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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3162-3169, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602868


This paper investigates and counts the ethnic medicines of the Ewenki,Daur and Oroqen ethnic groups,which are known as the " Three Minorities" in Inner Mongolia. Through the methods of literature collection,interview investigation,and resource investigation,different ethnic medicines were collected on the main diseases,drug varieties,drug-injection sites,and drug administration methods. Through data statistics and SPSS analysis,the similarities and individual differences between the three ethnic groups were clarified. The results indicated the predicament of the current national medicine,which is helpful for the protection and inheritance of ethnic medicine.

Grupos Étnicos , Etnofarmacologia , China , Humanos , Mongólia
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2742-2747, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359685


The processing of Mongolian medicine,which is called " mort harl" in Mongolian language,refers to a traditional processing technology to " tame" some toxic,aggressive,ineffective or inconvenient Mongolian medicines,so as to make it " compliant" to clinical needs. It is the summary of long-term experience in drug preparation by Mongolian medicine experts,one of the bridges for the dialectical unity of Mongolian medicine,the essential content in evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Mongolian medicine and the study of Mongolian medicine modernization,and also the important soft power carrier of " intangible cultural heritage" and " grassland culture" in Inner Mongolia autonomous region. In this study,the processing history,purpose,crafts,mechanism,processing standards and quality standards of Mongolian medicine were explained,and some suggestions were proposed for the problems of the Mongolian medicine processing and development: focus on the basic theory of Mongolian medicine and the clinical experience of Mongolian medicine in the development of traditional Mongolian medicine processing; strengthen the literature research on the processing method of Mongolian medicine; establish comprehensive and systematic Mongolian medicine concocts standards and quality standards; enhance the research and development of special processing equipment and process quality control instruments for Mongolian medicine; and strengthen the training of professional technicians,the protection of copyright in Mongolian medicine processing,and scientific research on Mongolian medicine processing. In the inheritance of the tradition,the latest achievements of modern scientific development can be also absorbed to provide reference for the further development of traditional Mongolian medicine processing technology.

Medicina Tradicional da Mongólia , China , Controle de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência
Protein Expr Purif ; 111: 75-81, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25837439


Chymosin efficiently coagulates milk and so is widely used in commercial cheese production. Traditional chymosin production requires the slaughter of a large numbers of unweaned calves. In the present study, a full-length camel prochymosin gene was synthesized and cloned into the pPIC9K vector, which was then inserted into the yeast strain, Pichia pastoris GS115. Expression of the chymosin gene in yeast was under the control of an AOX1 inducible promoter. The yeast system produced approximately 37mg/L of recombinant enzyme under lab conditions. SDS-PAGE of the raw supernatant revealed two molecular bands, which were approximately 42kDa and 45kDa in size. The 45kDa band disappeared after treatment of the supernatant with N-glycosidase F (PNGase F), indicating that the recombinant protein was partially glycosylated. When subjected to a low pH, recombinant prochymosin was converted into mature and active chymosin. The active chymosin was capable of specifically hydrolyzing κ-casein. A pH of 5.04, and temperature range of 45-50°C, was optimum for milk clotting activity. Maximum milk clotting activity was detected with the inclusion of 20-40mM CaCl2. The recombinant enzyme was highly active and stable over a wide pH range (from 2.5 to 6.5) at 20°C for 8h. Thermostability of the recombinant enzyme was also analyzed. Pilot-scale production (300mg/L) was attained using a 5L fermenter. We demonstrated that expression of the camel chymosin gene in P. pastoris could represent an excellent system for producing active camel chymosin for potential use in the commercial production of cheese.

Quimosina/biossíntese , Quimosina/química , Expressão Gênica , Pichia/metabolismo , Animais , Camelus , Quimosina/genética , Pichia/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética