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2.
Oncologist ; 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396638

RESUMO

G724S is a rare mutation induced by different generations of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). No clinical effective drugs toward G724S mutation have been reported till now. We analyzed the interaction of three drugs (afatinib, gefitinib, osimertinib) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) from three aspects: the spatial structure of the binding region, the scoring function value, and the interaction force between drug molecules and active center of EGFR. Our results indicate that afatinib remains effective to patients with EGFR Exon19Deletion(Ex19Del) and G724S mutations whereas osimertinib and gefitinib are not, which is consistent with other reports. Afatinib is reported to be effective against G724S mutation, but no long-term clinical survival has been reported till now. A patient with stage IV adenocarcinoma was found to have Ex19Del/G724S mutation. Treated with afatinib, he received a progression-free survival of more than 1 year. With the guidance of this case report, we provide the clinical evidence of using afatinib for patients with G724S mutations and obtaining long-term clinical survival. KEY POINTS: Guided by protein-drug docking, afatinib is more effective to EGFR G724S mutation compared with osimertinib and gefitinib. A patient with Ex19Del/G724S mutation obtained long-term survival with afatinib treatment.

3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 692690, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393999

RESUMO

Background: Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a rare developmental disorder. Our previous metabolomics work showed substantial changes in linoleic acid and glycerophospholipid metabolism in KS. Here, we performed targeted lipidomics to further identify the differential lipid species in KS. Methods: Twenty-one patients with KS (treatment group) and twenty-two age-matched healthy controls (HC, control group) were enrolled. Seminal plasma samples and medical records were collected. Targeted lipidomics analysis of these samples was performed using ultraperformance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS). Results: Lipidomics profiling of patients with KS and the HCs showed clear separation in the orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). There were many differential lipids identified, with the main differential lipid species being triacylglycerols (TAGs), phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Conclusions: The lipidomics profile of patients with KS changed. It was also determined that TAGs, PCs and PE are promising biomarkers for KS diagnosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report to analyze lipidomics in men with Kallmann syndrome.

4.
Eur J Cancer ; 156: 35-45, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The EXTREME regimen (chemotherapy [CT; cisplatin/carboplatin and 5-fluorouracil]) plus cetuximab is a standard-of-care first-line (1L) treatment for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M SCCHN), as supported by international guidelines. The phase III CHANGE-2 trial assessed the efficacy and safety of a modified CT regimen (with a reduced dose of both components) and cetuximab versus CT for the 1L treatment of Chinese patients with R/M SCCHN. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive up to six cycles of CT plus cetuximab followed by cetuximab maintenance until progressive disease or CT alone. The primary end-point was the progression-free survival (PFS) time assessed by the independent review committee (IRC). RESULTS: Overall, 243 patients were randomised (164 to CT plus cetuximab; 79 to CT). The hazard ratios for PFS by IRC and overall survival (OS) were 0.57 (95% CI: 0.40-0.80; median: 5.5 versus 4.2 months) and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.50-0.93; median: 11.1 versus 8.9 months), respectively, in favour of CT plus cetuximab. The objective response rates (ORR) by IRC were 50.0% and 26.6% with CT plus cetuximab and CT treatment, respectively. Treatment-emergent adverse events of maximum grade 3 or 4 occurred in 61.3% (CT plus cetuximab) and 48.7% (CT) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: CHANGE-2 showed an improved median PFS, median OS and ORR with the addition of cetuximab to a modified platinum/5-fluorouracil regimen, with no new or unexpected safety findings, thereby confirming CT plus cetuximab as an effective and safe 1L treatment for Chinese patients with R/M SCCHN. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02383966.

5.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 14(9): 867-875, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relapsed/refractory (R/R) classical HL (cHL) and systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (sALCL) treatment options are limited in China. There is a need for new therapies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This single-arm, open-label, multicenter, Phase II study assessed efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of single-agent brentuximab vedotin in Chinese patients with R/R cHL or sALCL. Patients received brentuximab vedotin 1.8 mg/kg by intravenous infusion on Day 1 of 3-week cycles (maximum 16 cycles). RESULTS: Patients (N = 39) received a median of 10 cycles (range: 2-16) of brentuximab vedotin. The objective response rate was 69% (95% CI: 52-83%), with 27 patients achieving objective responses (complete response: n = 11 [28%]; partial response: n = 16 [41%]). Median duration of response, progression-free survival and overall survival were 12.1 months, 13.5 months (95% CI: 6.8 months-not estimable) and not reached after a median follow-up of 16.6 months. Brentuximab vedotin was well tolerated with no on-study deaths. AEs were generally manageable and reversible. No new safety signals were identified. Pharmacokinetics were consistent with those previously described in Western populations. CONCLUSION: Brentuximab vedotin had a positive benefit-risk profile for Chinese patients with R/R cHL or sALCL, confirming it as a potential treatment option. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov identifier is NCT02939014.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13647, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211025

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation for stage III Kümmell disease. Twenty-five patients with stage III Kümmell disease who received bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine between June 2009 and December 2015 were enrolled. All patients were females with a history of osteoporosis. The vertebral Cobb angle (V-Cobb angle), the fixed segment Cobb Angle (S-Cobb angle), pelvic parameters, visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were assessed preoperatively, postoperatively and at the final follow-up. Complications, loosening rate, operation time, and intraoperative bleeding were recorded. The average lumbar vertebral density T-value was - 3.68 ± 0.71 SD, and the average age was 71.84 ± 5.39. The V-Cobb angle, S-Cobb angle, and Sagittal Vertical Axis (SVA) were significantly smaller postoperatively compared to the preoperative values. The VAS and ODI at 1 month after surgery were 3.60 ± 1.00 and 36.04 ± 6.12%, respectively, which were both significantly lower than before surgery (VAS: 8.56 ± 1.04, ODI: 77.80 ± 6.57%). Bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation is a safe and effective treatment for stage III Kümmell disease. It can effectively correct kyphosis, restore and maintain sagittal balance, and maintain spinal stability.

7.
Int J Hematol ; 114(3): 355-362, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302593

RESUMO

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are a group of T-cell lymphomas with low incidence. Due to their indolent characteristics, treatment strategies have not yet been established for advanced CTCLs. In this study, relative incidence of CTCLs in Asia was estimated and the therapeutic outcomes presented based on various treatments currently used in clinics for advanced CTCLs. As part of a prospective registry study of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) conducted across Asia, including Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia, subgroup analysis was performed for patients with CTCLs. Among 486 patients with PTCL, 37 with CTCL (7.6%) were identified between April 2016 and February 2019. Primary cutaneous ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, 35.1%) was the most common subtype. With a median follow-up period of 32.1 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 53.5 months (95% CI 0.0-122.5), and overall survival was not reached. 14 patients (48.2%) underwent subsequent treatment after the first relapse, but the response rate was 20% with a PFS of 2.2 months (95% CI 0.3-4.0). Six patients received autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). However, auto-SCT did not result in better outcomes. Additional studies are needed on standard care treatment of advanced or refractory and relapsed CTCLs.


Assuntos
Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/diagnóstico , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/etiologia , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/terapia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/etiologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(3): 720-724, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To retrospective analyze the reason of death in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, and the experience was summarized in order to reduce the mortality. METHODS: 916 children diagnosed as ALL and accepted CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in our hospital were enrolled, the dead cases in them were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: 169 children died, including 111 (65.7%) males and 58 (34.3%) females. Recurrence was the main reason of death. 150 (88.7%) children died due to recurrence, among them, 86 (57.3%) cases gave up directly. The second reason of death was infection. The main clinical sites of infection were concentrated in respiratory system and digestive system. Bacterial infection was most common (Gram-negative was common). CONCLUSION: Enough finance and improving family compliance can decrease the mortality in children with ALL. Early rational use of antibiotics can reduce infection-related mortality in children with ALL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Transl Oncol ; 14(8): 101119, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000643

RESUMO

Relapse of childhood AML1-ETO (AE) acute myeloid leukemia is the most common cause of treatment failure. Optimized minimal residual disease monitoring methods is required to prevent relapse. In this study, we used next-generation sequencing to identify the breakpoints in the fusion gene and the DNA-based droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) method was used for dynamic monitoring of AE-DNA. The ddPCR technique provides more sensitive and precise quantitation of the AE gene during disease progression and relapse. Quantification of the AE fusion gene by ddPCR further contributes to improved prognosis. Our study provides valuable methods for dynamic surveillance of AE fusion DNA and assistance in determining the prognosis.

10.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(9): 2775-2788, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651142

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) is rare in China and case reports are varied. We conducted an in-depth analysis of newly diagnosed children with T-ALL from January 1999 to April 2015 in our center, to show the biological differences between Chinese ETP-ALL children and other immune types of T-ALL. METHODS: The newly diagnosed children with T-ALL were divided into four groups according to their immunophenotype: ETP-ALL, early non-ETP-ALL, cortical T-ALL and medullary T-ALL. Disease-free survival (DFS), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: A total of 117 newly diagnosed children with T-ALL were enrolled in this study. The 10-year EFS and OS rates for all patients were 59.0 ± 4.7% and 61.0 ± 4.7%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 64 (5-167) months. Univariate analysis showed that ETP-ALL patients had the lowest 10-year DFS rate of 32.1 ± 11.7%, while cortical T-ALL had the highest DFS rate of 81.3 ± 8.5% compared with early non-ETP-ALL (61.6 ± 7.0%) and medullary T-ALL (59.1 ± 10.6%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only ETP-ALL and involvement of the central nervous system were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: Compared with other subtypes, pediatric ETP-ALL had a poor treatment response and high recurrence rate while cortical T-ALL appeared to have much better outcome. Our observations highlight the need for an individualized treatment regime for ETP-ALL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Criança , China , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/classificação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/classificação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 271-278, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis. RESULTS: Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8.3×109/L [range: (2.0-191.0)×109/L], a median hemoglobin level of 73 g/L (range: 44-86 g/L), and a median platelet count of 75×109/L [range: (4-213)×109/L] at diagnosis. According to the FAB classification, the children with AML-M5 accounted for 71% (10/14). Among the 14 children, 4 had multi-lineage dysplasia (MLD), 2 had a history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 5 had MDS-related cytogenetic changes, 2 had MLD with MDS-related cytogenetic changes, and 1 had a history of MDS with MLD. The median follow-up time was 10.6 months (range: 0.4-54.4 months) for 14 children, among whom 2 gave up treatment immediately after diagnosis and 12 had an evaluable treatment outcome. The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was 50%±15%, and the 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 33%±13%. Of the 12 children, 7 underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), among whom 5 achieved DFS and 2 died, with a 2-year OS rate of 71%±17% and a 2-year DFS rate of 43%±19%; 5 children underwent chemotherapy alone, among whom 1 achieved DFS, 3 died, and 1 was lost to follow-up, with a 2-year OS rate of 40%±30% and a 2-year DFS rate of 30%±24%. There was no significant difference in the survival condition between the transplantation and chemotherapy groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Childhood AML-MRC is often observed in boys, and AML-M5 is the most common type based on FAB classification. Such children tend to have a poor prognosis. HSCT is expected to improve the poor prognosis of children with AML-MRC. However due to the small number of cases, it is necessary to increase the number of cases for further observation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Adv Ther ; 38(4): 1889-1903, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751401

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have limited access to rituximab. IBI301 is a recombinant chimeric murine/human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody and is a candidate biosimilar to rituximab. This study aimed to assess the therapeutic equivalence of IBI301 and rituximab in previously untreated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, phase 3 trial compared IBI301 and rituximab, both plus the chemotherapy of doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, and prednisone (CHOP), was conducted in 68 centers across China. Eligible patients with untreated CD20 positive (CD20+) DLBCL randomly received IBI301 (375 mg/m2) plus the standard CHOP or rituximab (375 mg/m2) plus the standard CHOP for six cycles of a 21-day cycle. The primary end point was the overall remission rate (ORR). Efficacy equivalence was defined if 95% CIs for the ORR difference between the two groups were within a ± 12.0% margin. RESULTS: Between August 22, 2016, and September 5, 2018, 419 patients were randomly allocated into the IBI301 group (N = 209) and rituximab group (N = 210). In the full analysis set, the ORR was 89.9% and 93.8% in the IBI301 and rituximab groups, respectively, and the ORR difference was -3.9% (95% CI - 9.1%-1.3%), falling within a ± 12.0% margin. The occurrences of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) (100% vs. 99.0%) and AEs of grade ≥ 3 (87.1% vs. 83.3%) were similar in the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: IBI301 had a non-inferiority efficacy and a comparable safety compared with rituximab. IBI301 plus CHOP could be suggested as a candidate treatment regimen for untreated patients with CD20+ DLBCL. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02867566).


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Padrões de Referência , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
13.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(4): 469-473, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587347

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the most important and lethal cancers in the world. Human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) is a member of the erbB receptor tyrosine kinase family. The incidence of HER2 kinase domain mutations in adenocarcinoma of lung ranges from 1% to 3%. HER2 V659D mutation is located in the trans-membrane domain (TMD) with only a few cases reported before, and importantly, there were no more standard and effective ways for this kind of diseases until now. Afatinib irreversibly blocks all kinase-competent HER family members. Apatinib is one of the small-molecule oral anti-angiogenesis-targeted agents developed firstly in China, and it's a highly selective inhibition of the activity of VEGFR-2. This report presents an advanced lung adenocarcinoma patient with HER2 V659D mutation who was treated with combination of Afatinib and Apatinib. He achieved good efficacy and tolerable adverse reactions.

14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 38-42, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) plus chemotherapy and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). METHODS: 21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph+ALL patients aged <12 year treated with Chinese Childhood Leukemia Group ALL 2008 (CCLG-ALL 2008) protocol form January 2008 and April 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into two groups, one group was TKI+ chemotherapy group, the other group was allo-HSCT group. RESULTS: Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival. CONCLUSION: At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph+ ALL children achieve 5 years event-free survival as campared those treated with allo-HSCT. However, for the patients without complete molecular response persistently and relapsed they can still benefit from allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(4): 771-780, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617485

RESUMO

Rapid filling in horizontal partially filled pipes with entrapped air may result in extreme pressure transients. This study advanced the current understanding of dynamic behavior of entrapped air above tailwater (the initial water column with a free surface in a partially filled pipe) through rigid-column modeling and sensitivity analysis of system parameters. Water and air were considered as incompressible fluid and ideal gas, respectively, and the continuity and momentum equations for water and a thermodynamic equation for air were solved by using the fourth order Runge-Kutta method. The effects of system parameters were examined in detail, including tailwater depth, entrapped air volume, driving head, pipe friction, and relative length of entrapped air and pipe. The results indicate that the presence of tailwater can mitigate the peak pressure when with identical initial volumes of entrapped air, as it can be considered to reflect a certain amount of loss of the net driving head. However, the peak pressure can increase as much as about 45% for the cases with fixed pipe length, due to the reduction in the initial entrapped air volume. The rise time for the first peak pressure was closely related to pipe friction, whereas the oscillation period (defined as the time duration between the first and second peaks) was virtually irrelevant. The applicability of the rigid-column model was discussed, and a time scale relevant indicator was proposed. When the indicator is larger than 20, the relative difference between the peak pressure estimation and experimental measurements is generally below 5%.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Movimentos da Água , Fricção , Pressão , Água
16.
Ann Hematol ; 100(9): 2269-2277, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443592

RESUMO

Variation in normal blood cells during chemotherapy has not been recognised as a risk factor guiding chemotherapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). This study aims to explore whether variations in normal haematopoiesis determine prognosis as well as to improve risk-stratified treatment in childhood ALL. A retrospective study of 279 cases of ALL treated with the CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in the Division of Pediatric Blood Diseases Center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, from May 2015 to January 2017 was performed to analyse the prognostic impact of blood cell levels on day 19 of induction therapy by Kaplan-Meier method. Patients with childhood ALL with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≤ 90 cells/µl, absolute monocyte count (AMC) ≤ 10 cells/µl or absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≤ 1000 cells/µl on day 19 of induction therapy had a lower event-free survival (EFS) rate than those with higher values (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis confirmed that ANC ≤ 90 cells/µl and ALC ≤ 1000 cells/µl were independent adverse prognostic factors (HR = 1.981 and 2.162, respectively, both P < 0.05). Among patients with minimal residual disease (MRD) < 1% on day 19 of induction therapy, those with ANC ≤ 90 cells/µl had lower EFS than those with ANC > 90 cells/µl (70.8 ± 6.1% vs 86.4 ± 3.1%, P = 0.001). In the subgroup with the BCR/ABL1 fusion gene, patients with ANC ≤ 90 cells/µl on day 19 of induction therapy also had lower EFS than those with ANC > 90 cells/µl (34.4 ± 25.2% vs 25.0 ± 21.7%, P = 0.041). ANC and ALC during induction therapy are independent prognostic factors for childhood ALL. ANC contributes to guiding the prognosis of patients with low-level MRD or the BCR/ABL1 fusion gene.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Indução , Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/sangue , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Neutrófilos/citologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 956-964, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preferred salvage treatment for children with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (R/R-AML) remains unclear. The combination of cladribine/Ara-C/granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and mitoxantrone (CLAG-M) shown promising results in adult R/R-AML. We aim to investigate the efficacy and safety of CLAG-M versus mitoxantrone/etoposide/cytarabine (MEC) or idarubicin/etoposide/cytarabine (IEC) in R/R-AML children. METHODS: Fifty-five R/R-AML children were analyzed. The overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3-year were documented. Karyotype or mutations status were summarized as different risk groups. RESULTS: The ORR was achieved in 80% (16/20) and 51% (18/35) of patients after one-cycle of CLAG-M and MEC/IEC treatment (p < 0.001). The CLAG-M group's OS (66.8% ± 16.2% vs. 40.4% ± 10.9%, p = 0.019) and PFS (52.6% ± 13.7% vs. 34.9% ± 9.1%, p = 0.036) at 3-year was significantly higher than the MEC/IEC group. In high-risk patients, 33.3% experienced progression of disease (PD) and 22.2% dead in CLAG-M group, while 50% experienced PD and 43.8% dead in MEC/IEC. When it comes to low-risk group, none of them in CLAG-M experienced PD or death, while up to 50% of patients received MEC/IEC suffered PD, and all of them died eventually. Similar results were also found in the intermediate-risk group. Surprisingly, the presence of FLT3-ITD was associated with poor outcome in both groups. The most common adverse events were hematologic toxicities, and the incidence was similar in both group. CONCLUSIONS: CLAG-M group demonstrated effective palliation along with acceptable toxicity in R/R-AML patients. However, patients with FLT3-ITD may benefit less from CLAG-M, owing to higher PD rate and all-cause mortality than other patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Quimioterapia de Indução/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação/mortalidade , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cladribina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Idarubicina/administração & dosagem , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Int J Hematol ; 113(3): 413-421, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386594

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a rare disease among children. A retrospective study was conducted from November 2002 to March 2019 at a single institution in China. A total of 36 pediatric CML patients (25 male and 11 female) were enrolled. Median follow-up time was 51 months (range 8-144), and 5-year overall survival and event-free survival were 95.5 ± 4.4% and 88.9 ± 6.0%, respectively. Among the 25 patients whose response to imatinib mesylate (IM) was regularly monitored, 92.0% achieved complete hematologic response at 3 months, 80.0% achieved complete cytogenetic response at 12 months, and 64.0% achieved major molecular response at 18 months after IM therapy. A higher WBC count at diagnosis was associated with failure to achieve early molecular response (EMR). Height standard deviation score after long-term treatment was significantly and positively correlated with age at diagnosis and at the start of IM therapy. Overall, IM therapy was effective in treating pediatric CML, and WBC count at diagnosis might be an ideal predictor of EMR. Moreover, retardation of height and weight growth due to IM tended to affect patients younger than 9 years old at diagnosis, and longitudinal growth might normalize further into treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Cariótipo Anormal , Adolescente , Anorexia/induzido quimicamente , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Transtornos do Crescimento/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/sangue , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/enzimologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/induzido quimicamente , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 12, 2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a rare disease and recent approved drugs for relapsed/refractory (r/r) PTCL provided limited clinical benefit. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of geptanolimab (GB226), an anti-PD-1 antibody, in r/r PTCL patients. METHODS: We did this single-arm, multicenter phase 2 study across 41 sites in China. Eligible patients with r/r PTCL received geptanolimab 3 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. All patients who received at least one dose of geptanolimab and histological confirmed PTCL entered full analysis set (FAS). The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) in FAS assessed by the independent radiological review committee (IRRC) per Lugano 2014 criteria. RESULTS: Between July 12, 2018, and August 15, 2019, 102 patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of geptanolimab. At the data cutoff date (August 15, 2020), the median follow-up was 4.06 (range 0.30-22.9) months. For 89 patients in FAS, 36 achieved objective response (40.4%, 95% CI 30.2-51.4), of which 13 (14.6%) were complete response and 23 (25.8%) had partial response assessed by IRRC. The median duration of response (DOR) was 11.4 (95% CI 4.8 to not reached) months per IRRC. Patients with PD-L1 expression ≥ 50% derived more benefit from geptanolimab treatment compared to < 50% ones (ORR, 53.3% vs. 25.0%, p = 0.013; median PFS 6.2 vs. 1.5 months, p = 0.002). Grade ≥ 3 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 26 (25.5%) patients, and the most commonly observed were lymphocyte count decreased (n = 4) and platelet count decreased (n = 3). Serious adverse events were observed in 45 (44.1%) patients and 19 (18.6%) were treatment related. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, geptanolimab showed promising activity and manageable safety profile in patients with r/r PTCL. Anti-PD-1 antibody could be a new treatment approach for this patient population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This clinical trial was registered at the ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03502629) on April 18, 2018.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(5): 693-698, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442956

RESUMO

Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two or more lung primary malignant tumors in one individual. The detection rate of MPLC has increased significantly in recent years, and the distinction between MPLC and lung metastasis has strong clinical significance. Whole exome sequencing (WES) can clearly identify the heterogeneity between MPLC nodules. Here, we report a case of a 50-year-old Asian female without a history of smoking. She underwent a lung computed tomography (CT) scan and three ground-glass nodules (GGNs) were found which were pathologically confirmed as atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IA), respectively. We performed WES on the three pulmonary nodules and analyzed the sequencing results. We believe that this is the first published report of a case of "three phases" of lung adenocarcinoma analyzed by WES. Under the same genetic background and internal environment, these three nodules showed significant genetic differences and developed into "three phases" of lung adenocarcinoma. Analysis of the WES results supported the lung adenocarcinoma model from AAH to MIA and IA, and explored possible potential driver genes and therapeutic targets. KEY POINTS: SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: We used WES to analyze the gene mutation status of three tumors in one individual. We found that even if under the same genetic background, AAH, MIA and IA showed significant genetic differences and developed into "three phases" of lung adenocarcinoma. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: Analysis of the WES results supported the lung adenocarcinoma model from AAH to MIA and IA, and explored possible potential driver genes and therapeutic targets.

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