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1.
Oncol Rep ; 46(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643248

RESUMO

Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) plays a primary role in the glucose metabolism of cancer cells. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are currently no anticancer drugs that inhibit GLUT1 function. The present study aimed to investigate the antineoplastic activity of berberine (BBR), the main active ingredient in numerous Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, on HepG2 and MCF7 cells. The results of Cell Counting Kit­8 assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry revealed that BBR effectively inhibited the proliferation of tumor cells, and induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Notably, the results of luminescence ATP detection assay and glucose uptake assay showed that BBR also significantly inhibited ATP synthesis and markedly decreased the glucose uptake ability, which suggested that the antitumor effect of BBR may occur via reversal of the Warburg effect. In addition, the results of reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence staining indicated that BBR downregulated the protein expression levels of GLUT1, maintained the cytoplasmic internalization of GLUT1 and suppressed the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in both HepG2 and MCF7 cell lines. Augmentation of Akt phosphorylation levels by the Akt activator, SC79, abolished the BBR­induced decrease in ATP synthesis, glucose uptake, GLUT1 expression and cell proliferation, and reversed the proapoptotic effect of BBR. These findings indicated that the antineoplastic effect of BBR may involve the reversal of the Warburg effect by downregulating the Akt/mTOR/GLUT1 signaling pathway. Furthermore, the results of the co­immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated that BBR increased the interaction between ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 I (Ubc9) and GLUT1, which suggested that Ubc9 may mediate the proteasomal degradation of GLUT1. On the other hand, BBR decreased the interaction between Gα­interacting protein­interacting protein at the C­terminus (GIPC) and GLUT1, which suggested that the retention of GLUT1 in the cytoplasm may be achieved by inhibiting the interaction between GLUT1 and GIPC, thereby suppressing the glucose transporter function of GLUT1. The results of the present study provided a theoretical basis for the application of the Traditional Chinese medicine component, BBR, for cancer treatment.

2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 320, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645456

RESUMO

Since the number of raw material selections for the synthesis of carbon dots (CDs) has grown extensively, herbal medicine as a precursor receives an increasing amount of attention. Compared with other biomass precursors, CDs derived from herbal medicine (HM-CDs) have become the most recent incomer in the family of CDs. In recent ten years, a great many studies have revealed that HM-CDs tend to be good at theranostics without drug loading. However, the relevant development and research results are not systematically reviewed. Herein, the origin and history of HM-CDs are outlined, especially their functional performances in medical diagnosis and treatment. Besides, we sort out the herbal medicine precursors, and analyze the primary synthetic methods and the key characteristics. In terms of the applications of HM-CDs, medical therapeutics, ion and molecular detection, bioimaging, as well as pH sensing are summarized. Finally, we discuss the crucial challenges and future prospects.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105389, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601295

RESUMO

Dried flowers of Inula britannica commercially serve as pharmaceutical/nutraceutical herbs in the manufacture of medicinal products and functional tea that has been reported to possess extensive biological property. However, the neuroprotective constituents in I. britannica flowers are not known. In the current study, phytochemicals of sesquiterpenoid-enriched I. britannica flowers extract and their potential multifunctional neuroprotective effects were investigated. Nineteen structurally diverse sesquiterpenoids, including two new sesquiterpenoid dimers, namely, inubritanolides A and B (1, 2), and four new sesquiterpenoid monomers (3-6), namely, 1-O-acetyl-6-O-chloracetylbritannilactone (3), 6-methoxybritannilactone (4), 1-hydroxy-10ß-methoxy-4αH-1,10-secoeudesma-5(6),11(13)-dien-12,8ß-olide (5) and 1-hydroxy-4αH-1,10-secoeudesma-5(6),10(14),11(13)-trien-12,8ß-olide (6), as well as 13 known congeners (7-19) were isolated from this source. The structures of compounds 1-6 were elucidated by 1D- and 2D- NMR and HR-ESI-MS data, and their absolute configurations were discerned by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Interestingly, inubritannolide A (1) is a new type [4 + 2] Diels-Alder dimer featuring a hepta-membered cycloether skeleton. Most of the compounds showed potential multifunctional neuroprotective effects, including antioxidative, anti-neuroinflammatory, and microglial polarization properties. Specifically, 1 and 6 displayed slight strong neuroprotective potency against different types of neuronal cells mediated by various inducers including H2O2, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Overall, this is the first report on multifunctional neuroprotective effects of sesquiterpenoid-enriched I. britannica flowers extract, which supports its potential pharmaceutical/nutraceutical application in neurodegenerative diseases.

4.
Food Funct ; 12(19): 9300-9314, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606525

RESUMO

In this study, Ougan juice (OJ) and lactic acid bacteria fermented Ougan juice (FOJ) were investigated individually for their capability of preventing obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed C57BL/6J mice. After being administered with OJ or FOJ for 10 weeks, the body weight gain, hyperlipidemia, and gut microbiota dysbiosis of HFD-fed mice were examined. The results showed that OJ or FOJ supplementation inhibited weight gain, lowered fat accumulation, reduced liver steatosis, improved glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity, increased brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity, and promoted white adipose tissue (WAT) browning. Both OJ and FOJ additions increased the diversity of gut microbiota. OJ reduced the relative abundance of phylum Erysipelatoclostridiaceae and genus Erysipelatoclostridium and remarkably increased SCFA-producing bacteria Blautia, while FOJ reduced the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and enhanced the relative abundance of family Lactobacillaceae. Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that Akkermansia, Dubosiella, and Muribaculaceae were significantly negatively correlated with obesity-related indexes. In general, FOJ exhibited a better inhibitory effect on obesity than OJ, and the possible inhibitory mechanism lies in promoting WAT browning and increasing intestinal probiotics. This study provides the guidance for developing fermented Ougan juice as an obesity-inhibiting functional food.

5.
Food Funct ; 12(19): 9188-9196, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606561

RESUMO

Folate cannot prevent all neural tube defects (NTD), indicating that other pathogeneses still exist except for the folate deficiency. Maternal diabetes mellitus during pregnancy can increase the risk of offspring NTD. Our previous study showed that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were lower in the placenta of human NTD cases than in healthy controls, and the supplementation of fish oil (rich in long-chain (LC) n-3 PUFA, mainly C20:5n-3 and C22:6n-3) had a better prevention effect against sodium valproate induced NTD than corn oil (rich in C18:2n-6) and flaxseed oil (rich in C18:3n-3). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether PUFA could prevent diabetes-induced NTD in mice. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic pregnant mice were fed with a normal diet (DMC), a diet containing a low dose of fish oil (DMLn-3), a diet containing a high dose of fish oil (DMHn-3) or a diet rich in corn oil (DMn-6). Healthy pregnant mice were fed with a normal diet (HC). Compared with the DMC group, the rate of NTD was significantly lower in the DMHn-3 group (4.44% vs. 12.50%), but not in the DMLn-3 (11.11%) or DMn-6 group (12.03%). The NTD rate in the DMHn-3 group was comparable with that in the HC group (1.33%) (p = 0.246), and lower than that in the DMn-6 group (p = 0.052). The NTD rate in DMLn-3 and DMn-6 groups was significantly higher than that in the HC group. No significant difference was observed in NTD rate between DMLn-3 and DMHn-3 groups, and between DMLn-3 and DMn-6 groups. Compared with the HC group, the DMC group had a significantly lower C22:6n-3 in both serum and embryos. Fish oil supplementation ameliorated neuroepithelial cell apoptosis, and the apoptotic rate was comparable between DMHn-3 and HC groups. Although the apoptotic rate was significantly lower in the DMn-6 group than the DMC group, it was still much higher than that in the HC group. The proteins P53 and Bax in embryos were higher, while the proteins Bcl-2 and Pax3 were lower in the DMC group than in the HC group. The disturbance of Pax3, P53 and Bax induced by diabetes was abolished in DMLn-3, DMHn-3 and DMn-6 groups. Importantly, Bcl-2 in embryos was restored to the normal level only in the DMHn-3 group but not in the DMLn-3 or DMn-6 group. In conclusion, LC n-3 PUFA enriched fish oil has a protective effect against NTD in diabetes induced by STZ through improving neuroepithelial cell apoptosis, and the mechanism may be by increasing the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 independently of Pax3 and P53.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592815

RESUMO

The heterojunction constructed by tungsten oxide and zinc oxide materials can improve the problem of easy deactivation of electrons, which is a new and effective strategy for realizing anticorrosion. Here, the ZnO/WO2.92 heterojunction modified by oxygen vacancies (OVs) serving as the photoelectric conversion center was not consumed to provide continuous light-induced protection for steel, and the impedance value was increased by 185.35% compared to that of epoxy resin after 72 h of corrosion. The enhanced anticorrosion activity was due to OV modification leading to oxygen adsorption and electron capture, which inhibited the cathodic corrosion reaction and effectively hindered electron transport. Additionally, the localized surface plasmon resonance effect produced by OVs improved light utilization efficiency and increased electron density, which enabled numerous photoelectrons to gather on the surface of the iron substrate to reduce the corrosion rate of metals. Besides, the cascade effect of the ZnO/WO2.92 heterojunction promoted the transfer of e-/h+ to form an electric field that allowed the directional flow of electrons to inhibit the anode dissolution process. Thus, exploring the corrosion reaction involving OVs and heterojunction structures was of great significance to the development of nonsacrificial and efficient anticorrosion materials.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108181, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607229

RESUMO

Demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system are characterized by recurrent demyelination and progressive neurodegeneration, but there are no clinical drugs targeting myelin regeneration or improving functional disability in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Total flavone of Epimedium (TFE) is the main active components of Epimedium, which exhibits the beneficial biological activities in the treatment of diseases, but there is no report in the treatment of demyelinating disorder. The purpose of this study was to explore the therapeutic potential and possible mechanism of TFE in the treatment of demyelination. The results showed that TFE efficiently improved the behavioural performance and histological demyelination in cuprizone (CPZ)-induced demyelinating model. In terms of action, TFE increased astrocytes enrichment in corpus callosum, striatum and cortex, and promoted astrocytes to express neurotrophic factors. Furthermore, the expression of platelet-activating factor receptor (PAFR) in astrocytes was induced by CPZ feeding and LPS stimulation, accompanied by the increase of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-1ß. TFE declined the expression of PAFR, and inhibited inflammatory response. At the same time, TFE also antagonized PAFR activation and inflammatory response triggered by PAF, which further confirmed that TFE, as a new PAFR antagonist, inhibited the astrocyte-derived inflammatory response by antagonizing PAFR-neuroinflammation axis, thus contributing to myelin protection and regeneration.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651221

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the association of cardiac fibroblast activation with clinical parameters and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging parameters in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). METHODS: Thirteen CTEPH patients were prospectively enrolled. All of the patients underwent cardiac 68Gallium-labelled fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (68 Ga-FAPI-04)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), right heart catheterisation, and echocardiography, and 11 of them additionally underwent CMR. Thirteen control subjects were selected to establish the normal range of cardiac 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake. Cardiac 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake higher than that in the blood pool was defined as abnormal. The global and segmental maximum standardised uptake values (SUVmax) of the right ventricle (RV) were measured and further expressed as target-to-background ratio (TBRRV) with left ventricular lateral wall activity as background. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was visually evaluated, and native-T1 times, enhanced-T1 times, and extracellular volume (ECV) were quantitatively measured. RESULTS: Ten CTEPH patients (77%) had abnormal 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake in RV, mainly located in the free wall, which was significantly higher than that in controls (TBRRV: 2.4 ± 0.9 vs 1.0 ± 0.1, P < 0.001). The TBRRV correlated positively with the thickness of RV wall (r = 0.815, P = 0.001) and inversely with RV fraction area change (RVFAC) (r = - 0.804, P = 0.001) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) (r = - 0.678, P = 0.011). No correlation was found between 68 Ga-FAPI-04 activity and CMR imaging parameters. CONCLUSION: Fibroblast activation in CTEPH, measured by 68 Ga-FAPI-04 imaging, is mainly localised in the RV free wall. Enhanced fibroblast activation reflects the thickening of the RV wall and decreased RV contractile function.

9.
Nanoscale ; 13(34): 14525-14537, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473816

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) is one of the main treatments for men with prostate cancer (PCa). To date, numerous sophisticated nano-formulations as radiosensitizers have been synthesized with inspiring therapeutic effects both in vitro and in vivo; however, almost all the attention has been paid on the enhanced dose deposition effect by secondary electrons of nanomaterials with high atomic numbers (Z); despite this, cell-cycle arrest, DNA damage, and also reactive oxygen species (ROS) production are critical working mechanisms that account for radiosensitization. Herein, an 'all-purpose' nanostrategy based on dose deposition enhancement, cell cycle arrest, and ROS production as prostate cancer radiosensitizer for potential clinical translation was proposed. The rather simple structure of docetaxel-loaded Au nanoparticles (NPs) with prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand conjugation have been successfully synthesized. Enhanced cellular uptake achieved via the selective internalization of the NPs by PCa cells with positive PSMA expression could guarantee enhanced dose deposition. Moreover, the as-synthesized nanosystem could effectively arrest the cell cycle at G2/M phases, which would reduce the ability of DNA damage repair for more irradiation sensitive of the PCa cells. Moreover, the G2/M phase arrest would further promote cascade retention and the enrichment of NPs within the cells. Furthermore, ROS generation and double strand breaks greatly promoted by NPs under irradiation (IR) could also provide an underlying basis for effective radiosensitizers. In vitro and in vivo investigations confirmed the as-synthesized NPs as an effective nano-radiosensitizer with ideal safety. More importantly, all moieties within the present nanosystem have been approved by FDA for the purpose of PCa treatment, thus making it highly attractive for clinical translation.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias da Próstata , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Dano ao DNA , Ouro , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(9): 1055-9, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion. METHODS: The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized. RESULTS: There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica. CONCLUSION: Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Bibliometria , Dismenorreia , Feminino , Humanos
11.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 705378, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526987

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is highly invasive and carries high mortality due to limited therapeutic strategies. In other solid tumors, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) target cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed death 1 (PD1), and the PD1 ligand PD-L1 has revolutionized treatment and improved outcomes. However, the relationship and clinical significance of CTLA-4 and PD-L1 expression in ICC remains to be addressed. Deciphering CTLA-4 and PD-L1 interactions in ICC enable targeted therapy for this disease. In this study, immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect and quantify CTLA-4, forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3), and PD-L1 in samples from 290 patients with ICC. The prognostic capabilities of CTLA-4, FOXP3, and PD-L1 expression in ICC were investigated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Independent risk factors related to ICC survival and recurrence were assessed by the Cox proportional hazards models. Here, we identified that CTLA-4+ lymphocyte density was elevated in ICC tumors compared with peritumoral hepatic tissues (P <.001), and patients with a high density of CTLA-4+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILsCTLA-4 High) showed a reduced overall survival (OS) rate and increased cumulative recurrence rate compared with patients with TILsCTLA-4 Low (P <.001 and P = .024, respectively). Similarly, patients with high FOXP3+ TILs (TILsFOXP3 High) had poorer prognoses than patients with low FOXP3+ TILs (P = .021, P = .034, respectively), and the density of CTLA-4+ TILs was positively correlated with FOXP3+ TILs (Pearson r = .31, P <.001). Furthermore, patients with high PD-L1 expression in tumors (TumorPD-L1 High) and/or TILsCTLA-4 High presented worse OS and a higher recurrence rate than patients with TILsCTLA-4 LowTumorPD-L1 Low. Moreover, multiple tumors, lymph node metastasis, and high TumorPD-L1/TILsCTLA-4 were independent risk factors of cumulative recurrence and OS for patients after ICC tumor resection. Furthermore, among ICC patients, those with hepatolithiasis had a higher expression of CTLA-4 and worse OS compared with patients with HBV infection or undefined risk factors (P = .018). In conclusion, CTLA-4 is increased in TILs in ICC and has an expression profile distinct from PD1/PD-L1. TumorPD-L1/TILsCTLA-4 is a predictive factor of OS and ICC recurrence, suggesting that combined therapy targeting PD1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 may be useful in treating patients with ICC.

13.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 167: 795-805, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530324

RESUMO

Cold is a common problem that limits the distribution of Camellia. Camellia japonica (Naidong) is the northernmost species of camellia in China, which is a Tertiary remnant species that can adapt to large changes in temperature. An analysis of the transcriptional response of C. japonica (Naidong) to cold is very important for the planting and distribution of camellia. In this study, the rate of H2O2 levels, electrolyte leakage, chlorophyll and sugar content had a higher degree of cold response during 12-72 h period, than other periods (0-12h, 72h-120h) in C. japonica (Naidong) response to cold treatment. We constructed the first full-length C. japonica (Naidong) transcriptome and identified 4544 significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs). A weighted gene coexpression network analysis showed that carbon metabolism, lipid metabolism, and transcription factors played important roles in the resistance of C. japonica (Naidong) to cold stress, and three hub transcription factor regulatory networks were constructed. In addition, overexpressing CjRAV1 led to cold sensitivity in Arabidopsis thaliana, thus CjRAV1 likely plays a negative regulatory role during cold stress in Camellia japonica. This study deepens our understanding of the regulatory mechanism of C. japonica (Naidong) under cold stress and will benefit genetic improvement of camellia.


Assuntos
Camellia , Aclimatação/genética , Camellia/genética , Temperatura Baixa , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Transcriptoma
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559693

RESUMO

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to access the correlations of RENAL, PADUA and NePhRO scores with operative complications, chronic kidney disease (CKD) upstaging, and oncologic outcomes after CT-guided percutaneous Microwave Ablation (MWA) of renal tumors in order to determine their status as independent predictors of outcomes after MWA. This study also aimed to generally evaluate the efficacy of MWA in treating renal tumors. Methods: From January 2017 to December 2019, 18 patients with 27 renal tumors who had undergone simultaneous biopsy and MWA were recruited in this single-center retrospective study. Data collection included tumor characteristics, procedural protocols, complications, CKD upstaging data, local tumor control data and overall survival. All lesions were evaluated using RENAL, PADUA and NePhRO scores, and further analysis was performed to determine whether the scores were correlated with operative complications, CKD upstaging, local tumor control and overall survival. Results: The minor and major complication rates were 16.7% and 0%, respectively. Two patients with solitary kidney experienced CKD upstaging. Local tumor recurrence was identified in one type of tumor (3.7%) in the first year of follow-up. L. parameter (P = .031), longitudinal (polar) location score (P = .011), Ne. parameter (P = .036), number of kidneys (P = .005), and number of lesions (P = .008), were predictive factors significantly associated with the occurrence of complications. Besides, CKD upstaging was associated with A. parameter (P = .032) and urinary collecting system score (P = .028). RENAL, PADUA, and NePhRO scores were significantly correlated with complications, overall survival, and CKD upstaging, respectively (P < .05). Conclusion: CT-guided percutaneous MWA was found to be a valuable alternative in the treatment of renal tumors for selected patients. Furthermore, RENAL, PADUA and NePhRO scores were not independent predictors of outcomes of MWA.

15.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 30(3): 446-456, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As an endocrine organ, the mass of skeletal muscle is closely related to human health. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between regional skeletal muscle and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Chinese elders. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1,328 participants (579 males and 749 females), aged 65 to 96 years were recruited between March to November 2020 in Qingdao, China. Of these, 400 cases and 400 healthy controls, matched by gender and age (±3 years), were included in the study. Skeletal muscle mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and body weight was adopted to standardize skeletal muscle mass to obtain skeletal muscle mass indexes. RESULTS: Inverse associations were observed for trunk muscle mass index (TMI) (OR=0.42; 95% CI: 0.19, 0.93; p for trend=0.083) and leg skeletal muscle mass index (LMI) (OR=0.41; 95% CI: 0.18, 0.97; p for trend=0.012) with NAFLD risk after adjustment for age, body mass index, glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, dietary intakes of energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat, smoking, alcohol drinking, education and physical activity. Dose-response analysis indicated that per standard deviation increment of LMI was associated with 23% (95%CI: 0.63, 0.95) reduction of NAFLD risk. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that higher TMI and LMI are associated with a lower NAFLD risk.

16.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113736, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521000

RESUMO

Despite the various benefits of humus, the changes in its chemical characteristics during composting in response to biochar addition and varying bulking agents remain to be further explored. In this study, three treatments were conducted, in which swine manure, bulking agent, and biochar were mixed at ratios of 4:1:0, 8:1:0, and 8:1:1. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C-NMR), three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy (3D-EEM), and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) were employed to characterize the chemical and structural properties of humus from multiple perspectives. The 3D-EEM spectra in this study showed a larger increase in humic acids (HAs) content (56%) and HAs to fulvic acids ratio (128%) during composting, indicating stronger humification in biochar-amended treatment. FTIR, 13C-NMR, and NEXAFS all confirmed the essential properties of HA as the core agronomic functional substance with rich aromatic and carboxyl groups, and that its aromaticity increased gradually during composting. In addition, 13C-NMR demonstrated that biochar addition and a relatively higher bulking agent ratio aided an increase in the carboxyl C proportion in HA after composting. In particular, NEXAFS revealed that biochar addition promoted the diversification of C, N, and O species in HA, with the emergence of quinone C and O-alkyl C as the main representatives. This work suggests that biochar addition and a relatively high bulking agent ratio could enhance humification and improve the agronomic function of humus.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Animais , Carvão Vegetal , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Esterco , Solo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Suínos
17.
Food Chem ; 371: 131102, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537616

RESUMO

The effect of egg white protein addition on the fibrous structure and protein aggregation of textured wheat gluten (TWG) extrudates was investigated. The hardness, springiness, chewiness, and degree of texturization of TWG significantly increased with the addition of egg white protein. Analysis of morphological characteristics showed a positive effect of egg white protein on the formation of the fibrous structure of TWG. The results of size-exclusion high performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC) indicated that the egg white protein improved the degree of wheat gluten aggregation, and the analysis of the protein intermolecular forces proved that disulfide bonds were the main contributor to the cross-linking of protein. In addition, an increase in the ß-sheets also indicated an increase in protein aggregation induced by egg white protein. The addition of egg white protein promoted protein interactions and improved the fibrous structure of TWG.

18.
J Pharm Sci ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551350

RESUMO

In the study, subvisible particles in 205 samples from 17 commercial mAb drug products approved in China were analyzed using light obscuration (LO) and flow imaging microscopy (FIM) methods. For each method, a total 633 tests (runs) were performed. In the tests, samples in state of lyophilized powder or syringe package had significantly higher particle concentrations. It was confirmed by analyzing the 205 drug product samples that FIM particle counts are generally higher than LO counts. The cause of the higher counts of FIM method than LO counts was examined by looking into the contribution of proteinaceous, translucent particles in the samples. The data of the study showed that the number of proteinaceous, translucent particles was a factor in the elevated counts of FIM method compared to LO method.

19.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 365-370, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374255

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effects of electroacupuncture on the expressions of autophagy-related factors LC3-Ⅱ, Beclin1, Atg7, and P62 in the liver of rapidly aging (senescence accelerated mouse/prone8,SAMP8) mice, and to explore the mechanisms of electroacupuncture to improve liver lipid metabolism in mice. Methods: Thirty-week-old male SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into model group, drug group, and electroacupuncture group, with 7 mice in each group. Seven anti-rapid aging SAMR1 mice of the same age were used as the control group. The animals in the control group and the model group were bred routinely for 2 weeks without any intervention; the drug group was treated with intraperitoneal injection of rapamycin at the dose of 10 mg·kg-1·d-1, once a day, 6 consecutive days a week; the electroacupuncture group was given "Shenshu" and "Taichong" Electroacupuncture at point(15 minutes a day, 6 consecutive days a week). The serum lipid metabolism and liver lipid deposition of mice were detected, the distribution of liver autophagy body, the protein and mRNA expressions of liver LC3 - Ⅱ, Beclin1, Atg7 and P62 were determined. Results: Compared with the control group, the total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) of the model group were increased significantly(P<0.01). In the model group, lipid droplet deposition was obvious, autophagosomes were decreased, the protein and mRNA expression levels of autophagy- related factors LC3-Ⅱ, Beclin1 and Atg7 were decreased significantly (P<0.01), while the protein and mRNA expressions of P62 were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the serum contents of TG, TC, and LDL of the mice in the electroacupuncture group and the drug group were decreased significantly (P<0.01), lipid droplet deposition was reduced, autophagosomes were increased, the protein and mRNA expression levels of LC3 -Ⅱ, Beclin1 and Atg7 were increased significantly(P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of P62 were decreased significantly(P<0.01). The protein and mRNA expression levels of Beclin1 and Atg7 in the liver of the electroacupuncture group were not significantly different from the drug group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Electroacupuncture can alleviate liver lipid metabolism disorders, which may be related to the regulation of the expressions of liver autophagy related factors LC3-Ⅱ, Beclin1, Atg7, and P62, thereby promoting liver autophagy in SAMP8 mice.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Envelhecimento , Animais , Autofagia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Fígado , Masculino , Camundongos
20.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(9): e23969, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic and chronic inflammatory disease. The cellular glucose metabolism of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of RA has been revealed to be essential to the pathogenesis and development of RA. To date, the precise roles and molecular mechanisms of long noncoding RNA TUG1 in RA have not been elucidated. METHODS: TUG1 and miR-34a-5p were detected by qRT-PCR. Interactions between lncRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA were validated by RNA pull-down assay and luciferase assay. The glucose metabolism was evaluated by glucose uptake and extracellular acidification rate (ECAR). Cell viability was determined by MTT assay and Annexin V assay. RESULTS: TUG1 expression was significantly upregulated in synovial fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) compared with normal FLSs. Functional assays uncovered that silence of TUG1 suppressed FLSs-RA invasion, migration, glucose metabolism, and increased apoptosis. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that TUG1 interacted with miR-34a-5p. RNA pull-down assay and luciferase assay validated that TUG1 sponged miR-34a-5p in FLSs-RA. Overexpression of miR-34a-5p effectively inhibited glucose metabolism of FLSs-RA. Furthermore, the glucose metabolism of FLSs-RA was significantly elevated compared with normal FLSs. The glucose metabolism enzyme, LDHA, was directly targeted by miR-34a-5p in FLSs. Rescue experiments validated that the miR-34a-5p-inhibited glucose metabolism of FLSs-RA was through targeting LDHA. Finally, we showed restoration of miR-34a-5p in TUG1-overexpressing FLSs-RA successfully overcame the TUG1-promoted glucose metabolism and apoptosis resistance via targeting LDHA. CONCLUSION: The present study uncovered critical roles and molecular mechanisms underlying the TUG1-mediated glucose metabolism and apoptosis of FLSs-RA through modulating the miR-34a-5p-LDHA pathway in fibroblast-like synoviocytes of rheumatoid arthritis.

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