diagnose rare forms of glomerulonephritis and treat affected patients in a timely manner.

16.
Andrology ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The testes are suspected target organs of SARS-CoV-2. However, the results of studies on the effect of COVID-19 on male reproduction are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To summarize current research on the effects of COVID-19 on male reproduction. METHODS: A systematic review of English literature was performed using PubMed and Ovid Embase up to 18 August 2020. Research articles on the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in semen, the effects of the virus on semen parameters and any pathological changes in the testes were evaluated. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included in this review. Six of 176 survivors (3.4%) and 1 of 13 decedents (7.7%) in 2 of 12 studies were positive for viral RNA in semen and testicular tissue, respectively. After stratification of patient groups, we found that the virus was detected in the relatively early stage of infection, 6-16 days after disease onset, in semen from survivors. Two of 3 studies reported that some participants had substandard semen quality after COVID-19, and 1 study found that COVID-19 may impair semen quality in a severity-related manner. Pathological analyses showed that injuries to the seminiferous tubule occurred in all decedents (N = 11). Another study found that orchitic and testis fibrin microthrombi occurred in patients with fatal disease (100%, N = 2). Scrotal discomfort of orchiepididymitis or spermatic cord inflammation has also been reported in COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSION: Current studies suggest that semen is rarely considered a carrier of SARS-CoV-2 genetic material during the infection period but not in the semen of recovered patients. Fatal COVID-19 may cause testicular structure damage without the presence of virus.

17.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e037340, 2021 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impacts of triglyceride (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidaemia on prognosis in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different glucose metabolism status. DESIGN: An observational cohort study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3057 patients with stable CAD were consecutively enrolled and divided into three groups according to different glucose metabolism status. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia (AD) was defined as TG ≥1.7 mmol/L and HDL-C <1.0 mmol/L for men or <1.3 mmol/L for women. The patients were further classified into six subgroups by status of AD. All subjects were followed up for the cardiovascular events (CVEs). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 6.1 years, 308 (10.1%) CVEs occurred. No significant difference in the occurrence of CVEs was observed between normal glucose regulation (NGR) and pre-diabetes (pre-DM) groups (HR: 1.25, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.76) while DM group presented 1.45-fold higher risk of CVEs (HR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.05). When the participants were categorised according to combined status of two parameters, the cardiovascular risk was significantly elevated in pre-DM or DM plus AD group compared with the NGR plus non-AD group (HR: 1.76, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.80 and HR: 1.87, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.98). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the presence of AD might affect the prognosis in patients with DM or pre-DM and stable CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Estado Pré-Diabético , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Environ Pollut ; 267: 115584, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254621

RESUMO

Exposure to phthalates during gestation has been associated with decreased birth weight among offspring. However, the associations between preconception phthalate metabolites in follicular fluid (FF) and offspring birth weight among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) remain largely unknown. Here, we explored the associations between preconception phthalate metabolite concentrations in FF and the birth weights of singletons and twins among women undergoing IVF. We recruited 147 female participants who gave birth to 90 singletons and 57 twin infants at the Reproductive Medicine Center, Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, between November and December 2016. Each participant was asked to complete a questionnaire at the time of recruitment and provide a FF sample on the day of oocyte retrieval. The FF concentrations of eight phthalate metabolites were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Birth outcomes were abstracted from medical records. The associations between phthalate metabolites in FF and birth weights of the singleton and twin groups were evaluated using generalized linear models (GLMs). We found that birth weight in the twin group had negative dose-response associations with maternal preconception monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) in FF (both P for trends < 0.05) and that birth weight in the singleton group had positive dose-response associations with monoethyl phthalate (MEP) and mono(2-ethyl-5 hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) in FF (both P for trends < 0.05). These associations persisted when we modeled as continuous variables. In addition, we observed male-specific association between decreased twin birth weight and MEOHP and MBzP and a female-specific associations between increased singleton birth weight and MEP, MEHHP and the sum of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (∑DEHP) (all P for interactions < 0.05). Preconception phthalate metabolites in maternal FF may affect the birth weights of both singleton and twin newborns.

19.
J BUON ; 25(5): 2205-2214, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277837

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1-214 transcript (PVT1-214) is a notable lncRNA involved in gastric cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) so far. Nowadays, the biological function of PVT1-214 on the response of CRC to chemotherapy is still unclear. We aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of PVT1-214 and its regulatory mechanism in advanced CRC. METHODS: The levels of PVT1-214, microRNA (miR)-128, and interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) in CRC tissues and cell lines were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Log-rank test was applied to evaluate the role of high PVT1-214 levels in shortening the overall survival of CRC patients. Chi-square test was to assess the relation between PVT1-214 expression and clinicopathological features of CRC patients. CCK8 assays tested the cell proliferation of oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cells (HCT116/Oxa and SW480/Oxa) with PVT1-214 knockdown. The underlying regulatory mechanism between PVT1-214 and miR-128 was predicted by bioinformatics and verified by RNA transfection, qRT-PCR and western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was done to examine the relationship between or IRF-1 and the PVT1-214 gene. RESULTS: High levels of PVT1-214 expression were more likely to be present in patients with late-stage (IV), chemotherapy resistance, and inferior overall survival. PVT1-214 was aberrantly elevated in oxaliplatin-resistant CRC tissues and cell lines (HCT116/Oxa and SW480/Oxa). PVT1-214 knockdown reduced cell proliferation, migration and invasion of oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cells in vitro. Moreover, IRF-1 was found to be a negative transcription regulator of PVT1-214 and decreased PVT1-214 levels in oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cells. Besides, PVT1-214 repressed miR-128 function by binding to the complementary sites of miR-128. CONCLUSIONS: IRF-1/PVT1-214 may markedly boost the oxaliplatin-resistance of CRC, resulting in the late TNM stage and poor survival. These findings suggest that the IRF-1/PVT1-214 axis may be a helpful target for intervention in CRC.

20.
Carbohydr Res ; : 108196, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243427

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a highly infectious zoonotic disease caused by Brucella. It is necessary to control and eliminate brucellosis. The cell wall O-polysaccharides of pathogenic Brucella species are homopolymers of the rare sugar 4,6-dideoxy-4-formamido-α-d-mannopyranose. Herein, one neoglycoconjugate was successfully synthesized based on disaccharide [Rha4NFo(1 â†’ 2)Rha4NFo] as epitope. Disaccharide specific antibodies were detected by ELISA and the immune protective effect was further evaluated with PBS as control. The result showed that the synthetic neoglycoconjugate can produce moderate immune responses in mice and significantly decreased splenic Brucella M5 burden comparing with control group. The chemically defined antigen identified the A antigenic determinant and provided a structural basis for understanding the fine specificity of polyclonal antibodies that bind the A antigen. The neoglycoconjugate shows the potential in detection reagent or vaccine development for brucellosis.

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