Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Innovations (Phila) ; 15(5): 487-489, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938295

RESUMO

Embolic stroke is a major complication of cardiac surgery and there have been multiple methods developed to reduce this risk. Recent technology has produced 2 primary devices for producing a bloodless and clampless field to perform aortocoronary graft anastomosis. We present a case with a Class V aorta, deployment failure of one device after aortic punch, and salvage of the aortotomy with the other device.

2.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 34(8): 2111-2115, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe international practices on the use of calcium salts during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) weaning in adult cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Multiple-choice survey on current practice of CPB weaning. SETTING: Online survey using the SurveyMonkey platform. PARTICIPANTS: Departments of cardiac anesthesiology worldwide. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Out of 112 surveys sent, 100 centers from 32 countries replied. The majority of centers (88 of 100 = 88%) administer calcium salts intraoperatively: 71 of 100 (71%) are using these drugs for CPB weaning and 78 of 100 (78%) for correction of hypocalcemia. Among the 88 centers that use calcium salts intraoperatively, 66% (58 of 88) of respondents use calcium chloride, 22% (19 of 88) use calcium gluconate, and 12% (11 of 88) use both drugs. Calcium salts are routinely used during normal (47 of 71 centers = 66%) and difficult (59 of 71 centers = 83%) weaning from CPB. Doses of 5 to 15 mg/kg during termination of CPB were used by 55 of 71 centers (77%) either by bolus (39 of 71, 55%) or over a time period longer than 1 minute (32 of 71 = 45%). Norepinephrine is the most commonly used first line vasopressor or inotropic agent used to support hemodynamics during termination of CPB in 32 out of 100 centers (32%), and calcium is the second one, used by 23 out of 100 centers (23%). CONCLUSION: This survey demonstrates that the majority of cardiac centers use calcium in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery, especially during weaning from CPB. There is variability on the type of drug, dose, and modality of drug administration.

3.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(12): 3366-3374, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129071

RESUMO

Deep hypothermic perfusionless circulatory arrest was the first practical neuroprotective technique used for open-heart surgery. It was refined at the Novosibirsk Medical Research Center in Siberia and was actively used from the mid-1950s until 2001.This review describes the development of this technique and its contribution to our understanding of the dynamic changes in human physiology during induced hypothermia for circulatory arrest without extracorporeal perfusion. Deep hypothermic perfusionless circulatory arrest was an important stepping stone in the development of modern approaches in neuroprotection and monitoring during cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/história , Cardiologia/história , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Parada Circulatória Induzida por Hipotermia Profunda/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Federação Russa
4.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(12): 3358-3365, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072269

RESUMO

Anesthesiology, the branch of medicine concerning anesthesia and management of the vital functions of patients undergoing surgery, has played an important role in the development of cardiac surgery. In the middle of the last century, medical professionals had little experience in the treatment of congenital and acquired heart diseases. Progress of cardiac anesthesiology in Russia, as well as in countries across the globe, was due to requests to increase the safety of surgical procedures and to improve survival rates for the increasing number of patients with complex heart diseases. The development of cardiac surgery and anesthesiology in Russia evolved in 2 directions simultaneously in the mid-1950s. Some surgeons widely accepted the use of perfusionless hypothermia (hypothermia caused by surface cooling without perfusion); others were in favor of cardiopulmonary bypass technology. This review focuses on major historic milestones of cardiac anesthesiology in Russia, including its current status and the major problems it faces today.


Assuntos
Anestesia/história , Anestesiologia/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/história , Cardiologia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Federação Russa
5.
HPB (Oxford) ; 19(7): 620-628, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28495438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative vascular thrombotic events in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective UNOS database analysis, we evaluated the prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and factors contributing to PVT development in different ethnic groups. RESULTS: Of the 47 953 LT performed between 2002 and 2015, we identified 3642 cases of PVT. African Americans (AA) had a significantly lower prevalence of PVT compared to other ethnic groups (p = 0.0001). Multivariable regression analysis confirmed that AA were less likely than other ethnicities to have PVT (OR = 0.6). AA cohort was more likely to have infectious or autoimmune causes of liver failure (OR = 1.6, 1.7 respectively) as well as higher creatinine and INR compared to other groups (OR = 1.6, 1.3 respectively). AA's were less likely to have encephalopathy, ascites, or variceal bleeding, which might indicate lower portal pressures. AA's were listed for LT later than other ethnicities and had both a lower functional status and higher MELD score at the time of registration. DISCUSSION: AA's had a significantly lower prevalence of preoperative PVT despite having a greater number of factors predisposing to thrombosis. This predisposition should be considered before instituting perioperative antithrombotic therapy.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Falência Hepática/etnologia , Transplante de Fígado , Veia Porta , Trombose Venosa/etnologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Hepática/diagnóstico , Falência Hepática/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
6.
Am J Case Rep ; 18: 294-298, 2017 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28331172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a rare but life-threatening complication of heparin administration. It can present a major clinical dilemma for physicians caring for patients requiring life-saving urgent or emergent cardiac surgery. Studies have been published examining the use of alternative anticoagulants for patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), however, evidence does not clearly support any particular approach. Presently, there are no large-scale, prospective randomized studies examining the impact of alternative anticoagulants on clinical outcomes for HIT-positive patients requiring cardiac surgery. CASE REPORT We present the case of a patient who underwent SynCardia Total Artificial Heart (TAH) implantation following a recent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement. The patient was receiving argatroban for type II HIT with anuric renal failure, and developed a thrombus which occluded the inflow cannula of the LVAD. Based on a published study and after establishing consensus with the surgical, anesthesiology, perfusion, and hematology teams, we decided to use tirofiban as an antiplatelet agent to inhibit the platelet aggregation induced by heparin, and ultimately used heparin as the anticoagulant for cardiopulmonary bypass. CONCLUSIONS When selecting anticoagulation for a HIT-positive patient requiring CPB, so that benefits outweigh risks, it is of paramount importance that the decision be based on a multitude of factors. The team caring for the patient should have a shared mental model and be familiar with the pharmacology, devices used, and local practices. These three elements should be integrated with patient-specific comorbidities along with local monitoring capabilities to ensure safe, efficient patient care.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Coração Artificial , Heparina , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Tirofibana , Tirosina/análogos & derivados , Tirosina/uso terapêutico
7.
Case Rep Anesthesiol ; 2016: 4659891, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27721997

RESUMO

Goltz syndrome, also known as focal dermal hypoplasia, is a rare X-linked dominant multisystem syndrome presenting with cutaneous, skeletal, dental ocular, central nervous system and soft tissue abnormalities. This case report discusses an adult male patient with Goltz syndrome that was noted to have large, papillomatous, hypopharyngeal lesions upon induction of general anesthesia. We highlight challenges with airway management intraoperatively and postoperatively in patients with Goltz syndrome. Our aim is to increase awareness of the potential airway complications associated with this genetic disorder and to provide suggestions for optimal perioperative management for patients afflicted with Goltz syndrome.

8.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 76(4): 1190-6; discussion 1196-7, 2003 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14530010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage in thoracic aortic surgery using extracorporeal circulation (ECC) with systemic heparinization has not been established. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-two patients had descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic repair between 1993 and 2002. One hundred sixty-two of those patients (age range, 67 +/- 13 years) had repairs performed with ECC, systemic anticoagulation, and lumbar CSF drainage. Repairs performed without CSF drainage, without ECC, or by stent graft (n = 53) were excluded. The CSF catheters were inserted at L3 to L5. Cerebrospinal fluid was drained to maintain pressures of 10 to 12 mm Hg. In the absence of neurologic deficit or coagulopathy, the catheters were capped at 24 hours and removed at 48 hours. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage was continued beyond 24 hours for delayed onset paraparesis. RESULTS: Cerebrospinal fluid drains were used in 135 thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (extent I, n = 63; extent II, n = 25; extent III, n = 39; extent IV, n = 8) and 27 descending thoracic aortic repairs (aneurysm, n = 24; traumatic aortic injury, n = 2; aortic coarctation, n = 1). Partial left heart bypass was used in 132 patients, full cardiopulmonary bypass without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in 5, and cardiopulmonary bypass with adjunctive deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in 25. Time between catheter insertion and anticoagulation was 153 +/- 60 minutes. Heparin achieved an average maximum activated clotting time of 528 +/- 192 seconds. Average ECC time was 114 +/- 77 minutes. Average deep hypothermic circulatory arrest time was 40 +/- 12 minutes. Mortality was 14.1% (23 of 162), and permanent paraplegia was 4.9% (8 of 162). No epidural or spinal hematoma was observed. Six (3.7%) patients had catheter-related complications (temporary abducens nerve palsy [n = 1]; retained catheter fragments [n = 2]; retained catheter fragment and meningitis [n = 1]; isolated meningitis [n = 1]; and spinal headache [n = 1]). CONCLUSIONS: The CSF drainage in thoracic aortic surgery using ECC with full anticoagulation did not result in hemorrhagic complications. The permanent paraplegia rate in this complex patient population consisting of combined distal arch, thoracoabdominal aortic procedures were low, and lumbar CSF catheter-related complications had no permanent sequelae.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Drenagem/métodos , Paraplegia/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Parada Cardíaca Induzida , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Pressão Intracraniana , Região Lombossacral , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Segurança
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...