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Water Res ; 151: 280-287, 2019 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616040


Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in degradation of organic pollutants by photochemically-produced reactive intermediates (RIs), such as excited triplet-states of DOM (3DOM*), singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydroxyl radical (·OH). However, it is not clear whether DOM extracted from coastal seawaters (CS-DOM) and DOM derived from freshwaters (FW-DOM) exhibit similar effects on photodegradation of organic micropollutants. Herein, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP-1) was adopted as a model compound to probe the effects of different DOM on photodegradation kinetics of organic micropollutants. Results show that the CS-DOM promotes the photodegradation of BP-1 mainly via the pathway involving 3DOM*; while 3DOM*, 1O2 and ·OH are responsible for BP-1 photodegradation in the presence of the FW-DOM. Compared with the FW-DOM, the CS-DOM undergoes more photobleaching, and contains less aromatic C=C and C=O functional groups. Although 3DOM* formation quantum yields for the CS-DOM are relatively higher than those for the FW-DOM, the CS-DOM has lower rates of light absorption, leading to lower steady-state RI concentrations for the CS-DOM. BP-1 photodegradation in the presence of the CS-DOM is faster than in the presence of the FW-DOM, due to higher second-order reaction rate constants between BP-1 and CS-3DOM* and fewer antioxidants contained in the CS-DOM.

Ultrason Sonochem ; 40(Pt B): 40-45, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28389057


Presence of bubbles in liquids could significantly alter the acoustic waves in terms of wave speed and attenuation. In the present paper, acoustic wave propagation in bubbly flows with gas, vapor and gas/vapor mixtures is theoretically investigated in a wide range of parameters (including frequency, bubble radius, void fraction, and vapor mass fraction). Our finding reveals two types of wave propagation behavior depending on the vapor mass fraction. Furthermore, the minimum wave speed (required for the closure of cavitation modelling in the sonochemical reactor design) is analyzed and the influences of paramount parameters on it are quantitatively discussed.

Ultrason Sonochem ; 40(Pt A): 120-127, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28946405


The damping mechanisms play an important role in the behavior of vapor bubbles. In the present paper, effects of mass transfer on the damping mechanisms of oscillating vapor bubbles in liquids are investigated within a wide range of parameter zone (e.g. in terms of frequency and bubble Péclet number). Results of the vapor bubbles are also compared with those of the gas bubbles. Our findings reveal that the damping mechanisms of vapor bubbles are significantly affected by the mass transfer especially in the regions with small and medium bubble Péclet number. Comparing with the gas bubbles, the contributions of the mass-transfer damping mechanism for the vapor bubble case are quite significant, being the dominant damping mechanism in a wide region.

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 28(7): 865-76, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23167198


Wheat grain peroxidase 1 (WP1) belonged to class III plant peroxidase with cofactor heme, which not only has antifungal activity, but also influences the processing quality of flour. In order to enhance functional expression of WP1 in prokaryotic system by increasing endogenous heme synthesis, we constructed a recombinant plasmid pACYC-A-L containing hemA and hemL of Esherichia coli. Then, we co-transformed it into host strain T7 Express with secretive expression vector (pMAL-p4x-WP1) or non-secretive expression vector (pET21a-MBP-WP1), respectively. The MBP-WP1 fusion protein was further purified by amylose affinity chromatography and its peroxidase activity was assayed using 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS) as substrate. At 12 h after induction at 28 degree, the extracellular 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) production of T7 Express/pACYC-A-L was up to 146.73 mg/L, simultaneously the extracellular porphrins also increased dramatically. The peroxidase activity of functional MBP-WP1 obtained from T7 Express/ (pACYC-A-L + pMAL-p4x-WP1) was 14.6-folds of that purified from T7 Express/ pET21a-MBP-WP1. This study not only successfully enhanced functional expression of wheat peroxidase 1 in Esherichia coli, but also provided beneficial references for other important proteins with cofactor heme.

Escherichia coli/genética , Heme/genética , Peroxidases/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/biossíntese , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Heme/biossíntese , Peroxidases/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Transformação Genética