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1.
Nat Mater ; 2023 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37169972

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes are energy-efficient candidates for molecular separations, but it remains a considerable challenge to eliminate defects at the atomic scale. The enlargement of pores due to defects reduces the molecular-sieving performance in separations and hampers the wider application of MOF membranes, especially for liquid separations, owing to insufficient stability. Here we report the elimination of lattice defects in MOF membranes based on a high-probability theoretical coordination strategy that creates sufficient chemical potential to overcome the steric hindrance that occurs when completely connecting ligands to metal clusters. Lattice defect elimination is observed by real-space high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and studied with a mathematical model and density functional theory calculations. This leads to a family of high-connectivity MOF membranes that possess ångström-sized lattice apertures that realize high and stable separation performance for gases, water desalination and an organic solvent azeotrope. Our strategy could enable a platform for the regulation of nanoconfined molecular transport in MOF pores.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1137701, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37152759

RESUMO

Introduction: Probiotic is adjuvant therapy for traditional drug treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). In the present study, Lactobacillus acidophilus C4 with high acid and bile salt resistance has been isolated and screened, and the beneficial effect of L. acidophilus C4 on Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice has been evaluated. Our data showed that oral administration of L. acidophilus C4 remarkably alleviated colitis symptoms in mice and minimized colon tissue damage. Methods: To elucidate the underlying mechanism, we have investigated the levels of inflammatory cytokines and intestinal tight junction (TJ) related proteins (occludin and ZO-1) in colon tissue, as well as the intestinal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in feces. Results: Compared to the DSS group, the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α in L. acidophilus C4 group were reduced, while the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and catalase (CAT) were found to be elevated. In addition, proteins linked to TJ were elevated after L. acidophilus C4 intervention. Further study revealed that L. acidophilus C4 reversed the decrease in intestinal microbiota diversity caused by colitis and promoted the levels of SCFAs. Discussion: This study demonstrate that L. acidophilus C4 effectively alleviated DSS-induced colitis in mice by repairing the mucosal barrier and maintaining the intestinal microecological balance. L. acidophilus C4 could be of great potential for colitis therapy.

3.
Biomed Mater ; 18(4)2023 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37146618

RESUMO

Wound repair is challenging for traditional wound dressings. New bioactive dressings need to be developed urgently. Herein, we reported a highly bioactive silk protein wound dressing (SPD) with natural silk fiber-sericin hydrogel interpenetrating double network structure, which combines the dual characteristics of natural silk and sericin hydrogel. Silk fiber scaffolds were secreted directly from silkworms bred by regulating their spinning behaviors. Sericin in SPD is obtained by dissolving silkworm cocoons at high temperature and high pressure, while it remains intact activities to self-assemble a hydrogel. To explore the effect of SPD, we first systematically evaluated its physicochemical properties and biological activitiesin vitro. The SPD exhibits high porosity, prominent mechanical strength, pH-responsive degradability, and excellent anti-oxidation and cell compatibility. Besides, SPD can load and maintain long-term drug release. Based on the satisfactory performance of SPDin vitro, effectivein vivotreatment was achieved in a mouse full-thickness wound model, as demonstrated by a significantly accelerated wound healing process, promote the regeneration of hair follicles and sebaceous glands, increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, and reduced inflammation. Further, resveratrol was loaded into SPD to enhance the effects of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation for wound healing. Our investigation shows that SPD with excellent physicochemical and biological properties applied in a murine full-thickness skin wound model resulted in remarkable and efficient acceleration of healing process, which may inspire the design of new, effective, and safer medical materials for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Sericinas , Camundongos , Animais , Sericinas/química , Sericinas/farmacologia , Resveratrol , Hidrogéis/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia , Seda/química , Cicatrização , Bandagens
4.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0421922, 2023 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37039647

RESUMO

Scab, caused by the biotrophic fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis, is the most economically important disease of apples. During infection, V. inaequalis colonizes the subcuticular host environment, where it develops specialized infection structures called runner hyphae and stromata. These structures are thought to be involved in nutrient acquisition and effector (virulence factor) delivery, but also give rise to conidia that further the infection cycle. Despite their importance, very little is known about how these structures are differentiated. Likewise, nothing is known about how these structures are protected from host defenses or recognition by the host immune system. To better understand these processes, we first performed a glycosidic linkage analysis of sporulating tubular hyphae from V. inaequalis developed in culture. This analysis revealed that the V. inaequalis cell wall is mostly composed of glucans (44%) and mannans (37%), whereas chitin represents a much smaller proportion (4%). Next, we used transcriptomics and confocal laser scanning microscopy to provide insights into the cell wall carbohydrate composition of runner hyphae and stromata. These analyses revealed that, during subcuticular host colonization, genes of V. inaequalis putatively associated with the biosynthesis of immunogenic carbohydrates, such as chitin and ß-1,6-glucan, are downregulated relative to growth in culture, while on the surface of runner hyphae and stromata, chitin is deacetylated to the less-immunogenic carbohydrate chitosan. These changes are anticipated to enable the subcuticular differentiation of runner hyphae and stromata by V. inaequalis, as well as to protect these structures from host defenses and recognition by the host immune system. IMPORTANCE Plant-pathogenic fungi are a major threat to food security. Among these are subcuticular pathogens, which often cause latent asymptomatic infections, making them difficult to control. A key feature of these pathogens is their ability to differentiate specialized subcuticular infection structures that, to date, remain largely understudied. This is typified by Venturia inaequalis, which causes scab, the most economically important disease of apples. In this study, we show that, during subcuticular host colonization, V. inaequalis downregulates genes associated with the biosynthesis of two immunogenic cell wall carbohydrates, chitin and ß-1,6-glucan, and coats its subcuticular infection structures with a less-immunogenic carbohydrate, chitosan. These changes are anticipated to enable host colonization by V. inaequalis and provide a foundation for understanding subcuticular host colonization by other plant-pathogenic fungi. Such an understanding is important, as it may inform the development of novel control strategies against subcuticular plant-pathogenic fungi.

5.
Nanoscale ; 15(17): 7765-7771, 2023 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37067453

RESUMO

Coupling cathodic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and anodic electrochemical oxidation of organic small molecules in a co-electrolysis system could simultaneously realize high-value chemical generation and energy-saving hydrogen production, which, however, require high-performance electrocatalysts. In this work, we developed a one-step solvothermal method to synthesize S, P-co-doped Pd metallene (PdSP metallene) and employed it as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for both the HER and ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). The co-doping of S and P atoms into Pd metallene could introduce multiple active sites and increase the electrochemically-active surface area. Moreover, the electronic interactions between Pd, S, and P atoms could regulate the electronic structure of the active sites and modulate the intermediate affinity on the resultant PdSP metallene, thus boosting the electrocatalytic HER and EOR performance. In the HER-EOR co-electrolysis system with bifunctional PdSP metallene electrocatalysts, only a 0.88 V of electrolysis voltage was required to fulfill 10 mA cm-2 current density, much lower than that of pure water electrolysis (1.41 V) using the same electrocatalysts.

6.
Curr Med Sci ; 43(2): 261-267, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36932303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) severely affects patient activity, and may cause disability. However, no clinical treatment is available to reverse the disease course. The combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and iPSCs may have therapeutic potential against nervous diseases, such as CMT. METHODS: In the present study, the skin fibroblasts of CMT type 2D (CMT2D) patients with the c.880G>A heterozygous nucleotide mutation in the GARS gene were reprogrammed into iPSCs using three plasmids (pCXLE-hSK, pCXLE-hUL and pCXLE-hOCT3/4-shp5-F). Then, CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to repair the mutated gene sites at the iPSC level. RESULTS: An iPSC line derived from the GARS (G294R) family with fibular atrophy was successfully induced, and the mutated gene loci were repaired at the iPSC level using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. These findings lay the foundation for future research on drug screening and cell therapy. CONCLUSION: iPSCs can differentiate into different cell types, and originate from autologous cells. Therefore, they are promising for the development of autologous cell therapies for degenerative diseases. The combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and iPSCs may open a new avenue for the treatment of nervous diseases, such as CMT.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Reparo Gênico Alvo-Dirigido , Humanos , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/genética , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/terapia , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Mutação , Reparo Gênico Alvo-Dirigido/métodos
7.
Foods ; 12(5)2023 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36900426

RESUMO

A cavitation jet can enhance food proteins' functionalities by regulating solvable oxidized soybean protein accumulates (SOSPI). We investigated the impacts of cavitation jet treatment on the emulsifying, structural and interfacial features of soluble soybean protein oxidation accumulate. Findings have shown that radicals in an oxidative environment not only induce proteins to form insoluble oxidative aggregates with a large particle size and high molecular weight, but also attack the protein side chains to form soluble small molecular weight protein aggregates. Emulsion prepared by SOSPI shows worse interface properties than OSPI. A cavitation jet at a short treating time (<6 min) has been shown to break the core aggregation skeleton of soybean protein insoluble aggregates, and insoluble aggregates into soluble aggregates resulting in an increase of emulsion activity (EAI) and constancy (ESI), and a decrease of interfacial tension from 25.15 to 20.19 mN/m. However, a cavitation jet at a long treating time (>6 min) would cause soluble oxidized aggregates to reaggregate through an anti-parallel intermolecular ß-sheet, which resulted in lower EAI and ESI, and a higher interfacial tension (22.44 mN/m). The results showed that suitable cavitation jet treatment could adjust the structural and functional features of SOSPI by targeted regulated transformation between the soluble and insoluble components.

8.
Foods ; 12(5)2023 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36900624

RESUMO

The impacts of industrial phosphorylation on the structural changes, microstructure, functional, and rheological features of soybean protein isolate (SPI) were spotlighted. The findings implied that the spatial structure and functional features of the SPI changed significantly after treatment with the two phosphates. Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) promoted aggregation of SPI with a larger particle size; sodium tripolyphosphate (STP) modified SPI with smaller particle size. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) results showed insignificant alterations in the structure of SPI subunits. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and endogenous fluorescence noted a decline in α-helix quantity, an amplification in ß-fold quantity, and an increase in protein stretching and disorder, indicating that phosphorylation treatment fluctuated the spatial structure of the SPI. Functional characterization studies showed that the solubility and emulsion properties of the SPI increased to varying degrees after phosphorylation, with a maximum solubility of 94.64% for SHMP-SPI and 97.09% for STP-SPI. Emulsifying activity index (EAI) and emulsifying steadiness index (ESI) results for STP-SPI were better than those for SHMP-SPI. Rheological results showed that the modulus of G' and G″ increased and the emulsion exhibited significant elastic behavior. This affords a theoretical core for expanding the industrial production applications of soybean isolates in the food and various industries.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36745223

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Increased number of studies reveal the crucial role of the Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase/stimulator of interferon genes (cGAS/STING) pathway in anti-tumor immunity. In this study, we aim to explore the effect of cGAS/STING on tumor immune microenvironment of melanoma after carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: C57BL/6 mouse tumor models were used to evaluate the efficacy of different treatments (X-ray, carbon ion, PD-L1 inhibitor and combination therapies) on tumor growth and process. Mass cytometry was performed to assess tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). DNA damage response (DDR) and cGAS/STING pathway were investigated by immunofluorescence-co-localization assays, γ-H2AX, P53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1), and cGAS measurements. RESULTS: Carbon ion irradiation caused more DNA damages and cGAS-STING pathway activation compared with X-ray irradiation, and the former slowed the melanoma growth in syngeneic model. Although X-ray irradiation is not sensitive for melanoma treatment, carbon ion irradiation showed a significant anti-tumor effect for melanoma treatment. TILs analysis revealed that CIRT boosted the infiltration of natural killer (NK), CD4+, and CD8+ T cells, meanwhile increased the number of immune checkpoint (programmed death-1, PD-1, lymphocyte activation gene 3, LAG-3 and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3, TIM-3). Moreover, CIRT increased PD-L1 exposure on cell surface compared with X-ray group. Furthermore, CIRT combined with PD-L1 inhibitor therapy increased the number of T cells and NK cells in melanoma, and slowed the growth of melanoma compared with other therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that CIRT displayed biological effects by increasing DNA damages of tumor cells and improving immunity in melanoma, which indicated that CIRT might be a potential synergetic treatment for radiotherapy and radioimmunotherapy in melanoma patients. Our works put forward a new insight to provide an effective strategy for melanoma therapy. These findings may help in the design of strategies on melanoma in clinical studies.

10.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 24(5): 474-494, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36790136

RESUMO

Fulvia fulva and Dothistroma septosporum are closely related apoplastic pathogens with similar lifestyles but different hosts: F. fulva is a pathogen of tomato, whilst D. septosporum is a pathogen of pine trees. In 2012, the first genome sequences of these pathogens were published, with F. fulva and D. septosporum having highly fragmented and near-complete assemblies, respectively. Since then, significant advances have been made in unravelling their genome architectures. For instance, the genome of F. fulva has now been assembled into 14 chromosomes, 13 of which have synteny with the 14 chromosomes of D. septosporum, suggesting these pathogens are even more closely related than originally thought. Considerable advances have also been made in the identification and functional characterization of virulence factors (e.g., effector proteins and secondary metabolites) from these pathogens, thereby providing new insights into how they promote host colonization or activate plant defence responses. For example, it has now been established that effector proteins from both F. fulva and D. septosporum interact with cell-surface immune receptors and co-receptors to activate the plant immune system. Progress has also been made in understanding how F. fulva and D. septosporum have evolved with their host plants, whilst intensive research into pandemics of Dothistroma needle blight in the Northern Hemisphere has shed light on the origins, migration, and genetic diversity of the global D. septosporum population. In this review, we specifically summarize advances made in our understanding of the F. fulva-tomato and D. septosporum-pine pathosystems over the last 10 years.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Pinus , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Genoma , Plantas/genética , Pinus/genética , Cladosporium/genética
11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 1016, 2023 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36823154

RESUMO

Nanochannels in laminated graphene oxide nanosheets featuring confined mass transport have attracted interest in multiple research fields. The use of nanochannels for reverse osmosis is a prospect for developing next-generation synthetic water-treatment membranes. The robustness of nanochannels under high-pressure conditions is vital for effectively separating water and ions with sub-nanometer precision. Although several strategies have been developed to address this issue, the inconsistent response of nanochannels to external conditions used in membrane processes has rarely been investigated. In this study, we develop a robust interlayer channel by balancing the associated chemistry and confinement stability to exclude salt solutes. We build a series of membrane nanochannels with similar physical dimensions but different channel functionalities and reveal their divergent deformation behaviors under different conditions. The deformation constraint effectively endows the nanochannel with rapid deformation recovery and excellent ion exclusion performance under variable pressure conditions. This study can help understand the deformation behavior of two-dimensional nanochannels in pressure-driven membrane processes and develop strategies for the corresponding deformation constraints regarding the pore wall and interior.

12.
FASEB J ; 37(3): e22821, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36794671

RESUMO

The plasma cell malignancy, multiple myeloma (MM), has significantly improved by the application of new drugs and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, MM remains incurable. A number of studies have revealed an anti-MM effect of natural killer (NK) cells; however, their clinical efficacy is limited. Furthermore, glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3ß inhibitors show an antitumor function. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential roles of a GSK-3ß inhibitor (TWS119) in the regulation of NK cell cytotoxicity against MM. Our results showed that, in the presence of TWS119, the NK cell line, NK-92, and in vitro-expanded primary NK cells exhibited a significantly higher degranulation activity, expression of activating receptors, cellular cytotoxicity, and cytokine secretion when they were exposed to MM cells. Mechanistic studies indicated that TWS119 treatment markedly upregulated RAB27A expression, a key molecule for NK cell degranulation, and induced the colocalization of ß-catenin with NF-κB in the nucleus of NK cells. More importantly, GSK-3ß inhibition combined with the adoptive transfer of TWS119-treated NK-92 cells significantly reduced tumor volume and prolonged the survival time of myeloma-bearing mice. In summary, our novel findings suggest that targeting GSK-3ß through the activation of ß-catenin/NF-κB pathway may be an important approach to improve therapeutic efficacy of NK cell transfusion for MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , NF-kappa B , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo
13.
MedComm (2020) ; 4(1): e210, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36776764

RESUMO

Accurate and integral cellular DNA replication is modulated by multiple replication-associated proteins, which is fundamental to preserve genome stability. Furthermore, replication proteins cooperate with multiple DNA damage factors to deal with replication stress through mechanisms beyond their role in replication. Cancer cells with chronic replication stress exhibit aberrant DNA replication and DNA damage response, providing an exploitable therapeutic target in tumors. Numerous evidence has indicated that posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of replication proteins present distinct functions in DNA replication and respond to replication stress. In addition, abundant replication proteins are involved in tumorigenesis and development, which act as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in some tumors, implying these proteins act as therapeutic targets in clinical. Replication-target cancer therapy emerges as the times require. In this context, we outline the current investigation of the DNA replication mechanism, and simultaneously enumerate the aberrant expression of replication proteins as hallmark for various diseases, revealing their therapeutic potential for target therapy. Meanwhile, we also discuss current observations that the novel PTM of replication proteins in response to replication stress, which seems to be a promising strategy to eliminate diseases.

14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 21, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to identify ocular and visual perceptive risk factors related to treatment results following refractive correction and patching in children with anisometropic amblyopia, who were between the ages of 4 to 14 years old. METHODS: One-hundred and two children with newly diagnosed anisometropic amblyopia were recruited. Successful treatment of amblyopia was defined as the final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) better than or equal to 0.1 logMAR and amblyopic eye BCVA within 1 line of the sound eye BCVA by the end of the treatment period. BCVA, cycloplegic refraction, stereoacuity, perceptual eye position (PEP) and interocular suppression were measured. RESULTS: Of these patients, 45.10% achieved successful treatment of amblyopia after refractive correction and patching for 10.5 months. The mean age was not significantly different between patients who were successfully and unsuccessfully treated (5.50 ± 1.59 years vs 6.14 ± 2.19 years, respectively). Patients who failed treatment had significantly larger interocular difference of BCVA at the time of initial treatment (successful group: 0.33 ± 0.29 logMAR, unsuccessful group: 0.65 ± 0.35 logMAR) and after refractive adaptation (successful group: 0.15 ± 0.13 logMAR, unsuccessful group: 0.42 ± 0.35 logMAR). They also had higher spherical equivalent (SE) of amblyopic eyes (successful group: 3.08 ± 3.61 D, unsuccessful group: 5.27 ± 3.38 D), bigger interocular difference of SE (successful group: 0.94 ± 2.71 D, unsuccessful group: 3.09 ± 3.05 D), worse stereoacuity (successful group: 2.32 ± 0.37 log seconds of arc, unsuccessful group: 2.75 ± 0.32 log seconds of arc), larger vertical PEP deviation (successful group: 6.41 ± 6.08 pixel, unsuccessful group: 19.07 ± 24.96 pixel) and deeper interocular suppression (successful group: 21.7 ± 19.7%, unsuccessful group: 37.8 ± 27.1%) than those of successfully treated patients. The most influential treatment failure risk factors were larger vertical PEP deviation [adjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) 1.12 (1.02-1.22)] and worse stereoacuity [adjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) 7.72 (1.50-39.85)] in multiple logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Larger vertical PEP deviation and worse stereoacuity were the most influential treatment failure risk factors in children with anisometropic amblyopia. The vertical PEP deviation and stereoacuity, which can reflect interocular interaction, may be useful in predicting the response to therapy.


Assuntos
Ambliopia , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Ambliopia/terapia , Ambliopia/complicações , Acuidade Visual , Resultado do Tratamento , Refração Ocular , Falha de Tratamento
15.
BMC Vet Res ; 19(1): 18, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and sheep pox and goat pox are three important infectious diseases that infect goats, sheep and other small ruminants. It is well-known that the prevention of three diseases rely mainly on their individual vaccines. However, the vaccines have a variety of different disadvantages, such as short duration of immunity, increasing the number of vaccinations, and poor thermal stability. The purpose of this study is to construct a recombinant goat pox virus (rGPV) capable of expressing the F gene of PPRV and the P12A3C gene of FMDV as a live vector vaccine. RESULTS: The IRES, FMDV P12A3C and PPRV F genes into the multi-cloning site of the universal transfer plasmid pTKfpgigp to construct a recombinant transfer plasmid pTKfpgigpFiP12A3C, and transfected GPV-infected lamb testis (LT) cells with liposomes and produced by homologous recombination Recombinant GPV (rGPV/PPRVF-FMDVP12A3C, rGPV). The rGPV was screened and purified by green florescence protein (GFP) and xanthine-guanine-phosphoribosyltransferase gene (gpt) of Escherichia coli as selective markers, and the expression of rGPV in LT cells was detected by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence techniques. The results showed that the virus strain rGPV/PPRVF-FMDVP12A3C containing FMDV P12A3C and PPRV F genes was obtained. The exogenous genes FMDV P12A3C and PPRV F contained in rGPV were normally transcribed and translated in LT cells, and the expression products could specifically react with PPRV and FMDV antiserum. Then, the rGPV was intradermally inoculated with goats, the animal experiments showed that rGPV/PPRVF-FMDVP12A3C could induce high levels of specific antibodies against GPV, PPRV and FMDV. CONCLUSIONS: The constructed rGPV induced high levels of specific antibodies against GPV, PPRV and FMDV. The study provides a reference for " one vaccine with multiple uses " of GPV live vector vaccine.


Assuntos
Capripoxvirus , Vírus da Febre Aftosa , Doenças das Cabras , Peste dos Pequenos Ruminantes , Vírus da Peste dos Pequenos Ruminantes , Doenças dos Ovinos , Vacinas Virais , Masculino , Ovinos , Animais , Vírus da Peste dos Pequenos Ruminantes/genética , Vírus da Febre Aftosa/genética , Capripoxvirus/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacinas Sintéticas , Peste dos Pequenos Ruminantes/prevenção & controle , Cabras
16.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 33(2): 235-241, 2023 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524342

RESUMO

Hyaluronidase (HAase) can enhance drug diffusion and dissipate edema by degrading hyaluronic acid (HA) in the extracellular matrix into unsaturated HA oligosaccharides in mammalian tissues. Microorganisms are recognized as valuable sources of HAase. In this study, a new hyaluronate lyase (HAaseD) from Bacillus sp. CQMU-D was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21, purified, and characterized. The results showed that HAaseD belonged to the polysaccharide lyase (PL) 8 family and had a molecular weight of 123 kDa. HAaseD could degrade chondroitin sulfate (CS) -A, CS-B, CS-C, and HA, with the highest activity toward HA. The optimum temperature and pH value of HAaseD were 40°C and 7.0, respectively. In addition, HAaseD retained stability in an alkaline environment and displayed higher activity with appropriate concentrations of metal ions. Moreover, HAaseD was an endolytic hyaluronate lyase that could degrade HA to produce unsaturated HA oligosaccharides. Together, our findings indicate that HAaseD from Bacillus sp. CQMU-D is a new hyaluronate lyase and with excellent potential for application in industrial production.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Animais , Bacillus/genética , Polissacarídeo-Liases/metabolismo , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Especificidade por Substrato , Mamíferos/metabolismo
17.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(22): 1211, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544640

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the optimum surgical approach for treating adherent otitis media is debatable. The traditional treatment is usually performed by microscopic tympanoplasty combined with temporal myofascial tympanic tube placement. In recent years, the application of whole ear endoscopic surgery in the treatment of middle ear diseases has gradually increased, otoendoscopy has been used in the operation of adhesive otitis media, but its safety and effectiveness are still controversial. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 17 patients with adhesive otitis media treated by endoscopic ear surgery (EES) in our hospital from January 2018 to July 2021 over a 6-month period post-surgery. Of the 17 patients, 8 were males and 9 were females (mean age, 53 years; age range, 24-70 years). There were 12 and 5 cases of adhesive otitis media involving the left and right ear, respectively. The patients had follow-up evaluations 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. Results: A total of 17 patients with adhesive otitis were enrolled, including 1 patient with Dornhoffer stage II; 6 patients with stage III; and 10 patients with stage IV. Adhesive otitis media was combined with middle ear cholesteatoma in 4 patients (24%). Fourteen patients (82%) had disruption or interruption of the ossicular chain (8 malleus, 14 incus, and 4 stapes lesions), 11 of whom had artificial ossicular chain reconstruction [8 with partial ossicular reconstruction prosthesis (PORP) and 3 with total ossicular reconstruction prosthesis (TORP) implantation]. All patients had good tympanic membrane and graft morphology, no invaginations, and no perforations. The mean postoperative air-conduction hearing threshold [49.06±22.15 dB hearing level (dB HL)] and mean air-bone gap (19.94±10.00 dB HL) were significantly improved compared with the preoperative values (65.29±21.53 and 32.53±8.21 dB HL, respectively; P<0.05). No recurrences, secondary cholesteatomas, or secondary surgeries were reported. Conclusions: EES seems to be a safe and effective surgical method for the management of adhesive otitis media. The study has limitations due to its small sample size and lack of controlled studies. It still needs to be proven in clinical randomized controlled trials.

18.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1054326, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505251

RESUMO

This paper investigates the effect on the physicochemical and functional properties of soybean protein concentrate (SPC) by using Alcalase protease and high-pressure homogenization (HPH) (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 MPa) for the combined modification. The results showed that the degree of hydrolysis of SPC was 4.1% and the antigen protein was degraded after Alcalase hydrolysis, when the homogenization pressure (HP) was 6 0Mpa, the particle size of the SPC was the smallest, the zate potential absolute value up to 33.45 mV, the secondary structure has the lowest ß-sheet content, the highest random coil content, and the highest surface hydrophobicity (H0), the size of protein fragments on the microstructure surface is the smallest, the lowest denaturation temperature (T d ) and enthalpy (△H) are 72.59°C and 1.35 J/g, the highest solubility is 80.54%, and the highest water and oil holding capacities are 7.73 g/g and 6.51 g/g, respectively. The best emulsifying activity and emulsifying stability were 43.46 m2/g and 190.35 min, the most even distribution of emulsion droplets. This indicates that the HPH treatment destroys the structure of enzymatic hydrolyzed SPC, changes its physicochemical properties, and improves its functional properties. In this study, SPC was modified by HPH and enzyme combined treatment, in order to improve the functionality and application range of SPC, and provide a theoretical basis for its high-value utilization in the food field.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 636(Pt 2): 79-86, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368158

RESUMO

During mammalian retinal development, the differentiation of multipotent progenitors depends on the coordinated action of a variety of intrinsic factors including non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). To date, many small open reading frames have been identified in ncRNAs to encode micropeptides that function in diverse biological processes; however, it remains unclear whether they have a role in retinal development. Here we report that the 47-amino acid (AA) mitochondrial micropeptide Stmp1 encoded by the lncRNA 1810058I24Rik is involved in retinal differentiation. As the major protein product of 1810058I24Rik, Stmp1 promotes the differentiation of bipolar, amacrine and Müller cells as 1810058I24Rik does when overexpressed in neonatal murine retinas. Moreover, we have identified the 15-AA N-terminus of Stmp1 as its mitochondrion-targeting sequence as well as 5 conserved AA residues that affect protein stability and/or retinal cell differentiation. Together, our data reveal several novel characteristics of Stmp1 and uncover a role for Stmp1 in retinal cell differentiation perhaps through regulating mitochondrial function.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Retina , Animais , Camundongos , Células Ependimogliais/citologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Retina/citologia , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/fisiologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/fisiologia
20.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 131: 1125-1135, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402266

RESUMO

Because invertebrates lack acquired immunity, they rely primarily on the innate immune system to defend themselves against viral and bacterial infections. SVWC, also called Vago, is a class of small-molecule proteins characterized by a single von Willebrand factor C-domain and appears to be restricted to arthropods. It has been reported that SVWC is involved in antiviral immunity in invertebrates, but whether it is involved in antimicrobial immunity and the mechanism of its involvement in antimicrobial immunity remains unclear. In this study, we identified a novel SVWC gene in Eriocheir sinensis and named it EsSVWC. EsSVWC was found to respond positively to bacterial stimulation and to regulate the expression of related antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). The EsSVWC protein recognized and bound to a variety of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) but did not exhibit direct bactericidal effects. Thus, the EsSVWC protein in crabs helps resist bacterial infection and improve survival rates. In summary, EsSVWC may regulate the innate immune system of crabs in response to microbial invasion in an indirect manner.

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