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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 104, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is a commonly worldwide cancer with high morbidity and mortality. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in many biological processes and are closely related to the occurrence of colon cancer. Identification of the prognostic signatures of lncRNAs in colon cancer has great significance for its treatment. METHODS: We first identified the colon cancer-related mRNAs and lncRNAs according to the differential analysis methods using the expression data in TCGA. Then, we performed correlation analysis between the identified mRNAs and lncRNAs by integrating their expression values and secondary structure information to estimate the co-regulatory relationships between the cancer-related mRNAs and lncRNAs. Besides, the competing endogenous RNA regulation network based on co-regulatory relationships was constructed to reveal cancer-related regulatory patterns. Meanwhile, we used traditional regression analysis (univariate Cox analysis, random survival forest analysis, and lasso regression analysis) to screen the cancer-related lncRNAs. Finally, by combining the identified colon cancer-related lncRNAs according to the above analyses, we constructed a risk prognosis model for colon cancer through multivariate Cox analysis and also validated the model in the colon cancer dataset in TCGA cohorts. RESULTS: Six lncRNAs were found highly correlated with the overall survival of colon cancer patients, and a risk prognosis model based on them was constructed to predict the overall survival of colon cancer patients. In particular, EVX1-AS, ZNF667-AS1, CTC-428G20.6, and CTC-297N7.9 were first reported to be related to colon cancer by using our model, among which EVX1-AS and ZNF667-AS1 have been predicted to be related to colon cancer in LncRNADisease database. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified the potential regulatory relationships between lncRNAs and mRNAs by integrating their expression values and secondary structure information and presented a significant 6-lncRNA risk prognosis model to predict the overall survival of colon cancer patients.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 2342784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791361

RESUMO

Objectives: Recently, immunotherapy and microRNA have shown much more promises in oncology research, inspiring new hope for a cure for various malignancies. Specifically, the function and mechanisms of action of pembrolizumab have been investigated in many cancers, but not in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. The present study thus focused on the effect of hsa-miR-128a on pembrolizumab in laryngeal cancer cells as well as tried to elucidate the mechanisms that may mediate this effect. Methods: Hep2 and AMC-HN8 cell lines were utilized to create stable cell lines that overexpressing hsa-miR-128a. Using the immunotherapy assay, the contribution of hsa-miR-128a to pembrolizumab sensitivity was evaluated. By performing the dual luciferase assay and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, the possible mechanisms of hsa-miR-128a were identified. Results: Hsa-miR-128a was overexpressed in laryngeal cancer cell lines successfully. The immunotherapy assay revealed that upregulating hsa-miR-128a augmented the effect of pembrolizumab. Moreover, hsa-miR-128a targeted BMI-1 and might played a role in the p53 pathway. Conclusion: Hsa-miR-128a boosted the effect of pembrolizumab on laryngeal cancer cells, perhaps via the p53 pathway. Therefore, hsa-miR-128a might be a novel target in laryngeal cancer treatment.

3.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105610, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857625

RESUMO

During pregnancy, various physiological changes occur that can alter the pharmacokinetics of antiepileptic drugs, such as lamotrigine (LTG). Anticipating the change in LTG dose required to achieve a pre-pregnancy target concentration is challenging. This study aimed to develop a refined population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of LTG in pregnant women with epilepsy (WWE) to identify factors explaining the variability in pharmacokinetics and to establish a model-informed individualized dosing regimen. On that basis, a coarsened model containing only clinical variables was also developed to examine its predictive performance compared to the refined model. In total, 322 concentration-time points from 51 pregnant WWE treated with LTG were employed to establish a refined PopPK model that included endogenous estrogen profiles, variants of candidate genes for LTG-metabolizing enzymes and -transporter proteins, and other clinical variables and a coarsened model that included only clinical variables, respectively. Data from an additional 11 patients were used for external validation of these two models. A nonlinear mixed-effect modeling approach was used for PopPK analysis of LTG. The standard goodness-of-fit method, bootstrap, normalized prediction distribution errors and external evaluation were adopted to estimate the stability and predictive performance of the candidate models. Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to compare the goodness of fit between these two models. A lower AIC indicates a better fit of the data and the preferred model. Recommended dosing regimens for pregnant WWE were selected using Monte Carlo simulation based on the established optimal model. In the refined PopPK model, the population mean of apparent LTG clearance (CL/F) in pregnant WWE was estimated to be 2.82L/h, with an inter-individual variability of 23.6%. PopPK analysis indicated that changes in estrogen profile during pregnancy were the predominant reason for the significant variations in LTG-CL/F. Up to the 3rd trimester, the concentration accumulation effect of E2 increased LTG-CL/F by 5.109L/h from baseline levels. Contrary to effect of E2, E3 as the main circulating estrogen in pregnancy with a peak value of 34.41ng/mL is 1000-fold higher than that in non-pregnancy reduced LTG-CL/F by 1.413L/h. In addition, the UGT2B7 rs4356975 C>T and ABCB1 rs1128503 A>G variants may contribute to a better understanding of the inter-individual variability in LTG-CL/F. LTG-CL/F was 1.66-fold higher in UGT2B7 rs4356975 CT or TT genotype carriers than in CC genotype carriers. In contrast, ABCB1 rs1128503 GG genotype carriers had only 71.9% of the LTG-CL/F of AA or AG genotype carriers. In the coarsened PopPK model, the gestational age was a promising predictor of changes in LTG-CL/F. When comparing these two models, the refined PopPK model was favored over the coarsened PopPK model (AIC = -30.899 vs. -20.017). Monte Carlo simulation based on optimal PopPK model revealed that the LTG dosage administered to carriers of the UGT2B7 rs4356975 CT or TT genotype required a 33% to 50% increase to reach the pre-pregnancy target concentration, and carriers of the ABCB1 rs1128503 GG genotype required a 33% to 66% lower dose of LTG than carriers of the ABCB1 rs1128503 AA or AG genotype. Changes in estrogen profile during pregnancy was a better predictor of variations in LTG-CL/F than gestational age. The developed model based on estrogen profile and pharmacogenetics can serve as a foundation for further optimization of dosing regimens of LTG in pregnant WWE.

4.
J Inorg Biochem ; 219: 111449, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798827

RESUMO

Inspired by the metal active sites of [FeFe]- and [NiFe]­hydrogenases, a series of mononuclear Ni(II) ethanedithiolate complexes [{(Ph2PCH2)2×}Ni(SCH2CH2S)] (X = NCH2C5H4N-p (2a), NCH2C6H5 (2b), NCH2CHMe2 (2c), and CH2 (2d)) with chelating diphosphines were readily synthesized through the room-temperature treatments of mononuclear Ni(II) dichlorides [{(Ph2PCH2)2×}NiCl2] (1a-1d) with ethanedithiol (HSCH2CH2SH) in the presence of triethylamine (Et3N) as acid-binding agent. All the as-prepared complexes 1a-1d and 2a-2d are fully characterized through elemental analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum, and by X-ray crystallography for 1b, 2a-2d. To further explore proton-trapping behaviors of this type of mononuclear Ni(II) complexes for catalytic hydrogen (H2) evolution, the protonation and electrochemical proton reduction of 2a-2c with aminodiphosphines (labeled PCNCP = (Ph2PCH2)2NR) and reference analogue 2d with nitrogen-free diphosphine (dppp = (Ph2PCH2)2CH2) are studied and compared under trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) as a proton source. Interestingly, the treatments of 2a-2d with excess TFA resulted in the unexpected formation of dinuclear Ni(II)-Ni(II) dication complexes [{(Ph2PCH2)2×}2Ni2(µ-SCH2CH2S)](CF3CO2)2 (3a-3d) and mononuclear Ni(II) N-protonated complexes [{(Ph2PCH2)2N(H)R}Ni(SCH2CH2S)](CF3CO2) (4a-4c), which has been well supported by high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESI-MS), NMR (31P, 1H) as well as fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques, and especially by X-ray crystallography for 3d. Additionally, the electrochemical properties of 2a-2d are investigated in the absence and presence of strong acid (TFA) by using cyclic voltammetry (CV), showing that the complete protonation of 2a-2d gave rise to dinuclear Ni2S2 species 3a-3d for electrocatalytic proton reduction to H2.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8529, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879822

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the levels of health-related behaviours (physical activity, screen exposure and sleep status) among Chinese students from primary, secondary and high schools during the pandemic of COVID-19, as well as their changes compared with their status before the pandemic. A cross-sectional online survey of 10,933 students was conducted among 10 schools in Guangzhou, China, between 8th and 15th March, 2020. After getting the informed consent from student's caregivers, an online questionnaire was designed and used to obtain time spending on health-related behaviours during the pandemic of COVID-19, as well as the changes compared with 3 months before the pandemic, which was completed by students themselves or their caregivers. Students were stratified by regions (urban, suburban, exurban), gender (boys and girls), and grades (lower grades of primary school, higher grades of primary schools, secondary schools and high schools). Data were expressed as number and percentages and Chi-square test was used to analyse difference between groups. Overall, the response rate of questionnaire was 95.3% (10,416/10,933). The median age of included students was 13.0 (10.0, 16.0) years and 50.1% (n = 5,219) were boys. 41.4%, 53.6% and 53.7% of total students reported less than 15 min per day in light, moderate and vigorous activities and 58.7% (n = 6,113) reported decreased participation in physical activity compared with the time before pandemic. Over 5 h of screen time spending on online study was reported by 44.6% (n = 4,649) of respondents, particular among high school students (81.0%). 76.9% of students reported increased screen time compared with the time before pandemic. Inadequate sleep was identified among 38.5% of students and the proportion was highest in high school students (56.9%). Our study indicated that, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the school closure exerted tremendous negative effects on school-aged children's health habits, including less physical activity, longer screen exposure and irregular sleeping pattern.

6.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818526

RESUMO

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a promising therapy that has been increasingly explored in basic research and clinical applications. LIPUS is an appealing therapeutic option as it is a noninvasive treatment that has many advantages, including no risk of infection or tissue damage and no known adverse reactions. LIPUS has been shown to have many benefits including promotion of tissue healing, angiogenesis, and tissue regeneration; inhibition of inflammation and pain relief; and stimulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The biophysical mechanisms of LIPUS remain unclear and the studies are ongoing. In recent years, more and more research has focused on the relationship between LIPUS and stem/progenitor cells. A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases to July 2020 was performed. LIPUS has many effects on stem cells. Studies show that LIPUS can stimulate stem cells in vitro; promote stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration; maintain stem cell activity; alleviate the problems of insufficient seed cell source, differentiation, and maturation; and circumvent the low efficiency of stem cell transplantation. The mechanisms involved in the effects of LIPUS are not fully understood, but the effects demonstrated in studies thus far have been favorable. Much additional research is needed before LIPUS can progress from basic science research to large-scale clinical dissemination and application.

7.
Global Spine J ; : 21925682211007116, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823627

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pre-existing adjacent spinal canal stenosis (SCS) is associated with short-term outcomes after lumbar fusion surgery. METHODS: We included patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated surgically between July 2015 and December 2017 at 4 centers. All patients had the same pathology, with L4-S1 as the culprit sections. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the cerebrospinal fluid occlusion sign on MRI at the adjacent L3/4 level. Patients without SCS (grade 0) and with mild SCS (grade 1) were classified into the non-stenosis (NS) and mild stenosis (MS) groups, respectively. All patients underwent PLIF and completed at least 1-year follow-up. The incidence of adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and clinical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: A total of 308 patients (NS, 156; MS, 152) met the inclusion criteria. The incidence of ASDeg in the NS group (n = 40, 25.6%) was significantly lower than that in the MS group (n = 74, 48.7%; P < .001). The most frequent type of ASDeg in the 2 groups was the SCS-aggravated type. No significant difference was observed in adjacent segment disease incidence between the 2 groups (P = .243). The NS group had better outcomes according to the clinical function scores (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The cerebrospinal fluid occlusion sign on MRI is valuable for evaluating the adjacent segment with pre-existing degeneration. Patients with mild SCS in adjacent segments were more likely to have ASDeg, and the most frequent type of ASDeg was the SCS-aggravated type at early follow-up.

8.
Scand J Immunol ; : e13038, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665864

RESUMO

The inflammatory process in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects many organs including the lungs. Chemokines are suggested to play important roles in the pathogenesis of SLE with pulmonary fibrosis (PF). In the present study, our objective is to evaluate the correlation between chemokines and PF in SLE patients. Transcriptome sequencing analysis was used to find the different expressed genes between SLE patients with PF and without PF. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum levels of chemokines in SLE patients and healthy controls. Expression of CX3CR1 was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and flow cytometer. Sixteen differentially chemokine genes were found to be associated to SLE with PF. Meanwhile, the upregulation of C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) and its ligand, CX3C chemokine ligand 1 (CX3CL1) were observed in SLE patients with PF than that of SLE patients without PF and healthy control. Phenotypic analysis also showed that the surface expression of CX3CR1 increased in PBMCs from SLE patients with PF. Our observations indicated that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis is associated with PF in SLE. CX3CR1 might be a promising predictor of SLE with PF and the interactions between CX3CL1 and CX3CR1 might provide potential candidate target for the treatment of SLE with PF.

9.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(3): 869-881, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767595

RESUMO

Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) plays an important role in necroptosis, but the role and mechanism of MLKL in intestinal tumorigenesis remain unclear. Here, we found that hematopoietic- and nonhematopoietic-derived MLKL affected intestinal inflammation, but nonhematopoietic-derived MLKL primarily inhibited intestinal tumorigenesis. Loss of MLKL enhanced intestinal regeneration and the susceptibility to intestinal tumorigenesis in Apcmin/+ mice by hyperactivating the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/ signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) axis. Furthermore, MLKL deficiency increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in dendritic cells. Administration of anti-IL-6R antibody therapy reduced intestinal tumorigenesis in Apcmin/+Mlkl-/- mice. Notably, low MLKL expression in human colorectal tumors, which enhanced STAT3 activation, was associated with decreased overall survival. Together, our results reveal that MLKL exhibits a suppressive effect during intestinal tumorigenesis by suppressing the IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signals.

10.
J Nat Prod ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765387

RESUMO

Under the guidance of MS/MS-based molecular networking and HPLC-UV, two new alkaloid racemates, (±)-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (1) and (±)-N1-methyl-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (2), featuring a rare o-hydroxyphenylalanine residue and an imide subunit, were isolated from a soft-coral-derived Aspergillus sp. fungus. The true natural products (+)-1 and (+)-2 were further monitored and obtained from the freshly prepared EtOAc extracts, while (-)-1 and (-)-2 are artifacts generated during extraction and purification processes. Simultaneously, the structures including absolute configurations of (+)-13S-1, (-)-13R-1, (+)-13S-2, and (-)-13R-2 were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, ECD calculations, and X-ray diffraction data. Interestingly, basic solution promotes the racemization of (+)-1 and (-)-1, whereas acidic solution suppresses the transformation. The current research was concerned with the true natural products and their artifacts, providing critical insight into the isolation and identification of natural products.

11.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 21, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In lung cancer management, differential diagnosis between multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) and intrapulmonary metastasis (IMP) is a critical point that is of direct therapeutic and clinical importance. However, this process often suffers from absence of a gold standard, resulting in equivocal cases. Herein, we present a series of three cases, in which genomic alteration patterns revealed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) facilitated the differential diagnosis between MPLC and IMP. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1 was a 57-year-old female with two separate lesions in the upper lobe and the lower lobe of left lung, which were both histopathologically determined as T2aN0M0 adenocarcinomas. NGS identified an EGFR L858R in one lesion and an EGFR 20 exon insertion in the other one, suggestive of double primary malignancies. The patient underwent wedge resections and received an adjuvant treatment of icotinib and chemotherapy. She had a disease-free survival (DFS) of 19 months and counting. Case 2 was a 55-year-old female with multiple small lesions in both lungs. Histopathological examinations of resected lesions from right upper lobe revealed three subtypes: atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of alveolar epithelium, adenocarcinomas in situ and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma. NGS identified two different BRAF driver mutations G466E and V600_K601delinsE in two lesions of adenocarcinoma in situ, and a BRAF K601E in a lesion of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma. Case 3, a 68-year-old male, had the right upper lobe lesion histophathologically classified as a stage T3NxM0 mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma and the left upper lobe lesion as a stage T1aN0M0 adenocarcinoma. NGS performed with different loci of surgical tissues revealed a rare sensitizing EGFR mutation G719A shared by the right upper lobe lesion and lymph node, and two EGFR mutations L861Q and G719S in left upper lobe lesion. The patient received icotinib treatment postoperatively and achieved a stable disease with a progression-free survival of 5 months. CONCLUSION: Our cases provide evidence for utility of NGS in facilitating diagnosis and treatment decisions.

12.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660862

RESUMO

We describe symptomatic spinal cord compression associated with pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) in a young female patient and reviewed similar cases previously reported in the literature. The characteristics of these cases were analyzed from etiology, clinical subtypes, symptoms, treatment, and prognosis. Neurological examination revealed functional upper extremities with bilateral lower extremity paraplegia. Laboratory tests showed hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and elevated parathyroid hormone; high-throughput sequencing showed a heterozygous GNAS mutation in exon 12, specifically c.1006C > T (p.R336W). Imaging findings showed multilevel spinal stenosis with significant spinal cord compression at the T2-T3 level. Seventeen cases with similar characteristics were reviewed. We found that the primary clinical manifestation of these patients was bilateral lower extremity spastic paraplegia. Multilevel spinal cord compression was commonly observed, especially at the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord. Most of the patients had poor surgical treatment outcome and prognosis. Clinicians should be aware of paraplegia due to spinal cord compression as a rare neurological complication in patients with PHP. Early diagnosis and treatment of PHP is one basis for preventing severe spinal cord-related complications.

13.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(2): 025108, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648077

RESUMO

To use acoustic-emission technology to detect leaks inside valves, the necessary first step is to model the valve-internal-leakage acoustic-emission signal (VILAES) mathematically. A multi-variable classification model that relates the VILAES characteristics and the leakage rate under varying pressure is built by combining time-frequency domain characteristics and the random-forest method. A Butterworth bandpass filter is used to preprocess the VILAES from a liquid medium, and the best frequency band for filtering is determined as being 140 kHz-180 kHz. Then, (i) the standard deviation, (ii) root mean square, (iii) wavelet packet entropy, (iv) peak standard-deviation probability density, and (v) spectrum area are calculated as the VILAES characteristics, and six parameters-the pressure and the five VILAES characteristics-are used as the inputs for the random-forest classification model. Analysis shows that the five VILAES characteristics increase with an increase in the leakage rate. The multi-variable classification model is established by random forest to determine whether the valve leakage is small, medium, or large. The random forest uses many decision trees to predict the final result. For the same experimental data, the accuracy and operating time of the multi-variable classification model are compared with those of a support-vector-machine classification method for the bandpass and wavelet packet filtering preprocessing methods. The results show that the modeling method based on the combination of time-frequency characteristics and random forest has shorter operating time and higher accuracy.

14.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(3): 349-356, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have used machine leaning to predict clinical deterioration to improve outcome prediction. However, no study has used machine learning to predict cardiac arrest in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Algorithms are required to generate high-performance models for predicting cardiac arrest in ACS patients with multivariate features. HYPOTHESIS: Machine learning algorithms will significantly improve outcome prediction of cardiac arrest in ACS patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 166 ACS patients who had in-hospital cardiac arrest. Eight machine learning algorithms were trained using multivariate clinical features obtained 24 h prior to the onset of cardiac arrest. All machine learning models were compared to each other and to existing risk prediction scores (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events, National Early Warning Score, and Modified Early Warning Score) using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). RESULTS: The XGBoost model provided the best performance with regard to AUC (0.958 [95%CI: 0.938-0.978]), accuracy (88.9%), sensitivity (73%), negative predictive value (89%), and F1 score (80%) compared with other machine learning models. The K-nearest neighbor model generated the best specificity (99.3%) and positive predictive value (93.8%) metrics, but had low and unacceptable values for sensitivity and AUC. Most, but not all, machine learning models outperformed the existing risk prediction scores. CONCLUSIONS: The XGBoost model, which was generated based on a machine learning algorithm, has high potential to be used to predict cardiac arrest in ACS patients. This proposed model significantly improves outcome prediction compared to existing risk prediction scores.

15.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 69, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is one of the main mechanisms of spinal cord injury (SCI) pathology and can affect the physiological state of neurons. Icariin (ICA), the main pharmacological component of Epimedium, can relieve the symptoms of patients with SCI and has obvious protective effects on neurons through ERS. METHODS: PC12 cells were induced to differentiate into neurons by nerve growth factor and identified by flow cytometry. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 method, cell viability was detected by SRB assay, apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and microstructure of ER was observed by transmission electron microscope. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of CHOP and Grp78, and qPCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of CHOP and Grp78. RESULTS: The results of CCK8, SRB and flow cytometry showed that ICA could relieve ERS and reduce apoptosis of PC12 cells. The results of transmission microscope showed that ICA could reduce apoptosis of PC12 cells caused by ERS. The results of Western blot and q-PCR showed that ICA could inhibit ERS by down-regulating the expression of CHOP and Grp78. CONCLUSIONS: ICA can inhibit ERS and promote the repair of PC12 cells by down-regulating the expression of CHOP and Grp78. ICA has the potential to promote the recovery of spinal cord injury.


Assuntos
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Epimedium/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Células PC12 , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo
16.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 126, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among women worldwide. Alterations in the tumor microenvironment (TME) have been increasingly recognized as key in the development and progression of breast cancer in recent years. To deeply comprehend the gene expression profiling of the TME and identify immunological targets, as well as determine the relationship between gene expression and different prognoses is highly critical. METHODS: The stromal/immune scores of breast cancer patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were employed to comprehensively evaluate the TME. Then, TME characteristics were assessed, overlapping genes of the top 3 Gene Ontology (GO) terms and upregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed. Finally, through combined analyses of overall survival, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC), and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, novel immune related genes with good prognosis were screened and validated in both TCGA and GEO database. RESULTS: Although the TME did not correlate with the stages of breast cancer, it was closely associated with the subtypes of breast cancer and gene mutations (CDH1, TP53 and PTEN), and had immunological characteristics. Based on GO functional enrichment analysis, the upregulated genes from the high vs low immune score groups were mainly involved in T cell activation, the external side of the plasma membrane, and receptor ligand activity. The top GO terms of the upregulated DEGs from the high vs low immune score groups exhibited better prognosis in breast cancer; 15 of them were related to good prognosis in breast cancer, especially CD226 and KLRC4-KLRK1. CONCLUSIONS: High CD226 and KLRC4-KLRK1 expression levels were identified and validated to correlate with better overall survival in specific stages or subtypes of breast cancer. CD226, KLRC4-KLRK1 and other new targets seem to be promising avenues for promoting antitumor targeted immunotherapy in breast cancer.

17.
Biochem Genet ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564960

RESUMO

There has been no research on applying gene detection to differential diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). We attempted to explore a novel auxiliary method for differential diagnosis between ACC with benign adrenocortical adenoma (ACA), based on mutations of target genes in tissues. Nine genes were chosen as target genes, including TP53, CTNNB1, ARMC5, PRKAR1A, ZNRF3, RB1, APC, MEN1, and RPL22. Exons sequencing of target genes were performed in 98 cases of tissue samples by FastTarget technology, including 41 ACC tissues, 32 ACA tissues, and 25 normal adrenal gland tissues. Significant mutations were detected and identified, and the clinical information was collected, for further comparative analysis and application to assist differential diagnosis of ACC. We identified 132 significant gene mutations and 227 significant mutation sites in 37 ACC tissues, much more than ACA and normal adrenal gland tissues. Mutation rates of 6 genes in ACC tissues were obviously higher than ACA tissues, including ZNRF3, ARMC5, TP53, APC, RB1, and PRKAR1A, regarded as high-risk genes. The sum of mutated high-risk genes detected in each sample was denominated sum of high-risk gene mutation (SHGM), and the rates of SHGM > 0 and SHGM > 1 in ACC tissues were 73.0% and 62.2%, respectively, both obviously higher than those in ACA tissues, with significant statistic differences. Especially for 8 cases of ACC with diameter < 5 cm, SHGM > 0 and SHGM > 1 were found in 6 samples (75%) and 4 samples (50%), respectively. However, no relevance was found between SHGM and clinical characteristics of ACC. We identified 6 high-risk genes in ACC tissues, with significantly higher mutation rates than ACA or normal adrenal gland tissues. The sum of mutated high-risk genes detected in ACC tissues was denominated SHGM, which was potential to assist the differential diagnosis of ACC with ACA, especially for the small-size ACC.

18.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-7, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527868

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spontaneous axonal plasticity and functional restoration after stroke may be limited by Nogo-A, a myelin-associated inhibitor, via activation of the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a rehabilitation technique based on neuroplasticity and neural recombination. We recently reported that CIMT promoted neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in part by inhibiting the Nogo-A-RhoA-ROCK pathway. Here, we examine the hypothesis that CIMT combined with the ROCK inhibitor fasudil further amplifies neurogenesis during stroke recovery. METHODS: Four groups of rats were randomized as follows: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR), Fasudil, CIMT and CIMT + Fasudil. Seven days after stroke, CIMT and/or intraperitoneal infusion of fasudil were initiated and continued for 3 weeks. The behavioral outcomes and immunohistochemical markers of neurogenesis were quantified. RESULTS: Compared with other groups, the combination of CIMT with fasudil after IR significantly improved motor and memory function recovery. In addition, BrdU, BrdU/doublecortin and BrdU/GFAP all increased significantly in the brain tissue of the combined treatment group compared to the CIMT or Fasudil group. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the effects of CIMT on neurogenesis are amplified by fasudil during the recovery phase after stroke.

19.
Water Res ; 194: 116927, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618107

RESUMO

Due to the fast reaction of superoxide radical (O2•-) with ozone (O3), it has been suggested that O2•- is present at very low concentrations during ozonation. Therefore, while O2•- has been considered a critical chain carrier for promoting O3 decomposition to hydroxyl radicals (•OH), the direct reactions of O2•- with micropollutants have been assumed to be insignificant during ozonation. In this study, we monitored the exposures of O3, •OH, and O2•- by following the depletion of O3, p-chlorobenzoic acid (pCBA, as •OH probe), and tetrachloromethane (CCl4, as O2•- probe) during ozonation of various water matrices (surface water, groundwater, and secondary wastewater effluent). For a given water matrix, the ratio between •OH and O3 exposures (Rct), O2•- and O3 exposures (RSO), as well as O2•- and •OH exposures (RSH) remained almost constant over the entire reaction time. This suggests that during ozonation, the ratios between the transient concentrations of •OH and O3, O2•- and O3, and O2•- and •OH were also constant and equaled to the Rct, RSO, and RSH, respectively. Based on the O3, •OH, and O2•- exposures observed during ozonation, a chemical kinetic model was proposed to simulate the abatement of ten ozone-resistant micropollutants in the three water matrices by ozonation. The results indicate that due to the higher concentrations of O2•- than •OH (RSH = ~5-8), the reactions with O2•- played a non-negligible or even dominant role in the abatement of some micropollutants that have similar or higher O2•- reactivity than •OH reactivity (e.g., tetrachloroethylene, chloroform, and PFOA). Compared with the previous model that neglected the contribution of O2•- to micropollutant abatement, the proposed model more accurately simulated the abatement efficiencies of the test micropollutants during ozonation. These results indicate that the proposed model can provide a useful tool for the generalized prediction of micropollutant abatement by ozonation.


Assuntos
Ozônio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Oxirredução , Superóxidos , Águas Residuárias/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(3): 1147-1158, 2021 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522800

RESUMO

Dysangiogenesis and chronic inflammation are two critical reasons for diabetic foot ulcers. Desferrioxamine (DFO) was used clinically in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers by repeated injections because of its capacity to induce vascularization. Biocompatible carriers that release DFO slowly and facilitate healing simultaneously are preferable options to accelerate the healing of diabetic wounds. Here, DFO-laden silk nanofiber hydrogels that provided a sustained release of DFO for more than 40 days were used to treat diabetic wounds. The DFO-laden hydrogels stimulated the healing of diabetic wounds. In vitro cell studies revealed that the DFO-laden hydrogels modulated the migration and gene expression of endothelial cells, and they also tuned the inflammation behavior of macrophages. These results were confirmed in an in vivo diabetic wound model. The DFO-laden hydrogels alleviated dysangiogenesis and chronic inflammation in the diabetic wounds, resulting in a more rapid wound healing and increased collagen deposition. Both in vitro and in vivo studies suggested potential clinical applications of these DFO-laden hydrogels in the treatment of diabetic ulcers.

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