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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 35(Supp 2): e095, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586209

RESUMO

The aim of this review was to update the evidence of new approaches to non-surgical therapy (NSPT) in the treatment of periodontitis. Preclinical and clinical studies addressing the benefits of adjunctive antimicrobial photodynamic therapy, probiotics, prebiotics/synbiotics, statins, pro-resolving mediators, omega-6 and -3, ozone, and epigenetic therapy were scrutinized and discussed. Currently, the outcomes of these nine new approaches, when compared with subgingival debridement alone, did not demonstrate a significant added clinical benefit. However, some of these new alternative interventions may have the potential to improve the outcomes of NSPT alone. Future evidence based on randomized controlled clinical trials would help clinicians and patients in the selection of different adjunctive therapies.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Periodontite , Probióticos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e058, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346946

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Criança , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Fluoretos , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Dente Molar , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico
3.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(10): 1333-1343, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296465

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the association between periodontitis stage and grade with oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort was derived from the Porto Alegre study. The original sample was representative of more than 3 million inhabitants of a Brazilian urban area. Full-mouth periodontal examinations at six sites per tooth were performed at baseline and 5 years later. Periodontitis grade was determined by direct evidence of progression of attachment loss over the follow-up. Stage of periodontitis and OHRQoL, determined by the oral health impact profile version 14 (OHIP-14), were recorded at the follow-up examination. Mean ratios (MRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated adjusting for age, sex, smoking, systemic diseases, tooth loss, and baseline periodontitis diagnosis. RESULTS: Five-hundred and ninety-nine individuals were analysed. Individuals with periodontitis grade C + stage II (MR = 1.49; 95% CI = 1.08-2.04) and stages III/IV (MR = 1.83; 95% CI = 1.25-2.66) had significantly higher OHIP scores than those without periodontitis or with periodontitis stage I/grade B. Individuals with periodontitis stages II and III/IV + grade B did not differ from those without periodontitis or with periodontitis stage I/grade B. CONCLUSION: Severity and progression rate of periodontitis are associated with poor OHRQoL.

4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(10): 5723-5733, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare surgical (ST) and non-surgical (NST) debridement for the treatment of peri-implantitis in a two-center randomized trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five individuals with 63 implants with probing depth (PPD) ≥5mm, bleeding on probing (BOP), and radiographic bone loss ≥2mm were included. In the NST (30 implants), submucosal debridement was performed. In the ST (33 implants), a mucoperiosteal flap was raised and surfaces were decontaminated only by debridement as performed in NST. Clinical parameters and radiographs were compared at baseline and after 12 months. Means and standard errors were reported. RESULTS: PPD considering all implant sites reduced significantly in NST from 4.14±0.25 to 3.25±0.18mm. In ST, PPD also significantly changed (3.74±0.22 to 3.00±0.29mm). No significant differences were observed between the two groups. For deep sites (≥7mm), PPD was 7.82±0.20mm at baseline and reduced to 5.10±0.30mm in NST, while in ST group, it was 7.11±0.11mm and changed to 5.22±0.91mm (between-groups p value=0.51). BOP significantly reduced from ~60 to 35% of all sites in both groups, without significant differences between them. When sites with radiographic bone level ≥3mm at baseline were analyzed, there was a significant difference between groups in bone gain after 12 months in favor of ST (ST=0.78±0.30mm compared to NST=0.25mm±0.13; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical and non-surgical debridement for the treatment of peri-implantitis present similar clinical outcomes. Bone levels were better improved in ST than NST for sites with higher initial bone loss. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The treatment of peri-implantitis is still a challenge in clinical practice, since less than half of affected implants achieve health after surgical or non-surgical debridement. Considering the lack of clinically relevant differences between these two treatments, non-surgical debridement should be considered the first therapeutic choice for peri-implantitis, mainly mild to moderate cases.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Desbridamento , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico por imagem , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia , Desbridamento Periodontal , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(5): 437-444, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are limited longitudinal data regarding gingival inflammation in adults. This study aimed to assess changes in gingivitis over 4 years and to determine protective factors. METHODS: A representative sample of 1023 adults living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, was obtained in the Caries-Perio Collaboration Study. At follow-up, 402 individuals were re-examined. Gingivitis was assessed by the gingival bleeding index (GB) at both time points. Individuals were dichotomized into those showing reductions ≥ 15% and those showing reductions < 15% or increase in bleeding sites. Multivariable Poisson regression models were fitted with 11 possible risk factors, estimating relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Percentage of individuals with GB ≥ 10% reduced from 72.4% to 53.8%. Bleeding sites significantly reduced (25.9%-20.1%), and in a higher magnitude in buccal/palatal sites (34.1%-24.0%). 31.0% of individuals presented GB reduction ≥ 15% in all sites. Toothbrushing ≥ 3 times/d increased 72% the probability of ≥15% GB reduction compared with ≤1/d (RR = 1.72; 95% CI 1.01-3.16). For each 10 pack-years smoked, the probability of ≥15% GB reduction was 3% higher (RR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.04). At buccal/palatal sites, normal weight individuals had 26% higher probability of reducing GB than overweight-obese individuals (RR = 1.26; 95% CI: 1.01-1.62). A 5% higher decrease in GB sites was observed in the absence than the presence of periodontitis. Younger individuals had higher reduction in GB sites. CONCLUSIONS: In the studied population, gingivitis reduced over time, with younger age, better oral hygiene, absence of periodontitis and normal weight being found to be protective factors. Smoking was associated with lower levels of gingivitis over time, probably due to its vasoconstrictive effect.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Adulto , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Proteção , Escovação Dentária
6.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sun protection is associated with lower occurrence of actinic cheilitis in adults living in a city from southern Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-stage proportional sample of 404 individuals 18 years and older was obtained. Interviews and clinical examinations were conducted in participants' households. Four categories of self-reported use of sun protection were determined. Multivariable Poisson regression was used to assess the associations. RESULTS: Prevalence of actinic cheilitis was 47.1%. In the first main-effects multivariable model, AC was significantly associated with sex, age, skin colour and duration of sun exposure, but not with sun protection. However, the association between sun protection and actinic cheilitis was modified by the time of sun exposure. Among those exposed ≥4 hr/day to sun, individuals using physical protection or physical + chemical protection were 33% (prevalence ratio = 0.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-0.94, p = .02) and 36% (PR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.47-0.94, p = .02), respectively, less likely to have actinic cheilitis than those who did not use any sun protection, adjusting for sex, age and skin colour. CONCLUSIONS: Physical and chemical sun protection were associated with lower occurrence of actinic cheilitis in individuals with greater exposure to sun.

7.
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 23(1): 79-98, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of root coverage when the (1) donor site of connective tissue graft is the palate or tuberosity and (2) when connective tissue graft is harvested with intra- or extra-oral de-epithelization techniques. METHODS: The primary outcome was patient satisfaction. Secondary outcomes included complete root coverage, percentage of root coverage and keratinized tissue width. Searches were conducted until December 2019 in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and CENTRAL. RESULTS: 3275 studies were retrieved, but no randomized trials (randomized controlled trials) were found comparing tuberosity and palate. Data were extracted for one arm assessing any connective tissue graft technique from 56 randomized controlled trials to compare intra-oral de-epithelization and extra-oral de-epithelization outcomes. Among these studies, none have harvested connective tissue graft from tuberosity. Patient satisfaction for intra-oral de-epithelization and extra-oral de-epithelization ranged between 79% and 95%. Complete root coverage for intra-oral de-epithelization and extra-oral de-epithelization techniques was 55% (95%CI 46-65) and 70% (95%CI 63-77). Metaregression analyzes demonstrated that free gingival graft presented 4.41 higher chance of CRC [odds ratio (OR)=4.41, p=0.001] compared to single incision technique, followed by Bruno's (OR=4.39) and double-blade (OR=3.85) techniques. There were no differences between de-epithelization techniques for percentage of root coverage and keratinized tissue width. CONCLUSION: No evidence was found to support the use of connective tissue grafts from the tuberosity. If complete root coverage is the major clinical goal, extra-oral deepithelization may be preferred over intra-oral de-epithelization techniques.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Tecido Conjuntivo , Gengiva , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Humanos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(1): 14-23, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010056

RESUMO

AIM: To assess obesity as a risk factor for tooth loss over 5 years in an urban sample of Brazilian adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1586 individuals were surveyed using a multistage probabilistic approach. Five years later, 635 individuals 14-64 years old were re-examined. An incident case of tooth loss was determined for a participant that had lost at least one tooth over time. Obesity was evaluated by calculating body mass index at baseline and by the change in obesity status over time. RESULTS: Incident cases of tooth loss were significantly more frequent among obese (47.1%) than normal-weight individuals (32.4%) (p = .004). Obese individuals had 31% higher risk [relative risk (RR) =1.31; 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 1.04-1.65] for tooth loss than normal-weight individuals adjusting for age, socio-economic status, smoking, dental care and periodontitis. This association was significant for females (RR=1.47, 95%CI 1.08-2.01), but not for males. The risk for tooth loss was also modified by presence of periodontitis at baseline and lifetime smoking exposure. There was an increased risk for tooth loss for those that remained obese than those that remained normal weight. CONCLUSION: Obesity is associated with higher risk for tooth loss. This association was modified by sex, periodontal status and smoking.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Perda de Dente/complicações , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1285725

RESUMO

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Fluoretos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Dente Molar
10.
Oral Dis ; 26(2): 447-456, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between periodontitis and different severities of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in predialytic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic, socioeconomic, and medical data of 139 patients from the nephrology service of one university hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil, were obtained through interview and clinical records. Full-mouth six-sites per tooth periodontal examinations were performed. Associations between periodontitis, stages of CKD, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were estimated by multivariable models adjusted for sex, smoking, vitamin D supplementation, physical activity, and renal treatment duration. CKD was classified based on eGFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) estimated by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation. RESULTS: Patients with severe periodontitis, compared to those without severe periodontitis, had 2.8 (95% CI: 1.25-6.62) and 3.4 (95% CI: 1.27-9.09) times higher risk of being in stages 4 and 5 of CKD, respectively. Having ≥ 2 teeth with clinical attachment loss (CAL) ≥6 mm increased 3.9 times the risk of being in stage 5 of CKD. Patients with severe periodontitis and ≥2 teeth with CAL ≥ 6 mm had 4.4 ml/min/1.732 and 5.2 ml/min/1.732 lower eGFR (p-values < .05), respectively. CONCLUSION: Severe periodontitis was associated with poor renal conditions in predialytic CKD patients, strengthening the importance of periodontal evaluation in such patient population.


Assuntos
Periodontite/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33(suppl 1): e074, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576958

RESUMO

Most of the literature evaluating dental implants focuses on implant survival, which is a limited proxy for the successful rehabilitation of patients with missing teeth. Success should include not only survival but also lack of mechanical, biological, and esthetics problems. A comprehensive review of local and systemic risk factors prior to implant placement will allow the tailoring of treatment planning and maintenance protocols to the patient's profile in order to achieve longitudinal success of the therapy. This review discusses the role of controlling different risk factors and prevention/treatment of peri-implant mucositis in order to avoid peri-implantitis. Although the literature addressing the topic is still scarce, the existing evidence shows that performing optimal plaque control and regular visits to the dentist seem to be adequate to prevent peri-implant lesions. Due to impossibility of defining a probing depth associate with peri-implant health, radiographic evaluations may be considered in the daily practice. So far, there is a strong evidence linking a past history of periodontal disease to peri-implant lesions, but this is not so evident for other factors including smoking and diabetes. The prevention of biological complications starts even before implant placement and include a broader analysis of the patient risk profile and tailoring the rehabilitation and maintenance protocols accordingly. It should be highlighted that the installation of implants does not modify the patient profile, since it does not modify genetics, microbiology or behavioral habits of any individual.


Assuntos
Interface Osso-Implante , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Peri-Implantite/prevenção & controle , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Interface Osso-Implante/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Peri-Implantite/etiologia , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/etiologia , Radiografia Dentária , Fatores de Risco , Estomatite/etiologia
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e036, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141035

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus and their predictors in a population of adults in Brazil. A representative sample of 758 adults from 35 to 59 years of age from Porto Alegre city was examined. A structured questionnaire was applied. The Gingival Bleeding Index and the presence of calculus were measured at 4 sites/tooth. Multivariable logistic models were fitted to determine the predictors for gingival bleeding at >20% of sites. Overall, 96.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]=95.1-98.0) of individuals had ≥ 1 bleeding site. The mean percentages of sites with gingivitis and calculus were 26.1% and 44.6%, respectively. The odds of gingivitis decreased by ∼45% for individuals ≥40 years old compared to younger adults. Individuals that never performed interproximal cleaning and non-whites had an approximately two times higher chance of gingivitis. Smokers had lower chances of gingivitis than never-smokers (odds ratio=0.40; 95% CI=0.24-0.68). Higher numbers of missing teeth were associated with higher chances of gingivitis. The percentage of calculus was significantly associated with skin color, education, proximal cleaning, smoking exposure, dental visits, and tooth loss. It can be concluded that the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus was high in this Brazilian population, and it was associated with age, skin color, education, self-reported proximal cleaning, smoking, dental care, and tooth loss.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Cálculos Dentários/etiologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e007, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758407

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess self-reported history of root canal treatment (SRHRCT) as a method for detecting the presence of root canal treatment (RCT) and apical periodontitis (AP) in a southern Brazilian subpopulation. In this cross-sectional study, 136 military police officers from the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, were included. The participants were interviewed and full-mouth periapical radiographs were taken. A calibrated examiner determined the presence of RCT and AP by applying standardized criteria. The diagnostic accuracy of SRHRCT was calculated separately for RCT and AP. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (+PV and -PV), efficiency, and positive and negative likelihood ratios (+LR and -LR) were estimated. The mean age of the participants was 34.1 ± 10.4 years and 88.2% were males. Overall, SRHRCT demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for RCT, but not for AP: sensitivity (RCT = 0.960, AP = 0.757) and specificity (RCT = 0.835, AP = 0.631). The estimated values for PV and LR were: +PV (RCT=0.777, AP=0.396), -PV (RCT = 0.972, AP = 0.890), +LR (RCT = 5.853, AP = 2.057), and -LR (RCT = 0.046, AP = 0.383). SRHRCT proved to be a good predictor of the presence of RCT, but a weak predictor of AP in this subpopulation.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical/epidemiologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato/normas , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Reações Falso-Negativas , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Radiografia Dentária , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(2): 651-659, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29740720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The identification of predictors of supragingival biofilm accumulation may improve the results of therapeutic strategies for dental caries and periodontal diseases in general clinical practice. This study aimed to determine predictors of changes in visible plaque (VP) and gingival bleeding (GB) during integrated dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted by a census of patients receiving integrated dental care in a general clinical practice ambulatory at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). The sample comprised 91 charts of patients attended over a 6-months period. Gender, age, patient's main complaint, oral hygiene pattern, and clinical data were recorded from charts for the last two dental visits in the ambulatory. Changes in VP and GB were modeled by multiple linear regression and beta coefficients (b) were reported. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 13 months. Significant reductions in VP (32.8 ± 27.9 to 17.4 ± 19.4%; p < 0.001) and GB (27.1 ± 23.8 to 18.5 ± 17.3%; p < 0.001) were observed. Higher plaque reductions were predicted by higher baseline VP levels (p = 0.02), shorter time (< 12 months) elapsed between VP recordings (b = 14.1%, p = 0.02), interproximal cleansing (b = 11.9%, p = 0.03), lower number of sessions for oral hygiene instruction (b = 13.7%, p = 0.02), and presence of pockets ≥ 6 mm (b = - 12.4%, p = 0.02). GB was predicted by time of follow-up > 12 months and baseline VP. CONCLUSIONS: Plaque and gingivitis improved in patients under integrated dental care. Factors related to motivation, oral hygiene practices, and baseline periodontal status might be used as predictors of VP and GB changes. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Visible plaque and gingivitis reduced in a sample of patients treated under integrated dental care. Some predictors may determine for which patients the treatment may be maximize and those who will need greater efforts to achieve the therapeutic goal for oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Brasil/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e007, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989471

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess self-reported history of root canal treatment (SRHRCT) as a method for detecting the presence of root canal treatment (RCT) and apical periodontitis (AP) in a southern Brazilian subpopulation. In this cross-sectional study, 136 military police officers from the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, were included. The participants were interviewed and full-mouth periapical radiographs were taken. A calibrated examiner determined the presence of RCT and AP by applying standardized criteria. The diagnostic accuracy of SRHRCT was calculated separately for RCT and AP. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (+PV and -PV), efficiency, and positive and negative likelihood ratios (+LR and -LR) were estimated. The mean age of the participants was 34.1 ± 10.4 years and 88.2% were males. Overall, SRHRCT demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for RCT, but not for AP: sensitivity (RCT = 0.960, AP = 0.757) and specificity (RCT = 0.835, AP = 0.631). The estimated values for PV and LR were: +PV (RCT=0.777, AP=0.396), -PV (RCT = 0.972, AP = 0.890), +LR (RCT = 5.853, AP = 2.057), and -LR (RCT = 0.046, AP = 0.383). SRHRCT proved to be a good predictor of the presence of RCT, but a weak predictor of AP in this subpopulation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Periodontite Periapical/epidemiologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato/normas , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Valores de Referência , Brasil/epidemiologia , Radiografia Dentária , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Reações Falso-Negativas , Reações Falso-Positivas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e036, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001607

RESUMO

Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus and their predictors in a population of adults in Brazil. A representative sample of 758 adults from 35 to 59 years of age from Porto Alegre city was examined. A structured questionnaire was applied. The Gingival Bleeding Index and the presence of calculus were measured at 4 sites/tooth. Multivariable logistic models were fitted to determine the predictors for gingival bleeding at >20% of sites. Overall, 96.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]=95.1-98.0) of individuals had ≥ 1 bleeding site. The mean percentages of sites with gingivitis and calculus were 26.1% and 44.6%, respectively. The odds of gingivitis decreased by ∼45% for individuals ≥40 years old compared to younger adults. Individuals that never performed interproximal cleaning and non-whites had an approximately two times higher chance of gingivitis. Smokers had lower chances of gingivitis than never-smokers (odds ratio=0.40; 95% CI=0.24-0.68). Higher numbers of missing teeth were associated with higher chances of gingivitis. The percentage of calculus was significantly associated with skin color, education, proximal cleaning, smoking exposure, dental visits, and tooth loss. It can be concluded that the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus was high in this Brazilian population, and it was associated with age, skin color, education, self-reported proximal cleaning, smoking, dental care, and tooth loss.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Cálculos Dentários/etiologia , Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Modelos Lineares , Índice Periodontal , Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33(supl.1): e074, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039314

RESUMO

Abstract Most of the literature evaluating dental implants focuses on implant survival, which is a limited proxy for the successful rehabilitation of patients with missing teeth. Success should include not only survival but also lack of mechanical, biological, and esthetics problems. A comprehensive review of local and systemic risk factors prior to implant placement will allow the tailoring of treatment planning and maintenance protocols to the patient's profile in order to achieve longitudinal success of the therapy. This review discusses the role of controlling different risk factors and prevention/treatment of peri-implant mucositis in order to avoid peri-implantitis. Although the literature addressing the topic is still scarce, the existing evidence shows that performing optimal plaque control and regular visits to the dentist seem to be adequate to prevent peri-implant lesions. Due to impossibility of defining a probing depth associate with peri-implant health, radiographic evaluations may be considered in the daily practice. So far, there is a strong evidence linking a past history of periodontal disease to peri-implant lesions, but this is not so evident for other factors including smoking and diabetes. The prevention of biological complications starts even before implant placement and include a broader analysis of the patient risk profile and tailoring the rehabilitation and maintenance protocols accordingly. It should be highlighted that the installation of implants does not modify the patient profile, since it does not modify genetics, microbiology or behavioral habits of any individual.


Assuntos
Humanos , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Peri-Implantite/prevenção & controle , Interface Osso-Implante/diagnóstico por imagem , Higiene Bucal , Periodontite/etiologia , Estomatite/etiologia , Radiografia Dentária , Índice Periodontal , Fatores de Risco , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Peri-Implantite/etiologia
18.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 37(2): 287-300, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050244

RESUMO

Introdução: a Estratégia da Saúde da Família (ESF) é uma política brasileira recente de gestão e execução dos serviços de saúde. Um dos alvos desta política é promover a saúde bucal. Para tanto, as equipes devem ser constituídas segundo normas do Ministério da Saúde, compostas por cirurgião-dentista e pelo menos um auxiliar. Objetivo: avaliar a composição das equipes de saúde bucal da ESF do município de Passo Fundo/RS/Brasil e comparar com as normas do Ministério da Saúde. Métodos: neste estudo transversal, a composição de 22 ESFs foi avaliada através de consulta ao Sistema de Informação de Atenção Básica (SIAB), referente ao biênio 2013-2014, e por aplicação de questionário para avaliar a estrutura das Equipes da Saúde da Família. Resultados: nenhuma das 22 ESFs apresentou equipe de saúde bucal completa. O único profissional identificado foi o cirurgião-dentista, presente em 17 das 22 ESFs (77%), integralmente pago com verba municipal, sem contrapartida federal. Não há uma padronização na carga horária do profissional odontólogo, diferente dos demais profissionais que compõem a atenção básica. Das ESFs regularizadas no SIAB, 20% não apresentam cirurgião-dentista em sua composição, ficando esta população desassistida em saúde bucal. Conclusões: as equipes de saúde bucal das ESFs do município de Passo Fundo/RS são incompletas e não seguem as normas Brasileiras.


Introduction: the Family Health Strategy (ESF) is a recent Brazilian policy of management and execution from health services. One of its targets is to promote the Oral Health. In order to achieve this the staffs shall be established accordingly to the Health Ministry rules, formed by a dental surgeon and at least one assistant. Objective: to evaluate the oral health teams structure of the ESF in the city of Passo Fundo/ RS/Brazil and contrast it with the Health Ministry rules. Methods: in this cross-sectional study, were valued the structure of 22 ESFs by looking at the Basic Health Care Information System (SIAB), referring to the biennium 2013-2014 and by applying a questionnaire to evaluate the ESF´s teams structure. Results: none of the 22 ESFs reported an Oral Health perfect team. The only professional identified was the dental surgeon, existing in 17 out of 22 ESFs (77%), paid in full by municipal funds with no federal financial reward. There is not a standard at dentists workload oppositely to other professional in SIAB. From the ESFs settled at SIAB 20% have no dental surgeon in its staff leaving people unattended in oral health. Conclusions: the oral health ESFs teams from the city of Passo Fundo/RS are incomplete and don´t obey the Brazilian regulation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Odontologia Estatal , Saúde Bucal
19.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(2): 281-291, mar.-abr. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-847151

RESUMO

Este relato de caso objetivou descrever as técnicas de preservação e aumento de rebordo alveolar após perda de um implante osseointegrado. Paciente com 54 anos de idade, do sexo feminino, procurou o serviço odontológico da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, pois um implante instalado há cincos anos na região do dente 25 encontrava-se com mobilidade. Ao exame clínico e radiográfico, constatou-se perda da osseointegração e extensa perda óssea da região vestibular. Realizou-se a remoção do implante, preservação e aumento de rebordo alveolar com enxerto de osso bovino desproteinizado e membrana de colágeno. Além do aumento da densidade óssea da região, observou-se aumento em espessura gengival, o que favoreceu a estética da área. Nove meses após esses procedimentos, um implante do tipo hexágono externo foi instalado. Posteriormente, uma nova prótese foi confeccionada. Concluiu-se que a preservação de rebordo alveolar é uma técnica de fundamental importância para a adequada instalação de implantes osseointegrados, pois favorece aspectos funcionais e estéticos, podendo ser aplicada em casos de perda de implantes e de dentes.


This case report aimed to describe a case of ridge preservation after loss of an osseointegrated implant. A 54 years-old female sought the dental service of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul because her implant, installed five years prior the initial exam, in the region of the element 25, presented mobility. Clinical and tomographic exams showed loss of osseointegration and extensive bone loss in the buccal surface. The implant was removed and the ridge preservation and augmentation was performed with deproteinized bovine bone graft and collagen membrane. In addition to the increased bone density in the region, the gingival thickness were increased in the region, favoring the aesthetics. After nine months, an external hexagon implant was installed. Aftwerwards, a new prosthesis was placed. It was concluded that the ridge preservation is extremely important for proper installation of osseointegrated dental implants, providing better functional and aesthetics aspects and can be applicable to cases where dental implants or tooth were lost.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Processo Alveolar , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Substitutos Ósseos , Implantes Dentários , Xenoenxertos
20.
J Dent ; 55: 7-15, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27628316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of EO as adjuncts to mechanical plaque control (MPC) on the reduction of plaque and gingivitis when compared to placebo or cetylpyridium chloride (CPC). DATA: Randomized controlled trials of at least 6 months of follow-up including systemically healthy individuals with gingivitis were included. SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Lilacs and SCOPUS were searched up to April 2016. From 3045 citations, 16 studies were included. 14 studies assessed the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (QHI) and 11 studies assessed the Modified Gingival Index (MGI) and were included in meta-analyses and meta-regression. STUDY SELECTION: The analysis of risk of bias suggested that the quality of the studies ranged from moderate to low. Mean QHI (WMD=-0.86, 95%CI -1.05 to -0.66) and MGI (WMD=-0.52, 95%CI -0.67 to -0.37) were lower for EO+MPC than placebo+MPC. Reductions in plaque and gingivitis were, respectively, 32% and 24% larger for EO+MPC than placebo+MPC. The decreases in QHI (WMD=-0.95, 95%CI -1.26 to -0.63) and in MGI (WMD=-0.34, 95%CI -0.53 to -0.15) observed in the EO+MPC group, compared to placebo+MPC in interproximal areas, were significantly different and in favor to EO+MPC. EO+MPC compared to CPC+MPC resulted in clinically lower levels of plaque and gingivitis. High heterogeneity (I2>95%) was found and explained (MGI-R2=63.6%; QHI-R2=80.1%) by differences between studies in the percentage of males, supervision of the mouthwashes and provision of oral hygiene. CONCLUSIONS: EO seems to be superior to placebo+MPC and CPC+MPC for reduction of plaque and gingival inflammation in patients with gingivitis. Expected benefits may be clinically relevant and may also reach the interproximal area. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Mouthwashes containing essential oils should be considered the first choice for daily use as adjuvants to self-performed mechanical plaque control.


Assuntos
Antissépticos Bucais , Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Placa Dentária , Índice de Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Humanos , Masculino , Óleos Voláteis , Índice Periodontal
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