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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-617887

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the effect of mind-map in health education of elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis in community.Methods 71 elderly patients with knee osteoarthropathy were randomly divided into observation group(n=35)and control group(n=36).The control group received routine oral mode health education,and the observation group applied mind map to health education.Before and after the intervention,the self-designed disease knowledge and compliance questionnaire were used to evaluate the effect of two groups of health education.Results There was no significant difference in score between the two groups(P=0.997).After intervention,the score of disease knowledge questionnaire(20.25±3.01)points in the observation group was higher than(18.17±3.12)points in the control group,the difference was statistically significant(t=2.858,P=0.006).At the 1st,3rd and 6th month,the compliance scores of the observation group were(19.35±3.14)points,(19.68±3.22)points,(20.18±3.42)points,respectively,which of the control group were(17.42±3.11)points,(17.89±3.35)points,(18.32±3.47)points,respectively,the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(t=2.602,2.294,2.274,P=0.011,0.025,0.026).The scores of the observation group questionnaire were all more than 3 points,the difference was statistically significant between the two groups(all P=0.000).Conclusion Using mind map to carry out health education to middle-aged and elderly patients with knee joint disease can help patients master disease knowledge and improve compliance,its effect is better than traditional method.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-512863

RESUMO

Objective To explore the effects of post-discharge continuous nursing intervention on medication compliance and negative emotion of patients with acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods 168 patients with acute myocardial infarction were selected.All of them got emergency PCI after admitted.Then,they were simply randomized into observation group (84 cases) and control group (84 cases) using coin toss method combined with random comparison table.The observation group accepted continuous nursing intervention after discharged,including regular home visits,telephone feedback and clinical visits.The control group got a regular clinical follow-up.Their medication compliance and negative emotion were investigated after 1 month,3 months,6 months and 12 months from discharged,respectively.Results Relevant data with different periods of patients with repeated measurement data analysis of variance,discharge for 3 months,6 months and 1 year,compared with the control group,the medication compliance of the observation group increased obviously,the SAS and SDS scores decreased obviously,the differences were statistically significant (t =1.432,2.781,1.432,2.781,2.504,3.783,2.761,4.621,4.884,all P < 0.05).Further analysis of the data between inter group effect,time effect,inter action effect showed that with the extension of the discharge time,the medication compliance and SAS,SDS scores of the two groups were significantly different (F =30.258,P < 0.01;F =2.673,P < 0.05;F =2.024,P < 0.05).In hospital,there were no statistically significant differences in the quality of life of patients between the two groups(t =1.250,1.250,1.250,1.250,0.694,1.113,2.463,all P > 0.05).1 year after discharge,compared with the control group,the movement and exercise,interpersonal relationships,nutrition,health responsibility,self-actualization,stress management scores in the observation group significantly increased,the differences were statistically significant (t =2.463,3.146,2.463,3.146,2.633,2.115,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Continuous nursing interventions can effectively reduce acute myocardial infarction patients'anxiety and depression after PCI,improve their compliance and prevent recurrent cardiovascular events.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 470-472, 2016.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-501413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To study the impacts of Zishenyutai pills on the ovarian tissue oxidative damage and Nrf2 protein ex-pression in rats exposed by electromagnetic radiation (EMR). METHODS:Accordiny to their weight,30 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group,radiated group and radiated-treated group with 10 rats in each group. Normal group were not radiated, and other 2 groups were exposed by 900 MHz radiation for 4 h every day;radiated-treated group was given Zishenyutai pills sus-pension [0.25 g intragstrically(medicinal materials)/ml] after radiation;normal group and radiated group were given constant vol-ume of normal saline intragastrically for consecutive 20 d. The rats were killed when they were at the estrum. The Nrf2 proteins ex-pression of ovary were detected by immunohistochemical method,the content of ovary MDA(malondialdehyde),and activity of to-tal superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and superoxide dismutase (GSH-Px) were detected by biochemical method. RESULTS:Com-pared with the rats in normal group,the Nrf2 protein expression was higher in the rats of the radiated group;the content of ovary MDA was higher and activity of ovary T-SOD and GSH-Px were lower significantly(P0.05),the content of ovary MDA was lower and activity of ovary T-SOD and GSH-Px were higher significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Zish-enyutai pills can prevent and cure ovary tissue oxidative injury induced by 900 MHz radiation,but have no effect on the expression of Nrf2 protein.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-499689

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the mast cell tryptase (MCT) in asthmatic guinea pigs. Methods:A total of 60 male or female healthy guinea pigs were randomly divided into control group (group A), asthmatic group(group B), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 group(group C), with 20 cases in each group. To establish asthmatic guinea pig models, 1ml peanut oil was filled into stomach in the morning in group A and group B , and 1ml peanut oil with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was filled into stomach in group C. Airway resistance (Re) of asthmatic guinea pigs was detected, and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells were counted. Lung tissue with HE and MCT immunohistochemical staining were used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissue and the distribution of MCT. Results:After injection of different concentration of acetylcholine chloride, the Re in group B and group C were increased significantly compared with group A (P<0.05);compared with group B, the Re in group C were decreased significantly (t=-5.385, -5.761, -6.184,-13.574, P<0.05);the total number of BALF cells and eosinophils were increased significantly in group B and C (t=19.618, 9.598, 10.854, 5.388, P<0.05);compared with group B, the total number of BALF cells and eosinophils in group C was decreased significantly (t=-5.555,-5.392, P<0.05);the number of tryptase positive cells in group B was increased significantly than that in group A (t=21.312, P<0.05), and in addition to the alveolar septum and submucosa, the cells were also distributed around blood vessels and outside the cells; the number of tryptase positive cells in group C was decreased significantly compared with group B, and the difference was statistically significant (t=5.043, P<0.05). Conclusions:After the asthmatic guinea pigs are treated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, their BALF, Re, infiltration degree of inflammatory cells in the trachea and lung tissue and airway inflammatory reaction are reduced significantly. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3has a certain inhibiting effect on the activation of mast cells and the release of MCT granules.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-480713

RESUMO

Objective To discuss risk factors,clinical characteristics and associated prognostic factors of acute aortic dissection with different Stanford classification.Methods Retrospective analyses were conducted on clinical data of 162 patients with acute aortic dissection in China-Japan Friendship Hospital.The data was analysed according to Stanford type,risk factors,clinical manifestation,auxiliary examination.Prognostic factors of acute aortic dissection were analysed by single factor and binary logistic regression analysis.Result Of all the acute aortic dissection patients,the mean age was (53.9 ± 13.5) years (foreigners' mean age was 61.0 years),87.0% were less than 65.0 years old,males were younger than females,77.2% presented hypertension.Application of Latex (<0.5 mg/L) and ELISA (0 ~400 ng/mL) methods to detect D-dimer,the sensitivities were 90.9% and 94.7% respectively,and the general sensitivity was 93.2%;91.5% patients were abnormal when detected by ultrasound (echocardiography),of which the sensitivity of A type was 100%,so it can be the first choice of hemodynamic instability patients,at the same time can be used for differential diagnose between acute myocardial infarction and acute myocardial infarction caused by AAD.As to prognosis,the mortality of type A was higher than type B (30.7% vs.3.4%,P <0.05).When treated with surgery (stent),the mortality was declined obviously (8.5% vs.23.8%,P < 0.05) while hospitalization.Confirmed time over 4 hours,shock caused by hypotension and (or) cardiac tamponade were independent risk factors for the prognosis of AAD.Conclusion The AAD patients' age of onset in our country is younger than foreigner'.High sensitivity of ultrasound can be a complementary diagnostic tool for critical AAD patients.Try to shorten the time of diagnosis and early operation can lower the mortality of AAD patients,type A patients might benefit from surgery.

6.
PLoS One ; 5(3): e9668, 2010 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20300624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oesophageal cancer is one of the most common and deadliest cancers worldwide. Our previous population-based study reported a high prevalence of oesophageal cancer in Chaoshan, Guangdong Province, China. Ancestors of the Chaoshan population migrated from the Taihang Mountain region of north-central China, which is another high-incidence area for oesophageal cancer. The purpose of the present study was to obtain evidence of inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in the Chaoshan population, with reference to the Taihang Mountain population, with the eventual goal of molecular identification of the disease genes. METHODS: We conducted familial correlation, commingling, and complex segregation analyses of 224 families from the Chaoshan population and 403 families from the Taihang population using the FPMM program of S.A.G.E. version 5.3.0. A second analysis focused on specific families having large numbers of affected individuals or early onset of the disease. RESULTS: For the general population, moderate sib-sib correlation was noticed for esophageal cancer. Additionally, brother-brother correlation was even higher. Commingling analyses indicated that a three-component distribution model best accounts for the variation in age of onset of oesophageal cancer, and that a multifactorial model provides the best fit to the general population data. An autosomal dominant mode and a dominant or recessive major gene with polygenic inheritance were found to be the best models of inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in some large families. CONCLUSIONS: The current results provide evidence for inherited susceptibility to oesophageal cancer in certain high-risk groups in China, and support efforts to identify the susceptibility genes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , China , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etnologia , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Genes Dominantes , Genes Recessivos , Variação Genética , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Genéticos , Linhagem
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 735-41, 2010.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-382477

RESUMO

To explore novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors with anti-tumor activity, twelve target compounds were synthesized, and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR, MS and elemental analyses. Evaluation results in vitro showed that compound Ia exhibited potent inhibition against HDAC and is worth for further investigation. And compounds IIa, IIb, IIIa-IIIi possessed moderate HDAC inhibitory activity.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 367-370, 2003.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-345887

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To evaluate the clinical significance of predicting post-operative respiratory failure in patients with lung cancer using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Before operation, 260 patients with lung cancer underwent CPET with incremental protocol. W%, VO₂%P, VO₂/kg, AT, MET, O₂ pulse, VTe, BF and VE were measured in the end of load exercise.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In patients after pneumonectomy, the values of the above indexes of CPET in the respiratory failure group were significantly lower than those in the non-respiratory failure group ( P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) except VTe. In patients after lobectomy, the values of 9 indexes of CPET in the respiratory failure group were similar to those in the non-respiratory failure group ( P > 0.05). However, when the patients after lobectomy were further divided into groups of upper and lower lobectomy, W% in the respiratory failure group was remarkably lower than that in the non-respiratory failure group after lower lobectomy ( P < 0.05). (2) Chi-Square test showed that abnormality of CPET indexes in different degrees was related to the morbidity of respiratory failure after pneumonectomy. Logistic regression showed that O₂ pulse < 80% and BF < 30/min correlated with the morbidity of post-operative respiratory failure. (3) For predicting post-operative respiratory failure, the sensitivity and specificity of VO₂%P < 60%, BF < 30/min, VE < 35 L/min were all more than 60% and their negative predictive values were all more than 90%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CPET is suitable to predict post-pneumonectomy respiratory failure. As a comprehensive index indicating cardiopulmonary function during exercise, VO₂%P < 60% should be selected to predict respiratory failure and evaluate indication of lung resection for patients with lung cancer.</p>

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 454-457, 2002.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-252395

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the characteristics of exercise cardio-pulmonary function and its possible influencing factors in patients with lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary function, ECG and exercise cardio-pulmonary function were measured in 198 patients with lung cancer and 20 healthy controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1. Compared with healthy group, VO₂%P, VO₂/kg, AT, VO₂/HR%, VE and VT/VC significantly decreased in lung cancer patients with normal resting pulmonary ventilation, however, BR remarkably increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). 2. In patients with normal resting pulmonary ventilation, there was no significant difference of exercise cardio-pulmonary function between the central and peripheral lung cancer groups. 3. The exercise cardio-pulmonary function was closely related to the TNM stages (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). 4. W%, VO₂%P , AT and VO₂/HR% in patients with great vessel invasion were remarkably lower than those without great vessel invasion (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results suggest that exercise ventilation is impaired in lung cancer patients with normal resting ventilation. And the decrease of exercise cardio-pulmonary function may be related to TNM stage and to great vessel involvement.</p>

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 207-210, 2002.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-351957

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>To explore the characteristics and clinical significance of diffusing capacity in the patients with lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was measured with the rebreathing method in 138 patients with primary lung cancer, and 86 were performed pulmonary resection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in DLCOrb and DLCOrbc between the groups with different histological type and degree of ventilation impairment and general type (P > 0.05). DLCOrb/VA mildly decreased in the patients whose lung ventilation function was normal. DLCOc/VA decreased in the patients with restrictive ventilation dysfunction (P < 0.01), and DLCOrb/VA decreased in the patients with obstructive and mixed ventilation dysfuncion (P < 0.05). DLCOc/VA decreased in the patients with light and obvious lung dysfunction (P < 0.05). DLCOc/VA in the patients with central lung cancer was lower than that in the peripheral ones (P < 0.01). DLCOc/VA and D LCOrb in the group with postoperative respiratory failure were lower than that in the group without respiratory failure (P < 0.05). When DLCOc/VA of less than 80% and DLCOrb/VA of less than 70% were used to predict the postoperative respiratory failure, the correct ratios of dignosis and the diagnostic indexes were high.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The diffusing capacity decreases in the patients with lung cancer, and the main manifestation is the abnormal DLCOrb/VA and DLCOc/VA. The general type of lung cancer and the degree of pulmonary dysfunction may influence the diffusing function of the patients. DLCOc/VA of less than 80% and DLCOrb/VA of less than 70% should be selected for predicting postoperative respiratory failure.</p>

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-527702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To prepare Premna fulva craib liniments and to establish a method for its quality control.METHODS:The liniments was prepared from yellowhairy premna stem,rhizoma drynariae,borneo and menthol in70%al-cohol solvent.Naringin in the liniments was identified qualitatively by TLC,and the content of naringin was determined by HPLC.RESULTS:Naringin was identified in TLC.The sample size of naringin showed a good linear relationship with its peak area in the range of0.51?g~2.55?g(r=0.9993).The average recovery was98.58%(RSD=1.31%).CONCLUSION:The preparation technology is practicable and the method of quality control is reliable.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-524664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To study the relative bioavailability of yifuxian'an capsules.METHODS:Concentrations of ri-fampicin,isoniazid and pyrazinamide in plasma were determined on12volunteers respectively after a single oral dose of yifux-ian'an capsules(tested preparations)and rifater(reference preparation)by RP-HPLC method;the pharmacokinetics parame-ters were processed by3p97process.RESULTS:The AUC 0~t of the tested preparation and reference substance of rifampicin were(70.69?36.32)and(70.77?32.26)(?g?h)/ml respectively,t max of which were(1.82?0.28)and(1.79?0.25)h re-spectively,C max of which were(12.83?4.98)?g/ml and(12.84?3.95)?g/ml respectively;The AUC 0~t of which were(14.30?8.25)and(13.76?6.16)(?g?h)/ml respectively,t max of which were(1.54?0.36)and(1.58?0.38)h respectively,C max of which were(5.42?2.52)and(5.46?2.46)?g/ml respectively;The AUC 0~t of which of pyrazinamide were(243.56?128.98)and(238.07?117.63)(?g?h)/ml respectively,t max of which were(1.58?0.64)and(1.69?0.55)h respectively,C max of which were(29.45?12.45)and(27.46?11.02)?g/ml respectively.The relative bioequivalence of rifampicin,isoniazid and pyrazi-namide of the tested preparation were(99.88?12.92)%,(103.84?24.10)%and(102.57?12.31)%respectively.CONCLU-SION:Bioavailability of the2preparations are bioequivalent.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-578377

RESUMO

AIM: To establish a method for determing camphor and eucalyptol in Shidi Water(Camphor,Rhizoma Zingiberis,Fructus Foeniculi,Cortex). METHODS: The chromatographic condition,DB-WAX capillary column(30 m?0.53 mm,1 ?m).The column temperature programming was from 65 ?C to 155 ?C(at rate of 6 ?C/min).FID Detection.The temperatrue was at 230 ?C. RESULTS: The linear range of camphor was within 0.18 mg/mL-5.78 mg/mL(r=1.000 0,n=6).The average recovery was 98.05%,RSD=0.94%.The linear range of eucalyptol was within 0.06 mg/mL-1.92 mg/ml(r=(0.999 7),n=6).The average recovery was 98.99%,RSD=1.31%. CONCLUSION: This method can be used for quality control of Shidi Water

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-564896

RESUMO

Aim To investigate the effect of dipfluzine on hERG potassium currents expressed heterologously in xenopus oocytes.Methods Using Xenopus oocytes expression system,the current amplitude and kinetic characteristics of hERG were measured with the two electrode voltage-clamp technique before and after dipfluzine application.Results Dipfluzine(8 nmol?L-1~5 ?mol?L-1)concentration-dependently inhibited hERG currents;the concentration for half maximal inhibition(IC50)was 98.0 nmol?L-1.Dipfluzine-induced inhibition of hERG currents was voltage dependent at membrane potentials between-10 and 40 mV.Dipfluzine at 1 ?mol?L-1 didn't statistically shifted V1/2 of hERG currents activation.Dipfluzine at 1 ?mol?L-1 significantly decreased the activating time constants and the deactivating time constants,and enhanced hERG currents activation and deactivation.Conclusion Dipfluzine concentration-dependently inhibits hERG currents and modifies kinetic characteristics of hERG activation and deactivation,which may be correlated with its antiarrhythmic effect.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-556771

RESUMO

Aim To study the effects of dipfluzine (Dip) on cell apoptosis after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Methods Endothelin-1 induced focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model in rat was used in experiment. The cell apoptosis, the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were observed by flow cytometric analysis. Results The tissues from the solvent group showed remarkably high apoptotic percentages with(9.34?1.22)% in cortex and(10.58?1.44)% in striatum, respectively, in contrast with(1.26?0.15)% in cortex and(2.50?0.35)% in striatum in sham group. Dipfluzine could decrease the cell apoptosis in cortex and striatum and showed a close correlation with the dose increment, which were (7.92?0.76)% in 10mg?kg -1 group, (6.78?0.77)% in 20 mg?kg -1 group, and (6.00?0.71)% in 40 mg?kg -1 group in cortex (r=0.9559, P0.05). The determination of Bcl-2 and Bax by flow cytometric analysis indicated that sham group showed high expression of Bcl-2 both in cortex and striatum and the ratio of Bcl-2 and Bax were the highest,they were 1.30?0.08 in cortex and 1.64?0.10 in striatum, respectively. The expression of Bax in solvent group was increased and the the ratio of Bcl-2 and Bax were 1.03?0.12 in cortex and 1.00?0.04 in striatum, significantly lower than those in sham group (P

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