Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 461
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599553

RESUMO

The safety of energy storage equipment has always been a stumbling block to the development of battery, and sodium ion battery is no exception. However, as an ultimate solution, the use of non-flammable electrolyte is susceptible to the side effects, and its poor compatibility with electrode, causing failure of batteries. Here, we report a non-flammable electrolyte design to achieve high-performance sodium ion battery, which resolves the dilemma via regulating the solvation structure of electrolyte by hydrogen bonds and optimizing the electrode-electrolyte interphase. The reported non-flammable electrolyte allows stable charge-discharge cycling of both sodium vanadium phosphate@hard carbon and Prussian blue@hard carbon full pouch cell for more than 120 cycles with a capacity retention of > 85% and high cycling Coulombic efficiency (99.7%).

2.
Cancer Sci ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490703

RESUMO

Copy number variations (CNVs) in cell-free DNA (cfDNA) are emerging as noninvasive biomarkers for various cancers. However, multiple-level analysis of cfDNA CNVs for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with radical treatments remains uninvestigated. Here, CNVs at genome-wide, chromosomal-arm, and bin levels were analyzed in cfDNA from 117 HCC patients receiving radical treatments. Then, the relationship between cfDNA CNVs and clinical outcomes was explored. Our results showed that a concordant profile of CNVs was observed between cfDNA and tumor tissue DNA. Three genome-wide CNV indicators including tumor fraction (TFx), prediction score (P-score), and stability score (S-score) were calculated and demonstrated to exhibit significant correlation with poorer overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Furthermore, the high-frequency cfDNA CNVs at chromosomal-arm level including the loss of 4q, 17p, and 19p and the gain of 8q and 1q clearly predicted HCC prognosis. Finally, a bin-level risk score was constructed to improve the ability of CNVs in predicting prognosis. Altogether, our study indicates that the multiple-level cfDNA CNVs are significantly associated with OS and RFS in HCC patients with radical treatments, suggesting that cfDNA CNVs detected by low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) may be used as potential prognostic biomarkers of HCC patients.

4.
Mol Cell Probes ; 59: 101762, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481896

RESUMO

Canine bufavirus (CBuV) was first discovered in puppies in Italy in 2016, and subsequent studies have reported its possible relationship with acute enteritis. Currently, there is no specific and quantitative detection method for CBuV. This study examined the conserved NS1 gene and used a pair of specific primers to establish a direct SYBR Green I-based real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method for the detection and quantification of CBuV. In the sensitivity experiment, the detection limit of SYBR Green I-based real-time qPCR was 4.676 × 101 copies/µL and that of conventional PCR (cPCR) was 4.676 × 103 copies/µL. Furthermore, the qPCR method did not detect other viruses in dogs, indicating good specificity. The intra-assay coefficient of variation was 0.07-0.55% and the inter-assay coefficient of variation was 0.03-0.11%, indicating good repeatability. In clinical sample testing, the detection rate of qPCR was 5.0% (6/120), higher than that of cPCR (2.5%, 3/120). In addition, the samples that tested CBuV-positive in this experiment were all from dogs with acute enteritis. In summary, the SYBR Green I-based qPCR method established in this study has good sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility for clinical sample detection and can also assist in future research on CBuV.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105321, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500305

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia is a principal factor mediating gout and kidney damage, and xanthine oxidase (XOD) is a key enzyme in the pathogenesis of hyperuricemia. In this context, a series of geniposide derivatives were designed and synthesized, and antihyperuricemic and nephroprotective effects of all derivatives was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Compound 2e emerged as the most potent XOD inhibitor, with an IC50 value of 6.67 ± 0.46 µM. Simultaneously, cell viability, ROS generation, and SOD levels assay showed that compound 2e could repair the damage of HKC cells by inhibiting the oxidative stress response. The results of the study indicated compound 2e significantly decreased uric acid levels by inhibiting the XOD activity, and repaired kidney damage by inhibiting the expression of TLR4/TLR2/MyD88/NF-κB and NALP3/ASC/caspase-1 signaling pathways. Enzyme inhibition kinetics suggested that compound 2e functioned via reversible mixed competitive inhibition. Moreover, a molecular docking study was performed to gain insight into the binding mode of compound 2e with XOD. These results suggest that geniposide derivatives were potential to be developed into a novel medicine to reveal healthy benefits in natural prevention and reduction risk of hyperuricemia and kidney damage.

6.
J Virol Methods ; 298: 114294, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547343

RESUMO

Feline coronavirus (FCoV) contains two serotypes, feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). FECV and feline parvovirus (FPV) can cause similar clinical symptoms in cats, such as diarrhea. The objective of this study was to establish a duplex SYBR Green I-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for rapid and simultaneous detection of FPV and FCoV. Two pairs of specific PCR primers were designed to target fragments of the VP2 gene of FPV and of the 5' UTR gene of FCoV, respectively. The assay distinguished between the two viruses based on the melting curves (melting temperatures 77.0 ± 0.5 °C [FPV] and 80.5 ± 0.5 °C [FCoV]). The minimum limits of FPV and FCoV detection were 4.74 × 101 copies/µL and 7.77 × 101 copies/µL, respectively. The assay showed excellent reproducibility and reliability, based on the mean coefficient of variation. In conclusion, this novel duplex SYBR Green I-based qPCR assay is sensitive and can specifically, reliably, and rapidly detect FPV and FCoV (co-)infections.

7.
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob ; 20(1): 62, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcal (GBS) infection is the primary agent of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Rapid and simple methods to detect GBS are Xpert GBS and GBS LB assays based on real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). However, since the diagnostic accuracy of the two techniques in diagnosing GBS remains unclear, we designed this study to appraise the diagnostic accuracy of the aforementioned. METHODS: A systematic search of all literature published before July 16, 2020 was conducted using Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. The study quality was evaluated through Review Manager 5.3. Accordingly, data extracted in the included studies were analyzed using Meta-DiSc 1.4 and Stata 12.0 software. The diagnosis odds ratio (DOR) and bivariate boxplot were utilized to evaluate the heterogeneity. Publication bias was appraised by using Deeks' funnel plot. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were adopted and only 19 sets of data met the criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert GBS were 0.91 (95% CI 0.89-0.92) and 0.93 (95% CI 0.92-0.94). The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.9806. The sensitivity and specificity results of Xpert GBS LB were 0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.95), respectively. The AUC was 0.9950. No publication bias was found. CONCLUSIONS: The Xpert GBS and GBS LB assays are valuable alternative methods with high sensitivity and specificity. However, determining whether they can be used as clinical diagnostic standards for GBS is essential for the future.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149187, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340077

RESUMO

Shale gas is a promising unconventional natural gas in the world, however the produced flowback water have severe challenges to surrounding water resource. Conventional reuse technology uses bactericide to control corrosive microorganism, which might bring uncontrolled drug resistance and other secondary pollution. In this study, storage strategy of flowback water was designed as a pre-control stage to decline corrosive microorganism. Dissolved oxygen and temperature were chosen as two key parameters based on microbial physiological and biochemical characteristics. Results showed that under the cross effect of temperature and dissolved oxygen, 15 °C and anaerobic condition had the optimal microorganism control effectiveness. Microorganism amount and live/dead cell ratio decreased by 63.7% and 68.74% respectively compared raw water. COD removal efficiency reduced to only 20%, indicating that the microorganism activity was extremely inhibited. However, microorganism in flowback water was more sensitive to dissolved oxygen compared to temperature. Redundancy analysis confirmed that dissolved oxygen contribution was as high as 91.5% while temperature was not significant (p > 0.05), the contribution rate was only 8.5%. Thermococcus, Archaeoglobus, Thermovirga, Thermotoga and Moorella were the dominated thermophilic, anaerobic and sulfate reduction or metal corrosion microorganism in flowback water, so all these identified microorganisms were control targets. Importantly, all the target microorganisms detected in flowback water were declined after different storage strategies. This study provides an effective storage strategy for flowback water to inhibit the microbial amount and activity without biocides addition, which could help promote the green exploitation of shale gas.


Assuntos
Gás Natural , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Temperatura , Águas Residuárias , Água
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5008, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429436

RESUMO

Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membrane deflection and a battery-free, wireless mode of operation capable of multi-site measurements at strategic locations across the body. Such devices yield continuous, simultaneous readings of pressure and temperature in a sequential readout scheme from a pair of primary antennas mounted under the bedding and connected to a wireless reader and a multiplexer located at the bedside. Experimental evaluation of the sensor and the complete system includes benchtop measurements and numerical simulations of the key features. Clinical trials involving two hemiplegic patients and a tetraplegic patient demonstrate the feasibility, functionality and long-term stability of this technology in operating hospital settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos
10.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361712

RESUMO

The genus Maytenus is a member of the Celastraceae family, of which several species have long been used in traditional medicine. Between 1976 and 2021, nearly 270 new compounds have been isolated and elucidated from the genus Maytenus. Among these, maytansine and its homologues are extremely rare in nature. Owing to its unique skeleton and remarkable bioactivities, maytansine has attracted many synthetic endeavors in order to construct its core structure. In this paper, the current status of the past 45 years of research on Maytenus, with respect to its chemical and biological activities are discussed. The chemical research includes its structural classification into triterpenoids, sesquiterpenes and alkaloids, along with several chemical synthesis methods of maytansine or maytansine fragments. The biological activity research includes activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities, as well as HIV inhibition, which can provide a theoretical basis for the better development and utilization of the Maytenus.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Maitansina/análogos & derivados , Maytenus/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Triterpenos/química , Alcaloides/classificação , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Maitansina/isolamento & purificação , Maitansina/farmacologia , Maytenus/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/classificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais , Sesquiterpenos/classificação , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triterpenos/classificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia
11.
Org Lett ; 23(18): 7231-7235, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436914

RESUMO

Eleucanainones A and B are two structurally complex naphthoquinone-derived dimers whose structure identification is difficult. Large yellow fragments of the preliminary CASE (computer-assisted structure elucidation) analysis revealed that the original structures might be questionable. Structural revisions of the two compounds were proposed on the basis of NMR analysis, CASE methods, conformation analysis, and DFT (density functional theory) NMR calculations with a custom DP4+ analysis. In addition, a polyketide-folded biosynthetic pathway of the two revised structures was proposed.

12.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(8): e0009633, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347790

RESUMO

Dengue fever virus (DENV) is a global health threat that is becoming increasingly critical. However, the pathogenesis of dengue has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we employed bioinformatics analysis to identify potential biomarkers related to dengue fever and clarify their underlying mechanisms. The results showed that there were 668, 1901, and 8283 differentially expressed genes between the dengue-infected samples and normal samples in the GSE28405, GSE38246, and GSE51808 datasets, respectively. Through overlapping, a total of 69 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, of which 51 were upregulated and 18 were downregulated. We identified twelve hub genes, including MX1, IFI44L, IFI44, IFI27, ISG15, STAT1, IFI35, OAS3, OAS2, OAS1, IFI6, and USP18. Except for IFI44 and STAT1, the others were statistically significant after validation. We predicted the related microRNAs (miRNAs) of these 12 target genes through the database miRTarBase, and finally obtained one important miRNA: has-mir-146a-5p. In addition, gene ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to gain insight into the actions of DEGs. In conclusion, our study displayed the effectiveness of bioinformatics analysis methods in screening potential pathogenic genes in dengue fever and their underlying mechanisms. Further, we successfully predicted IFI44L and IFI6, as potential biomarkers with DENV infection, providing promising targets for the treatment of dengue fever to a certain extent.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 300, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381015

RESUMO

Elderly people and patients with comorbidities are at higher risk of COVID-19 infection, resulting in severe complications and high mortality. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we investigate whether miRNAs in serum exosomes can exert antiviral functions and affect the response to COVID-19 in the elderly and people with diabetes. First, we identified four miRNAs (miR-7-5p, miR-24-3p, miR-145-5p and miR-223-3p) through high-throughput sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR analysis, that are remarkably decreased in the elderly and diabetic groups. We further demonstrated that these miRNAs, either in the exosome or in the free form, can directly inhibit S protein expression and SARS-CoV-2 replication. Serum exosomes from young people can inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication and S protein expression, while the inhibitory effect is markedly decreased in the elderly and diabetic patients. Moreover, three out of the four circulating miRNAs are significantly increased in the serum of healthy volunteers after 8-weeks' continuous physical exercise. Serum exosomes isolated from these volunteers also showed stronger inhibitory effects on S protein expression and SARS-CoV-2 replication. Our study demonstrates for the first time that circulating exosomal miRNAs can directly inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication and may provide a possible explanation for the difference in response to COVID-19 between young people and the elderly or people with comorbidities.


Assuntos
COVID-19/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , China , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , MicroRNA Circulante/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Exercício Físico , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/virologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/crescimento & desenvolvimento , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/sangue , Replicação Viral
14.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285134

RESUMO

Advances in endovascular treatment of acute ischaemic stroke from intracranial large vessel occlusions have continued in the past decade. Here, we performed a detailed review of all the new trials and studies that had the highest evidence, the guidelines for mechanical thrombectomy, the selection of the particular population outside the guidelines and endovascular therapeutic strategies for acute ischemic stroke from occluded intracranial arteries.

15.
J Virol Methods ; 296: 114247, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332010

RESUMO

In this study, a TaqMan-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to detect canine astrovirus in clinical samples was developed. Primers and probes were designed to target conserved regions of the complete viral genome sequence. The results showed that the proposed method can detect a minimum of 101 copy numbers. No cross-reactivity with other canine and feline viruses was observed. The coefficient of variation was <5%. Evaluation of the clinical samples showed that quantitative PCR had a 5.26 % higher positive detection rate than conventional PCR. These results indicate that the method developed in this study is highly reliable and suitable for veterinary clinical diagnosis and epidemiological investigations.

16.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(9): e23919, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid laboratory detection is essential to diagnose norovirus infection. LAMP has many advantages compared with RT-PCR for detecting norovirus, including high sensitivity, high specificity, rapidity, low cost, and intuitive results, which can be easily read with the naked eye with the help of color-based reporters. In this study, we intend to analyze the accuracy of LAMP methods for the diagnosis of norovirus infection. METHODS: Two researchers independently retrieved relevant literature up to January 2021 (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wan Fang, and VIP). The researchers screened all articles and extracted their research data for meta-analysis. QUADAS-2 tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies by Review Manager 5.3. Forest plots were performed by Meta-DiSc 1.4 to evaluate the accuracy of the test. Deeks' funnel plot symmetry tests were conducted by Stata 15.0 to check the potential publication bias. RESULTS: Eleven sets of data extracted from the eight included studies were included for meta-analysis. For the detection of norovirus, the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive LR, negative LR, diagnostic OR, and their 95% CI were 0.96 (0.95-0.97), 0.99 (0.99-1.00), 91.14 (31.88-260.56), 0.06 (0.04-0.09), and 1473.68 (562.96-3857.70), respectively. Besides, AUC in the SROC curve was 0.9920. CONCLUSION: LAMP had high sensitivity and specificity in terms of the diagnosis of norovirus infection. However, further extension of this approach should be researched to ensure the accuracy and practicability of this hopeful test in the future.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(15): 7538-7544, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288389

RESUMO

Mitochondria are central eukaryotic organelles in cellular metabolism and ATP production. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations have been implicated in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there are few reports on the association between mtDNA haplogroups or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of CRC. The mtDNA of 286 Northern Han Chinese CRC patients were sequenced by next-generation sequencing technology. MtDNA data from 811 Han Chinese population controls were collected from two public data sets. Then, logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effect of mtDNA haplogroup or SNP on the risk of CRC. We found that patients with haplogroup M7 exhibited a reduced risk of CRC when compared to patients with other haplogroups (odds ratio [OR] = 0.532, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.285-0.937, p = 0.036) or haplogroup B (OR = 0.477, 95% CI = 0.238-0.916, p = 0.030). Furthermore, haplogroup M7 was still associated with the risk of CRC when the validation and combined control cohort were used. In addition, several haplogroup M7 specific SNPs, including 199T>C, 4071C>T and 6455C>T, were significantly associated with the risk of CRC. Our results indicate the risk potential of mtDNA haplogroup M7 and SNPs in CRC in Northern China.

18.
Mar Drugs ; 19(6)2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204535

RESUMO

For utilizing the largest source of marine proteins, Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) proteins were defatted and hydrolyzed separately using pepsin, alcalase, papain, trypsin, and netrase, and alcalase hydrolysate (EPAH) showed the highest DPPH radical (DPPH·) and hydroxyl radical (HO·) scavenging activity among five hydrolysates. Using ultrafiltration and chromatography methods, fifteen antioxidant peptides were purified from EPAH and identified as Asn-Gln-Met (NQM), Trp-Phe-Pro-Met (WFPM), Gln-Asn-Pro-Thr (QNPT), Tyr-Met-Asn-Phe (YMNF), Ser-Gly-Pro-Ala (SGPA), Ser-Leu-Pro-Tyr (SLPY), Gln-Tyr-Pro-Pro-Met-Gln-Tyr (QYPPMQY), Glu-Tyr-Glu-Ala (EYEA), Asn-Trp-Asp-Asp-Met-Arg-Ile-Val-Ala-Val (NWDDMRIVAV), Trp-Asp-Asp-Met-Glu-Arg-Leu-Val-Met-Ile (WDDMERLVMI), Asn-Trp-Asp-Asp-Met-Glu-Pro-Ser-Phe (NWD-DMEPSF), Asn-Gly-Pro-Asp-Pro-Arg-Pro-Ser-Gln-Gln (NGPDPRPSQQ), Ala-Phe-Leu-Trp-Asn (AFLWA), Asn-Val-Pro-Asp-Met (NVPDM), and Thr-Phe-Pro-Ile-Tyr-Asp-Tyr-Pro-Gln (TFPIYDPQ), respectively, using a protein sequencer and ESI/MS. Among fifteen antioxidant peptides, SLPY, QYPPMQY and EYEA showed the highest scavenging activities on DPPH· (EC50 values of 1.18 ± 0.036, 1.547 ± 0.150, and 1.372 ± 0.274 mg/mL, respectively), HO· (EC50 values of 0.826 ± 0.027, 1.022 ± 0.058, and 0.946 ± 0.011 mg/mL, respectively), and superoxide anion radical (EC50 values of 0.789 ± 0.079, 0.913 ± 0.007, and 0.793 ± 0.056 mg/mL, respectively). Moreover, SLPY, QYPPMQY and EYEA showed strong reducing power, protective capability against H2O2-damaged plasmid DNA, and lipid peroxidation inhibition ability. Furthermore, SLPY, QYPPMQY, and EYEA had high stability under temperatures lower than 80 °C, pH values ranged from 6-8, and simulated GI digestion for 180 min. The results showed that fifteen antioxidant peptides from alcalase hydrolysate of Antarctic krill proteins, especially SLPY, QYPPMQY and EYEA, might serve as effective antioxidant agents applied in food and health products.

19.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e929346, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Emodin has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, but few studies have tried to understand the mechanism of its anti-hypercholesterolemic effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS To delineate the underlying pathways, high-cholesterol diet (HCD)-fed Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administrated emodin or the lipid-lowering medicine simvastatin. Emodin was administered at 10, 30, or 100 mg/kg, while simvastatin was administered at 10 mg/kg. Parameters measured included lipid profiles (serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, aorta endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in response to acetylcholine, and nitric oxide (NO) production. RT-qPCR and western blotting were performed to evaluate aortic endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), phosphorylated eNOS (p-eNOS), and hepatic LDL receptor (LDLR). Indices of liver and serum oxidation were also measured. RESULTS The atherogenic index was increased by the HCD but significantly reduced in all treatment groups. The HCD-fed experimental group treated with emodin at 10 mg/kg had significantly lower serum total-C and LDL-C and improved aorta vasorelaxation and enhanced NO production. Also, emodin significantly attenuated the lipid profiles and restored endothelial function, as reflected by upregulated expression of hepatic LDLR and p-eNOS, respectively. Furthermore, emodin at 10 mg/kg significantly enhanced superoxide dismutase activity, lowered the malondialdehyde level in both liver and serum, and enhanced catalase activity in serum. CONCLUSIONS The ability of emodin to inhibit hypercholesterolemia in HCD-fed rats was associated with lower serum total-C and LDL-C, restoration of aortic endothelial function, and improved antioxidant capacity. Low-dose emodin showed better protection of aortic endothelium and better antioxidant activity than did higher doses.

20.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 37(10): 851-862, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153159

RESUMO

LIM homeobox transcription factor 1-beta (LMX1B) has recently been found to be highly expressed in advanced gliomas and is associated with poor survival. However, the regulatory molecular mechanism of LMX1B expression in gliomas remains unclear. In this study, bioinformatics analysis showed that miR-485-5p may be the potential upstream regulator of LMX1B, and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 3 (SNHG3) may function as a competitive endogenous RNA to sponge miR-485-5p. In addition, the expression of SNHG3 and LMX1B in advanced glioma tissues was significantly upregulated, while the expression of miR-485-5p was significantly downregulated. SNHG3 overexpression reduced the expression of miR-485-5p; increased the expression of LMX1B; and promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells. In contrast, miR-485-5p overexpression reduced the expression of LMX1B and inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. The luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay further confirmed the interaction between SNHG3 and miR-485-5p and between miR-485-5p and LMX1B. In addition, subcutaneous and orthotropic xenograft models confirmed that lncRNA SNHG3 silencing or miR-485-5p overexpression significantly reduced the growth of glioma xenografts and prolonged survival time. These results indicate that lncRNA SNHG3 can regulate the expression of LMX1B by sponging miR-485-5p, thereby promoting the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells. This study provides the first evidence that the SNHG3/miR-485-5p/LMX1B axis is involved in glioma tumorigenesis and highlights the potential of SNHG3 and miR-485-5p as therapeutic targets for glioma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...