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2.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 58(5): 771-776, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patient treatment within the Swedish medical service system can claim negligence injuries to the malpractice insurance review board and request financial compensation. The aim of this paper was to analyse the consequences of a negligence claim after arterial surgery between two periods with increasing use of endovascular treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the arterial surgery negligence claims from two three year periods 2005-2007 (Period A) and 2012-2014 (Period B) from the County Council's Mutual Insurance Company. The analysis was restricted to aortic, carotid, and lower limb arterial diseases. The magnitude of surgery for vascular diseases was obtained from the Swedish vascular register (Swedvasc). RESULTS: The number of patients undergoing arterial procedures increased from 16 628 to 20 709 (p = .01). There was an increase of 54% in the number of negligence claims between the periods. In Period A, the number of compensated claims was 22 out of 83 (29%) and in Period B 60 out of 151 (41%) (p = .06). Patients treated for aortic disorders and peripheral arterial surgery received compensation with increasing frequency whereas carotid diseases decreased. Claimants treated for aortic disorders were compensated in four out of 23 (17%) and 21 out of 54 (39%) in the two periods (p = .07), and after lower limb arterial surgery in six out of 34 (18%) and in 24 out of 71 (34%) (p = .09). After carotid surgery the corresponding figures were 12 out of 26 (46%) and 14 out of 25 (46%) (p = .48). The increasing use of endovascular procedures (but not in carotid artery surgery) did not seem to influence the pattern of negligence claims. CONCLUSIONS: Between the two three year periods there has been an increase in negligence claims but not in compensated ones. The increased use of endovascular procedures has not influenced the pattern of compensated negligence claims.

3.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand ; 63(10): 1378-1383, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313279

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Insertion and use of central venous access devices (CVADs) can be associated with serious adverse events. The incidence is generally low but considering the vast use of CVADs the consequences can, from a patient safety and health economics perspective, be severe. No exact knowledge exists of number of catheters or complications in Sweden, as there is currently no comprehensive registry. The aim was to analyse injuries reported to the Swedish National Patient Insurance Company (Löf) within 7 days after insertion or removal of a CVAD. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all injuries filed in the period 2009-2017 was performed, evaluating patient data, type of catheter, insertion technique and type of injury. If the injury was deemed avoidable by Löf, degree of disability and mortality was registered. RESULTS: A total of 87 claims of injuries were found of which 36 (41%) were assessed as avoidable. The most common injuries were: bleeding (18%), early infection (17%), pneumothorax (17%) and early thrombosis (15%). No patients died of their injuries, but 17 of 36 suffered permanent disability of varying degrees. Ultrasound-guided insertion was used in 19% of the cases. CONCLUSION: In Sweden, few injuries related to CVAD use are reported to Löf. About 40% of filed claims were categorized as having an avoidable injury and therefore eligible for compensation. About half of the compensated patients suffered a permanent disability. The results indicate underreporting of CVC-related injuries in Sweden during the studied time-period.

4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(3): e190858, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901042

RESUMO

Importance: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia can cause lifelong neurodevelopmental impairment (kernicterus) even in high-resource settings. A better understanding of the incidence and processes leading to kernicterus may help in the design of preventive measures. Objectives: To determine incidence rates of hazardous hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus among near-term to term newborns and to evaluate health care professional adherence to best practices. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based nationwide cohort study used prospectively collected data on the highest serum bilirubin level for all infants born alive at 35 weeks' gestation or longer and admitted to neonatal care at all 46 delivery and 37 neonatal units in Sweden from 2008 to 2016. Medical records for newborns with hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were evaluated for best neonatal practices and for a diagnosis of kernicterus up to 2 years of age. Data analyses were performed between September 2017 and February 2018. Exposures: Extreme (serum bilirubin levels, 25.0-29.9 mg/dL [425-509 µmol/L]) and hazardous (serum bilirubin levels, ≥30.0 mg/dL [≥510 µmol/L]) neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was kernicterus, defined as hazardous neonatal hyperbilirubinemia followed by cerebral palsy, sensorineural hearing loss, gaze paralysis, or neurodevelopmental retardation. Secondary outcomes were health care professional adherence to national guidelines using a predefined protocol with 10 key performance indicators for diagnosis and treatment as well as assessment of whether bilirubin-associated brain damage might have been avoidable. Results: Among 992 378 live-born infants (958 051 term births and 34 327 near-term births), 494 (320 boys; mean [SD] birth weight, 3505 [527] g) developed extreme hyperbilirubinemia (50 per 100 000 infants), 6.8 per 100 000 infants developed hazardous hyperbilirubinemia, and 1.3 per 100 000 infants developed kernicterus. Among 13 children developing kernicterus, brain injury was assessed as potentially avoidable for 11 children based on the presence of 1 or several of the following possible causes: untimely or lack of predischarge bilirubin screening (n = 6), misinterpretation of bilirubin values (n = 2), untimely or delayed initiation of treatment with intensive phototherapy (n = 1), untimely or no treatment with exchange transfusion (n = 6), or lack of repeated exchange transfusions despite indication (n = 1). Conclusions and Relevance: Hazardous hyperbilirubinemia in near-term or term newborns still occurs in Sweden and was associated with disabling brain damage in 13 per million births. For most of these cases, health care professional noncompliance with best practices was identified, suggesting that a substantial proportion of these cases might have been avoided.


Assuntos
Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal , Kernicterus , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal/diagnóstico , Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal/epidemiologia , Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal/terapia , Recém-Nascido , Kernicterus/diagnóstico , Kernicterus/epidemiologia , Kernicterus/terapia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Suécia
5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(1): e186801, 2019 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646195

RESUMO

Importance: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can cause severe visual disability even in high-resource settings. A better understanding of the prevalence and processes leading to ROP-induced severe visual impairment may help health care professionals design preventive measures. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of severe visual disability among children born preterm in Sweden, evaluate adherence to best practice, and determine the health system's structural capacity. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based, nationwide cohort study of 1 310 227 children born between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2015, in Sweden, of whom 17 588 (1.3%) were born very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation). Children born preterm with a verified diagnosis of severe visual disability had their medical records reviewed for evaluation of ROP screening, diagnosis, and treatment. In addition, a questionnaire on structural capacity was sent to all ophthalmology departments. Exposures: Stages 4 and 5 ROP. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was prevalence of severe visual disability (visual acuity ≤20/200 for both eyes) associated with ROP stages 4 and 5. Secondary outcomes included adherence to national ROP guidelines using a predefined protocol with 15 key performance indicators for screening, diagnosis, and treatment; assessment of whether visual disability was deemed avoidable; and examination of structural capacity, including information on equipment and facilities, staffing, and patients. Results: Seventeen children (10 boys; mean [range] birth weight, 756 [454-1900] g; mean [range] gestational age, 25 [22-33] weeks) became severely visually disabled because of ROP, corresponding to a prevalence of 1 in 1000 very preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestational age) and 1 in 77 000 for all live births. Severe visual impairment was considered potentially avoidable in 11 of 17 affected children (65%) owing to untimely or no screening, missed diagnosis, or untimely and suboptimal treatment. Large variations in infrastructure (facilities, guidelines, staffing, and annual patient numbers) were also identified as potential contributors to these findings. Conclusions and Relevance: Retinopathy of prematurity still causes severe visual disability in Sweden, resulting in 1 affected infant per 1000 very preterm births. In most of these infants, noncompliance with best practice was identified, indicating that a significant proportion could have been avoided.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Transtornos da Visão , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Prevalência , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/complicações , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/diagnóstico , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/epidemiologia , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Suécia/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/prevenção & controle
7.
Lakartidningen ; 1152018 06 19.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29917172

RESUMO

The WHO Checklist for Safe Surgery has been in use in Swedish healthcare since 2009. Based on national and international experiences, we have developed the original checklist, with the aim to keep its strengths and remove the weaknesses. The most obvious difference is that each section of the original checklist has been split into a pure checklist and corresponding instructions. It is now also more obvious that the basis for the checklist is local guidelines/routines. It is primarily via these local guidelines/routines that local adaptations can be made. The new checklist has been tested and gradually improved during six rounds at large and small Swedish hospitals, where comments from staff have been considered. The name has been changed to Checklist for Safe Surgery 2.0, and distribution to all Swedish hospitals will commence in the early autumn of 2018.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Suécia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
8.
Lakartidningen ; 1152018 01 26.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29381182

RESUMO

Puerpural fever still exist. A rare condition that must be kept in mind All 33 claims to the Swedish National Patient Insurance (LÖF) in 2010-2014 related to obstetric infections, of which 14 were due to endometritis, were examined. Nine women suffered from fulminant infections consistent with classical puerperal fever (childbed fever), 2 of which were life-threatening. They occurred unexpectedly, mainly after uncomplicated deliveries, and were usually caused by Group A streptococci. Five women suffered from endometritis with a mild or moderate clinical course. All occurred after early birth-related complications and were caused by low-virulent bacteria. In order for an infection to occur in a healthy woman who undergoes normal delivery, more virulent bacteria appear to be required. Since these bacteria may exist in the hospital environment, improved hygiene routines are a prerequisite for reducing the number of nosocomial infections.


Assuntos
Febre/epidemiologia , Infecção Puerperal/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estado Terminal , Endometrite/epidemiologia , Endometrite/microbiologia , Feminino , Febre/microbiologia , Humanos , Seguradoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Períneo/microbiologia , Gravidez , Infecção Puerperal/microbiologia , Infecções do Sistema Genital/epidemiologia , Infecções do Sistema Genital/microbiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus pyogenes/isolamento & purificação , Suécia/epidemiologia , Vagina/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Lakartidningen ; 1142017 Jan 10.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28072435
13.
Patient Saf Surg ; 10: 23, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27800019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The national incidence of adverse events (AEs) in Swedish orthopedic care has never been described. A new national database has made it possible to describe incidence, nature, preventability and consequences of AEs in Swedish orthopedic care. METHODS: We used national data from a structured two-stage record review with a Swedish modification of the Global Trigger Tool. The sample was 4,994 randomly selected orthopedic admissions in 56 hospitals during 2013 and 2014. The AEs were classified according to the Swedish Patient Safety Act into preventable or non-preventable. RESULTS: At least one AE occurred in 733 (15 %, 95 % CI 13.7-15.7) admissions. Of 950 identified AEs, 697 (73 %) were judged preventable. More than half of the AEs (54 %) were of temporary nature. The most common types of AE were healthcare-associated infections and distended urinary bladder. Patients ≥65 years had more AEs (p < 0.001), and were more often affected by pressure ulcer (p < 0.001) and urinary tract infections (p < 0.01). Distended urinary bladder was seen more frequently in patients aged 18-64 years (p = 0.01). Length of stay was twice as long for patients with AEs (p < 0.001). We estimate 232,000 extra hospital days due to AEs during these 2 years. The pattern of AEs in orthopedic care was different compared to other hospital specialties. CONCLUSIONS: Using a national database, we found AEs in 15 % of orthopedic admissions. The majority of the AEs was of temporary nature and judged preventable. Our results can be used to guide focused patient safety work.

14.
Lakartidningen ; 1132016 Oct 18.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27779727
16.
Lakartidningen ; 1132016 Mar 15.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26978813
18.
Lakartidningen ; 1122015 Oct 13.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26461516
20.
Lakartidningen ; 1122015 Jun 09.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26057637

RESUMO

Despite a development in Swedish patient safety work in recent years, unambiguous results are missing. Here we propose some activities that will result in improved patient safety. Patients and employees are a strong driving force, and should be given a more important role. The level of education in patient safety must be raised in all levels in the system. Effective systems for learning, sharing and follow-up need to be reinforced. The understanding on how the health-care system adapts to varying circumstances, resilience, needs development. The knowledge basis of what constitutes and creates safety in psychiatry, paediatric care, primary care, and in care of the elderly must be developed.


Assuntos
Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Humanos , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Suécia
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