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1.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104403, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676396

RESUMO

Ailanthus altissima Swingle is a deciduous tree, belonging to the Simaroubaceae family. Phytochemical investigation of the root barks of A. altissima showed the presence of eight pairs of enantiomeric 8,4'-type oxyneolignans (1a/1b-8a/8b) including nine undescribed compounds (1b, 2a, 3a/3b, 4a/4b, 5b, 7b, 8a). Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, and their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of the experimental and quantum chemical calculations of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) curves. In addition, their neuroprotective effects against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were investigated. Among them, 4a, 4b, and 8b exhibited moderate neuroprotective activity.

2.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104411, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705951

RESUMO

Eleven sesquiterpenoids including four new eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, solanoids A-D (1-4), and seven known compounds (5-11) were isolated from the herbs of Solanum lyratum. By analyzing the UV, MS and NMR data, the gross structures of all isolates were established. The absolute configurations of these new compounds were determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. The in vitro cytotoxicity of all isolates against the hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B and HepG2 cell lines was evaluated. Among them, compounds 7 and 11 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against two cell lines.

3.
J Inorg Biochem ; 203: 110905, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707333

RESUMO

Marbofloxacin (MB) is a newly developed veterinary drug with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. In this study, a new calcium(II)-based complex of marbofloxacin, MB-Ca, was synthesized and structurally characterized by IR, ESI-MS, UV-Vis and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The characterization of this complex in solution state indicated that the coordinated MB-Ca was partly retained, along with the monomeric and dimeric forms of MB. It also showed satisfactory water solubility (1.89 mg/mL), comparing with MB (2.82 mg/mL) at 35 °C. The in vitro antibacterial activity of MB-Ca was also screened towards a series of typical pathogenic bacteria, and determined by the methods of turbidimetry and disc diffusion. The results indicated it showed comparable antibacterial activity to MB. However, it exhibited higher inhibitive ability in vitro on DNA gyrase than MB alone. Furthermore, MB-Ca showed significantly lower acute toxicity (LD50, 3186 mg/kg) than MB (LD50, 1294 mg/kg) in mice, based on the in vivo acute toxicity test. The histopathological examination on the major organs of the mice by the oral administration of MB-Ca did not show obvious organic lesions, which is similar to those treated by MB. The research results suggest that MB-Ca could be further developed into a new promising metal-based veterinary drug and a better substitute of MB, showing unabated antibacterial activity along with lower toxicity.

4.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 319, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ChondroT is a complex herbal medicine consisting of water extracts of Ostericum koreanum (Maxim.) Kitag., Lonicera japonica Thunb., Angelica gigas Nakai, Clematis manshurica Rupr., and Phellodendron amurense Rupr. (6:4:4:4:3). Previous studies have reported that ChondroT possesses chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory, anti-osteoarthritic, and anti-hyperuricemic activities. The study is aim to demonstrate the effects of ChondroT and its five constituent herbs on receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Osteoclastogenesis was identified in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining assay, actin ring formation assay and the bone resorption assay. For the molecular mechanisms, activation of RANKL-induced NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways and the expression levels of osteoclast-specific proteins were investigated by Western blotting. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay. Actin ring formation and NF-κB translocation were evaluated by immunostaining. RESULTS: ChondroT and each of its constituent herbs significantly suppressed osteoclast differentiation dose dependently, and decreased actin ring formation as well as bone-resorbing capacity. Mechanistically, ChondroT and its constituent herbs downregulated the expressional levels of osteoclast-specific proteins such as NFATc1, c-Fos, Cathepsin K, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) by suppressing NF-κB translocation to nucleus and MAPKs phosphorylation at different levels. Compared to its five constituent herbs, ChondroT exhibited the best inhibitory efficiency against osteoclastogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, ChondroT has anti-osteoclastogenesis properties by inhibiting NF-κB and MAPKs pathways. It could be considered as a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of osteoclast-related bone diseases.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754765

RESUMO

Currently, knowledge of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in insects including honeybee is extremely limited. Here, differential expression profiles and regulatory networks of circRNAs in the midguts of Apis cerana cerana workers were comprehensively investigated using transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics. In total, 9589 circRNAs (201-800 nt in length) were identified from 8-day-old and 11-day-old workers' midguts (Ac1 and Ac2); among them, 5916 (61.70%) A. cerana cerana circRNAs showed conservation with our previously indentified circRNAs in Apis mellifera ligucstica workers' midguts (Xiong et al., Acta Entomologica Sinica 61:1363-1375, 2018). Five circRNAs were confirmed by RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. Interestingly, novel_circ_003723, novel_circ_002714, novel_circ_002451, and novel_circ_001980 were highly expressed in both Ac1 and Ac2. In addition, the source genes of circRNAs were involved in 34 GO terms including organelle and cellular process and 141 pathways such as endocytosis and Wnt signaling pathway. Moreover, 55 DEcircRNAs including 34 upregulated and 21 downregulated circRNAs were identified in Ac2 compared with Ac1. circRNA-miRNA regulatory networks indicated that 1060 circRNAs can target 74 miRNAs; additionally, the DEcircRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks suggested that 13 downregulated circRNAs can bind to eight miRNAs and 29 miRNA-targeted mRNAs, while 16 upregulated circRNAs can link to 9 miRNAs and 29 miRNA-targeted mRNAs. These results indicated that DEcircRNAs as ceRNAs may play a comprehensive role in the growth, development, and metabolism of the worker's midgut via regulating source genes and interacting with miRNAs. Notably, eight DEcircRNAs targeting miR-6001-y were likely to be key participants in the midgut development. Our findings not only offer a valuable resource for further studies on A. cerana cerana circRNA and novel insights into understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the midgut development of eastern honeybee but also provide putative circRNA candidates for functional research in the near future and novel biomarkers for identification of eastern honeybee species including A. cerana cerana and honeybee diseases such as chalkbrood and microsporidiosis.

6.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 4211-4221, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713444

RESUMO

At present, cancer is the first cause of death for humans, but early detection and treatment can help improve prognoses and reduce mortality. However, further development of carrier-assistant drug delivery systems (DDSs) is retarded by the aspects such as the low drug-carrying capacity, carrier-induced toxicity and immunogenicity, complex synthesis manipulation. The development of nanoscale drug delivery systems (NDDS) have been rapidly developed to address these issues. In this article, we used PLGA-PEG with good biocompatibility to encapsulate Fe3O4 nanoparticles (a magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent) and DOX (an antitumour drug) via the emulsion-solvent evaporation method, aimed at achieving a dual function of the early detection and the treatment of mammary cancer. The results showed that the Fe3O4/DOX/PLGA-PEG nanoparticles had a relatively uniform size, a high carrier rate of Fe3O4 and high encapsulation efficiency of DOX, and a relatively high activity of released DOX within 120 h. In addition, in vitro studies showed that the Fe3O4/DOX/PLGA-PEG nanoparticles were cytocompatibility in NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells culture study while had a special effect on destroying human breast cancer MCF-7 cells compared with pure DOX solution. In vitro studies revealed that the Fe3O4/DOX/PLGA-PEG enabled enhanced T2 contrast magnetic resonance. Overall, our multifunctional Fe3O4/DOX/PLGA-PEG nanoparticles, composed of biocompatible substances and therapeutic/imaging materials, have great potential for the early detection of cancer and accurate drug delivery via the dynamic monitoring using MRI.

8.
Ann Hematol ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768677

RESUMO

For acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with nucleophosmin 1 mutation (NPM1m), multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) are used to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD). However, the results of the two methods are sometimes inconsistent. This study was designed to analyze how to address the discordant results of FCM and RQ-PCR in AML patients undergoing chemotherapy, especially when positive FCM (FCM+) and negative NPM1m (NPM1m-) results are detected in the same sample. Our study included 93 AML patients with NPM1m positive (NPM1m+) who received chemotherapy but did not undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We monitored NPM1m and leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) by RQ-PCR and FCM, respectively, to assess MRD after each chemotherapy course. After each course of chemotherapy, all patients were classified into four groups based on the results of FCM and RQ-PCR: both negative (group 1, FCM-NPM1m-), single positive (group 2, FCM-NPM1m+; group 3, FCM+NPM1m-), or both positive (group 4, FCM+NPM1m+). The results showed that there was not a significant difference in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) after each course of chemotherapy between group 2 and group 3. Furthermore, patients in groups 2 and 3 had a lower 2-year CIR than those in group 4 and a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. The patients in group 4 had a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. These results suggested that in the MRD monitoring process of AML patients, when the results of FCM and RQ-PCR are inconsistent (especially when FCM is positive and NPM1m is negative), these single-positive results still have predictive significance for relapse.

9.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769777

RESUMO

Cytarabine (Ara-C) is an essential medicine used in the clinical treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, Ara-C suffers from high hydrophilicity, rapid plasma degradation and significant side effects. Thus, herein, to eliminate the limitations of Ara-C in the treatment of leukemia, Sgc8 aptamer targeting and glutathione (GSH)-responsive polymeric micelles (PCL-ss-Ara@Sgc8-BSA) were prepared. The prodrug was synthesized via covalent bond formation between acryloyl chloride-terminal PCL-ss-PCL and Ara-C, and surface decoration with Sgc8-bovine serum albumin (Sgc8-BSA). The obtained PCL-ss-Ara@Sgc8-BSA exhibited good GSH-responsive drug release behavior, obvious targetability and sufficient antitumor effect to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells (CCRF-CEM). A hemolysis test was further carried out to demonstrate that these polymeric micelles are safe to be administrated intravenously. Compared with free Ara-C, PCL-ss-Ara@Sgc8-BSA significantly enhanced tumor growth inhibition in mice bearing CCRF-CEM xenograft tumors, while causing little side effects, and improved the survival rate of CCRF-CEM tumor-bearing mice in vivo. Therefore, this new self-assembling small molecular prodrug equipped with Sgc8 targeting function is a potential treatment for the targeted therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

10.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724393

RESUMO

ICP-MS is powerful in evaluating elemental species at the single-cell level, where high throughput/efficiency/precision are the keys for achieving statistically significant information based on massive data. We report an ultrahigh-throughput single-cell sampling system, consisting of a 3D spiral-helix tubing array to facilitate single-cell focusing into an orderly flow by inertial lift force and Dean drag force. The spiral-helix array ensures a superb single-cell sampling rate of 40 000 cells min-1 at a favorable temporal-spatial resolution of 41.55 ± 17.46 µm (distance between adjacent cells) or 0.97 ± 0.41 ms (time interval between adjacent cells). With a laboratory-made nebulization device, a cell measurement efficiency up to 42.1 ± 7.2% is achieved in ICP-MS assay. Analysis of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) in living K562 cells after incubation illustrates obvious diversification of AuNPs among cells. The ultrahigh throughput and cell measurement efficiency generate massive data on single-cell assay, make statistical analysis more comprehensive, and enable interpreting extremely subtle differences among individual cells.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715570

RESUMO

In this paper, a reconfigurable and scalable spiking neural network processor, containing 192 neurons and 6144 synapses, is developed. By using deep compression technique in spiking neural network chip, the amount of physical synapses can be reduced to 1/16 of that needed in the original network, while the accuracy is maintained. This compression technique can greatly reduce the number of SRAMs inside the chip as well as the power consumption of the chip. This design achieves throughput per unit area of 1.1 GSOP/( s·mm2) at 1.2 V, and energy consumed per SOP of 35 pJ. A 2-layer fully-connected spiking neural network is mapped to the chip, and thus the chip is able to realize handwritten digit recognition on MNIST with an accuracy of 91.2%.

13.
Physiol Plant ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593297

RESUMO

To explore the regulatory mechanisms involved in the adaption to nitrogen (N) deficiency of wild soybean, the ion balance, photosynthetic characteristics, metabolic and transcriptional changes in leaves of common and low N (LN)-tolerant wild soybean seedlings under LN stress were determined. The LN-tolerant wild soybean seedlings showed a stronger ability to maintain photosynthesis and nutrient balance than common wild soybean. A total of 52 differentially accumulated metabolites, mainly related to carbon and N metabolism, were identified between the control and the LN treatment group. In general, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, shikimic acid pathway, synthetase/glutamate synthase (GS/GOGAT) cycle and accumulation of most organic acids were enhanced in LN-tolerant wild soybean, while reduced in common wild soybean under LN stress compared with their respective control group. Moreover, glycolysis, sugar and polyol and fatty acid metabolism increased in both wild soybean genotypes, and increased more in LN-tolerant wild soybean. A total of 3381 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in leaves of both wild soybean genotypes and the expressed level of DEGs associated with sugars, polyols, fatty acids and energy metabolism was significantly higher in LN-tolerant wild soybean than in common wild soybean, consistent with changes in metabolite level. Our results suggest new ideas for the study of LN tolerance of wild soybean and provide a theoretical basis for development and utilization of wild soybean resources.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15165, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619726

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1017-1022, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a new strain of HBeAg transgenic mice using CRISPR/Cas9 technique. METHODS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) HBeAg gene was cloned and inserted in the pliver-HBeAg expression frame at the site of Rosa26 gene using CRISPR/Cas9 and homologous recombination techniques to construct the pliver-HBeAg expression vector containing HBeAg gene. The linear DNA fragment containing HBeAg gene was obtained by enzyme digestion. Cas9 mRNA, gRNA and the donor vector were microinjected into fertilized eggs of C57BL/6J mice, which were then transplanted into the uterus of C57BL/6J female surrogate mice to obtain F0 generation mice. The F0 generation mice were identified by long fragment PCR to obtain F0 transgenic mice with HBeAg gene. The positive F0 generation mice were bred with wild-type C57BL/6J mice to produce the F1 mice, which were identified by PCR and sequencing. The positive F1 transgenic mice carrying HBeAg gene were backcrossed until the homozygous offspring transgenic mice were obtained. The genotypes of the offspring mice were identified. The expressions of HBeAg and HBeAb in the heterozygous and homozygous HBeAg transgenic mice were detected by automatic chemiluminescence immunoassay, immune colloidal gold technique and immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS: A total of 56 F0 mice were obtained, and 2 of them carried homologous recombined HBeAg gene. Six positive F1 mice were obtained, from which 22 homozygous and 29 heterozygous F2 generation HBeAg transgenic mice were obtained. High concentration of HBeAg protein was detected in the peripheral blood of all the positive HBeAg transgenic mice without HBeAb expression. HBeAg expression was detected in the hepatocytes of HBeAg transgenic mice. CONCLUSIONS: We obtained a new strain of HBeAg transgenic mice with stable expression of HBeAg in the hepatocytes and immune tolerance to HBeAg using CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which provide a new animal model for studying HBV.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/genética , Camundongos Transgênicos , Animais , Feminino , Vetores Genéticos , Vírus da Hepatite B , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 226: 117624, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605965

RESUMO

The structure and hydrogen-bond interaction property of water and a model ionic liquid (IL): 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM][BF4]) were studied using the combination of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The O‒D stretching vibration region of the deuterated water was an area of special focus. Excess infrared spectroscopy with enhanced resolution was applied to analyse the original infrared spectra of v(O‒D). It is found that: (1) [BMIM][BF4] forms stable hydrogen-bonds with water in the mixture. (2) The hydrogen-bonds are weak strength, closed shell and electrostatic dominant interactions. The preferred interaction site of [BMIM]+ cation is the hydrogen atom at the C2. (3) Cage hexamer water, cyclic tetramer water, cyclic trimer water, ion cluster-water complex, ion pair-water, and anion-water complexes are identified in the mixture. When the mole fraction of D2O (x(D2O)) is larger than 0.9, ion cluster and ion pair were broken apart into individual cations and anions. The cage hexamer water, cyclic tetramer water, and cyclic trimer water disappear at x(D2O) < 0.8, 0.5, and 0.3, respectively. HDO formed by H/D isotope exchange was detected when x(D2O) is less than 0.3.

17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 226: 117641, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606676

RESUMO

The mixtures of ionic liquid (IL) and acetonitrile (CH3CN) can be used as reaction media, supercapacitors and thermally stable electrolytes. The macroscopic properties of ILs-CH3CN mixtures have been extensively studied. However, some fundamental questions regarding the microscopic properties of ILs-CH3CN mixtures still remain to be answered. In this work, the structure properties and hydrogen-bond interactions of two task-specific ILs, i.e., 1-propylnitrile-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([PCNMIM][Tf2N]) and 1-(2'-hydroxylethyl)-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C2OHMIM][Tf2N]), and CH3CN were studied using the combination of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The aromatic C‒H stretching vibration region of the cation was an area of special focus. Excess infrared spectroscopy with enhanced resolution was applied to analyse the original infrared spectra. It is found that: (1) The two ILs form stable hydrogen-bonds with CH3CN. (2) Ion cluster, ion cluster-acetonitrile, and ion pair-acetonitrile are identified in the mixture. Acetonitrile cannot break apart the strong electronic interaction between the cation and anion in the examined concentration range. (3) The hydrogen-bonds are weak strength, closed shell and electrostatic dominant interactions. (4) The preferred interaction site of [PCNMIM]+ cation is the hydrogen atom at the C2 site, while that of [C2OHMIM]+ cation is the hydrogen atom in the hydroxyl group.

18.
Am J Chin Med ; 47(7): 1571-1588, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645121

RESUMO

Canavalia gladiata, known as sword bean, has been used as a Chinese traditional medicine for anti-inflammatory effects. However, the action mechanisms of sword bean have not yet been clearly defined. In the present study, the whole parts of a ripened sword bean (RSB) and the green sword bean (GSB) containing bean pod were extracted with ethanol by reflux extraction. The two crude extracts (RSBE and GSBE) from RSB and GSB were validated by a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis of gallic acid as a reference chemical. The anti-inflammatory effects of two sword bean extracts were extensively investigated using LPS-stimulated macrophage cells. First, RSBE and GSBE significantly inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandinE2 (PGE2), and nitric oxide (NO) in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. RSBE and GSBE showed no cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophage cells. In addition, the overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induced by LPS in RAW264.7 cells was significantly decreased by RSBE and GSBE. Western blotting and immunostaining analysis showed that RSBE and GSBE inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunits, which correlated with the inhibitory effects on inhibitor kappa B (IκB) degradation. In dextran sulfated sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mice model, RSBE restored body weight, colon length, and the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-6, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). In addition, RSBE significantly suppressed the expression of COX-2, iNOS, and NF-κB.

19.
Acta Biomater ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586729

RESUMO

Excessive inflammation and reduced angiogenesis are two major obstacles in burn wound healing and skin regeneration. Here we report the fabrication and application of a sophisticated hydrogel from chemically modified hyaluronic acid (HA), dextran (Dex), and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) integrating resveratrol (Res) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plasmid as the anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic components for burn wounds. Firstly, covalent alterations were conducted to obtain methacrylic acid anhydride modified HA (HAMA), N-hydroxyethylacrylamide (HEAA) modified Dex (Dex-HEAA), and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl acrylate (526) modified ß-CD (526-ß-CD), respectively. Secondly, anti-inflammatory substance Res was embedded into the lipophilic central cavity of 526-ß-CD to achieve a complex of 526-ß-CD-Res. Then hydrogels with different HAMA, Dex-HEAA, and 526-ß-CD-Res ratios were generated via UV irradiation. Lastly, plasmid DNA encoded with vascular endothelial growth factor (pDNA-VEGF) conjugating with polyethylenimine was loaded into the hydrogel scaffold. Combining the benefits of all components of the scaffold, the hydrogel embedded with Res and VEGF (Gel-Res/pDNA-VEGF) accelerated the splinted excisional burn wound healing, particularly by inhibiting inflammation response and promoting microvascular formation while being biocompatible. The Res and VEGF gene loaded hydrogel system can be considered as a promising wound dressing for the treatment of various types of wounds. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Combining the benefits of all components of the scaffold, the hydrogel embedded with Res and VEGF (Gel-Res/pDNA-VEGF) accelerated the splinted excisional burn wound healing, particularly by inhibiting inflammation response and promoting microvascular formation while being biocompatible. The Res and VEGF gene loaded hydrogel system can be considered as a promising wound dressing for the treatment of various types of wounds.

20.
Bioorg Chem ; 93: 103354, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629256

RESUMO

Eleven aromatic compounds, including four pairs of undescribed phenylpropanoids and two undescribed dibenzofurans (1a/1b-4a/4b and 5-6), were isolated from the fruits of C. pinnatifida. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses. Their relative and absolute configurations were determined by the assistance of quantum chemical calculations of NMR chemical shifts and electronic circular dichroism (ECD). All isolates were screened for the cytotoxicity against two human hepatoma cell lines, HepG2 and Hep3B. It was found that compound 7 exhibited noticeable cytotoxicity against both cells with the IC50 values of 12.24 (HepG2) and 24.90 (Hep3B) µM. Further Annexin VFITC/ PI staining assay suggested that 7 could induce apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner to exert antiproliferative activities on hepatoma cells.

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