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PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247422, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606820


AIM: To determine whether healthcare workers (HCW) hospitalized in Spain due to COVID-19 have a worse prognosis than non-healthcare workers (NHCW). METHODS: Observational cohort study based on the SEMI-COVID-19 Registry, a nationwide registry that collects sociodemographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment data on patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in Spain. Patients aged 20-65 years were selected. A multivariate logistic regression model was performed to identify factors associated with mortality. RESULTS: As of 22 May 2020, 4393 patients were included, of whom 419 (9.5%) were HCW. Median (interquartile range) age of HCW was 52 (15) years and 62.4% were women. Prevalence of comorbidities and severe radiological findings upon admission were less frequent in HCW. There were no difference in need of respiratory support and admission to intensive care unit, but occurrence of sepsis and in-hospital mortality was lower in HCW (1.7% vs. 3.9%; p = 0.024 and 0.7% vs. 4.8%; p<0.001 respectively). Age, male sex and comorbidity, were independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality and healthcare working with lower mortality (OR 0.211, 95%CI 0.067-0.667, p = 0.008). 30-days survival was higher in HCW (0.968 vs. 0.851 p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized COVID-19 HCW had fewer comorbidities and a better prognosis than NHCW. Our results suggest that professional exposure to COVID-19 in HCW does not carry more clinical severity nor mortality.

/mortalidade , Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitalização , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485617


INTRODUCTION: There are few data in the Spanish population about the causes of death in patients admitted to internal medicine departments for heart failure. Their study according to left ventricular ejection fraction (reduced: rEF, mid-range: mEF, and preserved: pEF) could improve the knowledge of patients and their prognosis. METHODS: Prospective multicentre cohort study of 4144 patients admitted with heart failure to internal medicine departments. Their clinical characteristics, mortality rate and causes were classified according to pEF (≥ 50%), mEF (40%-49%) and rEF (<40%). Patients were followed-up for a median of one year. RESULTS: There were 1198 deaths (29%). The cause of death was cardiovascular (CV) in 833 patients (69.5%), mainly heart failure (50%) and sudden cardiac death (7.5%). Non-cardiovascular (NoCV) causes were responsible for 365 deaths (30.5%). The most common NoCV causes were infections (13%). The most frequent and early cause in all groups was heart failure. Patients with pEF, compared to the other groups, had lower risk of sudden cardiac death and higher risk of infections (P <.05). The causes of death in patients with mrEF were closer to those with pEF. CONCLUSIONS: The causes of death in patients with heart failure were different depending on ejection fraction strata. Patients with mEF and pEF, due to their high comorbidity and higher frequency of NoCV death, would require comprehensive management by internal medicine.

J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998337


It is unclear to which extent the higher mortality associated with hypertension in the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is due to its increased prevalence among older patients or to specific mechanisms. Cross-sectional, observational, retrospective multicenter study, analyzing 12226 patients who required hospital admission in 150 Spanish centers included in the nationwide SEMI-COVID-19 Network. We compared the clinical characteristics of survivors versus non-survivors. The mean age of the study population was 67.5 ± 16.1 years, 42.6% were women. Overall, 2630 (21.5%) subjects died. The most common comorbidity was hypertension (50.9%) followed by diabetes (19.1%), and atrial fibrillation (11.2%). Multivariate analysis showed that after adjusting for gender (males, OR: 1.5, p = 0.0001), age tertiles (second and third tertiles, OR: 2.0 and 4.7, p = 0.0001), and Charlson Comorbidity Index scores (second and third tertiles, OR: 4.7 and 8.1, p = 0.0001), hypertension was significantly predictive of all-cause mortality when this comorbidity was treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) (OR: 1.6, p = 0.002) or other than renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockers (OR: 1.3, p = 0.001) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) (OR: 1.2, p = 0.035). The preexisting condition of hypertension had an independent prognostic value for all-cause mortality in patients with COVID-19 who required hospitalization. ARBs showed a lower risk of lethality in hypertensive patients than other antihypertensive drugs.