Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.798
Filtrar
1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 275, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adding clomiphene citrate (CC) and/or letrozole (LE) to in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles for mild ovarian stimulation is a general approach. Although lots of researches have demonstrated partial benefits of the strategy, all-around effects of oral medications remained deficient. This paper aims to assess whether an addition of oral medication will result in considerable outcomes on T-Gn (total dose of gonadotropin), Gn days, total retrieved ova, high quality embryos, blastocyst number, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rate, clinical pregnancy rate and cumulative pregnancy rate, even if it was not conventional mild/minimal stimulations. RESULTS: Participants were categorized to three diverse populations as high responders, normal responders and poor responders according to basal antral follicle count. T-Gn in patients treated with CC/LE distinctly decreased from 2496.96 IU/d to 1827.68 IU/d, from 2860.28 IU/d to 2119.99 IU/d, and from 3182.15 IU/d to 1802.84 IU/d, respectively. For high ovary responders and normal responders, the OHSS incidence rate also declined from 29.2 to 4.3% (P < 0.001) and from 1.1 to 0.0% (P = 0.090). Other, there was no statistical difference with respect to the T-retrieved ova (total retrieved ova), high quality embryos, cultured blastocyst and blastocyst number in high responders. For normal responders and poor ovary responders, T-Gn, Gn days, T-retrieved ova, high quality embryos, cultured blastocyst and blastocysts number in oral medications group all apparently decreased. Clinical pregnancy rate per fresh cycle of poor responders with prior oral medications was significantly decreased (25.7% vs. 50.8%, P = 0.005), and no significant differences in high responders and normal responders were expressed (52.5% vs. 44.2%, P = 0.310; 51.9% vs. 42.4%, P = 0.163) between two groups of participants. The numbers of cumulative pregnancy rates were lower in the conventional group compared to the add group for high (75.90% versus 81.03%, P = 0.279), normal (62.69% versus 71.36%, P = 0.016) and poor (39.74% versus 68.21%, P < 0.001) responders. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of CC/LE to the ovulation induction during IVF has certain efficacy in terms of low cost, low OHSS incidence. CC/LE deserves more recommendations as a responsible strategy in high responders due to advantageous pregnancy outcomes. For normal responders, the strategy needs to be considered with more comprehensive factors.

2.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delayed wound healing is a potention complication after Achilles tendon suture repair and occurs for various reasons. The conventional treatment for delayed wound healing is open surgery, but patients face long recovery times and postoperative care is difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents three patients who were seen at our institute from April 2008 to October 2017 due to long-term non-healing wounds after surgery. All three patients had undergone surgery at least 2 months previously. We performed endoscopic surgery on these patients. After the operation, patients received less antibiotics and simpler care than would be required for conventional open surgery. There is no need to keep the wound open after the operation or perform wound cleaning for multiple times at the same time, which can reduce healing time. At the last follow up, all postoperative scores among the patients were significantly improved compared to before surgery. The Achilles tendon total rupture scores were excellent and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scores were satisfactory, indicating improvements in Achilles tendon function and movement in patients after surgery. CONCLUSION: Our case reports demonstrate that arthroscopic treatment for delayed wound healing after Achilles tendon suture repair is satisfactory and reliable; frequent opening of the wound for cleaning is not required after the operation, thus reducing the healing time.

3.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829861

RESUMO

Wide hybridization between wheat and wild relatives such as Thinopyrum intermedium is important for broadening genetic diversity and improving disease resistance in wheat. We developed 30 wheat-Th. intermedium derivatives. Here, we report assessments of their resistance to different pathogens including cereal cyst nematode (CCN, Heterodera spp.), Puccinia striiformis causing stripe rust, and Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici inciting powdery mildew. Under natural field infection, all the wheat-Th. intermedium lines were resistant to at least one of the pathogens, and four lines were resistant to multiple pathogens. Twenty-nine out of 30 tested lines exhibited resistance to H. avenae, a dominant CCN species in wheat fields. Twenty-four lines were resistant to H. filipjevi, an emerging threat to wheat production. Tests of phenotypic responses in the naturally infected field nurseries identified six stripe rust resistant lines and 13 powdery mildew resistant lines. Mitotic observation demonstrated that these newly developed wheat-Th. intermedium derivatives included not only octoploid but also chromosome addition, substitution, and translocation lines. Chromosome compositions of the four lines resistant to multiple pathogens were analyzed by genomic in situ hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization. The octoploid lines Zhong 10-68 and Zhong 10-117 carried both intact Th. intermedium chromosomes and translocated chromosomes. Line Zhong 10-149 had 42 wheat chromosomes and two wheat ditelosomes plus a pair of T3BS·J translocated chromosomes. Line Zhong 10-160 carried 41 wheat chromosomes plus one pair of the J genome chromosomes of Th. intermedium. The multiple disease resistant wheat-Th. intermedium derivatives, especially lines with chromosome counts close to common wheat, provide valuable materials for wheat resistance breeding programs.

4.
Chemistry ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830540

RESUMO

Achieving self-assembled nanostructures with ultra-small feature sizes (e.g., below 5 nm) is an important prerequisite for the development of block copolymer lithography. Herein, we present the preparation and self-assembly of a series of giant molecules composed of vinyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (VPOSS) tethered with monodispersed oligo(L-lactide) chains. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results demonstrate that ultra-small domain sizes (down to 3 nm) of phase separated lamellar morphology are achieved in bulk, driven by the strong tendency and fast crystallization of VPOSS moieties. Moreover, upon gamma ray radiation, VPOSS cages in the lamellar structure can be crosslinked via polymerization of the vinyl groups. After pyrolysis at high temperature, ultra-thin two-dimensional nano-silica sheets can be obtained.

5.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-10, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a prevalent chronic inflammatory airway disease that is characterised by airway remodelling and airway hyperresponsiveness. Abnormal proliferation and migration of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) contribute to airway remodelling in asthma. However, the molecular mechanism underlying an increased ASMC mass in asthma remains elusive. Herein, we aimed at investigating the regulation of lncRNA PVT1 on ASMCs and focussing on the mechanism in the proliferation and migration. METHODS: Expression levels of lncRNA PVT1 and miR-590-5p in the serum collected from 24 children with asthma and 10 control children were determined by qRT-PCR. ASMCs proliferation and migration prior to and post platelet-derived growth factor subunit B (PDGF-BB) stimulation were examined by CCK-8 test and transwell assay. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine miR-590-5p interaction with lncRNA PVT1 and follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1). Expression of lncRNA PVT1, miR-590-5p, FSTL1, C-Myc, cyclin D1, and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) was tested by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunoblotting analysis. RESULTS: The expression level of lncRNA PVT1 was higher but the expression level of miR-590-5p was lower in the serum of children with asthma than in control children. The expression level of lncRNA PVT1 was negatively correlated with the expression level of miR-590-5p in asthma. LncRNA PVT1 was upregulated upon PDGF-BB stimulation. LncRNA PVT1 knockdown by its specific shRNA repressed PDGF-BB-induced promotion of proliferation and migration in ASMCs and triggered an elevated miR-590-5p along with declined C-Myc, cyclin D1, and CDK1. The effects of lncRNA PVT1 knockdown on PDGF-BB-induced ASMCs were lost upon miR-590-5p inhibition. MiR-590-5p targeted FSTL1 gene and declined its expression, thus suppressing ASMC proliferation and migration following PDGF-BB stimulation and downregulating C-Myc, cyclin D1, and CDK1 expressions. The effects of miR-590-5p on PDGF-BB-induced ASMCs were lost upon FSTL1 overexpression. CONCLUSION: These results support the notion that the lncRNA PVT1/miR-590-5p/FSTL1 axis modulates ASMCs proliferation and migration following PDGF-BB stimulation, providing a potential therapeutic target to attenuate airway remodelling in asthma.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 639592, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790866

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious pregnancy-related disease, and patients usually present with a high inflammatory response. Previous studies have suggested that aspirin (ASP) may have a role in alleviating the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. However, whether ASP can improve kidney damage and the mechanism for improving it is currently unclear. Here we optimized a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced PE mouse model to identify the role of ASP in renal protection. We found that ASP treatment ameliorated LPS-induced renal failure and pathological changes, the tubular injury was significantly attenuated by ASP. Administration of ASP decreased the renal expression of pro-inflammatory factors, resulting in reduced kidney inflammation. The number of GALECTIN-3-positive cells was reduced, and the up-regulation of IL-6 and TNF-α was decreased. In addition, ASP also suppressed renal cell apoptosis and oxidative stress. An in vitro study indicated that ASP relieved LPS-induced HK-2 cell damage by inhibiting WNT5A/NF-κB signaling. Collectively, our data suggest that ASP is a useful therapeutic option for PE-related kidney injury.

8.
Int Urogynecol J ; 2021 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864477

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that differences in post-partum levator hiatus (LH) measurements, as well as the area of urethra and bladder (AUB), viewed under ultrasound, correlate with diastasis rectus abdominis (DRA) occurrence. The primary objective of this study is to determine ultrasound parameters available for diagnosing DRA in post-partum women. We compared LH and AUB measurements under ultrasound in primiparous women, with and without DRA, at 24-26 weeks postpartum. METHODS: One hundred ninety-four women underwent routine examination, including a self-made clinical symptoms questionnaire, DRA evaluation, and LH and AUB measurements. Independent samples t- and chi-squared tests were used to compare the differences between women with and without DRA. RESULTS: DRA incidence was significantly higher among those who underwent cesarean section (CS) than for vaginal delivery (VD) (P = 0.038). DRA patients could potentially have urinary urgency, frequency, pain, dysuria, and perineal tears. Additionally, statistically significant differences were found between VD patients, with or without DRA, in the resting LH transverse diameter (TrD) (P = 0.032) and the area of the levator hiatus (ALH) (P = 0.048) as well as AUB at Valsalva (P = 0.049). No differences, however, were found between the DRA and no DRA groups for all those measurements among women who had cesarean deliveries. CONCLUSIONS: DRA was more likely in post-CS women. Furthermore, the results showed a plausible association between DRA occurrence and LH expansion, especially in women with VD under rest and Valsalva. This could be useful for developing therapeutic plans based on these parameters for post-partum rehabilitation of women with DRA to avoid long-term complications.

9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-14, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794715

RESUMO

Seven new monoterpene alkaloids (1-7), along with 18 known analogues, were isolated from an aqueous decoction of the hook-bearing stems of Uncaria rhynchophylla (Gou-teng). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is the first monoterpene 22-norindoloquinolizidine alkaloid with a ketene unit, while 2 and 3 are unusual indoloquinolizidine alkaloids having an oxazinane ring.

10.
Nat Chem ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859393

RESUMO

Aromatic hydrocarbon belts (AHCBs) have fascinated scientists for over half a century because of their aesthetically appealing structures and potential applications in the field of carbon nanotechnology. One of the enduring challenges in synthesizing AHCBs is how do we cope with the build-up of energy in the highly strained structures during their synthesis? Successful preparations of AHCBs offer the prospect of providing well-defined templates for the growth of uniform single-walled carbon nanotubes-a long-standing interest in nanocarbon science. In this Review, we revisit the protracted historical background involving the rational design and synthesis of AHCBs and highlight some of the more recent breakthroughs, with emphasis being placed on the different strategies that have been used for building up curved and fused benzenoid rings into molecular belts. We also discuss the scientific challenges in this fledgling field and provide some pointers as to what could transpire in years to come.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 332: 125079, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813177

RESUMO

Short-term composting of raw materials for preparing oyster mushroom cultivation media is widely used in China, and its microbial mechanism needs to be further studied. 11-days' peach sawdust-based composting was performed to evaluate material conversion and microbial succession using physicochemical analysis and 16S rRNA and ITS sequencing. Composting bacteria demonstrated much higher abundance than fungi. Firmicutes, Actinobacteriota, and Proteobacteria were the dominant bacterial phyla, while most of fungal species belonged to Ascomycota. Moisture was the key factor at the beginning, while total nitrogen, temperature, and lignin became main influencing factors for composting maturity. Actinobacteriota, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria of bacterial phyla, Eurotiomycetes and Sordariomycetes of fungal classes involved in lignocellulosic degradation. Bacterial function prediction analysis showed that carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism were the main metabolic pathways. These results confer a better understanding of material and microbial succession during short-term composting and also provide valuable utilization in mushroom industry.

12.
Vascul Pharmacol ; : 106864, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865997

RESUMO

Background Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from vascular adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) contribute to the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and vascular remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). This study shows the crucial roles of EVs-mediated miR135a-5p transfer in VSMC proliferation and the underlying mechanisms in hypertension. Methods AFs and VSMCs were obtained from the aorta of Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) and SHR. EVs were isolated from the culture of AFs with ultracentrifugation method. Results MiR135a-5p level in SHR-EVs was significantly increased. MiR135a-5p inhibitor prevented the SHR-EVs-induced VSMC proliferation. Fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5) was a target gene of miR135a-5p. FNDC5 level was lower in VSMCs of SHR. MiR135a-5p inhibitor not only increased FNDC5 expression, but reversed the SHR-EVs-induced FNDC5 downregulation in VSMCs of SHR. MiR135a-5p mimic inhibited FNDC5 expression, but failed to promote the SHR-EVs-induced FNDC5 downregulation in VSMCs of SHR. Exogenous FNDC5 prevented the SHR-EVs-induced VSMC proliferation of both WKY and SHR. Knockdown of miR135a-5p in fibroblasts completely prevented the upregulation of miR135a-5p in the EVs. The SHR-EVs from the miR135a-5p knockdown-treated fibroblasts lost their roles in inhibiting FNDC5 expression and promoting proliferation in VSMCs of both WKY and SHR. Conclusions Increased miR135a-5p in the SHR-EVs promoted VSMC proliferation of WKY and SHR via inhibiting FNDC5 expression. MiR135a-5p and FNDC5 are crucial targets for intervention of VSMC proliferation in hypertension.

13.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847446

RESUMO

We report a simple and efficient Pd/MgO catalyst loaded with ppm level of Pd (7.8 ppm) for semi-hydrogenation of acetylene to ethylene. The catalyst showed excellent performance with high acetylene conversion (97%), high ethylene selectivity (89%) and good stability. Moreover, the atomically dispersed Pd atoms are inactive for ethylene hydrogenation. Isotopic and FTIR results suggest that H 2 dissociates at isolated Pd atoms in a heterolytic manner forming O-H bond, which may account for the high selectivity.

14.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678085

RESUMO

Sophora flavescens Ait. has been utilized as an anticarcinogen, antibacterial and insecticide. Two new prenylflavonoids, Sophoflavonoid A (1) and Sophoflavonoid B (2), together with four known analogues were isolated from the root bark of S. flavescens. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by the interpretation of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence. Their absolute configurations were determined by ECD analysis. The inhibitory effects of compounds 1-6 against three lung carcinoma cells were determined using the MTT assay. The results revealed that compound 3 displayed strong cytotoxic effect against H460 cell line (IC50, 4.67 µM), while compounds 1, 4-6 exhibited significant inhibitory effects against three tumor cells. Therefore, this study suggests that the isopentenyl flavonoid-rich products of S. flavescens, including the new compounds, could be valuable candidates for the development of pharmaceuticals in the prevention and treatment for tumors.

15.
Food Res Int ; 141: 110103, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641970

RESUMO

Nowadays, more and more infants are getting allergic to cow's milk protein, so it is urgent to search for infant formula powder with milk protein alternatives. In the present work, soy protein hydrolysate (SPH) was added to protein-free infant formula powder and the effects of SPH addition on proliferation and metabolism of Streptococcus thermophilus were studied. Compared with commercially available infant formula powder (CK) and protein-free milk powder (BK), the infant formula powder with 20% SPH significantly enhanced the proliferation of S. thermophilus in MRS medium, resulting in a higher cell density and greater viable counts. Moreover, the influence of SPH on the metabolism of S. thermophilus was investigated by analyzing the content of seven organic acids and H2O2 in the medium. The higher content of organic acids and H2O2 is consistent with the stronger antibacterial activity to Escherichia coli. As a consequence, the addition of SPH to infant formula powder can effectively promote the growth of probiotics and SPH may be a promising protein alternative in the infant formula powder.

16.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 21, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the widespread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the world, it is important to understand the spatiotemporal development of the pandemic. In this study, we aimed to visualize time-associated alterations of COVID-19 in the context of continents and countries. METHODS: Using COVID-19 case and death data from February to December 2020 offered by Johns Hopkins University, we generated time-associated balloon charts with multiple epidemiological indicators including crude case fatality rate (CFR), morbidity, mortality and the total number of cases, to compare the progression of the pandemic within a specific period across regions and countries, integrating seven related dimensions together. The area chart is used to supplement the display of the balloon chart in daily new COVID-19 case changes in UN geographic regions over time. Javascript and Vega-Lite were chosen for programming and mapping COVID-19 data in browsers for visualization. RESULTS: From February 1st to December 20th 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic spread across UN subregions in the chronological order. It was first reported in East Asia, and then became noticeable in Europe (South, West and North), North America, East Europe and West Asia, Central and South America, Southern Africa, Caribbean, South Asia, North Africa, Southeast Asia and Oceania, causing several waves of epidemics in different regions. Since October, the balloons of Europe, North America and West Asia have been rising rapidly, reaching a dramatically high morbidity level ranging from 200 to 500/10 000 by December, suggesting an emerging winter wave of COVID-19 which was much bigger than the previous ones. By late December 2020, some European and American countries displayed a leading mortality as high as or over 100/100 000, represented by Belgium, Czechia, Spain, France, Italy, UK, Hungary, Bulgaria, Peru, USA, Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico. The mortality of Iran was the highest in Asia (over 60/100 000), and that of South Africa topped in Africa (40/100 000). In the last 15 days, the CFRs of most countries were at low levels of less than 5%, while Mexico had exceptional high CFR close to 10%. CONCLUSIONS: We creatively used visualization integrating 7-dimensional epidemiologic and spatiotemporal indicators to assess the progression of COVID-19 pandemic in terms of transmissibility and severity. Such methodology allows public health workers and policy makers to understand the epidemics comparatively and flexibly.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Gráficos por Computador , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Espaço-Temporal
17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(7): 654-665, 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most effective treatment for advanced cirrhosis and portal hypertension is liver transplantation (LT). However, splenomegaly and hypersplenism can persist even after LT in patients with massive splenomegaly. AIM: To examine the feasibility of performing partial splenectomy during LT in patients with advanced cirrhosis combined with severe splenomegaly and hypersplenism. METHODS: Between October 2015 and February 2019, 762 orthotopic LTs were performed for patients with end-stage liver diseases in Tianjin First Center Hospital. Eighty-four cases had advanced cirrhosis combined with severe splenomegaly and hypersplenism. Among these patients, 41 received partial splenectomy during LT (PSLT group), and 43 received only LT (LT group). Patient characteristics, intraoperative parameters, and postoperative outcomes were retrospectively analyzed and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of postoperative hypersplenism (2/41, 4.8%) and recurrent ascites (1/41, 2.4%) in the PSLT group was significantly lower than that in the LT group (22/43, 51.2%; 8/43, 18.6%, respectively). Seventeen patients (17/43, 39.5%) in the LT group required two-stage splenic embolization, and further splenectomy was required in 6 of them. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in the PSLT group (8.6 ± 1.3 h; 640.8 ± 347.3 mL) were relatively increased compared with the LT group (6.8 ± 0.9 h; 349.4 ± 116.1 mL). The incidence of postoperative bleeding, pulmonary infection, thrombosis and splenic arterial steal syndrome in the PSLT group was not different to that in the LT group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous PSLT is an effective treatment and should be performed in patients with advanced cirrhosis combined with severe splenomegaly and hypersplenism to prevent postoperative persistent hypersplenism.

18.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(3): e337, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) exhibits the poorest prognosis of all solid tumors with a 5-year survival rate of less than 10% and a median survival of 6 months after diagnosis. Numerous targeted agents have been developed and evaluated to improve the survival benefit in patients with PDAC. Unfortunately, most agents have been proven futile mainly owing to the dense stroma and the sophisticated signaling pathways of PDAC. Here, we show the potent effectiveness of Aptamer-SH2 superbinder-(Arg)9 conjugate on the treatment of PDAC. In this conjugate, DNA aptamer selected against PDAC cell line confers the function of specifically recognizing and binding to the PDAC cells and activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) in stroma; cell penetrating peptide (Arg)9 facilitates the intracellular delivery of fused proteins; SH2 superbinder conducts the drastic blockade of multiple phosphotyrosines (pY)-based signaling pathways in tumor cells. METHODS: PDAC-associated pY were reanalyzed by bioinformatics screen. XQ-2d and SH2 superbinder-(Arg)9 were crosslinked with BMH to form XQ-2d-SH2 CM-(Arg)9 conjugate. Immunofluorescence was utilized to assess the potency of the conjugate entering cells. MTT and wound healing assays were performed to evaluate the proliferation or migration of PANC-1 and BxPC-3 cells, respectively. Western blot and Pulldown assays revealed that conjugate influenced several pY-based signaling pathways. Tumor-bearing mice were used to validate XQ-2d-SH2 CM-(Arg)9, which restrained the growth and metastasis of cancer cells. RESULTS: XQ-2d-His-SH2 CM-(Arg)9 conjugate restrained proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of PDAC cells with potent efficacy via blocking the activity of several pY-related signaling cascades. XQ-2d-His-SH2 CM-(Arg)9 could eliminate the dense stroma of PDAC and then arrive at tumor tissues. CONCLUSIONS: XQ-2d-SH2 CM-(Arg)9 conjugate may efficiently destroy the pancreatic stroma and show potent antitumor efficacy with minimal toxic effect by regulating tumor cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, which makes it to be a promising targeted therapy of PDAC.

19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(8): 666-676, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33716446

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (CHB) is a public health concern worldwide. Current therapies utilizing nucleos(t)ide analogs (NA) have not resulted in a complete cure for CHB. Furthermore, patients on long-term NA treatment often develop low-level viremia (LLV). Persistent LLV, in addition to causing the progression of liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma, may shed light on the current plight of NA therapy. Here, we review the literature on LLV, NA treatment, and various doses of entecavir to find a strategy for improving the efficacy of this antiviral agent. For LLV patients, three therapeutic options are available, switching to another antiviral monotherapy, interferon-α switching therapy, and continuing monotherapy. In real-world clinical practice, entecavir overdose has been used in antiviral therapy for CHB patients with NA refractory and persistent LLV, which encouraged us to conduct further in-depth literature survey on dosage and duration related entecavir studies. The studies of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics show that entecavir has the maximal selected index for safety, and has great potential in inhibiting HBV replication, in all of the NAs. In the particular section of the drug approval package published by the United States Food and Drug Administration, entecavir doses 2.5-20 mg/d do not increase adverse events, and entecavir doses higher than 1.0 mg/d might improve the antiviral efficacy. The literature survey led us to two suggestions: (1) Increasing entecavir dose to 1.0 mg/d for the treatment of NA naïve patients with HBV DNA >2 × 106 IU/mL is feasible and would provide better prognosis; and (2) Further research is needed to assess the long-term toxic effects of higher entecavir doses (2.5 and 5.0 mg/d), which may prove beneficial in treating patients with prior NA treatment, partial virological response, or LLV state.

20.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21782, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724519

RESUMO

In Leptinotarsa decemlineata, a final-instar wandering larva typically undergoes an ontogenetic niche shift (ONS), from potato plant during the foraging stage to its pupation site below ground. Using high-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene, we determined the hypothesis that the L. decemlineata pupae harbor stage-specific bacteria to meet the physiological requirements for underground habitat. We identified 34 bacterial phyla, comprising 73 classes, 208 orders, 375 families, and 766 genera in the collected specimens. Microbes across phyla Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were enriched in the pupae, while those in the phylum Proteobacteria, Tenericutes, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes dominated in the larvae and adults. A total of 18 genera, including Blastococcus, Corynebacterium_1, Gordonia, Microbacterium, Nocardia, Nocardioides, Rhodococcus, Solirubrobacter, Tsukamurella, Enterococcus, Acinetobacter, Escherichia_Shigella, Lysobacter, Pseudomonas, and Stenotrophomonas, were specifically distributed in pupae. Moreover, soil sterilizing removed a major portion of bacteria in pupae. Specifically, both Enterococcus and Pseudomonas were eliminated in the soil sterilizing and antibiotic-fed beetle groups. Furthermore, the pupation rate and fresh pupal weight were similar, whereas the emergence rate and adult weight were decreased in the antibiotic-fed beetles, compared with controls. The results demonstrate that a switch of bacterial communities occurs in the pupae; the pupal-specific bacteria genera are mainly originated from soil; this bacterial biodiversity improves pupa performance in soil. Our results provide new insight into the evolutionary fitness of L. decemlineata to different environmental niches.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...