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Opt Express ; 23(2): 1505-11, 2015 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25835907


Lasing properties have been investigated for Yb(3+) doped glasses with similar emission cross sections (σ(emi)) and lifetime while possessing different Stark levels. Narrow Stark splitting of Yb(3+)-phosphate glass is responsible for severe heat generation, narrow emission band and much smaller σ(emi) at lasing wavelength, making Yb(3+)-phosphate glass unsuccessful to achieve laser output, whereas 1.166W cw laser was obtained in Yb(3+)-fluorophosphate (FP) glass with broader Stark splitting. Analysis on laser system levels reveals that under room temperature, Yb(3+) laser is quasi-3.13-level in phosphate glass and quasi-3.36-level in FP glass. These demonstrations suggest that unless the Stark splitting is enlarged, conventional Yb(3+)-phosphate glass is not a good gain medium for bulk Yb(3+)-laser.

Opt Express ; 22(8): 8831-42, 2014 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24787773


60Bi(2)O(3)-20B(2)O(3)-10SiO(2)-10Ga(2)O(3) glasses doped with 1-9 mol% Yb(2)O(3) were prepared and investigated mainly on their violet-green excitation for the typical NIR emission of Yb(3+), generally excited in the NIR. Two violet excitation bands at 365 nm and 405 nm are related to Yb(2+) and Bi(3+). 465 nm excitation band and 480 nm absorption band in the blue-green are assigned to Bi(0) metal nanoparticles/grains. Yb-content-dependence of the excitation and absorption means that Bi(0) is the reduced product of Bi(3+), but greatly competed by the redox reaction of Yb(2+) ↔ Yb(3+). It is proved that the violet-green excitations result in the NIR emission of Yb(3+). On the energy transfer, the virtual level of Yb(3+)-Yb(3+) as well as Bi(0) dimers probably plays an important role. An effective and controllable way is suggested to achieve nano-optical applications by Bi(0) metal nanoparticles/grains and Yb(3+).

Dalton Trans ; 43(21): 7752-9, 2014 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24699861


Magnesium spinel (MgAl2O4) powders doped with Yb(3+) ions have been synthesized by a sol-gel method and heat-treated in the range of 700-1000 °C for 3 h. XRD patterns indicated that the powders have a cubic structure with high crystallite dispersion. Nanoparticles in the range of 10-30 nm are obtained as a function of the dopant concentration and sintering temperature. The main Yb(3+) zero-phonon line is located at 976 nm. The spectroscopic properties of the Yb(3+) ions are characterized by broad absorption spectroscopy and emission spectroscopy. Even at low temperature, the spectra reveal a strong distorted spinel lattice due to the high inversion rate between Mg(2+) tetrahedral sites and Al(3+) octahedral sites. The substitution of Mg(2+) ions by Yb(3+) ions favors the creation of Yb(3+) ion pairs which are observed in the cooperative luminescence spectra at around 500 nm. The luminescence decays are influenced by both the Yb(3+) content, the energy transfer between ions and by the presence of pairs and aggregates. Detailed analysis of the observed structural and spectroscopic measurements has been described in this manuscript.