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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17526, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067498

RESUMO

Quantum catalysis is a feasible approach to increase the performance of continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD), involving the special zero-photon catalysis (ZPC) operation. However, in the practical point of view, the improvement effect of this operation will be limited by the imperfection of the photon detector. In this paper, we show that the ZPC operation at the sender can be simulated by a post-selection method without implementing it in practical devices. While performing this virtual version of ZPC in CVQKD, we can not only reach the ideal case of its practical implementation with minimal hardware requirement, but also keep the benefit of Gaussian security proofs. Based on Gaussian modulated coherent state protocols with achievable parameters, we enhance the security of the proposed scheme from the asymptotical case to the finite-size scenario and composable framework. Simulation results show that similar to the asymptotical case, both the maximal transmission distance and the tolerable excess noise of virtual ZPC-involved CVQKD outperform the original scheme and the scheme using virtual photon subtraction while considering finite-size effect and composable security. In addition, the virtual ZPC-involved CVQKD can tolerate a higher imperfection of the detector, enabling its practical implementation of the CVQKD system with state-of-the-art technology.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021911

RESUMO

Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is a national second-grade protected and one of the four famous trees in China, with high medicinal and economic value. Leaf spot disease in this plant can cause the leaves to dry up, perforate or even fall off, which affects the growth and development, and also has a great influence on its products. In May 2019, the leaf spot of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen was found and observed in Chengmai County (N19°40', E110°0'), Hainan Province, China, and the symptomatic leaves were brought back to the laboratory for research; According to our survey at that time, the incidence of the disease was between 10% and 15%. A sterile stainless-steel scalpel was used to cut the tissues at the junction of the leaf lesions and placed on a clean bench, soaked in alcohol (75 %) for 30 s, and rinsed thrice with sterile water. Then it was inserted obliquely onto lactic acid-containing potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 28 °C for 5 days. The growing prominent colonies were singled out and re-inoculated on PDA and SNA plates. Preliminary identification was based on morphological characteristics, followed by molecular identification of strains by evaluating genes for translation elongation factor-1α(TEF-1α), beta-tubulin, mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU)( Duan et al. 2019; Cao et al.2019; Stenglein et al.2010), and histone H3 (Jacobs, et al. 2010) . Through morphological observation, the isolate was identified as Fusarium fujikuroi. At the initial stage of growth on PDA, the strain produced a large number of white hyphae, followed by pink and purple-brown hyphae in the center of the colony which spread to the surrounding area. The microspores were abundant, colorless, elliptic or clavate, without septum or at 1-2 septate, and the size was about 3.3 to 13.5 × 1.2 to 3.2 µm. After nine days of culturing on SNA medium, few, large conidia were observed, typically sickle-like, with 3-4 septa with a size of about 20 to 40.2 × 2.3 to 4.4 µm. The identity of the strains was determined by comparing the gene sequences of TEF-1α, mtSSU, beta-tubulin and histone H3 by NCBI BLAST. The results showed that TEF-1 α (MN958396), mtSSU (MN958394), ß - tubulin (MN958395), and histone H3 (MN958397) from the target strain (jxht0302) had 100% sequence homology with F. fujikuroi (GenBank, accession numbers KF604040.1, MF984420.1, XM023575231.1, and MF356523.1 respectively). Next, the infection of D. odorifera T. Chen seedlings with and without injury was studied using a fungus block, with PDA as a control. Two days after inoculation with injury, obvious lesions were observed on the leaves, which appeared at least 5 days post- inoculation without injury, with no lesions in the control group. F. fujikuroi could be re-isolated from the leaves with lesions, but not from the control group. F. fujikuroi causes Black Rot of Macleaya cordata and maize ear rot (Yull et al.2019; Duan et al. 2019). As far as we know, this is the first report of F. fujikuroi causing leaf spot disease of D. odorifera T. Chen. Given the importance of D. odorifera T. Chen products, this disease needs more attention to tackle it.

3.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(10): 749-759, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039054

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Sargassum fusiforme polysaccharide (SFPS I, II, and III) on the apoptosis and regulation of human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. The effect of different doses of SFPS on HEL cell growth was detected using the Cell Counting Kit-8 method, and apoptosis was detected by Hoechst staining. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected using flow cytometry. Expression of the cell cycle gene, p53, antiapoptotic genes, Bcl-xL and Bcl-2, and pro-apoptotic genes, Bax, Bad, and Caspase-3, as well as the expression of the corresponding proteins, were detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot. The results showed that SFPS II and III decreased HEL cell viability and induced HEL cell apoptosis. Different concentrations of SFPS (I, II, and III) were detected that induced much less toxic effect in normal human embryonic lung (MRC-5) cells, and SFPS I increased cell proliferation, indicating its favorable selectivity towards cancer cells. The mechanism by which SFPS induced apoptosis was also found to be related to the induction of cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and the increased expression of apoptosis-related genes and proteins. We concluded that SFPS induces HEL cell apoptosis, possibly via activation of the Caspase pathway, providing the theoretical basis for the development of SFPS-based anti-tumor drug products.

4.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(5): 59-65, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040815

RESUMO

This research aimed to explore the mechanism of mediating the down-regulation of the calcium-activated potassium channel (IKCa1) gene expression in human oral squamous cell carcinoma Tca-8113 cells, thereby affecting cell proliferation and apoptosis. The expression level of IKCa1 in Tca-8113 cell line (oral squamous cell carcinoma) and HOEC cell line (human normal oral epithelial cell) was detected by RT-PCR. Then, after IKCa1 was knocked down in Tca-8113 cell line and HOEC cell line by RNA interference, and then cell proliferation levels were detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) method. Cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. Apoptosis was detected by membrane linked protein V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) double-staining apoptosis detection kit. The protein expression level of IKCa1 was detected by Western Blot method. According to RT-PRC results, IKCa1 was significantly more expressed in Tca-8113 cell line than in HOEC cell line (P< 0.01).  In addition, the mRNA expression levels in the normal oral epithelium and oral squamous cell carcinoma showed the same trend. After knocking down IKCa1 in Tca-8113 cell line, the IKCa1siRNA group significantly inhibited cell proliferation compared with the siNC control group. The results of flow cytometry showed that the proportion of apoptotic Tca-8113 cells transfected with IKCa1siRNA was significantly increased. The ratio of early apoptosis and late apoptosis of Tca-8113 cells increased (P< 0.05). To investigate the effect of IKCa1 on apoptosis, we tested the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins. The results showed that the mRNA level of IKCa1siRNA group was significantly decreased by 44.41% compared with the control group (p< 0.01). Meanwhile, the mRNA level of Bax was significantly increased by 36.0% (p< 0.05). Our results showed that knocking down IKCa1 in Tca-8113 cells could induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis to produce an anti-proliferation effect, thus inhibiting the expression of IKCa1 has an anti-cancer effect in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

5.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to comprehensively determine the effects of hypertension on left ventricular (LV) structure, microcirculation, tissue characteristics, and deformation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 138 asymptomatic patients with T2DM (80 normotensive and 58 hypertensive individuals) and 42 normal glucose-tolerant and normotensive controls and performed multiparametric CMR examination to assess cardiac geometry, microvascular perfusion, extracellular volume (ECV), and strain. Univariable and multivariable linear analysis was performed to analyze the effect of hypertension on LV deformation in patients with T2DM. RESULTS: Compared with controls, patients with T2DM exhibited decreased strain, decreased microvascular perfusion, increased LV remodeling index, and increased ECV. Hypertension lead to greater deterioration of LV strain (peak strain-radial, P = 0.002; peak strain-longitudinal, P = 0.006) and LV remodeling index (P = 0.005) in patients with T2DM after adjustment for covariates; however, it did not affect microvascular perfusion (perfusion index, P = 0.469) and ECV (P = 0.375). In multivariable analysis, hypertension and diabetes were independent predictors of reduced LV strain, whereas hypertension is associated with greater impairment of diastolic function (P = 0.009) but not systolic function (P = 0.125) in the context of diabetes, independent of clinical factors and myocardial disorder. CONCLUSION: Hypertension in the context of diabetes is significantly associated with LV diastolic function and concentric remodeling; however, it has little effect on systolic function, myocardial microcirculation, or fibrosis independent of covariates, which provide clinical evidence for understanding the pathogenesis of comorbidities and explaining the development of distinct heart failure phenotypes.

6.
Plant Genome ; 13(1): e20001, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016624

RESUMO

African wild rice Oryza longistaminata, one of the eight AA- genome species in the genus Oryza, possesses highly valued traits, such as the rhizomatousness for perennial rice breeding, strong tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses, and high biomass production on poor soils. To obtain the high-quality reference genome for O. longistaminata we employed a hybrid assembly approach through incorporating Illumina and PacBio sequencing datasets. The final genome assembly comprised only 107 scaffolds and was approximately ∼363.5 Mb, representing ∼92.7% of the estimated African wild rice genome (∼392 Mb). The N50 lengths of the assembled contigs and scaffolds were ∼46.49 Kb and ∼6.83 Mb, indicating ∼3.72-fold and ∼18.8-fold improvement in length compared to the earlier released assembly (∼12.5 Kb and 364 Kb, respectively). Aided with Hi-C data and syntenic relationship with O. sativa, these assembled scaffolds were anchored into 12 pseudo-chromosomes. Genome annotation and comparative genomic analysis reveal that lineage-specific expansion of gene families that respond to biotic- and abiotic stresses are of great potential for mining novel alleles to overcome major diseases and abiotic adaptation in rice breeding programs. This reference genome of African wild rice will greatly enlarge the existing database of rice genome resources and unquestionably form a solid base to understand genomic basis underlying highly valued phenotypic traits and search for novel gene sources in O. longistaminata for the future rice breeding programs.


Assuntos
Oryza , Genoma , Genômica , Oryza/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 161, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases the risks of heart failure and mortality in patients with hypertension, however the underlying mechanism is unclear. This study aims to investigate the impact of coexisting T2DM on left ventricular (LV) deformation and myocardial perfusion in hypertensive individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy hypertensive patients without T2DM [HTN(T2DM-)], forty patients with T2DM [HTN(T2DM+)] and 37 age- and sex-matched controls underwent cardiac magnetic resonance examination. Left ventricular (LV) myocardial strains, including global radial (GRPS), circumferential (GCPS) and longitudinal peak strain (GLPS), and resting myocardial perfusion indices, including upslope, time to maximum signal intensity (TTM), and max signal intensity (MaxSI), were measured and compared among groups by analysis of covariance after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and heart rate followed by Bonferroni's post hoc test. Backwards stepwise multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to determine the effects of T2DM on LV strains and myocardial perfusion indices in patients with hypertension. RESULTS: Both GRPS and GLPS deteriorated significantly from controls, through HTN(T2DM-), to HTN(T2DM+) group; GCPS in HTN(T2DM+) group was lower than those in both HTN(T2DM-) and control groups. Compared with controls, HTN(T2DM-) group showed higher myocardial perfusion, and HTN(T2DM+) group exhibited lower perfusion than HTN(T2DM-) group and controls. Multiple regression analyses considering covariates of systolic blood pressure, age, sex, BMI, heart rate, smoking, indexed LV mass and eGFR demonstrated that T2DM was independently associated with LV strains (GRPS: p = 0.002, model R2= 0.383; GCPS: p < 0.001, model R2= 0.472; and GLPS: p = 0.002, model R2= 0.424, respectively) and perfusion indices (upslope: p < 0.001, model R2= 0.293; TTM: p < 0.001, model R2= 0.299; and MaxSI: p < 0.001, model R2= 0.268, respectively) in hypertension. When both T2DM and perfusion indices were included in the regression analyses, both T2DM and TTM were independently associated with GRPS (p = 0.044 and 0.017, model R2= 0.390) and GCPS (p = 0.002 and 0.001, model R2= 0.424), and T2DM but not perfusion indices was independently associated with GLPS (p = 0.002, model R2= 0.424). CONCLUSION: In patients with hypertension, T2DM had an additive deleterious effect on subclinical LV systolic dysfunction and myocardial perfusion, and impaired myocardial perfusion by coexisting T2DM was associated with deteriorated LV systolic dysfunction.

8.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026031

RESUMO

A practical visible-light-induced aerobic oxidative dehydrogenative coupling reaction of glycine derivatives with olefins has been developed to efficiently synthesize quinoline-2-carboxylates. This metal-free process proceeds smoothly under mild conditions and exhibits good tolerance of functional groups. Given the low cost of the catalyst and feedstock materials, the mild reaction conditions and the absence of hazardous byproducts, this protocol should find broad applications in the synthesis of quinoline-2-carboxylate derivatives.

10.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; : 101793, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the validity of the nonlinear equations (Qingdao model) for dental age assessment in an eastern Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 1073 digital panoramic radiographs of children aged 11-16 years from a Chinese Han population. Dental ages (DAs) were calculated using the Demirjian and the new model methods. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. For each method, differences between the chronological age (CA) and dental age were analyzed by paired t-tests and mean absolute error (MAE). RESULTS: The discrepancies between CA and DA determined by Qingdao model were 0.18 and 0.30 years for males and females, respectively. While using Demirjian method, these differences were and 0.46 and 0.30. The Qingdao model's MAEs between DA and CA were 1.23 and 0.90 years in males and females, respectively. As for the Demirjian method, MAEs were 1.43 and 0.86 years in males and females. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the new nonlinear equations were more accurate than the traditional Demirjian method. Especially, the new nonlinear Qingdao model is more competitive in 11-14-year male groups and 15-16-year female groups. We recommend a combined Qingdao model and Demirjian method may reasonably reflect the CAs among children in the eastern Chinese population.

11.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920902

RESUMO

Oocyte proteins play an important role in oocyte maturation, fertilization and embryonic development. However, the protein composition of mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes is still unclear. Using one-dimensional Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (1D SDS-PAGE) and Reverse-phase liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (RP-LC-MS/MS), we constructed a protein profile of mouse GV oocytes. First, our proteomics profile identified 1405 different proteins from 11,000 mouse GV oocytes lacking zona pellucida. Second, with detailed bioinformatics analysis, a group of proteins that play an essential role in oocyte maturation was screened. In addition, the expression and localization of suppressor of G2 allele of skp1(SUGT1, also called SGT1), heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (Hnrpk), Seruin, Cullin1(Clu1) and nuclear distribution protein C (Nudc) in mouse ovaries and early embryos were also captured and investigated in this study. Moreover, the protein profile was submitted to the Proteomics Identifications Database (PRIDE) and is available via ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD014314. Our research provides valuable resources for the study of oocyte proteins and oocyte maturation and helps to clarify the mechanisms of oocyte maturation.

12.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our study aimedto investigate the clinical efficacy of argon-helium cryoablation and its effects on the immune function of patients with neck malignant tumors. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single-institution academic tertiary care center. METHODS: Totally 180 patients harboring head and neck malignant tumors were divided intothe the argon-helium cryoablation group(n=150) and the radiotherapy group(n=50). The efficacy of the two groups was compared and the immune function was observed. RESULTS: The short-term clinical effect of the argon-helium cryoablation group was significantly higher than that of the radiotherapy group(P<0.05). After treatment, the CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ of the argon-helium cryoablation group were significantly better than those of the radiotherapy group(P < 0.001). The results of TNF- α, IL-1 ß and CRP in the argon-helium cryoablation group was significantly better than that in the radiotherapy group(P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Argon-helium cryoablation could effectively improve the immune function, 5-year survival rate and local remission rate.

13.
J Med Genet ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The genetic causes of human idiopathic non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) with meiotic arrest remain unclear. METHODS: Two Chinese families with infertility participated in the study. In family 1, two brothers were affected by idiopathic NOA. In family 2, the proband was diagnosed with idiopathic NOA, and his elder sister suffered from infertility. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was conducted in the two patients in family 1, the proband in family 2 and 362 additional sporadic patients with idiopathic NOA. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the WES results. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and meiotic chromosomal spread analyses were carried out to evaluate the stage of spermatogenesis arrested in the affected cases. RESULTS: We identified compound heterozygous loss of function (LoF) variants of SHOC1 (c.C1582T:p.R528X and c.231_232del:p.L78Sfs*9, respectively) in both affected cases with NOA from family 1. In family 2, homozygous LoF variant in SHOC1 (c.1194delA:p.L400Cfs*7) was identified in the siblings with infertility. PAS, IHC and meiotic chromosomal spread analyses demonstrated that the spermatogenesis was arrested at zygotene stage in the three patients with NOA. Consistent with the autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, all of these SHOC1 variants were inherited from heterozygous parental carriers. Intriguingly, WES of 362 sporadic NOA cases revealed one additional NOA case with a bi-allelic SHOC1 LoF variant (c.1464delT:p.D489Tfs*13). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report identifying SHOC1 as the causative gene for human NOA. Furthermore, our study showed an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance in the NOA caused by SHOC1 deficiency.

14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 208: 112776, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896759

RESUMO

A set of fluorinated sialyl-T derivatives were efficiently synthesized using one-pot multi-enzyme (OPME) chemoenzymatic approach. The P. multocida α2-3-sialyltransferase (PmST1) involved in the synthesis showed extremely flexible donor and acceptor substrate specificities. These sialosides have been successfully investigated with stability towards Clostridium perfringens sialidase substrate specificity assay using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Hydrolysis studies monitored by 1H NMR clearly demonstrated that the fluorine substitution obviously reduced hydrolysis rate of Clostridium perfringens sialidase. To further investigate the fluorine influence, structure-dependent variation of sialoside-lectin binding was observed for MAL and different sialoside-immobilized surfaces. Subtle changes on the ligand of carbohydrate-binding protein were distinguished by SPR. These fluorinated sialyl-T derivatives obtained are valuable probes for further biological studies or antitumor drug design.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 318: 124019, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916465

RESUMO

Cellulase and hemicellulase activities are considered to the major bottlenecks in the lignocellulosic biorefinery process, especially in an enzyme cocktail lacking ß-glucosidase (BGL) and xylanase (XYL). In view of this issue, higher levels of BGL and XYL activities were obtained in the presence of wastewater and activated sludge as an induction medium mixed with 5% of rice straw by Hypocrea sp. W63. The analysis of the ionic content showed that a relatively low sludge dose could enhance the production of BGL and XYL. Most importantly, compared to a medium using freshwater, the proportion of 1:10 sludge to wastewater, which contained nutrient elements, led to 3.4-fold BGL and 3.7-fold XYL production improvements. This research describes the reuse of substrates that are largely and continuously generated from domestic wastewater treatment systems and agriculture residues, which consequently leads to the development of a simultaneous enzyme production process for sustainable biorefinery practices.

16.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 137: 110233, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe a measurement method for external auditory canal (EAC), especially in congenital aural stenosis (CAS). METHODS: High-resolution CT (HRCT) datasets of CAS were imported into the MIMICS 15.0 software for image processing. We used two methods to evaluate the degree of CAS. One is sagittal reconstruction measurement method, the minor axis of the bony ear canal was measured in each layer using sagittal reconstruction. The other is Matlab procedure calculation, we calculated the midpoint axis values of the EAC in each Frankfurt plane. Finally, we compared the minimum value of each method, and verified the sagittal reconstruction measurement method retrospectively in the CAS cases without cholesteatoma who had undergone meatoplasty. RESULTS: Twenty CAS cases were selected using the sagittal reconstruction measurement method and Matlab procedure calculation to evaluate the degree of CAS. The mean age was 9.55 ± 2.85 years old (range: 6-15). The mean degree of CAS was 2.09 ± 0.50 mm by sagittal reconstruction measurement method and 2.03 ± 0.58 mm by Matlab procedure calculation. There were no significant differences in the two groups (t = -1.371, p = 0.186). A total of 94 HRCT datasets were imported into MIMICS for verification. The mean age was 11.66 ± 6.56 years old (range: 6-39). Mean stenosis of EAC at surgery was 2.88 ± 0.93 mm (range: 1-4) by using sagittal reconstruction measurement method. CONCLUSIONS: Matlab procedure calculation is precise but relatively complicated and is only for scientific research. The sagittal reconstruction measurement method to calculate the most stenotic part of the bony ear canal is relatively simple and accurate to evaluate the degree of CAS. In cases of CAS without cholesteatoma, the precise measurement was critical for the next consultation.

17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105143, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The surgical procedure most appropriate for treating symptomatic Riles type 1A common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO) is unclear. This study compares the effects of ring-stripping retrograde endarterectomy (RSRE) and carotid artery crossover bypass (CACB) on cerebral perfusion improvement in patients with symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO patients treated at our centre. Postoperative improvements in the ipsilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) flow rate, ipsilateral cerebral blood perfusion (CBP) and the stroke recurrence rate were compared between patients who underwent RSRE and those who underwent CACB. RESULTS: A total of 20 CCAO patients were surgically treated at our centre from 2011 to 2018. Nine of these patients underwent RSRE, and eleven underwent CACB. No significant differences were identified between the groups in the ipsilateral blood flow rate of the ICA immediately after surgery and the ipsilateral-to-contralateral mean transit time ratios 1 day after surgery. However, the flow rate in the ICA was significantly higher in the RSRE group than in the CACB group 1 year after surgery (135.44 ± 19.22 ml/min vs. 116.36 ± 17.70 ml/min, p = 0.033). For CBP, the ipsilateral-to-contralateral mean transit time ratios were significantly lower in RSRE patients than in CACB patients 1 year after surgery (1.005 ± 0.052 vs. 1.064 ± 0.066, p = 0.044). In addition, the postoperative modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at the latest follow-up point (p = 0.884) and the stroke recurrence rate during the follow-up (88.9% vs. 90.9%, p > 0.999) were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although the postoperative mRS score and the stroke recurrence rate were not significantly different between RSRE and CACB patients, compared to CACB, RSRE was better for improving the ipsilateral ICA flow rate and cerebral perfusion in symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO patients.

18.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 110, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OC) has been regarded as the most malignant gynecological neoplasm and often confers grave outcomes owing to the frequent metastasis and high recurrence. A previous study has demonstrated that miR-1271-5p is implicated in OC progression, however, the possible mechanism of it remains unknown. The purpose of this investigation was to explore how miR-1271-5p regulates the progression of OC. METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases were employed to analyze the differentially expressed miRNAs or genes as well as their corresponding prognostic values. miR-1271-5p expression in OC cells was examined by qRT-PCR. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8), colony formation, and transwell tests were conducted to evaluate the proliferation, migration and invasion potentials. Bioinformatics prediction and luciferase activity analysis were utilized to predict and verify the target gene of miR-1271-5p. Western blot assay was carried out to measure protein expression. RESULTS: miR-1271-5p was significantly decreased in OC and its down-regulation was associated with the grave outcome of OC patients. Upregulation of miR-1271-5p inhibited cell viability, but miR-1271-5p knockdown promoted the proliferation of OC cells. TIAM1 was a direct target gene of miR-1271-5p and expressed in OC tissues at higher level. High expression of TIAM1 induced the poorer prognosis of patients with OC. Further functional analyses showed that the suppressive role of miR-1271-5p on OC cell malignant behaviors was overturned by the upregulation of TIAM1. The protein levels of Cyclin D1, HES1, NOTCH and NUMB were remarkably changed due to the abnormal expression of miR-1271-5p and TIAM1. CONCLUSION: To sum up, miR-1271-5p inhibits proliferation, invasion and migration of OC cells by directly repressing TIAM1 to inactivate the Notch signaling pathway, which provides an alternative therapeutic candidate for the advancement of OC treatment.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21924, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease that is slowly becoming a global problem. Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) has a history of thousands of years of use in China. In recent years, SM has been reported to have the effect of improving Alzheimer's disease. However, there is no systematic review of its efficacy and safety yet. Therefore, we propose a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SM for AD patients. METHODS: Six databases will be searched: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biological Medicine (CBM), China Scientific Journals Database (CSJD), Wanfang database, PubMed, and EMBASE. The information is searched from January 2010 to July 2020. Languages are limited to English and Chinese. The primary outcomes include changes in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) and Activities of Daily Living scale (ADL). Additional outcomes include clinical effective rate and adverse event rate. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system will be used to assess the strength of the evidence. RESULTS: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of SM in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides evidence as to whether SM is effective and safe for Alzheimer's disease patients. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY202070066.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22044, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a global health threat for centuries. In recent years, a rising resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to current standard artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) leads to increasing treatment failures and requires for optimized treatment. Here, we intend to make a systematic review and meta-analysis of optimizing treatment for malaria, so as to find a potential optimal treatment. METHODS: We will search electronic databases: the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group (CIDG) Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CEN-TRAL), PubMed, Embase, Web of Science from their inception to 1 July, 2020. We will also search International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) and ClinicalTrials.gov, and contact with authors when necessary. Two authors will independently collect and select data, and the statistical analyses will be conducted by Revman V.5.3 software. RESULTS: We will evaluate efficacy and safety of modified ACTs for uncomplicate malaria, comparing with standard ACTs in all eligible clinical studies. CONCLUSION: In this study, we will offer clinical evidence for optimizing treatment for malaria. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070115.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Artemisininas/uso terapêutico , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/parasitologia , Masculino , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Segurança , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
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