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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211004520, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of psychological intervention on the prognosis of patients with C4 dislocation and spinal cord injury. METHODS: We investigated target patients admitted between 2010 and 2018. Patients' mental state, quality of life and neurological function at different time points were evaluated to examine the relationship between psychological intervention and recovery and prognosis of acute and critical spinal cord injury. RESULTS: All patients showed improvements in clinical symptoms, neurological function and quality of life. Psychological intervention significantly improved Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale score, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale score and SF-36 Mental Component Summary score within 3 months. Japanese Orthopaedic Association neurological function score and SF-36 Physical Component Summary score were significantly improved after 1-year follow-up. Psychological intervention did not improve 2-year survival. CONCLUSION: Timely and professional psychological intervention can eliminate the psychological disorders of C4 dislocation patients with spinal cord injury. This has a positive effect on their quality of life and prognosis.

2.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814153

RESUMO

There has been a growing interest in cofermentation of starter cultures with probiotics in milk. In this study, we analyzed the effects of adding the single probiotics Lactobacillus casei Zhang (Zhang) or Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Probio-M8 (M8) or a combination of Zhang and M8 to starter cultures on volatile and nonvolatile metabolomic profiles after 14 d of storage at 4°C and compared using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and GC-MS-based metabolomics approach. Principal component analysis, heatmap plots, and Spearman correlation results showed that Zhang alone had a greater effect on volatile and nonvolatile metabolomic profiles than M8 alone. The combination of Zhang and M8 had additive effects on the production of metabolites. For volatile metabolites, the levels of acetaldehyde, diacetyl, acetoin, and acetic acid were higher for the combination of Zhang and M8 compared with either single probiotic culture. Significantly increased nonvolatile components induced by adding Zhang were identified were enriched in the galactose, amino- and nucleotide sugar, fructose and mannose, purine, phenylalanine metabolism, and arginine biosynthesis pathways. The metabolism and biosynthesis of starch, sucrose, tyrosine, galactose metabolism, and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis were significantly upregulated by adding the combination of Zhang and M8. This work provides a detailed insight into different effects of Zhang and M8 used alone or in combination on the volatile and nonvolatile metabolomic profiles of yogurts.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248154, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia will burden child health and well-being. To date, our understanding about the situation and risk factors of perinatal asphyxia-induced disabilities among Chinese children is still limited. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and socio-demographic risk factors of disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia among Chinese children in 2006 and compare disability trajectories across different socio-demographic status. METHODS: Cross-sectional data came from the 2006 China National Survey on Disability which includes a total of 616,940 children aged 0-17 years old was employed in the investigation. Perinatal asphyxia-induced disabilities were identified by following the guidance in consensus manuals. Population-weighted numbers and prevalence rates were investigated, and multivariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate associations between disabilities and socio-demographic factors. Adjusted predictions at representative values were computed to compare the disability trajectories relative to significant socio-demographic variables. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia was 7.70 per 10,000 children (95% CI: 7.01-8.39). Male (OR 1.81, 95% CI: 1.47-2.23) and low family income (OR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.21-2.49) have higher and the increase of per additional year of age (OR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.88-0.91) has lower probability of being disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia. Further disability trajectories showed that differences in probability between gender and family income group were more evident before age 7 and weakened with increasing age. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that both demographic and socioeconomic characteristics are risk factors for disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia. Of these, gender and family income have much higher impact than other factors on the prevalence rate of disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia at infants and young children. Multiple society sectors should increase their effort to bring about fundamental social change to prevent disabilities caused by perinatal asphyxia, especially concerning younger children and their families.

4.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664417

RESUMO

Caffeine induces multiple vascular effects. In this study we investigated the angiogenic effect of physiological concentrations of caffeine with focus on endothelial cell behaviors (migration and proliferation) during angiogenesis and its mitochondrial and bioenergetic mechanisms. We showed that caffeine (10-50 µM) significantly enhanced angiogenesis in vitro, evidenced by concentration-dependent increases in tube formation, and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) without affecting cell proliferation. Caffeine (50 µM) enhanced endothelial migration via activation of cAMP/PKA/AMPK signaling pathway, which was mimicked by cAMP analog 8-Br-cAMP, and blocked by PKA inhibitor H89, adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 or AMPK inhibitor compound C. Furthermore, caffeine (50 µM) induced significant mitochondrial shortening through the increased phosphorylation of mitochondrial fission protein dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) in HUVECs, which increased its activity to regulate mitochondrial fission. Pharmacological blockade of Drp1 by Mdivi-1 (10 µM) or disturbance of mitochondrial fission by Drp1 silencing markedly suppressed caffeine-induced lamellipodia formation and endothelial cell migration. Moreover, we showed that caffeine-induced mitochondrial fission led to accumulation of more mitochondria in lamellipodia regions and augmentation of mitochondrial energetics, both of which were necessary for cell migration. In a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia, administration of caffeine (0.05% in 200 mL drinking water daily, for 14 days) significantly promoted angiogenesis and perfusion as well as activation of endothelial AMPK signaling in the ischemic hindlimb. Taken together, caffeine induces mitochondrial fission through cAMP/PKA/AMPK signaling pathway. Mitochondrial fission is an integral process in caffeine-induced endothelial cell migration by altering mitochondrial distribution and energetics.

5.
J Rehabil Med ; 53(3): jrm00165, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of tai chi on metabolic control and body composition indicators in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of existing literature. METHODS: Electronic resource databases were searched to collect eligible studies. Two reviewers selected studies and independently evaluated method-ological quality. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that tai chi had significant effects in improving metabolic indices, such as fasting blood glucose (mean differ-ence (MD) = -1.04; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) -1.42 to 0.66; p < 0.01) and total cholesterol (MD = -0.50; 95% CI -0.86 to -0.13; p < 0.01) compared with conventional clinical therapy. Most in-dices did not support the use of tai chi over aerobic exercise, except for glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (MD = -0.24; 95% CI -0.49 to 0.00; p < 0.01) and high-density lipoprotein (MD = 0.07; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.12; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Tai chi had better effects on metabolic control and body composition indicators than clinical conventional therapy, but only on HbA1c and HDL were superior than that of aerobic exercise. The best time-window for tai chi intervention may differ with different metabolic indices.

6.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596656

RESUMO

Efficient endosomal escape is the most essential but challenging issue for siRNA drug development. Herein, a series of quaternary ammonium-based amphiphilic triblock polymers harnessing an elaborately tailored pH-sensitive hydrophobic core were synthesized and screened. Upon incubating in an endosomal pH environment (pH 6.5-6.8), mPEG45-P(DPA50-co-DMAEMA56)-PT53 (PDDT, the optimized polymer) nanomicelles (PDDT-Ms) and PDDT-Ms/siRNA polyplexes rapidly disassembled, leading to promoted cytosolic release of internalized siRNA and enhanced silencing activity evident from comprehensive analysis of the colocalization and gene silencing using a lysosomotropic agent (chloroquine) and an endosomal trafficking inhibitor (bafilomycin A1). In addition, PDDT-Ms/siPLK1 dramatically repressed tumor growth in both HepG2-xenograft and highly malignant patient-derived xenograft models. PDDT-Ms-armed siPD-L1 efficiently blocked the interaction of PD-L1 and PD-1 and restored immunological surveillance in CT-26-xenograft murine model. PDDT-Ms/siRNA exhibited ideal safety profiles in these assays. This study provides guidelines for rational design and optimization of block polymers for efficient endosomal escape of internalized siRNA and cancer therapy.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(6): 060401, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635691

RESUMO

An energy gap develops near quantum critical point of quantum phase transition in a finite many-body (MB) system, facilitating the ground state transformation by adiabatic parameter change. In real application scenarios, however, the efficacy for such a protocol is compromised by the need to balance finite system lifetime with adiabaticity, as exemplified in a recent experiment that prepares three-mode balanced Dicke state near deterministically [Y.-Q. Zou et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115, 6381 (2018)PNASA60027-842410.1073/pnas.1715105115]. Instead of tracking the instantaneous ground state as unanimously required for most adiabatic crossing, this work reports a faster sweeping policy taking advantage of excited level dynamics. It is obtained based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) from a multistep training scheme we develop. In the absence of loss, a fidelity ≥99% between prepared and the target Dicke state is achieved over a small fraction of the adiabatically required time. When loss is included, training is carried out according to an operational benchmark, the interferometric sensitivity of the prepared state instead of fidelity, leading to better sensitivity in about half of the previously reported time. Implemented in a Bose-Einstein condensate of ∼10^{4} ^{87}Rb atoms, the balanced three-mode Dicke state exhibiting an improved number squeezing of 13.02±0.20 dB is observed within 766 ms, highlighting the potential of DRL for quantum dynamics control and quantum state preparation in interacting MB systems.

9.
Inflammation ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604776

RESUMO

Endometritis is a common inflammatory disease in uterine tissues that leads to animal infertility. Among the causes, Escherichia coli infection is one of the main reasons. Interferon-tau (IFN-τ) is the initial pregnancy signal for ruminant embryos and can induce immune tolerance in humans and other species. However, there are scarce reports on whether IFN-τ has a regulatory effect on endometrial inflammatory damage through HMGB1-NF-κB signalling. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory mechanism of IFN-τ in HMGB1-NF-κB signalling in LPS-induced endometritis. ELISA and qPCR were used to detect the expression of LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in bovine endometrial epithelial cells (bEECs or BEND) under IFN-τ intervention, and the levels of HMGB1, p-IKK and p-p65 were detected by Western blotting. The nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 was determined through immunofluorescence. In addition, bEECs were transfected with si-HMGB1 to elucidate the key role of HMGB1 and IFN-τ in the endometrial inflammatory cascade. The results indicated that IFN-τ inhibits the expression of related pro-inflammatory cytokines in an inflammatory injury model of bovine endometrial epithelial cells induced by LPS. Furthermore, experiments have proven that IFN-τ has protective effects on E. coli endotoxin-induced endometritis in mice in vivo. IFN-τ inhibited the HMGB1-NF-κB axis and significantly reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, the expression of HMGB1 protein and the levels of IKK and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation. In summary, our results showed that IFN-τ resists E. coli endotoxin-induced endometritis by attenuating HMGB1/NF-κB signalling.

10.
Cell Prolif ; 54(2): e12976, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In mammals, early pregnancy is a critical vulnerable period during which complications may arise, including pregnancy failure. Establishment of a maternal endometrial acceptance phenotype is a prerequisite for semiheterogeneous embryo implantation, comprising the rate-limiting step of early pregnancy. METHODS: Confocal fluorescence, immunohistochemistry and western blot for nuclear and cytoplasmic protein were used to examine the activation of yes-associated protein (YAP) in uterine tissue and primary endometrial cells. The target binding between miR16a and YAP was verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The mouse pregnancy model and pseudopregnancy model were used to investigate the role of YAP in the maternal uterus during early pregnancy in vivo. RESULTS: We showed that YAP translocates into the nucleus in the endometrium of cattle and mice during early pregnancy. Mechanistically, YAP acts as a mediator of ECM rigidity and cell density, which requires the actomyosin cytoskeleton and is partially dependent on the Hippo pathway. Furthermore, we found that the soluble factor IFNτ, which is a ruminant pregnancy recognition factor, also induced activation of YAP by reducing the expression of miR-16a. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that activation of YAP is necessary for early pregnancy in bovines because it induced cell proliferation and established an immunosuppressive local environment that allowed conceptus implantation into the uterine epithelium.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Proteínas da Gravidez/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Bovinos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Endométrio/citologia , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon Tipo I/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Gravidez , Proteínas da Gravidez/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Útero/metabolismo , Útero/patologia
11.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(3): 2553-2563, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455777

RESUMO

Interest has been growing in the co-fermentation of starter cultures with probiotic bacteria in milk. However, the representative metabolites and metabolic changes at different key time points during milk fermentation and storage in starter cultures and probiotic bacteria are still unclear. In this study, we used gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to identify volatile metabolites and discriminate between 6 different time points [fermentation initiation (FI), fermentation curd (FC), fermentation termination (FT), storage 1 d (S1d), storage 7 d (S7d), and storage 14 d (S14d)] during the fermentation and storage of starter cultures and Lactobacillus casei Zhang milk. Of the 52 volatile metabolites identified, 15 contributed to discrimination of the 6 time points. Then, using the profile from the different time points, we analyzed pairwise comparisons (FI vs. FC; FC vs. FT; FT vs. S1d; S1d vs. S7d; S7d vs. S14d); these time-lapse comparisons showed metabolic progressions from one fermentation stage to the next. We found representative and exclusive metabolites at specific fermentation and storage time points. The greatest difference in metabolites occurred between FC and FT, and the metabolic profiles between S7d and S14d were most similar. Interestingly, decanoic acid, octanoic acid, and hexanoic acid reached their highest level at storage 14 d, indicating that the post-fermentation storage of fermented milk with L. casei Zhang may add more probiotic functions. This work provides detailed insight into the time-specific profiles of volatile metabolites and their dynamic changes; these data may be used for understanding and eventually predicting metabolic changes in milk fermentation and storage, where probiotic strains may be used.

12.
Acta Diabetol ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417039

RESUMO

AIMS: Mild Cognitive impairment (MCI) is common in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The impaired cognitive function had harmful effect on patients' diabetic conditions. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of MCI in T2DM (T2DM-MCI) patients by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. METHODS: We carried out a literature search until June 1, 2020, for all observational studies in the following databases: Medline (PubMed), Web of Science, and Embase. Two independent reviewers initially screened the eligible articles. Then, a meta-analysis (random effects model) was conducted to estimate the prevalence of MCI in people with T2DM with STATA 16. RESULTS: A total of 1808 articles were first considered after reading title and abstract, 12 of which remained after reviewing the full text. The combined prevalence of MCI in T2DM patients was estimated to be 45.0% (95% CI=36.0, 54.0). There was no significant heterogeneity through meta-regression and sensitivity analysis. Overall, Europe (n=2, r=36.6%, 95% CI=26.3, 46.9, I2=82.3%) had a lower prevalence than Asia (n=10, r=46.4%, 95% CI=36.2, 56.6, I2=98%). The overall prevalence in female patients (n=14, r=46.9%, 95% CI=34, 59.8, I2=98.3%) was higher than that in male patients (n=14, r=38.8%, 95% CI=27, 50.7, I2=98%). Subgroup analysis based on age demonstrated a lower prevalence in patients older than 60 years (n=9, r=44.3%, 95% CI=33.1, 55.6, I2=98.3%) than patients younger than 60 years (n=3, r=46.4%, 95% CI=33.3, 59.5, I2=91.2%). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that the pooled estimated prevalence of mild cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is high worldwide, especially in China Asia. Primary care clinicians should pay more attention to the cognitive function of T2DM patients, as mild cognitive impairment is one of the risk factors for Alzheimer's disease.

13.
Opt Lett ; 46(2): 294-297, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449011

RESUMO

Micro/nano optoelectronic devices are widely studied as basic building blocks for on-chip integrated microsystem and multichannel logic units with excellent optoelectronic properties that are especially important part for interconnection route construction. Here, based on anisotropic waveguides, an optical switch with an on/off ratio of 2.14 is built up in a 2D CdS branched nanowire array. Because the branches are obliquely distributed at the same side of the trunk in a highly ordered form, the guided photoluminescence (PL) intensity from the trunk into the branch tightly relates to its angle. Based on the different intensity of the guided PL emitted from the end of each branch, the position of the incident spot in the backbone area can be identified accurately, making a feasible construction of an on-chip position-sensitive detector to realize an all-optical information process.

14.
Arch Dis Child ; 106(3): 231-237, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of congenital syphilis (CS) is not straightforward and can be challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of an algorithm using timing of maternal antisyphilis treatment and titres of non-treponemal antibody as predictors of CS. METHODS: Confirmed CS cases and those where CS was excluded were obtained from the Guangzhou Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of syphilis programme between 2011 and 2019. We calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) in two situations: (1) receiving antisyphilis treatment or no-treatment during pregnancy and (2) initiating treatment before 28 gestational weeks (GWs), initiating after 28 GWs or receiving no treatment for syphilis seropositive women. RESULTS: Among 1558 syphilis-exposed children, 39 had confirmed CS. Area under the curve, sensitivity and specificity of maternal non-treponemal titres before treatment and treatment during pregnancy were 0.80, 76.9%, 78.7% and 0.79, 69.2%, 88.7%, respectively, for children with CS. For the algorithm, ROC results showed that PPV and NPV for predicting CS were 37.3% and 96.4% (non-treponemal titres cut-off value 1:8 and no antisyphilis treatment), 9.4% and 100% (non-treponemal titres cut-off value 1:16 and treatment after 28 GWs), 4.2% and 99.5% (non-treponemal titres cut-off value 1:32 and treatment before 28 GWs), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: An algorithm using maternal non-treponemal titres and timing of treatment during pregnancy could be an effective strategy to diagnose or rule out CS, especially when the rate of loss to follow-up is high or there are no straightforward diagnostic tools.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/imunologia , Sífilis Congênita/diagnóstico , Sífilis Congênita/imunologia , Adulto , Algoritmos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis/métodos , Sífilis Congênita/tratamento farmacológico , Sífilis Congênita/epidemiologia , Treponema pallidum/imunologia
15.
Chem Asian J ; 16(3): 247-251, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372714

RESUMO

The discrimination and detection of phosphate anions have attracted extensive attention due to their important roles in various biological processes. Compared with sensors to detect one individual phosphate at a time, sensor arrays are able to discriminate multiple phosphates simultaneously. In this study, we developed a rare earth ions enhanced AuNCs-based sensor array to achieve facile and rapid identification of phosphate anions (PPi, ADP and ATP). The rare earth ions (i. e., Ce3+ , Gd3+ , Tm3+ and Yb3+ ) can significantly enhance the fluorescence of AuNCs through aggregation-induced emission effect. And the subsequent addition of phosphate anions can recover the fluorescence of the AuNCs-rare earth ions assembly. Thanks to the different numbers of phosphate group and different steric hindrance effects of phosphate anions, the recovery fluorescence of AuNCs-rare earth ions assembly induced by PPi, ADP or ATP are respectively distinct. Thus the sensor array composed of AuNCs and different rare earth ions is able to distinguish those phosphate anions. Finally, the sensor array was successfully demonstrated to identify the phosphates in blind samples.

16.
Infect Dis (Lond) ; : 1-9, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion (PE) Xpert has limited use in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (TB). However, the diagnostic incremental value of sputum Xpert for pleural TB diagnosis remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2018 and October 2019, patients with certain causes (such as TB, malignancy, and pneumonia) of PE were enrolled in our study. Sputum and PE were collected from all patients and sent for acid-fast bacilli smear (Auramine O staining), mycobacterial culture (Lowenstein-Jensen media), and Xpert. The differences in the sensitivities of these TB assays between different groups were examined with the chi-square test. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-seven PE patients were enrolled in the study and then were divided into pleural TB (n = 104) and other causes of PE (excluding TB, referred as non-pleural TB; n = 23). Compared with PE Xpert (11.5%, 12/104), sputum Xpert has a higher sensitivity of 25.0% (26/104, p = .012 < .05). The combination of sputum and PE has a non-significant higher sensitivity of 31.7% (33/104) than Xpert on sputum (p > .05). Culture using both sputum and PE combined has a high sensitivity of 43.3% (45/104). CONCLUSION: Compared to PE Xpert, sputum Xpert showed an incremental diagnostic yield in the diagnosis of pleural TB and is expected to speed up the diagnosis of pleural TB.

17.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(11): 2472-2481, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339800

RESUMO

Previous studies on the extraneous water problem (or infiltration/inflow) in sanitary sewer systems assumed that the wastewater flow is mainly composed of foul sewage (FS), groundwater infiltration (GWI) and rainfall-derived inflow and infiltration (RDII). Most existing assessment methods are based on this assumption. In 2018, China initiated the 'Protection of the Yangtze River Program', and the two-year research data showed that it was neither the GWI nor the RDII but the direct surface water intrusion (DSWI), which has rarely been reported in literatures, that serves as the main source of the extraneous water in many local sewer systems. The discovery has enriched the understanding of the extraneous water in sewer systems. Meanwhile, it brings new challenges for the assessment of extraneous water. In this study, starting from the analysis of the low influent concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the wastewater treatment plant in a southeastern city in China, a river water intrusion point was successfully localized and the volume of river water intrusion was quantified by a series of field experiments. The methodology used in this study can also be applied in other areas with DSWI.


Assuntos
Rios , Esgotos , China , Cidades , Águas Residuárias , Água
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(44): 6929-6944, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed gastrointestinal cancers throughout the world. Novel prognostic biomarkers are required to predict the prognosis of GC. AIM: To identify a multi-long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) prognostic model for GC. METHODS: Transcriptome data and clinical data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas. COX and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analyses were performed to screen for prognosis associated lncRNAs. Receiver operating characteristic curve and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were applied to evaluate the effectiveness of the model. RESULTS: The prediction model was established based on the expression of AC007991.4, AC079385.3, and AL109615.2 Based on the model, GC patients were divided into "high risk" and "low risk" groups to compare the differences in survival. The model was re-evaluated with the clinical data of our center. CONCLUSION: The 3-lncRNA combination model is an independent prognostic factor for GC.

19.
Glob Chall ; : 2000067, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173592

RESUMO

A recent experimental study found that the binding affinity between the cellular receptor human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and receptor-binding domain (RBD) in the spike (S) protein of novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is more than tenfold higher than that of the original severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). However, main chain structures of the SARS-CoV-2 RBD are almost the same with that of the SARS-CoV RBD. Understanding the physical mechanism responsible for the outstanding affinity between the SARS-CoV-2 S and ACE2 is an "urgent challenge" for developing blockers, vaccines, and therapeutic antibodies against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Taking into account the mechanisms of hydrophobic interaction, hydration shell, surface tension, and the shielding effect of water molecules, this study reveals a hydrophobic-interaction-based mechanism by means of which SARS-CoV-2 S and ACE2 bind together in an aqueous environment. The hydrophobic interaction between the SARS-CoV-2 S and ACE2 protein is found to be significantly greater than that between SARS-CoV S and ACE2. At the docking site, the hydrophobic portions of the hydrophilic side chains of SARS-CoV-2 S are found to be involved in the hydrophobic interaction between SARS-CoV-2 S and ACE2.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156504

RESUMO

The co-combustion of sewage sludge and biomass is a key problem in coal-fired power plants. The combustion characteristics and pollutant emissions of municipal sewage sludge and biomass could result in unpredictable operation and environmental problems. In this study, the combustion experiments of corn stalk (CS), municipal sewage sludge (SS), and their blends were conducted in the thermogravimetric analyzer and muffle furnace, focusing on the combustion characteristics and the pollutants (SO2/NO) emissions with different temperature, proportion, and heating rate. It was found that the combustion characteristics of the mixture are affected by the mix ratio of SS. Compared with those of SS, the SO2 emission amount and S-SO2 conversion rate of CS are lower. The content of N in SS is higher than CS, but the conversion rate of N-NO is lower. Although the emissions of SO2 and NO from CS blending with SS are higher than those from CS combustion alone, the conversion rate of SO2 and NO decreases. This means that the co-combustion of CS and SS will reduce the content of pollutants released by CS combustion alone and effectively solve the environmental problems associated with CS incineration.

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