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1.
Environ Res ; 184: 109295, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalate metabolites in follicular fluid (FF) may negatively affect normal folliculogenesis; however, the predictors of phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF and relationships between urine and FF phthalate metabolite concentrations among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of phthalate metabolites in urine and FF and correlations between urine and FF phthalate metabolite concentrations among women undergoing IVF. METHOD: We recruited 305 women seeking infertility treatment at a reproductive center in Wuhan, China, from October to November 2016. Information regarding demographic characteristics, personal care product use and plastic material contact was obtained through direct interviews. Concentrations of 8 phthalate metabolites in urine and FF samples were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Associations regarding metabolite concentrations in urine and FF samples were analysed by Spearman's correlation and linear regression. Generalized linear regression was used to examine potential predictors of phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF. RESULTS: Weak to moderate associations between urine and FF samples were found for monoethyl phthalate (MEP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) (correlation coefficient: MEP, 0.350; MEOHP, 0.377); no associations were observed for other metabolites. The predictive powers of urinary metabolite concentrations in determining FF metabolite concentrations were uniformly low, with R2 ≤ 0.113. Body mass index (BMI) and educational level were inversely associated with the urinary concentrations of certain metabolites. Higher household income, intake of bottled drinks within 48 h, and use of shower gel and soap were frequently associated with higher urinary metabolite concentrations. BMI, higher household income and use of disposable plastic cups within 48 h were associated with higher metabolite concentrations in FF. CONCLUSION: Phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF vary according to sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle factors. Phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine may not be appropriate for estimating ovary phthalate exposure.

2.
J Sleep Res ; : e13033, 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198950

RESUMO

Discrepancies between actigraphic and self-reported sleep measures are common. Studies of people with insomnia, in whom both sleep disturbances and discrepancy are common, suggest disturbances and discrepancy reflect differences in the sleeping brain's activity measurable using spectral electroencephalogram (EEG). Disentangling effects of discrepancy and disturbance on sleep EEG could help target research on the consequences and treatments of different sleep phenotypes. We therefore categorized participants in a cohort study including 2,850 men (average age = 76 years, standard deviation = 5.5) into four groups using median splits on actigraphic and self-reported sleep efficiency (SE). We compared spectral power between these groups in 1-Hz bins up to 24 Hz. Compared with the concordant-high SE group: (a) the group with high actigraphic and low self-reported SE had higher spectral power from 11-15 Hz across the night; (b) both groups with low actigraphic SE had higher power across the 15-24 Hz range, predominantly in early cycles, and greater slow frequency power in later cycles. These findings suggest that perceived wakefulness undetected by actigraphy may result from or drive activity corresponding to spindles. We also found, consistent with hyperarousal models, that low SE detectable via actigraphy was related to higher frequency power in the beta range; actigraph-measured inefficiency was also associated with later slow oscillations, potentially representing attempts to dissipate homeostatic drive elevated from earlier hyperarousal. These distinct spectral EEG markers (of low SE measured with actigraphy vs. low perceived SE that is not captured by actigraphy) may have different causes or consequences.

3.
Tumori ; 106(1): 47-54, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications than those in the OLV <150 minutes group (18.0% vs 7.3%, p < 0.001). Among them, the number of patients who developed pneumonia and atelectasis was also significantly higher (9.0% vs 4.1% [p = 0.031] and 8.7% vs 3.7% [p = 0.018] for the OLV ⩾150 minutes group vs OLV <150 minutes group, respectively). OLV ⩾150 minutes was associated with a prolonged hospital stay (24.2 ± 9.7 vs 21.5 ± 9.2 days, p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that history of diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 3.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.65-7.68; p = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR, 10.65; 95% CI, 5.65-20.08; p < 0.001), and OLV ⩾150 minutes (OR, 3.80; 95% CI, 1.97-7.31; p < 0.001) were independent predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications. CONCLUSION: Long duration of OLV appears to be an important risk factor for postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy. OLV <150 minutes appears to be the better approach for thoracic surgery. Lung protective measures should be taken when prolonged OLV is anticipated.


Assuntos
Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Ventilação Monopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Esofagectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970936

RESUMO

Cancer is a key cause of death worldwide. Despite the development of radiotherapy, chemotherapy and even immunotherapy, surgery remains the standard treatment for cancer patients. Recently, many studies have shown that propofol, a commonly used anesthetic drug, can affect the prognosis of cancer. In this review, we provide an overview of the molecular mechanisms of propofol in the development of cancer. Propofol not only affects epigenetic pathways, such as those involving miRNA, lncRNA and histone acetylation, but also modulates genetic signaling pathways, including the hypoxia, NF-κB, MAPK, SLUG and Nrf2 pathways. In addition, propofol influences the immune function of patients and impacts the degree of immunosuppression. Furthermore, we briefly summarize the clinical trials on the effect of propofol in cancer development. Ultimately, further studies distinguishing the types of tumors in clinical trials are needed to clarify the correlation between propofol and cancer.

5.
Curr Microbiol ; 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925515

RESUMO

The nutritional value of mutton chop rolls is gradually recognized by people, but it is easy to cause microbial contamination during storage, leading to spoilage and shortening of storage time. The bacterial diversity of mutton chop rolls in different cold preservation time was analyzed to explore the main pathogens of spoilage of mutton chop rolls. At the same time, the oxidative state of myoglobin and the change of mitochondrial Metmyoglobin (MMb) Reduction Ability (MRA) in different cold preservation were studied. It lays a foundation for further study on the mechanism of meat color stabilization of mutton chop rolls during cold preservation. A total of 10,123,180 effective Tags were obtained from three samples with different cold preservation time by high throughput sequencing. The relative abundance of Pseudomonas was the highest in the samples refrigerated for 8 days, Acinetobacter, Brochothrix and Lactobacillales showed the highest relative abundance in the samples refrigerated for 4 days, which were closely related to the deterioration of mutton chop rolls and color deterioration. With the increase of cold preservation time, Oxymyoglobin (OMb) content decreased and Metmyoglobin (MMb) content increased. MRA was negatively correlated with MMb. The content of NADH was extremely significant difference with OMb and MMb. At the same time, the content of NADH was a significant difference with MRA. This study provides theoretical basis for prolonging the shelf life, maintaining meat color stability, improving the quality of mutton chop rolls. And it also plays a certain role in promoting the production and consumption of chilled meat.

6.
J Environ Manage ; 256: 109943, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989978

RESUMO

Magnetic graphene oxide-titanate composites (MGO@TNs) were synthesized via growing titanate nanosheets on the graphene oxide sheets with magnetite nanoparticles anchored on. The as-prepared MGO@TNs showed a hierarchical structure and large specific surface area (193.4 m2/g), which were suitable for rapid and effective adsorption of Pb(II) from wastewater. Moreover, the loaded magnetite nanoparticles guaranteed the effective magnetic separation of MGO@TNs, avoiding secondary pollution. The adsorption mechanism were illuminated to be ion exchange and surface complexation. Batch adsorption experiments showed the maximum adsorption capacity of MGO@TNs reached 322.7 mg/g for Pb(II) removal. The removal efficiency retained 89.6% after six adsorption-desorption cycles. In addition, the efficiency reached up to 99.8% when applying MGO@TNs for removal of Pb(II) from simulated realistic battery wastewater, ensuring the safe discharge of treated water. The good adsorption performance, recyclability and easy magnetic separation ability made sure that the MGO@TNs has great potential for purification of Pb(II) contaminated wastewater.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Grafite , Cinética , Chumbo , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Águas Residuárias
7.
Histopathology ; 76(2): 201-211, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348551

RESUMO

AIMS: MYC rearrangements are the main cytogenetic alterations in plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL). We aimed to investigate the relationship between MYC rearrangement and the clinicopathological features of PBL. METHODS AND RESULTS: MYC rearrangements assessed in 13 unpublished single-centre PBL cases, and an additional 85 cases from the literature, with reported MYC rearrangement information individualised by patient, were reviewed. In Asia, PBL was much less commonly diagnosed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients (27% versus 84%, P = 0.000), with older age (median age at diagnosis: 52 years versus 44 years, P = 0.046) and a lower EBV infection rate (56.8% versus 81.8%, P = 0.049), than in non-Asian regions. Overall, MYC rearrangements were identified in 44 of 98 (44.9%) PBL cases, and IGH was the partner in almost all available cases (30/31, 96.8%), as confirmed with a MYC-IGH fusion probe. The MYC rearrangement rate in HIV-positive cases (33/55, 60.0%) was significantly higher than that in HIV-negative cases (11/38, 28.9%, P = 0.003). Patients with MYC rearrangement showed a trend towards an inferior median survival time (9.6 months versus 15.7 months, P = 0.122) and 2-year overall survival (17% versus 32%, P = 0.238). CONCLUSIONS: MYC rearrangement was frequently identified in PBL patients, and IGH was the partner gene in an overwhelming majority of MYC rearrangements. In addition, the MYC rearrangement rate was significantly higher in HIV-positive PBL patients than that in HIV-negative patients. MYC rearrangement may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV-positive PBL, but further studies are required to understand the underlying mechanisms.

8.
Per Med ; 17(1): 67-78, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686591

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the predictive value of lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) levels for coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Method & methods: A total of 409 consecutive patients with AMI were enrolled for this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to rentrop grades assessed by coronary angiography: bad (n = 277) and good CCC group (n = 132). Result: Patients with bad CCC had a higher level of Lp(a) than that with good CCC (median Lp[a] 219.1 vs 122.0 mg/l). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curves of Lp(a) in predicting bad CCC was 0.647 (95% CI: 0.592-0.702) with the cut-off value of 199.0 mg/l. Conclusion: Our data firstly suggested that Lp(a) might be a useful marker for CCC after AMI.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109884, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalate exposure was reported to induce defects in ovarian function, and further influence embryo development and pregnancy outcomes. However, the data about the associations of phthalates with intermediate and pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles are scarce in the Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 663 women receiving IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments in our center were enrolled in this analysis. They provided one urine sample on the day of oocyte retrieval. We measured urinary concentrations of eight phthalate metabolites. Generalized linear models were used to analyze the associations of urinary phthalate metabolites with ovarian response, fertilization, early embryo development, and pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Among all the phthalate metabolites, mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) had the highest urinary concentration with a median level of 101.51 µg/g creatinine (Cr). MBP concentration was inversely associated with normal fertilization odds (overall P-trend < 0.01). There was a significant correlation of monoethyl phthalate (MEP) with decreased odds of normal fertilization in medium-concentration group compared to low-concentration group (overall P-trend = 0.02). No significant associations of metabolite concentrations with the odds of good-quality embryos on day 3 or blastocyst formation were found. Monomethyl phthalate (MMP) and MEP in medium-concentration group reduced 22.4% (95% CI: 0.64-0.94, overall P-trend = 0.04) and 21.9% (95% CI: 0.64-0.95, overall P-trend = 0.05) of the odds to gain good-quality blastocyst compared to low-concentration group. The eight phthalate metabolites were not correlated to clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate, or early miscarriage rate. There was no significant association of di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) metabolites observed with any clinical outcomes in the total population. After excluding male infertility, mono (2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) in medium-concentration group turned to be associated with a higher number of retrieved oocytes (overall P-trend = 0.04), whereas mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) in medium-concentration group was associated with a lower odds of normal fertilization compared to low-concentration group (overall P-trend = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary MBP concentration was much higher compared to other phthalate metabolites in this cohort of Chinese IVF/ICSI women, and also higher than it was reported by studies in other countries. MBP showed adverse impacts on fertilization. MMP and MEP could affect blastocyst quality, but not embryo quality on day 3. DEHP metabolites didn't show consistent reproductive toxicities as demonstrated in previous studies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Fertilização In Vitro , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Feminino , Fertilização/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 37(1): 5-13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postictal delirium (PID) is a relatively common complication following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether prophylactic dexmedetomidine administration would safely decrease the incidence of PID in psychiatric patients after ECT. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PATIENTS: A total of 223 patients undergoing ECT were randomly allocated to two groups. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received 0.5 µg kg dexmedetomidine (Dex group, n=111) or 0.9% sodium chloride (Con group, n=112) before ECT. Propofol was used for anaesthesia and succinylcholine for muscle relaxation. The incidence of PID was measured using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The percentage of patients who were diagnosed with PID at any ECT session during the whole treatment. RESULTS: PID occurred in 76 (67.9%) of 112 patients given saline (0.9% sodium chloride), and in 49 (44.1%) of 111 patients given dexmedetomidine during the whole treatment. There was a significant difference in the incidence of PID between two groups (P < 0.001). Post hoc analyses showed that the incidence of PID was significantly lower in the Dex group than in the Con group from the first to the seventh ECT session (P < 0.005). There were no significant differences in seizure duration or recovery time between the two groups. Heart rate and mean arterial pressure in the Dex group were significantly lower than in the Con group at 0, 5 and 15 min after electrical stimulation. No patients developed bradycardia, hypotension or respiratory depression during recovery. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment with dexmedetomidine leads to a significant reduction in the incidence of PID with no respiratory depressant effect. Dexmedetomidine might be considered an effective method for the prevention of PID post-ECT. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-IOR-17012306.

11.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(1): 27-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490283

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a newly discovered type of cell death decided by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation, but its role in glioblastoma cell death remains unclear. Ibuprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), has been associated with antitumorigenic effects in many cancers. In this study, we first found that ibuprofen inhibited the viabilities of glioblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo, accompanied by abnormal increase in intracellular lipid peroxidation. Further study showed that the cell growth inhibition caused by ibuprofen could be rescued by the ferroptosis inhibitors deferoxamine (DFO), ferrostatin-1 and Liproxstatin-1. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) are key regulators of ferroptosis. Our data showed that Nrf2, GPX4 and SLC7A11 were downregulated in glioblastoma cells under ibuprofen treatment. Interestingly, we found that decreased mRNA expression of GPX4 and SLC7A11 was accompanied with reduced Nrf2, which is a redox sensitive transcription factor that controls the expression of intracellular redox-balancing proteins such as GPX4 and SLC7A11. All the data suggested that Nrf2 could regulate the expression of GPX4 and SLC7A11 in glioma cells. Taken together, our findings reveal that ibuprofen could induce ferroptosis of glioblastoma cells via downregulation of Nrf2 signaling pathway and is a potential drug for glioma treatment.

12.
Cost Eff Resour Alloc ; 17: 26, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827410

RESUMO

Background: The World Health Organisation recommended dolutegravir (DTG)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens are available but not reimbursed through the public reimbursement system in China. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DTG (DTG + TDF/3TC) compared to efavirenz (EFV + TDF/3TC) in treatment-naive and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r + TDF/3TC) in first-line ART failure HIV-1-infected patients in China. Methods: A dynamic Markov model comprising of 5 response states and 6 CD4+ count-based health states was used. Efficacy, estimated as probability of virologic suppression (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL) at 48 weeks, was obtained from a published network meta-analysis for ART-naive patients and from the DAWNING study for patients failing first-line ART. Baseline cohort characteristics were informed using DTG phase 3 studies and the DAWNING study data, respectively. Health state utilities were derived from DTG phase 3 studies. A 5-year cost-effectiveness analyses was conducted using the societal perspective. Outcomes were quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs), life-years (LYs), incremental cost per QALYs (ICER). Results: The viral suppression rates for DTG + TDF/3TC were higher than EFV + TDF/3TC (75.3% vs 64.0%) in treatment-naive and LPV/r + TDF/3TC (74.8% vs 58.4%) in first-line ART failure patients. This resulted in higher QALYs for DTG + TDF/3TC in treatment-naive (4.232 vs 4.227) and first-line failure settings (4.224 vs 4.221). Total discounted cost for DTG + TDF/3TC patients (RMB 219.259 in treatment-naive and RMB 238,746 in first-line failures) were lower than comparators (EFV + TDF/3TC:RMB 221,605; LPV/r + TDF/3TC:RMB 244,364), thereby DTG dominated in both settings. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses indicated the probability of DTG + TDF/3TC being cost effective was 98.2% in treatment-naive setting and 100% in first-line failure setting at a willingness to pay threshold of RMB 100,000/QALY. Conclusions: With lower costs, higher response rates and higher QALYs, DTG + TDF/3TC can be considered as a cost-effective alternative for treatment naive and first-line failure patients in China.

13.
Psychosom Med ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Self-reported "sleep quality" often is assessed in epidemiologic studies. However, the bases for variation in sleep quality is not fully understood. We quantified the extent to which subjective sleep quality was related to sleep disorders and sleep characteristics among 795 African-Americans. METHOD: Between 2012-2016, participants underwent home sleep apnea testing and 1-week actigraphy (estimating sleep duration, efficiency, fragmentation, latency). Sleep quality, insomnia and restless legs syndrome (RLS) symptoms, sleepiness, as well as physician diagnosis of sleep disorders were self-reported. We fit linear regression models to determine the extent to which subjective and objective sleep measures as well as depressive symptoms and anxiety were related to subjective sleep quality. RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates, worse sleep quality scores were associated with insomnia and RLS symptoms, sleep apnea, physician diagnosis of a sleep disorder, and actigraphy-based fragmented sleep, lower sleep efficiency and shorter sleep duration. Insomnia symptoms explained the most variance in subjective sleep quality, 21%. Other sleep measures each explained 3%-7% and psychosocial factors explained 8%-9% of the variance in subjective sleep quality after adjustment for confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The weak associations of sleep quality with sleep disorders and objectively measured sleep disturbances are consistent with concepts of "sleep health" as a multi-dimensional construct. Sleep quality is a patient-centered outcome that provides unique information over objective measurements of sleep disturbances.

14.
Stroke ; 50(12): 3340-3346, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610764

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Many health effects of sleep apnea (SA) may be mediated through accelerated atherosclerosis. We examined the associations of snoring and several measurements of SA with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in a large multiethnic population sample. Methods- This analysis included 1615 participants (mean age, 68 years) from examination 5 (2010-2013) of the MESA study (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Sleep measures including SA (apnea-hypopnea index [4%], ≥15 events/hour) were derived from full in-home polysomnography. Carotid atherosclerosis was measured using high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations between sleep exposures with carotid intima-media thickness and the presence of carotid plaque, respectively. Effect modification by age, sex, and race/ethnicity was examined. Results- In multivariable analysis, SA was associated with an increased odds of carotid plaque presence in individuals aged <68 years (odds ratio, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.05-2.06) but not in older individuals (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.67-1.37; P interaction=0.078). Greater hypoxemia (sleep time <90% saturation) was associated with increasing carotid intima-media thickness in younger (0.028±0.014 mm) but not in older individuals (-0.001±0.013 mm; P interaction=0.106). Self-reported snoring was not associated with carotid atherosclerosis. In assessing race-specific outcomes, greater hypoxemia was associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness in blacks (0.049±0.017 mm; P interaction=0.033). Conclusions- In this large multiethnic population-based sample, sleep disturbances are associated with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in both men and women, particularly in those <68 years of age. The mechanisms underlying the association between SA and carotid atherosclerosis may differ for carotid plaque and carotid intima-media thickness.

15.
BMC Immunol ; 20(1): 38, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helios has been reported to stabilize regulatory T (Treg) suppressive function. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) expression in three human monocyte subsets modulates immune responses. Recently, our team reported that three monocyte subsets are associated with T helper cell differentiation in HIV-1-infected patients. Until now, the effects of monocyte subsets and their PD-1 expression on Foxp3+Helios+ Treg cells have not been fully characterized, especially during acute HIV-1 infection. RESULTS: The frequency of Foxp3+Helios+CD45RA+ Treg cells is significantly higher in patients with acute HIV-1 infection than those of healthy controls and chronic HIV-1-infected patients undergoing combined antiretroviral therapy. The frequency of Foxp3+Helios+CD45RA+ Treg cells is inversely correlated with CD4 T-cell counts and the CD4/CD8 ratio in chronic HIV-1-infected patients. During acute HIV-1 infection, the frequency of Foxp3+Helios+CD45RA+ Treg cells is inversely correlated with the frequency of the intermediate CD14++CD16+ monocyte subset, but positively correlated with PD-1 expression in both intermediate CD14++CD16+ and non-classical CD14+CD16++ monocyte subsets. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the perturbations of Foxp3+Helios+ Treg cells were characterized, and the association between monocyte subsets and their PD-1 expression and Foxp3+Helios+ Treg cells was evaluated during HIV-1 infection. Our observations provide new evidence of the roles for Foxp3+Helios+ Treg cells and PD-1 expression on monocyte subsets in HIV pathogenesis.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540158

RESUMO

The mediator complex is an essential link between transcription factors and RNA polymerase II, and mainly functions in the transduction of diverse signals to genes involved in different pathways. Limited information is available on the role of soybean mediator subunits in growth and development, and their participation in defense response regulation. Here, we performed genome-wide identification of the 95 soybean mediator subunits, which were unevenly localized on the 20 chromosomes and only segmental duplication events were detected. We focused on GmMED16-1, which is highly expressed in the roots, for further functional analysis. Transcription of GmMED16-1 was induced in response to Phytophthora sojae infection. Agrobacterium rhizogenes mediated soybean hairy root transformation was performed for the silencing of the GmMED16-1 gene. Silencing of GmMED16-1 led to an enhanced susceptibility phenotype and increased accumulation of P. sojae biomass in hairy roots of transformants. The transcript levels of NPR1, PR1a, and PR5 in the salicylic acid defense pathway in roots of GmMED16-1-silenced transformants were lower than those of empty-vector transformants. The results provide evidence that GmMED16-1 may participate in the soybean-P. sojae interaction via a salicylic acid-dependent process.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/genética , Complexo Mediador/metabolismo , Phytophthora/fisiologia , Soja/genética , Soja/parasitologia , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas , Resistência à Doença/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Phytophthora/classificação , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Subunidades Proteicas , Transcriptoma
17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(32): 4696-4714, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About one-third of refractory irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) cases are caused by gastrointestinal (GI) infection/inflammation, known as post-infectious/post-inflammatory IBS (PI-IBS). Although it is known that intestinal microbiota and host NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 6 (NLRP6) inflammsome signaling are closely related to PI-IBS and moxibustion has a therapeutic effect on PI-IBS, whether moxibustion regulates the intestinal flora and host NLRP6 events in PI-IBS remains unclear. AIM: To examine the regulatory effect of moxibustion on intestinal microbiota and host NLRP6 inflammatory signaling in PI-IBS. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a normal control group, a model control group, a mild moxibustion group, and a sham mild moxibustion group. PI-IBS rats in the mild moxibustion group were treated with moxibusiton at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) and Zusanli (ST36) for 7 consecutive days for 10 min each time. The sham group rats were given the same treatment as the mild moxibustion group except the moxa stick was not ignited. Abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score was measured to assess the visceral sensitivity, and colon histopathology and ultrastructure, colonic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level were measured to evaluate low-grade colonic inflammation in rats. The relative abundance of selected intestinal bacteria in rat feces was detected by 16S rDNA PCR and the NLRP6 inflammsome signaling in the colon was detected by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blot. RESULTS: The AWR score was significantly decreased and the low-grade intestinal inflammation reflected by serum CRP and colonic MPO levels was inhibited in the mild moxibustion group compared with the sham group. Mild moxibustion remarkably increased the relative DNA abundances of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii but decreased that of Escherichia coli in the gut of PI-IBS rats. Additionally, mild moxibustion induced mRNA and protein expression of intestine lectin 1 but inhibited the expression of IL-1ß, IL-18, and resistance-like molecule ß by promoting the NLRP6 and reducing the mRNA and protein expression of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC) and cysteinyl-aspartate-specific proteinase 1 (Caspase-1). The relative DNA abundances of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, and Escherichia coli in each group were correlated with the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP6, ASC, and Caspase-1 in the colon. CONCLUSION: These findings indicated that mild moxibustion can relieve low-grade GI inflammation and alleviate visceral hypersensitivity in PI-IBS by regulating intestinal microbes and controlling NLRP6 inflammasome signaling.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Inflamação/terapia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/imunologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Angiotensina/imunologia , Receptores de Angiotensina/metabolismo , Receptores de Vasopressinas/imunologia , Receptores de Vasopressinas/metabolismo , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/imunologia
18.
Int J Anal Chem ; 2019: 6217125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391851

RESUMO

Shenfu Tang and Dushen Tang (one of the composite medicines for Shenfu Tang) are widely used Traditional Chinese herbal formulations and ginsenosides are their main bioactive components. However, there are rare studies about simultaneous analysis of ginsenosides in Shenfu Tang and Dushen Tang. In order to identify ginsenosides in Shenfu Tang and Dushen Tang and to explore law of compatibility of medicines in the decoction, a method for simultaneous determination of twelve ginsenosides in Shenfu Tang and Dushen Tang was developed by ultraresolution liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The method showed satisfactory linearity (r > 0.9915), repeatability (RSD < 9.58%), intra- and interday precisions (RSD<11.90%), and high yields of recovery (92.26-113.20%) for twelve major constituents, namely, ginsenosides-Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, Rc, Rd, Rg1, Re, Rf, Rg2, Rg3, Rh1, and F2. Furthermore, the concentration of twelve ginsenosides in Dushen Tang and Shenfu Tang was also simultaneously analyzed. Most of ginsenosides except Rg1 and Rb1 showed higher contents in Shenfu Tang compared to Dushen Tang. The compatibility of the formula had the effect of promoting or inhibiting the dissolution of some major components. The present research provided a reliable evidence for the illustration of chemical basis and compatibility regularity of Shenfu Tang. This study demonstrated the utility of the developed method for assessment of the quantity of the major constituents in Dushen Tang and Shenfu Tang.

19.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397973

RESUMO

A rapid, sensitive, and widely applicable method for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of 20 underivatized amino acids in different biological matrices, including serum, plasma, and tissue homogenates, using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated. Only 4 µL of serum, plasma, or tissue homogenate was extracted with 996 µL of solution (1.7 mM ammonium formate in 85% acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid) containing 100 ng/mL phenylalanine-d5 as an internal standard without any further derivatization step. In addition, the matrix effects were small because a large volume of extraction solution was used. The total run time including reequilibration was 13 min. The results of linearity, accuracy, repeatability, precision, limits of detection, limits of quantification, and sample stability were sufficient to allow the measurement of the amino acids in different biological matrices. We conclude that our method is rapid, sensitive, and widely applicable and represents an improvement over other currently available technologies.

20.
J Oleo Sci ; 68(9): 811-816, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413246

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has emerged as the leading cause of dealth worldwide today. Lowering circulating total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is one of the most effective approaches of CVD prevention. Dietary guidelines and health organizations approved using plant sterols (PS) as the alternative to conventional method in attenuating circulating TC and LDL-C levels and risk of CVD. However, current findings apprear to be controversial on the efficacy of PS. Giving the rise of the field "Nutrigenetics", single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) such as CYP7A1-rs3808607 have been identified that strongly associate with cholesterol metabolism in response to PS intake, towards causing inter-individual variations. This review article aims to discuss the efficacy of dietary PS in managing cholesterol levels based on findings from recent studies. The scope includes reviewing evidence on supporting the efficacy, the metabolic claims, inter-individual variations as well as sitosterolemia associated with PS intake.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Fitosteróis/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/dietoterapia , Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/metabolismo , Colesterol 7-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Humanos , Fitosteróis/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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