Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.061
Filtrar
1.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(10): 1022-1030, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Due to a continued increase in viral pneumonia incidence and resulting high mortality, fast and accurate diagnosis is important for effective management. This investigation examined the significance of blood biomarkers and the CT score in the early diagnosis of viral pneumonia. METHODS: Patients who were hospitalized due to radiologically-confirmed pneumonia and underwent virus antigen rapid test were enrolled. Their clinical information was compared. Blood mononuclear cell count, LDH, and plasma D-dimer were obtained. To evaluate the utility of biomarker levels in differentiating viral pneumonia from other pneumonia, ROC curves were developed to analyze the AUC. The optimal cut-off thresholds, specificity, sensitivity, and predictive values were assessed using the Youden index. The added value of the multi-marker approach was delineated using IDI and Reclassification analyses using NRI; IDI and NRI values were examined with 95% CI. RESULTS: Overall, 1163 inpatients were recruited between January 2017 and January 2021. They were sub-divided into the viral pneumonia (n = 563) and non-viral pneumonia (n = 600) categories. We found that the CT score, blood mononuclear cell count, LDH, and plasma D-dimer were markedly elevated in viral pneumonia patients. At an LDH threshold of 693.595 U/L, an AUC of ROC was 0.805 in differentiating viral pneumonia. The combination of CT score and blood biomarkers had an ROC AUC value of 0.908. CONCLUSIONS: Combining elevated biomarkers with CT assessments outperformed the CT score alone in identifying viral pneumonia. It is crucial to better characterize the significance of biomarkers in combination with CT assessments in the diagnosis of viral pneumonia.

2.
Phytomedicine ; 93: 153801, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease, for which no economical and safe target drug treatment is available. Chikusetsusaponin Ⅳa (CS-IVa), an active compound in Panax japonicus C.A. Mey, has a good anti-inflammatory effect, but whether this compound can serve as a targeted drug for RA and the corresponding therapeutic mechanism remain unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate the anti-inflammatory and bone-protecting effects of CS-IVa on RA and the possible corresponding mechanisms of action. METHODS: Biomarkers and underlying pathological mechanisms were examined by performing a bioinformatics analysis of RA synovial gene expression data profiles, and the feasibility of CS-IVa treatment for RA was predicted using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation techniques. Histomorphological and molecular biology techniques were used to verify the feasibility and molecular mechanism of CS-IVa treatment for RA in vivo using a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. RESULTS: CS-IVa alleviated symptoms and reduced the immune organ index, arthritis index, hind paw thickness, and number of swollen joints in the foot for CIA mice. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-1 ß (IL-1ß), and the Janus kinase/signal transduction and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway played important roles in the pathogenesis of RA. The results of molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations showed that CS-IVa bound effectively to IFN-γ and IL-1ß and that the combined pose has good stability and flexibility. The histomorphological results showed that CS-IVa reduced joint histopathology scores, OARSI scores, and TRAP-positive cell counts. Molecular biology analysis indicated that CS-IVa reduced the concentration of inflammatory factors in the peripheral serum of CIA mice and suppressed the mRNA expression of these factors in the spleen in a dose-dependent manner. The protein expression level of the JAK/STAT pathway was also inhibited by CS-IVa. CONCLUSION: The results of the current study demonstrate a novel inhibitory effect of CS-IVa on inflammation and bone destruction in CIA mice, and the mechanism may be related to the JAK/STAT signaling pathway, which provides new insights into the development of CS-IVa as a therapeutic agent for RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Saponinas , Transdução de Sinais
3.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(10): 1492-1505, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Although targeted therapies such as antibodies against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 or vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 have been widely used in the treatment of metastatic cancer, the overall outcomes are poor. Therefore, elucidation of the mechanism underlying cancer progression is important to improve prognosis. Overexpression of the Rab5a gene has been confirmed to correlate with tumorigenesis of many cancers, but the mechanism underling, especially of GC, is still unclear. AIM: To investigate the effects of Rab5a overexpression on the tumorigenesis of GC. METHODS: First, the expression levels of Rab5a and Rab4a in primary tumorous tissues of GC patients diagnosed between 2015 and 2018 were analyzed. Then we constructed HGC-27 cell lines overexpressing green fluorescent protein-Rab5a or red fluorescent protein-Rab4a and investigated the interaction between Rab5a or Rab4a using Western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation, confocal microscopy, and colocalization analysis. Finally, epidermal growth factor-stimulated proliferation of these cell lines was analyzed using cell counting kit-8 cell viability assay. RESULTS: Compared with normal gastric tissues, the expression levels of Rab5a and Rab4a increased progressively both in paracancerous tissues and in advanced cancerous tissues. Epidermal growth factor could promote the proliferation of HGC-27 cells, especially Rab5a-overexpressing HGC-27 cells. Notably, Rab5a and Rab4a co-overexpression promoted the proliferation of HGC-27 cells to the greatest extent. Further analysis identified a direct interaction between Rab5a and Rab4a in HGC-27 cells. CONCLUSION: Co-overexpression of Rab5a and Rab4a in GC may promote the endosomal recycling of epidermal growth factor receptor, which in turn contributes to poor prognosis and tumor progression in GC patients. Inhibition of Rab5a or Rab4a expression might be a promising therapy for refractory GC.

4.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, premature children in good health may be advised to receive routine immunization programs. However, delayed vaccination is common. This study aimed to characterize vaccination experiences of premature children and determine the impact of vaccination consultation clinic (VCC) assessment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study, including premature children visiting VCC at Children's Hospital of Fudan University in 2017-2019. Data of these children, including demographics, recommendations of vaccination after VCC assessment, vaccination records, adverse events following immunization (AEFI), and incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases in 2017-2019, were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 1124 premature children were included, with vaccination uptake of 46.3% for expanded program of immunization (EPI) vaccines and 15.1% for non-EPI vaccines before VCC assessment. Furthermore, 77.5% of premature children who had not received any EPI vaccine were vaccinated after the assessment; however, most were delayed, regardless of vaccine types and recommendations. In contrast, 67.3% was vaccinated with non-EPI vaccines after the assessment. Majority (n = 35) of recorded AEFI was mild to moderate, in addition to one allergic rash. One each case of pertussis and varicella were recorded in those who had not received the corresponding vaccines. CONCLUSION: Vaccination may be safe and epidemiological effective in premature children. However, it remains mostly delayed in premature children with recommendations of normal vaccination. It warrants improving implementation of VCC recommendations. In addition, there is a need of health promotion on more non-EPI vaccines for premature children.

5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(34): 5666-5681, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629793

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are among the most common cancer types and leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. There is a tremendous clinical need for effective early diagnosis for better healthcare of GI cancer patients. In this article, we provide a short overview of the recent advances in GI cancer diagnosis. In the first part, we discuss the applications of blood-based biomarkers, such as plasma circulating cell-free DNA, circulating tumor cells, extracellular vesicles, and circulating cell-free RNA, for cancer liquid biopsies. In the second part, we review the current trends of artificial intelligence (AI) for pathology image and tissue biopsy analysis for GI cancer, as well as deep learning-based approaches for purity assessment of tissue biopsies. We further provide our opinions on the future directions in blood-based and AI-enhanced approaches for GI cancer diagnosis, and we think that these fields will have more intensive integrations with clinical needs in the near future.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Inteligência Artificial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(8): 2783-2790, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664451

RESUMO

Increasing atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition greatly affects species diversity, productivity, and stability of ecosystems. It is thus of the great importance to understand how grassland N pools respond to the increased atmospheric N deposition. This study was conducted in a meadow steppe in Erguna, Inner Mongolia, China. There were six levels of N addition (i.e., 0, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 g·m-2·a-1) and two levels of mowing (i.e., mowing and unmown). Samples of aboveground tissues of dominant plant, root, aboveground litter, and soil to the depth of 100 cm were collected in the seventh year after treatments. The N content was measured and the N pool was calculated. The results showed that N addition significantly increased the N content of aboveground plant tissues and litter, as well as N pools of Leymus chinensis, plant community, litter and ecosystem. Mowing significantly increased the N content of L. chinensis leaf and litter, but reduced N pools of L. chinensis, plant community and litter, and did not affect their responses to N addition. There was a significant interactive effect between mowing and N addition on plant community N pool. High levels of N addition in the unmown treatment led to more N stored in the litter pool, with the saturation threshold for the plant community N pool occurred at 10 g·m-2·a-1. Under mowing treatment, the plant community N pool increased with the increasing N addition, and more N stored in plant community N pool after mowing. Mowing could alleviate the negative impacts of increasing N deposition on biodiversity and ecosystem stability, and extended postponing the occurrence of ecosystem N saturation induced by increasing N deposition.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Nitrogênio , Pradaria , Nitrogênio/análise , Poaceae , Solo
7.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18382, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most malignant tumors with high recurrence and low 5-year survival rate. Lipid metabolism is essential in tumor metastasis, although how altered lipid metabolism promotes HCC progression has not been well elucidated. Fat Storage Inducing Transmembrane Protein 2 (FITM2) is a gene involved in lipid homeostasis and cytoskeletal organization; however, its role in regulating tumor biological behavior has not been evaluated. METHODS: In this study, immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of FITM2 in HCC. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify the prognostic factors. RNA interference wound healing and transwell experiments were performed to analyze the biological role of FITM2. Western blot analysis was performed to investigate the potential downstream signaling. RESULTS: The results revealed that FITM2 was highly expressed in the intratumoral tissues of HCC. Expression of intratumoral FITM2 was associated with microvascular invasion. FITM2 is an independent risk factor of HCC disease-free survival and overall survival. In vitro studies revealed that knockdown of FITM2 significantly inhibited the migration ability of HCC cells. FITM2 promotes HCC cell migration by regulating the expression of caveolin-1 and promoting the formation of caveolae. These results indicate that high intratumoral expression of FITM2 is associated with poor HCC prognosis, which may be applied to develop a new adjuvant therapy.

8.
Front Public Health ; 9: 742332, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660519

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the EuroQol-5D-3L (EQ-5D-3L) and the Short Form-6D (SF-6D) utility scores in family caregivers (FCs) of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Method: This study was performed on FCs of CRC patients from three primary cancer centers in the capital city of the Heilongjiang province. The participants (FCs) who were enrolled, filled the EQ-5D-3L, along with the SF-6D questionnaire. Two tools were compared for their distribution, discriminant validity, agreement, and convergent validity along with known-groups validity. Result: Two hundred ninety-two FCs of CRC patients were enrolled. The score distribution of the SF-6D along with the EQ-5D-3L were not normal. A ceiling impact was seen in 31.8% of the FCs for EQ-5D-3L; however, none for the SF-6D. Good associations (Spearman's rho = 0.622, p < 0.01) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC 0.637 and average ICC 0.778) between the two scores were observed. The EQ-5D-3L yielded higher utility scores in contrast with the SF-6D in the better health subclass. The SF-6D distinguished better between excellent and good health statuses, with better effect size and relative efficiency statistics. Both tools showed good known-groups validity. Conclusion: The utility scores of SF-6D were remarkably lower relative to that of the EQ-5D-3L, but the difference may be clinically insignificant. However, the SF-6D may be superior because of the lack of ceiling impact. SF-6D exhibited a better convergent validity along with discrimination validity of excellent health condition and improved known-groups validity efficiency.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Neoplasias Colorretais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 696195, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603225

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is carcinogenic to humans and can accumulate in the liver, kidneys, and bones. There is widespread presence of cadmium in the environment as a consequence of anthropogenic activities. It is important to detect cadmium in the environment to prevent further exposure to humans. Previous whole-cell biosensor designs were focused on single-sensing constructs but have had difficulty in distinguishing cadmium from other metal ions such as lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg). We developed a dual-sensing bacterial bioreporter system to detect bioavailable cadmium by employing CadC and CadR as separate metal sensory elements and eGFP and mCherry as fluorescent reporters in one genetic construct. The capability of this dual-sensing biosensor was proved to simultaneously detect bioavailable cadmium and its toxic effects using two sets of sensing systems while still maintaining similar specificity and sensitivity of respective signal-sensing biosensors. The productions of double-color fluorescence were directly proportional to the exposure concentration of cadmium, thereby serving as an effective quantitative biosensor to detect bioavailable cadmium. This novel dual-sensing biosensor was then validated to respond to Cd(II) spiked in environmental water samples. This is the first report of the development of a novel dual-sensing, whole-cell biosensor for simultaneous detection of bioavailable cadmium. The application of two biosensing modules provides versatile biosensing signals and improved performance that can make a significant impact on monitoring high concentration of bioavailable Cd(II) in environmental water to reduce human exposure to the harmful effects of cadmium.

10.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608273

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are dysregulated in different cancer types, and thus have emerged as important regulators of the initiation and progression of human cancers. However, the biological functions and the underlying mechanisms responsible for their functions in gastric cancer (GC) remain poorly understood. Here, by lncRNA microarray, we identified 1414 differentially expressed lncRNAs, among which THAP7-AS1 was significantly upregulated in GC tissues compared with non-tumorous gastric tissues. High expression of THAP7-AS1 was correlated with positive lymph node metastasis and poorer prognosis. SP1, a transcription factor, could bind directly to the THAP7-AS1 promoter region and activate its transcription. Moreover, the m6A modification of THAP7-AS1 by METTL3 enhanced its expression depending on the "reader" protein IGF2BP1-dependent pathway. THAP7-AS1 promoted GC cell progression. Mechanistically, THAP7-AS1 interacted with the 1-50 Amino Acid Region (nuclear localization signal) of CUL4B through its 1-442 nt Sequence, and it promoted interaction between nuclear localization signal (NLS) and importin α1, and improved the CUL4B protein entry into the nucleus, repressing miR-22-3p and miR-320a expression by CUL4B-catalyzed H2AK119ub1 and the EZH2-mediated H3K27me3, subsequently activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to promote GC progression. Moreover, LV-sh-THAP7-AS1 treatment could suppress GC growth, invasion and metastasis, indicating that THAP7-AS1 may act as a promising molecular target for GC therapies. Taken together, our results show that THAP7-AS1, transcriptionally activated by SP1 and then modified by METTL3-mediated m6A, exerts oncogenic functions, by promoting interaction between NLS and importin α1 and then improving the CUL4B protein entry into the nucleus to repress the transcription of miR-22-3p and miR-320a.

11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9458328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651050

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is high-mortality primary liver cancer and the most common malignant tumor in the world. This study is based on a hepatocellular carcinoma-related dysfunction module designed to explore the dysregulation of genes in liver cancer tissue. Methods: By downloading the relevant data on the GEO database, we performed a differential analysis of healthy liver tissue and liver cancer tissues as well as healthy liver tissue and hepatocellular carcinoma tissue and then obtained two sets of differential genes and combined them. We performed a cointerpretation analysis of these differential genes and constructed related functional disorder modules. A hypergeometric test was performed to calculate the potential regulatory effects of multiple factors on the module, and a series of ncRNA and TF regulators were identified. We obtained a total of 4479 differentially expressed genes in hepatocellular carcinoma, and these genes were clustered into ten hepatocellular carcinoma-related functional interpretation disorder modules. Results: Enrichment analysis revealed that these modular genes are mainly involved in signal transduction including cell cycle, TGF-beta signal transduction, and p53 signal transduction. Depending on the predictive analysis of multidimensional regulators, 323 ncRNAs and 52 TF-mediated hepatocellular carcinoma-related dysregulation modules were found to regulate disease progression. Conclusions: Based on a series of investigations, it was found that miR-30b-5p may participate in the peroxisome signal transduction by downregulating ABCD3-mediated module 1, thereby promoting the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma. Our research results not only provide a theoretical basis for biologists to study hepatocellular carcinoma further but also offer new methods and new ideas for the personalized care and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 620531, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616702

RESUMO

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae infection among adults, especially in adults over 60 years old in China results in a large number of hospitalizations and a substantial financial burden. This study assessed the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) against pneumococcal diseases among the elderly aged 60 years or older in Shanghai, China. Methods: We conducted a test-negative case-control study among the elderly aged 60 years or older who sought care at hospitals in 13 districts of Shanghai from September 14, 2013 to August 31, 2019. A case was defined as pneumococcal disease and testing positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae. Controls had symptoms congruent with pneumococcal disease but were negative for Streptococcus pneumoniae. We conducted 1:2 matching by gender, age, hospital and admission date. Vaccination status was verified from the immunization system database. VE was calculated with conditional logistic regression according to the formula (1-OR) ×100%. Results: Overall, 603 adults aged 60 years or older with pneumococcal disease and positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae were included as cases, and 19.6% (118 persons) had a recorded PPV23 vaccination. The controls included 1,206 adults, whose vaccination rate was 23.8% (287 persons). The VE against pneumococcal diseases among the whole population was 24% (95% CI: 2%, 40%) and among women 44% (95% CI: 6%, 67%). After adjusting for multiple variables, the effectiveness of PPV23 against pneumococcal diseases was still statistically significant with VE for all of 25% (95% CI: 3%, 42%) and VE for women of 49% (95% CI: 11%, 71%). Conclusion: PPV23 was effective against pneumococcal diseases in adults aged 60 years or older in Shanghai, China. Its relatively high effectiveness among women warrants this group to be particularly targeted for vaccination, with further research on why vaccination effectiveness is less among men.


Assuntos
Infecções Pneumocócicas , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae
13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3213-3222, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658207

RESUMO

Continuous rain disaster is a kind of complex disaster with high frequency in the Basin area of Sichuan Province. Continuous rainy weather may appear in every growing stage of rice, with consequences on the yield and quality. Based on the meteorological data of 105 meteorological stations between 1981 and 2019, combining the observation data of rise production, agricultural statistics and the basic geographic information, we quantitatively evaluated and compared the continuous-rain disasters in the whole growth period and the four growth stages (sowing-jointing, jointing-booting, booting-early filling, mid-late filling-maturity) between transplanted rice and direct-seeded rice in the basin area of Sichuan Province. The results showed that the disaster index of continuous-rain for rice was higher in the sowing-jointing stage and the mid-late filling-maturity stage, higher in the northern and southwest edges of the basin, and lower in the middle, western and southern basin. The area with high-risk was relatively limited, which concentrated in the northern edge of the basin and scattered in the southern region of the basin. The low-risk area was the most widely distributed, which concentrated in the western and central parts of the basin. The total area of high-disaster areas for transplanted rice was 2.4 times as large as that for direct-seeded rice.


Assuntos
Desastres , Oryza , Agricultura , China , Chuva
14.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121172, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653935

RESUMO

Silicon, a highly biocompatible and ubiquitous chemical element in living systems, exhibits great potentials in biomedical applications. However, the silicon-based nanomaterials such as silica and porous silicon have been largely limited to only serving as carriers for delivery systems, due to the lack of intrinsic functionalities of silicon. This work presents the facile construction of a two-dimensional (2D) hydrogen-bonded silicene (H-silicene) nanosystem which is highlighted with tunable bandgap and selective degradability for tumor-specific photodynamic therapy facilely by surface covalent modification of hydrogen atoms. Briefly, the H-silicene nanosheet material is selectively degradable in normal neutral tissues but rather stable in the mildly acidic tumor microenvironment (TME) for achieving efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT). Such a 2D hydrogen-bonded silicene nanosystem featuring the tunable bandgap and tumor-selective degradability provides a new paradigm for the application of multi-functional two-dimensional silicon-based biomaterials towards the diagnosis and treatments of cancer and other diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Hidrogênio , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Silício , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502782

RESUMO

Fatigue failure is a significant problem in the structural safety of engineering structures. Human inspection is the most widely used approach for fatigue failure detection, which is time consuming and subjective. Traditional vision-based methods are insufficient in distinguishing cracks from noises and detecting crack tips. In this paper, a new framework based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) and digital image processing is proposed to monitor crack propagation length. Convolutional neural networks were first applied to robustly detect the location of cracks with the interference of scratch and edges. Then, a crack tip-detection algorithm was established to accurately locate the crack tip and was used to calculate the length of the crack. The effectiveness and precision of the proposed approach were validated through conducting fatigue experiments. The results demonstrated that the proposed approach could robustly identify a fatigue crack surrounded by crack-like noises and locate the crack tip accurately. Furthermore, crack length could be measured with submillimeter accuracy.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Redes Neurais de Computação , Algoritmos , Humanos
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 43011-43021, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469095

RESUMO

The research of thermoelectric materials is of great significance to solve the energy crisis and environmental problems. In this work, a series of pure SnSe bulk crystals were prepared by melting, high-energy ball milling, and hot pressing processes. The results show that the ZT value of the prepared pure SnSe polycrystalline material is up to 2.1 at 873 K. On the one hand, due to the reduction of grain size and lattice distortion caused by long-time high-energy ball milling, the lattice thermal conductivity is significantly reduced, which is only 0.18 W K-1 m-1 at 873 K. On the other hand, high-energy ball milling leads to the increase of Sn vacancies, which improves the conductivity of SnSe polycrystalline materials. Since the whole process of ball milling was carried out in a closed ball milling tank filled with high-purity argon, no oxidation of the SnSe powder is also a guarantee to obtain pure SnSe polycrystalline materials with high ZT value.

17.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(24): 7117-7122, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are a group of rare and aggressive sarcomas that often arise from major peripheral nerves and represent a notable challenge to efficacious treatment. MPNSTs can occur in any body surface and visceral organs with nerve fiber distribution. The treatment options for MPNSTs include surgery, chemotherapy, and adjuvant radiotherapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 26-year-old female cellist presented with chest pain on her left side when she squatted to lift the cello. One week later, a chest X-ray was performed and revealed fracture of the fourth rib on the left side. Three months later, the patient inadvertently touched a mass on the left side of the chest wall. Chest computed tomography (CT) three-dimensional reconstruction of the ribs revealed bone destruction of the fourth rib on the left side with a soft tissue mass shadow measuring 5.7 cm × 3.7 cm. CT-guided puncture biopsy of the tumor showed that heterotypic cells (spindle cells) tended to be nonepithelial tumor lesions. PET-CT demonstrated bone destruction and a soft tissue mass with avid 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose activity (SUVmax7.5) in the left fourth rib. The tumor of the left chest wall was resected under general anesthesia, and reconstruction of the chest wall was performed. The postoperative pathological report exhibited an MPNST. CONCLUSION: MPNSTs are relatively chemo-insensitive tumors. The mainstay of treatment for MPNSTs remains resection with tumor-free margins.

18.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common syndrome in elderly people. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, in particular machine-learning algorithms, have been increasingly used in disease diagnosis. AIM: In this study, we designed an effective diagnostic model of PAD in the elderly patients using artificial intelligence. METHODS: The study was performed with 539 participants, all over 80 years in age, who underwent the measurements of Doppler ultrasonography and ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI). Blood samples were collected. ABI and two machine-learning algorithms (MLAs)-logistic regression and a random forest (RF) model-were established to diagnose PAD. The sensitivity and specificity of the models were analyzed. An additional RF model was designed based on the most significant features of the original RF model and a prospective study was conducted to demonstrate its external validity. RESULTS: Thirteen of the 28 features introduced to the MLAs differed significantly between PAD and non-PAD participants. The respective sensitivities and specificities of logistic regression, RF, and ABI were as follows: logistic regression (81.5%, 83.8%), RF (89.3%, 91.6%) and ABI (85.1%, 84.5%). In the prospective study, the newly designed RF model based on the most significant seven features exhibited an acceptable performance rate for the diagnosis of PAD with 100.0% sensitivity and 90.3% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: An RF model was a more effective method than the logistic regression and ABI for the diagnosis of PAD in an elderly cohort.

19.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2124721, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554238

RESUMO

Importance: Nonanatomic prognostic factors complement the traditional anatomic staging system and could be incorporated into the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) framework. Several diseases have incorporated nonanatomic prognostic factors into the determination of TNM staging groups. Objective: To refine TNM staging groups for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) by incorporating EBV DNA status. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter prognostic study included patients with NPC treated with radiotherapy at 2 hospitals in China from January 2008 to December 2016. Progression-free survival and overall survival according to EBV DNA status and the TNM staging system were compared. Recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) combined with supervised clustering was applied to derive prognostic groupings, and then a refined RPA staging schema was developed, validated, and compared with existing staging schemes. Statistical analyses were conducted from October 1, 2020, to June 15, 2021. Exposures: Curative intensity-modulated radiotherapy with or without platinum-based chemotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was progression-free survival. The performance of the staging system was assessed using the time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curves and the TNM stage system's evaluation methodology. Results: A total of 2354 patients (1709 men [72.6%]; median [interquartile range] age, 45 [38-53] years) were split into training (1372 [58.3%]), internal validation (672 [28.5%]), and external validation (310 [13.2%]) cohorts. Pretreatment EBV DNA was detected in 1338 (56.8%) patients. EBV DNA status was an independent prognostic factor: lower survival probability by higher TNM stage was evident in EBV DNA-positive patients but not in those with EBV DNA-negative disease. After integrating EBV DNA status and TNM stage, nonmetastatic NPC cases were categorized into RPA-I (T1-3N0 or EBV DNA-negative T1-3N1 cancers), RPA-II (EBV DNA-positive T1-3N1-2 or EBV DNA-negative T1-3N2-3/T4N0-3 cancers), and RPA-III (EBV DNA-positive T4N0-3/T1-3N3 cancers) groups, each with distinctly different prognosis. This system of RPA staging outperformed the current TNM stage system and 2 reported RPA staging schemes. These results were internally and externally validated. Conclusions and Relevance: An RPA-based staging system for EBV-related NPC cases was associated with improved outcomes. This staging system may facilitate prognostic stratification and clinical trial designs.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532751

RESUMO

The antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic-resistant genes (ARGs) in Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have attracted increasing attention. In this study, the abundance of ARB and resistance genes tet32 and defA1 were investigated using high-throughput sequencing and high-throughput qPCR in water samples collected from the inlet of the biological treatment pool and outlet of Beilun Yandong WWTP in Ningbo, China. The result shows there was a high level of ARGs in the water of both the inlets and outlets in 2017 and 2018, whereas no ARGs were detected after adding a new baffled bioreactor (BBR) water treatment process in 2019. The BBR process uses Bacillus subtilis, B. thuringiensis, B. megaterium, B. licheniformis and B. amyloliquefaciens to effectively eliminate the ARGs in wastewater. Notably, this process did not significantly change the bacterial community structure of outlet water samples. The findings demonstrate an effective new method for removing ARGs from sewage.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...