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1.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104652, 2020 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512149

RESUMO

Five sesterterpenes (1-5) including two new compounds (1 and 2), as well as a new (6) and a known macrolide (7) were isolated from the endophytic fungus Aplosporella javeedii. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by analysis of their 1D and 2D NMR and HRMS data as well as by comparison with the literature. Compound 4 and its acetyl derivatives 4a, 4b, 4c which were prepared by acetylation of 4 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against the mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y with IC50 values ranging from 6.2 to 12.8 µM, respectively. Moreover, 4a and 4c exhibited also cytotoxicity against human leukemia (Jurkat J16) and lymphoma (Ramos) cell lines. Compound 7 showed strong cytotoxicity against the L5178Y cell line, as well as against human Jurkat J16 and Ramos cells with IC50 values of 0.4, 5.8, and 4.4 µM, respectively. Mechanistic studies indicated that 7 induces apoptotic cell death. In addition, compounds 3, 4 and 7 showed low antibacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and compound 6 against Staphylococcus aureus, respectively, with MICs of 100 µM. Preliminary structure-activity relationships are discussed.

2.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104674, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561423

RESUMO

Three new sesquiterpenoids (1-3) and four new benzofuran dimers (+)-4 and (-)-4, (+)-5 and (-)-5, and four known benzofuran dimers (+)-6 and (-)-6, (+)-7 and (-)-7 were isolated from the underground parts of Eupatorium chinense. The enantiomers of racemates (±)-4 ~ (±)-7 were separated by chiral HPLC columns, and their absolute configurations were determined by circular dichroism experiments. The structures of all new compounds were elucidated on the basis of their NMR, and MS data as well as by comparison with literature values. The all of the isolated compounds were tested in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against the Caski, MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cancer cell lines.

3.
Liver Transpl ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542994

RESUMO

It has been shown that normothermic machine perfusion (NMP), a novel preservation method, is able to assess and resuscitate liver grafts with risk factors. However, there is no consistent criteria for assessment of liver graft with NMP. Ischemia-free liver transplantation (IFLT) includes innovative surgical techniques and NMP, which can protect liver grafts from ischemia throughout organ procurement, preservation and implantation. In our center, 28 human livers from donation after brain death (DBD) were subjected to IFLT between July 2017 and October 2018. Correlation between post-transplant liver function tests with the perfusion parameters, blood gas analysis of perfusate and bile biochemistry were analyzed. During preservation phase, the vascular flow was stable and the lactate level decreased rapidly. The transaminase release in the perfusate was stably low, while the glucose level maintained a high level. The perfusate lactate and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels at one hour of perfusion were correlated with the post-transplant peak AST level. There were negative correlations between the portal vein/hepatic artery flow at the end of perfusion and the peak transaminase levels within 7 days post-transplantation. In conclusion, during IFLT, NMP is able to bridge the liver grafts from donors to recipients and can allow the assessment of liver function by perfusion characteristics.

4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 163: 112277, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421628

RESUMO

Electrochemical immunoassay (ECIA) is an important method for rapid, on-site detection of various analytes. However, its detection sensitivity is greatly limited by the traditional sandwich-type sensor construction mode, especially in the case of large-size targets such as pathogenic bacteria with micron size. Herein, we developed a Faraday cage-type sensing mode to build an electrochemical immunosensor based on a functionalized two-dimensional conductive nanomaterial, which could provide a platform to assemble a large number of electrochemical signal labels and a good support for the expansion of electrode surface. Electrons could flow between the electrode and the conductive nanomaterial and then exchange with all signal labels immobilized without the hindrance of non-conductive large-size targets, resulting in a significant signal amplification. In addition, first time integration with fast scan anodic stripping voltammetry (FSASV) allowed for further enhanced ECIA signal. Benefitting from both the Faraday cage-type sensing mode and the high scan rate 100 V s-1 of FSASV, electrochemical signal was effectively amplified several hundred times with a limit of quantitation (LOQ) of 1 CFU mL-1 for micron-sized pathogenic bacteria Vibrio parahemolyticus (VP). This work sheds lights on advancing the design of next-generation ECIA or other redox-related immunoassays with ultrahigh sensitivity, especially for large-size targets.

7.
BMJ Open ; 10(5): e035374, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376754

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During conventional liver transplantation (CLT), ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is inevitable and is associated with complications such as early allograft dysfunction (EAD), primary non-function and ischaemic-type biliary lesions. We have established a novel procedure called ischaemia-free liver transplantation (IFLT). The results from a pilot study suggest that IFLT might prevent IRI and yield better transplant outcomes than CLT. The purpose of this study was to further assess the efficacy and safety of IFLT versus CLT in patients with end-stage liver disease. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an investigator-initiated, open-label, phase III, prospective, single-centre randomised controlled trial on the effects of IFLT in patients with end-stage liver disease. Adult patients (aged 18-75 years) eligible for liver transplantation will be screened for participation in this trial and will be randomised between the IFLT group (n=34) and the CLT group (n=34). In the IFLT group, the donor liver will be procured, preserved and implanted with continuous normothermic machine perfusion (NMP). In the CLT group, the donor liver will be procured after a fast cold flush, preserved in 0°C-4°C solution and implanted under hypothermic and hypoxic conditions. Patients in both groups will be managed according to the standard protocol of our centre. The primary end point is the incidence of EAD after liver transplantation. Intraoperative and postoperative parameters of donor livers and recipients will be observed and recorded, and postoperative liver graft function, complications and recipient and graft survival will be evaluated. After a 12-month follow-up of the last enrolled recipient, the outcomes will be analysed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of IFLT versus CLT in patients with end-stage liver disease. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. The findings will be disseminated to the public through conference presentations and peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900021158.

8.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various training models have been developed for laparoscopic training. Inanimate models including cadavers, ex-vivo simulator, and virtual reality (VR), are less realistic and often fail to display specific events such as bleeding, bile leakage, etc. Animal models provide more realistic experience, but constraints like cost involved, anesthetic requirement, and ethical approval have limited its application. We have designed a new training ex-vivo simulator-Smagister to address these issues. METHODS: The Smagister consists of a normothermic machine perfusion platform, multivisceral organ of porcine abdominal cavity (liver, gallbladder, pancreas, stomach, intestine, kidney, uterus, bladders, etc.), high-definition display, and software system. Blood gas analysis and number of peristalsis per hour were recorded. A questionnaire was used to subjectively assess vitality of the organ cluster every hour. Three laparoscopic procedures including cholecystectomy (LC), enterotomy closure (LEC) and hepatectomy (LLR) were performed on Smagister, with demonstration of specific events for each procedure. Six experts compared the procedures with actual surgery in terms of feasibility to complete procedures and demonstration of complications. RESULTS: The fluctuation of perfusate glucose (6.1-8.2 mmol/L) and lactate (5.82-6.55 mmol/L) suggested metabolic function of the multivisceral organs. The mean number of peristalsis was 2.2/min. The simulated surgical view and anatomic structures closely resembled actual surgery during continuous perfusion (3.5 ± 1.0, 3.8 ± 0.8, respectively). The evaluation scores of haptic feedbacks were 3.8 ± 0.8, resembling live tissue handling. LC, LEC, and LLR were performed well on the Smagister, with clear display of the specific events. All six experts considered Smagister as a suitable training modality for both basic and advanced laparoscopic surgery. CONCLUSION: The amalgamation of live animal model and ex-vivo simulation in Smagister centralizes the virtue of both modalities, expands the training field, and provides high-fidelity laparoscopic training for both novice and senior surgeons.

9.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(13): 5889-5898, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356198

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose can lead to acute, severe kidney injury, which has recently attracted considerable attention among researchers and clinicians. Unfortunately, there are no well-established treatments for APAP-induced renal injury, and the molecular mechanism of APAP-induced kidney injury is still unclear. Herein, we explored the protective effects of interleukin (IL)-22 on APAP-induced renal injury and the underlying molecular basis. We found that IL-22 could significantly alleviate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ameliorate mitochondrial dysfunction, reducing APAP-induced renal tubular epithelial cell (TEC) death in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, IL-22 could downregulate the APAP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and mature IL-1ß release in kidney injury. Additionally, the APAP-mediated upregulation of the serum levels of IL-18, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß was obviously decreased, suggesting IL-22 has inhibitory effects on inflammatory responses. Conclusively, our study demonstrated that IL-22 exerted ameliorative effects on APAP-induced kidney injury by alleviating mitochondrial dysfunction and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, suggesting that IL-22 represents a potential therapeutic approach to treat APAP-induced kidney injury. KEY POINTS: • IL-22 could ameliorate APAP that triggered oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. • IL-22 could reduce APAP that caused inflammatory responses. Graphical abstract.

11.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(2): 327-331, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337693

RESUMO

This study compared Sheng Xue Ning (SXN) tablets with ferrous succinate (FS) tablets in terms of their efficacy for the treatment of iron-deficient renal anemia and safety in patients subject to maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). A total of 94 patients undergoing MHD were randomly assigned to an experiment group (receiving oral SXN tablets, SXN group) and a control group (orally given FS tablets, FS group) and followed up for 12 weeks. Erythropoietin (EPO) was used in both groups. The efficacy was assessed by detecting the subsequent changes in hemoglobin (Hb), serum iron (SI), SF and transferrin saturation (TSAT). At the 12th week, Hb and TSAT levels in both groups were significantly increased compared to those in the screening period (P<0.05). However, no significant difference in Hb and TSAT was found between the two groups. The average weekly EPO dosage used was lower in SXN group than in FS group (P<0.05) at the 10th week and the 12th week. Our study showed that SXN tablets can effectively ameliorate renal anemia and keep iron metabolism stable in MHD patients, and its efficacy is virtually close to that of FS tablets. Meanwhile, SXN tablets can reduce the dosage of EPO and have a good safety profile.

12.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e921529, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) can provide access to evaluate and resuscitate high-risk donor livers before transplantation. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of NMP in preservation and assessment of extended-criteria donor (ECD) livers in China. CASE REPORT From September 2018 to March 2019, 4 liver grafts from 3 transplant center defined as ECD were subjected to NMP, and then were transplanted successfully. During perfusion, perfusion parameters such as vascular flow, glucose level, lactate clearance, and bile production/composition were recorded to assess graft viability. All recipients were followed up 6 months after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS NMP provides a potential tool for preservation and assessment of ECD livers in China.

13.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 7318703, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148567

RESUMO

Seizure-related 6 homolog-like 2 (SEZ6L2), which is localized on the cell surface, has been found to be associated with tumor angiogenesis and lung cancer progression. However, the role of SEZ6L2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. We obtained data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) to investigate SEZ6L2 expression and regulation in HCC. Then, HCC tissue samples were collected to verify SEZ6L2 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC). Patient information was collected for survival and prognosis analysis. qRT-PCR, IHC, and bioinformatics analysis showed that the SEZ6L2 protein was highly expressed in HCC samples. Clinical data showed that high SEZ6L2 protein expression was correlated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stages (P = 0.046), tumor number (P = 0.016), and tumor size (P = 0.029). Meanwhile, SEZ6L2 overexpression was closely associated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival in HCC patients. Moreover, SEZ6L2 is an independent prognostic predictor for the survival of HCC patients. This study suggests a significant correlation between SEZ6L2 and HCC, which means that SEZ6L2 may potentially serve as a useful prognostic biomarker for HCC patients.

14.
Anal Chem ; 92(8): 6111-6120, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216270

RESUMO

Fluorescence (FL) imaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) has emerged as a promising bioimaging modality that enables noninvasive visualization of deep tissue with an unprecedented resolution. However, there is a paucity of studies on high-quality responsive NIR-II FL molecules. Herein we report a novel activated NIR-II FL molecule, 4,7-bis(5-(4-(diphenylamine)phenyl)-2-thiophene) [1,2,5]selenadiazolo[3,4-f]benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (SeTT), which exhibits fast and specific responsive capability to hypochlorous acid (HClO). To obtain the NIR-II ratiometric nanoprobe, SeTT was encapsulated on the surface of Er3+-doped down-conversion nanoparticles (DCNP), achieving the DCNP@SeTT nanoprobe. With a single 980 nm laser excitation, the ratiometric FL signal of SeTT at 1150 nm and DCNP at 1550 nm (I1150 nm/I1550 nm) was linearly correlated with the concentration of HClO with a detection limit of 0.4 µM. The ratiometric nanoprobe was successfully investigated for variations in HClO concentration in the tumor progression, visualization of anatomical structures of the peritoneal cavity in the mice model with inflammation, and quantitative detection of the HClO concentration in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis, achieving a fast response and high selectivity for the detection of HClO. The NIR-II-responsive nanoprobe can serve as a promising and effective tool for highly sensitive monitoring and imaging of HClO in living systems.

15.
Am J Transplant ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185888

RESUMO

Exhaustion of T cells limits their ability to clear chronic infections or eradicate tumors. Here, in the context of transplant, we investigated whether T cell exhaustion occurs and has a role in determining transplant outcome. A peptide/MHC tetramer-based approach was used to track exhausted CD8+ T cells in a male-to-female skin transplant model. Transplant of large whole-tail skins, but not small tail skins (0.8 cm × 0.8 cm), led to exhaustion of anti-male tetramer+ CD8+ T cells and subsequently the acceptance of skin grafts. To study CD4+ T cell exhaustion, we used the TCR-transgenic B6 TEa cells that recognize a major transplant antigen I-Eα from Balb/c mice. TEa cells were adoptively transferred either into B6 recipients that received Balb/c donor skins or into CB6F1 mice that contained an excessive amount of I-Eα antigen. Adoptively transferred TEa cells in skin-graft recipients were not exhausted. By contrast, virtually all adoptively transferred TEa cells were exhausted in CB6F1 mice. Those exhausted TEa cells lost ability to reject Balb/c skins upon further transfer into lymphopenic B6.Rag1-/- mice. Hence, T cell exhaustion develops in the presence of abundant antigen and promotes transplant acceptance. These findings are essential for better understanding the nature of transplant tolerance.

16.
Mar Drugs ; 18(2)2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102178

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of secondary metabolites from the endophytic fungus Pseudopestalotiopsis theae led to the isolation of eighteen new polyketide derivatives, pestalotheols I-Q (1-9) and cytosporins O-W (15-23), together with eight known analogs (10-14 and 24-26). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by HRMS and 1D and 2D NMR data, as well as by comparison with literature data. Modified Mosher's method was applied to determine the absolute configuration of some compounds. Compound 23 showed significant cytotoxicity against the mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y with an IC50 value of 3.0 µM. Furthermore, compounds 22 and 23 showed moderate antibacterial activity against drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (ATCC BAA-1605) in combination with sublethal colistin concentrations.

17.
iScience ; 23(2): 100881, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062450

RESUMO

Although the dynamic features of type I coherent feedforward loop (C1-FFL) has been well studied, how C1-FFL shapes cell-to-cell heterogeneity remains unclear. Here, we found that C1-FFL with OR logic serves as "noise reducer," whereas C1-FFL with AND logic functions as "noise propagator" to fine-tune the heterogeneity of signaling molecule's activation. Within Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway, we demonstrated that MyD88 together with TRIF generates a C1-FFL to control TBK1 phosphorylation and reduce its cell-to-cell heterogeneity, whereas noisy TRIF activation induced high heterogeneity of IRF3 activation through another C1-FFL. We further developed a mathematical model with dual C1-FFLs to uncover how MyD88 and TRIF encoded differential dynamics for TBK1 and IRF3 activation. Integration of dual FFLs drives MyD88-TBK1 axis to determine the specificity of IFN-stimulated genes transcription. Collectively, our work elucidates a paradigm that tunable TLR4-mediated type I IFN responses are subtly controlled by dual FFLs.

18.
Cell Rep ; 30(8): 2807-2819.e4, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101753

RESUMO

The class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase vacuolar protein sorting 34 (VPS34) is a core protein of autophagy initiation, yet the regulatory mechanisms responsible for its stringent control remain poorly understood. Here, we report that the E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4-1 promotes the autophagy flux by targeting VPS34. NEDD4-1 undergoes lysine 29 (K29)-linked auto-ubiquitination at K1279 and serves as a scaffold for recruiting the ubiquitin-specific protease 13 (USP13) to form an NEDD4-1-USP13 deubiquitination complex, which subsequently stabilizes VPS34 to promote autophagy through removing the K48-linked poly-ubiquitin chains from VPS34 at K419. Knockout of either NEDD4-1 or USP13 increased K48-linked ubiquitination and degradation of VPS34, thus attenuating the formation of the autophagosome. Our results identify an essential role for NEDD4-1 in regulating autophagy, which provides molecular insights into the mechanisms by which ubiquitination regulates autophagy flux.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043861

RESUMO

The self-assembled gold nanoparticle (NP) superlattice displays unusual but distinctive features such as high mechanical and free-standing performance, electrical conductivity, and plasmonic properties, which are widely employed in various applications especially in biological diagnostics and optoelectronic devices. For a two-dimensional (2D) superlattice monolayer film composed of a given metal nanostructure, it is rather challenging to tune either its plasmonic properties or its optical properties in a reversible way, and it has not been reported. It is therefore of significant value to construct a free-standing 2D superlattice monolayer film of gold nanoparticles with an intelligent response and desired functions. Herein, we developed an easy and efficient approach to construct a gold nanoparticle superlattice film with a dual-responsive plasmonic switch. In this system, gold nanoparticles were coated by polyaniline (PANI) and then interracially self-assembled into a monolayer film at the air-liquid interface. The PANI shell plays two important roles in the superlattice monolayer film. First, the PANI shell acts as a physical spacer to provide a steric hindrance to counteract the van der Waals (vdW) attraction between densely packed nanoparticles (NPs), resulting in the formation of a superlattice by adjusting the thickness of the PANI shell. Second, the PANI shells provide the superlattice film with multiple stimuli such as electrical potential and pH change, leading to reversible optical and plasmonic responsiveness. The superlattice monolayer film can show a vivid color change from olive green to pink, or from olive green to violet by the change of the corresponding stimuli. Also, the localized surface plasmonic resonance (LSPR) of the superlattice monolayer film can be reversibly modulated by both by changing the local pH and applying an electric potential. Notably, a significant plasmonic shift of 157 nm can be achieved in the superlattice monolayer film when the PANI shell with a thickness of 35 nm and gold nanorods as a core were used. The superlattice monolayer film with dual-responsive plasmonic switches is promising for a range of potential applications in optoelectronic devices, plasmonic and colorimetric sensors, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS).

20.
Chemistry ; 26(33): 7358-7364, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090400

RESUMO

Heptazine-based conjugated polymeric carbon nitrides (PCNs) are promising metal-free photocatalysts, yet their synthesis is challenging due to the electron-deficiency and insolubility of heptazine units. Indeed, heptazine-containing polymers have only been prepared through nucleophilic substitution with amines by using toxic cyameluric chloride as the starting material. Herein, we report the novel and environmentally friendly method for preparing heptazine-based mesoporous PCNs with hydrazone links formed through a simple Schiff base condensation of melem-NH2 and aldehydes. Unlike cyameluric chloride, melem-NH2 is non-toxic, stable, and can be readily obtained from melem and hydrazine in solution. We demonstrate that the hydrazone linkages and the heptazine units synergistically enhance the photocatalytic activity of PCNs in visible-light-driven aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. In particular, the polymer constructed from melem-NH2 and p-phthalaldehyde shows 17 times more activity than graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ).

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