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1.
Transfusion ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plerixafor should be administered 6 to 11 hours before starting leukocytapheresis. However, we have been using plerixafor followed by leukocytapheresis according to different time schedules since 2007. Our objective was to compare the CD34+ cell collection efficiency (CE1) of the first leukocytapheresis performed after using plerixafor at different time intervals. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Same-day schedule refers to the administration of plerixafor at 10:00 AM and starting the leukocytapheresis on the same day at 4:00 PM (6 hours interval). Next-day schedule refers to the administration of plerixafor at 8:00 PM and starting the leukocytapheresis on the next day (10:00 AM or 4:00 PM; either a 14- or 20-hr interval). Variables that might influence the CE1 of CD34+ cells were analyzed by longitudinal linear regression with a random effects model derived by generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: The median CE1 of CD34+ cells was higher in the group of 30 patients who underwent leukocytapheresis on the same day when compared with the group of 62 patients who underwent leukocytapheresis on the next day (65.8% vs. 56.7%; p < 0.01). In the longitudinal linear regression analysis, only the time from plerixafor administration to leukocytapheresis start was associated with a statistically significant decrease in the CE1 of CD34+ cells (CE1 change -0.034%; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Higher CE1 of CD34+ cells was observed when patients underwent leukocytapheresis on the same day after receiving plerixafor in comparison with administering plerixafor and underwent leukocytapheresis on the next day. Larger studies are necessary to confirm present results.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932656

RESUMO

In 2015, we implemented an at-home allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) program. Between 2015 and 2018, 252 patients underwent allo-HCT; 41 patients underwent allo-HCT in the at-home program (46% myeloablative; 63% unrelated donor; 32% posttransplant cyclophosphamide), and these patients were compared with 39 in-patients; safety, capacity to release beds for other programs, and economic efficiency cost were evaluated. We observed a lower incidence of febrile neutropenia in the at-home group compared with that in the in-patient group (32% versus 90%; p < 0.0001), whereas the incidence of aspergillosis was similar among groups (at-home 1% versus in-patient 3%; p = 0.5). The at-home patients showed a lower incidence of 1-year severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; 10% versus 29%; p = 0.03). There were no differences in 1-year transplant-related mortality, relapse, or overall survival among groups. The re-admission rate in the at-home group was 7%. The at-home setting was less expensive (9087 €/transplant), and its implementation increased capacity by 10.5 allo-HCTs/year. Moreover, a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell program could be established without increasing beds. Thus, our at-home allo-HCT program may be a safe modality to reduce febrile neutropenia and acute GVHD, resulting in lower re-admission rates.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570779

RESUMO

We aimed to describe epidemiology changes in bloodstream infections (BSI) episodes in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients throughout a 25-year period (1993-2017), comparing five-year time spans, and we evaluate their impact on inappropriate empirical antibiotic treatment (IEAT) and mortality. During the study period, 1164 BSI episodes were documented in patients undergoing HSCT (71.6% allogenic and 29% autologous). A significant decrease in gram-positive cocci (GPC) and increase in gram-negative bacilli (GNB) were observed (p < 0.001). Among GP, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) significantly decreased whereas rising E. faecium BSI was documented. Among GNB, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae rates increased. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) GNB, especially ESBL-E. coli and MDR-P. aeruginosa, emerged in 2008 and has gradually increased. IEAT against MDR-P. aeruginosa, but not in other MDR-GNB, augmented throughout the study period. Overall, 30-day and related mortality rates were 12.7% and 7.7% respectively, both increasing over time (p < 0.001 and p = 0.025). In GNB, 30-day and related mortality were 18.5% and 12.8%, respectively, increasing over time (p < 0.001 and p = 0.004). To conclude, important BSI epidemiological changes were described in a 25-year period. Concerning increase in IEAT for P. aeruginosa infections and rising 30-day mortality rate were documented.

4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(11): 2281-2286, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325586

RESUMO

Diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease relies on the presence of GI symptoms and detection of CMV, mainly by immunohistochemistry (IHC), in GI biopsy specimens. Thus, in a symptomatic patient, a positive CMV-IHC result is accepted as a diagnosis of CMV disease. However, a positive CMV-PCR in GI tissue is considered "possible" CMV disease. Therefore, it would be very useful if, in practice, both techniques showed equal sensitivity and reliability. This is because PCR has many practical advantages over IHC for detecting CMV. The aim of this study was to compare quantitative PCR with IHC for the diagnosis of GI CMV disease. A total of 186 endoscopic GI biopsy specimens from 123 patients with GI symptoms after an allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT; 2004-2017) were analyzed by IHC and PCR on 113 paraffin-embedded and 73 fresh samples. The results were then compared. Of the patients with macroscopic lesions in the mucosa and CMV-IHC-positive biopsy specimens (eg, "proven" CMV disease, n = 28), all but 1 were CMV-PCR positive. Of the patients without macroscopic lesions in the mucosa and CMV-IHC-positive biopsy specimens (eg, probable CMV disease, n = 4), only 1 was CMV-PCR positive. Eight patients had CMV-IHC-negative/CMV-PCR-positive gut biopsy specimens. These cases fall within the current definition of possible CMV disease. In 6 of these 8 cases (75%), the viral load in GI tissue was very high (>10,000 copies/µg). Taken together, the results from the proven and probable cases revealed that CMV-PCR shows the same sensitivity (100%), specificity (98%), and positive (93%) and negative predictive value (100%) as CMV-IHC. Detection of CMV in fresh GI mucosa by quantitative PCR is as useful as IHC for the diagnosis of GI CMV disease. The results show that quantitative PCR has the same sensitivity, specificity, and positive/negative predictive value as IHC.

5.
Transfusion ; 59(8): 2636-2642, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been increasingly used as a second-line therapy for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) but there is no consensus regarding the best therapeutic schedule. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Our offline ECP schedule for treating patients with GVHD was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with acute GVHD were treated on 2 days per week for the first 2 weeks, followed by 1 day per week for 2 more weeks. After the first month of treatment, patients received treatment 1 day every 2 weeks for a minimum of 16 ECP procedures. Patients with chronic GVHD were treated on 1 day per week for 4 weeks followed by 1 day every 2 weeks for a minimum of 14 ECP procedures. RESULTS: Our series comprises 21 (45%) patients with acute GVHD and 26 (55%) patients with chronic GVHD who received 667 ECP procedures. A median (interquartile range [IQR]) of 1.0 (1.0-1.12) total blood volume was processed. Patients with acute and chronic GVHD received ECP procedures during a median of 49 (IQR, 14-103) and 180 (IQR, 111-274) days, respectively. Mild citrate-induced symptoms were present in 98 (46%) and 232 (51%) procedures in patients with acute and chronic GVHD, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) were 57 and 38% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17%-59%), respectively, for patients with acute GVHD. For patients with chronic GVHD, ORR and OS were 77 and 61% (95% CI, 18%-87%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Our new offline ECP schedule for treating patients with acute and chronic GVHD was efficacious and safe.

6.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(8): 1295-1303, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664727

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) has demonstrated to be an effective treatment for patients with light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. However, a high transplant-related mortality (TRM) rate was reported in previous series of patients and questioned the role of transplant in this disease. Recently, experienced groups have shown a significant TRM decrease that has been attributed to an accurate selection of patients. Moreover, application of several supportive measures has decreased toxicity over amyloid-involved organs. We analyzed a series of 66 patients with AL amyloidosis, who underwent ASCT at a single institution and evaluated the impact of these measures beyond patient selection. Four temporary groups were established: group-A (non-selection plus post-transplant G-CSF use) with 29 patients, group-B (selection) with 13, group-C (selection and G-CSF avoidance) with 14, and group-D (selection, G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroid's prophylaxis) with 10. A decreasing TRM was observed over time from group-A (38%), to group-D (0%); p = 0.02. We also observed a progressive increase of three-year OS from 62% in group-A to 100% in group-D; p = 0.049. On the multivariate analysis, cardiac involvement was the only independent predictor of survival. Therefore, tailored selection policy together with transplant supportive measures have allowed ASCT to be a safe procedure in AL amyloidosis.

7.
Haematologica ; 104(4): 778-788, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954928

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been associated with tumor progression, invasion, and chemotherapy resistance in different cancer subtypes. Although the CXCR4 pathway has recently been suggested as an adverse prognostic marker in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, its biological relevance in this disease remains underexplored. In a homogeneous set of 52 biopsies from patients, an antibody-based cytokine array showed that tissue levels of CXCL12 correlated with high microvessel density and bone marrow involvement at diagnosis, supporting a role for the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis in disease progression. We then identified the tetra-amine IQS-01.01RS as a potent inverse agonist of the receptor, preventing CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis and triggering apoptosis in a panel of 18 cell lines and primary cultures, with superior mobilizing properties in vivo than those of the standard agent. IQS-01.01RS activity was associated with downregulation of p-AKT, p-ERK1/2 and destabilization of MYC, allowing a synergistic interaction with the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain inhibitor, CPI203. In a xenotransplant model of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the combination of IQS-01.01RS and CPI203 decreased tumor burden through MYC and p-AKT downregulation, and enhanced the induction of apoptosis. Thus, our results point out an emerging role of CXCL12-CXCR4 in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and support the simultaneous targeting of CXCR4 and bromodomain proteins as a promising, rationale-based strategy for the treatment of this disease.

8.
Cancer ; 125(1): 90-98, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who develop disease progression after undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) remains challenging. METHODS: The authors assessed outcomes in 184 adult patients with HL who developed disease recurrence or progression after a matched related or unrelated allo-SCT at European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation-participating centers between 2010 and 2014. RESULTS: Eighty patients who received brentuximab vedotin (BV) salvage therapy were compared with 104 patients who did not. Patients in the BV group were younger (median age of 30 years vs 34 years) and were more likely to receive pretransplant BV (65% vs 46%) or posttransplant donor lymphocyte infusion (66% vs 33%). The 2 groups otherwise were comparable. Patients in the BV group received a median of 6 doses of posttransplant BV, resulting in a complete remission rate of 29%, a partial response rate of 45%, and a stable disease rate of 26%. Response to BV after allo-SCT did not appear to be affected by receipt of pretransplant BV. Despite a longer median follow-up for surviving patients in the BV group (33 months vs 23 months; P<.001), approximately 34% of the original BV cohort were alive and in CR at the time of last follow-up versus 18% in the group that did not receive BV (P=.003). The use of BV before donor lymphocyte infusion was found to be associated with the highest probability of being alive and in CR (40%) at the time of last follow-up. Salvage BV appeared to have no effect on chronic graft-versus-host disease or 1-year overall survival from the time of disease recurrence after allo-SCT (76% vs 67%). CONCLUSIONS: BV is a safe and effective salvage therapy for patients with HL who develop disease recurrence or progression after undergoing allo-SCT, even after prior exposure to BV.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(10): 2088-2093, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29753162

RESUMO

This study examined the impact of prednisone (PDN) on cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) according to donor and recipient CMV serostatus. Seventy-five patients underwent allo-SCT from June 2010 to July 2012. The risk of CMV infection according to donor and recipient serostatus was defined as follows: high risk (HR; D-/R+), intermediate risk (IR; D+/R+ and D+/R-), and low risk (D-/R-). Forty-five patients (60%) developed CMV infection, and 46 patients (61%) received steroids (PDN ≥ 1 mg/kg/day) to treat acute graft-versus-host disease. CMV infection was more common in those treated with steroids than in those not treated with steroids (70% versus 44%, respectively, P < .05). Overall, 40% of patients had recurrent CMV infection (50% PDN versus 24% no PDN, P < .05). Steroids had no impact on the incidence of CMV infection or its recurrence in HR patients; however, steroids did prolong the need for antiviral treatment. The incidence of CMV infection in IR patients was higher in those receiving PDN (80% PDN versus 41% no PDN, P = .01); recurrence rates were also higher (55% PDN versus 18% no PDN, P = .02). We analyzed CMV-specific immune reconstitution in the first 22 patients of the series and observed that patients on steroids had lower levels of CMV-specific lymphocytes TCD8 (P < .05 on days +60, +100, and +180) and that CMV-specific immune reconstitution (defined as lymphocytes CD8/IFN ≥ 1 cell/µL) was achieved later (after day +100 post-SCT) in the steroid group.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/induzido quimicamente , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Esteroides/administração & dosagem
10.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(12): 1541-1547, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706650

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is standard for young patients in MM and its TRM has decreased after the 2000s. Bortezomib and immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs) in MM have improved the outcome. However, they seem to boost pro-inflammatory stage increasing the incidence of engraftment syndrome (ES). Favorable factors in PBSCT such as G-CSF could increase inflammatory stage during transplant. Corticosteroids have shown an excellent response of ES and some authors propose them as prophylaxis for ES. The aim was to analyze the impact of G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroids' prophylaxis in 170 patients diagnosed of MM treated with bortezomib/IMiDs that underwent PBSCT. We established three groups: Group-I [(G-CSF_administration), 60 patients (35%)], group-II [(nonG-CSF), 60 patients (35%)] and group-III [(nonG-CSF plus corticosteroid's prophylaxis), 50 patients (30%)]. A decreased ES incidence among groups was observed: 62, 42, and 22% (P < 0.0001). The incidence of symptoms mimicking a capillary leak syndrome associated with ES dropped: 43, 32, and 0% (P = 0.03). The G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroids had impact over admission 24, 21, and 20 days (P = 0.001). The most important variables related to ES were HCT-CI >2 (p < 0.0001; HR 8.5) and risk groups (p < 0.0001; HR 7.2). Hence, G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroid's prophylaxis decrease morbidity in patients undergoing PBSCT with MM treated with bortezomib/IMiDs.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos
11.
Transfus Med Rev ; 27(3): 166-70, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23562007

RESUMO

Immune hemolytic anemia is a well-recognized complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). There are 4 possible causes for this complication. First, antibodies present in the recipient destroy donor cells. Second, donor red cell antibodies at the time of stem cell infusion are transferred to the recipient. Third, sometimes, engrafted donor lymphocytes cause active production of red cell antibodies. Fourth, another cause of hemolysis after allogeneic HSCT is autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). It is thought to be due to antibodies produced by the donor's immune system against antigens on red cells of donor origin. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia after allogeneic HSCT is rare, it is still not well characterized, and it represents a life-threatening situation. We describe 2 patients with acute myeloid leukemia treated with intensive chemotherapy and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCBT). One patient developed AIHA at day +182 and the other at day +212 after receiving UCBT. Patients received 5 and 7 line treatment options, respectively, including continuous corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, splenectomy, cyclophosphamide, plasma exchange, rituximab, bortezomib, and eculizumab. However, both patients died because of massive hemolysis after 85 and 106 days of intensive treatment, respectively. These cases reflect the extreme difficulty in the therapeutic management of patients with AIHA following UCBT. After an extensive review of the literature, the exact physiopathologic mechanisms of AIHA after allogeneic HSCT in general, and after UCBT in particular, and therefore an effective treatment remain unknown.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/etiologia , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 54(1): 62-8, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22784364

RESUMO

Consolidation radiotherapy (cRT) in patients with stage I/II diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the Waldeyer's ring (WR-DLBCL) in complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy (CHT) is often associated with relevant acute and chronic toxicity, and its impact on survival remains to be defined. A total of 184 patients in CR after anthracycline-based chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed: 62 underwent CHT alone (CHT group), while 122 (66%) patients were referred to cRT (CHT + RT group). After a median follow-up of 54 months, 36 patients (20%) experienced relapse: 19% in the CHT group and 20% in the CHT + RT group. At the time of analysis 47 (76%) CHT patients and 97 (80%) CHT + RT patients were alive. Five-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and lymphoma-specific survival (LSS) were 80%, 74% and 86%, respectively. Five-year OS was significantly prolonged in the CHT + RT group, while DFS and LSS were similar between groups. This discrepancy was attributed to a high percentage of deaths due to unrelated causes in CHT patients. cRT does not prolong LSS in patients with early-stage WR-DLBCL in CR after anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. An international confirmatory trial is warranted.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Br J Haematol ; 153(3): 334-40, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21375524

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL), a typically nodal disease, can arise in extranodal sites in about 10% of cases. The present study aimed to analyse the main differential features of patients with primary extranodal FL. Thirty-nine patients with primary extranodal FL were identified from a series of 354 patients with FL diagnosed at a single institution and their main clinicobiological features were analysed. Twenty patients (5·6%) had a primary extranodal non-cutaneous FL, and 19 (5·4%) a cutaneous FL. BCL2(+) and CD10(+) expression and BCL2/IGHJ@ rearrangement were less frequently observed in cutaneous FL. Absence of 'B'-symptoms, early stage, absence of bone marrow involvement and low-risk Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) were more frequent in extranodal FL. Five-year overall survival (OS) was 100%, 83% and 78% for cutaneous, non-cutaneous and nodal FL, respectively. When stage I patients were analysed separately, no differences were seen in terms of OS. In multivariate analysis, FLIPI was the most important variable to predict outcome. In conclusion, extranodal FLs, particularly cutaneous, have particular clinico-biological features, which differentiate them from nodal cases. Nevertheless, primary site of the disease is not the main issue to predict outcome.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neprilisina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Blood ; 117(18): 4836-43, 2011 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21441466

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) can be divided into germinal-center B cell-like (GCB) and activated-B cell-like (ABC) subtypes by gene-expression profiling (GEP), with the latter showing a poorer outcome. Although this classification can be mimicked by different immunostaining algorithms, their reliability is the object of controversy. We constructed tissue microarrays with samples of 157 DLBCL patients homogeneously treated with immunochemotherapy to apply the following algorithms: Colomo (MUM1/IRF4, CD10, and BCL6 antigens), Hans (CD10, BCL6, and MUM1/IRF4), Muris (CD10 and MUM1/IRF4 plus BCL2), Choi (GCET1, MUM1/IRF4, CD10, FOXP1, and BCL6), and Tally (CD10, GCET1, MUM1/IRF4, FOXP1, and LMO2). GEP information was available in 62 cases. The proportion of misclassified cases by immunohistochemistry compared with GEP was higher when defining the GCB subset: 41%, 48%, 30%, 60%, and 40% for Colomo, Hans, Muris, Choi, and Tally, respectively. Whereas the GEP groups showed significantly different 5-year progression-free survival (76% vs 31% for GCB and activated DLBCL) and overall survival (80% vs 45%), none of the immunostaining algorithms was able to retain the prognostic impact of the groups (GCB vs non-GCB). In conclusion, stratification based on immunostaining algorithms should be used with caution in guiding therapy, even in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunofenotipagem , Imunoterapia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Prognóstico , Rituximab , Adulto Jovem
15.
Adv Ther ; 27(10): 704-13, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20820973

RESUMO

Nowadays, there is no consensus about the best treatment for patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) in differing situations. In frontline treatment, a watchful waiting policy remains a good option if the patient has no risk criteria; the role of rituximab is under investigation in this setting. In patients needing therapy, immunotherapy or immunochemotherapy are the best options; although it has not been established which chemotherapy, including cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (CVP); cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP); fludarabine, or bendamustine combinations, is the best partner for rituximab. Following frontline treatment, recent and still unpublished data strongly suggest a role for maintenance with rituximab, instead of observation only. At relapse, immunochemotherapy is the standard induction approach. The role of maintenance after induction is well established, although comparative studies with autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) or other combinations are warranted. The role of ASCT in this setting is a matter of discussion. Other monoclonal antibodies, as well as vaccines and other immunotherapies, are currently under investigation. Finally, allogeneic transplantation should be reserved for a very select group of young high-risk patients in the setting of clinical trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/imunologia , Compostos de Mostarda Nitrogenada/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Radioimunoterapia , Rituximab , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
16.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 51(7): 1225-32, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20497002

RESUMO

To study the main clinico-biological characteristics and the outcome of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) according to the primary site (nodal vs. extranodal), we included 262 patients consecutively diagnosed with DLBCL in a single institution, 5 years before and after immunochemotherapy was considered as the standard treatment. Altogether 116 patients received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone) and 146 rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP). The primary site was the lymph node in 140 patients (53%), Waldeyer's ring (WR) in 22, gastrointestinal (GI) in 33, and other extranodal in 67. The addition of rituximab significantly improved the CR rate in nodal, but not in extranodal, lymphomas. Patients receiving R-CHOP showed higher OS than those treated with CHOP alone (5-year OS: 71% vs. 48%). This difference was maintained in primary nodal (5-year OS: 69% vs. 37%, p < 0.0001), but was not observed in primary extranodal (75% vs. 65%, p = 0.45) lymphomas. The IPI, treatment, and primary site were the main variables for OS in multivariate analysis. In nodal cases, IPI and treatment maintained value, whereas only IPI predicted OS in extranodal cases. In conclusion, immunochemotherapy treatment dramatically improved the outcome of patients with nodal DLBCL; however, its effect was less in primary extranodal cases, so the prognosis of patients with nodal and extranodal lymphomas has been equalized in the rituximab era.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
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