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1.
Mol Inform ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511896

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown the potential application of ivermectins in the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Ivermectin is a positive allosteric modulator (PAM) of P2X4R and this molecule exerts its action in the transmembrane region (known as the TM region) of trimeric channel structure (the pocket formed by Asp331, Met336, Trp46, Trp50, and Tyr42). The aim of this study is to identify FDA drugs with potential PAM properties, by exploring the P2X4Rs from four organisms (Danio rerio, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, and Homo sapiens). The in silico study consists of carrying out the molecular docking of 1656 FDA-approved drugs on the structure of P2X4R, using the commercially available compounds from the ZINC15 database for virtual screening. To strengthen the reliability of the results, two docking protocols were used involving the use of two programs, Autodock 4.2 and Autodock Vina. Nine FDA drugs with potential PAM properties were identified. In addition, eight molecules with potential negative allosteric modulator (NAM) action, and 13 molecules with potential allosteric modulator (AM) action were identified. The FDA drugs identified in this study with PAM, NAM, and AM action, shared in the P2X4Rs of the four organisms, can provide a guideline to proceed with research concerning new drugs for the study and treatment of AUD.

2.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538525

RESUMO

AIMS: This study describes the effect of phage therapy on hatching of longfin yellowtail (Seriola rivoliana) eggs challenged with Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae. METHODS AND RESULTS: A lytic phage (vB_Pd_PDCC-1) against P. damselae subsp. damselae was isolated and characterized. The use of phage vB_Pd_PDCC-1 increased the hatching rate of eggs, and reduced presumptive Vibrio species to non-detectable numbers, even in non-disinfected eggs. High-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis revealed that phage vB_Pd_PDCC-1 caused significant changes in the composition and structure of the associated microbiota, allowing that members (e.g., those belonging to the family Vibrionaceae) of the class Gammaproteobacteria to be displaced by members of the class Alphaproteobacteria. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this represents the first study evaluating phage therapy to control potential negative effects of P. damselae subsp. damselae during hatching of longfin yellowtail eggs. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The Seriola genus includes several important commercial fish species due to its rapid growth and easy adaptability to confinement conditions. However, bacterial infections (especially those caused by Vibrio and Photobacterium species) are among the main limiting factors for the intensification of marine fish aquaculture, particularly during early development stages. Therefore, the use of phages, which are natural killers of bacteria, represents a promising strategy to reduce the mortality of farmed organisms caused by pathogenic bacteria.

3.
Molecules ; 25(10)2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414128

RESUMO

Synthetic insecticides have been used for a long time as one of the most effective tools for insect pest control. However, the re-emergence of insect pests and their fast development of resistance, as has occurred for pyrethroid-resistant bed bugs Cimex lectularius L., make it necessary to develop new and safe strategies for effective pest control. This has fostered the research on new eco-sustainable formulations based on essential oils, which allows reducing the impact associated with the intensive use of synthetic insecticides on the environment and their effects on human health. This research explores the stability of water/eugenol/ethanol surfactantless emulsions loaded with imidacloprid (0.003 wt%), and their toxicity against a resistant bed bug strain. The results have shown that these emulsions enable the solubilization of a poorly water-soluble drug, such as the imidacloprid, without any significant modification of their stability. Furthermore, the application of the obtained formulations against the pyrethroid-resistant bed bug results in mortality in the 50-85% range upon topical and spray applications, with the increase of the eugenol content enhancing the effectiveness of the formulations. It may be expected that the ternary water/eugenol/ethanol mixtures could be further developed in the preparation of ready to use formulations, enabling the dispersion of insecticides for pest control.

4.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 185: 110578, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678812

RESUMO

Pseudo-binary mixtures of different glycolipids, four different rhamnolipids (RL) and an alkyl polyglucoside (APG), with poly(diallyl-dimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) have been studied in relation to their adsorption onto negatively charged surfaces to shed light on the impact of the molecular structure of surfactants from natural sources (instead of synthetic surfactant, such as sodium laureth sulfate) on the adsorption of hair-conditioning polymers. For this purpose, the self-assembly of such mixtures in aqueous solution and their adsorption onto negatively charged surfaces mimicking the negative charge of damaged hair fibres have been studied combining experiments and self-consistent field (SCF) calculations. The results show that the specific physico-chemical properties of the surfactants (charge, number of sugar rings present in surfactant structure and length of the hydrocarbon length) play a main role in the control of the adsorption process, with the adsorption efficiency and hydration being improved in relation to conventional sulfate-based systems for mixtures of PDADMAC and glycolipids with the shortest alkyl chains. SCF calculations and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis on real hair confirmed such observations. The results allow one to assume that the characteristic of the surfactants, especially rhamnolipids, conditions positively the adsorption potential of polyelectrolytes in these model systems. This study provides important insights on the mechanisms underlying the performance of more complex but eco-friendly washing formulations.


Assuntos
Glicolipídeos/química , Cabelo/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Polietilenos/química , Polímeros/química , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Tensoativos/química , Adsorção , Biomimética , Glicolipídeos/metabolismo , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Polímeros/administração & dosagem , Tensoativos/metabolismo
5.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(5): 487-492, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695237

RESUMO

Introduction: The low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) index is a predictive factor for atherosclerosis, which is associated with oxidative modifications. Objective: To assess the association of the index with oxidative stress markers. Methods: 444 subjects were included and were clinically, anthropometrically and biochemically characterized; superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3), magnesium and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) index (oxLDL/HDL) were quantified. Results: A decrease of 1.014 units in the LDL/HDL index was associated with a superoxide dismutase increase of 1 unit/mL (p = 0.030), while a decrease of 0.023 units was associated with a GPx3 increase of 1 nmol/min/mL (p < 0.0005). An increase of one unit in the index was associated with an increase of 0.831 in the oxLDL/HDL index (p < 0.05). After controlling for the effect of gender, age, smoking, obesity and insulin resistance, a reduction of 0.001 per index unit was associated with an increase of 1 µg/g of magnesium in the nails (p = 0.020). Conclusions: The LDL/HDL index shows an inverse relationship with the antioxidant status and a direct relationship with oxidation status, regardless of other cardiovascular and oxidative stress risk factors.


Assuntos
Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Magnésio/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/sangue , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
6.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 89(1): 111-117, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702728

RESUMO

Background: The ductus arteriosus is a necessary structure in fetal circulation, and its patency can produce hemodynamic alterations. The diagnostic gold standard is echocardiography, not always available. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), they have pulse oximetry that measures perfusion index (PI), which could be used as a diagnostic tool in hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSPDA). Objective: The objective of the study was to correlate the PI increment (ΔPI) in 24 and 72 h after birth with HSPDA in premature newborns of NICU in a second-level hospital. Materials and methods: This is an analytic prospective study which included neonates of 26-34 weeks of gestational age, without comorbidities, who underwent echocardiography and measurement of PI in arm and leg, 24 and 72 h after birth. We did bivariate analysis with X2/exact Fisher's test and Student's t-test/Mann-Whitney U-test, besides Spearman correlation and linear regression for value prediction. Results: We included 39 premature newborns. We did not find significant differences between patients without and with HSPDA (median: 0.22 [0.06-0.58] vs. 0.03 [-0.27-0.2]; p = 0.09) at 24 h neither 72 h after birth (median: 0.2 [0-0.47] vs. 0.45 [-0.37-0.76]; p = 0.47). We found a positive correlation between ductus arteriosus diameter (DAD) and ΔPI (r: 0.78; confidence interval 95%: 0.6-0.88; p = 0.01). The prediction formula with linear regression is expressed this way: DAD = 1.31 + (2.05 × ΔIP). Conclusions: The PI does not allow us to discriminate between patient without and with HSPDA. The ΔPI could be a tool for the monitorization of DAD in neonates 72 h after birth.

7.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547491

RESUMO

The bulk and interfacial properties of solutions formed by a polycation (i.e., poly(diallyl-dimethylammonium chloride), PDADMAC) and two different zwitterionic surfactants (i.e., coco-betaine (CB) and cocoamidopropyl-betaine (CAPB)) have been studied. The bulk aggregation of the polyelectrolyte and the two surfactants was analyzed by turbidity and electrophoretic mobility measurements, and the adsorption of the solutions at the fluid interface was studied by surface tension and interfacial dilational rheology measurements. Evidence of polymer-surfactant complex formation in bulk was only found when the number of surfactant molecules was closer to the number of charged monomers in solutions, which suggests that the electrostatic repulsion associated with the presence of a positively charged group in the surfactant hinders the association between PDADMAC and the zwitterionic surfactant for concentrations in which there are no micelles in solution. This lack of interaction in bulk is reflected in the absence of an influence of the polyelectrolyte in the interfacial properties of the mixtures, with the behavior being controlled by the presence of surfactant. This work has evidenced the significant importance of the different interactions involved in the system for controlling the interaction and complexation mechanisms of in polyelectrolyte-surfactant mixtures.


Assuntos
Polieletrólitos/química , Polímeros/química , Tensoativos/química , Adsorção , Vapor , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 89(2): 123-129, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314007

RESUMO

Background: The ductus arteriosus is a necessary structure in fetal circulation, and its patency can produce hemodynamic alterations. The diagnostic gold standard is echocardiography, not always available. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) they have pulse oximetry that measures perfusion index (PI), which could be used as a diagnostic tool in hemodynamic significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSPDA). Objective: To correlate the perfusion index increment (ΔPI) in 24 and 72 h after birth with HSPDA in premature newborns of NICU in a second level hospital. Materials and methods: This is an analytic prospective study which included neonates of 26-34 weeks of gestational age, without comorbidities, who underwent echocardiography and measurement of PI in arm and leg, 24 and 72 h after birth. We did bivariate analysis with Y2/exact Fisher test and Student t-test/Mann-Whitney U test, besides Spearman correlation and linear regression for value prediction. Results: We included 39 premature newborns. We did not find significant differences between patients without and with HSPDA (Median: 0.22 [0.06-0.58] vs. 0.03 [-0.27-0.2]; p = 0.09) at 24 h neither 72 h after birth (Median: 0.2 [0-0.47] vs. 0.45 [-0.37-0.76]; p = 0.47). We found a positive correlation between ductus arteriosus diameter (DAD) and ΔPI (r: 0.78; CI 95%: 0.6-0.88; p = 0.01). The prediction formula with linear regression is expressed this way: DAD = 1.31 + (2.05 x ΔIP). Conclusions: The PI doesn´t allow us to discriminate between patient without and with HSPDA. The ΔPI could be a tool for the monitorization of DAD in neonates 72 h after birth.

9.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(5): 453-457, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091026

RESUMO

Introduction: The low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) index is a predictive factor for atherosclerosis, which is associated with oxidative modifications. Objective: To assess the association of the index with oxidative stress markers. Methods: 444 subjects were included and were clinically, anthropometrically and biochemically characterized; superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3), magnesium and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) index (oxLDL/HDL) were quantified. Results: A decrease of 1.014 units in the LDL/HDL index was associated with a superoxide dismutase increase of 1 unit/mL (p = 0.030), while a decrease of 0.023 units was associated with a GPx3 increase of 1 nmol/min/mL (p < 0.0005). An increase of one unit in the index was associated with an increase of 0.831 in the oxLDL/HDL index (p < 0.05). After controlling for the effect of gender, age, smoking, obesity and insulin resistance, a reduction of 0.001 per index unit was associated with an increase of 1 µg/g of magnesium in the nails (p = 0.020). Conclusions: The LDL/HDL index shows an inverse relationship with the antioxidant status and a direct relationship with oxidation status, regardless of other cardiovascular and oxidative stress risk factors.


Assuntos
Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Magnésio/análise , Masculino , Unhas/química , Obesidade , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar
10.
Rev. ecuat. neurol ; 27(3): 77-81, sep.-dic. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1004050

RESUMO

Resumen La leucoencefalopatía por radiación se presenta clínicamente como un trastorno cognitivo asociado cronológicamente a la radioterapia. Los hallazgos característicos son: edema vasogénico reversible, desmielinización y necrosis vascular asociada a trombosis. El método diagnóstico de elección es la resonancia magnética (IRM) y el tratamiento es con corticoides. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con metástasis cerebrales que desarrolla una leucoencefalopatía post-radioterapia.


Abstract Radiation-induced leukoencephalopathy presents clinically as a cognitive disorder chronologically associated with radiotherapy. The characteristic findings are: acute reversible edema, demyelination and vascular necrosis associated with thrombosis. The diagnostic test of choice is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the treatment is with corticosteroids. We present a case of a patient with brain metastases who developed a post-radiotherapy leukoencephalopathy.

11.
Front Psychol ; 9: 1492, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233442

RESUMO

In recent decades there have been significant changes in the conceptualization of reading as well as in the perception of how this activity should be assessed. Interest in the analysis of reading processes has led to the emergence of new explanatory models based primarily on the contributions of cognitive psychology. In parallel, there have been notable advances in measurement procedures, especially in models based on Item Response Theory (IRT), as well as in the capacity and performance of specific software programs that allow data to be managed and analyzed. These changes have contributed significantly to the rise of testing procedures such as computerized adaptive tests (CATs), whose fundamental characteristic is that the sequence of items presented in the tests is adapted to the level of competence that the subject manifests. Likewise, the incorporation of elements of dynamic assessment (DA) as the prompts are gradually offered allows for obtaining information about the type and degree of support required to optimize the subject's performance. In this sense, the confluence of contributions from DA and CATs offers a new possibility for approaching the assessment of learning processes. In this article, we present a longitudinal research developed in two phases, through which a computerized dynamic adaptive assessment battery of reading processes (EDPL-BAI) was configured. The research frame involved 1,831 students (46% girls) from 13 public schools in three regions of Chile. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differential contribution on reading competence of dynamic scores obtained in a subsample composed of 324 (47% girls) students from third to sixth grade after the implementation of a set of adaptive dynamic tests of morpho-syntactic processes. The results achieved in the structural equation modeling indicate a good global fit. Individual relationships show a significant contribution of calibrated score that reflects estimated knowledge level on reading competence, as well as dynamic scores based on the assigned value of graduated prompts required by the students. These results showed significant predictive values on reading competence and incremental validity in relation to predictions made by static criterion tests.

12.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter ; 41(8): 97, 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141087

RESUMO

Particle-laden interfaces are ubiquitous nowadays. The understanding of their properties and structure is essential for solving different problems of technological and industrial relevance; e.g. stabilization of foams, emulsions and thin films. These rely on the response of the interface to mechanical perturbations. The complex mechanical response appearing in particle-laden interfaces requires deepening on the understanding of physico-chemical mechanisms underlying the assembly of particles at interface which plays a central role in the distribution of particles at the interface, and in the complex interfacial dynamics appearing in these systems. Therefore, the study of particle-laden interfaces deserves attention to provide a comprehensive explanation on the complex relaxation mechanisms involved in the stabilization of fluid interfaces.

13.
Langmuir ; 34(25): 7455-7464, 2018 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29856927

RESUMO

The adsorption of concentrated poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC)-sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) mixtures at the water/vapor interface has been studied by different surface tension techniques and dilational viscoelasticity measurements. This work tries to shed light on the way in which the formation of polyelectrolyte-surfactant complexes in the bulk affects the interfacial properties of mixtures formed by a polycation and an oppositely charged surfactant. The results are discussed in terms of a two-step adsorption-equilibration of PDADMAC-SLES complexes at the interface, with the initial stages involving the diffusion of kinetically trapped aggregates formed in the bulk to the interface followed by the dissociation and spreading of such aggregates at the interface. This latter process becomes the main contribution to the surface tension decrease. This work aids our understanding of the most fundamental basis of the physicochemical behavior of concentrated polyelectrolyte-surfactant mixtures which present complex bulk and interfacial interactions with interest in both basic and applied sciences.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 527: 180-186, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29793172

RESUMO

Thermo-capillary stresses on the surface of a drop can be the result of a non-isothermal surface chemical conversion of a reactant dissolved in the host fluid. The strength of heat production (with e.g. absorption) on the surface is ruled by the diffusion of the reactant and depends on the state of motion of the drop. Such thermo-capillary stresses can provoke the motion of the drop or its motionless state in the presence of an external body force. If in the balance of forces, including indeed viscous drag, the net resultant force vanishes there is the possibility of autonomous motion with constant velocity of the drop. Focusing on drops with radii in the millimeter range provided here is a quantitative study of the possibility of such autonomous motion when the drop, considered as active unit, is seat of endo- or exo-thermic reactive processes that dominate its motion. The framework is restricted to Stokes flows in the hydrodynamics, negligible heat Peclet number while the solute Peclet number is considered very high. A boundary layer approximation is used in the description of reactant diffusion. Those processes eventually end up in the action being expressed by surface tension gradients and the Marangoni effect. Explicit expressions of the force acting on the drop and the velocity fields inside and outside the drop are provided. Some significant particular cases are discussed to illustrate the usefulness of the theory.

15.
Langmuir ; 34(24): 7067-7076, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29772184

RESUMO

By combining controlled experiments on single interfaces with measurements on solitary bubbles and liquid foams, we show that poly( N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) microgels assembled at air/water interfaces exhibit a solid to liquid transition changing the temperature, and that this is associated with the change in the interfacial microstructure of the PNIPAM particles around their volume phase transition temperature. We show that the solid behaves as a soft 2D colloidal glass, and that the existence of this solid/liquid transition offers an ideal platform to tune the permeability of air bubbles covered by PNIPAM and to control macroscopic foam properties such as drainage, stability, and foamability. PNIPAM particles on fluid interfaces allow new tunable materials, for example foam structures with variable mechanical properties upon small temperature changes.

16.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 20(4): 512-519, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644500

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated a consortium of probiotic bacteria as an environmentally-friendly strategy for controlling pathogenic Vibrio species during the brine shrimp incubation period. Probiotic strains were initially selected on basis of (i) their ability to colonize the cyst surfaces, (ii) their absence of cross-inhibitory effects, and (iii) no detrimental effect on cyst hatching. The cysts and nauplius surfaces were immediately colonized after the application of selected probiotic strains, without detrimental effects on survival. Ten probiotic strains were mixed at similar proportions (probiotic consortium) and evaluated at different concentrations into brine shrimp cultures during incubation and early stages of development. Subsequently, these cultures were challenged with Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio harveyi. The probiotic consortium was effective to reduce the abundance of pathogenic Vibrio species and to prevent the mortality during Vibrio challenges; however, its effect was concentration-dependent and was successful at a starting concentration of 1.8 × 106 CFU/ml. Our results suggest that this probiotic consortium offers an alternative to antimicrobial agents routinely used to reduce the incidence and prevalence of pathogenic Vibrio species in brine shrimp production.


Assuntos
Artemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Vibrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Artemia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Artemia/microbiologia , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/microbiologia
17.
PeerJ ; 6: e4459, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527414

RESUMO

Two experimental feeding trials were conducted during four weeks to evaluate the use of Ulva lactuca in shrimp culture: (1) for wastewater bioremediation, and (2) using different inclusion levels of U. lactuca meal in shrimp feed. In feeding trial 1, shrimp reared under seaweed U. lactuca water exchange in a re-circulation system (SWE) resulted in similar growth and feed utilization as shrimp reared with clean water exchange (CWE). Shrimp under no water exchange (NWE) resulted in significant lower growth and higher feed conversion rate (FCR) compared to the other treatments (p < 0.05). Nitrogen compounds and phosphate in water from SWE and CWE treatments did not present significant differences during the experimental trial (p > 0.05). In feeding trial 2, U. lactuca biomass produced by wastewater bioremediation in SWE treatment were dried and ground to formulate diets containing 0, 1, 2, and 3% U. lactuca meal (0UL, 1UL, 2UL, and 3UL). Shrimp fed the 3 UL diet resulted in a significant (p < 0.05) improvement of growth and FCR, and enhanced whole shrimp lipid and carotenoid content by 30 and 60%, respectively, compared to control diet. Seaweed U. lactuca is suggested as a desirable species for wastewater bioremediation in integrated aquaculture systems, and its meal as a good feed additive for farmed shrimp.

18.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 46: 144-149, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29413104

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (T2D) is a multifactorial disease. However, it is known that there is an important effect in pancreatic ß-cells caused by apoptosis of pro-apoptotic proteins, possibly related to arsenic exposure and atorvastatin treatment. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of atorvastatin treatment on apoptosis of pancreatic ß-cells in Wistar rats with induced diabetes type 2 exposed to arsenic. MATERIAL & METHODS: T2D in Wistar rats was induced by administration of Streptozotocin. The plasmatic glucose concentrations were measured using the glucose oxidase method, and the concentration of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in whole blood was determined. Exposure to arsenic was measured from urine using atomic absorption with hydride generation, and pro-apoptotic proteins in pancreatic ß-cells were observed using the Western blotting technique. RESULTS: Caspase-3 was present in rats that were treated with 10 mg/kg of oral atorvastatin and exposed to 0.01 and 0.025 mg/L of arsenic, but no others proteins were present, such as pro Caspase-8, bcl-2, and Fas. The glycemic levels were 129.2 ±â€¯7.0 mg/dL in the control group and 161.8 ±â€¯14.6 mg/dL and 198.3 ±â€¯18.2 mg/dL (p < .05) in the study groups. HbA1c increased from 2.53% to 3.64% (p < .05) in the control and study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Atorvastatin treatment and arsenic exposure alone are capable of generating apoptosis in pancreatic ß-cells of Wistar rats with T2D. Together, all of these factors induce apoptosis in pancreatic cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsênico/toxicidade , Atorvastatina/toxicidade , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/toxicidade , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Masculino , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Estreptozocina
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(2)2018 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29439487

RESUMO

Alternative splicing is a key mechanism determinant for gene expression in metazoan. During alternative splicing, non-coding sequences are removed to generate different mature messenger RNAs due to a combination of sequence elements and cellular factors that contribute to splicing regulation. A different combination of splicing sites, exonic or intronic sequences, mutually exclusive exons or retained introns could be selected during alternative splicing to generate different mature mRNAs that could in turn produce distinct protein products. Alternative splicing is the main source of protein diversity responsible for 90% of human gene expression, and it has recently become a hallmark for cancer with a full potential as a prognostic and therapeutic tool. Currently, more than 15,000 alternative splicing events have been associated to different aspects of cancer biology, including cell proliferation and invasion, apoptosis resistance and susceptibility to different chemotherapeutic drugs. Here, we present well established and newly discovered splicing events that occur in different cancer-related genes, their modification by several approaches and the current status of key tools developed to target alternative splicing with diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/genética , Oligonucleotídeos Antissenso/uso terapêutico , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(3): 1395-1407, 2018 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297520

RESUMO

Polyelectrolyte-surfactant mixtures and their interactions with fluid interfaces are an important research field due to their use in technological applications. Most of the existing knowledge on these systems is based on models in which the polyelectrolyte concentration is around 50 times lower than that used in commercial formulations. The present work marks a step to close the gap on the understanding of their behavior under more practically-relevant conditions. The adsorption of concentrated mixtures of poly(diallyldimethyl-ammonium) chloride and sodium N-lauroyl-N-methyltaurate at the water/vapor interface with a crude mixing protocol has been studied by different surface tension techniques, Brewster angle microscopy, neutron reflectometry, and several bulk characterization techniques. Kinetically-trapped aggregates formed during mixing influence the interfacial morphology of mixtures produced in the equilibrium one-phase region, yet fluctuations in the surface tension isotherm result depending on the tensiometric technique applied. At low bulk surfactant concentrations, the free surfactant concentration is very low, and the interfacial composition matches the trend of the bulk complexes, which is a behavior that has not been observed in studies on more dilute mixtures. Nevertheless, a transition to synergistic co-adsorption of complexes and free surfactant is observed at the higher bulk surfactant concentrations studied. This transition appears to be a special feature of these more concentrated mixtures, which deserves attention in future studies of systems with additional components.

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