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1.
Exp Hematol ; 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442465

RESUMO

Auer rod-like inclusions are rarely seen in B-cell neoplasms patients. Here, we present a case of B-cell lymphoma with Auer rod-like inclusions in lymphoma cells. By light and transmission electron microscopy, these structures closely resembled Auer rods which were found in acute myeloid leukemia. The Auer rod-like inclusions were negative for cytochemical staining of MPO, α-naphthyl acetate esterase, and periodic acid-Schiff. Immunostaining and flow cytometric analysis confirmed monoclonal Kappa-positive malignant lymphocytes. Interestingly, the Auer rod-like inclusions exhibited diverse ultrastructural features, which ranged from fusiform, to needle-shape, to round, to crystalline cuboid, to long rod, to short rod and others; some were membrane structures, some membrane-free dense structures, and some lamellar structures. The patient was diagnosed with B-cell lymphoma with bone marrow infiltration.

2.
Nutr Cancer ; 71(6): 1007-1018, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032633

RESUMO

Resistance to chemotherapy drugs, such as adriamycin (ADR), is a common problem in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. We hypothesized that the natural compound resveratrol (Res) may reverse AML drug resistance through the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 pathway. We investigated the in vitro effect of Res using human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and the ADR-resistant cell line (HL-60/ADR) and treated with either Res or ADR + Res. Cellular proliferation inhibition rate, auto-fluorescence intensity of ADR in HL-60/ADR cells and HL-60 cells, mRNA expression of Nrf2 and the drug-resistant gene MRP1, and protein expression of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, Nrf2, and MRP1 were measured. Results showed ADR + Res had a more significant inhibitory effect than ADR alone on HL-60/ADR cells. Auto-fluorescence intensity of ADR in HL-60/ADR cells treated with ADR + Res significantly increased. No difference of the auto-fluorescence intensity of ADR was observed in HL-60 cells treated with ADR and ADR + Res. mRNA expression of Nrf2 and MRP1 significantly decreased in HL-60/ADR cells treated with both Res and ADR + Res; protein expression of PI3K, p-Akt, Nrf2, and MRP1 significantly decreased in HL-60/ADR cells treated with PI3K inhibitor, Res and ADR + Res. In conclusion, Res reverses the drug resistance of AML HL-60/ADR cells through regulation of the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway and MRP1 expression.

3.
Nanoscale ; 10(6): 2774-2780, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29323375

RESUMO

A lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is regarded as the most promising candidate for next generation energy storage systems, because of its high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mA h g-1) and specific energy (2500 W h kg-1), as well as the abundance, low cost and environmental benignity of sulfur. However, the soluble polysulfides Li2Sx (4 ≤ x ≤ 8) produced during the discharge process can cause the so-called "shuttle effect" and lead to low coulombic efficiency and rapid capacity fading of the batteries, which seriously restrict their practical application. Using porous materials as hosts to immobilize the polysulfides is proved to be an effective strategy. In this article, a dual functional cage-like metal-organic framework (Cu-MOF), Cu-TDPAT, combining the Lewis basic sites from the nitrogen atoms of the ligand H6TDPAT with the Lewis acidic sites from Cu(ii) open metal sites (OMSs), was employed as the sulfur host in a Li-S battery for lithium ions and polysulfide anions (Sx2-). In addition, the size of nano-Cu-TDPAT was also optimized by microwave synthesis to reduce the internal resistance of the batteries. The electrochemical test results showed that the optimized Cu-TDPAT material can efficiently confine the polysulfides within the MOF, and the resultant porous S@Cu-TDPAT composite cathode material with the size of 100 nm shows good cycling performance with a reversible capacity of about 745 mA h g-1 at 1C (1C = 1675 mA g-1) after 500 cycles, to the best of our knowledge, which is higher than those of all reported S@MOF cathode materials. The DFT calculation and XPS data indicate that the good cycling performance mainly results from the dual functional binding sites (that is, Lewis acid and base sites) in nanoporous Cu-TDPAT, providing the comprehensive and robust interaction with the polysulfides to overcome their dissolution and diffusion into the electrolyte. Clearly, our work provides a good example of designing MOFs with suitable interaction sites for the polysulfides to achieve S@MOF cathode materials with excellent cycling performance by multiple synergistic effects between nanoporous host MOFs and the polysulfides.

4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 25(3): 736-742, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of apoptosis for resvertrol-mediated reversing the drug-resistance of AML HL-60/ADR cells. METHODS: The HL-60/ADR cells were divided into 4 groups: control group, adriamycin (ADR)-treated group, resveratrol(Res)-treated group and ADR+Res-treated group. The inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 method. The auto-fluorescence intensity of intracellular ADR and the apoptotic rate of HL-60/ADR cells were detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression levels of multidrug-resistance associated protein-1(MRP1), anti-apoptotic gene BCL-2 and pro-apoptotic gene BAX were analyzed by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. The protein expression levels of MRP1, BCL-2 and BAX were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The maximal inhibition rates of cell proliferation were 44%, 61%, 76% and 81%, respectively in different concentration of Res (25, 50, 100, 200 µmol/L) and with concentration-dependent manner(r=0.876, P<0.05). Compared with ADR group (IC50: 8.534±1.111 µmol/L), the half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of HL-60/ADR cells [(1.591±0.373) µmol/L] decreased significantly in ADR+Res group(P<0.05). The auto-fluorescence intensity of ADR in HL-60/ADR cells of ADR+Res group increased significantly (P<0.05). The apoptotic rate of HL-60/ADR cells in Res or ADR+Res group increased significantly (P<0.05). The mRNA expression levels of MRP1 and Bcl-2 in Res or ADR+Res groups decreased and BAX increased significantly (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of MRP1 and BCL-2 were decreased, BAX increased significantly in Res or ADR+Res group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Resveratrol shows the effect of reversing the drug resisitance of HL-60/ADR cells in acute myeloid leukemia, possibly via promoting the apoptosis of HL-60/ADR cells and inhibiting the expression of MRP1, which may be related with the inhibition of BCL-2 expression and the promotion of BAX expression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Resveratrol
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