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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(3): 1007-1022, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chordoma is a rare malignant tumor difficult to diagnose and treat. Long non-coding RNAs acting as novel biomarkers are frequently reported in numerous cancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of long intergenic non-coding RNA 00662 (LINC00662) and its associated action mechanisms in chordoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of LINC00662, Ring finger protein 144B (RNF144B), and microRNA-16-5p (miR-16-5p) was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein levels of RNF144B, cell proliferation markers (Cyclin D1 and Ki67), epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (E-cadherin, Vimentin and N-cadherin), and glycolysis markers [glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), hexokinase II (HK2), and lactic dehydrogenase A (LDHA)] were determined by Western blot. Cell proliferation, the number of colonies, migration, and invasion were investigated by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), colony formation, and transwell assays, respectively. Glycolysis progress was evaluated by the glycolysis stress test, glucose consumption, lactate production, and ATP production. The relationship between miR-16-5p and LINC00662 or RNF144B was predicted by the online bioinformatics tool starBase and verified by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. Xenograft tumor model was established to monitor the role of LINC00662 in vivo. RESULTS: LINC00662 and RNF144B were aberrantly upregulated in chordoma tissues. Knockdown of LINC00662 or RNF144B impeded proliferation, colony formation, invasion, migration, EMT, and glycolysis in chordoma cells. Besides, RNF144B overexpression reversed the role of LINC00662 knockdown. It was confirmed that miR-16-5p was a target of LINC00662, and miR-16-5p could target RNF144B. The relationship between LINC00662 and RNF144B was established by miR-16-5p. In addition, LINC00662 stable knockdown inhibited tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00662 participated in the malignant progression of chordoma by the promotion of RNF144B by acting as a sponge of miR-16-5p, suggesting that LINC00662 was a promising therapeutic target for chordoma.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(12): 1296-1298, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795589

RESUMO

The data were drawn from injury hospitalization surveillance system in Shandong province. From 2012 to 2018, 164 cases of acute occupational poisoning were reported from five surveillance counties (cities, districts), accounting for 6.11% (164/2 683) of total accidental poisoning cases. The annual average reported incidence of acute occupational poisoning hospitalization was 1.15/100 000. The number of male cases was 3.3 times that of females (126 vs 38). The poisoning cases mainly occurred between January to May in a year and 5-7 AM within a day. Those cases were mainly caused by irritating gases (92 cases, 56.10%) and asphyxiating gases (53 cases, 32.32%), of which chlorine (71 cases) and carbon monoxide (50 cases) were the main reasons. The average hospitalization medical cost of acute occupational poisoning cases was 7 278.81 RMB per case.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Sci Adv ; 5(9): eaax3793, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799401

RESUMO

The precise measurement of the spectrum of protons, the most abundant component of the cosmic radiation, is necessary to understand the source and acceleration of cosmic rays in the Milky Way. This work reports the measurement of the cosmic ray proton fluxes with kinetic energies from 40 GeV to 100 TeV, with 2 1/2 years of data recorded by the DArk Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE). This is the first time that an experiment directly measures the cosmic ray protons up to ~100 TeV with high statistics. The measured spectrum confirms the spectral hardening at ~300 GeV found by previous experiments and reveals a softening at ~13.6 TeV, with the spectral index changing from ~2.60 to ~2.85. Our result suggests the existence of a new spectral feature of cosmic rays at energies lower than the so-called knee and sheds new light on the origin of Galactic cosmic rays.

4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1252-1256, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658526

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between sleep duration and frailty among people aged 50 years and over. Methods: Cross-sectional data was collected from the first wave of World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health in China. Frailty index was constructed on the proportion of deficits, out of the 40 variables. A two-level (individual level and community level) linear model was performed to identify the related factors on frailty. All the models were stratified by age, gender, residence (urban/rural). Restricted cubic spline was performed to graphically evaluate the dose-response association between self-reported sleep duration and frailty. Results: A total of 13 175 individuals aged 50 years and over participated in this study. Without adjusting on any confounding factors, shorter or longer sleep duration significantly increased the risk of weakness compared with normal sleep time (OR=2.05, 95%CI: 1.71-2.44; OR=1.35, 95%CI: 1.12-1.63). After adjusting for confounding factors such as gender, age, residence, education, family assets, vegetable, smoking, drinking and physical activity, a positive association between short sleep duration and frailty was noticed compared with normal sleep time (aOR=1.60, 95%CI: 1.27-2.01). The results of stratified analysis on sex, age and urban and rural areas showed that, after adjusting for gender, age, residence, education level, family assets, intake of vegetables and fruits, smoking, drinking and physical activity, only shorter sleep duration was positively correlated with the risk of weakness. In addition, among people aged 65 years and over, adjusted for confounding factors, the risk of weakness increased by 91%, compared with normal sleep time (aOR=1.91, 95%CI: 1.46-2.49). The dose-response curve also showed that the sleep duration and frailty present an approximate "U" shaped relationship. Conclusion: Short sleep duration might be associated with frailty.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Sono , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 924-929, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484255

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the mortality trend of major malignant tumors in Shandong province, from 1970 to 2013. Methods: Data related to cancer mortality were obtained from the Shandong Death Registration System and three nationwide retrospective cause-of-death surveys. Trends of overall mortality and major causes of death were described using the indicators as: mortality rates and age-standardized mortality rates, through comparing the three large-scale mortality surveys in Shandong province. Difference decomposing method was applied to estimate the contribution of demographic and non-demographic factors for the change of mortality. Results: From 1970 to 2013, the crude mortality rate of malignant tumors in Shandong was increasing. The age standard mortality rate was increasing and then decreasing. The composition of cancer deaths in the all-cause-deaths was seen increasing and then decreasing as well. Both demographic and non-demographic factors contributed to the increase of crude cancer mortality rate. With the gradual increase of the proportion of population, its role exceeded the non-demographic factors. The age-standardized mortality rate of malignant tumors in 2011-2013 was lower than that in 2004-2005. Lung cancer mortality rose from the fifth to the first place, with an increase of 6.81 times from 1970-1974 to 2011-2013. Ranking of gastric cancer mortality dropped from first to the third place, with esophageal cancer dropped from second to the fourth. After adjusted by China's standard population in 1964, the mortality rate of lung cancer was still rapidly increasing, but the age-standardized mortality rates of esophageal cancer was gradually decreasing. The crude and age-standardized mortality rates of cervical cancer showed a rapid downward trend, reduced 87.00% and 93.00% respectively from 1970-1974 to 2011-2013. Conclusions: Malignant tumors were still major threats to the residents of Shandong province. The changing trend of different malignant tumors presented an inconsistent nature which called for different intervention strategies be carried out, accordingly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Mortalidade/tendências , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Demografia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 7033-7041, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNA-26a (miR-26a) exhibits diverse functions in different human disease. However, further research is needed to investigate the potential role of miR-26a in cerebral ischemia injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expressions of miR-26a and PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) were detected via Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) assay. The protein expression of Bcl-2 and Bax was detected by Western blot assay. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay was used to observe the cell viability of SH-SY5Y cells. The relationship between miR-26a and PTEN was confirmed by Dual-Luciferase assay and human SH-SY5Y cells were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)/reperfusion to mimic I/R injury. RESULTS: The expression of miR-26a was increased in the OGDR model. Moreover, upregulation of miR-26a promoted cell viability and inhibited OGDR-induced apoptosis. PTEN was confirmed as a direct target gene for miR-26a. Under OGDR conditions, the expression of PTEN was significantly decreased. Moreover, overexpression of PTEN inhibited cell viability, promoted cell apoptosis and deepened the effect of the OGDR model. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-26a promoted the viability of SH-SY5Y cells and suppressed apoptosis under OGDR conditions by targeting PTEN.

7.
J Anim Sci ; 97(11): 4579-4587, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408879

RESUMO

The maintenance requirements of net energy and net protein were assumed to represent the most accurate and important values totally for the animal's utilization. The objective of this experiment was to determine the net energy and net protein requirements for maintenance of growing arctic foxes. The experiments was evaluated using regression models estimated from data collected by means of indirect calorimetry, nitrogen balance trials, and digestion and metabolism experiments. Thirty-six growing arctic foxes (3 487 ± 261.7 g) at the age of 85 days were randomly assigned to four groups with 9 animals in each group. Arctic foxes were fed a complete formula diet at four intake levels (100%, or 80%, 60%, and 40% of feed requirements) from 24 July 2017 to 23 September 2017. Arctic foxes in each treatment were kept individually in respiration chambers after 1-d adaptation at day 2 for a 3-d balance trial and then at day 5 followed by a 3-d fasting period. The metabolizable energy intake (MEI), heat production in the fed state (HP), and retained energy (RE) of arctic foxes significantly decreased (P < 0.01) as the feed intake level decreased. Fasting heat production (FHP) of arctic foxes was not influenced by feed intake level (P > 0.05). The metabolizable energy maintenance requirement (MEm) and net energy maintenance requirement (NEm) estimated from the linear relationship between RE and MEI were 230 and 217 kJ/kg of body weight BW0.75/d, respectively. The MEm and NEm estimated by logarithmic regression of HP on MEI were 225 and 209 kJ/kg BW0.75/d, respectively. The net N maintenance requirement (NNm) and net protein maintenance requirement (NPm) estimated from the linear relationship between retained nitrogen (RN) and daily nitrogen intake (NI) were 179.6 mg/kg BW0.75/d and 1.123 g/kg BW0.75/d, respectively. It is concluded that NEm and NPm values obtained fill the net energy and protein requirements shortage, and provide the basic data for establishing the standard of nutrition demand of breeding arctic foxes in China.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Metabolismo Energético , Raposas/fisiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal , Cruzamento , Calorimetria Indireta/veterinária , China , Dieta/veterinária , Jejum , Raposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Necessidades Nutricionais , Termogênese
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(5): 519-522, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091612

RESUMO

In order to evaluate the intervention effect of the school-based salt reduction model, 28 primary schools were selected in Shandong Province in September 2014 and randomly divided into intervention group (1 361 students, 1 306 parents) and control group (1 364 students,1 340 parents). A series of "small hands and big hands" salt reduction intervention activities were conducted in intervention group for 8 months. After the intervention, the total awareness rate of salt reduction knowledge, the total holding rate of related beliefs and the total reporting rate of related behaviors were 70.65%, 80.30% and 67.03% among students, and 85.66%, 93.77% and 87.93% among parents, in the intervention group, which were higher than those in the control group (37.12%, 66.52% and 50.07% among students; 55.11%, 87.52% and 57.96% among parents) (all P values <0.05). The school-based salt reduction model is effective and feasible.


Assuntos
Dieta Hipossódica/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , China , Estudos de Viabilidade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(9): 3742-3748, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent researches have proved that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumorigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the exact role of lncRNA DLX6-AS1 in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), and to explore the possible mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: DLX6-AS1 expression in CRC tissues was detected by Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). Function assays were conducted to detect the effect of DLX6-AS1 on the proliferation and metastasis of CRC in vitro. Furthermore, luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP) were used to explore the underlying mechanism of DLX6-AS1. RESULTS: DLX6-AS1 expression in CRC samples was significantly higher than that of adjacent tissues. Loss of DLX6-AS1 markedly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC cells. Furthermore, luciferase reporter gene assay and RIP assay showed that DLX6-AS1 acted as a competing endogenous RNA via sponging miR-577 in CRC. CONCLUSIONS: DLX6-AS1 could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC by sponging miR-577, which might offer a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(2): 107-111, 2019 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862139

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expressional levels and diagnostic values of miR-18a and miR-21 in esophageal carcinoma. Methods: The expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 in esophageal cancer tissues and adjacent tissues from 45 esophageal cancer patients, peripheral blood from 45 esophageal cancer patients and 50 healthy donors respectively were detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 in normal esophageal epithelial cell HET-1A, esophageal cancer cell lines including ECA109, KYSE150 and TE1 were also detected. Chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to quantitatively detect the concentrations of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), CYRFA21-1 and TPA (tissue polypeptide antigen) in peripheral blood serum from esophageal cancer patients and healthy controls. Meanwhile, the diagnostic effects of miR-18a and miR-21 on esophageal cancer were compared with those of tumor markers in serum. Results: The expression levels of miR-18a and miR-21 in esophageal cancer cells ECA109, KYSE150 and TE1 were 1.64±0.17, 1.62±0.19, 1.46±0.12 and 20.52±1.48, 6.73±0.73, 1.43±0.19, respectively, higher than those in normal esophageal epithelial cells (both P<0.01). The expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 in esophageal cancer tissues were 32.48±28.62 and 8.67±11.98, respectively, significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (all P<0.001). The expression levels of miR-18a and miR-21 in peripheral blood of patients with esophageal cancer were 12.66±11.92 and 9.15±8.14, respectively, significantly higher than those in the normal control group (both P<0.001). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of miR-18a and miR-21 for diagnosis of esophageal cancer were 0.948 and 0.913 5, respectively. Compared with traditional esophageal tumor markers, the expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 were more sensitive in the diagnosis of esophageal cancer. The sensitivity and accuracy of the expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 combined with traditional esophageal tumor markers in diagnosis of esophageal cancer can be further improved to 97.8% and 68.4%, respectively. Conclusion: Our study reveals that the expressions of miR-18a and miR-21 play important roles in the diagnosis of esophageal cancer and may be potentially novel biomarkers.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias/análise , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/análise , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/química , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Esofágicas/química , Esôfago/química , Esôfago/metabolismo , Humanos , Curva ROC , Serpinas/análise , Antígeno Polipeptídico Tecidual/análise
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(3): 316-318, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841674

RESUMO

Based on the data from Shandong Province death registration system in 2015, the mortality rate was adjusted by the results of underreporting rate investigation, and the probability of premature death of non-communicable diseases was calculated by life table method. A total of 728 287 deaths caused by four main non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, malignant tumor, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease, accounting for 85.83% of the total death in 2015. The death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and malignant tumor accounted for 50.90% and 25.69% respectively. The probability of premature death was 17.84%. The probability in males was higher than that in females (23.12% vs 12.25%). The highest probability of premature death in urban was cancer, but in rural was cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The probability increased from the East areas to the West. The highest probability reached at 21.50% in the Western underdeveloped areas, and the lowest probability was in Dongying City (14.84%) and Weihai City (14.94%) in the coastal areas.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Prematura , Doenças não Transmissíveis/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Probabilidade
13.
Int Endod J ; 52(6): 887-898, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661246

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate simultaneously the effect of voxel size and fracture width on the accuracy of detecting vertical root fractures (VRFs) in non-root filled teeth when using cone beam computed tomography. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-one of 161 extracted human permanent teeth (16 anterior teeth, 132 premolars and 13 mandibular molars) were selected randomly for VRF induction with two fracture widths. All teeth were scanned with four CBCT units at different voxel sizes provided by the units. Three observers classified the presence or absence of VRF using a 5-point scale. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and area under the ROC curve (AUC) were calculated. AUCs amongst voxel sizes and between the fracture widths were compared using the Z test. Intra- and inter-observer agreement was assessed using weighted Cohen kappa. RESULTS: For the NewTom VGi and ProMax 3D Mid CBCT unit, no significant differences were found amongst voxel sizes for the AUCs, irrespective of the fracture width (P > 0.05). There were significant differences between images scanned with voxel size 250 and 160 µm (P = 0.02), and images scanned with voxel size 250 and 80 µm for AUCs in the narrow VRF group for the 3D Accuitomo 170 unit (P = 0.03). For i-CAT FLX, significant differences were found between the voxel protocols of 300 µm and of the other three voxel sizes for AUC, sensitivity and NPV (P < 0.05). Significant differences between the wide and the narrow VRF groups for AUCs were found for 3D Accuitomo 170 (P = 0.01) and ProMax 3D Mid (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Cone beam computed tomography was accurate for detecting VRF in non-root filled teeth. Fracture width had an effect on the detection of VRF. The effect of the voxel size on the detection of VRF depended on the CBCT unit used.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente Pré-Molar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Dente Molar , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Raiz Dentária
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(20): 6667-6677, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: DJ-1 expression is elevated in a variety of tumors and is related to the survival of tumor cells under adverse stimuli. DJ-1 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) contains the target of miR-128-3p, and the expression of miR-128-3p is decreased in hepatoma cells. Therefore, we speculate and address in this study, that miR-128-3p can regulate DJ-1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and play an important role in HCC cells survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-128-3p and DJ-1 expression in HCC cell lines were measured using quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. Dual luciferase reporter assay was adopted to confirm the miR-128-3p binding sequences in the 3'-UTR of DJ-1. Sorafenib-induced apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry, and the apoptosis-associated proteins were detected by Western blot analysis. Overexpression of miR-128-3p and DJ-1 were achieved via transfection with miR-128-3p mimic and DJ-1 plasmid, respectively. RESULTS: We revealed that miR-128-3p expression was downregulated, while DJ-1 expression was upregulated in HCC cell lines, and DJ-1 expression can be regulated by miR-128-3p via directly binding to it. Moreover, functional assays showed that overexpression of miR-128-3p sensitized HCC cells to sorafenib-induced apoptosis, and this phenomenon was partly abolished by DJ-1. Mechanistically, PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was found to participate in the miR-128-3p induced sensitivity to sorafenib via DJ-1. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that miR-128-3p overexpression sensitized HCC to sorafenib-induced apoptosis via PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by regulating DJ-1 expression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/metabolismo , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Sítios de Ligação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(8): 566-571, 2018 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30139025

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in China based on cancer registration data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: 449 cancer registries submitted nasopharyngeal carcinoma incidence and deaths occurred in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by area (urban/rural) and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of nasopharyngeal carcinoma were estimated. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence and mortality rates. Results: The estimates of new nasopharyngeal carcinoma incident cases and deaths were 44.6 thousands and 24.2 thousands, respectively. The crude incidence rate was 3.26/100 000 (Male 4.51/100 000, Female 1.94/100 000). Age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC, 2000) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were 2.48/100 000 and 2.33/100 000, respectively. Male to female ratio was 2.32∶1. The ASIRC in urban and rural areas were all 2.48/100 000. The crude mortality rate of nasopharyngeal carcinoma was 1.77/100 000 (Male 2.55/100 000, Female 0.95/100 000). Age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population (ASMRC, 2000) and by world standard population(ASMRW) were 1.23/100 000 and 1.20/100 000, respectively. The ASMRC in urban and rural areas were all 1.23/100 000. The cumulative incidence and mortality rates(0-74 years old)were 0.25% and 0.14%, respectively. Conclusions: Incidence and mortality of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in China in 2014 were at high levels in the world. Corresponding prevention and control measures should be established according to the epidemic characteristics and risk factors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nanotechnology ; 29(31): 315702, 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748455

RESUMO

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) such as Au and Ag have shown many applications in the field of catalysis, sensing etc. due to their excellent photoelectric properties. But agglomeration and a low recovery rate are big problems for their applications. In this research, a novel Ag NPs/graphene (reduced graphene oxide)-loading loofah sponge (Ag NPs/RGO-LS) was synthesized through a one-step reduction method. Where the RGO is used as a nano-support with the high specific surface area and the high conductivity to prevent the agglomeration of Ag NPs and provide a conductive layer. The natural, green, low-cost and high-yield LS is designed as a macro-support to reduce the loss of Ag NPs during recycling. The as-prepared Ag NPs/RGO-LS is stable, uniform, and exhibits high efficiency and reusability in the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) with a high rate constant of 1.893 min-1 as well as an average conversion of 98% in 6 min during five cycles. The results have not only paved the way for the wide application of Ag NPs but also provide a new road for the application of other metal NPs.

17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 258-263, 2018 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609235

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and distribution characteristics of fall related injury in people aged ≥50 years in 8 provinces in China and related physiological, psychological and social risk factors. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from adults aged ≥50 years participating in the World Health Organization (WHO) study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE) round 1 in China. Two-level hierarchical logistic model was used to identify the related factors for fall-related injury. All the models were stratified by living area (urban/rural). Results: Estimated incidence of fall related injury (road traffic injury was not included) was 3.2%. Ageing and multiple chronic conditions (OR=2.55, 95%CI: 1.41-4.64) was significantly associated with the incidence of fall related injury in urban area. In rural area, depression (OR=4.33, 95% CI: 2.52-7.42) and multiple chronic conditions (OR=2.46, 95%CI: 1.37-4.41) were associated with the incidence of fall related injury. Conclusions: This study estimated the incidence of fall related injury in adults aged ≥50 years in 8 provinces in China. A significant association between multiple chronic conditions and fall related injury were found in both urban and rural residents. Targeted measures should be taken for the prevention and control of chronic diseases in elderly population.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Idoso , China , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
18.
Nanotechnology ; 29(23): 235706, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29570092

RESUMO

The application of Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) often requires surface modification with chemical surfactants, which dramatically reduce the surface activity and increase the chemical contamination and cost of Au NPs. In this research, we have developed a novel Au NPs/reduced graphene oxide/Ni foam hybrid (Au NPs/RGO/NiF) by in situ reduction through ascorbic acid and replacement reaction. This method is green, facile and efficient. The Au NPs are free of chemical surfactants and are homogeneously distributed on the surface of the RGO/NiF. The as-prepared Au NPs/RGO/NiF hybrid is uniform, stable and exhibits not only a high reduction efficiency for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol with a catalytic kinetic constant of up to 0.46 min-1 (0.15 cm3 catalysis) but also a sensitive and selective detection of H2O2 with a detection limit of ∼1.60 µM.

19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(12): 762-772, 2017 Dec 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275573

RESUMO

With the rapid development of imaging technology, the application of dental imaging in diagnosis, treatment planning, intraoperative surgical navigation, monitoring of treatment or lesion development and assessment of treatment outcomes is playing an essential role in oral healthcare. The increased total number of dental X-ray examinations is accompanied by a relatively significant increase in collective dose to patients as well as to dental healthcare workers, which is harmful to human bodies to a certain degree. Some radiation protection standards and guidelines in dental radiology have been published in European countries, US, Canada and Australia, etc. Adherence to these standards and guidelines helps to achieve images with diagnostic quality and avoid unnecessary and repeated exposures. However, no radiation protection standard or guideline with regard to dental X-ray examinations has been put in force so far in mainland China. Therefore, a literature review on available radiation protection standards and guidelines was conducted to provide reference to the development of radiation protection standards or guidelines in mainland China.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Exposição à Radiação/normas , Proteção Radiológica/normas , Radiografia Dentária/normas , China , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/normas , Doses de Radiação , Padrões de Referência
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