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1.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628712

RESUMO

We previously observed decreased expression of rice OsmiR159a.1 on infection with the bacterial blight-causing pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), and identified the OsLRR_RLK (leucine-rich repeat_ receptor like kinase) gene as an authentic target of OsmiR159a.1. Here, we found that a Tos17 insertion mutant of LRR_RLK displayed increasing temporal resistance to Xoo, whereas the LRR_RLK overexpression lines were susceptible to the pathogen early on in the infection, indicating that LRR_RLK encodes a repressor of rice resistance to Xoo infection, and it was renamed as RIR1 (Rice Immunity Repressor 1). RIR1 overexpression plants were more susceptible to Xoo at late growth stage, suggesting that RIR1 mRNA levels are negatively correlated with the resistance of rice against Xoo. We discovered that OsmiR159a.1 repression in Xoo-infected plants was largely dependent on the pathogen's type III secretion system. Co-immunoprecipitation, bimolecular fluoresence complementation, and pull-down assays indicated that RIR1 interacted with the NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (NUO) 51-kDa subunit of the mitochondrial complex I through its kinase domain. Notably, impairment of RIR1 or overexpression of NUO resulted in reactive oxygen species accumulation and enhanced expression of pathogen-resistance genes, including jasmonic acid pathway genes. We propose that pathogens may inhibit OsmiR159 to interfere with the RIR1-NUO interaction, and subsequently depression of rice immune signalling pathways. The resistance genes manipulated by Xoo can be a probe to explore the regulatory network during host-pathogen interactions.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610071

RESUMO

Benzimidazo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-one constitutes a structurally unique class of tetracyclic N-heterocycles that are found throughout a myriad of biologically active natural products, pharmaceutical compounds, and functional materials. Various synthetic routes for the preparation of benzimidazo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-ones have been reported. In particular, the use of N-methacryloyl-2-phenylbenzoimidazoles to construct benzimidazo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-ones through various radical strategies have attracted widespread attention due to the versatility and simple preparation of raw materials, as well as the step-economy and mild reaction conditions. Using representative examples, we highlight significant progress in the synthesis of benzimidazo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-ones, including the selection of the catalytic system, substrate scope, mechanistic understanding, and applications. The contents of this review focus on the development of C-, S-, P-, and Si-centered radical addition-intramolecular cyclization strategies.

3.
J Nat Prod ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610746

RESUMO

Penispidins A-C (1-3), new aromatic sesquiterpenoids with two classes of rare carbon skeletons, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Penicillium virgatum HL-110. 1 represents the first example of a dunniane-type aromatic sesquiterpenoid, possessing a novel 4/6/6 tricyclic system, while (±)-2 and 3 have a 7,12-cyclized bisabolene skeleton, featuring a 3,4-benzo-fused 2-oxabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane central framework. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and ECD calculations. 1 inhibited hepatic lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(34): 7333-7347, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612358

RESUMO

The direct use structurally simple ketones as α-ketone radical sources for α-C(sp3)-H functionalization is a sustainable and powerful approach for constructing complex and multifunctional chemical scaffolds with diverse applications. The reactions of α-ketone radicals with alkenes, alkynes, enynes, imides, and imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines have broadened the structural diversity and complexity of ketones. Through chosen illustrative examples, we outline the recent progress in the development of methods that enable the radical α-C(sp3)-H functionalization of ketones, with an emphasis on radical initiation systems and possible mechanisms of the transformations. The application of these strategies is illustrated by the synthesis of several biologically active molecules and drug molecules. Further subdivision is based on substrate type and reaction type.

5.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613727

RESUMO

Phononic crystals (PnCs) have attracted much attention due to their great potential for dissipation engineering and propagation manipulation of phonons. Notably, the excellent electrical and mechanical properties of graphene make it a promising material for nanoelectromechanical resonators. Transferring a graphene flake to a prepatterned periodic mechanical structure enables the realization of a PnC with on-chip scale. Here, we demonstrate a nanoelectromechanical periodic array by anchoring a graphene membrane to a 9 × 9 array of standing nanopillars. The device exhibits a quasi-continuous frequency spectrum with resonance modes distributed from ∼120 MHz to ∼980 MHz. Moreover, the resonant frequencies of these modes can be electrically tuned by varying the voltage applied to the gate electrode sitting underneath. Simulations suggest that the observed band-like spectrum provides an experimental evidence for PnC formation. Our architecture has large fabrication flexibility, offering a promising platform for investigations on PnCs with electrical accessibility and tunability.

7.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126108, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637911

RESUMO

Types of microbial aggregates have essential effects on bacterial communities' characteristics, thus affecting the pollutants removal. An up-flow biofilm reactor was used to study the different performances of S2-/NO2- removal and functional genes in suspended sludge and biofilms. The metabolic pathways of sulfurous and nitrogenous pollutants in the desulfurization-denitrification process were proposed. The results showed that S0 formation dominated the reactor with a high S2- concentration. Autotrophic Sulfurovum responsible for S2-/S0 oxidation was the only dominant bacteria in suspended sludge. Heterotrophic Desulfocapsa responsible for SO42- reduction coexisted with Sulfurovum and dominated in biofilms. S2- oxidation to S0 was catalyzed via fccA/B and sqr genes in suspended sludge. S32-/S0 oxidation to SO42- was catalyzed via dsrA/B gene in biofilms. SO42- and NO2- were removed via the dissimilatory sulfate reduction and denitrification pathway, respectively. This work provides a fundamental and practical basis for optimizing suspended sludge/biofilm systems for S2-/NO2- removal.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668507

RESUMO

A luminescence sensor based on an europium(III)-based lanthanide-organic framework, [Eu(BCB)(DMF)]·(DMF)1.5(H2O)2 (1), was synthesized via a solvothermal method using 4,4',4''-benzenetricarbonyltribenzoic acid (H3BCB) as a bridging ligand. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicates that Eu centers are eight-coordinated with a trigonal dodecahedron and a square antiprismatic configuration, and adjacent Eu atoms are bridged by BCB organic linkers to form a 3D rod-packing structure. Photoluminescence studies show that compound 1 emits bright red luminescence and behaves as a multi-responsive luminescent sensor toward 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and I- and Fe3+ ions in water with high sensitivity, selectivity and low detection limits. Furthermore, the possible luminescence sensing mechanisms were also investigated by PXRD analysis, UV-vis spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The recognition mechanism for 4-NP and I- ions can be attributed to the competition absorption and that for Fe3+ ions is considered to be a multi-quenching mechanism dominated by competition absorption. This study demonstrates that the lanthanide-based MOF might be a promising candidate for the detection of 4-NP and I- and Fe3+ ions in aqueous medium.

9.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648907

RESUMO

In spite of significant advances in the understanding of glioma biology and pathology, survival remains poor. Therefore, it is still of great significance to further explore the key factors involved in tumorigenesis and development in glioma and find potential new therapeutic targets. Here, we show that thyroid hormone receptor interactor 4 (TRIP4) is highly expressed in glioma cells and tissues. Patients of glioma with high expression of TRIP4 possess poor overall survival. Knockdown of TRIP4 inhibited tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis suppression, whereas overexpression of TRIP4 displays the opposite effects. Further research showed that TRIP4 promoted glioma progression through regulating DDIT4 expression and subsequent activation of mTOR signaling. DDIT4 overexpression restored the inhibition of tumor growth by TRIP4 knockdown in vitro and in vivo. Consistently, mTOR activity inhibition reversed TRIP4 overexpression-mediated tumor promotion in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, molecular mechanism exploration demonstrates that TRIP4 functions as a specific transcriptional activator to anchor at the promoter region of DDIT4 gene (-196 to -11) to regulate its transcription and such regulation was affected by HIF1α. Clinically, TRIP4 expression is positively correlated with DDIT4 expression in glioma samples based on tissue microarray analysis and both of their high expression predicts the malignancy of the disease. Altogether, our findings identify TRIP4 as a critical promoter of glioma progression by targeting DDIT4 and mTOR signaling successively and suggest that TRIP4-DDIT4 axis has potential to be a novel therapeutic target in glioma treatment.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651226

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT for primary and metastatic pancreatic carcinoma lesions and compare the results with those of [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) PET/CT. METHODS: Patients with suspected or diagnosed pancreatic malignancy, who underwent contemporaneous [18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT between June 2020 and January 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Routine contrast-enhanced CT (CE-CT) is performed in all patients as standardized care. Findings were confirmed by histopathology or radiographic follow-up. We compared radiotracer uptake, diagnostic performance, and TNM (tumor-node-metastasis) classifications. RESULTS: We evaluated 36 participants (25/36 men; median age, 60 years), including 26 patients with pancreatic malignancies and ten patients with pancreatic benign lesions. [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT showed higher radiotracer uptake and higher sensitivity than [18F]FDG PET/CT in evaluating primary tumors (SUVmax, 21.4 vs. 4.8; sensitivity, 100% vs. 73.1%), involved lymph nodes (SUVmax, 8.6 vs. 2.7; sensitivity, 81.8% vs. 59.1%), and metastases (SUVmax, 7.9 vs. 3.5; sensitivity, 91.5% vs. 44.0%); Compared with [18F]FDG, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT upstaged six patients' TNM staging (6/23, 26.1%) and changed two patients' clinical management (2/23, 8.7%). Compared with CE-CT, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT upgraded TNM staging in five patients (5/23, 21.7%) and changed the therapeutic regimen in only one patient (1/23, 4.3%). Intense [68Ga]Ga-FAPI uptake was observed throughout the pancreas in 12/26 pancreatic malignancies; dual-time point [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT may differentiate pancreatitis from malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with [18F]FDG PET/CT, [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT shows higher sensitivity in detecting primary pancreatic tumors, involved lymph nodes, and metastases and is superior in terms of TNM staging. Prospective trials with larger patient population are needed to evaluate whether [68Ga]Ga-FAPI PET/CT could elicit treatment modification in pancreatic cancer when compared with standard of care imaging.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127088, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482077

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance has become a global public health problem. Recently, various environmental pollutants have been reported to induce the proliferation of antibiotic resistance. However, the impact of multiple pollutants (e.g., heavy metals and antibiotics), which more frequently occur in practical environments, is poorly understood. Herein, one widely distributed heavy metal (Ag+) and one frequently detected antibiotic (tetracycline) were chosen to investigate their coexisting effect on the proliferation of antibiotic resistance in the activated sludge system. Results show that the co-occurrence of Ag+ and tetracycline at environmentally relevant concentrations exhibited no distinct inhibition in reactor performances. However, they inhibited the respiratory activity by 42%, destroyed the membrane structure by 218%, and increased membrane permeability by 29% compared with the blank control bioreactor. Moreover, the relative abundances of target antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) (e.g., tetA, blaTEM-1, and sulII) in effluent after exposure of coexisting Ag+ and tetracycline were increased by 92-1983% compared with those in control reactor, which were 1.1-4.3 folds higher than the sum of the sole ones. These were possibly attributed to the enrichments of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The results would illumine the coexisting effect of heavy metals and antibiotics on the dissemination of ARGs in activated sludge system.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4124-4130, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467723

RESUMO

This paper explores the statistical distribution characteristics of coating film thickness, so as to present a new method for determining coating endpoint based on 3σ criterion and logic regression. Firstly, the spectrum and thickness of 4 batch samples were collected. Secondly, the spectral range of normal products was obtained by 3σ criterion, with the spectral feature NI as the number of test spectrum in the above range. Then, the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression was built according to the best condition in K-fold cross-validation and the determined threshold of qualified rate in the coating endpoint. Finally, the qualified rate of test set samples at different time points was calculated by the above model, and the above change trend and the threshold value were combined to determine the coating endpoint. The results of KS analysis showed the distribution of thickness of the qualified products followed the normal distribution(P=0.081>0.05). The accuracy of the coating endpoint determination was as high as 100% by the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression when the determined threshold of qualified rate was 90%. Therefore, the 3σ criterion was feasible to the research of coating eligibility. This paper reveals certain random phenomena in the coating process, and the method features a high accuracy, quick analysis and a good interpretability, which provides a reference for online detection and qualify evaluation in future.


Assuntos
Lógica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Determinação de Ponto Final , Comprimidos
13.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131120, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470165

RESUMO

This study evaluated the adverse effects of low-dose imidacloprid (IMI) on the characteristics of sperm from male Wistar rats. Thirty mature male rats were equally divided into three groups and orally administered vehicle (Control Group), acceptable daily intake (ADI) concentration of IMI (Group 1), and IMI at a dose 10-fold that of the ADI (Group 2) for 90 days. The findings revealed that IMI caused abnormalities in sperm concentrations and morphologies, accompanied by an imbalance of the gonadal hormone testosterone. Histopathological damage and decrease of testosterone levels were observed in testes from rats treated with IMI. However, estradiol and gonadotropin levels were unchanged after IMI treatment. IMI inhibited the activity of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and left itself existed in the organism of rats. The indicators relating to sperms and CYP3A4 activity were recovered when rats were co-treated with IMI and CYP3A4 inducer rifampicin together. These results indicated that low-dose IMI exposure caused sperm abnormalities through affecting on the spermiogenesis in testis. Inhibition of CYP3A4 activity by IMI largely contributed to its sperm toxicity. Thus, IMI exposure at doses close to real-world settings resulted in sperm toxicity on rats, which might be a potential risk factor for human reproductive diseases.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP3A , Espermatogênese , Animais , Masculino , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espermatozoides , Testículo , Testosterona
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3886-3892, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472264

RESUMO

This study established high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints of Chinese medicines derived from Apocynum venetum and Poacynum pictum in Xinjiang and explored their composition differences with the combination of content determination, similarity analysis, cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The HPLC conditions included Phenomenex Kinetex C_(18) column(4.6 mm ×100 mm, 2.6 µm), acetonitrile-0.01% trifluoroacetic acid aqueous solution as mobile phase, gradient elution, flow rate of 0.6 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelength of 281 nm and column temperature of 25 ℃. The content of chlorogenic acid, quercetin-3-O-sophoroside, rutin, hyperin, isoquercitrin, trifolin and astragalin was determined in 31 batches of medicinal materials, and fingerprint research and chemometric analysis were performed with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(Version 2004 A) and SPSS 21.0. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020, the quality of Apocyni Veneti Folium is controlled by character identification, microscopic identification, thin layer chromatography identification and quantitative determination of hyperin. There were 21 common peaks of A. venetum and P. pictum in the HPLC fingerprints, 5 of which were identified as chlorogenic acid, hyperin, isoquercitrin, trifolin and astragalin, with their content also determined. Except for 3 batches of medicinal materials, the similarity of other 28 batches was higher than 0.83, indicating good similarity. Two categories were formed in the cluster analysis based on content determination, which showed that some differences existed in similarities between different regions of Xinjiang. The medicinal materials were ranked by quality with principal component analysis, and the results indicated that the top 15 all came from northern Xinjiang. The quality difference of A. venetum and P. pictum had a correlation with the place of origin. This study provides a reference for the analysis and evaluation of A. venetum and P. pictum from different habitats and the selection of introduction and cultivation areas.


Assuntos
Apocynum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
15.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact ; 21(3): 351-357, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore complex correlations between obesity (OB) and osteoporosis (OP) after adjustment of static mechanical loading from weight and fat free mass (FFM). METHODS: A total of 3749 Chinese aged ≥65 years were selected from our ongoing cohort study. OB indices and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured for each subject. Linear regression analyses were performed to explore the correlations between OB indices and OP under three adjustment models (unadjusted, adjusted with weight and adjusted with FFM). RESULTS: Under no adjustment, three general obesity indices (body mass index: BMI, fat mass: FM, and percentage FM: PFM) were positively associated with BMD at three skeletal sites (P<0.001) in the regression analyses. However, after the adjustment with weight, these associations were mostly significant but reverse i.e., negatively in direction. After adjustment with FFM, the three indices were still positively and significantly (P<0.001) associated with BMD but regression coefficients were smaller compared to the unadjusted associations. Similar associations were observed for central adiposity and lower limb adiposity indices. CONCLUSIONS: The combined relation of OB to OP due to the physiological factors secreted from adipose tissues and the static mechanical loading from FM is positive in direction.

16.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490989

RESUMO

The unique features of uniform and adjustable cavities, abundant chiral active sites, and high enantioselectivity make chiral metal-organic frameworks popular as an emerging candidate for enantioselective separation. However, the wide particle size distribution and irregular shape of as-synthesized metal-organic frameworks result in low column efficiency, undesired chromatographic peak shape, and high column backpressure of such metal-organic frameworks packed columns. Herein, we report the fabrication of chiral core-shell microspheres [Cu2 (d-Cam)2 (4,4'-bpy)]n @SiO2 composite for high-performance liquid chromatography enantioseparation to overcome the above-mentioned problems. The [Cu2 (d-Cam)2 (4,4'-bpy)]n @SiO2 packed column gave high-resolution separation of racemates under low column backpressure (10-22 bar), indicating its synergistic effect of the good column packing property of the SiO2 microspheres and the chiral recognition ability of [Cu2 (d-Cam)2 (4,4'-bpy)]n crystals. Thirteen kinds of chiral compounds including alcohols, amines, ketones, epoxides, and organic bases were well separated with good peak shapes and high column efficiency (18200 plates/m for 1-(9-anthryl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethanol) on the [Cu2 (d-Cam)2 (4,4'-bpy)]n @SiO2 packed column. Among them, seven pairs of enantiomers achieved baseline separation and the resolution value for 1-(9-anthryl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethanol reached 11.22. Some effects such as column temperature, and analytes mass on the enantioseparations have been investigated. In addition, the [Cu2 (d-Cam)2 (4,4'-bpy)]n @SiO2 packed column exhibited good stability and repeatability for the separation of chiral compounds. The relative standard deviations for five replicate separations of 1-phenylethanol were less than 1.0, 1.5, 3.0, and 2.0% for the retention time, peak area, number of theoretical plates, and resolution, respectively. The research results demonstrated the development of chiral metal-organic frameworks core-shell microspheres composite provide a promising platform for their practical application in chiral separation fields.

17.
Talanta ; 235: 122754, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517622

RESUMO

Chiral covalent organic frameworks (CCOFs) have potential application in enantioseparation due to their advantages, such as large surface area, abundant chiral recognition sites and good chemical stability in organic solvents. However, the application of CCOFs in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for enantioseparation has been rarely reported because of the shortcomings of CCOFs, such as light weight, irregular shape, and wide particle size distribution. In order to overcome the above shortcomings, a one-pot synthetic method was adopted to prepare a core-shell composite (ß-CD-COF@SiO2) via the growth of chiral ß-CD COF on the surface of amino-functionalized SiO2 microspheres. The as-prepared ß-CD-COF@SiO2 microspheres were used as a stationary phase for HPLC enantioseparation. The resolution ability of the ß-CD-COF@SiO2-packed column toward various chiral compounds was investigated using n-hexane/isopropanol as the mobile phase. The results show that the chiral ß-CD-COF@SiO2-packed column exhibited excellent chiral recognition ability for 24 pairs of chiral compounds with good reproducibility. These successful applications indicate that the preparation of the chiral COFs@SiO2 core-shell microspheres as a novel stationary phase for enantioseparation has good application prospects in HPLC.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Dióxido de Silício , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Microesferas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lenvatinib is regarded as the first-line therapy for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study assessed the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib with or without immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in patients with unresectable HCC. METHODS: In this multicentric retrospective study, patients with unresectable HCC who treated with lenvatinib with or without ICIs would be enrolled. Overall survival, progression-free survival, objective response rate, and disease control rate were calculated to assess the antitumor response. RESULTS: Between January 2019 and August 2020, 65 patients received lenvatinib plus ICIs while other 45 patients received lenvatinib. The baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. Lenvatinib plus ICIs provided significantly higher overall survival (hazard ratio = 0.47, 95% CI 0.26-0.85; p = 0.013) and progression-free survival (hazard ratio = 0.35, 95% CI 0.20-0.63; p < 0.001) than lenvatinib monotherapy. Moreover, patients with lenvatinib plus ICIs had significantly higher objective response rate (41.5% vs 20.0%, p = 0.023) and disease control rate (72.3% vs 46.7%, p = 0.009) per RECIST v1.1 than those with lenvatinib. No treatment-related deaths were observed. Grade 3 or greater adverse events occurring in 10% or more of patients in either treatment group were hypertension [13 (20.0%) of 65 patients treated with lenvatinib plus ICIs vs 8 (17.8%) of 45 patients treated with lenvatinib], and palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia [seven (10.8%) vs two (4.4%)]. CONCLUSIONS: In this real-world study, lenvatinib combined with ICIs showed significantly promising efficacy and manageable safety than lenvatinib alone in patients with unresectable HCC.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125865, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492813

RESUMO

Anaerobic biological treatment technologies are one of the major hotspots of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Previous studies have applied the electrochemical process to improve biogas production, however, it was challenged that high voltages might promote membrane permeability and reactive oxygen species overproduction to promote ARGs proliferation. Herein, the biogas production and ARGs proliferation in an anaerobic electrochemical membrane bioreactor (AnEMBR) were investigated at the gradient voltages of 0-0.9 V. Results show the reactor performances (average CH4 production and current generation) were distinctly improved with the increase of applied voltage, and reached the optimum at 0.9 V. However, long-term application (>30 day) of 0.9 V deteriorated the reactor performances. Meanwhile, the relative abundances of most target ARGs in the supernatant and effluent of AnEMBR at 0.9 V increased by 0.68-1.55 and 0.42-1.26 logs compared to those before applying voltage, respectively. After disconnecting the circuit, these ARGs abundances all decreased to the original level. Significant correlations between intlI and ARGs (e.g., tetA, tetQ, sulI, and sulII) were observed, indicating horizontal gene transfer may contribute to the increased ARGs. Moreover, the shift of microbial communities caused by the applied voltage enriched potential ARGs-hosts (e.g., Tolumonas), contributing to the proliferation of ARGs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Biocombustíveis , Anaerobiose , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Reatores Biológicos , Proliferação de Células , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos
20.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211047124, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the perilymph metabolism by analyzing the 3D real IR MR findings in acoustic neuroma (AN) after intravenous administration of gadolinium (Gd). METHODS: Eleven patients (6 men and 5 women) diagnosed with AN were included, and 3D real IR MRI was performed 4 hours after intravenous Gd injection. The signal intensity and details of inner ear, tumor, and internal auditory canal (IAC) by MRI were analyzed. RESULTS: Four patients had tumors confined to the IAC, and 5 had tumors that extended to the cerebellopontine angle cistern. The signal intensity of the cochlea, vestibule, and IAC fundus was conspicuously enhanced in 3D real IR images than the control side. One patient had a tumor in the cochlea, in which the signal intensity of the semicircular canal and vestibule was increased. One patient had an intravestibular tumor in which the signal intensity of the semicircular canal was increased and the cochlea had endolymphatic hydrops in the affected ear. CONCLUSIONS: The synchronously increased signal intensity in the inner ear and IAC may indicate that IAC may serve as a channel for removal of the perilymph in the inner ear; the blockage by the tumor may have changed the hydrodynamics of the perilymph to cause a longer retention of Gd in the inner ear.

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