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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(39): e2117988119, 2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126099

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most challenging breast cancer subtype for its high rates of relapse, great metastatic potential, and short overall survival. How cancer cells acquire metastatic potency through the conversion of noncancer stem-like cells into cancer cells with stem-cell properties is poorly understood. Here, we identified the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) TGFB2-AS1 as an important regulator of the reversibility and plasticity of noncancer stem cell populations in TNBC. We revealed that TGFB2-AS1 impairs the breast cancer stem-like cell (BCSC) traits of TNBC cells in vitro and dramatically decreases tumorigenic frequency and lung metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, TGFB2-AS1 interacts with SMARCA4, a core subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and results in transcriptional repression of its target genes including TGFB2 and SOX2 in an in cis or in trans way, leading to inhibition of transforming growth factor ß (TGFß) signaling and BCSC characteristics. In line with this, TGFB2-AS1 overexpression in an orthotopic TNBC mouse model remarkably abrogates the enhancement of tumor growth and lung metastasis endowed by TGFß2. Furthermore, combined prognosis analysis of TGFB2-AS1 and TGFß2 in TNBC patients shows that high TGFB2-AS1 and low TGFß2 levels are correlated with better outcome. These findings demonstrate a key role of TGFB2-AS1 in inhibiting disease progression of TNBC based on switching the cancer cell fate of TNBC and also shed light on the treatment of TNBC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , DNA Helicases/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Camundongos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
2.
Trop Med Infect Dis ; 7(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36136620

RESUMO

Background: With the progress of urbanization, the mobility of people has gradually increased, which has led to the further spread of dengue fever. This study evaluated the transmissibility of dengue fever within districts and between different districts in Zhanjiang City to provide corresponding advice for cross-regional prevention and control. Methods: A mathematical model of transmission dynamics was developed to explore the transmissibility of the disease and to compare that between different regions. Results: A total of 467 DF cases (6.38 per 100,000 people) were reported in Zhanjiang City in 2018. In the model, without any intervention, the number of simulated cases in this epidemic reached about 950. The dengue fever transmissions between districts varied within and between regions. When the spread of dengue fever from Chikan Districts to other districts was cut off, the number of cases in other districts dropped significantly or even to zero. When the density of mosquitoes in Xiashan District was controlled, the dengue fever epidemic in Xiashan District was found to be significantly alleviated. Conclusions: When there is a dengue outbreak, timely measures can effectively control it from developing into an epidemic. Different prevention and control measures in different districts could efficiently reduce the risk of disease transmission.

3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5581, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151199

RESUMO

Nanograined metals have the merit of high strength, but usually suffer from low work hardening capacity and poor thermal stability, causing premature failure and limiting their practical utilities. Here we report a "nanodispersion-in-nanograins" strategy to simultaneously strengthen and stabilize nanocrystalline metals such as copper and nickel. Our strategy relies on a uniform dispersion of extremely fine sized carbon nanoparticles (2.6 ± 1.2 nm) inside nanograins. The intragranular dispersion of nanoparticles not only elevates the strength of already-strong nanograins by 35%, but also activates multiple hardening mechanisms via dislocation-nanoparticle interactions, leading to improved work hardening and large tensile ductility. In addition, these finely dispersed nanoparticles result in substantially enhanced thermal stability and electrical conductivity in metal nanocomposites. Our results demonstrate the concurrent improvement of several mutually exclusive properties in metals including strength-ductility, strength-thermal stability, and strength-electrical conductivity, and thus represent a promising route to engineering high-performance nanostructured materials.

4.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 343-348, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intestinal microcirculation dysfunction is an important factor that causes poor prognosis in sepsis patients and is an important pathophysiological basis for the occurrence and development of sepsis. DATA RESOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to August 1, 2021. The search was limited to the English language only. Two reviewers independently identified studies related to intestinal microcirculation dysfunction in sepsis. Exclusion criteria were duplicate articles according to multiple search criteria. RESULTS: Fifty articles were included, and most of them were animal studies. These studies reported pathogenesis, including endothelial dysfunction, leukocyte recruitment and adhesion, microthrombus formation, microcirculation hypoperfusion, and redistribution of intestinal wall blood flow. The monitoring methods of intestinal microcirculation were also diverse, including handheld microscopes, intravital microscopy (IVM), laser Doppler blood flow instruments, laser speckle contrast imaging, tissue reflectance spectrophotometry, biochemical markers of intestinal ischemia, and histopathological examination. In view of the related pathogenesis of intestinal microcirculation disorder in sepsis, existing studies also have different opinions on its treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Limited by monitoring, there are few clinical studies on intestinal microcirculation dysfunction in sepsis. Related research mainly focuses on basic research, but some progress has also been made. Therefore, this review may provide a reference for future research on intestinal microcirculation dysfunction in sepsis.

5.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(8): 3985-4000, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119831

RESUMO

The biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids is involved in the initiation and progression of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the multi-omics characteristics of unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis-related genes and explore their prognostic value in colon cancer by analyzing the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. An unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis pathway related-genes enrichment score (BUFAS) was constructed utilizing the single sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA). We discovered that a high BUFAS was associated with longer overall survival (OS) in both the training and the validation sets. Multivariable analysis including the clinical characteristics further verified the independent prognostic value of the BUFAS in both the TCGA-COAD and the GSE39582 datasets. In addition, GSEA analysis revealed that BUFAS was positively associated with several signaling pathways, including MTORC1, peroxisome, and pathways related to fatty acid metabolism, while was negatively associated with other signaling pathways, such as hedgehog, NOTCH, and Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. Furthermore, in the COAD cell lines of the Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) database, we found that BUFAS was positively correlated with the drug sensitivities of cisplatin, gemcitabine, camptothecin, lapatinib, and afatinib, while was negatively correlated with that of ponatinib. Moreover, in the COAD single-cell transcriptomic dataset (GSE146771), the BUFAS varied among different cell types and was enriched in mast cells and fibroblasts. Taken together, the BUFAS we constructed could be used as an independent prognostic signature in predicting the OS and drug resistance of colon cancer. Unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis pathway might serve as potential therapeutic targets for cancer treatment.

6.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimal invasive approach has been increasingly used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and more is expected of early rehabilitation in terms of pain release and recovery of knee function. The approach type is one of the major factors that determines the early rehabilitation after TKA. The purpose of this study is to determine whether mini-subvastus approach (MSVA) is superior to the traditional medial parapatellar approach (MPA) in TKA. METHODS: From 2018 to 2019, a randomized double-blinded prospective study was conducted on 58 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral TKA. The subjects included eight men and 50 women, with an average age of 65 years. One side was randomized using MSVA and the other side using MPA. Visual analog scale (VAS), operative duration, recovery time to straight leg raising (SLR), range of motion (ROM), HSS score, release rate of lateral retinaculum, satisfaction rate were recorded and compared. Paired-samples T test were used for quantitative data and chi-square test for qualitative data. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in the ratio of left and right sides, preoperative ROM, VAS, HSS score, muscular strength of lower limbs, KL grade, operative order, and operative duration between the two groups. The average ROM (118.91 ± 8.21 vs. 107.60 ± 7.99, t = 14.320, p = 0.0000) and HSS score (72.03 ± 4.55 vs. 61.22 ± 4.36, t = 13.095, p = 0.0000) on POD 3, VAS in rest and motion on POD 1 and 3, the recovery time to SLR (1.17 ± 0.38 vs. 3.09 ± 0.76, t = 19.902, p = 0.0000), and the satisfaction rate on POD 1 (96.55% vs. 74.14%, χ2  = 9.9251, p = 0.0016) were superior in the MSVA group over MPA group. ROM in rest and motion and HSS score on POD 30 had no difference. The release rate of lateral retinaculum was less in the MSVA group than in the MPA group. The mean value of HKA, FFC, and FTC and the proportion of outliers did not differ significantly between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with MPA, MSVA can make ROM of knee and SLR recover earlier, reduce postoperative pain after TKA, improve the early postoperative satisfaction and reduce the lateral release rate. MSVA can be used as a favorable measure in the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).

7.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 939910, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061871

RESUMO

Objective: The pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) is not completely clear. With further studies, smoking is toxic to the pancreas. This study classified smoking-related CP as a new etiology of CP and defined the cutoff of smoking. Design: Patients with CP admitted from January 2000 to December 2013 were included in the study. The characteristics were compared between smoking patients, drinking patients, and a group of patients who never smoke or drink (control group). The cumulative rates of steatorrhea, diabetes mellitus (DM), pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC), pancreatic stone, and biliary stricture after the onset of CP were calculated, respectively. Results: A total of 1,324 patients were included. Among them, 55 were smoking patients, 80 were drinking patients, and 1,189 were controls. The characteristics of smokers are different from the other two groups, especially in age at the onset and diagnosis of CP, initial manifestation, and type of pain. The development of DM (P = 0.011) and PPC (P = 0.033) was significantly more common and earlier in the smokers than in the other two groups. Steatorrhea also developed significantly more in the smokers than in the controls (P = 0.029). Smokers tend to delay the formation of pancreatic stones and steatorrhea. Conclusion: The clinical characteristics of smoking-related CP is different from CP of other etiologies. A new type of CP, smoking-related CP, was put forward. Smoking-related CP should be separated from idiopathic CP and defined as a new independent subtype of CP different from alcoholic CP or idiopathic CP.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pancreatite Crônica , Esteatorreia , Humanos , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Esteatorreia/etiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the 8-year longitudinal study and long-term prognosis of a large inception cohort of anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody-positive (MDA5+) dermatomyositis (DM)-interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients. METHODS: 216 patients diagnosed with MDA5+ DM-ILD were enrolled and followed up to analyze long-term survival rate. Demographic and clinical variables were collected at baseline and each temporal end point. 70 patients who survived the first year were analyzed for the long-term serological and respiratory outcomes. RESULTS: 85 patients (39.3%) died during the follow-up period up to 96 months, with 89% of the deaths occurring in the first year after diagnosis. Long-term outcome was reported in 70 patients. Serological markers including anti-MDA5 antibody showed significant improvement with time. Radiographic findings and pulmonary function also improved notably in the follow-up period, especially in rapidly progressive ILD group, as measured by high-resolution computed tomography imaging scores, the estimated forced vital capacity, estimated diffusing capacity of lung carbon monoxide and dyspnea scores. Early application of anti-fibrosis therapy helped to improve long-term pulmonary function. CONCLUSIONS: MDA5+ DM-ILD patients had a high mortality rate despite aggressive treatment. Patients who survived the first year usually showed a significant improvement in serological markers and pulmonary function during the long-term follow-up.

9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975695, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148235

RESUMO

Background: Central nervous system tumor (CNST) is one of the most complicated and lethal forms of human tumors with very limited treatment options. In recent years, growing evidence indicates that oncolytic virotherapy (OVT) has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for CNSTs. And a considerable amount of literature on OVT-CNSTs has been published. However, there are still no studies summarizing the global research trends and hotspots of this field through a bibliometric approach. To fulfill this knowledge gap, bibliometric analysis was conducted based on all publications relating to OVT-CNSTs since 2000s. Methods: We searched the Web of Science Core Collection for all relevant studies published between 2000 and 2022. Four different tools (online analysis platform, R-bibliometrix, CiteSpace and VOSviewer) were used to perform bibliometric analysis and network visualization, including annual publication output, active journals, contribution of countries, institutions, and authors, references, as well as keywords. Results: A total of 473 articles and reviews were included. The annual number of publications on OVT-CNSTs showed a significant increasing trend. Molecular Therapy and Cancer Research were the most active and co-cited journals, respectively. In terms of contributions, there is no doubt that the United States occupied a leading position with the most publications (n=307, 64.9%) and the highest H-index (57). The institution and author that contributed the largest number of publications were Ohio State University and Chiocca EA, respectively. As can be seen from citation analysis, the current studies mainly focused on preclinical and phase I/II clinical results of various oncolytic virus for CNSTs treatment. Keywords co-occurrence and burst analysis revealed that the following research topics including immunotherapy, T-cells, tumor microenvironment, vaccine, blood-brain-barrier, checkpoint inhibitors, macrophage, stem cell, and recurrent glioblastoma have been research frontiers of this field and also have great potential to continue to be research hotspots in the future. Conclusion: There has been increasing attention on oncolytic viruses for use as CNSTs therapeutics. Oncolytic immunotherapy is a topic of great concern in this field. This bibliometric study provides a comprehensive analysis of the knowledge base, research hotspots, development perspective in the field of OVT-CNSTs, which could become an essential reference for scholars in this area.

10.
Front Chem ; 10: 999856, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092667

RESUMO

According to Hund's multiplicity rule, the energy of the lowest excited triplet state (T1) is always lower than that of the lowest excited singlet state (S1) in organic molecules, resulting in a positive singlet-triplet energy gap (ΔE ST). Therefore, the up-converted reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) from T1 to S1 is an endothermic process, which may lead to the quenching of long-lived triplet excitons in electroluminescence, and subsequently the reduction of device efficiency. Interestingly, organic molecules with inverted singlet-triplet (INVEST) gaps in violation of Hund's multiplicity rule have recently come into the limelight. The unique feature has attracted extensive attention in the fields of organic optoelectronics and photocatalysis over the past few years. For an INVEST molecule possessing a higher T1 with respect to S1, namely a negative ΔE ST, the down-converted RISC from T1 to S1 does not require thermal activation, which is possibly conducive to solving the problems of fast efficiency roll-off and short lifetime of organic light-emitting devices. By virtue of this property, INVEST molecules are recently regarded as a new generation of organic light-emitting materials. In this review, we briefly summarized the significant progress of INVEST molecules in both theoretical calculations and experimental studies, and put forward suggestions and expectations for future research.

11.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054346

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to develop and validate an Ultrasound (US)-based nomogram to predict short disease-free survival (short-DFS, less than 120 months DFS) in breast cancer (BC). METHODS: Nomogram was established based on a training data of 311 BC patients by multivariable logistic regression, and were assessed by discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. Risk stratification was performed by X-tile. An independent testing data of 200 patients with BC was used for external validation. RESULTS: Nine predictors including three US features and six clinical parameters were screened into the nomogram by Lasso (log λ = -3.594) in training data. Better performance was obtained in the training data (C-index: 0.942) and testing data (C-index: 0.914). Calibration analysis indicated optimal agreement between nomogram predictions and actual observations (p = 0.67). Decision curve analysis showed a great clinical benefit (Youden index: 0.634). Three risk levels are low-risk (<184.0), moderate-risk (184.0-345.3) and high-risk (>345.3). Our nomograms had larger area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves compared with Magee Equation and Nottingham Prognostic models (0.942 vs. 0.824, 0.790). CONCLUSION: The US-based nomogram and the practical score system facilitate individualized prediction of short-DFS to optimize clinical decisions and improve prognosis in patients with BC.

12.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 38(9): 839-847, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065882

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is the major AF treatment. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is related to AF diagnosis. This study explored the clinical roles of PVT1 in AF. Totally, 168 AF patients and 100 healthy controls were selected. Plasma lncRNA PVT1 in AF patients before/after RFA was detected and the diagnostic efficacy and postoperative recurrence prediction value in AF were analyzed. Effects of plasma PVT1 expression on AF recurrence and its correlation with transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) in the recurrence and non-recurrence groups were analyzed by Pearson coefficient. The risk factors of AF recurrence were evaluated. Plasma PVT1 was highly expressed in AF patients and diminished after RFA. PVT1 level >1.255 assisted AF diagnosis. The plasma PVT1 level in the recurrence group was higher than that of the non-recurrence group. PVT1 level >1.525 assisted the prediction for postoperative recurrence. AF postoperative recurrence incidence in high PVT1 expression group was clearly higher than that in low PVT1 expression group, and plasma PVT1 expression in patients of the recurrence and non-recurrence groups was positively correlated with TGF-ß1 content. High PVT1 expression was an independent risk factor for postoperative recurrence. Briefly, high PVT1 level assisted AF diagnosis and recurrence evaluation after RFA and was an independent risk factor for AF postoperative recurrence.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , RNA Longo não Codificante , Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Front Big Data ; 5: 965715, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059922

RESUMO

Epilepsy affects ~2-3 million individuals in the United States, a third of whom have uncontrolled seizures. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a catastrophic and fatal complication of poorly controlled epilepsy and is the primary cause of mortality in such patients. Despite its huge public health impact, with a ~1/1,000 incidence rate in persons with epilepsy, it is an uncommon enough phenomenon to require multi-center efforts for well-powered studies. We developed the Multimodal SUDEP Data Resource (MSDR), a comprehensive system for sharing multimodal epilepsy data in the NIH funded Center for SUDEP Research. The MSDR aims at accelerating research to address critical questions about personalized risk assessment of SUDEP. We used a metadata-guided approach, with a set of common epilepsy-specific terms enforcing uniform semantic interpretation of data elements across three main components: (1) multi-site annotated datasets; (2) user interfaces for capturing, managing, and accessing data; and (3) computational approaches for the analysis of multimodal clinical data. We incorporated the process for managing dataset-specific data use agreements, evidence of Institutional Review Board review, and the corresponding access control in the MSDR web portal. The metadata-guided approach facilitates structural and semantic interoperability, ultimately leading to enhanced data reusability and scientific rigor. MSDR prospectively integrated and curated epilepsy patient data from seven institutions, and it currently contains data on 2,739 subjects and 10,685 multimodal clinical data files with different data formats. In total, 55 users registered in the current MSDR data repository, and 6 projects have been funded to apply MSDR in epilepsy research, including three R01 projects and three R21 projects.

14.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(4): 570-578, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065688

RESUMO

Objective To systematically review the overall status of postoperative recurrence in patients with atypical meningiomas. Methods China National Knowledge Infrastructure,Wanfang Database,Chinese Biomedical Literature Database,VIP Database,PubMed,Embase,Web of Science,and Cochrane Library were searched for collection of the relevant literature on the recurrence of atypical meningioma from database establishment to July 2021.Two investigators independently screened the literature,extracted data,and assessed the risk of bias of the included studies,and then performed a meta-analysis by using R 5.0. Results A total of 29 studies involving 3122 patients were included in this study.The meta-analysis showed that the overall postoperative recurrence rate of atypical meningioma was 38%.The subgroup analysis showed that the tumor recurrence rate of patients ≥60 years old and<60 years old was 51% and 40%,respectively,with no significant difference.The tumor recurrence rates in male and female patients were 42% and 44%,respectively,which showed no significant difference.The recurrence rates of the patients with parasagittal meningiomas,brain tissue infiltration,Ki-67>8%,mitotic count ≥6/10 high-power fields,and tissue necrosis were 52%,47%,63%,53%,and 69%,respectively.The recurrence rate after subtotal tumor resection was as high as 58%,and the patients who received radiotherapy had higher tumor recurrence rate than that those who did not receive radiotherapy (38% vs.29%,P=0.007). Conclusions The current evidence demonstrates that atypical meningioma has a high recurrence rate after surgery.It is essential to pay more attention and take corresponding measures to improve the tumor-free survival rate of the patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco
15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080665

RESUMO

The molecular design of a wide-bandgap polymer donor is critical to achieve high-performance organic photovoltaic devices. Herein, a new dibenzo-fused quinoxalineimide (BPQI) is successfully synthesized as an electron-deficient building block to construct donor-acceptor (D-A)-type polymers, namely P(BPQI-BDT) and P(BPQI-BDTT), using benzodithiophene and its derivative, which bears different side chains, as the copolymerization units. These two polymers are used as a donor, and the narrow bandgap (2,20-((2Z,20Z)-((12,13-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,9-diundecyl-12,13-dihydro-[1,2,5]thiadiazolo [3,4-e]thieno[2,″30':4',50]thieno[20,30:4,5]pyrrolo[3,2g]thieno[20,30:4,5]thieno[3,2-b]indole-2,10 diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile) Y6 is used as an acceptor to fabricate bulk heterojunction polymer solar cell devices. Y6, as a non-fullerene receptor (NFA), has excellent electrochemical and optical properties, as well as a high efficiency of over 18%. The device, based on P(BPQI-BDTT):Y6, showed power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 6.31% with a JSC of 17.09 mA cm-2, an open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 0.82 V, and an FF of 44.78%. This study demonstrates that dibenzo-fused quinoxalineimide is a promising building block for developing wide-bandgap polymer donors.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(36): 41296-41303, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052498

RESUMO

Compared with other all-inorganic/organic-inorganic hybrid solar cells, the large voltage loss (Vloss) of organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, especially the nonradiative voltage loss (ΔVnonrad), limited the further improvement of performance. Although A-DA'D-A-type Y-series nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs) largely improve the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) to 18%, the open-circuit voltage (VOC) of this kind of material was still restricted to below 1.0 V. Herein, we designed and synthesized a narrow bandgap (Eg = 1.41 eV) acceptor BTA77 with an A-DA'D-A-type backbone containing a nonhalogenated terminal group to achieve high electroluminescence efficiency and high VOC. Combined with the nonhalogenated polymer PBDB-T with a conjugated thiophene side chain, BTA77 realized a VOC of 0.944 V, a Vloss of 0.552 V, and a PCE of 13.75%, which is one of the highest PCEs based on nonhalogenated A-DA'D-A-type acceptors with VOC > 0.9 V. After further blending with the nonhalogenated donor polymer PBT1-C with a conjugated phenyl side chain, the VOC increases to 1.021 V with a super low ΔVnonrad of 0.14 V owing to the greatly improved electroluminescence external quantum efficiency (EQEEL) of 4.42 × 10-3. Our results indicate that there is still a large room to decrease the ΔVnonrad and increase VOC by synergistic molecular engineering of p-type polymers and n-type small molecules.

18.
Curr Opin Neurobiol ; 76: 102625, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037564

Assuntos
Neurociências
19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 939107, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966859

RESUMO

The patient was a 25-year-old man presented with cutaneous dirt-adherent disease with a past medical history of schizophrenia. Both the patient and his mother had Darier's disease, genetic screening revealed that the patient carried a heterozygous frameshift mutation in ATP2A2 gene, which was inherited from his mother. Cutis verticis gyrata was also found in the patient.

20.
J Mater Chem B ; 10(32): 6214-6227, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920210

RESUMO

The hierarchical three-dimensional (3D)-printing scaffolds based on microbial polyester poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) (P34HB) were designed and used for bone tissue engineering via surface functionalization on 3D-printed (P34HB) scaffolds using polydopamine (PDA)-mediated recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), leading to enhanced bone formation in a rat model with a calvarial critical-size bone defect. Taking advantage of the adhesive property of PDA under alkaline and aerobic conditions, osteogenic BMP2 was captured on the surface of PHA scaffolds, resulting in their enhanced osteogenic bioactivity, better stem cell adhesion and proliferation, and sustainable release of a bioactive substance over a period of 30 days. These contributed to notable differences in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, expressions of osteogenesis-related genes, as well as finally enhanced in vivo bone formation in rats. The functionalized 3D-printed P34HB scaffolds via the PDA-mediated osteogenic activity were developed as a versatile platform for bone tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/farmacologia , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Polímeros/farmacologia , Ratos
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