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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167757

RESUMO

Two novel thorium-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely Th-SINAP-7 and Th-SINAP-8, have been synthesized via the solvothermal reactions of thorium nitrate and 1,4- or 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid in the presence of acid modulators. Bearing the rigid aromatic architectures, Th-SINAP-7 and Th-SINAP-8 exhibit exceptional chemical (from pH 1 to 12) and thermal stabilities (up to 520 °C), as well as ionizing radioresistance (2 × 105 Gy ß and γ irradiations). The highly porous nature and conjugated π-electrons of naphthalene on the organic linkers endow high affinity of both MOFs toward I2 molecules owning to the charge transfer between π-electrons of the host networks and the guest iodine molecules, as evidenced by combined techniques including of FTIR, PXRD, SEM-EDS, UV-vis spectroscopy, XPS, and Raman spectroscopy. Particularly, Th-SINAP-8 can efficiently remove >99% I2 from cyclohexane solution and exhibit guest uptake of iodine vapor with an adsorption capacity of 473 mg/g.

2.
Oncogene ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060423

RESUMO

Dysregulation of PARP10 has been implicated in various tumor types and plays a vital role in delaying hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the mechanisms controlling the expression and activity of PARP10 in HCC remain mostly unknown. The crosstalk between PLK1, PARP10, and NF-κB pathway in HCC was determined by performing different in vitro and in vivo assays, including mass spectrometry, kinase, MARylation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and luciferase reporter measurements. Functional examination was performed by using small chemical drug, cell culture, and mice HCC models. Correlation between PLK1, NF-κB, and PARP10 expression was determined by analyzing clinical samples of HCC patients with using immunohistochemistry. PLK1, an important regulator for cell mitosis, directly interacts with and phosphorylates PARP10 at T601. PARP10 phosphorylation at T601 significantly decreases its binding to NEMO and disrupts its inhibition to NEMO ubiquitination, thereby enhancing the transcription activity of NF-κB toward multiple target genes and promoting HCC development. In turn, NF-κB transcriptionally inhibits the PARP10 promoter activity and leads to its downregulation in HCC. Interestingly, PLK1 is mono-ADP-ribosylated by PARP10 and the MARylation of PLK1 significantly inhibits its kinase activity and oncogenic function in HCC. Clinically, the expression levels of PLK1 and phosphor-p65 show an inverse correlation with PARP10 expression in human HCC tissues. These findings are the first to uncover a PLK1/PARP10/NF-κB signaling circuit that underlies tumorigenesis and validate PLK1 inhibitors, alone or with NF-κB antagonists, as potential effective therapeutics for PARP10-expressing HCC.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017542

RESUMO

The directing effect of coordinating ligands in the formation of uranium molecular complexes has been well established, but the role of counterions in metal-ligand interactions remains ambiguous and requires further investigation. In this work, we describe the targeted isolation, through the choice of alkali-metal ions, of a family of tetravalent uranium sulfates, showing the influence of the overall topology and, unexpectedly, the UIV nuclearity upon the inclusion of such countercations. Analyses of the structures of uranium(IV) oxo/hydroxosulfate oligomeric species isolated from consistent synthetic conditions reveal that the incorporation of Na+ and Rb+ promotes the crystallization of 0D discrete clusters with a hexanuclear [U6O4(OH)4(H2O)4]12+ core, whereas the larger Cs+ ion allows for the isolation of a 2D-layered oligomer with a less condensed trinuclear [U3(O)]10+ center. This finding expands the prevalent view that counterions play an innocent role in molecular complex synthesis, affecting only the overall packing but not the local oligomerization. Interestingly, trends in nuclearity appear to correlate with the hydration enthalpies of alkali-metal cations, such that the alkali-metal cations with larger hydration enthalpies correspond to more hydrated complexes and cluster cores. These findings afford new insights into the mechanism of nucleation of UIV, and they also open a new path for the rational design and synthesis of targeted molecular complexes.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 229: 117972, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891868

RESUMO

An efficient and stable fluorescent sensor is described for the detection and imaging of thiols. It is making use of silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) which can be rapidly prepared. They were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray power diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry. The SiQDs have an absorption maximum at 300 nm and displayed blue-green fluorescence with excitation/emission maxima at 410/480 nm. A mixture of SiQDs and 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) exhibits strong fluorescence emission which however is quenched within 30 s of incubation with thiols. This is assumed to be due to an inner filter effect caused by the reaction of DTNB and thiols. The following thiols were tested: cysteine, homocysteine, and glutathione. The sensor has a linear response in the 3-100 µM thiol concentration range, and the LODs are between 0.80 and 0.96 µM. The sensor displays low cytotoxicity and was applied to fluorescence imaging of MCF-7 cells and Hela cells where it demonstrated excellent biocompatibility.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(7): 1422-1431, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976510

RESUMO

A small-molecule fluorescent probe offers unique advantages for the detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other reactive small molecules including high sensitivity, cell permeability and high spatiotemporal resolution. Generally, in order to obtain good cell permeability, fluorescent probes are liposoluble, which in turn leads to poor water solubility. Thus, it is regrettable that most of these fluorescent probes cannot be used in fully aqueous systems and hence, organic solvents are used, which may cause negative effects on living cells. Silicon nanodots (SiNDs) have been widely used in many fields due to good water solubility, benign nature, biocompatibility and low toxicity. Herein, we proposed a two-photon SiND-ANPA-N3 fluorescent probe with good water solubility, excellent biocompatibility and low toxicity; it is suitable to detect H2S in totally aqueous media and living cells. This strategy may provide a technically simple and facile approach for designing fluorescent probes with excellent solubility, benign nature, and biocompatibility for use in fully aqueous systems and in vivo.

6.
Planta ; 251(2): 43, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907627

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Co-expression and regulatory networks yield important insights into the growth-defense tradeoffs mechanism under jasmonic acid (JA) signals in Arabidopsis. Elevated defense is commonly associated with growth inhibition. However, a comprehensive atlas of the genes associated with the plant growth-defense tradeoffs under JA signaling is lacking. To gain an insight into the dynamic architecture of growth-defense tradeoffs, a coexpression network analysis was employed on publicly available high-resolution transcriptomes of Arabidopsis treated with coronatine (COR), a mimic of jasmonoyl-l-isoleucine. The genes involved in JA-mediated growth-defense tradeoffs were systematically revealed. Promoter enrichment analysis revealed the core regulatory module in which the genes underwent rapid activation, sustained upregulation after COR treatment, and mediated the growth-defense tradeoffs. Several transcription factors (TFs), including RAP2.6L, MYB44, WRKY40, and WRKY18, were identified as instantly activated components associated with pathogen and insect resistance. JA might rapidly activate RAV1 and KAN1 to repress brassinosteroid (BR) response genes, upregulate KAN1, the C2H2 TF families ZF2, ZF3, ZAT6, and STZ/ZAT10 to repress the biosynthesis, transport, and signaling of auxin to arrest growth. Independent datasets and preserved analyses validated the reproducibility of the results. Our study provided a comprehensive snapshot of genes that respond to JA signals and provided valuable resources for functional studies on the genetic modification of breeding population that exhibit robust growth and defense simultaneously.

7.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 180: 113052, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884391

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) are popular as fluorescence sensors, and metal ions are typical analytes. However, CDs used as fluorescent sensors for Fe3+ have some interferences coming from co-existed ions. In this study, we suspect that sp3 boron atom in phenylboronic acid group will be more compatible with Fe3+ to form coordination bonds, thereby increasing the selectivity to Fe3+. Hence, we designed and synthesized boron and nitrogen codoped carbon dots (BN-CDs) for detection of Fe3+ via a hydrothermal method using o-phenylenediamine (OPA) and 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzylchloroformate as precursors. From the results, we found that BN-CDs had superior selectivity to Fe3+ in the presence of the other common interfering metal ions like Cu2+, Fe2+ and Pb2+. Besides, the obtained BN-CDs exhibited good water solubility, favorable photostability, excellent pH stability between pH 2-11, and strong fluorescence intensity with quantum yield up to 31.5 %. These excellent properties of carbon dots validate that our idea is feasible, and can be used for design CDs for Fe3+ detection. Quenching mechanism study showed the fluorescence intensity of BN-CDs could be dramatically quenched by Fe3+ through dynamic and static synergy process. Finally, the as prepared BN-CDs were successfully applied to the determination of Fe3+ in fetal bovine serum and lake water.

8.
Viruses ; 12(1)2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861477

RESUMO

Rabies virus (RABV) matrix (M) protein plays several important roles during RABV infection. Although previous studies have assessed the functions of M through gene rearrangements, this interferes with the position of other viral proteins. In this study, we attenuated M expression through deoptimizing its codon usage based on codon pair bias in RABV. This strategy more objectively clarifies the role of M during virus infection. Codon-deoptimized M inhibited RABV replication during the early stages of infection, but enhanced viral titers at later stages. Codon-deoptimized M also inhibited genome synthesis at early stage of infection and increased the RABV transcription rates. Attenuated M through codon deoptimization enhanced RABV glycoprotein expression following RABV infection in neuronal cells, but had no influence on the cell-to-cell spread of RABV. In addition, codon-deoptimized M virus induced higher levels of apoptosis compared to the parental RABV. These results indicate that codon-deoptimized M increases glycoprotein expression, providing a foundation for further investigation of the role of M during RABV infection.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(44): 7033-7041, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638630

RESUMO

In this study, a simple and rapid method was designed to synthesize N-doped silicon quantum dots (N-SiQDs) with a maximum excitation wavelength and maximum emission wavelength of 347 nm and 440 nm, respectively. The prepared N-SiQDs are colorless in aqueous solution with excellent dispersibility, and the fluorescence quantum yield is 28.8%. The fluorescence intensity of the N-SiQDs decreases rapidly within 30 s in response to Hg2+ to form the Hg2+-N-SiQD system. Under physiological conditions, glutathione can coordinate with Hg2+ in the Hg2+-N-SiQD system causing Hg2+ to detach from the surface of N-SiQDs, and the fluorescence of N-SiQDs is restored within 1 min. After optimization of the N-SiQD preparation conditions and the response conditions, the linear ranges for Hg2+ and glutathione detection are 0.1-4 µM and 0.1-5 µM with the detection limits of 24 nM and 55 nM, respectively. Besides, fluorescence imaging results indicate that the "on-off-on" Hg2+-N-SiQD fluorescent sensor can be successfully applied to the detection of biothiols in living cells.

10.
Vaccine ; 37(51): 7478-7481, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582270

RESUMO

Rabies is an ancient zoonosis that continues to be an important health problem worldwide. Vaccination with rabies vaccine is the most important strategy to prevent rabies. Adjuvants contribute to the immune response of viral vaccine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether artemisinin derivatives artesunate and dihydroartemisinin could enhance the immunogenicity of inactivated rabies virus in mice. Administration of artesunate or dihydroartemisinin by intramuscular injection at a dose of 5 mg/kg did not cause body weight loss and unusual symptoms in mice. Mice were immunized with inactivated CVS-11 or inactivated rHEP-dG together with either artesunate or dihydroartemisinin through intramuscular injection. Blood samples were collected to investigate the virus-neutralizing antibody (VNA) titers, and challenge assays were then conducted. The results showed that the rabies VNA titers in mice co-treated with artesunate rather than dihydroartemisinin were significantly higher than in the control animals treated with the phosphate buffered saline (PBS). In addition, mice co-treated with artesunate survived from lethal rabies virus challenge compared with those treated with PBS. In contrast, co-treatment with dihydroartemisinin did not improve the survival rate of the challenged mice. The findings indicate that artesunate could be used as a new candidate adjuvant for rabies vaccination.

11.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(11): 708, 2019 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641864

RESUMO

Red emissive B,N co-doped carbon dots (BN-CDs) were hydrothermally synthesized from cresyl violet and boric acid. The BN-CDs exhibited excellent photostability, low cytotoxicity, excitation/emission maxima at 520/616 nm, and a relatively high quantum yield of 18%. The BN-CDs can binded to mercury(II), and this results in quenching of the red-colored fluorescence. However, on subsequent addition of the biothiol (such as cysteine, homocysteine or glutathione), fluorescence recovers. Therefore, the BN-CDs can be used as a multifunctional probe based on "on-off-on" fluorescence response for the detection of Hg(II) and biothiols. The following detection limits were accomplished: (a) Hg(II): 2.8 µM; (b) glutathione: 1.7 µM; (c) cysteine: 2.3 µM; (d) homocysteine: 3.0 µM. The BN-CDs also have been successfully applied for the imaging of Hg(II) and biothiols in HepG2 cells with excellent bio-compatibility. Graphical abstract Red emissive B,N co-doped carbon dots (BN-CDs) were synthesized through hydrothermal treatment of cresyl violet and boric acid. The BN-CDs can be used as a multifunctional probe based on "on-off-on" fluorescence response for detecting mercury(II) and biothiols in aqueous solution and living cells.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13477, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530843

RESUMO

Library preparation is a key step in sequencing. For RNA sequencing there are advantages to both strand specificity and working with minute starting material, yet until recently there was no kit available enabling both. The Illumina TruSeq stranded mRNA Sample Preparation kit (TruSeq) requires abundant starting material while the Takara Bio SMART-Seq v4 Ultra Low Input RNA kit (V4) sacrifices strand specificity. The SMARTer Stranded Total RNA-Seq Kit v2 - Pico Input Mammalian (Pico) by Takara Bio claims to overcome these limitations. Comparative evaluation of these kits is important for selecting the appropriate protocol. We compared the three kits in a realistic differential expression analysis. We prepared and sequenced samples from two experimental conditions of biological interest with each of the three kits. We report differences between the kits at the level of differential gene expression; for example, the Pico kit results in 55% fewer differentially expressed genes than TruSeq. Nevertheless, the agreement of the observed enriched pathways suggests that comparable functional results can be obtained. In summary we conclude that the Pico kit sufficiently reproduces the results of the other kits at the level of pathway analysis while providing a combination of options that is not available in the other kits.

13.
Aging Cell ; 18(6): e13021, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549781

RESUMO

Sleep abnormalities are common with aging. Studies show that sleep plays important roles in brain functions, and loss of sleep is associated with increased risks for neurological diseases. Here, we used RNA sequencing to explore effects of age on transcriptome changes between sleep and sleep deprivation (SD) in medial prefrontal cortex and found that transcriptional changes with sleep are attenuated in old. In particular, old mice showed a 30% reduction in the number of genes significantly altered between sleep/wake and, in general, had smaller magnitudes of changes in differentially expressed genes compared to young mice. Gene ontology analysis revealed differential age effects on certain pathways. Compared to young mice, many of the wake-active functions were similarly induced by SD in old mice, whereas many of the sleep-active pathways were attenuated in old mice. We found similar magnitude of changes in synaptic homeostasis genes (Fos, Arc, and Bdnf) induced by SD, suggesting intact synaptic upscaling on the transcript level during extended wakefulness with aging. However, sleep-activated processes, such as DNA repair, synaptogenesis, and axon guidance, were sensitive to the effect of aging. Old mice expressed elevated levels of immune response genes when compared to young mice, and enrichment analysis using cell-type-specific markers indicated upregulation of microglia and oligodendrocyte genes in old mice. Moreover, gene sets of the two cell types showed age-specific sleep/wake regulation. Ultimately, this study enhances understanding of the transcriptional changes with sleep and aging, providing potential molecular targets for future studies of age-related sleep abnormalities and neurological disorders.

14.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 21(10): 1580-1590, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532580

RESUMO

Many patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but not all, have a reduction in blood pressure (BP) with positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment. Our objective was to determine whether the BP response following PAP treatment is related to obesity. A total of 188 adults with OSA underwent 24-hour BP monitoring and 24-hour urinary norepinephrine collection at baseline. Obesity was assessed by waist circumference, body mass index, and abdominal visceral fat volume. Participants adherent to PAP treatment were reassessed after 4 months. Primary outcomes were 24-hour mean arterial pressure (MAP) and 24-hour urinary norepinephrine level. Obstructive sleep apnea participants had a significant reduction in 24-hour MAP following PAP treatment (-1.22 [95% CI: -2.38, -0.06] mm Hg; P = .039). No significant correlations were present with any of the 3 obesity measures for BP or urinary norepinephrine measures at baseline in all OSA participants or for changes in BP measures in participants adherent to PAP treatment. Changes in BP measures following treatment were not correlated with baseline or change in urinary norepinephrine. Similar results were obtained when BP or urinary norepinephrine measures were compared between participants dichotomized using the sex-specific median of each obesity measure. Greater reductions in urinary norepinephrine were correlated with higher waist circumference (rho = -0.21, P = .037), with a greater decrease from baseline in obese compared to non-obese participants (-6.26 [-8.82, -3.69] vs -2.14 [-4.63, 0.35] ng/mg creatinine; P = .027). The results indicate that the BP response to PAP treatment in adults with OSA is not related to obesity or urinary norepinephrine levels.

15.
Talanta ; 205: 120070, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450480

RESUMO

Pd0-mediated Tsuji-Trost reaction is a practical strategy to design fluorescent probes for carbon monoxide (CO) sensing, and in such reaction CO can reduce Pd2+ to Pd0 in-situ and remove allyl groups on fluorophores. In most of these probes, esters are commonly used to link allyl on fluorophores. We found that the ester groups could be hydrolyzed by esterase activity of fetal bovine serum (FBS), while FBS is a requisite in cell culture, and the hydrolysis could interfere the Pd0-mediated Tsuji-Trost reaction. In this study, we synthesized a fluorescent probe (Cou-CO) using allyl ether as reaction site rather than allyl ester. Cou-CO is non-fluorescence, and could react with CO under the presence of Pd0 to form Cou with strong fluorescence, and the maximum excitation and emission wavelengths of Cou are 464 nm and 495 nm respectively. Cou-CO shows excellent selectivity to CO and could avoid the effect of FBS with the limit of detection for CO is 78 nm. Finally, Cou-CO was successfully applied for imaging of CO in living cells.


Assuntos
Compostos Alílicos/química , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Ésteres/química , Éteres/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Compostos Alílicos/síntese química , Compostos Alílicos/toxicidade , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células HeLa , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Cebolas/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Soroalbumina Bovina/química
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 767-781, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234030

RESUMO

By the analysis of different binding modes with Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), series of novel diphenylthiazole derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized and characterized. Biologically evaluation in biochemistry and cellular assay indicated that, compounds 5m, 5o, 6b, 6c, 6g, 6i, 7h, 7i, 7k, 7m, 7n, 7o and 7s exhibited improved potency against Ramos cell (IC50 = 1.36-8.60 µM) and Raji cell (IC50 = 1.20-14.04 µM) as compared with ibrutinib (IC50 = 14.69 and 15.99 µM, respectively). Especially, compounds 7m and 7n showed 10-time improved potency against Ramos cell viability over ibrutinib. Compound 6b improved 13-fold activity against Raji cell viability than ibrutinib. In addition, active compound 7o potently inhibited C481S mutant BTK with IC50 value of 0.061 µM. Apoptosis analysis of both Ramos and Raji cells indicated that 7o was remarkably more potent than CGI-1746 and ibrutinib. Compound 7o potently inhibited BTK Y223 phosphorylation in Raji cells, and arrested cell cycle progression in the G0/G1 phase in Raji and Ramos cells. This study expanded the structural diversity of BTK inhibitors and compound 7o was discovered as an active lead inhibitor with great potential for further studies.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 3129-3138, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118668

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of LncRNA MNX1-AS1 in NSCLC and its effect on NSCLC cell lines. Methods: In this experiment, the expression of LncRNA MNX1-AS1 was detected by qRT-PCR in 116 NSCLC samples, and the correlation between MNX1-AS1 and NSCLC patients was further analyzed by chi-square test. The prognostic value of MNX1-AS1 was assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve. The expression of MNX1-AS1 in NSCLC cell line A549 was knocked down, and the effects of MNX1-AS1 on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells were evaluated. Results: Compared with normal lung tissue, the expression of MNX1-AS1 was significantly increased in lung cancer tissues (p<0.05). The expression level of MNX1-AS1 in NSCLC cell line A549 was significantly higher than that in human normal lung epithelial cell line Beas-2B (p<0.05). MNX1-AS1 expression was significantly associated with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that high expression of MNX1-AS1 was associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC. In addition, knockdown of MNX1-AS1 inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of the NSCLC cell line A549 and promoted apoptosis. Conclusion: The up-regulation of LncRNA MNX1-AS1 is associated with the progression and prognosis of NSCLC. Knockdown of LncRNA MNX1-AS1 inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells and promotes apoptosis.

18.
Viruses ; 11(5)2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035728

RESUMO

Nucleoprotein (N) is a key element in rabies virus (RABV) replication. To further investigate the effect of N on RABV, we manipulated an infectious cDNA clone of the RABV HEP-Flury to rearrange the N gene from its wild-type position of 1 (N-P-M-G-L) to 2 (P-N-M-G-L), 3 (P-M-N-G-L), or 4 (P-M-G-N-L), using an approach that left the viral nucleotide sequence unaltered. Subsequently, viable viruses were recovered from each of the rearranged cDNA and examined for their gene expression levels, growth kinetics in cell culture, pathogenicity in suckling mice and protection in mice. The results showed that gene rearrangement decreased N mRNA transcription and vRNA replication. As a result, all viruses with rearranged genomes showed worse replication than that of rHEP-Flury in NA cells at a MOI of 0.01, but equivalent or slightly better replication levels at a MOI of 3. Consequently, the lethality in suckling mice infected with N4 was clearly attenuated compared with rHEP-Flury. However, the protection to mice was not enhanced. This study not only gives us insight into the understanding of the phenotype of RABV N gene rearrangement, but also helps with rabies vaccine candidate construction.

19.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(4): 044101, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043032

RESUMO

Thermodynamic properties of refractory materials, such as standard enthalpy of formation, heat content, and enthalpy of reaction, can be measured by high temperature calorimetry. In such experiments, a small sample pellet is dropped from room temperature into a calorimeter operating at high temperature (often 700 °C) with or without a molten salt solvent present in an inert crucible in the calorimeter chamber. However, for hazardous (radioactive, toxic, etc.) and/or air-sensitive (hygroscopic, sensitive to oxygen, pyrophoric, etc.) samples, it is necessary to utilize a sealed device to encapsulate and isolate the samples, crucibles, and solvent under a controlled atmosphere in order to prevent the materials from reactions and/or protect the personnel from hazardous exposure during the calorimetric experiments. We have developed a sample seal-and-drop device (calorimetric dropper) that can be readily installed onto the dropping tube of a calorimeter such as the Setaram AlexSYS Calvet-type high temperature calorimeter to fulfill two functions: (i) load hazardous or air-sensitive samples in an air-tight, sealed container and (ii) drop the samples into the calorimeter chamber using an "off-then-on" mechanism. As a case study, we used the calorimetric dropper for measurements of the enthalpy of drop solution of PuO2 in molten sodium molybdate (3Na2O·4MoO3) solvent at 700 °C. The obtained enthalpy of -52.21 ± 3.68 kJ/mol is consistent with the energetic systematics of other actinide oxides (UO2, ThO2, and NpO2). This capability has thus laid the foundation for thermodynamic studies of other Pu-bearing phases in the future.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(7): 4223-4229, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869880

RESUMO

A water-stable two-dimensional lanthanide organic framework, {Eu(BTB)DMF} n (Eu-MOF; DMF = N, N-dimethylformamide), with two one-dimensional channels was obtained, and its structure was characterized. With changes in the amount of LiOH·H2O, different sizes of {Eu(BTB)DMF} n were synthesized. The prepared Eu-MOF powder is easy to disperse in water and exhibits typical Eu red emission. The fluorescence properties showed that Eu-MOF can detect sulfamethzine (SMZ) with high sensitivity and selectivity. Finally, the as-synthesized Eu-MOF was successfully used for the detection of SMZ in surface water by a standard addition method.

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