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1.
Foot (Edinb) ; 28: 20-25, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27718385

RESUMO

Osteoarticular TB around the tarsal navicular is a chronic, uncommon condition affecting the midfoot, which causes significant morbidity to the patient. Tuberculosis around the tarsal navicular is rarely described in the literature. A series of three cases - two involving the talo-navicular joint and one involving the naviculo-cuneiform joint is described. Biopsy was used in all the cases for achieving diagnosis. All patients had good to fair outcome following medical management with anti-tubercular therapy. Due to the pauci-bacillary nature of the disease, a positive culture of the disease is not always possible. The diagnosis depends on a positive histopathology finding. Once an early diagnosis is achieved, antitubercular therapy is usually the mainstay. Clinical awareness of the rare presentations of this disease can help in early detection, adequate treatment and good to fair outcomes. Due to the destruction of the midfoot joints, some patients report difficulty in walking on uneven surfaces and barefoot, for which triple arthrodesis may be offered.


Assuntos
Ossos do Tarso/microbiologia , Articulações Tarsianas/microbiologia , Tuberculose Osteoarticular/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Chin J Traumatol ; 19(5): 286-289, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27780510

RESUMO

The management of multiple complicated injured patients remains a great challenge despite advance- ments in modern medical care. We present a rare case of bilateral unstable pelvic fractures associated with bilateral segmental femoral shaft fractures.We have proposed a mechanism of such complex injury pattern and discussed the plan of management. We believe that a timely and aggressive surgical intervention to fix all the major fractures soon after medically stabilizing the patient helped our patient to overcome these serious and lethal injuries. It is necessary to establish an optimal protocol for management of such complex fractures by conducting prospective and multicentric studies in the future.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Adulto , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
J Hip Preserv Surg ; 3(3): 215-22, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583161

RESUMO

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head needs to be addressed early in the course of the disease, to prevent progression to osteoarthritis. A revascularizing procedure which can help preserve the head should be considered in young adults to alleviate the need for total hip arthroplasty. We included 40 cases (53 hips) of AVN of femoral head operated with Sartorius muscle pedicle iliac bone grafting, done by the senior author. Early post-operative rehabilitation was done. The weight bearing was delayed for 6 weeks. All the patients were followed clinically and radiologically at regular intervals. The operated femoral heads, were grouped according to Ficat's staging: 24 in stage IIA (45.3%), 22 in stage IIB (41.5%) and 07 in stage III (13.2%). The average duration of surgery was 85 min (range: 55-130 min). The total duration of follow-up was average 4.2 years (range: 2.2-15 years).The Harris hip score was excellent (>90) in 18 hips (33.96%), good (80-89) in 24 hips (45.28%), fair (70-79) in 9 hips (17%) and poor (<70) in 2 hips (3.7%). AVN of the femoral head is a painful and disabling condition in young adults. Sartorius muscle pedicle bone graft technique allows adequate decompression, re vascularization and osteogenesis of the femur head in Ficat's stage IIa, IIb and III, in young adults. This is an effective and easy technique to adopt with excellent to good results in 80% cases and is associated with only minimal complications.

4.
J Orthop ; 13(4): 242-5, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27408496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Non-union after intramedullary nail fixation of femur shaft fractures is although infrequent but a challenging condition to treat. The treatment options available to deal with such a situation include exchange nailing, removal of nail and re-osteosynthesis with plating, or Ilizarov fixation. We believe that rotational instability, in the presence of a nail, is one of the main reasons for most of the non-union. We present our experience of plate augmentation leaving the nail in situ for non-union of femoral shaft fracture. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we had operated 16 cases of the femoral shaft non-union, which were treated by plate augmentation and bone grafting (if needed) with retention of the intramedullary interlocking nail in situ. The cases of infected non-union and any fracture less than one-year duration were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Bone grafting was done only in 4 cases with atrophic non-union. We could achieve union in all the cases at an average time of 6.25 months. The average time of surgery between the primary surgery of interlocking nail fixation and the plate augmentation was 13 months. Mean surgical time for plate augmentation and bone grafting was 71 min. No major complication or implant failure was encountered. An average residual shortening of the limb was 0.9 cm and average range of motion of the knee was 115°. CONCLUSION: Plate augmentation seems an effective, reliable, safe and an easy procedure for the treatment of femoral shaft non-union after an intramedullary nailing.

5.
Cureus ; 8(4): e579, 2016 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27226940

RESUMO

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a patient with chronic lymphedema of both lower limbs is rarely reported in the literature. Chronic lymphedema is a challenging condition associated with various complications especially in a patient with THA. However, dislocation of the total hip prosthesis due to acute exacerbation of lower limb swelling in the postoperative period is an extremely rare complication. The cause that led to the dislocation of the prosthesis is intricate and difficult to assess, as this has not been discussed in the literature yet. We believe that the excessive weight of the limb due to chronic lymphedema had a deleterious effect on the biomechanics of total hip prosthesis, thereby increasing the tendency for dislocation. This case illustrates that chronic lymphedema of the lower limb should be dealt with aggressively using various modalities like intermittent pneumatic compression pumps and compression stockings after THA in such patients.

7.
Cureus ; 8(1): e448, 2016 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26918216

RESUMO

Fibrocartilaginous dysplasia (FCD) is a rare variant of fibrous dysplasia (FD) which frequently involves the long bones, and the proximal femur is the most commonly affected site. This benign, lytic, and expansile bone lesion causes progressive deformity in the bones and may lead to pathological fracture. Radiologically, this lesion may mimic cartilaginous benign and malignant bone tumors. Therefore, histopathological differentiation of FCD from other cartilaginous tumors is of the utmost importance. The treatment is often surgical, in the form of curettage and bone grafting or corrective osteotomy, to treat progressive deformity in the long bones. The risk of pathological fracture is high in FCD with bony deformity and often requires surgery.

8.
Int Orthop ; 40(8): 1709-1715, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26450842

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Failure of proximal femoral fracture managed by proximal femoral nail (PFN) leads to a very difficult situation to handle with conventional techniques, and reversed distal femoral locking compression plate (DF-LCP) is of great benefit in these selective cases. METHODS: Twelve patients with ununited proximal femoral fractures including subtrochanteric fractures with a failed PFN implant were included in the study. All patients with periprosthetic fractures and fractures treated by implants other than PFN were excluded from this study. RESULT: All fractures went into union in an average time of nine months and 15 days with no implant failures. The mean time of re-osteosynthesis after the primary index surgery of PFN was one year eight months. Mean surgical time of re-osteosynthesis was 110 minutes, and average blood loss during surgery was 550 ml. DISCUSSION: The PFM is one of the most commonly used implant for unstable proximal femur fractures. The use of PFN is technically demanding and is associated with high failure rates. Although dynamic compression screw (DCS), proximal femoral locking plate (PF-LCP) and other implants can be used in these failed situations, they are associated with a high complication rate. The reversed DF-LCP is a rescue implant for these complex situations. Apart from anatomical and biomechanical advantages, there are several other clinical benefits of using DF-LCP. CONCLUSION: We conclude that DF-LCP is a potential and safe implant of choice for the management of nonunion associated with failed PFN. It may be considered an implant of choice as rescue from such a complex situation. It offers several anatomical, biomechanical and clinical advantages over other available conventional implants.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas não Consolidadas/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Pinos Ortopédicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fraturas não Consolidadas/etiologia , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia
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