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Cell Cycle ; 19(12): 1492-1501, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324084


Ring1 and Yin Yang 1-Binding Protein (RYBP) is a member of non-canonical polycomb repressive complex 1 to mediate monoubiquitination of histone H2A at lysine 119. It plays an important role in development, but its role in reproduction remains illusive. In this study, we used Rybp conditional knockout mouse model to genetically ablate Rybp in male germ cells. We found that Rybp deficiency during spermatogenesis led to smaller testes, loss of germline cells, disturbed meiosis, increased apoptosis of spermatocytes, decreased sperm motility, and reduced global H3K9me3, without impacting retrotransposon expression. Meanwhile, we depleted Rybp during oogenesis, but oocyte maturation and preimplantation development were normal. Our findings demonstrate that RYBP plays important roles in spermatogenesis through regulating meiosis and sperm motility.

Yi Chuan ; 41(10): 950-961, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624057


SOX2 (sex determining region Y-box2) is one of the critical pluripotent factors that play a crucial role in the first lineage differentiation and maintenance of pluripotency in inner cell mass during early embryonic development. However, there are few researches about the regulation of the SOX2 promoter, especially in Sus scrofa. To analyzed the activity of SOX2 promoter in early porcine embryos, we determined the control system and established the microinjection system for assessing SOX2 promoter activity by analyzing the embryonic development and the expression of enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) after micro-injected different EGFP plasmids at different times after activation of the oocytes. Then, we analyzed the structure of 5000 bp upstream of the SOX2 translation initiation site and found there were four transcription factor binding site clusters. Next, we designed and constructed promoter-containing plasmids to analyze the function of each cluster. To detect the activity of different promoters, we assessed the mCherry expression in protein levels and mRNA levels by analyzing the mCherry fluorescence intensity and qRT-PCR after injecting plasmids into embryos. These results showed that the activity of the shorted promoter, with the region from 2254 bp to 2442 bp upstream of translation initiation site deleted, decreased to 17.8% at 4-cell and 8-cell stages compared with the full-length promoter. This region included two NF-AT transcription factor binding sites, which indicated that the NF-AT binding site is a key region to regulate the activity of the SOX2 promoter. The results provide important data for determination the mechanism of porcine SOX2 regulation.

Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Diferenciação Celular , Embrião de Mamíferos , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC , Plasmídeos , Suínos