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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068094

RESUMO

Clinical trials have shown that nivolumab has remarkable activity against relapsed/refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). However, the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) as consolidation therapy in these patients remains controversial. We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 74 patients treated with nivolumab. The overall response rate was 58% (including 30.6% with complete responses). Treatment-related adverse events were reported in 56.8% of patients (grade ≥3 in 9.4%). The main reasons for nivolumab discontinuation were referral for transplantation (41.7% patients) and disease progression (37.5%). The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was 52% for the entire series. Ultimately, 39 patients underwent allo-HSCT. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease was 33.3% (grade III-IV in 2 patients). The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality was 13.2%. Among the patients who responded to nivolumab, the 2-year OS and progression-free survival (PFS) were higher in patients who underwent consolidation with allo-HSCT (77.5% versus 42.6% [P = .126] and 73.9% versus 27.2% [P = .025], respectively). Thus, the efficacy and safety of nivolumab were comparable to values reported in previous clinical trials. The percentage of patients who bridged to transplantation was high, indicating a preference for Spanish physicians. These results suggest that consolidation allo-HSCT increases OS and PFS.

3.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(3): 456-466, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumour is an ultra-rare sarcoma, which encompasses different clinicopathological subgroups. The dedifferentiated subgroup shows an aggressive course with resistance to pazopanib, whereas in the malignant subgroup, pazopanib shows higher activity than in previous studies with chemotherapy. We designed a trial to test pazopanib activity in two different cohorts of solitary fibrous tumour: the malignant-dedifferentiated cohort, which was previously published, and the typical cohort, which is presented here. METHODS: In this single-arm, phase 2 trial, adult patients (aged ≥18 years) diagnosed with confirmed metastatic or unresectable typical solitary fibrous tumour of any location, who had progressed in the previous 6 months (by Choi criteria or Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 were enrolled at 11 tertiary hospitals in Italy, France, and Spain. Patients received pazopanib 800 mg once daily, taken orally, until progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, non-compliance, or a delay in pazopanib administration of longer than 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was proportion of patients achieving an overall response measured by Choi criteria in patients who received at least 1 month of treatment with at least one radiological assessment. All patients who received at least one dose of the study drug were included in the safety analyses. This study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02066285, and with the European Clinical Trials Database, EudraCT 2013-005456-15. FINDINGS: From June 26, 2014, to Dec 13, 2018, of 40 patients who were assessed, 34 patients were enrolled and 31 patients were included in the response analysis. Median follow-up was 18 months (IQR 14-34), and 18 (58%) of 31 patients had a partial response, 12 (39%) had stable disease, and one (3%) showed progressive disease according to Choi criteria and central review. The proportion of overall response based on Choi criteria was 58% (95% CI 34-69). There were no deaths caused by toxicity, and the most frequent adverse events were diarrhoea (18 [53%] of 34 patients), fatigue (17 [50%]), and hypertension (17 [50%]). INTERPRETATION: To our knowledge, this is the first prospective trial of pazopanib for advanced typical solitary fibrous tumour. The manageable toxicity and activity shown by pazopanib in this cohort suggest that this drug could be considered as first-line treatment for advanced typical solitary fibrous tumour. FUNDING: Spanish Group for Research on Sarcomas (GEIS), Italian Sarcoma Group (ISG), French Sarcoma Group (FSG), GlaxoSmithKline, and Novartis.

4.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-6, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063091

RESUMO

Oocyte maturation defect is a challenging situation in the management of infertility, the etiology may be related to endocrine causes, protocols used in ovarian stimulation, oocyte intrinsic defects or procedures in embryology laboratory. We report three Mexican females in treatment for primary infertility with non-mature oocytes after ovary stimulation and oocyte capture in whom a genetic diagnosis of TUBB8-oocyte maturation defect was revealed by exome sequencing. Two couples achieved pregnancies though oocyte donation after establishing the genetic etiology. Our results expand the role of TUBB8-disorders in patients of non-Asian ethnicity. Oocyte maturation defects of monogenic origin are a growing group of disorders that endocrinologists and reproductive medicine specialists should be aware in order to provide referral to genetics for establish a correct and opportune diagnosis.

5.
Ann Hematol ; 99(4): 799-808, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076827

RESUMO

Lymphomas are a large, heterogeneous group of neoplasms with well-defined characteristics, and this heterogeneity highlights the importance of epidemiological data. Knowledge of local epidemiology is essential to optimise resources, design clinical trials, and identify minority entities. Given there are few published epidemiological data on lymphoma in Spain, the Spanish Lymphoma and Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant Group created the RELINF project. The aim of this project is to determine the frequencies and distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in Spain and to analyse survival. We developed an online platform for the prospective collection of data on newly diagnosed cases of lymphoma in Spain between January 2014 and July 2018; 11,400 patients were registered. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) were the most frequent lymphomas in our series. Marginal B cell lymphoma frequency was higher than that reported in other studies, representing more than 11% of mature B cell lymphomas. Peripheral T cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) was the most common subtype of T cell lymphoma, and NK/T cell lymphomas were more frequent than expected (5.4% of total). Hodgkin's lymphoma accounted for 12% of lymphoproliferative syndromes. Overall survival was greater than 90% at 2 years for indolent B cell lymphomas, and approximately 60% for DLBCL, somewhat lower than that previously reported. Survival was poor for PTCL-NOS and angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma, as expected; however, it was somewhat better than that in other studies for anaplastic large cell anaplastic lymphoma kinase lymphomas. This is the first prospective registry to report the frequencies, distribution, and survival of lymphomas in Spain. The frequencies and survival data we report here are globally consistent with that reported in other Western countries. These updated frequencies and survival statistics are necessary for developing appropriate management strategies for neoplasias in the Spanish population.


Assuntos
Linfoma/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
JAMA Oncol ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077895

RESUMO

Importance: Active therapeutic combinations, such as trabectedin and radiotherapy, offer potentially higher dimensional response in second-line treatment of advanced soft-tissue sarcomas. Dimensional response can be relevant both for symptom relief and for survival. Objective: To assess the combined use of trabectedin and radiotherapy in treating patients with progressing metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 1 of this nonrandomized clinical trial followed the classic 3 + 3 design, with planned radiotherapy at a fixed dose of 30 Gy (3 Gy/d for 10 days) and infusion of trabectedin at 1.3 mg/m2 as the starting dose, 1.5 mg/m2 as dose level +1, and 1.1 mg/m2 as dose level -1. Phase 2 followed the Simon optimal 2-stage design. Allowing for type I and II errors of 10%, treatment success was defined as an overall response rate of 35%. This study was conducted in 9 sarcoma referral centers in Spain, France, and Italy from April 13, 2015, to November 20, 2018. Adult patients with progressing metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma and having undergone at least 1 previous line of systemic therapy were enrolled. In phase 2, patients fitting inclusion criteria and receiving at least 1 cycle of trabectedin and the radiotherapy regimen constituted the per-protocol population; those receiving at least 1 cycle of trabectedin, the safety population. Interventions: Trabectedin was administered every 3 weeks in a 24-hour infusion. Radiotherapy was required to start within 1 hour after completion of the first trabectedin infusion (cycle 1, day 2). Main Outcomes and Measures: The dose-limiting toxic effects of trabectedin (phase 1) and the overall response rate (phase 2) with use of trabectedin plus irradiation in metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. Results: Eighteen patients (11 of whom were male) were enrolled in phase 1, and 27 other patients (14 of whom were female) were enrolled in phase 2. The median ages of those enrolled in phases 1 and 2 were 42 (range, 23-74) years and 51 (range, 27-73) years, respectively. In phase 1, dose-limiting toxic effects included grade 4 neutropenia lasting more than 5 days in 1 patient at the starting dose level and a grade 4 alanine aminotransferase level increase in 1 of 6 patients at the +1 dose level. In phase 2, among 25 patients with evaluable data, the overall response rate was 72% (95% CI, 53%-91%) for local assessment and 60% (95% CI, 39%-81%) for central assessment. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this study suggest that the recommended dose of trabectedin for use in combination with this irradiation regimen is 1.5 mg/m2. The trial met its primary end point, with a high overall response rate that indicates the potential of this combination therapy for achieving substantial tumor shrinkage beyond first-line systemic therapy in patients with metastatic, progressing soft-tissue sarcomas. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02275286.

7.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912225

RESUMO

The authors present a case of functional improvement of diaphragmatic paralysis in high spinal cord injury, performing a neurotization of the phrenic nerve with accessory spinal nerve hemisection. A C1-C2 injury of the spinal cord was diagnosed in a 12-year-old male, secondary to resection of a brainstem glioma. The patient did not have diaphragmatic motility at the moment that the mechanical ventilation was removed; however, he presented apnea. The patient underwent neurotization of the right phrenic nerve with the right spinal accessory nerve, 5 months after the injury and 6 months after nerve transfer; he had complete mobilization of the right hemidiaphragm, nevertheless persisted with paralysis of the left hemidiaphragm. This achievement reduced the use of mechanical ventilation during the day.

8.
Eur J Haematol ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive heterogeneous lymphoma with standard treatment. However, 30%-40% of patients still fail, so we should know which patients are candidates for alternative therapies. IPI is the main prognostic score but, in the rituximab era, it cannot identify a very high-risk (HR) subset. The MD Anderson Cancer Center reported a score in the prerituximab era exclusively considering tumor-related variables: Tumor Score (TS). We aim to validate TS in the rituximab era and to analyze its current potential role. METHODS: From GELTAMO DLBCL registry, we selected those patients homogeneously treated with R-CHOP (n = 1327). RESULTS: Five-years PFS and OS were 62% and 74%. All variables retained an independent prognostic role in the revised TS (R-TS), identifying four different risk groups, with 5-years PFS of 86%, 71%, 50%, and very HR (28%). With a further categorization of three variables of the original TS (Ann Arbor Stage, LDH and B2M), we generated a new index that allowed an improvement in HR assessment. CONCLUSIONS: (a) All variables of the original TS retain an independent prognostic role, and R-TS remains predictive in the rituximab era; (b) R-TS and additional categorization of LDH, B2M, and AA stage (enhanced TS) increased the ability to identify HR subsets.

9.
Clinicoecon Outcomes Res ; 11: 695-701, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819561

RESUMO

Purpose: The availability of different routes of administration of rituximab, with different dosing and times of infusion in the day care unit, raises the question of which formulation would be the best in terms of direct cost, particularly with the approval of new intravenous (IV) rituximab biosimilars. We aim to retrospectively compare the direct costs of IV and subcutaneous (SC) rituximab in lymphoma, considering drug cost, pharmacy handling and occupation in day care unit in Son Espases University Hospital during 2017, now that the IV biosimilar is available. Patients and methods: The data were collected from Oncosafety®-AVIDA for doses and SAP® for economic data. The costs of occupation are published by the Local Health Service. Results: In 2017, 527 cycles were prescribed for 103 patients with lymphoma: 141 IV and 386 SC. Median doses were 690 mg and 1400 mg with a median cost of the drug of 1458.45€ and 1334.77€ for IV and SC routes, respectively. The nurse handling costs were 4.49€ and 2.24€, respectively. The cost of the day care unit occupation was 493€ and 123€, respectively. Overall, the median total cost per cycle was 1955.94€ for the IV, 1460.01€ for the SC and 1729€ for the biosimilar (p<0.001). The sensitivity analysis showed that it would be necessary for the cost of the IV biosimilar to be 34% lower than the price of SC rituximab to make a difference. Conclusion: This study shows a reduction in the cost with the administration of SC rituximab in real life compared with using the IV original rituximab and the biosimilar. This information is relevant for healthcare managers and administrations and applies only in the case of drugs with SC original presentations still not available in their correspondent biosimilars.

10.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782146

RESUMO

The International Prognostic Index (IPI) is the most widely used score for non-Hodgkin lymphoma but lacks the ability to identify a high-risk population in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Low absolute lymphocyte count and high monocytes have proved to be unfavourable factors. Red-cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with inflammation and beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) with tumour load. The retrospective study included 992 patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP. In the multivariate analysis, age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS), stage, bulky mass, B2M, RDW, and lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) were independently related to progression-free survival (PFS). A new prognosis score was generated with these variables including age categorized into three groups (0, 1, 2 points); ECOG ≥ 3-4 with two; stage III/IV, bulky mass, high B2M, LMR < 2·25 and RDW > 0·96 with one each; for a maximum of 9. This score could improve the discrimination of a very high-risk subgroup with five-year PFS and overall survival (OS) of 19% and 24% versus 45% and 59% of R (revised)-IPI respectively. This score also showed greater predictive ability than IPI. A new score is presented including complete blood cell count variables and B2M, which are readily available in real-life practice without additional tests. Compared to R-IPI, it shows a more precise high-risk assessment and risk discrimination for both PFS and OS.

11.
Cancer Med ; 8(16): 6955-6966, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consensus is lacking regarding the optimal salvage therapy for patients with follicular lymphoma who relapse after or are refractory to immunochemotherapy. METHODS: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of response-adapted therapy with rituximab, bendamustine, mitoxantrone, and dexamethasone (RBMD) in follicular lymphoma patients who relapsed after or were refractory to first-line immunochemotherapy. Sixty patients received three treatment cycles, and depending on their response received an additional one (complete/unconfirmed complete response) or three (partial response) cycles. Patients who responded to induction received rituximab maintenance therapy for 2 years. RESULTS: Thirty-three (55%) and 42 (70%) patients achieved complete/unconfirmed complete response after three cycles and on completing induction therapy (4-6 cycles), respectively (final overall response rate, 88.3%). Median progression-free survival was 56.4 months (median follow-up, 28.3 months; 95% CI, 15.6-51.2). Overall survival was not reached. Progression-free survival did not differ between patients who received four vs six cycles (P = .6665), nor between patients who did/did not receive rituximab maintenance after first-line therapy (P = .5790). Median progression-free survival in the 10 refractory patients was 25.5 months (95% CI, 0.6-N/A) and was longer in patients who had shown progression of disease after 24 months of first-line therapy (median, 56.4 months; 95% CI, 19.8-56.4) than in those who showed early progression (median, 42.31 months; 95% CI, 24.41-NA) (P = .4258). Thirty-six (60%) patients had grade 3/4 neutropenia. Grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia and infection were recorded during induction (4/60 [6.7%] and 5/60 [8.3%] patients, respectively) and maintenance (2/43 [4.5%] and 4/43 [9.1%] patients, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This response-adapted treatment with RBMD followed by rituximab maintenance is an effective and well-tolerated salvage treatment for relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma following first-line immunochemotherapy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov # NCT01133158.

12.
Nutrients ; 11(9)2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547239

RESUMO

Multiple pregnancy increases the risk of a range of adverse perinatal outcomes, including breastfeeding failure. However, studies on predictive factors of breastfeeding duration in preterm twin infants have a conflicting result. The purpose of this observational study was to compare feeding practices, at hospital discharge, of twin and singleton very low birth weight infants. The study is part of a prospective survey of a national Spanish cohort of very low birth weight infants (SEN1500) that includes 62 neonatal units. The study population comprised all infants registered in the network from 2002 to 2013. They were grouped into singletons and multiples. The explanatory variables were first analyzed using univariate models; subsequently, significant variables were analyzed simultaneously in a multiple stepwise backward model. During the twelve-year period, 32,770 very low birth weight infants were included in the database, of which 26.957 were discharged alive and included in this analysis. Nine thousand seven hundred and fifty-eight neonates were multiples, and 17,199 were singletons. At discharge, 31% of singleton infants were being exclusively breastfed, 43% were bottle-fed, and 26% were fed a combination of both. In comparison, at discharge, only 24% of multiple infants were exclusively breastfed, 43% were bottle-fed, and 33% were fed a combination of both (p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, twin pregnancy had a statistically significant, but small effect, on cessation of breastfeeding before discharge (OR 1.10; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.19). Risks of early in-hospital breastfeeding cessation were also independently associated with multiple mother-infant stress factors, such as sepsis, intraventricular hemorrhage, retinopathy, necrotizing enterocolitis, intubation, and use of inotropes. Instead, antibiotic treatment at delivery, In vitro fertilization and prenatal steroids were associated with a decreased risk for shorter in-hospital breastfeeding duration. Multiple pregnancy, even in the absence of pathological conditions associated to very low birth weight twin infants, may be an impeding factor for in-hospital breastfeeding.

13.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(4): 1267-1280, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364724

RESUMO

Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is a challenge for oncologists, and public efforts should focus on identifying additional molecular markers and therapeutic management to improve clinical outcomes. Among all diagnosed cases of breast cancer (BC; approximately 10%) involve metastatic disease; notably, approximately 40% of patients with early­stage BC develop metastasis within 5 years. The management of MBC consists of systemic therapy. Despite different treatment options, the 5­year survival rate is <20%, which may be due to a lack of response with de novo or acquired resistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are promising biomarkers as they are readily detectable and have a broad spectrum and potential clinical applications. The aim of this study was to identify a miRNA profile for distinguishing patients with MBC who respond to systemic treatment. Patients with MBC were treated according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. We performed miRNA­Seq on 9 primary tumors using the Thermo Fisher Scientific Ion S5 system. To obtain global miRNA profiles, we carried out differentially expressed gene elimination strategy (DEGES) analysis between the responsive and non­responsive patients. The results identified a profile of 12 miRNAs associated with the response to systemic treatment. The data were validated in an independent cohort (TCGA database). Based on the results, the upregulation of miR­342­3p and miR­187­3p was associated with the response to systemic treatment, and with an increased progression­free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS); by contrast, the downregulation of miR­301a­3p was associated with a higher PFS and OS. On the whole, the findings of this study indicate that these miRNAs may serve as biomarkers for the response to systemic treatment or the prognosis of patients with MBC. However, these data should be validated experimentally in other robust cohorts and using different specimens before implementing these miRNAs as biomarkers in clinical practice to benefit this group of patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(9): 1252-1262, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma is a rare sarcoma with low sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Retrospective evidence suggests that antiangiogenic drugs could be a treatment option. We aimed to investigate the activity of pazopanib, an antiangiogenic drug, in patients with advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. METHODS: In this single-arm, open-label phase 2 trial, three parallel independent cohorts of different histotypes of advanced sarcomas were recruited (extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, typical solitary fibrous tumour, and malignant-dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumour). In each cohort, patients received pazopanib. In this Article, we report the results of the cohort of patients with advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Separate reporting of the three cohorts was prespecified in the study protocol. In this cohort, adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with a diagnosis of NR4A3-translocated, metastatic, or unresectable extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, who had Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) progression in the previous 6 months, and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, were enrolled at 11 study sites of the Spanish, Italian, and French sarcoma groups. Patients received oral pazopanib (800 mg/day) continuously, until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, non-compliance, patient refusal, or investigator's decision. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving an objective response according to RECIST 1·1 in the modified intention-to-treat population (patients who provided consent and had a central molecularly confirmed diagnosis of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma). The safety analysis included all patients who received at least one dose of pazopanib. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02066285. FINDINGS: Between June 24, 2014, and Jan 17, 2017, 26 patients entered the study and started pazopanib. Of these, 23 met the eligibility criteria for the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Median follow-up was 27 months (IQR 18-30). 22 patients (one patient died before the primary analysis) were evaluable for the primary endpoint: four (18% [95% CI 1-36]) had a RECIST objective response. No deaths or grade 4 adverse events occurred. The most frequent grade 3 adverse events were hypertension (nine [35%] of 26 patients), increased concentration of alanine aminotransferase (six [23%]), and increased aspartate aminotransferase (five [19%]). INTERPRETATION: Pazopanib had clinically meaningful antitumour activity in patients with progressive and advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, and could be considered a suitable option after failure to respond to first-line anthracycline-based chemotherapy in these patients. FUNDING: Spanish Group for Research on Sarcomas, Italian Sarcoma Group, French Sarcoma Group, GlaxoSmithKline, and Novartis.

15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1825-1831, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152794

RESUMO

Persistent thrombocytopenia is a common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Romiplostim and eltrombopag are the currently available thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs), and some studies with very small numbers of cases have reported their potential efficacy in the allo-SCT setting. The present retrospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of TPO-RAs in 86 patients with persistent thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT. Sixteen patients (19%) had isolated thrombocytopenia (PT), and 71 (82%) had secondary failure of platelet recovery (SFPR). TPO-RA therapy was started at a median of 127 days (range, 27 to 1177 days) after allo-SCT. The median initial and maximum administered doses were 50 mg/day (range, 25 to 150 mg/day) and 75 mg/day (range, 25 to 150 mg/day), respectively, for eltrombopag and 1 µg/kg (range, 1 to 7 µg/kg) and 5 µg/kg (range, 1 to 10 µg/kg), respectively, for romiplostin. The median platelet count before initiation of TPO-RA therapy was 14,000/µL (range, 1000 to 57,000/µL). Platelet recovery to ≥50,000/µL without transfusion support was achieved in 72% of patients at a median time of 66 days (range, 2 to 247 days). Eighty-one percent of the patients had a decreased number of megakaryocytes before treatment, showing a slower response to therapy (P = .011). The median duration of treatment was 62 days (range, 7 to 700 days). Grade 3-4 adverse events (hepatic and asthenia) were observed in only 2% of the patients. At last follow-up, 81% of patients had discontinued TPO-RAs and maintained response, and 71% were alive. To our knowledge, this is the largest series analyzing the use of TPO-RAs after allo-SCT reported to date. Our results support the efficacy and safety in this new setting. Further prospective trials are needed to increase the level of evidence and to identify predictors of response.

16.
Radiology ; 292(1): 103-109, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084479

RESUMO

Background Progression-free survival (PFS) determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) is the reference standard to assess efficacy of treatments in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Purpose To assess the most common components of radiologic progressive disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma and how the progression events impact PFS. Materials and Methods This secondary analysis of the phase III METEOR trial conducted between 2013 and 2014 included patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, with at least one target lesion at baseline and one follow-up time point, who were determined according to RECIST 1.1 to have progressive disease. A chest, abdominal, and pelvic scan were acquired at each time point. Kruskal-Wallis analysis was used to test differences in median PFS among the RECIST 1.1 progression events. The Holm-Bonferroni method was used to compare the median PFS of the progression events for the family-wise error rate of 5% to adjust P values for multiple comparisons. Results Of the 395 patients (296 men, 98 women, and one patient with sex not reported; mean age, 61 years ± 10), 73 (18.5%) had progression due to non-target disease, 105 (26.6%) had new lesions, and 126 (31.9%) had progression of target lesions (defined by an increase in the sum of diameters). Patients with progression of non-target disease and those with new lesions had shorter PFS than patients with progression defined by the target lesions (median PFS, 2.8 months [95% confidence interval {CI}: 1.9 months, 3.7 months] and 3.6 months [95% CI: 3.3 months, 3.7 months] vs 5.4 months [95% CI: 5.0 months, 5.5 months], respectively [P < .01]). Conclusion The most common causes for radiologic progression of renal cell carcinoma were based on non-target disease and new lesions rather than change in target lesions, despite this being considered uncommon in the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 literature. © RSNA, 2019 See also the editorial by Kuhl in this issue.

17.
EClinicalMedicine ; 9: 35-43, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143880

RESUMO

Background: Myxoid liposarcoma (ML) exhibits a special sensitivity to trabectedin (T) and radiation therapy (RT). Preclinical data suggest a synergistic effect. We aimed to study safety, feasibility and activity of the administration of pre-operative concurrent T and RT in patients affected by localized resectable ML. Methods: Patients received 3 cycles (C) of T in combination with RT (45 Gy) in 25 fractions (1.8 Gy/fraction). Dose Levels for T were: - 1 (1.1 mg/m2), 0 (1.3 mg/m2) and 1 (1.5 mg/m2). Primary endpoint was safety; antitumor activity was assessed by RECIST and Choi criteria. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02275286. The phase 1 part of the study is complete and phase 2 is ongoing. Findings: From February 2015 to May 2016, 14 patients (M/F 7/7), median age 36 years (range 24-70) and median tumor size 12.5 cm (range 7-17 cm), were enrolled. One dose limiting toxicity (G3 transaminitis) occurred at Level 0 and one (sepsis due to catheter infection) at Level 1. All patients completed RT. Five patients achieved PR (36%), 8 SD (57%), 1 distant PD (7%) by RECIST, while 12 achieved PR (86%), 1 SD (7%) and 1 distant PD (7%) by Choi criteria. Twelve patients underwent surgery. Median viable residual tumor was 5% (0-60). Interpretation: T in combination with RT showed a favorable safety profile and antitumor activity in localized ML. T dose of 1.5 mg/m2 is the recommended dose for the phase 2 study, which is ongoing. Funding: This study was partially supported by Pharmamar.

18.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 80, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30983885

RESUMO

Background: Invasion and metastasis are determinant events in the prognosis of Colorectal cancer (CRC), a common neoplasm worldwide. An important factor for metastasis is the acquired capacity of the cell to proliferate and invade adjacent tissues. In this paper, we explored the role of micro-RNA-26a in the regulation of proliferation and migration in CRC-derived cells through the negative regulation of PTEN, a key negative regulator of the AKT pathway. Methods: Expression levels of PTEN and mir-26a were surveyed in normal and CRC-derived cell lines; paraffin embedded human tissues, TCGA CRC expression data and a Balb/c mice orthotopic induced CRC model. CRC was induced by an initial intraperitoneal dose of the colonic carcinogen Azoxymethane followed by inflammatory promoter Dextran Sulfate Sodium Salt. Luciferase assays provide information about miR-26a-PTEN 3'UTR interaction. Proliferation and migration by real time cell analysis and wound-healing functional analyses were performed to assess the participation of mir-26a on important hallmarks of CRC and its regulation on the PTEN gene. Results: We observed a negative correlation between PTEN and mir-26a expression in cell lines, human tissues, TCGA data, and tissues derived from the CRC mouse model. Moreover, we showed that negative regulation of PTEN exerted by miR-26a affected AKT phosphorylation levels directly. Functional assays showed that mir-26a directly down-regulates PTEN, and that mir-26a over-expressing cells had higher proliferation and migration rates. Conclusions: All this data proposes an important role of mir-26a as an oncomir in the progression and invasion of CRC. Our data suggested that mir-26a could be used as a biomarker of tumor development in CRC patients, however more studies must be conducted to establish its clinical role.

19.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 58(2): 192-195, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we report an experience of 59 natural-cycle IVF combined with in vitro oocyte maturation (IVF/M) cycles in patients with PCOS requiring IVF recruited based on limitations to afford a conventional IVF treatment in a 9-years period. Results of IVF/M were compared with 164 cycles of IVF in PCOS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In IVF/M cycles only hCG priming was used before oocyte recovery, with in vitro maturation of immature oocytes in a commercial medium. In conventional IVF group, recombinant FSH (rFSH) and GnRH agonist/antagonist for ovarian stimulation were used. In both groups, fertilization was achieved by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of mature oocytes and fresh embryos transferred at day 2 or day 3. RESULTS: In all IVF/M cycles oocytes and transferable quality embryos were obtained, only in 6 IVF/M cycles mature oocytes were obtained at oocyte capture day. Clinical pregnancy rate per cycle was 39.0% vs 53.6% (p = 0.0682) and delivery rate per cycle was 30.5% vs 42.6% (p = 0.1209) in IVF/M and conventional IVF respectively. Patients with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) were 0% in IVF/M vs 6.7% in conventional IVF (p = 0.0399). CONCLUSION: Our experience in a private clinic in Mexico suggests that IVF/M can be a useful initial strategy to treat PCOS patients requiring IVF with comparable delivery rates to conventional IVF and a decreased risk of ovary hyperstimulation. IVF/M may be indicated to patients with limited resources paying without insurance for their infertility treatment.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/economia , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Recuperação de Oócitos/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
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