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1.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 359: 109422, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634729

RESUMO

Ham fermentation relies on environmental and indigenous microorganisms forming a rich microbiome, which is pivotal to taste and flavor formation. Previous studies have focused on the appearance of differences of microorganisms and metabolites, this study aims to establish the relationship between microorganisms and metabolites over a period of two years in the fermentation of hams from Jinghua (JH2), Xuanwei (XW2), Rugao (RG2), Iberian (IB2) and Parma (PA2). We profiled bacterial communities by sequencing the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA genes and metabolites were analyzed using LC-Q-TOF-MS. LefSe analysis showed that different biomarkers in five ham groups. OPLS analysis showed that most differential metabolites are amino acids and were associated with four metabolic pathways. Correlation analysis implies a firm positive relationship between microorganisms and metabolites. This study provides novel insights into the taste and flavor quality of dry-cured hams of different origins due to fermentation.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633622

RESUMO

Hydrodynamic mixing is one of the important environment factors in determining phytoplankton community compositions. Here the influences of continuous hydrodynamic mixing on abundance, morphology, and dominance of Microcystis were investigated in microcosm and lab experiments. Our research results showed that Cyanophyta contributed 57.16% to the total biomass in control, but Chlorophyta was the dominant group in continuous hydrodynamic mixing (CHM) group, contributing 76.54% to the total biomass in the microcosm experiment. The average number of Microcystis in control was 1.95 folds in CHM group. However, the mean abundance of Scenedesmus quadricauda and Pseudanabaena limnetica in CHM was 2.47 and 2.97 folds in control. In the lab experiment, the average number of Microcystis flos-aquae in control was 2.97 folds in CHM group. The mean size of M. flos-aquae colony in control (34.65 µm) group were significantly bigger than that in the CHM (26.78 µm) group. This research results demonstrated that continuous hydrodynamic mixing weakened the dominance of Microcystis, but was beneficial for the others algae (S. quadricauda and P. limnetica) and is helpful in understanding the effect of hydrodynamic mixing on Microcystis blooms in freshwater ecosystem.

3.
Se Pu ; 39(9): 998-1005, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486839

RESUMO

In this work, a polymer precursor was first synthesized using p-terphenyl (TP) and terephthaloyl chloride (TC) as monomers. Then, cross-linking was realized by means of a Schiff base reaction with melamine (MA) as a modifier to obtain an amine-functionalized porous organic polymer TP-TC-MA. The synthesized polymers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and point of zero charge (pHpzc) measurements, as well as on the basis of nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. Adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the adsorption properties of TP-TC-MA for methyl orange (MO), a typical anionic azo dye that has widespread industrial application. The amount of MO adsorbed on TP-TC-MA was evaluated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy at a wavelength of 463 nm. Microscopic analysis revealed that the as-synthesized polymer had an aggregated particle-shaped structure. XRD spectra confirmed that TP-TC-MA was an amorphous polymer, consistent with the results of high-resolution TEM experiments. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area and total pore volume of TP-TC-MA were determined as 708.5 m 2/g and 0.556 cm3/g, respectively. The measured pHpzc of TP-TC-MA was 4.0, probably because of the abundant nitrogen-containing groups provided by MA. The factors affecting adsorption, such as pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, initial pollutant concentration, and ionic strength, were investigated. Because of the protonation of the N-atom in TP-TC-MA, the pH had a strong impact on the adsorption of MO. The removal efficiency could be maximized at the optimized pH of 3.0. The adsorption equilibrium isotherm, measured at 25 ℃ and a concentration of 50-500 mg/L, showed that the MO adsorption over TP-TC-MA followed the Langmuir isotherm, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 156.3 mg/g. The modeling of the experimental adsorption data was consistent with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, which indicated fast adsorption and chemisorption as the dominant mechanism. With increasing ionic strength, the adsorption of MO slightly decreased, suggesting a partial antagonistic ion effect. Results of the selectivity study revealed that TP-TC-MA was more selective toward MO than methylene blue (MB), which indicated that electrostatic interactions played a significant role during the adsorption progress. Five adsorption-desorption cycles showed that TP-TC-MA could be regenerated without significant deterioration of its adsorption efficiency, indicating that it has good stability and reusability. The observed adsorption performance indicated that this MA-modified porous organic polymer offers prospects for further research and application in the treatment of dye-containing wastewaters.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Compostos Azo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Porosidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Triazinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(80): 10343-10346, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528980

RESUMO

Herein, a rapid approach toward the size/morphology-controlled synthesis of [Cu(L-mal)(bipy)·2H2O] (CuLBH) was developed by adjusting the concentrations of 2-methylimidazole (2-MI) and copper ions. The chiral separation efficiency test indicated that the nano-diameter CuLBH exhibited better selective potential towards (±)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethanol (NE) by providing more fully exposed recognition sites. In order to further improve the selectivity for NE enantiomers and avoid the aggregation of MOF nanoparticles, the nanosized CuLBH-decorated carboxylated cellulose (CC) composite CC-CuLBH was designed by controlling the ratio of the solvent and Cu2+, which exhibited much higher enantioselectivity than those of pristine CC and even nano CuLBH.

5.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 368(18)2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543394

RESUMO

Small RNAs (sRNAs) are essential virulent regulators in Salmonella typhimurium (STM). To explore the role of sRNA STnc150 in regulating STM virulence, we constructed a STnc150 deletion strain (ΔSTnc150) and its complementary strain (ΔSTnc150/C). Then, we compared their characteristics to their original parent strain experimentally, identified the target genes of STnc150 and determined the expression levels of target genes. The results showed that the ΔSTnc150 strain exhibited delayed biofilm formation, enhanced adhesion to macrophages, significantly reduced LD50, increased liver and spleen viral loads and more vital pathological damaging ability than its parent and complementary strains. Further, bioinformatics combined with the bacterial dual plasmid reporter system confirmed that the bases 72-88 of STnc150 locating at the secondary stem-loop structure of the STnc150 are complementary with the bases 1-19 in the 5'-terminal of fimA mRNA of the type 1 fimbriae subunit. Western blot analysis showed that fimA protein level was increased in STnc150 strain compared with its parent and complementary strains. Together, this study suggested that STnc150 can down-regulate STM fimA expression at the translation level, which provided insights into the regulatory mechanisms of sRNAs in virulence of STM.

6.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 5519330, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545285

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of lycopene-loaded microemulsion (LME) on the cognitive function and neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus and subventricular (SVZ) region of rats with amyloid ß- (Aß-) induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its mechanism based on the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Methods: Healthy Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the blank control (CON), AD control, traditional lycopene (LOO), and LME groups. The CON and AD groups were fed with normal saline, while the LOO group was fed with traditional lycopene, and the LME group was fed with lycopene-loaded microemulsion. Behavioral tests were performed after three weeks of gastric administration. Immunofluorescence-labeled cells were used to observe the differentiation and maturation of new nerve cells in the DG of the hippocampus and SVZ region. qRT-PCR and Western blotting detected the expression of neurogenesis genes and Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related proteins, respectively. Results: On the Morris water maze test, LME rats had significantly shortened movement trajectory on the searching platform, reduced escape latency time, and increased residence time on the original platform quadrant. In addition, more LME rats crossed the platform when it was removed. Thus, LME can improve the spatial learning and memory of Aß-induced AD rats. On qRT-PCR, LME significantly increased Reelin, Nestin, and Pax6 gene expressions, which regulate neurogenesis. Immunofluorescence showed that LME could significantly increase BrdU+, Dcx+, BrdU+/Neun+, BrdU+/Dcx+ cells in the DG and SVZ regions, thus promoting neurogenesis. LME also reduced the number of Iba1+ and Iba1+/BrdU+ cells, thus reducing the neuroinflammatory response. On Western blot, LME upregulated the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by upregulating Wnt3a, ß-catenin, Disheveled (Dvl), and p-GSK3ß and downregulating p-ß-catenin and GSK3ß. Conclusion: LME attenuates cognitive impairment in Aß-induced AD rats by promoting neurogenesis in the hippocampus and SVZ region through upregulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

7.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt A): 111971, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481819

RESUMO

Intimately coupled photocatalysis and biodegradation (ICPB) is an attractive novel technology for the mineralization and detoxification of persistent organics. Good photocatalytic performance is essential for an advanced ICPB operation, and the photocatalyst coating and illumination conditions are strong determining factors. In this work, response surface methodology (RSM) involving the central composite design (CCD) was employed to discover optimal operating conditions, by using tetracycline hydrochloride (TCH) as the model pollutant. Polyvinyl butyral (PVB) was employed to form an adhesion layer, enhancing P25 TiO2 activity and stability. We achieved the optimal coating conditions with a mixing time of 20 h, TiO2 dosage of 8 g/L, and PVB concentration of 0.5 wt.%. The optimum running conditions for an ICPB-reactor were found to be at a carrier volume ratio of 40% and light intensity of 6000 µw/cm2. These conditions were essential for the production of desired intermediates and functional microbial survival. At the optimized parameters ranges, ∼98% TCH removal and ∼40% mineralization was achieved, and the inhibition on Q67 illuminance was only 30.32%. This is the first work on optimizing the fabrication and operation of ICPB, which is meaningful for the application of ICPB in practical engineering.

8.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 368, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melatonin is considered a potential plant growth regulator to enhance the growth of plants and increase tolerance to various abiotic stresses. Nevertheless, melatonin's role in mediating stress response in different plant species and growth cycles still needs to be explored. This study was conducted to understand the impact of different melatonin concentrations (0, 50, 100, and 150 µM) applied as a soil drench to maize seedling under drought stress conditions. A decreased irrigation approach based on watering was exposed to maize seedling after drought stress was applied at 40-45% of field capacity. RESULTS: The results showed that drought stress negatively affected the growth behavior of maize seedlings, such as reduced biomass accumulation, decreased photosynthetic pigments, and enhanced the malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, melatonin application enhanced plant growth; alleviated ROS-induced oxidative damages by increasing the photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant enzyme activities, relative water content, and osmo-protectants of maize seedlings. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin treatment also enhanced the stomatal traits, such as stomatal length, width, area, and the number of pores under drought stress conditions. Our data suggested that 100 µM melatonin application as soil drenching could provide a valuable foundation for improving plant tolerance to drought stress conditions.


Assuntos
Melatonina/farmacologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/farmacologia , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomassa , Clorofila/metabolismo , Secas , Estresse Oxidativo , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estômatos de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômatos de Plantas/ultraestrutura , Prolina/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Açúcares/metabolismo , Zea mays/enzimologia , Zea mays/fisiologia
9.
Dalton Trans ; 50(35): 12188-12196, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382986

RESUMO

Because of direct π-π interactions and excessive energy resonance transfer, it is very challenging to prepare carbon dots (CDs) with a high fluorescence quantum yield (QY) in the solid state. In this study, novel CDs which gave solid-state fluorescence (SSF) with high brightness were successfully prepared via a simple microwave-assisted method. The prepared ScCDs can emit strong blue fluorescence in the solid state, and the absolute QY of this ScCDs powder reaches 51.7%. Such a high QY means that the ScCDs powder could be successfully applied in rapid latent fingerprint (LFP) detection. The LFP detection performance of this ScCDs powder was studied in detail, and the results show that the LFPs developed using the ScCDs powder can be visualized with high definition and contrast under different conditions. This research not only developed a new type of SSF-emitting CDs, but it also proved that the developed CDs have great potential for applications in LFP detection, and this research may also provide inspiration and ideas for the design of new SSF-emitting CDs.

10.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374467

RESUMO

Compelling evidences suggest that transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) can be therapeutically effective for central nervous system (CNS) injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. The therapeutic effect of BM-MSCs mainly attributes to their differentiation into neuron-like cells which replace injured and degenerative neurons. Importantly, the neurotrophic factors released from BM-MSCs can also rescue injured and degenerative neurons, which plays a biologically pivotal role in enhancing neuroregeneration and neurological functional recovery. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), the main bioactive ingredient extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Chuanxiong, has been reported to promote the neuronal differentiation of BM-MSCs. This study aimed to investigate whether TMP regulates the release of neurotrophic factors from BM-MSCs. We examined the effect of TMP on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) released from BM-MSCs and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanism. Our results demonstrated that TMP at concentrations of lower than 200 µM increased the release of BDNF in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the effect of TMP on increasing the release of BDNF from BM-MSCs was blocked by inhibiting the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) pathway. Therefore, we concluded that TMP could induce the release of BDNF from BM-MSCs through activation of the PI3K/AKT/CREB pathway, leading to the formation of neuroprotective and proneurogenic microenvironment. These findings suggest that TMP possesses novel therapeutic potential to promote neuroprotection and neurogenesis through improving the neurotrophic ability of BM-MSCs, which provides a promising nutritional prevention and treatment strategy for CNS injuries and neurodegenerative diseases via the transplantation of TMP-treated BM-MSCs.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(15): 10734-10743, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270224

RESUMO

Ru catalysts have attracted increasing attention in catalytic oxidation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs). However, the development of Ru catalysts with high activity and thermal stability for CVOC oxidation still poses significant challenges due to their restrictive relationship. Herein, a strategy for constructing surface defects on Co3O4 support by acid etching was utilized to strengthen the interaction between active RuOx species and the Co3O4 support. Consequently, both the dispersity and thermal stability of RuOx species were significantly improved, achieving both high activity and stability of Ru catalysts for CVOC oxidation. The optimized Ru catalyst on the HF-etched Co3O4 support (Ru/Co3O4-F) achieved complete oxidation of vinyl chloride at 260 °C under 30 000 mL·g-1·h-1, which was lower than 300 °C for the Ru catalyst on the original Co3O4 (Ru/Co3O4). More importantly, the Ru species on the Ru/Co3O4-F catalyst were hardly lost after calcination at 500-700 °C and even reacting at 650 °C for 120 h. On this basis, the polychlorinated byproducts over the Ru/Co3O4-F catalyst were almost completely effaced by phosphate modification on the catalyst surface. These findings show that the method combining acid etching of the support and phosphate modification provides a strategy for the advancement of catalyst design for CVOC oxidation.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Catálise , Oxirredução , Fosfatos
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4170, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234130

RESUMO

Genome organization is driven by forces affecting transcriptional state, but the relationship between transcription and genome architecture remains unclear. Here, we identified the Drosophila transcription factor Motif 1 Binding Protein (M1BP) in physical association with the gypsy chromatin insulator core complex, including the universal insulator protein CP190. M1BP is required for enhancer-blocking and barrier activities of the gypsy insulator as well as its proper nuclear localization. Genome-wide, M1BP specifically colocalizes with CP190 at Motif 1-containing promoters, which are enriched at topologically associating domain (TAD) borders. M1BP facilitates CP190 chromatin binding at many shared sites and vice versa. Both factors promote Motif 1-dependent gene expression and transcription near TAD borders genome-wide. Finally, loss of M1BP reduces chromatin accessibility and increases both inter- and intra-TAD local genome compaction. Our results reveal physical and functional interaction between CP190 and M1BP to activate transcription at TAD borders and mediate chromatin insulator-dependent genome organization.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Linhagem Celular , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Sequenciamento de Cromatina por Imunoprecipitação , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Genoma de Inseto , Elementos Isolantes/genética , Masculino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA-Seq , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304532

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the treatment effect of oral and oropharyngeal cancer resection through oral approach. Methods:Forty-eight patients who with oral and oropharyngeal cancer were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2015 to January 2018, and all received preoperative chemotherapy, surgical treatment and postoperative radiotherapy. Among them, twenty-four patients who were treated with tumor resection through oral approach in the experimental group, the other twenty-four patients were treated with tumor resection by external approach in the control group. During the operation, both groups of patients were underwent selective neck lymph node dissection and free skin flap transplantation, and preventive radiotherapy were performed after the operation. The operation time, blood loss, and the positive rate of the wound around the wound and the undercut margin of the two groups were compared, and the survival rate of the skin flap was analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate after 3 years of regular follow-up after surgery, and the difference between the curves of the two surgical methods were compared by the Log-rank test, and the quality of life of patients in one year after operation was investigated and analyzed by Washington University students'quality questionnaire 4. Results:The operation time and blood loss of the experimental group were less than the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05). The positive rate of frozen margins in both groups was 0. The flap survival rate was 95.8% in the experimental group and 91.7% in the control group, there was no significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05), the overall flap survival rate in the two groups was 93.8%. The survival rates of the experimental group were 91.7%, 83.3%, and 74.8% in the 1-, 2-, and 3-years after surgery, and 87.5%, 79.2%, and 75.0% in the control group, there was no statistically significant difference between the experimental group and the control group(P>0.05). The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rates of the two groups were 93.1%, 83.7% and 78.8% respectively. Compared with the control group, the scores of appearance, activity, recreation, swallowing, chewing, speech and mood in the experimental group were significantly higher(P<0.05). Conclusion:Resection of oral cancer tumors through the oral approach with free skin flap repair is in line with the concept of minimally invasive surgery, which improves the quality of life of patients after surgery while ensuring the survival rate, and is worthy of clinical application and promotion.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Humanos , Esvaziamento Cervical , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071298

RESUMO

Chemotherapeutic agents, which contain the Michael acceptor, are potent anticancer molecules by promoting intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. In this study, we synthesized a panel of PL (piperlongumine) analogs with chlorine attaching at C2 and an electron-withdrawing/electron-donating group attaching to the aromatic ring. The results displayed that the strong electrophilicity group at the C2-C3 double bond of PL analogs plays an important role in the cytotoxicity whereas the electric effect of substituents, which attached to the aromatic ring, partly contributed to the anticancer activity. Moreover, the protein containing sulfydryl or seleno, such as TrxR, could be irreversibly inhibited by the C2-C3 double bond of PL analogs, and boost intracellular ROS generation. Then, the ROS accumulation could disrupt the redox balance, induce lipid peroxidation, lead to the loss of MMP (Mitochondrial Membrane Potential), and ultimately result in cell cycle arrest and A549 cell line death. In conclusion, PL analogs could induce in vitro cancer apoptosis through the inhibition of TrxR and ROS accumulation.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Dioxolanos/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cloro/química , Elétrons , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Oxirredução , Sais de Tetrazólio/química , Tiazóis/química , Tiorredoxina Dissulfeto Redutase/metabolismo
15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13109, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162906

RESUMO

Breastfeeding influences the immune system development in infants and may even affect various immunological responses later in life. Breast milk provides a rich source of early nutrition for infant growth and development. However, the presence of certain compounds in breast milk, related to an unhealthy lifestyle or the diet of lactating mothers, may negatively impact infants. Based on a cohort study of atopic dermatitis (AD), we find the presence of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) activity in the mother's milk. By non-targeted metabolomic analysis, we identify the long-chain saturated fatty acids (LCSFA) as a biomarker DAMPs (+) breast milk samples. Similarly, a mouse model in which breastfed offspring are fed milk high in LCSFA show AD onset later in life. We prove that LCSFA are a type of damage-associated molecular patterns, which initiate a series of inflammatory events in the gut involving type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s). A remarkable increase in inflammatory ILC3s is observed in the gut, and the migration of these ILC3s to the skin may be potential triggers of AD. Gene expression analysis of ILC3s isolated from the gut reveal upregulation of genes that increase ILC3s and chemokines/chemokine receptors, which may play a role in ILC migration to the skin. Even in the absence of adaptive immunity, Rag1 knockout mice fed a high-LCSFA milk diet develop eczema, accompanied by increased gut ILC3s. We also present that gut microbiota of AD-prone PA milk-fed mice is different from non-AD OA/ND milk-fed mice. Here, we propose that early exposure to LCSFAs in infants may affect the balance of intestinal innate immunity, inducing a highly inflammatory environment with the proliferation of ILC3s and production of interleukin-17 and interleukin-22, these factors may be potential triggers or worsening factors of AD.

16.
Cancer Sci ; 112(9): 3507-3519, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050696

RESUMO

Necroptosis is an alternative form of programmed cell death that generally occurs under apoptosis-deficient conditions. Our previous work showed that connexin32 (Cx32) promotes the malignant progress of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by enhancing the ability of resisting apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Whether triggering necroptosis is a promising strategy to eliminate the apoptosis-resistant HCC cells with high Cx32 expression remains unknown. In this study, we found that Cx32 expression was positively correlated with the expression of necroptosis protein biomarkers in human HCC specimens, cell lines, and a xenograft model. Treatment with shikonin, a well-used necroptosis inducer, markedly caused necroptosis in HCC cells. Interestingly, overexpressed Cx32 exacerbated shikonin-induced necroptosis, but downregulation of Cx32 alleviated necroptosis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, Cx32 was found to bind to Src and promote Src-mediated caspase 8 phosphorylation and inactivation, which ultimately reduced the activated caspase 8-mediated proteolysis of receptor-interacting serine-threonine protein kinase 1/3, the key molecule for necroptosis activation. In conclusion, we showed that Cx32 contributed to the activation of necroptosis in HCC cells through binding to Src and then mediating the inactivation of caspase 8. The present study suggested that necroptosis inducers could be more favorable than apoptosis inducers to eliminate HCC cells with high expression of Cx32.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Conexinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Necroptose/genética , Coativador 1 de Receptor Nuclear/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Conexinas/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Naftoquinonas/administração & dosagem , Necroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Coativador 1 de Receptor Nuclear/genética , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transfecção , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Tumoral/genética
17.
Yi Chuan ; 43(4): 350-361, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972209

RESUMO

Vibrio alginolyticus is a Gram-negative bacillus that causes vibriosis to human and aquatic products, including fish, shrimp and shellfish. It poses a threat to public health and causes enormous economic losses to the aquaculture industry. However, research on genetic diversity and pathogenicity-related genetic elements based on whole genome is still lacking. In this study, sixty-eight strains of V. alginolyticus were collected from four provinces of China and the whole genome sequences were obtained. Combined with 113 publicly available genome sequences downloaded from NCBI, we inferred the population structure of V. alginolyticus by using fineSTRUCTURE software, and identified the virulence and antibiotic resistance factors using the VFDB, CARD and ResFinder database. The results indicated that V. alginolyticus included two main lineages, named Lineage 1 and Lineage 2. Both lineages distributed in America and Asia, but all the European genomes were classified into Lineage 1. A single cross-ocean transmission event was inferred from one of the 12 identified clonal groups in our dataset. V. alginolyticus genome contains a variety of virulence factors, such as tlh, OmpU, and IlpA, etc. The distribution of virulence factors revealed no lineage-specificity, but some of which revealed differences in their geographical distribution. A lower frequency of VP1611, vcrD, vopD, fleR/flrC and a higher frequency of IlpA were observed in genomes of Europe than other continents. In China, a lower frequency of fleR/flrC, and no IlpA were observed in genomes from Guangxi province. Among the identified antibiotic resistance genes, TxR and fos are significantly enriched in Lineage 2. In addition, TxR is more common in genomes from Asia, compared with the American and European genomes. But in China, the frequency of TxR in Sichuan genomes is much lower than in other provinces. We also found that large fragments of plasmids or ICEs that carried multiple drug resistance genes were present in five V. alginolyticus genomes (VA24, VA28, 2014V-1011, ZJ-T and Vb1833). Based on population genomics analysis, our study delineated the population structure, distribution of virulence and antibiotic resistance related factors of V. alginolyticus, which lays a foundation for future study of genetic characters and pathogenesis mechanism of this pathogen and will improve the works on monitoring, prevention and control of this pathogen.


Assuntos
Metagenômica , Vibrio alginolyticus , Animais , Ásia , China , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Vibrio alginolyticus/genética
18.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 48(3): 345-351, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electromyographic biofeedback (EMG BF) training is an effective method of promoting motor learning and control in neurorehabilitation, but its effect on quadriceps femoris muscle in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of EMG BF training on motor function of quadriceps femoris in patients with incomplete SCI. METHODS: Thirty-three incomplete paraplegic patients with quadriceps femoris strength ranging grade 1 to grade 3 less than 6 months post-injury were enrolled. Control group (n = 16) received conventional physical therapy to enhance quadriceps femoris strength, while intervention group (n = 17) was treated with conventional physical therapy and EMG BF training. All received treatment once a day for 30 days. Surface electromyograph (sEMG), muscle strength and thigh circumference size were assessed to evaluate motor function of quadriceps femoris. Activities of daily living (ADL) was evaluated by Modified Barthel Index (MBI). All the measures evaluated three times in total. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, intervention group significantly improved on sEMG values and strength of quadriceps femoris (PsEMG < 0.001, Pstrength < 0.05). sEMG values of quadriceps femoris increased earlier than strength of quadriceps femoris in intervention group (Prest = 0.07, Pactive = 0.031). There were no statistical differences in thigh circumference size and ADL scores between groups (Pthigh > 0.05, PADL = 0.423). CONCLUSIONS: EMG BF training appeared to be a useful tool to enhance motor function of quadriceps femoris in patients with incomplete SCI. sEMG could quantify the changes of single muscle myodynamia precisely before visible or touchable changes occur.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia/métodos , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Reabilitação Neurológica/métodos , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular
19.
J Org Chem ; 86(9): 6478-6485, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887911

RESUMO

Hypaluton A (1), an unprecedented nor-polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol (PPAP) bearing a new 8/6 bicyclic architecture, along with a new congener, hypaluton B (2), was obtained from Hypericum patulum. Their structures were confirmed by spectroscopic analyses, quantum-chemical 13C NMR calculations, electronic circular dichroism comparisons, and calculations. Hypaluton A is the first PPAP possessing an unparalleled 3,4-nor-bicyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol (BPAP) scaffold, which might be derived from the common [5.3.1]-type-BPAP by losing seven carbons (C-3/4 of the acylphloroglucinol core and the isoprenyl at C-3) via the breakage at C-4-C-5 and C-2-C-3 bonds in the acylphloroglucinol core, together with the benzoyl migration through the hemiketalization/retro-Claisen cascade. More significantly, compound 1 is also the first discovered [6.3.0]-PPAP, which displayed pronounced inhibitory activity against lipopolysaccharide-induced B lymphocyte proliferation.


Assuntos
Hypericum , Dicroísmo Circular , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Floroglucinol
20.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 34(4): 566-568, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creating a functional neovagina is a practical therapeutic intervention for women with congenital vaginal agenesis and sexual needs. Although the incidence of neovaginal prolapse (NP) is low, it is inconvenient for patients and is a challenging problem for gynecologists. CASE: A 32-year-old woman who had undergone transabdominal sigmoid vaginoplasty 10 years previously at another hospital visited our clinic for evaluation and treatment of NP. Gynecological examination showed exstrophy of the vaginal apex, 4 cm beyond the hymen. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy was performed using a mesh. The mesh was sutured at the anterior wall and apex of the neovagina and suspended in the anterior sacral region without blood vessels. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy might be an effective and safe treatment for NP.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Vagina/anormalidades , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Próteses e Implantes , Telas Cirúrgicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Vagina/cirurgia
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