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1.
Viruses ; 13(8)2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452405

RESUMO

Transcriptomics, proteomics and pathogen-host interactomics data are being explored for the in silico-informed selection of drugs, prior to their functional evaluation. The effectiveness of this kind of strategy has been put to the test in the current COVID-19 pandemic, and it has been paying off, leading to a few drugs being rapidly repurposed as treatment against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Several neglected tropical diseases, for which treatment remains unavailable, would benefit from informed in silico investigations of drugs, as performed in this work for Dengue fever disease. We analyzed transcriptomic data in the key tissues of liver, spleen and blood profiles and verified that despite transcriptomic differences due to tissue specialization, the common mechanisms of action, "Adrenergic receptor antagonist", "ATPase inhibitor", "NF-kB pathway inhibitor" and "Serotonin receptor antagonist", were identified as druggable (e.g., oxprenolol, digoxin, auranofin and palonosetron, respectively) to oppose the effects of severe Dengue infection in these tissues. These are good candidates for future functional evaluation and clinical trials.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Dengue/tratamento farmacológico , Transcriptoma , Adenosina Trifosfatases/antagonistas & inibidores , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos/farmacologia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Dengue/sangue , Dengue/genética , Dengue/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Antagonistas da Serotonina/farmacologia , Antagonistas da Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Dengue Grave/sangue , Dengue Grave/tratamento farmacológico , Dengue Grave/genética , Dengue Grave/metabolismo , Baço/metabolismo
2.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(4): e0009336, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serological diagnosis of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is challenging because of the antibody cross-reactivity among flaviviruses. At the same time, the role of Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) is limited by the low proportion of symptomatic infections and the low average viral load. Here, we compared the diagnostic performance of commercially available IgM, IgAM, and IgG ELISAs in sequential samples during the ZIKV and chikungunya (CHIKV) epidemics and co-circulation of dengue virus (DENV) in Brazil and Venezuela. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Acute (day of illness 1-5) and follow-up (day of illness ≥ 6) blood samples were collected from nine hundred and seven symptomatic patients enrolled in a prospective multicenter study between June 2012 and August 2016. Acute samples were tested by RT-PCR for ZIKV, DENV, and CHIKV. Acute and follow-up samples were tested for IgM, IgAM, and IgG antibodies to ZIKV using commercially available ELISAs. Among follow-up samples with a RT-PCR confirmed ZIKV infection, anti-ZIKV IgAM sensitivity was 93.5% (43/46), while IgM and IgG exhibited sensitivities of 30.3% (10/33) and 72% (18/25), respectively. An additional 24% (26/109) of ZIKV infections were detected via IgAM seroconversion in ZIKV/DENV/CHIKV RT-PCR negative patients. The specificity of anti-ZIKV IgM was estimated at 93% and that of IgAM at 85%. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings exemplify the challenges of the assessment of test performance for ZIKV serological tests in the real-world setting, during co-circulation of DENV, ZIKV, and CHIKV. However, we can also demonstrate that the IgAM immunoassay exhibits superior sensitivity to detect ZIKV RT-PCR confirmed infections compared to IgG and IgM immunoassays. The IgAM assay also proves to be promising for detection of anti-ZIKV seroconversions in sequential samples, both in ZIKV PCR-positive as well as PCR-negative patients, making this a candidate assay for serological monitoring of pregnant women in future ZIKV outbreaks.


Assuntos
Febre de Chikungunya/diagnóstico , Dengue/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Testes Sorológicos/métodos , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Sangue/virologia , Brasil , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Viral/sangue , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Venezuela , Adulto Jovem
3.
Signal Image Video Process ; : 1-9, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907588

RESUMO

Possibly, and due to poor eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle, many viruses are transmitted to human people. Such is the case, of the novel coronavirus SARS-Cov-2, which has expanded of exponential way, practically, to whole world population. For this reason, the enhancement of real microscopic images of this coronavirus is of great importance. Of this way, one can highlight the S-spikes and visualizing those areas that show a high density, which are related to active zones of viral germination and major spread of the virus. The SARS-Cov-2 images were captured from nasopharyngeal samples of Cuban symptomatic individuals (RT-PCR positives for SARS-CoV-2) and processed via scanning electron microscopy. However, many times these microscopic images present some blurring problems, and the S-spikes do not look well defined. Therefore, the aim of this work is to propose new computational methods to carry out enhancement and segmentation of SARS-Cov-2 high-resolution microscopic images. The proposed strategy obtained very satisfactory results, and we validated its performance, together with specialist physicians, on a set of 1005 images. Due to the importance of the obtained results, this first work will be addressed to the application of the proposed algorithm. A second paper will deeply analyze the theory related to these algorithms.

4.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(10): ofaa407, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123608

RESUMO

Early recognition of severe forms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is essential for an opportune and effective intervention, reducing life-risking complications. An altered inflammatory immune response seems to be associated with COVID-19's pathogenesis and progression to severity. Here we demonstrate the utility of early nasopharyngeal swab samples for detection of the early expression of immune markers and the potential value of CCL2/MCP-1 in predicting disease outcome.

8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1081, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Commission (EC) Horizon 2020 (H2020)-funded ZIKAlliance Consortium designed a multicentre study including pregnant women (PW), children (CH) and natural history (NH) cohorts. Clinical sites were selected over a wide geographic range within Latin America and the Caribbean, taking into account the dynamic course of the ZIKV epidemic. METHODS: Recruitment to the PW cohort will take place in antenatal care clinics. PW will be enrolled regardless of symptoms and followed over the course of pregnancy, approximately every 4 weeks. PW will be revisited at delivery (or after miscarriage/abortion) to assess birth outcomes, including microcephaly and other congenital abnormalities according to the evolving definition of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). After birth, children will be followed for 2 years in the CH cohort. Follow-up visits are scheduled at ages 1-3, 4-6, 12, and 24 months to assess neurocognitive and developmental milestones. In addition, a NH cohort for the characterization of symptomatic rash/fever illness was designed, including follow-up to capture persisting health problems. Blood, urine, and other biological materials will be collected, and tested for ZIKV and other relevant arboviral diseases (dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever) using RT-PCR or serological methods. A virtual, decentralized biobank will be created. Reciprocal clinical monitoring has been established between partner sites. Substudies of ZIKV seroprevalence, transmission clustering, disabilities and health economics, viral kinetics, the potential role of antibody enhancement, and co-infections will be linked to the cohort studies. DISCUSSION: Results of these large cohort studies will provide better risk estimates for birth defects and other developmental abnormalities associated with ZIKV infection including possible co-factors for the variability of risk estimates between other countries and regions. Additional outcomes include incidence and transmission estimates of ZIKV during and after pregnancy, characterization of short and long-term clinical course following infection and viral kinetics of ZIKV. STUDY REGISTRATIONS: clinicaltrials.gov NCT03188731 (PW cohort), June 15, 2017; clinicaltrials.gov NCT03393286 (CH cohort), January 8, 2018; clinicaltrials.gov NCT03204409 (NH cohort), July 2, 2017.


Assuntos
Arbovírus/isolamento & purificação , Microcefalia/complicações , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Zika virus/imunologia , Adulto , Arbovírus/genética , Região do Caribe/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Coinfecção , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , América Latina/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/epidemiologia , Microcefalia/virologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Zika virus/isolamento & purificação , Infecção por Zika virus/transmissão , Infecção por Zika virus/virologia
9.
Glob Health Action ; 12(1): 1666566, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640505

RESUMO

Zika Preparedness Latin American Network (ZikaPLAN) is a research consortium funded by the European Commission to address the research gaps in combating Zika and to establish a sustainable network with research capacity building in the Americas. Here we present a report on ZikaPLAN`s mid-term achievements since its initiation in October 2016 to June 2019, illustrating the research objectives of the 15 work packages ranging from virology, diagnostics, entomology and vector control, modelling to clinical cohort studies in pregnant women and neonates, as well as studies on the neurological complications of Zika infections in adolescents and adults. For example, the Neuroviruses Emerging in the Americas Study (NEAS) has set up more than 10 clinical sites in Colombia. Through the Butantan Phase 3 dengue vaccine trial, we have access to samples of 17,000 subjects in 14 different geographic locations in Brazil. To address the lack of access to clinical samples for diagnostic evaluation, ZikaPLAN set up a network of quality sites with access to well-characterized clinical specimens and capacity for independent evaluations. The International Committee for Congenital Anomaly Surveillance Tools was formed with global representation from regional networks conducting birth defects surveillance. We have collated a comprehensive inventory of resources and tools for birth defects surveillance, and developed an App for low resource regions facilitating the coding and description of all major externally visible congenital anomalies including congenital Zika syndrome. Research Capacity Network (REDe) is a shared and open resource centre where researchers and health workers can access tools, resources and support, enabling better and more research in the region. Addressing the gap in research capacity in LMICs is pivotal in ensuring broad-based systems to be prepared for the next outbreak. Our shared and open research space through REDe will be used to maximize the transfer of research into practice by summarizing the research output and by hosting the tools, resources, guidance and recommendations generated by these studies. Leveraging on the research from this consortium, we are working towards a research preparedness network.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/prevenção & controle , América , Brasil , Fortalecimento Institucional/organização & administração , Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Congênitas/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Controle de Mosquitos/organização & administração , Vigilância da População , Gravidez , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico
10.
J Gen Virol ; 100(6): 975-984, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090533

RESUMO

The development of live-attenuated vaccines against Dengue virus (DENV) has been problematic. Dengvaxia, licensed in several countries where DENV is endemic, has shown low efficacy profiles and there are safety concerns prohibiting its administration to children younger than 9 years old, and the live-attenuated tetravalent vaccine (LATV) developed by NIAID has proven too reactogenic during clinical trialing. In this work we examined whether the combination of TV005, a LATV-derived formulation, with Tetra DIIIC, a subunit vaccine candidate based on fusion proteins derived from structural proteins from all four DENV serotypes, can overcome the respective limitations of these two vaccine approaches. Rhesus macaques were first primed with one or two doses of Tetra DIIIC and then boosted with TV005, following the time course of the appearance of virus-binding and neutralizing antibodies, and evaluating protection by means of a challenge experiment with wild-type viruses. Although the two evaluated prime-boost regimes were equivalent to a single administration of TV005 in terms of the development of virus-binding and neutralizing antibodies as well as the protection against viral challenge, both regimes reduced vaccine viremia to undetectable levels. Thus, the combination of Tetra DIIIC with TV005 offers a potential solution to the reactogenicity problems, which have beset the development of the latter vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/imunologia , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Dengue/virologia , Feminino , Imunização/métodos , Imunização Secundária/métodos , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Células Vero
11.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 71(1): e338, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093549

RESUMO

Los arbovirus constituyen una de las principales causas de emergencia en salud por la morbilidad y mortalidad que producen y el estrés sanitario que conllevan. Cuba no ha estado excenta de riesgo, y el enfrentamiento del dengue inicialmente y de otros arbovirus después, ha sido, y es, una prioridad de las máximas autoridades del país. La vigilancia de laboratorio de dengue se estableció desde inicios de la década del 70 aunque sus objetivos y estrategias han cambiado según la situación epidemiológica nacional y regional y la tecnología de diagnóstico disponible. Se destacan cuatro etapas en su desarrollo. En este trabajo se resumen las estrategias desarrolladas para la vigilancia de laboratorio de dengue y de otros arbovirus en el periodo de 1970 a 2017. Se describe además el papel desempeñado por el Instituto de Medicina Tropical, ¨Pedro Kouri¨ (IPK) como Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia(AU)


Arboviruses are one of the leading causes of health emergencies due to their morbidity and mortality and the sanitary stress they bring about. Cuba has not been free from risk, and the response first to dengue fever and then to other arboviruses has been and still is a priority for the country's top authorities. Laboratory surveillance of dengue fever was implemented in the 1970s, though its aims and strategies have evolved in keeping with the national and regional epidemiological situation, and the available diagnostic technology. Four stages stand out in the development of dengue laboratory surveillance. The present paper summarizes the strategies developed for laboratory surveillance of dengue fever and other arboviruses in the period 1970-2017. A description is also provided of the role played by Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute (IPK) as a national reference laboratory(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Arbovirus/prevenção & controle , Vigilância , Dengue/epidemiologia , Vírus da Dengue/imunologia , Serviços Laboratoriais de Saúde Pública
12.
Global health action, v. 12, n. 1, p. 1666566, oct. 2019
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: bud-2866

RESUMO

Zika Preparedness Latin American Network (ZikaPLAN) is a research consortium funded by the European Commission to address the research gaps in combating Zika and to establish a sustainable network with research capacity building in the Americas. Here we present a report on ZikaPLAN's mid-term achievements since its initiation in October 2016 to June 2019, illustrating the research objectives of the 15 work packages ranging from virology, diagnostics, entomology and vector control, modelling to clinical cohort studies in pregnant women and neonates, as well as studies on the neurological complications of Zika infections in adolescents and adults. For example, the Neuroviruses Emerging in the Americas Study (NEAS) has set up more than 10 clinical sites in Colombia. Through the Butantan Phase 3 dengue vaccine trial, we have access to samples of 17,000 subjects in 14 different geographic locations in Brazil. To address the lack of access to clinical samples for diagnostic evaluation, ZikaPLAN set up a network of quality sites with access to well-characterized clinical specimens and capacity for independent evaluations. The International Committee for Congenital Anomaly Surveillance Tools was formed with global representation from regional networks conducting birth defects surveillance. We have collated a comprehensive inventory of resources and tools for birth defects surveillance, and developed an App for low resource regions facilitating the coding and description of all major externally visible congenital anomalies including congenital Zika syndrome. Research Capacity Network (REDe) is a shared and open resource centre where researchers and health workers can access tools, resources and support, enabling better and more research in the region. Addressing the gap in research capacity in LMICs is pivotal in ensuring broad-based systems to be prepared for the next outbreak. Our shared and open research space through REDe will be used to maximize the transfer of research into practice by summarizing the research output and by hosting the tools, resources, guidance and recommendations generated by these studies. Leveraging on the research from this consortium, we are working towards a research preparedness network.

13.
Global health action ; 12(1): 1666566, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib17261

RESUMO

Zika Preparedness Latin American Network (ZikaPLAN) is a research consortium funded by the European Commission to address the research gaps in combating Zika and to establish a sustainable network with research capacity building in the Americas. Here we present a report on ZikaPLAN's mid-term achievements since its initiation in October 2016 to June 2019, illustrating the research objectives of the 15 work packages ranging from virology, diagnostics, entomology and vector control, modelling to clinical cohort studies in pregnant women and neonates, as well as studies on the neurological complications of Zika infections in adolescents and adults. For example, the Neuroviruses Emerging in the Americas Study (NEAS) has set up more than 10 clinical sites in Colombia. Through the Butantan Phase 3 dengue vaccine trial, we have access to samples of 17,000 subjects in 14 different geographic locations in Brazil. To address the lack of access to clinical samples for diagnostic evaluation, ZikaPLAN set up a network of quality sites with access to well-characterized clinical specimens and capacity for independent evaluations. The International Committee for Congenital Anomaly Surveillance Tools was formed with global representation from regional networks conducting birth defects surveillance. We have collated a comprehensive inventory of resources and tools for birth defects surveillance, and developed an App for low resource regions facilitating the coding and description of all major externally visible congenital anomalies including congenital Zika syndrome. Research Capacity Network (REDe) is a shared and open resource centre where researchers and health workers can access tools, resources and support, enabling better and more research in the region. Addressing the gap in research capacity in LMICs is pivotal in ensuring broad-based systems to be prepared for the next outbreak. Our shared and open research space through REDe will be used to maximize the transfer of research into practice by summarizing the research output and by hosting the tools, resources, guidance and recommendations generated by these studies. Leveraging on the research from this consortium, we are working towards a research preparedness network.

14.
Trop Med Int Health ; 23(12): 1342-1349, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of vertical transmission of dengue viruses in field-collected Aedes aegypti larvae in the municipality of Arroyo Naranjo in Havana, Cuba. METHODS: Aedes aegypti larvae and pupae were collected monthly between September 2013 and July 2014 in the seven Municipal Health Areas of Arroyo Naranjo. Pools formed of 30-55 larvae were examined through PCR and sequencing to detect the presence of each serotype. RESULTS: We analysed 111 pools of larvae and pupae (4102 individuals) of which 37 tested positive for at least one DENV. More than one DENV type was observed in 10 of the 37 positive pools. Infected pools were detected every month, except in January, suggesting a sustained circulation of DENV in the vector populations. DENV-1 and DENV-3 were the most frequent and dispersed, though all four DENV types were detected. Nucleotide sequencing from positive pools confirmed RT-PCR results for DENV-1 (genotype V), DENV-3 (genotype III) and DENV-4 (genotype II). DENV-2 was detected by RT-PCR but could not be confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. CONCLUSION: Our study of the distribution of natural vertical transmission of dengue virus types highlights extrinsic virus activity patterns in the area and could be used as a new surveillance tool.


Assuntos
Aedes/virologia , Vírus da Dengue , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/estatística & dados numéricos , Mosquitos Vetores/virologia , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Animais , Cidades , Cuba
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 17(4)jul. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-915429

RESUMO

Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae) is an economically important shrub known in Mexico as Oregano. In this work, the biocidal effect of the hexane extract of L. graveolens leaves was evaluated on two crop pests. Thus, larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda were fed with mixtures of extract and artificial diet. The nematicidal activity was evaluated on juveniles of Meloydogine javanica. Regarding S. frugiperda, quantitative differences between treatments and control were observed in dead pupae, surviving adults, and deformed adults (P < 0.05). All the surviving adults from the extract treatments were deformed. Nematicidal effect was registered, the LC50 and LC90 were 0.672 (0.654-0.690) and 0.965 (0.937-0.998) mg/mL respectively. The extract was characterized by NMR and GC-MS, being thymol the most abundant component (70.6%) in addition to carvacrol (22.8%). The results suggest the consideration of the hexane extract of L. graveolens leaves within the alternatives for the biological control of pests.


Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae) es un arbusto con importancia económica conocido en México como Orégano. En éste trabajo se evaluó el efecto biocida del extracto hexánico de hojas L. graveolens sobre dos plagas agrícolas. Así, larvas de S. frugiperda fueron alimentadas con mezclas de dieta artificial y extracto. La actividad nematicida fue evaluada en juveniles de Meloydogine javanica, Respecto a S. frugiperda, se observaron diferencias cuantitativas entre tratamiento y control en cuanto a pupas muertas, adultos sobrevivientes y adultos deformes (P < 0.05). Todos los adultos provenientes de tratamientos con extracto estuvieron malformados. Hubo efecto nematicida, calculándose CL50 y CL90 de 0.672 (0.654-0.690) y 0.965 (0.937-0.998) mg/mL respectivamente. El extracto se caracterizó por RMN y CG-EM. Los compuestos más abundantes fueron timol (70.6%), ademas del carvacrol (22.8%). Los resultados sugieren considerar al extracto hexánico de hojas de L. graveolens dentro de las alternativas para el control biológico de plagas.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Spodoptera/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/química , Lippia/química , Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos , Verbenaceae , Monoterpenos/análise , Larva , Antinematódeos/química
16.
Infect Genet Evol ; 62: 60-72, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29673983

RESUMO

Population genetics theory predicted that rare frequent markers would be the main contributors for heritability of complex diseases, but meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies are revealing otherwise common markers, present in all population groups, as the identified candidate genes. In this work, we applied a population-genetics informed meta-analysis to 10 markers located in seven genes said to be associated with dengue fever disease. Seven markers (in PLCE1, CD32, CD209, OAS1 and OAS3 genes) have high-frequency and the other three (in MICB and TNFA genes) have intermediate frequency. Most of these markers have high discriminatory power between population groups, but their frequencies follow the rules of genetic drift, and seem to have not been under strong selective pressure. There was a good agreement in directional consistency across trans-ethnic association signals, in East Asian and Latin American cohorts, with heterogeneity generated by randomness between studies and especially by low sample sizes. This led to confirm the following significant associations: with DF, odds ratio of 0.67 for TNFA-rs1800629-A; with DHF, 0.82 for CD32-rs1801274-G; with DSS, 0.55 for OAS3-rs2285933-G, 0.80 for PLCE1-rs2274223-G and 1.32 for MICB-rs3132468-C. The overall genetic risks confirmed sub-Saharan African populations and descendants as the best protected against the severer forms of the disease, while Southeast and Northeast Asians are the least protected ones. European and close neighbours are the best protected against dengue fever, while, again, Southeast and Northeast Asians are the least protected ones. These risk scores provide important predictive information for the largely naïve European and North American regions, as well as for Africa where misdiagnosis with other hemorrhagic diseases is of concern.


Assuntos
Dengue/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Marcadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
18.
Acta Trop ; 174: 146-148, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28720490

RESUMO

While horizontal transmission (human-mosquito-human) of dengue viruses largely determines the epidemiology of the disease, vertical transmission (infected female mosquito- infected offspring) has been suggested as a mechanism that ensures maintenance of the virus during adverse conditions for horizontal transmission to occur. The purpose of this study was to analyze the natural infection of larval stages of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) with the dengue virus (DENV) in Cuba. Here, we report vertical transmission of DENV-3 genotype III in natural populations of Ae. aegypti through RT-PCR detection and serotyping plus sequencing. Our report constitutes the first record of vertical transmission of DENV in Ae. aegypti from Cuba with details of its serotype and genotype.


Assuntos
Aedes/virologia , Vírus da Dengue/isolamento & purificação , Dengue/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Insetos Vetores/virologia , Larva/virologia , Animais , Cuba , Feminino , Humanos
19.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 97(2): 311-312, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28722613

RESUMO

As the global public health community develops strategies for sustainable Zika prevention and control, assessment of the Cuban response to Zika provides critical lessons learned. Cuba's early and successful response to Zika, grounded in the country's long-standing dengue prevention and control program, serves as a model of rapid mobilization of intersectoral efforts. Sustaining this response requires applying the evidence generated within the Cuban dengue program that active community participation improves outcomes and is sustainable and cost-effective. There is also a need for implementation science efforts to assess the transferability of lessons learned from Zika prevention and control to other pathogens and from one context to another in addition to how to take these efforts to scale.


Assuntos
Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Infecção por Zika virus/prevenção & controle , Animais , Cuba , Países em Desenvolvimento , Vetores de Doenças , Humanos
20.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 96(6): 1267-1269, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28719268

RESUMO

AbstractBeginning in 2014, there has been significant progress in normalization of relations between Cuba and the United States. Herein, we discuss the history and recent progress in scientific collaboration between the two countries as well as the continued challenges. Science and global health diplomacy can be key tools in reestablishing a trusting and productive relationship of mutual and global benefit, bringing about better and healthier lives for people in both Cuba and the United States.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Cooperação Internacional , Cuba , Diplomacia , Humanos , Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração , Estados Unidos , United States Government Agencies
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