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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(35): 2798-2803, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551497

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical etiology of ovarian infertility. Methods: The data of infertile women who underwent 3.0T MRI and magnetic resonance hysterosalpingography (MR-HSG) examination in the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to March 2020 were collected. The ovarian factors of infertility, as well as the abnormalities of bilateral fallopian tubes and uterus, were evaluated. Etiologies assessed by MRI were finally confirmed by hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, surgery, or a comprehensive clinical diagnosis. Results: Among 1 351 patients, 1 296 cases were eligible and included for further analysis. Evaluated by MRI and MR-HSG, 494(38.12%) cases had ovarian abnormalities, including 239(48.38%) cases of ovarian endometriosiss, 116(23.48%) cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), 37(7.49%) cases of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), 33(6.68%) cases of ovarian mass, 28(5.67%) cases of ovarian injury, and 41(8.30%) cases who had at least two kinds of ovarian diseases. Unilateral and bilateral ovarian abnormalities accounted for 52.02% (257/494) and 47.98%(237/494), respectively.In total, 453 of 494(91.7%) patients had only one kind of ovarian disease. Among the 494 patients, 103(20.85%) cases had abnormal ovary with normal uterus and fallopian tubes, and the other 391(79.15%) cases had abnormalities not only in ovary, but in fallopian tube and/or uterus. Conclusion: Infertility-related ovarian diseases have certain characteristics of MRI findings. 3.0T MRI is useful for comprehensive analysis of etiology in ovarian infertility. Combined with MR-HSG, it provides one-stop assessments of the pelvic factors in female infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Tubas Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 365-372, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current distribution of ticks and predict the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2017, so as to provide insights into tick control and management of tick-borne diseases in these areas. METHODS: All publications pertaining to tick and pathogen distribution in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration were retrieved, and the geographical location of tick distribution was extracted. The effects of 19 climatic factors on the distribution of ticks were examined using the jackknife method, including the mean temperature of the wettest quarter, precipitation of the coldest quarter, mean temperature of the driest quarter, maximum temperature of the warmest month, precipitation of the driest month, minimal temperature of the coldest month, annual precipitation, mean daily temperature range, precipitation seasonality, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality, annual mean temperature, mean temperature of the warmest quarter, precipitation of the wettest quarter, isothermality, mean temperature of the coldest quarter, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation of the driest quarter and precipitation of the warmest quarter. The distribution of ticks was analyzed in 2020 using the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model, and the potential suitable habitats of ticks were predicted in 2070 using the MaxEnt model based on climatic data. RESULTS: A total of 380 Chinese and English literatures were retrieved, and 148 tick distribution sites were extracted, with 135 sites included in the subsequent analysis. There were 7 genera (Haemaphysalis, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, Dermacentor, Boophilus, Hyalomma and Amblyomma) and 27 species of ticks detected in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. The climatic factors affecting the distribution of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration mainly included the mean temperature of the wettest quarter and the precipitation of the coldest quarter, with 26.1% and 23.6% contributions to tick distributions. The high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were 20 337.08, 40 017.38 km2 and 74 931.43 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2020, respectively. The climate changes led to south expansion of the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, and the total areas of suitable habitats of ticks was predicted to increase by 18 100 km2. In addition, the high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were predicted to increase to 24 317.84, 45 283.02 km2 and 83 766.38 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple tick species are widespread in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, and the future climate changes may lead to expansion of tick distribution in these areas.


Assuntos
Ixodes , Rios , Animais , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Temperatura
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 583-590, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455746

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of intravascular NK and T cell lymphoma for better understanding of such disease to reduce misdiagnosis and miss-diagnosis. Methods: Clinical and pathological features were analyzed retrospectively in one case of intravascular peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (IVPTCL, NOS) , with literatures review. Results: The case presented in this study was a 66-year-old man. PET/CT scan showed multiple lymph nodes enlargement throughout the body. Normal lymph node structure could not be observed by tissue biopsy, while lymph follicles were partially disrupted. High-power light microscope revealed a large number of blood vessels with diffuse proliferation and dilation, where atypical lymphoid cell mass was restricted in the lumen and partially infiltrated the large blood vessel wall. These tumor cells were medium to large with moderate cytoplasm. The nucleus was irregular, single or multiple nucleoli could be seen, chromatin was condensed, some were empty and bright, and mitotic figures could be seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the neoplastic cells were positive for expression of CD3, CD43, CD8, GrB, TIA-1 and perforin. EBER in situ hybridization result was negative. Polymerase chain reaction test identified a clonal gene rearrangement of T-cell receptor γ. The patient was treated with CHOP in combination with chidamide, but died of infection and cardiopulmonary failure within 2 months. 56 cases of intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma with definite classification were collected from relevant literatures, including 47 cases with nasal type of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (27 were male and 20 were female) , 8 cases with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (3 males and 5 females) , and only one case with de nova IVPTCL, NOS in brain. We report the second case of IVPTCL,NOS, and notably originated from lymph node for the first time. Conclusions: Intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma is a highly aggressive disease with no effective treatment at present. Involvement of Lymph node has rarely been reported, and further studies on more cases are necessary.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337910

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is among the most common frequent chronic metabolic bone diseases in postmenopausal women. Here, the effect and underlying mechanisms of miR-195-5p in OP were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. In this study, the microgravity (MG) environment was simulated in MC3T3-E1 cells, and miR-195-5p overexpression or SMURF1 knockdown model was constructed to test their effects on the proliferation, apoptosis and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, an OVX mouse model was constructed in vivo, and adenovirus-loaded miR-195-5p mimics were administered to the mice to overexpress miR-195-5p. HE staining and µCT were adopted to observe pathological changes of femur. The targeted relationship between miR-195-5p and SMURF1 was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) experiment. The results indicated that miR-195-5p was down-regulated in the head of femur of OP mouse model and MC3T3-E1 cells subjected to MG microenvironment. In addition, overexpression of miR-195-5p promoted MC3T3-E1 cell osteogenic differentiation and inhibited apoptosis. Mechanistically, SMURF1 is identified as a target of miR-195-5p, and overexpressing miR-195-5p activates the BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 signal by inhibiting the SMURF1 expression. Moreover, SMURF1 downregulation accelerated the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells and attenuated MG-mediated apoptosis. In addition, upregulating miR-195-5p reduced osteoporosis in the OVX mouse model, accompanied with SMURF1 downregulation and BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 pathway activation. Collectively, miR-195-5p enhances osteogenic differentiation of osteoclast and relieve OP progression in the mouse model through activation of the BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 axis by targeting SMURF1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoporose , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases
5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 487-494, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384155

RESUMO

Objective: To screen and analyze the prognostic protein biomarkers of DLBCL, and to explore their value in the prognostic evaluation. Methods: 163 cases of confirmed DLBCLs from January 2011 to December 2016 were collected with their clinical, pathological and follow-up data, which were all from our hospital. The expression of protein markers were tested using immunohistochemical staining (IHC) . The immune phenotypes independent of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) that affect overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of DLBCL were explored by COX regression model, and the effect of their co-expression on the prognosis were also analyzed. Result: BCL6 negative (PFS: HR=1.652, 95%CI 1.030-2.649, P=0.037) , P53 positive (OS: HR=1.842, 95%CI 1.008-3.367, P=0.047) , and BCL2 strong positive expressions (S+) (OS: HR=2.102, 95%CI 1.249-3.537, P=0.005; PFS: HR=2.126, 95%CI 1.312-3.443, P=0.002) are adverse prognostic factors of DLBCL that are independent of IPI. BCL6(-) (PFS: HR=2.042, 95%CI 1.021-4.081, P=0.043) , P53(+) (OS: HR=3.069, 95%CI 1.244-7.569, P=0.015) and BCL2(S+) (OS: HR=2.433, 95%CI 1.165-5.082, P=0.018; PFS: HR=3.209, 95%CI 1.606-6.410, P=0.001) are adverse prognostic factors in the group of age≤60-year-old; in the group of IPI score 0-2, cases with BCL6(-) (OS: HR=2.467, 95%CI 1.322-4.604, P=0.005; PFS: HR=2.248, 95%CI 1.275-3.965, P=0.005) and BCL2(S+) (PFS: HR=2.045, 95%CI 1.119-3.735, P=0.020) have worse prognosis. The co-expression of BCL6(-) and BCL2(S+) has significant influence on prognosis of DLBCL (P=0.005 and P<0.001) , in which BCL6(+)/non-BCL2(S+) (n=86) has the best prognosis[3-year-OS (71.6±4.9) %, 3-year-PFS (67.0±5.1) %], and BCL6(-)/BCL2(S+) (n=10) has the worst prognosis[3-year-OS (20.0±12.6) %, 3-year-PFS (10.0±9.5) %]; the co-expression of BCL6(-) and P53(+) has no significant influence on prognosis (P=0.061 and P=0.089) , however, those cases with BCL6(+)/P53(-) (n=98) often get better prognosis[3-year-OS (70.6±4.7) %, 3-year-PFS (64.6±4.9) %] than others; the co-expression of P53(+) and BCL2(S+) has significant influence on prognosis of DLBCL (P<0.001 and P<0.001) , and P53(+)/BCL2(S+) (n=5) has the worst prognosis (3-year-OS and 3-year-PFS are both 0) ; BCL2(S+) cases get shorter OS and PFS, regardless of the expression of BCL6 and P53. Conclusion: The expression and co-expression of BCL6 negative, P53 positive and BCL2(S+) have certain value in the prognostic evaluation of DLBCL, especially in the group of age≤60-year-old and IPI score 0-2.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 978-982, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445836

RESUMO

Objective: This study retrospectively analyzed an outbreak of dengue fever in Puyang of Henan province in 2019, in order to find the sources of infection. Methods: Dengue virus IgM/IgG and NS1 antigen were tested by colloidal gold method. E gene was amplified by PCR. MegaX was used for sequences alignment to construct evolutionary distance trees. Results: After clinical and laboratory confirmation, there were 81 cases of dengue fever, 17 of which were imported case who were local farmers and worked in Combadia and Thailand, and 64 of which were indigenous cases. The E gene alignment results showed that the pathogen of this epidemic was Vietnamese 1 and highly homologous with the Vietnamese strain. After the local outbreak, dengue virus E gene developed a nucleotide site mutation which can be steadily transmission. Conclusion: The dengue fever outbreak in Puyang was a local outbreak caused by dengue virus type 1, which was associated with imported cases. Gene sequencing showed that the imported pathogen had a relatively stable and transmissible nucleotide mutation after the local epidemic.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue , Dengue , Dengue/epidemiologia , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Filogenia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(7): 482-488, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304440

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of age on the fresh cycle live birth rate in patients with poor ovarian response in different controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups. Methods: The clinical data of 3 342 patients in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2014 to November 2018 were retrospectively collected, including early-follicular phase long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist long protocol group (1 375 cases), mid-luteal phase short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group (1 161 cases) and GnRH antagonist protocol group (806 cases); each group was divided into 4 subgroups according to age: ≤30 years, 31-35 years, 36-40 years and >40 years, the pregnancy outcomes in each age subgroup were analyzed under different controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocols. Results: In early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group, the final live birth rates of each age subgroup were 39.4% (228/579), 36.1% (135/374), 16.6% (48/290) and 3.0% (4/132); in mid-luteal phase short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group, live birth rates of each age subgroup were 32.1% (99/308), 20.8% (55/264), 13.0% (45/346) and 7.0% (17/243); in GnRH antagonist protocol group, live birth rates of each age subgroup were 22.8% (26/114), 16.3% (25/153), 11.2% (31/278), and 3.8% (10/261); the live birth rate of each group decreased significantly with the increase of age (all P<0.01). When the age≤35 years old, the fresh cycle live birth rate of the early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol group was significantly better than those of the other two groups (all P<0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis of age and live birth rate of the three controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups showed age was the independent influence factor (OR=0.898, 95%CI: 0.873-0.916, P<0.01; OR=0.926, 95%CI: 0.890-0.996, P<0.01; OR=0.901, 95%CI: 0.863-0.960, P<0.01). Conclusions: Age is an independent influencing factor for the prediction of fresh cycle live birth rate in low ovarian response patients. No matter which controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocol is adopted, the final live birth rate decreases significantly with the increase of women's age. In addition, the early-follicular phase long-acting GnRH agonist long protocol has the highest fresh cycle live birth rate among all controlled ovarian hyperstimulation groups.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Indução da Ovulação , Adulto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Humanos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 440-448, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000774

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein and the EB virus infection in gastric adenocarcinoma, and to examine the association of MMR expression and EB virus infection with clinicopathological parameters. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Clinicopathological data of patients who was pathologically diagnosed as gastric adenocarcinoma, received radical gastrectomy and had complete clinicopathological data from August 2017 to April 2020 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) of MMR proteins and in situ hybridization (ISH) of Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) were reviewed. The associations of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. The main observations of the study were MMR and EBER expression, and association of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters. Results: Eight hundred and eighty-six patients were enrolled, including 98 patients who received preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Of 886 patients, 613 (69.2%) were males and the median age was 60 (22-83) years; 831 (93.8%) were mismatch repair proficiency (pMMR), and 55 (6.2%) were mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR). In dMMR group, 47 cases (85.5%) had the deficiency of both MLH1 and PMS2, 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency of both MSH2 and MSH6, 4 cases (7.3%) had the deficiency only in PMS2, 2 cases (3.6%) had the deficiency only in MSH6, and 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency only in MSH2. The deficiency rates of PMS2, MLH1, MSH6 and MSH2 were 5.8% (51/886), 5.3% (47/886), 0.3% (3/886) and 0.2% (2/886), respectively. Among the 871 cases with EBER results, 4.9% (43/871) were positive EBER. Univariate analysis showed that dMMR was more frequently detected in female patients (χ(2)=10.962, P=0.001), cancer locating in the antrum (χ(2)=9.336,P=0.020), Lauren intestinal type (χ(2)=9.718, P=0.018), stage T3 (χ(2)=25.866, P<0.001) and TNM stage II (χ(2)=15.470, P=0.002). The ratio of dMMR was not significantly associated with age, tumor differentiation, histological type, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). Compared with negative EBER, positive EBER was more frequent in male patients (χ(2)=9.701, P=0.002), cancer locating in gastric fundus and corpus (χ(2)=17.964, P<0.001), gastric cancer with lymphoid stroma (χ(2)=744.073, P<0.001) and poorly differentiated cancer (χ(2)=13.739, P=0.010). Positive EBER was not significantly associated with age, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM stage or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). In addition, all dMMR cases were EBER negative, and all cases of positive EBER were pMMR. Conclusions: The positive EB virus status is mutually exclusive with dMMR, indicating that different molecular subtypes of gastric adenocarcinoma are involved in different molecular pathways in tumorigenesis and progression. The overlapping of dMMR or positive EBER status and positive Her-2 expression is found in some cases of gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients with gastric adenocarcinoma after radical surgery should be tested for MMR status if they are female, the tumor locates in gastric antrum, the TNM staging is stage II or T3, or if the Lauren classification is intestinal type. And if patients are male, the tumor locates in the gastric fundus and corpus, the cancer is lymphoid stroma, or poor differentiated, the expression of EBER should be detected. Results of our study may provide evidence for further decision-making of clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Gástricas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/genética , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(4): 369-375, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831997

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in colorectal cancers (CRC) and to evaluate the feasibility and potential pitfalls of immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis for MMR. Methods: The IHC sections for MMR proteins were reviewed in 3 428 cases of resected CRC without neoadjuvant therapy at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from July 2014 to October 2018. For the cases with unclear MMR IHC results during the initial review, IHC staining was repeated and microsatellite instability (MSI) analysis was performed. Relationships between the expression of MMR proteins and MSI status as well as the clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Results: IHC staining for MMR was repeated in 28 (0.8%) cases due to poor quality of original IHC sections. Inconsistent results between the original diagnosis and re-diagnosis were found in 119 (3.5%) cases, mainly resulting from PMS2 and MLH1. Finally, 261 (7.6%) cases of CRC showed mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR), mainly from the deficiency of both MLH1 and PMS2 (43.3%,113/261). In the 14 cases with MSI results, the concordant of MSI and MMR was 13 cases. In the 29 dMMR cases with next generation sequencing (NGS) results, the concordant of MSI-high and dMMR was 93.1%(27/29). The cases with inconsistent results between MSI and MMR showed negative expression of MSH6 or PMS2. Twenty-one CRC showed negative expression of MLH1 and partially positive (or weak positive) expression of PMS2, or negative expression of MSH2 and partially positive (or weak positive) expression of MSH6. Among the 19 cases with MSI results, 16 cases were MSI-high, two cases were MSI-low, and one case was microsatellite stable. Compared with mismatch repair proficiency (pMMR), dMMR was more frequently detected in female patients younger than 50 years old, with family history, at early stage (Ⅰ-Ⅱ) CRC, and in the tumors from right colon,with poor differentiation, or mucinous adenocarcinoma/signet ring cell carcinoma (all P<0.05). Conclusions: At present, IHC staining is a clinically effective and convenient method to detect MMR expression, but the operating process and result assessment remain variable and need to be standardized. MSI analysis can be performed in the difficult-to-evaluate cases for MMR to enhance prognostic evaluation and treatment option.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/genética , Endonuclease PMS2 de Reparo de Erro de Pareamento/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/genética , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/metabolismo , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(8): 591-596, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663191

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and clinical outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with micro amount frozen-thawed diagnostic sperm obtained by microdissection testicular sperm extraction (microTESE), percutaneous epididymal sperm as-piration (PESA) and testicularsperm extraction (TESA) in the treatment of azoospermia. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 736 ICSI cycles of azoospermia patients.In Reprocluctive Medicine Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to December 2019. Including 199 ICSI cycles (microTESE 47cycles, PESA 75cycles and TESA 77 cycles) with micro amount frozen-thawed diagnostic sperm and 537 ICSI cycles (microTESE 23 cycles, PESA 111 cycles and TESA 403 cycles) with fresh micro amount sperm. The general conditions, embryo development conditions and clinical outcomes of patients were compared between and within the two groups. Results: The recovery rate of PESA group was significantly lower than that of TESA group (89.3% vs 98.7%), P<0.05. The rate of 2PN in the fresh control group was significantly higher than that in the experiment group (75.5% vs 71.3%) and the rate of 2PN in the fresh microTESE and PESA groups were also significantly higher than those of the frozen-thawed microTESE and PESA groups (74.2% vs 64.6%) and (78.5% vs 72.4%), P<0.05. Both the rate of D5 blastocyst formation and high quality blastocyst in the fresh group were significantly lower than that in the experiment group (26.9% vs 32.9%) and (15.1% vs 18.0%), P<0.05; both the rate of early cleavage and blastocyst formation in the fresh microTESE group were significantly lower than that in the frozen-thawed microTESE group (55.1% vs 68.3%) (27.3% vs 39.3%), P<0.05. Both the rate of 8 cells embryos and blastocyst formation in the fresh TESA group were significantly lower than those of the TESA frozen-thawed group (41.3% vs 46.0%) (26.5% vs 32.4%), P<0.05. There was no significant difference in pregnancy rate and planting rate between or within the groups(P>0.05). The abortion rate in the frozen-thawed group was significantly higher than the fresh group (12.0% vs 4.0%), P<0.05, especially the abortion rate in the PESA frozen-thawed group was significantly higher than the fresh group (18.0% vs 1.7%), P<0.05. There was no significant difference in gender, weight and body length between the fresh group and the frozen-thawed group (P>0.05), but there were two malformed babies born in the frozen-thawed group. Conclusions: Frozen-thawed microinjection of diagnostic microspermatozoa is a feasible method for the treatment of asthenospermia.There was on significonty difference in pregnancy rate and planting rate between of with in the groups. However, significantly higher than the fresh PESA group of the influence on offspring needs to be further studied.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Oligospermia , Azoospermia/terapia , Criopreservação , Feminino , Humanos , Inseminação , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espermatozoides
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(48): 3853-3858, 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371630

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of ipsilateral simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK). Methods: A total of 146 cases of SPK surgeries completed in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from September 2016 to June 2020 were selected to summarize the outcome, curative effect and complications of the operation. Results: The patients were followed up for 1 to 45 months. Good clinical results were obtained in 146 patients. Renal function indicators suggest that on the 7th day after operation, the serum creatinine returned to normal level [142.4 (108.6, 213.4)µmol/L]. The index of pancreatic function decreased to the normal level as expected. The level of blood amylase was 160.5(109.3, 249.8) U/L within 7 days after operation, and then decreased. The trend of urinary amylase was similar to that of blood amylase, which was 240(121.0, 370.0) U/L 7 days after operation, and glycosylated hemoglobin decreased to the normal level (5.8%±1.4%) 1 month after operation. The main medical complications were infection including pulmonary infection (26.03%, 38/146), urinary tract infection (26.03%,38/146), and abdominal infection (4.79%,7/146), acute rejection including renal graft rejection (5.8%,8/146), pancreas/duodenum rejection (18.49%,27/146), and renal graft combined pancreatic graft rejeciton (6.85%,10/146), as well as gastrointestinal bleeding (30.82%,45/146), of which 5 cases were severe bleeding (3.42%, 5/146). The main surgical complications were poor incision healing (10.27%, 15/146), serious surgical complications including arteriovenous thrombosis of the transplanted pancreas (2.05%, 3/146) and intestinal leakage (0.68%,1/146). The 1-year and 3-year patient, renal and pancreatic survival rates were both 92.5%, 91.5% and 89.5%, respectively, and despite the death, the 1-year, 3-year transplanted kidney survival rate was both 99.3%, and 95% for the the 1-year, 3-year pancreas survival rate. Conclusion: Strict preoperative evaluation of the function of large organs, reasonable surgical methods, perioperative anticoagulation, and prompt diagnosis of complications can achieve good clinical results for patients with SPK.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Nefropatias , Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Pâncreas , Creatinina , Rejeição de Enxerto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Pâncreas
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(4): 384-388, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency of various agroforestry systems for snail control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the construction of agroforestry schistosomiasis control projects in plateau hilly regions. METHODS: The pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built in snail-breeding farmlands in Eryuan County, Yunnan Province in 2010, and the economic benefits and snail control effect were investigated in 2018. In addition, a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model was created to screen the agroforestry system with high comprehensive benefits. RESULTS: A total of 14 types of pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built. Economic benefit analysis showed that the"walnut + garlic"pattern had the best economic benefit, with annual economic benefits of 270 000 Yuan/hm2, followed by the"walnut + chili"pattern (annual economic benefits of 120 000 Yuan/hm2) and the "walnut + vegetables"pattern (annual economic benefits of 105 000 Yuan/hm2). No snails were detected in 8 types of the agroforestry systems, including the"walnut + chili"pattern, the"walnut + tobacco"pattern and the"walnut + garlic"pattern; however, there were snail found with various densities in other types of systems. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation showed that the"walnut + garlic"pattern had the best comprehensive control effect, followed by the"walnut + chili"pattern and the"walnut + tobacco" pattern, while the pure grassland pattern showed no effect on snail control. CONCLUSIONS: The agroforestry system is a preferential approach of forestry schistosomiasis control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas, which not only achieves snail control effects, but also promotes economic development and ecological construction in poor hilly areas.


Assuntos
Agricultura Florestal , Controle de Pragas , Caramujos , Animais , China , Agricultura Florestal/métodos , Florestas , Humanos , Controle de Pragas/economia , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Controle de Pragas/normas , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Caramujos/fisiologia
16.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(3): 033309, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259973

RESUMO

An isotope enrichment system for 39Ar has been developed at the Institute of Modern Physics, which is designed to increase the abundance of 39Ar in the incident sample gas. With intense Ar+ beams produced by a 2.45 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source and a high mass resolution spectrometer system, Ar isotopes are evidently separated on the target plane and selectively collected by an Al target. The separated Ar isotopes have been identified on the target plane, which is consistent with the simulations. According to the recent cross-checked results with atom trap trace analysis, a high enrichment factor of 39Ar has been successfully achieved. This paper will present the design and test results of this system.

17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2625-2631, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effects of microRNA-429-5p (miR-429-5p) on the development of malignant melanoma (MM) and the relevant mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the differential expression of miR-429-5p in MM tissues. The relationship between miR-429-5p expression and clinical pathological data of MM patients was analyzed. LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1) was verified as a downstream target of miR-429-5p by online prediction software, and the interaction between LIMK1 and miR-429-5p was verified by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Compared with normal skin tissues, miR-429-5p was downregulated in MM tissues. MiR-429-5p expression was correlated with tumor size and stage of MM. Upregulation of miR-429-5p significantly inhibited protein expression of LIMK1 and reduced migration and invasion ability of MM cells. LIMK1 was involved in MM progression regulated by miR-429-5p. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-429-5p attenuates migration and invasion in MM by targeting LIMK1. Hence, miR-429-5p/LIMK1 axis might be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of MM.


Assuntos
Quinases Lim/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Quinases Lim/genética , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regulação para Cima
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution and identify the genetic genetics of invasive Pomacea species in Xihu District, Hangzhou City, so as to understand the spread tendency of Pomacea species. METHODS: The specimens of Pomacea species were collected from five sites in water systems (lakes, rivers and wetlands) and its costal lands in Xihu District, Hangzhou City in 2017 for morphological identification. Total DNA was isolated from the foot tissues of adult snails for amplification of the COI gene, and haplotype diversity and nucleic acid diversity analyses were performed. In addition, a phylogenetic tree was created based on the haplotype captured from GenBank and those from this study to investigate the phylogenetic relationships. RESULTS: Pomacea specimens, which were preliminarily characterized as Pomacea, were found in ponds, rivers and wetlands in Xihu District of Hangzhou City. A total of 16 sequences were captured from the DNA samples of Pomacea specimens, which belonged to 3 haplotypes, including Hap1, Hap2 and Hap3. A high frequency was seen in Hap1 and Hap3, and a low frequency was found in Hap2. The Pomacea specimens collected from the 5 sites in Xihu Districts included P. canaliculata and P. maculate. The Pomacea specimens with a Hap1 had a close genetic relationship with the P. canaliculata from Argentina, Guangdong Province and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, and the Pomacea specimens with a Hap2 had a close genetic relationship with the P. canaliculata from Argentina, Japan and Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province, China, while the Pomacea specimens with a Hap2 had a close genetic relationship with the P. maculate from Argentina and Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: P. canaliculata and P. maculata are present in Xihu District of Hangzhou City. P. maculata may spread to Xihu District through multiple introductions or water flow.


Assuntos
Genética Populacional , Espécies Introduzidas , Caramujos , Animais , China , Haplótipos , Filogenia , Caramujos/classificação , Caramujos/genética
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086894

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and related risk factors of laryngopharyngeal reflux in otolaryngology. Method:During January 2019 to March 2019, the inpatients in otolaryngology were investigated by the questionnaire of reflux symptom index scale and the laryngopharyngeal reflux related risk factors were analyzed. Result:Among the 227 patients, 33 patients with suspected LPR contained 19 patients(20.7%) of 92 patients in the laryngopharyngeal group, 10 patients(16.1%) of 62 patients in the nasal group, and 4 patients(5.5%) of 73 patients in the ear group. LPR prevalence in the laryngopharyngeal group was statistically different from that in the ear group(P<0.05). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, gender, smoking, drinking and BMI were risk factors of LPR(P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that BMI was an independent risk factor of LPR(P<0.01). Conclusion:LPR had a high prevalence rate in otolaryngology related diseases, and appropriate synergistic anti-LPR treatment could be carried out while treating otolaryngology related diseases.


Assuntos
Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Otolaringologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(11): 111801, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573238

RESUMO

This Letter reports the first extraction of individual antineutrino spectra from ^{235}U and ^{239}Pu fission and an improved measurement of the prompt energy spectrum of reactor antineutrinos at Daya Bay. The analysis uses 3.5×10^{6} inverse beta-decay candidates in four near antineutrino detectors in 1958 days. The individual antineutrino spectra of the two dominant isotopes, ^{235}U and ^{239}Pu, are extracted using the evolution of the prompt spectrum as a function of the isotope fission fractions. In the energy window of 4-6 MeV, a 7% (9%) excess of events is observed for the ^{235}U (^{239}Pu) spectrum compared with the normalized Huber-Mueller model prediction. The significance of discrepancy is 4.0σ for ^{235}U spectral shape compared with the Huber-Mueller model prediction. The shape of the measured inverse beta-decay prompt energy spectrum disagrees with the prediction of the Huber-Mueller model at 5.3σ. In the energy range of 4-6 MeV, a maximal local discrepancy of 6.3σ is observed.

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